Skip to main content

Full text of "Calendar of the manuscripts of the Most Honourable the Marquess of Salisbury ... preserved at Hatfield House, Hertfordshire .."

See other formats


THE LIBRARY 

OF 

THE UNIVERSITY 

OF CALIFORNIA 

LOS ANGELES 




Court un Id Institute Photograph 



Robert Cecil, First Earl of Salisbury, k.g. 
[1563 - 1612] 



Reproduced from the miniature by J. Hoskins or J. Oliver at 

BurGhley House by permission of The Most Hon. The Marquess 

of Exeter, k.c.m.g. 



Historical Manuscripts Commission 

9 



CALENDAR OF THE MANUSCRIPTS 
OF THE MOST HONOURABLE 

THE MARQUESS OF SALISBURY 

K.G., P.C., G.C.V.O., C.B., T.D. 
PRESERVED AT 

HATFIELD HOUSE 

HERTFORDSHIRE 

Part XXI 
(1609-1612) 

Edited, with an Introduction, by 
G. Dyfnallt Owen, ph.d. 



LONDON 
HER MAJESTY'S STATIONERY OFFICE 

1970 



CM— A 



Crown copyright 1970 



SBN 11 440011 3 



Printed in England for Her Majesty's Stationery Offu 
by McCorquodale & Co., Ltd., London 



DA 



CONTENTS 

Page 

Introduction ------------ v 

Calendar ------------- I 

Index -------------- 377 



1&CG303 



INTRODUCTION 



The papers in this Calendar covering the years 1609-May, 1612, 
unlike those calendared in previous volumes, throw little light on 
domestic or international events of major importance. To be informed 
of the English Government's foreign policy during this period, one must 
have recourse of necessity to other documentary sources. On internal 
issues the information is unfortunately meagre. For instance, references 
to the turbulent sessions of the 1610 Parliament are tantalizingly few 
and far between; while the passions and partisan feelings of the Bal- 
merino affair and trial in 1609 are barely hinted at. Routine adminis- 
trative affairs account for much of the material here calendared, and 
make for repetition of subject matter, although useful facts may be 
drawn from them touching upon the financial and economic problems 
of the time. These three years, however, did not pass unmarked b} r 
notable events at home and abroad, of which some are worth describing 
in some detail because of their particular relevance to the attitude and 
behaviour of James I and English officialdom at this time. 

(1) The Twelve Years' Truce 

1609 began, as the previous year had ended, with the final negoti- 
ations for the cessation of hostilities in the Low Countries still hanging 
fire. The alleged offer of the King of England to procure an uncon- 
ditional truce for Spain was a sufficient pretext for some of the parties 
concerned to prevaricate at the last moment. Philip III used it as an 
excuse to postpone his official renunciation of sovereignty over the 
United Provinces. Spinola and Richardot, two of the Flemish Com- 
missioners in the peace talks, exploited it to sow mistrust of English 
motives in the minds of Dutch and French alike. This, in turn, gave 
rise to rumours in Madrid that Henry IV of France had hinted that it 
would be James's fault if the treaty failed to materialise, a rumour 
which the English Ambassador there, Sir Charles Cornwallis, hotly 
resented. It showed, he wrote, 'that the French King plays not his 
balles with either of the Kings [of England and Spain] above the lyne.' 1 
Amid all the dark suspicions and defamatory rumours, the only person 
who refused to be deflected from his policy was the Governor of the 
Spanish provinces, Archduke Albert. To obtain a truce of appreciable 
duration remained his one cardinal objective, and to that end he applied 
his diplomatic ingenuity and a resoluteness which sometimes verged on 
obstinacy. 

The Archduke was relying on two factors to achieve his purpose. One 
was his sincere belief that the United Provinces were not only as 
desirous of ending the war as he was, but needed peace as much as the 
exhausted and war-worn inhabitants of Flanders. In this he was de- 
luding himself, for his assessment of Dutch responsiveness to the 
prospects of peace was based on their readiness to agree to short periods 
of truce prior to the finalisation of the treaty. It was obvious that a 
suspension of hostilities, however intermittent and indeterminate, 

i 8. P. Flanders (S.P. 77). Bundle 9. Cornwallis to [Edmondes], January 7, 1609, fol. 213. 



VI 

would be advantageous to a nation of merchants and traders into which 
the Dutch were rapidly developing, and that they would agree to any 
sort of truce which reduced interference with their commercial enter- 
prises. What the Archduke momentarily forgot or ignored was that the 
United Provinces still had the means to prosecute the war if they so 
decided; and that it lay in their power, not in that of Brussels or Madrid, 
to refuse a truce if they felt that the circumstances justified a resump- 
tion of hostilities rather than a continuation of negotiations as the best 
way of gaining their ends. 

The second factor in the Archduke's calculations was more sub- 
stantial and promising. It was the persuasive arguments of his con- 
fessor whom he had dispatched to Madrid to confront Philip III and his 
Council with an irrefutable case for the adherence of Spain to the 
proposed treaty. The confessor had, indeed, managed to split the 
Council on this issue — the Constable of Castile and the Cardinal of 
Toledo opposing further negotiations, and the all-powerful Duke of 
Lerma and others equally adamant in favour of them. The debates 
were protracted and fluctuating, but it was evident that the debilitated 
state of Spain herself would bring a sense of realism into the delibera- 
tions as the weeks went by. By February 9th, 1609, the English Am- 
bassador in Brussels, Sir Thomas Edmondes, could confidently predict 
in a despatch that, 'the tyme doth now discover that all this long 
marchandising which hath been used, hath ben onely in stryving to 
cover the shame of their great necessities, and that in the end (seeing no 
other remédie) they have ben forced to submitt themselves to the Lawe 
thereof, and are now resolved to swallowe the pill which went so much 
against their stomaches, commission being geiven (as is reported) to the 
Archeduke to proceed to the fynall concluding of the busynes.' 1 

Edmondes does not specify which pill was particularly indigestible to 
the Spanish Council, but it may have been the thorny question of the 
East Indies trade, which the Dutch demanded for their merchants. All 
other hindrances had been removed by this time, including the mystery 
of the King of England's alleged intervention to obtain a simple truce 
for Spain. An investigation in London, Madrid and Brussels had un- 
covered a trail which led to Richardot as the source of that confusing 
piece of information. Richardot tried to cast the blame on Cuniga, the 
Spanish Ambassador in London; Cuniga vehemently protested his 
innocence; the Earl of Salisbury opined that it was merely a device in 
Brussels to save those engaged in the treaty talks on behalf of Spain 
from being disavowed in their proceedings; and in Madrid the Spanish 
Secretary of State, Andreas de Prada, gladdened the heart of Sir 
Charles Cornwallis by calling Richardot an unmitigated liar. James's 
name being cleared in this manner, all efforts were bent to satisfy the 
parties, in particular the Dutch, on the issue of the East Indies. The 
Treaty Commissioners conveyed a serious warning to the Archduke on 
March 11, 1609, in which they stated that if the concessions made by 
Spain were not written down in terms satisfactory to the United 
Provinces, there would be a reaction against peace amongst the Dutch, 
and an opportunity to achieve it might be irretrievably lost. This was 

i S.P. Flanders. Bundle 9. Edmondes to Salisbury, February 9, 1609, fol. 224. 



Vil 

enough to dispel any further reluctance in Brussels and Madrid. 
Analysing the Spanish attitude towards the whole question of the East 
Indies, Edmondes wrote to the Earl of Salisbury that, 'I fynde there is 
an opinyon entertayned that howsoever necessitie hath forced them in 
Spain to yeeld that the States shall peaceably trade to such places in 
the Indias as they doe there possesse, yet that they make their reckon- 
ning it wilbe much more to the States' disadvantage then formerly it 
nath ben, not only because the States are more restrayned for makinge 
any further conqueste in those Countryes, but also for that the States 
men made their proffitt more by the rich prizes which they tooke from 
the Spanyards and Portugalls in those parts then by the use of their 
trade with them of the country. Some doe adde thereunto also a third 
consideration, that where it is lykely the States shippes will nowe in 
confidence of the Truce goe more weakly armed and provyded, that 
the Spanyards shall have the better meanes upon any advantage and 
pretences to destroy their shipping in those parts from whence there 
can hardly come any complaint thereof, and so by tyme to make them 
weary of that trade, especially when enjoyinge that of Spayne they 
shall fynde that the same wilbe of more ease and less perill unto them.' 1 

These and other arguments may have finally persuaded the Spanish 
monarch and Government to accept the treaty. But delay and evasion 
in Madrid were not the only impediments with which the Treaty 
Commissioners had to contend. The two English members, Sir Ralph 
Winwood and Sir Richard Spencer, had often been frustrated and 
exasperated by the attitude of the Dutch, and if it had not been for the 
mutterings of discontent with their behaviour from the Kings of 
England and France, the more refractory and belligerent elements 
amongst the Dutch, which included Prince Maurice and the supporters 
of the House of Orange, might conceivably have held up the treaty. 
The English Commissioners gave vent to their feelings in a despatch 
after the signing of the Truce. The demands of the States, they wrote, 
had been met in full, 'which easiness in the Archducs deputyes, whether 
proceeding from the extreame necessityes of Spaine or from the desire 
theis Princes beare to quiett and repose, did so puffe up the States 
deputyes into that conceyted humor for some dayes together that not 
only did they thincke that nothing they did require should be refused 
them, though never so unjust or so voyd of reason, but that wee and the 
French Commissioners were bound to second them and support them 
in all their impertinent and unreasonable demands.' 2 And Winwood 
wrote personally to John Chamberlain that, 'never was there treaty so 
advantageous as thy s is to the States; yet I may tell you . . . they are 
nothing contented with yt, thincking we have done them wrong not to 
procure them all the unjust and unworthy demands.' 3 

By the end of March, 1609, the ultimate formalities for the signing of 
the treaty had been arranged, and on the 29th of the month the Twelve 
Years' Truce ended the forty years' struggle between Spain and her 
rebellious Dutch provinces. There was undoubtedly a greater sigh of 
relief in Spain and Flanders than in Holland or Zeeland. Cornwallis 

i S.P. Flanders. Edmondes to Salisbury, March 8, 1609, fol. 230. 

2 S.P. Holland (S.P. 84). Vol. 66. Commissioners to Salisbury, April 6, 1609, fol. 183. 

3 S.P. Flanders. Bundle 9. Winwood to Chamberlain, April 5, 1609. fol. 243. 



Vlll 

wrote to the Earl of Salisbury that the treaty was most welcome in 
Madrid because, 'ease and securitie are thinges that are for the present 
in best fashion and most desired.' 1 Edmondes, in Brussels, summed up 
the reaction there in a despatch. 'If the benefitts of this Truce should 
be measured by the joye which these Princes doe expresse for the making 
of the same, it would swaye the opinion that they have the greatest 
advantage therein, the contentment being exceeding great which they 
she we that matters are brought to this issue. And that they have 
reason so to doe, it is said that they were best privie that the King of 
Spayne was not able to furnish longer the meanes for the mainteyning 
of those chargeable warres, being growne so infinitely behind hand as he 
is and his creditt therewith reduced to so lowe an ebbe since the making 
of the last decrett, as he is generally refused to be furnished with anie 
monie unless he doe deliver the same beforehand; so that in case the 
warre had continued, the extremitie of his necessities, which would 
more and more have appeared, would have made a great alteration in 
his affaires.' 2 

It was not only a respite from war with its dangers, privations and 
exactions, that commended the treaty to the peoples of Spain and 
Flanders. In the case of the latter, it was also the chance of reviving 
their trade, not least with England, which had been stagnating over the 
years. No time was lost in Antwerp, which had suffered more than most 
cities from the war. There was an intense discussion whether the city 
authorities should redeem with a large sum of money the imposition 
laid by the Archduke on English cloth. And while this discussion was 
proceeding, it was decided to exempt English merchants from paying 
excise in the hope of attracting trade back to Antwerp before the Dutch 
enticed it with more glittering rewards. 3 There were obvious difficulties 
ahead, but the hopes of the inhabitants of Antwerp and other com- 
mercial centres were sanguine enough for Edmondes to comment in the 
same despatch: 'In the point of Trade chiefly they thincke that they 
shall wynne a great advantage uppon the States, for that they hope they 
shall drawe the same out of those partes [restored by the Treaty to the 
rule of Brussels] hither, and so consequently engage towards them the 
affections of that people who wilbe alwayes willing to followe the best 
markett. And if those of Zeeland should refuse to come to reason for 
the opening of the river of Antwerpe, they alleage that they have 
meanes to force them thereunto by raysing the impositions uppon them 
in their trade in Spayne, and hindring the passage of marchandise by 
the rivers of the Meuse and the Rhyne; and also by settling the course 
of the trade in the ports of Ff launders.' 4 

The merchants of Antwerp had certainly not reckoned with the 
prejudicial schemes of their rivals at the mouth of the Scheldt, and had 
overestimated their ability to deal with them. It was now that the 
United Provinces, particularly Zeeland, displayed that unreasonable 
frame of mind and narrow outlook of which Spencer and Winwood had 

i 8.P. Spain (S.P. 91). Vol. 16. Cornwallis to Salisbury, April 26, 1609, fol. 77. 
z S.P. Flanders. Bundle 9, Edmondes to Salisbury, April 13, 1609, fol. 245. 
3 S.P. Flanders. Bundle 9. fol. 238. 
« Ibid. Edmondes to Salisbury, April 13, 1609, fol. LMô. 



IX 

complained. 1 They virtually proposed a stranglehold on all trade to 
Antwerp by insisting that all ships proceeding to that city should dis- 
charge their cargoes at Middelburg, where Dutch lighters would be 
waiting to transport them up river to Antwerp. A counterproposal that 
a fair toll should be levied on this trade for the benefit of Zeeland was 
firmly rejected, neither was that province perturbed by the threat that 
Brussels would retaliate by heavily taxing Dutch trade along the Rhine 
and the Meuse. Blind obstinacy made the Zeelanders impervious to any 
argument that such arbitrary behaviour would be harmful to their own 
trade in the long run. 

Faced by the ruin of their river trade, the Flemish Government 
thought up many remedies to circumvent the Dutch blockade. Not the 
least ambitious was the project to build a canal between Ostend and 
Bruges, which would turn the flank of the main line of Zeeland's 
resistance on the Scheldt and allow the entry of English and other 
foreign commodities. 2 There were high hopes too that the increasing 
troubles in Germany would help to rehabilitate Flemish trade and re- 
establish the staple of English cloth in some part of the country. But 
eventually the dispute resolved itself into a tariff war, in which the 
commercial jealousies of both parties were given full rein, and Flemish 
stubbornness showed itself as insuperable as that of the Zeelanders. 

For this and other reasons the Twelve Years' Truce was an uneasy one 
from the very beginning, and mutual resentment and suspicions 
flickered from one end of the frontier to the other. Within a few months 
after the ratification of the treaty, the Hague was pointing an accusing 
finger towards the Archduke, charging him with the non-fulfilment, if 
not the actual violation, of the terms. In May, 1610, upon expostula- 
tions from a Dutch Ambassador Extraordinary, King James made a 
direct appeal to the Archduke to enforce compliance with the con- 
ditions of the Truce. James may have felt that after exerting pressure 
on the Dutch to agree to the treaty, he was morally bound to see that it 
was being implemented. But what concerned him more was the fact 
that, in view of the increasing tension over the question of the Cleves 
succession, any deterioration in the relations between the Hague and 
Brussels might inflame still further the apprehension of a continental 
war which only the assassination of Henry IV had prevented. The Earl 
of Salisbury was less perturbed b}^ that possibility than the King. He 
believed that the Archduke's shuffling with his treaty obligations was 
merely a manoeuvre to force the United Provinces into allowing more 
unrestricted trade on the Scheldt from which Antwerp and other 
Flemish towns would benefit. 3 

In the midst of this conflict of political and commercial interests, 
there was one government which had attempted to bring about equit- 
able conditions of peace, but received little gratitude or satisfaction for 
its mediation. On the surface, Brussels would seem to have shown more 
appreciation of its relations with England than the Hague and Madrid. 
When Edmondes was recalled in August, 1609, the Archduke paid a 

1 It was the object of criticism by the eminent Dutch historian Pietar Geyl. Sec his Rolland mal 
Belgium (1920), pp. 23, 25, and c/p. 27. 

2 S.P. Flanders. Bundle 9, fol. 4001). 

3 Ibid. Salisbury to Trumbull, May, 1610, fol. 380. 



handsome tribute to his qualities as Ambassador. But in matters of 
mutual interest and advantage, such as the renewal and promotion of 
trade, the Flemish Government, unlike some of its subjects, was some- 
what slow to move. For instance, nothing was done to permit the 
Merchant Adventurers the free exercise of their religion in their house 
in Antwerp. It was a small concession, but it might well have tipped the 
scales in favour of their re-establishment in that city. As it was, they 
contented themselves with residing in Middelburg and certain Hanseatic 
towns. In fact, religious differences were again allowed to interfere with 
business, and inoffensive English merchants found themselves liable to 
imprisonment at the hands of ultra-Catholic officials. Neither did the 
Archduke make much effort to relieve the perennial anxiety of the King 
of England about the activities of English Jesuits and conspirators on 
Flemish soil. Still nursing his memories of the Gunpowder Plot, and 
with the murder of Henry IV as an example of what could happen when 
regicide became an instrument of practical politics, James feared the 
ground where Jesuits and their friends trod with impunity. His fears 
were exaggerated, but on two occasions he had some justification for 
them. 

(2) The King's Book 

One of the consequences of the Gunpowder Plot was the general 
assumption in England that the English Catholics, abetted by their 
Jesuit friends abroad, had not entirely renounced their hopes of engin- 
eering political and dynastic instability by violent means. It led to an 
intensification of anti-Catholic feeling, which found expression in 
parliamentary legislation and the coercion of English recusants. James 
himself disliked persecution, being enough of a theologian to appreciate 
that doctrinal differences, even heresies, were fundamentally spiritual 
matters. But he had to admit the necessity of curbing dangerous sub- 
versive tendencies if the country was not to relapse into extremes of 
confessional and political passions. With this in view, he approved of a 
new Oath of Allegiance which allowed Catholics to recognise the 
spiritual authority of the Pope, but denied him any power to depose the 
King or release his subjects from their allegiance. It also condemned in 
forthright language the doctrine that monarchs excommunicated by the 
Pope could be deposed or murdered by their peoples or anyone else. In 
the circumstances, the Oath was not objectionable nor unreasonable; it 
was moderate enough for the generality of English Catholics to sub- 
scribe to it. Nevertheless, they were made rather uncomfortable by the 
open literary warfare which broke out over the Oath between James and 
one of the greatest intellects of the Catholic Church, Cardinal Robert 
Bellarmine. 

In a letter to the English Catholics Bellarmine had supported the 
Pope's ban on the Oath, and stigmatised the latter as an attempt to 
invest James with the authority of the head of the Church in England. 1 
The King's sharp attack on his letter, in some respects a personal one, 
under the title Apologie for the Oath of Allegiance brought a quick retort 
from the Cardinal in the form of his Responsio, which he discreetly 



i G. P. V. Akrigg. Jacobean Pageant, p. 308. 



XI 



published under the name of his chaplain Matthew Turtius. The next 
move by James was the antithesis of discretion. He brought out a new 
edition of his Apologie accompanied by an introduction, A Premonition 
of all Christian Monarchies, Free Princes and States, in which he warned 
the whole fraternity of European rulers and heads of States, without 
distinction of religion, of the insidious manner in which the Popes had 
attempted to extend their temporal power at their expense, and were 
still seeking means of surreptitious encroachment. What is more, James 
carried the assault into the enemy's camp. He dispatched copies of the 
book to Madrid and Brussels, as well as to Paris, Venice and Cracow, 
where he hoped to find allies for his campaign, and to various Protestant 
monarchs and princes upon whose support he could confidently rely. 

Since the King had entrusted his ambassadors with the presentation 
of the copies, and expected them to do so with the maximum of pub- 
licity and ceremoniousness, some of them must have regarded it as one 
of the most invidious tasks that had ever come their way. It was all very 
well for the Earl of Salisbury to write to Edmondes in Brussels: 'I 
conclude you will neither look for many words from me to praise that 
which praises itself, nor that I should use persuasion to you to give it all 
circumstances of advantage in the presentation.' 1 Edmondes knew 
better than the Secretary of State of the inevitable reaction that the 
appearance of the book would produce at the Flemish Court. Two hours 
before he was due to be received in audience, he was unequivocally 
warned by Richardot that if it was his intention to present the book, the 
audience would be cancelled. The Archduke, he was told, was not pre- 
pared to put up with a work which was patently offensive to the Pope 
and the Catholic Church. To which Edmondes tartly replied that, 
'though I ever found the Archduke to be very zealously affected in his 
courses, yet that I did not thincke him so much transported with the 
passion thereof as that it should make him in such sort to wrong his 
judgement and his amitié with his Ma tie . That it was true there were 
some thinges handled in the said Booke by accident, which perhaps 
might not stand with the Archduke's beleefe to approve, as that of the 
comparing of the Pope to be anti-Christ, which therefore he might have 
passed over as he should have thought fitt, if his scrupulous conscience 
would not have geiven him leave to consider and examine his arguments 
thereof. But for the other points they were such as ought to geive him 
great contentment, because they shewe what wrong is sought to be donne 
to the authoritie of Princes (wherein himself hath a common interest) by 
the unjust and irreligious usurpation of the Pope.' 2 

It was no use. The appeal to the Archduke's political judgment over 
the head of any possible revulsions of his conscience, and a reminder 
that it was not in the best of taste to refuse a book specially sent to him 
by its distinguished author, fell flat. Words flared between Edmondes 
and Richardot. 'I tould the President that I thought he would have 
geiven his Master better counsell, and to have represented unto him how T 
unworthily he should acquitt himself for his fresh obligations towards 
his Ma tie . He was not willing to entertaine further discourse with me.' 
To the relief of the Archduke, Edmondes refused to attend the audience. 

i See infra, p. 64. 

2 S.P. Flanders. Bundle 9. Edmondes to Salisbury, July 5, 1609, fol. 266; see infra pp. 71 and 80. 



Xll 

Upon a little reflection, the English Ambassador might have realised 
that since the Spanish Ambassador in London had refused James's 
book outright, the Archduke could hardly do less than follow his 
example, if it were only to demonstrate his loyalty to his own Church and 
to his patron, his most Catholic Majesty in Madrid. 

In the Spanish capital, the English Ambassador, Sir Charles Corn- 
wallis, had received his long solicited letters of revocation and was pre- 
paring to leave for England when he was given the order to present the 
book to Philip III. Cornwallis had not the slightest doubt that James 
had been inspired in the writing of it, and was confirmed in that im- 
pression by gossip in Madrid. 'I protest unto your Lordships,' he wrote 
to the Privy Council, 'it hath much joyed mine harte to heare generallie 
the comendation of his Ma t,es excellent partes, the greatest enemies 
to his faythe, out of force of truth, beinge compelled to confesse the 
booke to be the rarest worke of a kinge that in anie age hath come to 
light. Onlie they say he fayles in the foundation, the rest of the buyld- 
inge they acknowledge to be adorned with all the beauties and singular- 
ities that by the invention of man can be putt into it. The verie Jésuites 
(as I am enformed) doe approve his great zeale and wishe that the 
Kinges of their affection would encline themselves to the like in enabl- 
inge them to défende the truthe.' 1 

All the same he was dubious whether he would succeed in persuading 
the King of Spain to accept the book, or any of his officials for that 
matter, despite his resolution to 'give it the best sauce I can to breede 
appetite, at least to ta. c t it in their moutbes, though they suffer it not to 
descende to their stomaches." 2 There may have been a sneaking admira- 
tion for James's open attack on the Pope, but the official attitude was 
defined by the public prohibition, upon pain of excommunication, of 
the private possession of any printed works derogatory to or critical of 
the Catholic faith. Moreover Cornwallis was subjected to the same kind 
of probing of his intentions as Edmondes had undergone in Brussels. 
Prior to his farewell audience with Philip III, during which he proposed 
to present the book, he was summoned to meet the Duke of Lerma, who 
warned him sternly not to do so if he hoped to avoid a most unpleasant 
scene at Court. 

If Richardot's remonstrance had fired Edmondes's indignation, 
Cornwallis positively hurled himself at Lerma's head with an exuberant 
defence of James's views. 'Kings were to be understoode to be bodies 
politique, and absolute and perfect within their own kingdomes and 
governments,' he harangued the Duke who, recalling his career of self- 
advancement and what he owed to an absolutist monarch, could not 
have agreed more with him, 'and therefore not subjecte to the in- 
hibitions or restraintes of the Pope or anie forraine power, as other men 
particular. That that which at this daye is the case of the Kinge my 
mayster with the Pope may in times to come become that of the Kinge 
of Spain . . . That in the King's booke are handeled two princypal 
pointes, the one howe farre the jurisdiction of the Pope is to be extended 
in the dominions of secular princes (a thinge most necessarie for all 

i S.P. Spain (S.P. 91). Vol. 16. Cornwallis to Privy Council. August 10, 1609, fol. 158. 
2 Ibid. Cornwallis to Salisbury, July 12, 1609, fol. 134. 



Xlll 

princes to knowe); the other the difference betweene the faythe he 
professed and that which the Pope enjoynes to those of his obedience, 
and in both these he foundeth himself uppon the authoritie of the holy 
scriptures, uppon that of the foure first generall counsayles, the sayenges 
of the anncyent fathers, and examples of the first Emperors and Popes 
themselves.' 1 

Having then suggested that Philip III would derive much benefit 
from tasting this particular fruit of James's superlative erudition, with- 
out damaging his piety, Comwallis added for good measure that Henry 
IV of France and the Signory of Venice had set a laudable example by 
accepting the book. It was one of those diplomatic infelicities which 
sometimes grated on the Duke of Lerma's nerves in his conversations 
with the English Ambassador. 'The Duke with a smile and shrinkinge 
uppe of his shoulders spake somewhat betweene the teeth of the French 
kinge and the Venetians that I neither well hearde nor understoode, and 
therefore will not take uppon me to deliver.' But there was no mistaking 
what the Duke did say in a concise and articulate manner before 
Cornwallis left his chamber. And at his farewell audience with the 
Spanish King, he contented himself with saying that he was precluded 
from presenting a certain matter after a conversation with the Duke, 
who had informed him of Philip's resolution concerning it. Philip 
ignored the allusion, offered the usual courtesies extended to ambassadors 
on their leave-taking and dismissed him. As could have been expected 
Madrid, like Brussels, could not afford to allow James to create a breach 
between Rome and the Catholic powers upon which depended any 
revival of Catholicism, spiritually or politically, in the future. 

In France James could count on a more receptive and appreciative 
circle of readers, which would not be confined to the powerful Huguenot 
minority in that country. A strong Gallican sentiment amongst 
Catholics, clerical and lay, a hearty dislike of the Jesuits, a growing 
spirit of nationalism affecting all classes in France, and a detestation of 
the Habsburg and Spanish Powers, combined to ensure that the King's 
anti-Papal criticism, at least in its temporal content, would find its 
protagonists and defenders in France. In Paris the view was that the 
book would stimulate the gentry of England to enter into a more 
serious and a greatly needed study of theology, and gradually evolve 
propitious conditions for an agreement between the Churches of the 
West leading to their reformation. 

There was no difficulty in presenting the book to Henry IV. There 
were no preliminary admonitions and wrangling as in Madrid and 
Brussels. When Sir George Carew, the English Ambassador in Paris, 
met Henry in special audience he found him in an affable mood, although 
slightly uneasy in his mind. He remarked that, 'he wished his Ma tie 
had not written at all for that in a long worke there must be mistaking 
of allegations when divers men collected them, and that would give 
advantage to those who should answere the book.' Carew replied that 
James had preferred to resist provocations and physical threats in this 
manner, although if it came to war he had the means 'to make the Pope 
and all his Cardinalls tremble in Rome.' As for answering the book — 

i S.P. Spain. Vol. 16. Cornwallis to the Privy Council, September 11, 1609, fol. 168. 



and here Carew's insistence on the proprieties may have struck Henry as 
naive, 'if any of these woulde answere it to whom it was directed, his 
Ma tie would gladly reade that which they should write; if others, they 
should use no good maners to answere before they were spoken to.' 
Later on the French King confessed that he read few books written in 
Latin; he much preferred to have them read to him. By this time he 
was obviously getting bored by the whole conversation, and Carew may 
then have recalled to mind that he had been kept waiting two hours 
for the audience while Henry was playing tennis. 'I perceaved he was 
willing to break of mine audience somewhat the sooner upon a desire he 
had to see the booke, and as soone as I was gone I understande he fell 
to turning of it. I thinke his thanks he will send by his own Ambassador, 
for I doe not remember that he required me to deliver any.' 1 

Henry may eventually have found time to read the Premonition. He 
did acknowledge later, rather vaguely perhaps, that there were some 
good things in it. But since he brusquely brushed off Carew's importun- 
ate requests for his considered opinion of its merits by observing that 
James should know who his true friend was, inasmuch as he had 
accepted the book while the Archduke and Philip III had not, it may be 
surmised that other matters were occupying the King's mind. Amongst 
these were the likelihood of a clash with Spain and the Emperor over 
the Julich-Cleves inheritance; and, not least, his infatuation with, and 
persistent chase of, the Princess of Condé whose charms would explain 
Henry's unresponsiveness to theological considerations of any kind at 
this time. 

Nevertheless, James could find compensation in the expressions of 
sympathy and admiration offered by people who were engaged in more 
serious pursuits than Henry. Secretary of State Villeroy deprecated the 
fact that his countrymen were not so subtle in religious matters as the 
English, and suffered the penalties of being 'Chrestiens plus grossiers.' 
But they agreed, he assured Carew, that the Pope had no power to 
depose James. The eminent Cardinal du Perron also saw much in the 
Apologie, as distinct from the Premonition, that could contribute to- 
wards the settlement of spiritual controversies in a general council, if 
one were held. Isaac Casauban, the French King's Protestant librarian, 
extolled the book as a meritorious work, although he too regretted 
James's digressions touching the Pope's alleged attributes as anti- 
Christ. 2 Neither would the King of England perhaps have been dis- 
pleased altogether with the consequences of a dispute over the book 
between the brother of Lord Haddington and a Frenchman. Ramsay 
had taken him to task and beaten him with a cudgel. It had led to 
consternation at the French Court and disturbances near the English 
embassy. Nevertheless, when all was said and done, it was a country- 
man of James's who had preserved the King's honour with a club. 
What is more, he had managed to do so without violating the edict 
against duelling in France, a method of solving personal disputes which 
James also frowned upon. 

It was true that an epidemic of answers to the King's book broke out 
in France which neither James nor the punctilious Carew could have 

i 8. P. France (S.P. 78). Vol. 55. Carew to Salisbury, June 15, 1609, fol. 1051 
2 See infra p. 288. 



XV 

anticipated. Some were calumnious enough to move the Earl of 
Salisbury to protest and demand their suppression. But since the laws 
of censorship were more flexible in France than in most other Western 
countries, his expostulations fell on deaf ears. In any case they would 
have made little impression on the French King or his officials who 
were aware, for instance, that the publisher of a counterblast to the 
Apologie by Pelletier, an apostate, was a member of the Reformed 
religion who had chosen to be excommunicated by his own Church 
rather than halt the profitable circulation of Pelletier's book. To 
enforce a stringent censorship in these conditions would have led, in all 
probability, to the expansion of a black market in suppressed books 
greater than that in Venice, where copies of the King's book, officially 
prohibited, were procurable in an Italian version in bookshops owned 
or patronised by supporters of the Jesuits. 

On the whole James could rest satisfied with the interest and dis- 
cussion caused by his book in France. And if it were ever brought to 
his attention, his vanity and inordinate craving for recognition and 
adulation would have been much gratified by a heavy-handed attempt 
of an admirer in France to enlist the French Muse in the English King's 



'Un seul peintre jadis pouvoit peindre Alexandre. 

Mais ce soin curieux ne trouble ce grand Roy, 

Roy qui dans ses escrits seul Apelle de soy, 

S'est bien mieux peint au vif qu'un peintre l'ust peu rendre.' 1 

( 3 ) ' The King in Danger ' 

The murder of Henry IV on May 14th, 1610, oppressed the people of 
France with a sense of personal loss and with considerable anxiety 
about the stability of their government. Its effect on the English 
people was to induce a similar alarm, but they were primarily concerned 
about the safety of their King. 'This unfortunate accident of the late 
French King,' wrote the Earl of Dunbar to the Earl of Salisbury, 
'cannot but bring fear to the hearts of all who truly love our most 
gracious King. Therefore I do not doubt but in your accustomed care 
of his Ma tie " surety, you will do all* that is possible for preventing that- 
most frightful misfortune that might fall to all honest men.' 2 

Despite the denial, even under torture, of the assassin that he had 
any accomplices in killing the French King, the English Parliament and 
nation only too readily assumed that the Jesuits, with the active or 
passive connivance of Catholics, were at the bottom of the crime. 
Memories of the Gunpowder Plot again lay heavy on men's opinions, 3 
and its shades hovered round the members of the House of Commons as 
they met to discuss measures for the greater protection of James. They 
incontinently passed an Act ordering all English subjects without 
exception to take the Oath of Allegiance, and imposing for the first 
time a penalty on women who were recusants. James approved of the 
Act without reservation. The murder of the French monarch had filled 



i S.P. France. Vol. 55. Advices from St. Germain, July 16/26, 1609, fol. 131. 

2 See infra p. 222. 

3 See infra p. 96. 



XVI 

him with horror, and reminded him unpleasantly of dangerous ex- 
periences in Scotland during his youth. It is not surprising that he 
made inquiries as to the identity and functions of the courtiers who 
were accompanying Henry in the royal coach when he was knifed by 
Ravaillac. 1 

But persecuting recusants and providing the King with a stronger 
escort when he travelled or went hunting, were not sufficient to dissipate 
the fears of those responsible for James's security. It was unlikely that 
an attempt on his life would be made by discontented elements in 
England itself, although it could not, of course, be entirely ruled out. 
The real danger came from the groups of political conspirators across 
the Channel, who had been a thorn in the side of the English Govern- 
ment and a close object of study to its intelligence service for the last 
thirty years or so. Their ranks had been thinned by the passage of time, 
but there still remained a core of uncompromising militants to whom 
plot and intrigue against the Protestant regime of England was a duty 
imposed by religious convictions and sanctified by the blood of those 
who had tried but failed to overthrow it. What now made the situation 
more menacing and insecure was the resounding success of Ravaillac in 
disposing of so powerful and popular a king as Henry, without the 
assistance of a well organised conspirac}^ and without its risk of de- 
tection and internal obstructions as well. A premium was placed on 
individual initiative and a total insensibility to whatever dreadful 
consequences might follow. English officialdom did not doubt that a 
number of Jesuits and Catholics abroad, English and foreign alike, 
would be happy to demonstrate just these qualities if given the oppor- 
tunity. And in a short time the feeling of anxiety in London had so 
strongly communicated itself to English diplomatic circles on the 
Continent that some ambassadors were inclined to see potential Rav- 
aillacs in every corner. 

This nervousness first revealed itself in France, where it was thought 
that the design resulting in the murder of Henry had also been directed 
against James, 'for otherwise whoever were the Authors of so damned an 
enterprise may well conceave that his Ma tle will never suffer such a 
deede unavenged both for his own interest and the conjunction of theyre 
affaires during his life ' 2 The refrain was taken up more positively by 
William Trumbull, who had succeeded Edmondes at the Archduke's 
Court. ' As the untymelie death of the French King hath losed the 
reynes of mens tongues and presented them an opportunity of shewing 
their affections, so the passionate and Jesuitted people of these partes 
doe not spare to make demonstration of their ill tallent both towards 
his Ma tie and your Lordship, there having of late been some speech 
among them (as I have understood by a friend) whether it were more 
convenyent to take away his Ma tles sacred person or your Lordships 
for the good of their affaires.' 3 

There followed more sinister news. In Holland. Sir William Browne, 
Lieutenant -General of Flushing, was informed by letter that ' the old 
traytor [Hugh] Owen with others his complices were now in England or 

i Gardiner. History of England, 11, p. T-j; see infra p. 227; ri.l'. Efrance. Vol. ">i!. fol. 154. 

2 S. P. France. Vol. 56. Beecher to Salisbury, May 5/15, 1610, fol. 71. 

3 S.P. Flanders. Bundle 9. Trumbull to Salisbury, May 16, 1610, fol. 368. 



uppon their waye to effect the death of our King.' 1 In Flanders it was 
not Owen but Baldwin and Gerrard who had left for England with this 
nefarious purpose in mind. 'So much bouldness in these branded 
traytors cannot proceed from any other cause then from an assured 
hope which they have of effecting some treason upon the sacred person 
of his Ma tie or nursing some unexpected rebellion in his dominyons.' 2 

With such ominous reports flowing into England, there was a general 
expectancy on the Continent of some dreadful calamity in that country. 
Within a few weeks after the murder of Henry IV, rumour obligingly 
provided Europe with a sensational story. 'If the reporte which was 
sent hether in great dilligence on Wednesday laste by the Governor of 
Dunkerk had proved true, that his Ma tie should have ben murthered 
by the hands of a carpenter as he was walking in a chamber to looke 
upon certayne newe buyldings, it would have afflicted his true allyes 
with as much sorrowe and lamentation as it could have comforted his 
fained friends with joy and contentment. But thanks be to God that 
this false alarme may serve us for a warning to be carefull of his safety 
at home and discovery abrode how much his heroycall vertues are 
esteemed, which even among this people (where the Jesuitts his capitall 
enemyes doe reigne) were able to cause his supposed death to be ex- 
ceeding much deplored.' 3 

The news of the alleged assassination of the King of England spread 
far and wide. 4 In Venice Sir Henry Wotton, the English Ambassador, 
mentioned reports from Antwerp that James had been shot through one 
of his shoulders with an arquebus by a carpenter who was working at 
Court. 5 The English Consul in Lisbon, Hugh Lee, wrote of the current 
rumour there that the King was dead either of disease or of 'bloody 
action.' 6 He also added the unpleasant information that amongst the 
inhabitants of that city, 'bets have been made that he would die on a 
certain day.' 

The alarm passed. James was alive, the relief of his subjects in- 
expressible. But one thing remained unaltered — the alertness of the 
English ambassadors to any whiff of rumour or suspicion that assassins 
thirsting for the King's life were on the prowl. They had some reason 
to exercise whatever powers of detection they possessed, for James's 
enemies, disappointed that the attack on him had been imaginary, still 
nourished hopes that he would meet the same fate as Henry IV. At 
least the Rector of the English College in Rome had done his best to 
revive their optimism by predicting that the King of England, like 
Queen Elizabeth before him, might be predestined to be announced 
dead prematurely in the actual year that would see him positively in 
his grave. 7 

From time to time the Earl of Salisbury, and even James himself, 
received solemn warnings to be on their guard. 'The Jesuitts of this 
Towne,' wrote Trumbull from Brussels, 'make incessant prayers for the 

i S.P. Holland. Vol. 67. Frier to Browne, June 3, 1G10, fol. 132. 

2 S.P. Flanders. Bundle 9. Trumbull to Salisbury, May 24, 1610, fol. 374. 

3 Ibid. Trumbull to Salisbury, May 23, 1610, fol. 370. 
* See infra p. 220. 

s S.P. Venice (S.P. 99). Bundle 6. Wotton to Salisbury, June 1/11, 1610, fol. 48. 

6 S.P. Portugal (S.P. 89). Vol. 3. Lee to Wilson, July 24/ August 10, 1610, fol. 140. 

7 S.P. Venice. Bundle 6. Everard to Wotton, October 7, 1610, fol. 89. 

CM— B 



prosperity of some great plott which they have upon the frame for the 
benefit of the Rom Religion. I cannott tell whether they meane their 
invincible league or the murthering of some other Christian Princes, but 
their particular spleene against his Ma tle is sufficiently expressed in 
their daylie invectyves and sermons which they fulminate against his 
proceedings. And to prevent the fury of these raveing woolfs, the good 
patriotts of this country doe hope his Ma tie will stand upon his guarde 
for the preserving of his sacred person from the danger of their con- 
spiracy es.' 1 From Naples Edward Rich sent a message in great haste 
to the King to forewarn him of a plot to kill him with, 'a russett sattine 
dublett and hose or jerkine and hose, which if he touches or receives he 
dies by poison.' 2 In Paris, Sir Thomas Edmondes, now ambassador 
there instead of Carew, caused an Italian to be arrested for allegedly 
claiming to be engaged in a murderous design against James. The fact 
that he had just returned from a pilgrimage to St. Iago de Compostello 
made him more suspect to Edmondes, as well as the fact that amongst 
his papers, 'there were found certaine Caracters to the which they doe 
ascribe the vertue of exempting those which weare them from perill in 
anie enterprizes.' 3 The French, who had lost a king by murder, were 
inclined to regard the man as a simpleton and a harmless bigot, but the 
English Ambassador was not quite happy with this verdict. 

It was inevitable, of course, that there should be some unsavoury 
characters about who would snap up the chance of making a profitable 
business out of the tender solicitude of James's subjects for their King. 
One such, Claude de Joubert, approached Sir Henry Wotton in Venice 
and told him confidentially that he had met a young English Jesuit 'of 
a desperat countenance', who had divulged to him his plan of returning 
to England to kill the King, and had shown him the dagger with which 
he hoped to dispatch James. Wotton pondered over the disclosure and 
finally decided to consult the French Ambassador, who promptly told 
him that the fellow was an impenitent scoundrel, living on his wits and 
on other people's gullibility. On this occasion his reward was to be 
thrown out of Wotton's house when he called with a request for money. 4 

(4) The Crisis in the King's Finances 

When Lord Harrington wrote to the Earl of Salisbury that, T know 
the King's occasions may urge your Lordship greatly to make money of 
anything fit to be sold,' 5 he was addressing his observation to a Lord 
High Treasurer whose resourcefulness in salesmanship of this kind was 
being severely tested. Since May, 1608, when he had assumed the 
additional burden of running the country's finances, Cecil had been 
battling against the extravagance of the King and his Court which his 
predecessor, the Earl of Dorset, had made little effort to control. That 
year had seen some improvement in the situation; at least, the King 
had been partially converted to his Lord Treasurer's point of view that 
the Crown's debts should not be allowed to accumulate beyond repara- 
tion. 

i S.P. Flanders. Bundle 9. Trumbull to Salisbury, October 3, 1610, fol. 417. 

2 S.P. Naples (S.P. 93). Edward Rich to James I, October 1, 1610, fol. 30. 

3 S.P. France. Vol. 56. Edmondes to Salisbury, November 27, 1610, fol. 369. 
* S.P. Venice. Bundle 6. Wotton to Salisbury ^ October 19/29, 1610, fol. 95. 

5 See infra p. 3. 



XIX 

The difficulty was to restrain James from intermittent lapses into 
prodigality. For one thing, he was particularly sensitive to what he 
considered to be his obligations towards associates and old friends, as 
well as to those who fortuitously, by word or deed, earned his com- 
mendation. To reward them was the most natural thing in the world. 
It was the duty of a king to do so; in fact, it almost amounted to a 
matter of honour to show his approval and appreciation in this manner. 
And James's concern for his honour was a positive obsession with him. 
It was shrewdly exploited by men like Lord Hay and Sir Robert Carr, 
who pushed the claims of their intimates and partisans on the King's 
bounty, and were rarely rebuffed. For the Lord Treasurer, on the other 
hand, it required delicate handling to effect a compromise between 
what James felt he owed to his friends and servants and what he un- 
questionably owed to his creditors. 

The King was sufficiently alive to the danger and disgrace of in- 
solvency, not only to place Cecil in a position of authority to deal with 
the problem, but to abide by his advice. To relieve James of the un- 
pleasant necessity of turning down appeals to his generosity, the Lord 
Treasurer made the thoughtful suggestion that tougher men than his 
Majesty should undertake that task for him. Some such action was 
imperative, for an intensive drive to recover money due to the Crown 
was encouraging a horde of claimants and suitors to believe that 
another happy era of royal indulgence was just round the corner. In 
February, 1609, a number of Commissioners, including the Chancellor 
of the Exchequer, Sir Julius Caesar, who supported Cecil's policy of 
financial restraint, were appointed to examine critically all suits; and it 
was made perfectly plain that until the King's considerable loans from 
the City of London and other quarters had been liquidated, any ill-timed 
or unjustifiable claims would receive a poor reception at their hands. 1 
In the following year, as a reminder that the King's hand was still kept 
on the plough of financial stringency, he was persuaded by the Lord 
Treasurer to publish a special declaration on the subject of his bounty, 
which was calculated to depress still further the hopes of those who 
looked to James for reward or remuneration. 2 

The Earl of Salisbury, however, saw no reason why the property and 
perquisites of the Crown, once they had been salvaged from the greed of 
courtiers and their dependants, should not be utilised to the best ad- 
vantage of the King. To place them on the market would bring them 
within reach of the wealthier rural and urban classes, the very people 
who had the desire and the means to acquire them, and who resented 
their wasteful exploitation and spoliation. There were arguments, of 
course, against such a disposal of Crown lands. Any substantial dim- 
inution hi then extent might result in a corresponding decline of Crown 
revenue, at a time when the King was still expected to live on and within 
his income. On the other hand, England's expanding trade, with a 
proportionate increase in Customs dues, might more than cover this loss. 
The Lord Treasurer took a hard look at the financial prospects on land 
and sea, and came to the decision that the determining factor in these 

1 See infra p. 22. 

- Akrigg op. cit. pp. 91-92; see also infra p. 290. 



XX 

calculations was the overriding necessity to stop the drift towards royal 
bankruptcy at all costs and by all means. 

In 1608 he had ordered a general survey of Crown lands, and the two 
succeeding years saw a fair amount of them transferred to private 
hands. Not the least important to exchange ownership in this way 
were the King's woods which were sometimes sold indiscriminately and 
with little consideration for aesthetic ill-effects and personal incon- 
venience. 1 Where local customs impinged on the King's ownership 
Cecil proceeded with moderation, 2 but it was not possible to avoid 
abuses of one kind or another, 3 and there were always local difficulties 
to impede the work of the Commissioners entrusted with the sale of 
woods. Nevertheless, when the Lord Treasurer reviewed the situation 
in January, 1610, he could congratulate himself on having cut by these 
means the King's debts from £597,337 to £300,000. 4 

In the matter of staking a claim for the Crown to a bigger share of 
Customs receipts, the Lord Treasurer found the farmers of the Customs 
quite amenable to proposals that they should pay higher rents. It was 
the least they could do in return for a governmental policy that shunned 
foreign entanglements as far as possible, and set a high priority on the 
peaceful development of trade relations with other countries. Despite 
depredations by pirates — their proliferation was a pointer to a steady 
increase in overseas trade — and the hazardous nature of some operations 
in certain states where religious bigotry was allowed to interfere some- 
times with normal commercial intercourse, English ships and factors 
were active from the Baltic to the Mediterranean. The wealth that 
poured into London from their multifarious activities reflected itself 
in the swollen Customs receipts and enriched the city enormously, 
although the monopoly which the capital gradually exercised over trade 
could be harmful to some other towns up and down the country. 5 Cecil 
tried to curb it a little by the foundation of his 'Burse' or Exchange in 
the Strand, which was designed to stimulate private enterprise in the 
city of Westminster. But as Lord Treasurer, he could not but welcome 
the circumstances which canalised overseas trade to London, thus 
bringing the bulk of the Customs within the reach and control of White- 
hall. By increasing the rents of the farmers of Customs and introducing 
new import and export duties, Cecil was able to divert some of the 
enhanced mercantile wealth of the country into the King's treasury. 

It was partly to ensure the availability of money for the King's needs 
(in the form of loans or taxation) that the Lord Treasurer revived 
former legislation which prohibited the export of English gold and 
silver coins beyond the seas. He had every justification for doing so, 
since speculation in them had become rife across the Channel. In 
Flanders, there was such an influx through Lille that even the peasants 
were able to pay their rents and dues in 'Jacobus peeces' of twenty 
shillings which had almost become the legal currency of that country. 6 
The circulation of English gold coin in France was quite as profitable 

> See infra p. 47. 

2 See infra p. 67. 

3 See infra p. 07. 

4 Akrigg op. cit. p. 92. 

5 See infra p. 42. 

o S.P. Flanders. Bundle 9, Edmondes to Salisbury, May 1<> and 24, 1609, fols. 254 and 259. 



to those who illegally conveyed it there, and, as in Flanders, it was 
employed in all sorts of payments and transactions. 1 In both cases, the 
gold and silver content of English coins was less adulterated than that 
of the local currency, and enjoyed a higher value. English prestige did 
not suffer by it, but English stocks of bullion did, and Cecil struck at the 
practice with his proclamation decrying, 'the industries and devices in 
the ordering of the mints of other States ... as an artificial engine to 
attract as well the gold as the silver of this realm into foreign parts in 
respect of the assured gain by the re-coinage.' 2 The only exception made 
to a general interdiction of export of gold was the limited transfer of 
money to Ireland, to furnish the plantation of Ulster with provisions and 
the means of defence. 3 

The Lord Treasurer's success in reducing the Crown's debts did not 
conceal the fact that the expenses of the King's government and his 
household were still running at too high a level. It was not entirely 
James's fault. If he had been able to recover the substantial loans 
advanced by Queen Elizabeth to the United Provinces and France 
during the 'troubles' in those countries, the Exchequer might well have 
been able to cope with the situation. But the assassination of Henry IV, 
and the reckless bribery of the French Princes of the Blood and nobility 
by the Queen Regent, had brought the French Treasury almost to the 
same point of exhaustion as the English Exchequer. As for the United 
Provinces' debts, estimated at over £800,000 in 1608, only a third or so 
of the £40,000 due to be repaid annually ever reached the King's 
pocket. 4 And yet his commitments were increasing and his revenues 
proving inadequate to meet them. Some of these were inevitable. 
When, in 1610, Henry, James's eldest son, was created Prince of Wales, 
it was not only the costs of the attendant festivities that the King had 
to defray, but the establishment which the Prince was expected to 
maintain with dignity and patronage. By the time James had allotted 
various sources of revenue for this purpose, he had curtailed his own 
income to the extent of £28,000 a year. Some counter-measures had to 
be initiated to rectify the imbalance, and it was in these circumstances 
that the Lord Treasurer thought of a scheme to stabilise the Crown 
revenues. 

What it amounted to was the convocation of Parliament and a 
proposal that, in view of the Crown's necessities and the economic 
difficulties it had to face, the nation through its elected members should 
be prepared to shoulder part of the burden by making an annual and 
permanent payment to the Exchequer. How the motion was submitted 
and the reaction it produced are described in a letter to Sir Ralph 
Winwood, then English Ambassador at the Hague. It was originally 
proposed that Parliament should grant an immediate supply of £600,000 
and an annual payment of £200,000, 'without which yt was made 
apparant the Crowne could not be supported. But how to raise soe 
large a contribution could not well be conceyved, without somewhat 
were offered againe by waye of retribution. Whereupon were proposed 

i S.P. France. Vol. 55. Carew to Salisbury, July 21, 1609, fol. 132. 

2 See infra p. 124. 

3 See infra p. 210. 

4 Do L'lsle and Dudley MSS. Vol. V. p. xxxviii. 



XX11 

the taking away of parveyance, the remytting of old debts from 7 of H.7. 
to 30 of the late Q, the release of penall statutes, confirmation of 
defectyve tytles and 6 others of this nature to treat of, and all this came 
from the Lords. The lower house seeing they were to furnish the money 
thought they might the better make choice of their merchandise, and 
therefore proposed to the Lords a desire they had to treat with the 
Kinge for dissolution of tenures and wardshipp by way of Contract, 
which was somewhat stood upon in regard of the profytt which out of 
that Court comes yerely to the Crowne, of honor which comes to the 
Crown by knights service and soe antient a tenure, of conscience which 
should tye the King to much caution in removing infants from the 
justice and protection of the Court to the discretion or indiscretion of 
prochain amy, and many more reasons pour enchérir la merchandise, but 
was at last freely assented unto by his Ma tie , for which yt was thought 
fytt by the Lower house presently to acknowledge thanks by the 
Speaker to the King accompanied with the body of the house, which 
was accordingly performed in the banqueting house at Whitehall.' 1 

So it seemed that what were undoubtedly public grievances would be 
eliminated to the profit of both parties, and be followed by a more 
desirable and better understanding between James and his Parliament. 
What in fact ensued were protracted and tortuous negotiations, which 
taxed Cecil's patience and skill to the utmost, and which revolved 
around the final sum to be agreed upon. The King felt that haggling 
was not consistent with his 'honour,' particularly as, in his opinion, the 
Commons were reluctant to pay an equitable compensation for the 
concessions which they themselves had stipulated, and which he was 
willing to yield. Finally agreement was reached and an annual 
parliamentary grant of £200,000 accepted as a fair and just indemni- 
fication. 2 But the whole plan miscarried at the last moment when, 
upon further reflection, both James and the Commons concluded that 
the other side had somehow got the better of the bargain. This and 
other demonstrations of refractoriness in the Commons led the King to 
dissolve Parliament, and the 'Great Contract' with its promise of 
financial and political equilibrium fell through. 

But it was not only James's finances that were affected by this 
failure. A shadow had also fallen on his relations with the Earl of 
Salisbury during the final session of Parliament. The Lord Treasurer, 
loath to see King and Commons at loggerheads over the 'Contract' and 
other controversial matters, had urged moderation and opposed a 
precipitate dissolution of Parliament, much to James's impatience. 
This had been the signal for some backstairs intrigues by those most 
economical in their appreciation of the Lord Treasurer, and who would 
have liked to foment suspicions in the King's mind as to the motives 
behind his policy. Cecil had felt impelled to write to the King to protest 
the sincerity of his purpose, and to comment aciduously in other letters 
on the attitude of some of James's officials towards him. James had 
replied in a conciliatory manner and reaffirmed his confidence in him. 
But there were also an implicit criticism of Cecil's handling of the House 



i S.P. Holland. Vol. 67. — to Wimvood, March. 1610, fol. 63. 
2 Akrigg op. cit. p. 93. 



XX111 

of Commons and its more unruly members, an open condemnation of 
his trust in Parliament, and an equally overt hint that since the Com- 
mons had rejected the Lord Treasurer's scheme of a mutual contract, 
it was up to him to extricate the King from the financial bog into which 
he was bound, as a consequence, to sink deeper. In a further letter to 
the Privy Council, also aimed at Cecil, the King used more vehement 
language in his fulminations against the Commons whose behaviour, he 
declared, had been tantamount to an assault on his regal honour. He 
castigated the councillors who had permitted an unprecedented effusion 
of bold and villainous speeches in order not to forfeit all hopes of a 
parliamentary grant. Since they too had failed to extract money from 
the Commons, the 'repairing' of the King's honour and of his finances 
was a concomitant task which they were expected to undertake without 
delay. 1 

Without hope of national assistance the problem of wrestling success- 
fully with a debt, which was gathering its strength to soar still higher 
from its present peak of £300,000, seemed insoluble. But the Lord 
Treasurer was already devising other schemes to replace the discredited 
'Contract', which he launched as expeditiously as possible in 1611. 
However even he failed sometimes to conceal the anxieties which were 
oppressing him, and nothing can better illustrate his frame of mind than 
the marginal comment he wrote on a despatch from Sir Thomas 
Edmondes in Paris. Edmondes had expatiated on the gloomy financial 
situation in France, and had described the despair of the Duke of Sully 
on his realising that expenditure was exceeding revenue by £400,000 or 
so. Knowing full well the potential wealth of France, Cecil scribbled 
reflectively (a sigh is almost audible!): 'If fowre hundred make a 
Treasurer in France startle, what may two do in England.' 2 



1 See infra p. 2(5(i. 

2 S.P. Franw. Vol. 56. Edmondes to Salisbury, Xovember 20, 1610, fol. 351. 



1 

CALENDAR OF THE 

CECIL MANUSCRIPTS 

PRESERVED AT 

HATFIELD HOUSE, HERTFORDSHIRE 



Sir James Deane and others to the Earl of Salisbury 
[1609 or earlier] — Are creditors of John Hunt, William Pointer and 
William Ne veil, who have obtained protection on untrue suggestions. 
Pray that the protections be not renewed, and that they may have 
remedy for their debts. Undated 
I p. (P.751) 
[SeeCal.S.P.Dom., 1603-1610,^. 162, 537.] 

Court Plate 
1608-9, January 1. 'A note of all such plate which was received from 
Mr Whitekers at Court at Newyearestyd last 1608 as followeth : 

Gilt Plate 
One ffaire Basen & Ewer frome Serjaunt Phillips wayinge 180 oz di. 
One ffaire standing Boule and Cover from Mr Atturney of the 
Wards 74 oz . 

One other ffaire standing Boule and Cover from . . . wayinge 63 f,z . 
One other standing Boule & Cover from Mr Spiller wayinge 59 oz di. 
[Marginal note: sould to Mr Prescott in liew of other plate bought of 
him]. 

One other standing Boule & Cover from Sir Henry Fanshawe 
wayinge 55 oz di. 

One other standinge Boule & Cover from the Bushopp of Winchester 
wayinge 39 oz . 

One standing Boule & Cover from the Warden of the Ffleete 
wayinge 41 oz di. [Marginal note: laid by for my Ld. Francis for y e 
like which was taken of her plate]. 

One standing Boule & Cover from the Bushopp of Durham wayinge 
33 oz . 

One Boule & Cover from Mr. Angell wayinge 16 oz qr. 
One Chaft'einge dyshe gilt wayght 61 oz 3 qrs. 

Whyte Plate 
One Basen & Ewer plaine frome Sir Francis Wooley wayinge 78 oz di. 
[Marginal note: this bason w* 48 oz di was sold to Mr. Prescott with 
an old ewer w* 18 oz qr, and y e new ewer was deliverd instid of y e 
old waving more by 12 oz than y e old ewer did]. 

One ffruit Dishe frome the Surveyor of the outports wayinge 
32 oz 3 qrs. 



One fyere shovell frome the farmor of the Sea Coalle wayinge 144 oz . 
And one paire of tongues wayinge 109 oz di. 
Theis are all entred in the plate booke. 
Endorsed: "Plate Received of Mr Whitekers from Court which was 
given to yo r Ho; at Newyearstyde last 1608." 1 p. (143 149) 

Thomas Wilson to the Earl of Salisbury 
1608-9, January 1. — Encloses letter from Mr Holt, Lancashire, as to 
a wardship. With respect to the charge of bricks at Hatfield. The 
intention is now to burn them with sea coal instead of wood. New 
Year's first night, 1608. 
1 p. (P. 2418) 

[Sir Thomas Edmondes] to [the Earl of Salisbury] 
1608-9, January 4. — Owen carried in the Spanish Ambassador's 
coach to the Court, at which our Ambassador took exceptions, and the 
Spanish Ambassador finding the gross error he had therein committed 
promised he would do so no more. Order for 300,000 crowns, part of the 
promised million: their allowance according to the rate of 100,000 
crowns by the month. Don Rodrigo de Flores, a Spanish captain, 
Knight of St Jaques, of the best estimation for his sufficiency of any of 
his nation at Brussels, slain by a porter as he pressed to enter in with 
other company to a marriage. 
Abstract (227 p. 355) 

James Hyll to the Privy Council 
1608-9, January 5/15. — -Meeting by chance the bearer hereof, the 
secretary of the company of Elbing, have I burdened him with these my 
lines unto your Honours. I have in three former letters given certification 
of my desires, as also did write of late unto his Majesty by one William 
Sorner, a Suff[olk] gent[leman], who gave himself here out for a knight, 
and for country's cause I did supply all his needful wants: but he 
contrary to all honesty sold these letters for 100 dollars to the Swedish 
Ambassadors, who then lay at the city of Wismer in Meakelburge, to 
entreat of divers controversies betwixt the King of Denmark and him. 
He invented many other forged letters that I held great correspondence 
with the King of Denmark and Duke Julricke, his brother, the Sweden 
enemies, and although these former letters concerned nothing the King 
of Sweden, only offering my service unto your Honours, if it was to 
aquit me of my rest which amounteth in the 17,000* [? 27,000 1 ], I know 
not, did King Charles openly aver the receipt of my letters, call me a 
traitor and seized all I had, and reported to all strange princes I held with 
those that were his greatest enemies, and hath written to Duke Charles 
of Meakleburge and Duke John they should arrest me. But they, having 
advices of my innocencv and perceiving the means hereby to cut off my 
rest, gave me free choice to stay or depart out of their land, either to 
serve them in that my wife is mistress of the maids to Duke John's 
princes. The loss of the 27.000 1 grieves me nothing at all. but the loss of 
my honour grieves me to the very soul, for in these 18 years' travels 
have I set my life to many adventures to enlarge the same. I have 



wished King Charles so much good as unto my own soul; and, my Lords, 
seeing the dishonour is not particular to me alone, but it toucheth the 
honour of my whole nation, is therefore my entreaty unto you to 
protect me as one of his Majesty's poorest vassals. I will stay here until 
Easter to see and hear what they can lay against my charge. Three times 
before was I committed and released, not finding the least cause against 
me; and although the King of Poland offered me 100,000 ducats to serve 
him, did I inform King Charles of the same, showing my fidelity. Al- 
though all my desires are to see my native soil, and serve mj r sovereign 
King in my old years, do I perceive poverty will hinder the same. And 
thus in haste I beseech your Honours to consider of these rude lines and 
maintain the honour of a soldier. From the city of Wismer in Meakel- 
burge, 15 January, 1609. 
Holograph Seal I p. (126 149) 

James Hyll to the Earl of Salisbury 
1608-9, January 5/15. — The bearer hereof, Thomas Lordinge, 
secretary unto the English company of Elbinge, travelling through the 
dukedom of Meakelburge, 'met I him by chance, could do no less, in 
regard I have made proof oft and many times before of his fidelity,' as to 
write to you. I entreat you to give him credit in that time will not 
permit me, and to grace me with your letters, after which received I 
shall be always ready hereafter to serve. From the city of Wismer. 
hastily, 15 January, 1608 [sic]. 

Holograph Seal \p. Endorsed: '15 Jan. 1608.' (126 150) 
The date of the letter has been altered from 1609 to 1608 

Middleton Mill, co. Northampton 
1608-9, January 9. — Certificate by Sir Robert Wingfield, Supervisor 
of the manor, and Edward Watson, Steward, as to the King's windmill 
in Middleton, co. Northampton. The mill was blown down on Christmas 
Eve last, whereby his Majesty's tenants in Cottingham and Middleton 
are forced to go to foreign places for their grinding, and the farmer of 
the mill is disabled to pay his rent. Some trees out of Rockingham 
Forest are prayed for to re-edify the same. The particular pieces of 
timber required in a mill are specified. 9 Jan. 6 Jac 1 . 
\p. (132 47) 

Lord Haryngton to the Earl of Salisbury 
1608-9, January 11. — I understand that a second commission of 
survey is directed forth to certify what timber and decayed oaks may 
be spared to be sold within the forest of Leighfeild. I know the King's 
occasions may urge your Lordship greatly to make money of anything 
fit to be sold, and I have no thought to hinder your purposes. The most, 
best and oldest timber trees in the forest stand in the coppices of late 
years sold, so as they cannot be felled without great hurt to the under- 
woods. The decaying oaks for the most part stand on the roads, which 
if they be felled Avail greatly deface the forest. The other trees within 
the quarters are so thinly set, as if many be felled it will greatly hinder 
the deer and not leave sufficient browse for them. Besides if vou sell 



the timber in Lawndwoods also (which is divided from the forest, but 
with a pale only), it will much hinder the sale of both, for the country 
will be soon glutted if there be sale in both at one time. From Kewe, 
11 January, 1608. 
Holograph \<p. (126 145) 

[Sir Thomas Edmondes] to [the Earl of Salisbury] 
1608-9, January 11. — The Spanish Ambassador, with whom Sir 
Thomas Edmondes had treaty, wondered that Don Pedro de Cunniga 
should so mistake himself, from whom they received the assurances that 
his Majesty would undertake the procuring of a simple truce, and said 
that it was muy ruincosa to be an Ambassador. The Archduke's con- 
fessor directed to treat in Spain with the Council of the Inquisition 
(called the Council of Conscience) to bring the King of Spain to join in 
the treaty upon pretence of advancing thereby the Catholic cause. The 
Spanish Ambassador of opinion his Majesty will never yield. Agreement 
of a meeting betwixt the Commissioners at Antwerp. A quarrel wherein 
all the Court was interested between the Count Octavio Viscount, chief 
Chamberlain in absence of Don Rodrigo de Lasso, and the Count of 
Brouay, premier eseuyer, taken by the Archduke; both Italians, there- 
fore irreconcilable. 
Abstract (227 p. 356) 



The Earl of Salisbury to Sir Henry Hobart 
1608-9, January 12. — Concerning Mr Kingsmill's lease of certain 
coppices in the forest of Chirk in Hampshire, and whether he has power 
to cut them down. The matter is referred to the Attorney-General for 
consideration. Whitehall, 12 January, 1608. 
Signed Seal \p. (126 147) 

John Jude to [the Earl of Salisbury?] 

1608-9, January 14. Understanding from Mr. Wright of the con- 
veniency of this conveyance for England, we could not omit to represent 
our duties to your Worship. 

There is not at this present any breath of news stirring in this Court. 
The confessor is not yet dispatched for Flanders, upon whose success is 
thought to depend the crisis of this great negotiation. 

Some few days since was an extraordinary presence at the Council of 
State, the King assisting in person. The general rumour sends a report 
that the session was about the affairs of Flanders, that 70 or 80 captains 
were appointed, some for Flanders others for the Indies. 

The complaints of merchants still increase. At present here is one 
Mr Pitts, brother to him of the Receipt, whose man is imprisoned and 
his goods embarked for bringing false brass money into these countries. 
The quantity of his goods amounts not to above 14,000 or 16,000 rialls. 
Two other merchants, John Elsey and Richard Bespicke, are imprisoned 
for the same matter and have goods seized to the value of 200,000 rialls. 
They are all, according to the declaration of Mr Pitts, most clear. 



My Lord [Cornwallis] opposes his authority in this business and we 
doubt not but to have present redress in the matter. Madrid, the 14th 
of January, 1608 sti. vet. 

PS. — By letters of December my Lord understands a prolongation of 
his stay for another year. Sir Anto. Sherley parted alone some six days 
since by one of the clock in the morning, no man knows whither. 

The Ambassador who has been here now some months in name of the 
Archduke Mathias was this last week admitted to his place in chapel 
and to the King's presence for Ambassador of the King of Hungary. 
Holograph \\pp. (194 107) 

Matthew Brunninge to Thomas Wilson 
1608-9, January 14/24. — Acknowledges his obligations to Wilson. 
Begs answer to his letters sent by Mr Adrian Tibault, and since by St. 
Seb n " [San Sebastian] of the 7th present. Will be glad to know how 
Wilson will dispose of him if my Lord [Cornwallis] stay another year. 
Fears Wilson is displeased with him, as he has not heard from him since 
July. Offers services. Madrid, 24 January, 1609 stilo novo. 
Holograph I p. (195 97) 

Sm Thomas Lake to the Earl of Salisbury 
1608-9, January 17. — I have nothing to trouble you with by com- 
mandant from his Majesty. Having the opportunity of this bearer, I 
thought it my duty to advertise you of the receipt of your letters 
yesterday about noon, and that his Majesty being made acquainted 
therewith was very well pleased with the apprehension of the party 
mentioned therein and with j^our vigilancy. I received at the same time 
direction from his Majesty for a bill to be made for 1000 1 to be given to 
one Benjamyn Rudiard out of his Majesty's moiety reserved upon the 
grant of old debts made to Sir Stephen Lesieur. The party in his 
petition had demanded 1500 1 , but his Majesty restrained it to 1000 1 . 
The suit, I perceive, was moved by my Lord Hay, and the reason his 
Highness delivered to me was that he had been with his Majesty in 
Scotland, and showed his good will in the Queen's time. The gentleman, 
I hear, is a follower of my Lord Lieles, and otherwise I know not. At 
the same time I received like order from his Majesty for a like grant of 
500 1 to Mrs Middlemore, one of the Queen's maids, at the suit of Sir 
Robert Carre, the King's Majesty withal giving many good words of her. 
I thought it fit to advertise you of these suits because I see they grow 
frequent out of opinion that there is a better order taken for the 
recovery of their debts than has been. My poor opinion is that his 
Majesty were remembered not to make them promiscuous to everybody 
that will seek, but to reserve his own moiety to such as he has more 
especial cause to respect, for that which has hitherto moved his High- 
ness to be so easy in making grants of those, has been an opinion that 
they were little profitable to the party. There be many here that are 
attentive to the begging of his Majesty's part, among others Sir John 
Drommond, who having a grant before of 3000 1 , with reservation of a 
moiety to his Majesty, now seeks that moiety also. From the Court at 
Royston, this 17 January, 1608. 
Holograph Seal \\pp. (194 108) 



6 

Lord Aubigny to the Earl of Salisbury 
[1608-9, January 18.] — His Majesty granted me by your favour a 
warrant for 1000 1 , which I have delivered to you. I have counselled 
with my friends to offer unto you such parcels as I have collected accord- 
ing to the tenor of the said warrant, of which I beseech you to give order 
to the auditor to deliver the particulars to you. I doubt not but that 
having examined them and found them to be within the compass of the 
warrant, you will be pleased to allow them. 

PS. — This bearer, Mr Hadzor, will inform you more particularly of 
that which I cannot nor dare importune you by my letters, being one 
whom I employ in this service. 

Holograph French Seal Endorsed: '1608' I p. (126 96) 
[See Cal.S.P.Dom., 1603-1610, p. 489] 

William Kirkham to Sir Julius Caesar 
1608-9, January 19. — My son came to me this morning and told me 
that he had been with you about the discharge and composition of my 
fine, and said that you would do nothing therein without my consent in 
writing under my hand. He was very importunate with me to write to 
you, and at his request I have sent you my letter by him. But since, 
having well considered what he should mean, and that you should do it 
rather upon some honourable respect and regard of me to refuse to do it 
without my consent, I have therefore presumed to trouble you with 
these lines thereby to express my thankfulness of your care had of my 
good, as also to beseech you to signify to me whether and whereupon it 
was that you did make that motion to my son of having my consent, 
lest my son might be drawn by some ill advice to do that which might 
greatly turn to my prejudice. I therefore beseech you that if you have 
any suspicion therein you will have that honourable care that nothing 
may be done therein but to my good and the working of my present 
enlargement, for I would be loath in these my aged years to subject 
myself to the servitude of my son. 19 January, 1608. 
Holograph Endorsed: '9 (sic) January, 1608. Mr William Kirkham to 
Mr Chancellor.' \p. (194 111) 

William Kirkham to Sir Julius Caesar 
1608-9, January 20. — Pardon me in being thus troublesome, but so 
great is my grief by these ever reviving troubles that neither day nor 
night I can take any rest until your Honour has yielded me some relief 
and comfort. Yesternight since I wrote to you comes Mr Herunden, the 
counsellor of Lincoln's Inn, to the Fleet, and told me that Sir Ro. Bevill 
had gotten a lease of my manor of Haddon in the county of Huntingdon, 
being the only thing by which I hoped to have redeemed myself out of 
prison. If it be true, I am past all hope to be redeemed out of prison 
without some honourable course be therein taken by your Honour and 
my Lord Treasurer. I therefore beseech you to move my Lord Treasurer 
and the rest of his Majesty's Council to grant a commission under the 
Great Seal to such as you shall think fit to make sale of my manor of 
Haddon, and thereupon to take order to satisfy unto his Majesty such 
composition and sums of money as my Lord Treasurer and your Honour 



have set down, and to call in my creditors and pay them such sums of 
money as shall be found to be justly due to them ; and that such lands 
and leases, goods, chattels and evidences as have been unjustly taken 
from me in these my troubles may be restored to me again. I fear if Sir 
Ro. Beavill prevail in his practice and course with my son, that they 
will work my perpetual restraint in prison and seek to defraud my credit- 
ors of their just debts, and in the end work the utter destruction of my 
poor wife and children. I find by my son that Sir Ro. Bevill has made him 
think evil of Sir Gregory Wolmer, whom your Honour knows has dealt 
most honestly, faithfully and earnestly with you in my behalf. Fleet, 20 
January, 1608. 
Holograph 2 pp. (194 112) 

The Isle of Man 
1608-9, January 21. — Receipt of Thomas Harvey for 1771 from the 
Earl of Salisbury for the use of the Earl of Huntingdon for certain profits 
for the Isle of Man. 21 January, 1608-9. 
\p. (206 48) 

Captain Gray to the Earl of Salisbury 
1608-9, January 22. — At Brussels I communicated the comportment 
and resolution of a certain gentleman, who then was to part from thence 
to this, to Sir Thomas Edmondes, Ambassador in those parts, who willed 
me to write the same to you with my own hand ; which immediately I 
set down in writing as it was, being of intention to have retained that 
and to send the true copy thereof to you. Which [I] reading before my 
Lord Ambassador, and presently would have copied it, he would not 
grant me so much time, because his packet was instantly to be closed, 
and your post ready to part. Wherefore I supplie [beseech] you to hold me 
excused for letting come to your view these blotted lines from my hand, 
as also my boldness in this present; for albeit the gentleman perhaps 
had no evil intention, the duty I owe to our King's Majesty and his true 
subjects makes me to be exceeding jealous of any private person that I 
know to haunt and confer with those that are his Majesty's and their 
suspected enemies as he did. My Lord, ever since I had the honour to 
kiss last his Majesty's hands, I have been 'empeched' by a certain familiar 
disease to me, that as yet I could not crave the honour to kiss your 
hands and require your commands. London, 22 January, 1608. 
Holograph Seal I p. (125 16) 

Sir Griffin Markham to the Earl of Salisbury 
1608-9, January 23. — I am desirous to be as little troublesome to you 
as my poor distressed estate will give me leave; but when I see my 
imminent ruin will speedily come if some compassion be not had, I am 
forced earnestly to sue. It is now going upon three years since I entered 
into banishment, since which time every year something has been 
wrested from me, yet I have said little and importuned less because I 
was loth to lay open in some that evil nature I was sorry to see in them. 
But now others perceiving how quietly I have hitherto suffered myself 
to be oppressed, begin to wrong me to the very consummation of my 



8 

ruin. One Mr Orrell, who has bought the wardship of my father-in-law's 
heir (as I am certainly informed), has inserted in a book, given by his 
Majesty, the portion due to my wife from her father, which without 
prevention will be my utter overthrow. My misery in this point is my 
absence, which gives advantage to everybody, and the world seeing no 
relaxation of my punishment, presumes still that anything whatsoever 
will be easily heard, any reports lightly believed, and any suit readily 
granted to my prejudice. To them, if I were present, I could answer 
enough; to the State I can plead nothing but sue for commiseration, 
which I beseech you with your mediation [to] further. I did mean 
before Christmas to become suitor to you to alter the seat of my 
banishment into Ireland; because then Tyrone's going to Rome and 
his public show of great hopes might give me an opinion to be able by 
such opportunity to do some service there, but then his journey being 
stayed, I forbore. Now Tyrone's journey begins again with his hopes to 
revive, and my friends summon me out of necessity to sue for some grace. 
Assist me with your favour to the altering my course of banishment, and 
I will endeavour by my service to make appear to the world that I 
remember my vows at the bar in such fashion as you shall have no 
dishonour, nor that grace his sacred Majesty has so mercifully bestowed 
appear unworthily given. Brussels, 23 January. 1608. 
Holograph Seal \\pp. (120 27) 

The Vice-Chancellor of Cambridge to the Earl of Salisbury 
1608-9, January 23. — Being by the providence of God and pleasure 
of the University chosen Vice-Chancellor for the remainder of this year, 
craves his countenance therein. Salisbury knows well how many crosses 
are wont to accompany this cumbersome office; his only comfort is he 
will be his servant. All his care shall be to keep all quiet for avoiding 
his Honour's trouble and the University charge, which (ever poor) is 
now poorer than ever by the death of Dr Soame, his predecessor, who 
having small living left but little, owed much to many and to the 
University very much, which they know not how to recover. This makes 
him send these letters without a bedell, which he hopes will be pardoned 
because it was heretofore commanded by Lord Burghley for sparing of 
the poor University purse. Cambridge, January 23, 1608. 
Sign ed: Thomas Jegon. I p. (136 193) 

The Earl of Salisbury to. Thomas Wilson 
[1608-9] January 23. — Grants him a commission for finding an office 
after the death of Robert Holt of Lancashire. 'Hasten my stairs and 
paving, and for any that will not conclude to have his shop built before 
''Shroftyde" 3 days, and pass his lease before the Monday after Candle- 
mas, I will not have him resolutely.' January 23. 
1 p. (P.2233) 

Lady Saltonstall to the Earl of Salisbury 
1608-9, January 23. — Was suitor to the King for his letters to her 
son, on behalf of herself and her children, which she understands the 



King has lately signed at Royston. Prays Salisbury to afford her the 
same letters under the King's Signet. Mincing Lane, 23 January, 1608 
\p. (P.1976) 

[Sir Thomas Edmondes] to [the Eael of Salisbury] 
1608-9, January 24. — The stay of the Confessor in Spain a sign of 
good news from thence, because it is thought his arguments have given 
subject of consultation, whereas if the King had rested peremptory in 
his former purpose there would then have come a speedy answer. 
Complaint that notwithstanding the Archduke's commandment the 
English Jesuits did plant at Watten. The Archduke hereupon wrote 
his letter to inhibit them, and refused to give allowance to a bull of the 
Pope's which the Jesuits had procured in their favour. The Archduke's 
letter Au Père, Provincial Florentinus ... A college of English Bene- 
dictines intended to be erected at Douai. 
Abstract (227 p. 356) 

Sir Francis Stonor to Lord Treasurer Salisbury 
1608-9, January 24. — Having finished the survey of his Majesty's 
woods in co. Oxon, I thought good with all speed to send you a particular 
of that which has been done since last term, having appointed my man 
to engross this latter part and to fix it to the former already in the 
Exchequer if you think fit. Vouchsafe remembrance of my suit and 
your promise for the farming of his Majesty's woods in this county 
mentioned in my letters delivered to you at my coming from London; 
which because they were of mine own surveying I beseech may be 
reviewed by some person whom you shall appoint. Stonor, 24 January, 
1608. 
Holograph Seal {p. (125 17) 

James Fitzgerald to the Earl of Salisbury 
1608-9, January 25. — I beseech you not to have so hard an opinion of 
me as to think that ever I would bear a hollow heart to my Sovereign 
King, to whom I owe all duty and allegiance of a subject. For any 
treason or a treacherous thought that ever I did bear to the crown of 
England by practice or words or by consent or otherwise, I pray God 
that if ever I did think upon any such, that He may make it manifest 
to the world with more torment than man can devise. And seeing my 
hard fortune was to meddle in this matter I beseech you pardon me, for 
that I being after the losses of my goods and having no means caused 
me to make at Tyrconnel for his help. And now I am where I have no 
friends nor acquaintance; unless you have compassion upon me I am 
utterly undone for life, for one penny means I have not. From Gate- 
house, 25 January, 1608. 
Holograph Endorsed: 'January 25, 1608.' I p. (125 18) 

William Hammond to Lord Treasurer Salisbury 
1608-9, January 25. — According to your commandment I have this 
day delivered to your servant the touchstone, in weight 20 tons and in 
number 82 great stones; which were but 79 as they were digged out of 

cm— c 



10 

the quarry, but by the negligence of them that brought them in using 
rotten ropes in the lading of them, three miscarried and were broken. 
Their bigness (some of them weighing 20 hundred, some 12, some 10 
hundred apiece) is an enemy to their 'brickelnes' if they chance to fall 
by not being carefully handled in loading and unloading. The carriage 
of them at this time of the year from the quarry to the waterside, up 
those steep hills they were to pass, was held a difficulty (till it was done) 
not to be overcome by the industry of man. They were shipped Decem- 
ber 4, and had been here before the time but for the foul weather. The 
freight, lighter and such like dues I have defrayed as my Lord com- 
manded. 25 January, 1608. 
Holograph Seal I p. (125 19) 

[Sir Thomas Edmondes] to [the Earl of Salisbury] 
1608-9, January 25. — No news from Spain of the King's resolution, 
though a courier came expressly with letters from the Confessor, and 
was in 1 1 days from Madrid to Brussels. 
Abstract (227 p. 357) 

R. Cocks to Thomas Wilson 
1608-9, January 25. — My last was of the 21st current enclosed to Mr 
Joseph Jackson, and sent by way of Bordeaux, wherein I advised you of 
the stay or embargo of the Rochellers' goods at Sebast and Bilbao by 
virtue of a letter of marque granted to a Spaniard against the Rochellers 
for a ship which was taken 3 years past. I have received this packet 
which goes herewith for my Lord of Salisbury and came from my Lord 
Ambassador from the Court of Spain, with directions to have it sent 
away with all speed possible. News we have not, only an Irishman 
arrived at Bilbao some few days past, and some six weeks since had 
departed out of Ireland. They report there were 3 or 4 Irish lords or 
gentlemen taken prisoner; and one Captain Terrill, an Englishman, 
escaped and fled into the woods or bogs with 500 rebels his companions. 
Bayonne, 25 January, 1608. 
Holograph I p. (125 20) 

Sir John Parker to Lord Treasurer Salisbury 
1608-9, January 26. — In discharge of my duty, and the rather because 
I conceive you would have the commission well executed, I am bold to 
deliver my conceit concerning commissioners. Mr Randall coming unto 
me, who this last summer was commended by your Honours in the like 
business, now ready to depart this town with commissions, I desired to 
see the commission for Cornwall, and have entreated his stay a few 
hours until your wisdom, who can best judge of my reasons, [and] your 
pleasure were known, whether best to hazard the commission or not. 
First Sir William Godolphin will not be in the country; Sir John Parker 
may well be spared and would gladly be absent if so please you; doubt- 
ful whether Sir Nicholas Prideaux will travel therein, because he is 
placed amongst the esquires; Peter Edgecombe long since dead; John 
Rashelay now High Sheriff. So that of eleven commissioners there are 
but 6 to be hoped for to sit on this commission, and if 3 of these shall be 



11 

let by sickness or other accident of necessity the commission must be 
returned, for under 4 nothing can be done. It is true these 6, five of them 
dwell 30 miles at least from Hilford where all the business in effect lies 
by reason that many pirates have had recourse thither these 4 or 5 years 
past, so that their age and disposition to travel so far may find some 
excuse. It is needful therefore, in my opinion, for the more sure execu- 
tion of this commission that at least 2 commissioners be inserted in the 
places of Peter Edgecombe and John Rashley. The gentlemen I think 
fit to be named are John Arondel of Trerise and Hugh Trevanion, 
esquires; both gentlemen that live with great reputation, very discreet 
and well disposed to further his Majesty's service, nearer unto the west- 
ern division than any of the five, and such as I think there can be no 
exception taken unto. This Thursday morning, 26 January, 1608. 
Underwritten: The Commissioners named for Cornwall. 

absent, Sir Wm. Godolphin 

Sir Reinald Mohan Knights 

absent, Sir John Parker 

Sir Anthony Rouse 

mort, Peter Edgecombe 

Richard Carew 
knight Nicholas Prideaux Esquires 

Tho. St. Aubins 

Richard Trefuses 
sheriff John Rasheley 

Gilbert Michell 
Holograph Seal, broken I p. (125 21) 

William Kirkham to Sir Julius Caesar 
[1608-9] January 29. — Is so broken with his long imprisonment that 
he would rather make choice of death than live any longer. Prays that 
he and his may be discharged 'of this great and unportable fine', and 
will consent to any composition or agreement that his Honour may make 
with his son. 29 of January. 

Holograph Seal, broken Endorsed: '29 January, 1608. Mr William 
Kirkham to Mr Chancellor.' I p. (194 115) 

George Storie to The King 

[1608-9, January 29] — The King's manor of Middleham, Yorkshire, 
has been dismembered by the granting away of all the parks, save one, 
in fee farm. If the King please to resume the castle and parks, there 
were not the like royalty in all the Northern parts. Prays that the con- 
sideration hereof may be referred to the Lord Treasurer. Undated 

Note by Sir Daniel Dun [Sir Daniel Donne] : that the King refers the 
petition to the Lord Treasurer. Dated the Court at Royston, 29 January, 
1608. 
lp.. (P.169) 

The Earl of Dorset to Lord Treasurer Salisbury 
1608-9, January 31. — The sickness of one of my son's principal coun- 
sellors at law, Sir Francis Bacon, who was best instructed in this business 



12 

of Sir John Leveson, in the Court of Wards, and the occasion of my 
sickness that I could not oversee the diligence of my solicitors as formerly 
I have done, brought to pass that the rest of my son's counsellors at law 
were very slightly informed in a matter of such weight and length as 
this is; which was the cause why I was a suitor to you, and still am, that 
the hearing of this matter may be deferred till the beginning of next term 
or the later end of this term. Sir John Leveson obtained the deferring 
of his cause against the King in the Exchequer for three terms together 
before my Lord died, only upon allegation that he was so much troubled 
about defending his petition, which was referred to the Council, that he 
could not well follow the other. My desire is only now that it may be put 
over for this one short term, or at least that it may be referred till 
towards the end of this term, that I may then yet have some time to 
inform my counsel the better. But yet I make my desire no other to 
your Lordship than with this my express meaning, that if in justice my 
request may not be granted, I had much rather my son's cause should 
receive a deep wound for want of a little time than your just proceedings 
be touched with the least aspersion for doing anything at my humble 
request contrary to the due course and orders of that Court wherein your 
Lordship sits so worthily, the principal judge; intending that my son's 
counsel shall be ready what day you shall prefix. From Dorset House, 
the last of January, 1608. 
Signed I p. (125 22) 



Sir Robert Wingfield to the Earl of Salisbury 
[? 1608-9, c January or February] — I am not able through want of 
health to wait upon you myself. The commission for Morhay is returned 
by the verderes into Mr Osborne's office and this enclosed, being a true 
copy of the same under Mr Osborne's hand, I send to you, being desirous 
to know your pleasure. I would gladly have the works finished before 
Mayday, the decays being so great now as the lawn and the forest are 
even all one. Sir Pexall Brocas lives and, I hope, towards amendment. 
The course about his business granted by you and the rest of the Lords 
of the Council before Christmas, he cannot pursue, unless he had been 
indicted, which makes the conspiracy. I think his adversaries will take 
away that objection, for as himself tells me, they purpose at this 
assizes at Wyncester to indict him. He seems to be brave, if deep and 
earnest protestations and oaths may stand for proofs. And yet he is 
much perplexed, which to my understanding a guiltless conscience 
needs not. He importunes me also to go down to be a witness how he is 
dealt with, or else he vows to disinherit his son. I beseech your advice 
in this point, which for your least trouble I may but understand by 
Mr Calvert, your servant. I would gladly do my best to keep him from 
wrong, but to countenance murder or any such crying sin, I hope I shall 
never consent unto. Yours Honour's poor kinsman. Undated. 
Holograph Seal Endorsed: 'Sir Robert Wingfield to my Lord.' 1 p. 
(128 97) 
[See Cal.S.P.Dom., 1603-10, pp. 473, 495] 



13 

[Sir Thomas Edmondes] to [the Earl of Salisbury] 
1608-9, February 1. — Two other couriers from Spain, but still delays. 
Abstract (227 p. 357) 

James Punsenby and others, inhabitants of the King's manor of 
Ravensworth, Co. Yorks, to the Lord Treasurer 

[1608-9, February 1.] — Complain that Felton, one of his servants, 
goes about to defraud them of their rights in certain grounds in the 
commons of Ravensworth. Particulars of the descent of the grounds. 
Pray for lease thereof. Undated. 

Note by Salisbury: referring the matter to the examination of Mr 
Baron Altham, 1 February, 1608. 
I p. (P.2036) 

The Lord Chancellor to the Lord Treasurer 
160S-9, February 3. — I return unto you herewith the Statute 19 H.7., 
and the note of the levying of the aid. The book for the annexation I 
have read, but am not yet ready to give you any account of it. I send 
to your Lordship also, I wot not what to call it, it was an idle tale, ill 
told, which you heard with much patience but not without weariness. 
It now comes to you, not polished nor adorned with rich furniture, but 
poor and bare as it was at the first. I pray you either look not on it at 
all, but cast it amongst your waste papers and leave it blattis et tineis, 
for it is worth no better; or if you vouchsafe to read it, read it with your 
wonted favour and help to excuse my faults and follies in it. This 
Friday morning, 3 February, 1608. 
Holograph \p. (194 116) 

The Earl of Salisbury to [Sir Thomas Edmondes] 
1608-9, [February] 4. — Touching Giron's negotiation at his leave 
taking with the King, in which he moved his Majesty to be a means to 
the States to procure a simple Truce. The King's answer set down in a 
letter to the Commissioners, whereof a copy sent Sir Thomas Edmondes, 
wherein he declared he would in no case interpose himself to that 
purpose. 
Abstract (227 p. 357) 

William Whelpdale to the Earl of Salisbury 
1608-9, February 7. — For warrant for timber from the King's park 
of Kirkoswalde, Cumberland, he being appointed to rebuild the Mote- 
hall in the town of Penreth, Cumberland. 

Note by Salisbury: requiring estimate, 7 February, 1608. 
Estimate follows. 
1 p. (P.506) 

Dr. John Richardson to Lord Treasurer Salisbury 
1608-9, February 8. — Expresses his great thanks for the many ways 
in which Salisbury has graced him, the many benefits he has bestowed 
on him, for which he has never failed to offer abundant prayers for him, 



14 

especially for his late appointment to Peterhouse College. Not to be 
tedious, prays to be counted amongst his innumerable servants. From 
St Peter's College, Cambridge, 8 February, 1608. 
Holograph Latin \p. (125 24) 

Jeffrey Davies to Lord Treasurer Salisbury 
1608-9, February 8. — The cause that moved me to solicit the suit for 
the establishing of the allowance for the leakage of the Spanish wines 
was the partial dealing of the collectors, who used favour to some and 
rigour to others, not answering with the good liking of his Majesty if he 
had known it, neither yet with your Honour in not redressing thereof, 
being made acquainted withal. And whereas you are given to under- 
stand that my private lucre moved me thereunto, I perceived wrong 
information takes deeper impression than any honest plain meaning. 
For I assure you I shall hardly recover one hundred pounds towards my 
charges in prosecuting that suit these twelve months, and yet I shall 
spend the one half thereof before I recover the other. The gains I shall 
reap will not answer the reproaches I have endured, if you knew all; but 
these be the days that honest men must undergo all with patience. 

About four months ago I put you in remembrance of a service I 
presented unto you in the late Queen's days, in the presence of Sir 
Thomas Gorge, being then to have had the book of rates for customs 
increased, wherein I spent both my money and travail; and you know if 
others had been as careful then for the Queen's profit as I was forward, 
the King might have found above forty thousand pounds in her Majesty's 
coffers more than he did find. But it was my hard fortune to reveal the 
matter then, and others to make use thereof afterwards. I hope, my 
Lord, you will not permit such a service to remain unrecompensed. 8 
February, 1608. 
Holograph Seal I p. (125 25) 

The Fellows of Peterhouse, Cambridge 
to the Earl of Salisbury 
1608-9, February 8. — It is a rule in morality, which admits no 
exception, that every benefit or good turn received requires the return 
of some kind office or respective duty to be performed by way of thankful 
acknowledgment; and surely it would be a great solecism in civility and 
a broad and wide breach of good manners in us if after so honourable a 
favour received from your Lordship, we should suffer the memory 
thereof to die with the deed and to slide away into silence without so 
much as a grateful commemoration and acknowledgment of the same. 
Whereas, therefore, it pleased your Honour of late, out of that prone 
and propensive nature unto good which hath ever showed itself in all 
your proceedings, at the petitionary letter of the Fellows of Peterhouse 
to have that favourable regard of us and to take that honourable care 
for us that by your good means we have not been pressed with any 
mandatory letters, but have been left to that elective freedom in the 
choice of our Master which the statutes of our house do give us; that 
we might not seem to desire liberty to abuse it, it hath been our en- 
deavour with the best conscience we could to keep us to the strict 



15 

observance of our statutes in this case provided, so that upon our 
nomination and presentation to the Bishop of Ely, our honourable 
patron and visitor, greatly both allowing and approving our proceedings 
herein, hath chosen and admitted to the place Mr Doctor Richardson, 
the King's public Professor of Divinity, a man of that eminent note for 
learning, of that wise moderation for government, and of that mean 
betwixt the opposition of extremes, that our election herein hath 
carried with it the great contentment and approval of the whole 
University. And our hope is that our allowable proceedings shall also 
receive your approbation which we much desire as by whose means it 
must be with all thankfulness for ever acknowledged we have been 
made so happy in our choice. And our humble desire further is that you 
would receive, with favourable acceptance, this slender testification of 
our thankful acknowledgment of your favour towards us as the best 
means we have to express the devotive affection of minds eternally 
bound in all thankfulness to your Honour. Peterhouse in Cambridge, 
February VIII, 1608. 

Signed: John Blithe, Leonard Ma we, Roger Derhame, Thomas Cordel, 
Robert Kidson, Walter Curll, Andrew Perne, Thomas Turner, George 
Banks, William Gibson, Thomas Love. 

Addressed: To the right honourable Earl of Salisbury, Lord High 
Treasurer of England and Chancellor of the University of Cambridge. 
Seal, broken \p. (136 192) 

[Sir Thomas Edmondes] to [the Earl of Salisbury] 
1608-9, February 9. — From Antwerp. The resolution come of the 
King of Spain's joining in the treaty. Order for 700,000 crowns, the 
rest of the million. 
Abstract (227 p. 357) 

Hugh Lee to the Earl of Salisbury 
1608-9, February 10/20. — He has been consul in this place more than 
three years without any allowance from the merchants, whereby he is 
greatly indebted. For remedy he asks that a small imposition should be 
levied upon all such prohibited commodities as shall be brought into 
Portugal from any part of his Majesty's dominions. He has related the 
matter more largely to Mr Thomas Wilson. Lixa, 20 February, 1609, 
new style. 
Holograph I p. (127 3) 

Sir Roger Aston to the Earl of Salisbury 
[1608-9, February] 10. — The enclosed letter his Majesty bade me send 
away with speed. As he doubts not you have received his letter by Sir 
Robert Douglas to be delivered to the Queen, so would he not have you 
to urge any answer but when it shall please her. I am commanded to 
let you know that they that are here are not altogether so mindful of 
their hunting and hawking as they will forget their great fortunes in 
the drawing of their Valentines, which was performed yesternight 
among 24 fair ladies, and others, although not of that rank, yet worthy 
the looking to; whereof Meuttas and Peggatt were two. His Majesty 



16 

thinks himself happy in his fortune, being the first that drew among so 
great a number, he drew your daughter-in-law, my Lady Cranborne: 1 
fearing your son should grow jealous if it should come to his ears, 
desires you it may be concealed from him. All is well, and we want but 
fair weather to pass our time upon the fields. Sir Noel Caron had access 
yesterday at length, and went after to Cammerich. His Majesty asked 
me this day whether I had written to my Lord Chamberlain about the 
running and the Venetian Ambassador. I told him I had, so that he 
looks my Lord will be careful of it, for so I assured him. Rostorne, the 
10th. 
Holograph Endorsed: '1608.' (195 70) 



Writ of Prohibition 
1608-9, February 12. — Writ of prohibition to Robert Redmayne on 
the showing of Henry Moore and Richard Burward of Cookeley, co. 
Suffolk, with respect to certain customs of tithing which obtained within 
the said parish from time immemorial. Notwithstanding, one William 
Martyn, rector of the said parish, has impleaded them in Court Christian 
contrary to the Statutes therein made and provided. Stay of proceedings. 
Dated at Westminster, 12th February in the sixth year of the King's 
reign, 
lw. Mutilated (221 24) 



Matthew Brtjning to Thomas Wilson 
1608-9, February 12/22. — Your letters would be welcome to me, not 
having since the 2nd of July received any from you. I hope by Mr 
Tibaulles (whose return we shortly expect) to receive news of your 
health. What has of late befel to Mr Osely through his own much in- 
discretion, the bearer can inform you. I am sorry for his mishap, that 
having been here employed as my Lord's secretary these three years 
and more, he should now so far forget himself as to raise so incredible a 
slander of his Lordship as to say he is the King of Spain's pensioner. 
He may well be thought to be scarce in his right wits. Yet it stands not 
with his Lordship's honour to let such a public slander pass without due 
chastisement of so notoriously envious a slanderer. The words are 
denied of the accused, though I fear at last they will prove too true, 
which will be a very hard sentence for him, for small satisfaction cannot 
right my Lord, though of himself he is very compassionate and merciful. 
The Constable is now no small joyful man, being blest with a son, and 
great joy was made here of all the people, the great ones making feasts 
and shows. The King, Queen and Duke are at present at the Pardal. 
All other things the bearer, Mr Henry Palmer, can inform you of. 
Further him in the reward of his packet he brings from my Lord. 

The enclosed is for 'yrso vmafm' [? yourself]. Madrid, 22 February, 
1609, stilonovo. 
Holograph Endorsed: '22 Feb. 1608.' I p. (127 1) 



1 Viscount Cranborne was married in December, 1G08. 



17 

Matthew Bruning to his mother, Mrs Mary Bruning, 

or in her absence to his cousin, Mr Nicholas Perkins. 

For 'yrso vmafm+' [? yourself] 

1608-9, February 12/22. — Expresses his duty to her and Perkins. 

I wrote to Perkins last month by Captain Thomas Anderson. Since 
then from Lorayne is here arrived an ambassador, 1 as is reported, to 
congratulate the young Prince's oath and homage that this last year 
was done him, with other ceremonies, if other be his pretence. It seems 
his ambassage 1 is of [MS torn], for he is now taking his voyage to Lisboa. 
on pleasure to see the country. Thence he is determined to return to 
Sevill, and in Andalusia to furnish himself with choice gennets. He is 
said to be an earl. He is of good presence, himself and his followers in 
mourning apparel, and they mourn for the death of their old 'zskm' 
[? ruler]. Visits have been interchanged between him and all the 
ambassadors. 

On the 8th present was born to the Condestabile of Castile a son, not 
without great comfort to the father, and great rejoicing of the King and 
all this county. The Sunday following all the 'grandes' and nobles kept 
great feasts in honour thereof. [Details follow of the festivities.] 

Dr Osely, of long time my Lord's secretary, who has used large words 
that touch my Lord's honour, was on the 11th present sent to the 
prison, where he remains, protesting never to have thought, much less 
spoken, any such thing. He has endured great misery in irons. It will 
go ill with him if my Lord help him not, for some Spaniards lay for- 
feitures of hundreds of ducats upon him. He has prayed my Lord to be 
sent prisoner to England to answer the allegation. My Lord is deter- 
mined to take his bond and one surety for his appearance before [MS 
torn] Council. 

Alcalde Marcos that was lately ban[ished] is now re[turned] to his 
'varra' again, not to stay there but only for a little to restore him to 
some favour, because he should not be altogether affronted; and the 
Council is determined to send him shortly to some cargo at some haven 
town, where the disgrace shall not be so notorious. 

Good cousin, let me understand of your good acceptance of my lines. 
I sent to you by Mr Tibaulles and Mr Henderson. 

The King at present is at the Pardo. All things here of news very 
cold, and the weather extreme sharp. Madrid, 22 February, 1609, stilo 
novo. 
Holograph Endorsed: '22 Feb. 1608.' 2 pp. (127 2) 

John Jude to Thomas Wilson 
1608-9, February 13. — -Since the departure of Captain Henryson, by 
whom I wrote unto your worship, my Lord has received the long looked 
for news of his appointment to return about August next. If that 
resolution continue firm, the time will not now be long before I see 
myself happy to be retained in your service, which I have propounded 
to me as the principal end of the travail and time I have spent in this 
place and country. 

i In cipher. 



18 

The Constable of Castile has lately had a young heir born to inherit 
his dignities and possessions, for which there has been no small rejoicing 
on all sides. The noblemen and courtiers appareling their joy in the 
gallantest bravery concluded that feast with maskarados at courts and 
encamisadas about the town. Here is another much spoken of and 
intended before Lent with running of bulls and play of canas pretended 
to be for love of the Duke of Sea (eldest son to the Duke of Lerma), 
whose lady has been within these few days likewise brought abed. 

Here has been some good time an extraordinary Ambassador from the 
Duke of Lorraine, who mourns for the death of some prince of that 
house, as is said of the old Duke. 

The King and Queen are at present at the Pardo. 

My Lord these two days has been very evil disposed in his health, but 
now is somewhat amended. The difference between his Lordship and 
Mr Ousley, Mr Pitts, my Lord's agent there, to whom I have sent all the 
particular papers about that business, will, I know, at large inform you. 
Madrid, this 13 of February, 1608, sti. vet. 

PS. — Here is speech that the Duke of Savoy will shortly be here in 
person. His last Ambassador, who has been here some two months, is 
now upon his journey homewards as is reported about the town. 
Holograph I p. (194 117) 

[Sir Thomas Edmondes] to the[ Earl of Salisbury] 
1608-9, [February 15]. — From Brussels. Don Fernando Giron re- 
turned. He makes the best reports that may be of his Majesty's 
princely dealing and favourable usage of him: and in the business did 
treat with him como principe verdadero, who hath nothing else but 
sincerity in him. 
Abstract (227 p. 351) 

Sir Roger Wilbraham to Lord Treasurer Salisbury 
[1608-9] February 15. — It pleased his Majesty to read all your letter 
to the last syllable. Touching Mr Dutton, I told his Majesty he was now 
rid of a suitor, wherewith he seemed satisfied. Your news of the great 
monarch that 'falls' his sails his Majesty laughed at, telling my Lord 
Hay and Sir Robert Carr that he would never imitate him, that after so 
long insistance would now relinquish his honour and save his profit in 
the Indian treasure. His Majesty hopes you will not be afraid of the 
squadron, and willed me to write that he wished you had chosen Tuesday 
for the day of the combat, for that was ever a fortunate day for his 
Majesty; and the conclusion was very acceptable to him. When I 
presented this proclamation for preservation both of his Majesty's and 
his subjects' woods, 1 his Highness called to remembrance some part 
thereof; and in the signature said you were a man that in all your 
proceedings respected honour more than anyone that ever he knew. 
Upon what occasion he spake thus I made no conjecture nor question, 
but it rejoiced me much to hear his Majesty's most benign interpreta- 
tion of all your endeavours. At the court at Royston, 15 February. 
Holograph Seal, broken Endorsed: '1608.' \p. (125 29) 

i See Cal.S.P.Dom., 1603-1610, p. -lit I. 



10 

Viscount Cranborne to the Earl of Salisbury 
[1608-9] February 15/25. — Apologises for not writing before, which 
was because he sat up somewhat late at the ballet of the Queen, and 
because he learns to write a new hand. Thanks him for his fatherly care 
and favours, and for the last token of buttons he sent him. He is in good 
health and following profitable studies. Paris, 25 February, stilo novo. 
Holograph Endorsed: '15Fev. 1608.' I p. (228 24) 

[The Earl of Salisbury] to [Sir Thomas Edmondes] 
1608-9, [February] 17. — In favour of Henrick Hoens, merchant at 
Antwerp, to have pardon for trade in the Indies, to which purpose the 
Q[ueen's] letter to the Infanta 'I do only recommend it to you to use 
your best dexterity, observing still the limits wherein Princes' desires 
must walk, and in cases just and reasonable remain as well satisfied with 
a denial as with a promise.' 
Abstract (227 p. 357) 

Sir Amy as Preston to the Earl of Salisbury 
1608-9, February 17. — Has a weak and feeble body through a long 
and sharp quartern ague. Mr Dean of Rochester has made a late sale of 
six hundred elms in grounds next adjoining to the harbour at Chatham, 
where his Majesty's navy lies, all of them being very fair young trees 
and such as might within few years have proved meet for his Majesty's 
provision. Their present values are not great. It seems a strange prec- 
edent for a man of his sort, who though he has in law, in right of his 
deanery, a kind of freehold, yet might have forborne such an improvi- 
dent course for example sake. Has heard that Bishop Elmer once went 
about a like attempt at Fulham in her late Majesty's time, but received 
both countermand and check. Submits to his wisdom what seems meet 
to be done. This 17th of February, 1608. 

PS. — I have been very careful for the preservation of them this nine 
years, and so was my predecessor before me, in regard they were grown 
upon my own land at Freindsbury. 
Signed Seal I p. (194 119) ' 

The King to the Earl of Salisbury 
1608-9, February 18. — We have perceived by a certificate made unto 
you by the Master and Lieutenant of our Ordnance that they have found 
it to be more for the ease of our people, and no less serviceable for us, to 
take into that office such carriages and other wheelers' work as are need- 
ful for our store by contract at certain rates and prizes (prices) ready 
made than by way of purveyance as heretofore hath been used : and 
that accordingly they have made bargain with the purveyor and master 
wheelwright of that office for the furnishing of our store; and that since 
the master wheelwright hath made suit to be permitted to take out and 
use so much of the same timber as he shall have cause to use for our 
service, upon sufficient security to be given by bond to our use, to supply 
the store again from time to time with the like quantity of good and 
serviceable timber as he shall take out within twelve months next after, 
notwithstanding that by the long hang there it doth appear that some 



20 

of the timber is decayed, and much of it inclining to be worse, and by 
this means it may be wrought out while it is serviceable, and new timber 
(more fit for continuance) be put instead thereof, so as the store there 
shall be maintained without further waste to us. Which offer of the 
master wheelwright we do very well like of, and therefore do require you 
when certificate shall be made to you by the Master of our Ordnance or, 
in his absence, by the Lieutenant and other officers there, of any quantity 
of timber remaining in our store which the master wheelwright shall 
desire and what security they shall have taken of him for the supply of 
our store with like quantity within one year's space with new and service- 
able timber, if the exchange be such as you think reasonable and indif- 
ferent for us, that you give warrant to the Master and other officers of 
our Ordnance whom it shall concern to deliver to the master wheel- 
wright such quantity of timber as shall be so agreed for, upon such 
security as is before mentioned. Given under our Signet at our Palace of 
Westminster, the eighteenth day of February in the sixth year of our 
reign. 
Sign manual Seal l^pp. (125 30) 

John Sigismund, Margrave of Brandenburg to King James 
1608-9, February 18. — You are aware of the disasters caused to the 
Duchies of Juliers and Cleves by the war in the Low Countries. My 
rights over these Duchies through my wife and children, and my concern 
for the welfare of Christendom and the countries bordering upon these 
Duchies, make me desire that now that peace is to be concluded in the 
Low Countries, my title to the Duchies should be guaranteed at the 
same time. The King of Denmark is ready to concur in this. 1 hope that 
your well known justice and love of peace will lead you to do the same, 
especially as the King of Denmark has told me of your affection towards 
me and Brandenburgh. I should have enclosed a statement of my claim 
to these Duchies had there been time to do so: and I will shortly send 
you a full statement of the case. In the meantime, I would beg you to 
instruct your Ambassador to the Low Countries to treat of this matter 
with my envoy, the Baron de Beth, and with the Ambassadors of France, 
Denmark and the Palatinate. Zechlin, 18 February, 1608. 
Signed Latin 4 pp. (134 120) 

The Privy Council to [Sir Thomas Edmondes] 
1608-9, [February] 19. — In favour of one Thomas Alberz. merchant. 
Abstract (227 p. 357) 

Thomas Marshall to the Earl of Salisbury 
1608-9, February 19. — The service by you commanded about Hert- 
ford Castle is effectually performed and ere this had been presented unto 
you, but that I have a further desire to show you what time and art have 
wrought in me, which is the cause of stay until Tuesday or Wednesday 
morning next, at which time Mr Basjdl and myself have appointed to 
attend you with it. Upon sight whereof I rest assured you will think it 
fitting the gatehouse stand, which is in good repair, consisting of ten 
rooms, and a fit repose for a gentleman, elsewhere seated, for the summer 



21 

time. My suit is that you would think me worthy to be his Majesty's 
tenant thereof at a reasonable rent, in respect it were a fit place for my 
remove, being now seated altogether in London, in my native country 
and near the place of my birth. Besides, if hereafter you shall find me 
'fidelious' and worthy to be employed by you, it is near to do you all 
faithful service. What service of late I have done to his Majesty in 
things of their kind is partly known to you, and not long since to my 
great grace by you published. In recompense (as yet) no more but your 
favour, which I better esteem than others do coin. If already you have 
passed your promise for this small thing, let me entreat you to deal with 
that party that I may give him recompense and have it. 19 February, 
1608. 
Holograph Seal, broken \p. (125 31) 

[Sir Thomas Edmondes] to [the Earl of Salisbury] 
1608-9, [February] 22. — The Confessor returned: much commended 
for his negotiating, yet his hope was as the physician's that comes in the 
crisis of his patient's sickness. His stay so long to no other purpose but 
to value the reservedness of Spain. 
Abstract (227 p. 357) 

John Ferrour to the Earl of Salisbury 
1608-9, February 24. — After I had made known unto you my suit for 
the stewardship of the young Prince his Highness's manor of Chelsmore 
in Coventry where I live, I went according to your direction to Mr 
Newton, his Highness's tutor, to crave his furtherance; by whom I 
understood how much I am bound to you for your word. For he told me 
you had that day spoken to him on my behalf, that my suit might gain 
the better acceptation with the Prince. I then acquainted Mr Newton 
with a petition which after his perusal I delivered to the Prince. Mr 
Newton, as he told me the next day, did effectually second it, and has 
put me in comfortable hope and almost assurance of obtaining if his 
Highness keeps the royalties in his own hands, as I hope he will, howso- 
ever he shall dispose of the demesnes. Only he told me that as yet the 
citizens, though by petition they had submitted themselves and their 
estate in the manor to his Highness's pleasure, yet there was no judg- 
ment entered upon the Scire facias for seizure, and till then no grant of 
the stewardship could be passed unto me: and therefore he wished 
me to rest in hopeful expectation of good event. My hope is the more in 
regard of that bonum omen, that it was my hap by mere accident and 
not by choice to present my petition to his Highness upon his happy 
birthday. And howsoever the event prove, your speeches to myself full 
of hope and grace when I made known my suit, and your after speaking 
to Mr Newton on my behalf, have redoubled my assurance of your 
favour, and my desire even with the hazarding of my best blood to do 
you service. Coventry, 24 February, 1608. 
Holograph Seal fp. (125 33) 

Captain Gray to the Earl of Salisbury 
1608-9, February 24. — Finding himself grievously oppressed by 
extreme necessity, sends these lines 'regraiting' his misfortunes. Seeks to 



22 

his Lordship to 'soulage' his discontents; when he assigns any time 
convenient will be as happy as glad to kiss his hands, by whose dis- 
cretion he is assured of comfort. 24 February. 1608. 
Holograph Seal \<p. (125 34) 

The King to Sir John Herbert, Sir Julius Caesar, 
Sir Thomas Parry and others 
1608-9, February 28. — We did of late for the ease of our Council and 
furtherance of the suits of our servants direct our letters to our Chief 
Justice of our Bench and of our Common Pleas and Chief Baron of our 
Exchequer and others, authorising and requiring them to spare some 
time to attend unto the examination of such suits as we should refer 
unto them, and thereof to certify their opinions unto us. Forasmuch 
as we find that neither can the said Judges well attend unto business of 
that nature in regard of their other occupations, and oftentimes are out 
of the City in their circuits or for other cause, so as our servants are 
disappointed: we have therefore for the better ease of such of our 
Council who, in regard of their place and nearness to our person, are 
oftentimes so occupied in the affairs of greatest moment of our Estate, 
as they cannot attend the care of private suits, made choice of you our 
Second Secretary, our Chancellor of our Exchequer and of our Duchy of 
Lancaster, and associated to you our Serjeants, our Attorney and 
Solicitor General and the Recorder of our City of London, being likewise 
of our counsel learned, the Chamberlains of our Exchequer, and a Clerk 
of our Council and of our Signet, and do purpose to refer unto your 
considerations the suits and petitions of divers natures which many of 
our servants and subjects do exhibit to us, on whom in cases reasonable 
we are willing to confer favour and bounty. For as no sovereign can be 
without service nor service without some reward, so we confess that no 
prince is more desirous than we are to reward the merits of our servants 
and subjects in things that might be fitting for us to give, and not 
prejudicial either to the body of the revenue of our crown (which we will 
in no sort impair) or to our posterity, to whom our desire is to leave 
means to maintain the dignity of their estate in no less honour and 
magnificence than our progenitors, Kings of this realm, have held. 
Wherefore, for that we consider few things of that kind can fall in to 
any man's conceit of which you, by reason of the long practice you have 
had with our people and by your knowledge of the laws, cannot better 
judge than any other either how they may hurt our revenues, stand with 
the common good of our subjects, or be agreeable to our laws : and our 
pleasure is that you shall agree among yourselves of some convenient 
times once or twice in the week, and of place where you or some of you 
may meet and where the suitors may attend you; and when you have 
maturely considered of those things whereof we shall make reference 
unto you certified by those ordinary Ministers that attend our person 
abroad, as namely by the Masters of Request and the substitutes under 
our Principal Secretary, from whose hands all bills are presented to our 
signature, or from our Privy Council at London, and resolved how far 
forth and in what sort they may in your judgment be convenient to pass 
or not, you shall make report of your judgments in writing either to our 



23 

Privy Council as the cause requireth, or to the persons aforenamed who 
always follow our person (that we may upon sight thereof proceed 
further as we shall see occasion) under the hands of four of you at the 
least (whereof one of you of our Privy Council and one of our said counsel 
learned to be always two), and in cases touching our lands and revenues, 
you our Chancellor of our Exchequer to be always one. And as our only 
scope herein is to ease our Privy Council in some part of the time which 
otherwise they should spend therein from our greater affairs, and partly 
to facilitate our own judgments of those suits when they shall be truly 
opened to us by persons of your knowledge; so are we to give you this 
caution, that in case you shall perceive these suits are any way derog- 
atory to those natures of suits which we left to be ordered by our 
principal commissions for our use, that you allow of none of those: for 
which purpose, you our Attorney and Solicitor may do well at your 
first assembry to acquaint the rest how those commissions stand. By 
which means, especially being such as do belong to us de jure Corone, and 
not by pressing upon penal statutes (which being otherwise pursued 
than by the laws are directed, prove full of clamour and oppression) we 
have resolved to raise, if it may be, some means for supply of our debts, 
and therefore cannot give way to any suit that may entangle general 
commissions and projects for some reasonable time only until we shall 
have discharged the same, especially our two great loans from our 
farmers of our customs and our City of London, and the privy seals 
borrowed from our particular subjects, whereof a good portion is 
unpaid. Given under our Signet at our Palace of Westminster, 28 
February, in the sixth year of our reign. 

Sign Manual Seal Endorsed: '1608. 28 February. His Majesty's letter 
to Sir John Herbert and others, being appointed by his Majesty to be 
commissioners for suits.' 
\\pp. (125 35) 

Sir Rafe Boswell to Dr Melborne 
[1608-9, February] — By these you shall understand yesterday at 
afternoon according to the conference with Christopher Parkins, etc., 
(sic). Besides I must tell you the Archbishop of Canterbury resolved 
to try the validity of our letters patents; whereof Sir Christopher did 
faithfully assure me, and which I understood likewise from many others 
nearest to my Lord's grace. Whereunto I presume his Lordship might 
be the rather encouraged in regard of the late high grace showed to him 
on Sunday last at Whitehall before the King, where the Prohibitions 
were debated by the common lawyers. There the Lord Cooke humbly 
prayed the King to have respect to the common laws of his land, etc. 
He prayed his Majesty to consider that the ecclesiastical jurisdiction 
was foreign. After which his Majesty fell into that high indignation as 
the like was never known in him, looking and speaking fiercely with 
bended fist, offering to strike him, etc.; which the Lord Cooke perceiving 
fell flat on all fours, humbly beseeching his Majesty to take compassion 
on him, and to pardon him if he through zeal had gone beyond his duty 
and allegiance. His Majesty not herewith contented continued his 
indignation, whereupon the Lord Treasurer, the Lord Cooke's uncle by 



24 

marriage, kneeled down before his Majesty and prayed him to be 
favourable. To whom his Majesty replied, saying: What hast thou to do 
to entreat for him? He answered, In regard he hath married my 
nearest kinswoman, etc. (sic). 

Copy, apparently of certain passages in the letter only. Endorsed: 'Sir 
Rafe Boswell to Dr Milborne. February, 1608.' %p. (126 36) 

William Anees to [the Earl of Salisbury] 
[? 1608-9, c February]— Since the farming of the pre-emption of tin 
to the merchants, although in time of glut they sold him 4000 1 worth, 
yet since the venting of the glut they have refused to sell him one block, 
purposing to ship it over themselves by covert means. Details the 
excuses the merchants make for their proceedings, and replies to them. 
Their malice proceeds from their knowledge, through Sir Richard 
Smythe, of his having informed Salisbury of their great game, and of the 
worth of the commodity beyond seas, and his endeavouring to procure 
the King to resume the same into his own hands. He has spent long 
travail and great charges in the matter, upon the late Lord Treasurer's 
promise that he should have 1000 1 recompense; wherein the King not 
only gained 1500 1 by fines in the Star Chamber, and the yearly revenue 
now answered, but may gain 10000 1 more by the pre-emption and 
imposition, as the commodity beyond seas will bear it. Yet he has 
never received any satisfaction. Begs for a pension out of the business 
of tin. He makes no doubt, when the pre-emption is in the King's 
hands, to gain him 12000 1 a year. Undated. 
Holograph Endorsed: '1608.' 2 pp. (195 65) 
[See Cal.S.P.Dom., 1603-10, p. 490.] 

Mary Pheltps to the Earl of Salisbury 
[1608-9, c February] — Prays to have the inoiety of arrears of two 
annuities granted to her husband, Thomas Phelips, now prisoner in the 
Tower for two years past, by the late Queen, which have remained 
unpaid because of his debt to the King. Undated. 
I p. (197 41) 

[See Cal.S.P.Dom., 1603-10, p. 490.] 

Memorial to the Earl of Salisbury from Thomas Phelippes to the same 
effect as the foregoing . Undated. 
I p. (197 42) 

Mr Michell 

[? 1608-9, c February.] — Some behaviour of Mr Mytchell in Italy 
whereby he rendered himself suspicious in all places where he came. 

(1) At his first arrival at Liusino and Pisa he changed his name, 
calling himself by the name of Windsor, and having cause to speak of 
some noblemen of England in his discoursing among our merchants, he 
familiarly termed them Tom, Jac and Will, as if he had been their 
companion: insomuch as many of our merchants that had lived long 
abroad were of opinion that he was the Lord Windsor disguised, until at 
length (discoursing of his employments) he vaunted that he had been 
secretary to seven Councillors of State: whereupon some one of the 



25 

merchants remembered to have known him about Mr Secretary Walsing- 
ham, and discovered him to the rest. 

(2) He passed by the same name at Florence where he addressed 
himself to Mr Young the merchant, factor at that time for Sir Bap. Hicks. 

(3) At his coming to Rome, which was in the time while myself and 
the gentleman that I accompanied were at Naples, he addressed himself 
to Mr Nich. Fitzherbert, enquiring what English travellers were in town, 
and having been told that most were gone, saving we that were at 
Naples, whom Mr Fitzherbert said he daily expected to return, he then 
earnestly conjured Mr Fitzherbert not to make his being in town known 
to any of us, and especially not to Wyllis: whereby he gave suspicion 
that his coming was to observe me, or feared that I would do the like by 
him. 

(4) He lodged in the most obscure places of the town, and every 
foot changed his lodging. 

(5) Being desirous to see the English College, he came to the porter 
thereof and asked whether this was the English College. The porter 
answered it was. He demanded then, after his busy fashion, whether 
the porter were a priest, who answered No. He then demanded how 
many they were of the College, the porter answered he knew not, 
having never told them. Go to, says Mychell, I know as well as yourself: 
there be of you, says he, 66. He then asked whether Persons was there. 
The porter answered he was. He then desired to see the House and 
being brought into their refectory where was a table over the 'skrine' 
(screen) of the scholars' names, he asked what those were, and being 
answered they were the scholars' names, he replied there was not a true 
name but that they were all counterfeit. 

(6) He was seen sundry times sitting before the College gate muffled 
in his cloak, as if he had observed who passed in and out. 

(7) Sir Anthony Standen, having observed this his suspicious be- 
haviour and his busy inquiry, told him in a friendly manner one day 
before Sir William Dormer that he was too busy and that to his know- 
ledge he was suspected, wishing him out of the love he bare him to be 
gone out of town, and that speedily, otherwise he would be laid hold on. 
This much Sir William Dormer and Mr Day, his servant, told me at 
Florence when the news first came thither of his apprehension and 
commitment. He tarried nevertheless at Rome at least six weeks after 
everyone of our nation was gone. 

(8) When he was apprehended, which was by his own telling some 
two miles out of town, there was found amongst his papers one that 
made ill for him, wherein he had committed to writing that he had been 
in the Consistory, where he had observed there many Cardinals with 
beards, and so many without beards; that some Cardinals whom he 
named in that paper kept whores, that others served themselves of boys, 
and that near such a Cardinal's lodging was likewise lodged such and 
such courtezans. 

Before he went into Italy he had lived some time at Geneva where he 
fell out with some of the 'Sindique,' pretending that they owed him 
money for sending letters into the country about the collection that 
they had from hence; and taking occasion to write from Lyons to an 

CM— D 



26 

acquaintance of his in that town, being a bookseller, he takes the bold- 
ness to tell him that if they sent him not his 20 crowns that they owed 
him, he would 'anottermise' [? anathematise] the town, which he said 
was but an hotch pot of the knaveries of Italy and France. This letter, 
and others of like scurrilous subject, was showed me and my companion 
Mr Winston at Geneva, and I (charging him with it by way of 'incripa- 
tion' in a friendly manner) he foresware it with most execrable oaths, 
till Mr Winston and myself avowed that we had seen it under his own 
hand. 

At Lyons I asked him whether he had seen Sir Harry Wotton, his 
Majesty's Ambassador, at his passing by that place; he answered that 
he had and that the Ambassador had entertained him very scurvily, 
adding further that the Ambassador had been lately sick; and Mr 
Winston asking him what his Lordship ailed, he answered nothing but 
that he lodged too near the nuns. Undated. 
3 pp. (98 157) 
SeeCal.S.P.Dom,, 1603-10, p. 489.] 

Sir Francis Hastings to the Earl of Salisbury 
1608-9, March 1. — My trust is that my slow coming up shall not be 
imputed to me for a fault since the mighty God of heaven had a prime 
hand in my stay, whose good pleasure it was to load me with so great 
pain as made me altogether unfit for so long a journey. But when I 
found cause to hope by a fortnight's trial that the extremity of my pain 
was past, I did prepare myself for my journey and have attained to 
arrive here, where I rest ready to attend you any day or hour you shall 
command me, or else to perfect my accompt to any you shall appoint to 
take it of me, being desirous every way to discharge the duty and con- 
science of an honest man before I shut up my days. I will not wait upon 
you till you assign me the time, because I stand subject to a leader 
through the dimness of my sight, and crave leave to resort unto you in 
a few lines upon any occasion offered. From my lodging in Fleet Street, 
this 1 March, 1608. 
Signed Seal I p. (125 37) 

The King to the Earl of Salisbury 
1608-9, March 7. — At the suit of the Vice-Chancellor of our University 
of Oxford and other Masters of the Colleges there, we are pleased to 
bestow upon them three score loads of timber, to be taken out of such of 
our woods as are nearest to our city of Oxford, and to be employed about 
the works for opening the river of Thames to our said city. Wherefore 
we require you to give order to our woodwards or other officers there to 
fell a convenient number of timber trees to make up the three score loads 
of timber in our said woods, and the same to deliver to such persons as 
the Vice-Chancellor shall appoint to receive it, as of our free gift, for and 
towards the finishing of the said works. Given under our Signet at our 
Palace of Westminster, the seventh day of March in the sixth year of 
our reign. 
Sign Manual Seal \p. (125 38) 



27 

Sir Thomas Ersfeilde to Sir Julius Caesar 
1608-9, March 7. — Out of your kindness help me to a certain parcel of 
wood growing upon his Majesty's land in Sussex within one mile of my 
house. I will gladly give money to the uttermost value for it in respect 
of my provision for my house, because such commodities are scanty in 
our country. It is growing upon a parcel of land called Curtlandes con- 
taining 40 acres or thereabout in the tenure of a Hampshire gentleman 
(whose name I know not) dwelling far distant from the place where the 
wood is growing. Besides most of the chiefest timber is already marked 
for his Majesty's use, and certain tenants have common of fuel out of it 
yearly. Out of your special favour use some means by such courses as 
are best known to your wisdom that in regard it lies so near unto me 
and is so fitting for me, and in consideration of my great want thereof, 
that you will vouchsafe me your letter to the commissioners or Mr 
Marshall and Mr Gavell, the surveyors, that for my money I may have 
it before another. For which great kindness I will gratify your good lady 
with a velvet gown. Denn, this 7th March, 1608. 

Holograph Seal Endorsed: 'Sir Tho. Eresfeld, kt, 7 March 1608, for a 
wood in Sussex from his Majesty.' and in another hand, 'If this gent will 
buy wood he must repair to the commissioners in the country.' 1 p. 
(125 40) 

[Sir Thomas Edmondes] to [the Earl of Salisbury] 
1608-9, March 8. — The Spanish Ambassador and others come about 
for furtherance of the treaty. Three reasons for the Spaniards yielding 
trade to the Indies for the Hollanders : 1 . They trade only to the place 
where they have footing, whereby they are hindered from further con- 
quests. 2. Because they made more use of their prizes than they could 
of their trade. 3. Because they would go so weak that they might be 
intercepted. The jars betwixt the Pope and the Venetians. No opinion 
of the proceeding of that quarrel. 
Abstract (227 p. 357) 

George Margitts to Lord Treasurer Salisbury 
1608-9, March 9. — According to your pleasure by your reference to 
the Lord Chief Baron and the rest of the Barons, I have attended them 
for their answers, who are departed without giving me other answer 
than this, that the same had been already referred to the Judges of the 
land by especial letters from his Majesty, whose Lordships took dislike 
therewith. Whereunto I made answer that it was not possible his 
Majesty could make any mention of that matter in his letters to them, 
in regard I never was nor never had been suitor to his Majesty for the 
same. Nevertheless whatsoever I could say or allege for niyself accord- 
ing to the truth, yet could I get no other answer. Wherefore I pray that 
either out of your own power and goodness you would bestow the same 
upon me, according to the opinion of the Barons heretofore delivered for 
the King, which Mr Chancellor of the Exchequer has; or that instead of 
the Barons you would make the like reference unto his Majesty's 
learned counsel, for which I shall account myself most bound to you, 
being grieved I am enforced to be so troublesome to you herein, being 



28 

likewise unwilling to let the same so slightly pass from me, having spent 
so long time therein: if it may stand with your good liking, otherwise 
I will altogether desist from further troubling you. 9 March, 1608. 
Holograph \p. (125 41) 

Lord Chancellor Ellesmere to Lord Treasurer Salisbury 
1608-9, March 9. — When you see the scratches which I have made in 
the lines, and the idle and needless queries and notes I have scribbled in 
the margin of this book, I fear you will think I have forgotten that 
which I was taught when I was young, Praestat otiosum esse quant nihil 
agere. But whatsoever it is you must excuse me and take it to yourself, 
for you are the cause of it. If 1 had done nothing you would have blamed 
me: and for this I have done 1 will blame myself, unless you will excuse 
me. It may be when you see what wild notes I have made, it will move 
you to ask some questions of me, and therefore I do now send the book 
that you may consider of it, and at our next meeting either quarrel 
[with] me for that I have done, or else cancel and suppress it as not 
worth the remembering. 9 March, 1608. 
Holograph Seal, broken \p. (125 42) 

The Earl of Salisbury and Sir Julius Caesar to the 
King's woodward in the Bishopric of Durham 
1608-9, March 9. — They order the delivery to Thomas Murray, Master 
of the Hospital of Sherborne in that Bishopric, of 60 tons of timber out 
of the trees lately blown down in the woods of Chopwell and Brounces- 
peth, in that Bishopric: the same to be spent on the reparations of the 
Hospital. Court at Whitehall, 9 March, 1608. 
Signed as above I p. (132 45) 

Sir Roger Aston to [the Earl of Salisbury] 
[1608-9] March 9. — Being commanded this forenoon to send a Groom 
of the Chamber to Wansover and Bettersaye to prepare his Majesty's 
hawking against tomorrow, by the said messenger I thought good to 
acquaint you with his Majesty's resolution, which is to be at Witt Hale 
tomorrow at night, and on Saturday to hunt a stag that lies about 
Soutteres Hill, if he can be found. If not, he will hunt a buck at Marry - 
bone in the forenoon and be at the cockfighting in the afternoon. His 
Majesty has read this enclosed at his own leisure. This forenoon I took 
a fit occasion to speak something of that which passed from your 
Lordship the last day of your meeting with the city of London. His 
Majesty took kindly of all that passed from you and what it wrought in 
the minds of the auditors, with much more than I will write. That which 
you wrote concerning the ring was very pleasing and the party it 
concerned was presently made acquainted with it, and this is all I can 
write. For our sick hawk she is well and by all appearances will live. 
From Hamtton Court, the 9 of March [1608 added in a different hand- 
writing]. 
Holograph Endorsed: '1608.' I p. (194 126) 



29 

Durham House 
1608-9, March 10. 'Be it knowne unto all men by these presents that 
we, Sir William Bowyer, knight, Capten of his Ma t8 Garrisson of Berwick, 
and James Burrell, of the same towne, S'veior of the Bridge, doe 
acknowledg ourselves to be owing and indebted unto Thomas Bradforth 
of the foresaid Berwick, Burger, the somme of thirty pounds lawfull 
mony of England, being for the cariage of 3000 foote of hard stone 
betwixt the Holy Hand and London. To be paid at the delivery of the 
said stones by Mr Thomas Willson, S [ecretary] to the right honorable 
the Lord High Threr of England. To the which payment well and 
trewly to be made as aforesaid to the said Thomas Bradforth or his 
assigns, we the said Sir William Bowyer, knight, and James Burrell doth 
bind us, our heirs, executors and assigns firmly by these presents. As 
witnesseth our hands and seals hereunto this Xth of Marche, 1608.' 
Signed William Bowyer, James Burrell. Witnessed by Wiliam Acrigg, 
William Gregson. Seals Endorsed: 'Aprill the first, 1609. [? sum] paid 
for Barwick Stonne for the new buildings at Durham House.' 1 p. 
(206 54) 

At the bottom of the page: 'Reed this first of Aprill, 1609, of Mr Rog. 
Houghton, Esq r , steward to the R. Hoble thearle of Salisburie. Lo. 
Ther of England, accordinge to the contents above wrytten, the said 
some of XXX 1 .' Signed Thomas Bradforth. 

Sugar 

1608-9, March 11.— Patent by the King with regard to the Queen's 
lease of the imposition upon the white or Muscovado sugars, and Saint 
Thome or Paneles sugars, indemnifying her for certain abatements made 
by the new impositions. Westminster, March 11,6 Jac. 
Seal lm. (220 1) 

The enclosure: Copy of warrant to the farmers of the subsidies of 
poundage and tonnage to pay to Sir William Ryder certain moneys in 
respect of the above matter. Westminster, January 18, 6 Jac. 1609. 
lm. 

James Burrell to Thomas Wilson 

1608-9, March 12.— The 3000 foot of stones for my Lord Treasurer is 
shipped according to your directions. They are broached and pitched 
of square as the like stones were usually sent from hence. But you shall 
receive, God willing, by this bearer a piece of the stone as the workmen 
in these parts can work them, because you may better perceive the 
colour of the stone before you make any more workmanship of them, 
which with polishing or glazing (as with you they may be done) will be 
very fair, and will with going upon after they be laid be better in sight 
and look fairer. The workmen allege they have had a very hard bargain 
of them, considering the chargeable winning of them within the full sea 
mark, and the carriage of them by land, which is also troublesome. 
The number of the stones is — 735 stones of 14 inches square make 
1000 foot: 563 stones of 16 inches square make 1000 foot; and 445 
stones of 18 inches square do amount to 1000 foot; so the whole stones 
will contain 60 tons accounting 50 foot to the ton, which will be 10s the 
ton, for they could not be gotten better cheap. I sent you a piece of a 



30 

stone polished by post long since within a little box, that you might have 
letten my Lord see it. The said stone is newly discovered in a place of 
my Lord Northumberland's grounds; but I fear me it came not to your 
hands because I did not understand of the receipt thereof. It is within 3 
miles of the sea and a port where it may be shipped, and when it is 
polished it looks like a 'gete' colour. At this instant they are winning of 
stones at the same quarry for my Lord Chamberlain, and they will fall 
out, as I hear, to be 'cultoms,' table stones or flagg for paving. I would 
have written oftener but referred the certifying of you to Sir William 
Bowyer. We have got of the merchant so much money as has made clear 
for the charges of the stone. If he have any occasion with your Lord, I 
pray you stand him in stead and do him some favour. Berwick, this 12 
of March, 1608. 
Holograph lp. (125 44) 

The Earl of Dunbar to the Earl of Salisbury 
[1608-9] March 12.— I have received your letters and render humble 
thanks for the same. I will forbear all compliments, but be assured of the 
unchangeable truth of my heart unto you. I have thought it no ways 
amiss but rather agreeing with my duty to acquaint 3^ou with that which 
is past concerning Balmerinoc, and the rather that I do well know when 
the storm blows in that errand you will be as I am, a large partner of 
the extremity of the tempest. For it is not many days since a letter 
came written from the hands of one near to the Queen's Majesty, assur- 
ing that if death and wrack befel Balmerinoc the Queen would keep it 
in her heart upon you and me so long as she lived in this world. This 
letter do I keep to show unto you as it pleases God that we meet to- 
gether. My Lord, all this has not moved me, for I will keep that course 
which I know you are so well resolved in, that is to serve his Majesty 
faithfully so long as we breathe in this world without regard of the evil 
that may come that way, so long as it shall never be justly deserved. 
And for my own part I will say, and I hope you will do the like, when I 
ever give her Majesty just cause of offence then let his Majesty punish 
me without sparing: and if her displeasure grow without any reason or 
ground, and but only for doing his Majesty faithful service, then I must 
have recourse to his Majesty's gracious and good nature and to his 
justice to do in this point for us both. But only in the constancy of his 
favour [is] that which may both encourage us to go on in our intended 
course and breed himself augmentation of honour in the world. So far 
am I from any distrust of his Majesty's gracious nature that I have the 
more boldly gone on in the course of Balmerinoc 's trial according to the 
command and direction it pleased his Majesty to give me, and, my Lord, 
he is convicted by a jury of most noble and honourable men of high 
treason in all the points of his indictment. I have sent you enclosed the 
extract shortly and brief of his conviction. You will think it a very hard 
sentence, most foul and heinous, and yet just and agreeable to the laws 
and statutes of this realm. His life, his inheritance is all in his Majesty's 
hand, to be disposed according to his pleasure, and what shall please his 
Majesty to command me I shall see performed, God willing, without 
respect to the offending of any. I will not trouble you with information 



31 

what difficulties I have had in this errand, but surely I have to my great 
grief found more than I could have imagined. Now it rests in his 
Majesty's hand to resolve upon his further pleasure, and although the 
offence be most heinous, for my own part I do rather incline to mercy 
than to rigour in taking his life, and I know so does your Lordship. 
Yet it will not be believed of some but that we are both thirsters for his 
blood; always whatever is in this kind it must come by other men's 
'yen' [eyes] either from you or from me or not at all. For neither have 
we power neither yet does it become us to presume to meddle with his 
Majesty in a business of so high a nature. Only this I wish with my 
heart, that what his Majesty does resolve to be done may be done with 
as little delay as may be. For in such a matter as this is, the lingering of 
resolution will not fail to beget evil opinions in many, and make things 
to receive more hard constructions than can be to his Majesty's good 
liking. You will give me leave to trouble you yet little more. When the 
process of Balmerinoc comes to his Majesty's hands, it is very like that 
his Majesty will have it to be published in print. There is in it the Lord 
Balmerinoc 's confession, which, of necessity, must be set down in the 
process: before ever it be published I wish with all my heart that the 
sending of letters to cardinals may either be known and understood to 
be clearly without his Majesty's knowledge, or then that this part of his 
confession may be suppressed when the rest is published. And till his 
Majesty in his great wisdom resolve what to do, I have given order here 
to the Justice Clerk upon his duty and allegiance that no extract or copy 
of the process be given to any living without his Majesty's warrant 
under his own hand. That which makes me so secret in this point is 
some question that I have had with men here, so that it makes me to 
think that if it go abroad it will be snatched at, and I wish such occasion 
to be eschewed. So, noble Lord, this being a posted letter written in 
haste, I pray you pardon me for being so troublesome. Edinburgh, the 
12 of March. 

Holograph Endorsed by Salisbury: '18 (sic) Martii 1608. The Erl of 
Dunbarrtome.' 4 pp. (125 47) 

Thomas Thomson to Thomas Wilson 
1608-9, March 13. — I received a letter from Sir John Leveson this 
last week concerning two points: one, your continual opinion of a debt 
to be due from me to his Lordship of 43 1 ; the second, concerning the 
great quantity of stones which I have. 

1 . For allowance of the former my conscience bears me record, what- 
soever otherwise you judge of me, that I have made unto you at par- 
ticular times a true and honest account of whatsoever I have received or 
paid for his Lordship's use in this business which I underwent. Yet in 
that my wits may easily fail me, not being accustomed to pass any 
accounts in this kind, if you will return me those 8 particular accounts 
which I protest I have not and which I severally passed unto you under 
my hand — for I understand there is one of the number wanting which I 
have sent you, which should be 9 — I will so fully satisfy you as there 
shall not anything be wanting. For if I have those 8 again, I shall the 
more easier find where the defect is. But if you desire I should make 



32 

you another general account for the farther trial of my honesty herein, 
though in such a particular sort as you now have them, I cannot — I 
nothing doubt but that if upon this my last account it shall appear to 
you that anything shall be due unto me, you will be as well content 
without suspicion of fraudulent dealing on my part towards his Lord- 
ship, to make me satisfaction herein, as I am free from any suspicion 
of you towards me for demanding an after account of me for a remaining 
debt to his Lordship as I suppose. 

2. Concerning the stones, because it shall appear unto you how 
willing I am to forego them again, if you will send down him that has 
made this report of them, he shall with all my heart be the receiver, my 
money being allowed me again which I paid for them, and my other 
charges which they cost to bring home: finding a far more harsh con- 
clusion of this so troublesome a business than I suspected or deserved. 
Canterbury ?], 13 March, 1608. 
Holograph Seal I p. (125 52) 

John Hercy to Sib Julius Caesar 
1608-9, March 14. — Upon survey of the King's manor of Charing, co. 
Kent, the great house called the Palace, now in the occupation of Sir 
Nicholas Gilbourne, kt, by letters patent under the great Seal, amongst 
the rest was by me and other commissioners surveyed, together with a 
tower adjoining to the old hall there, wherein are three floorings very 
much ruinated and without speedy repair by allowance from his 
Majesty will fall to the ground, the said lessee not being bound by his 
lease to repair the same. The charge in workmanship only will amount 
unto 20 marks at least, besides the timber, which may be conveniently 
taken in his Majesty's woods in Charing called Hookwood and West- 
brook now in the occupation of Sir Nicholas: and 6 ton of timber will 
scarcely suffice the repair thereof. 14 March, 1608. 
Holograph \p. (125 53) 

Sir Roger Aston to [the Earl or Salisbury] 
[1608-9, March 14.] — Yesternight I received these enclosed and this 
morning got them signed, which I send your Lordship by the con- 
veniency of the bearer. The note I send here enclosed must be written 
in Ranson [?'s] letter. I have nothing to write. His Majesty goes this 
night to Atlanes and returns hither on Friday at night, and will hunt 
at Marrybone on Saturday. Yesterday our French 'Marcoues' took his 
leave. From Hamtton Court this Wednesday. 

Holograph Endorsed: '14 March, 1608. Sr Roger Aston to my Lord.' 
\p. (194 127) 

[Between the folds of this letter is a scrap of paper with the words: 'votre 
bien bon ami.'] 

Mr Finet 
1608-9, March 15. — Points of my letter to Mr Finet by my Lord's 
[Salisbury's] command, 15 March, 1608. 

1. The receipt of Dr Lister's letter, 13th March. Thanks for the same. 



33 

2. His relation of my Lord of Cranborne's journey with the King to 
St Germans, commended by my Lord for the particularities, and so 
honourable as he will cause the King to take knowledge of it. 

3. For his health, that he is troubled with pain of his head, he leaves 
that to God's protection and to Dr Lyster's care. 

4. Whereas the Master of Ceremonies is appointed to visit him, and 
one of the Scots Guard to attend him, care to be had that in matter of 
gratuity they should rather incline to honourable bounty than sparing- 
ness. 

5. To be wary in dispraising anything, and to take heed of being 
entrapped by any of the French, who will boldly speak with liberty of 
their King, of divers great ones, and other matters: which he must take 
heed to approve, but rather let his speech and discourse tend to praises 
than otherwise. 

6. To have regard to his exercises. 

7. That he is too sparing of his own pen. That he looks every ten 
days for a letter. 

Probably in the hand of Thomas Wilson Endorsed: 'Points of letters by 
my Lord's direction to Paris.' I p. (127 12) 

Richard Wiiillock to the Earl of Salisbury 
1608-9, March 15. — Late servant to Lord Cranborne, and late keeper 
of the Earl's woods in Hoddesdon. For help. Receipt for 5 1 appended. 
15 March, 1608. 
I p. (P. 1844) 

Henry Spiller to Lord Treasurer Salisbury 
1608-9, March 16.— This brief memorial 1 now received, which 1 
presume to present to you from him that has vowed his uttermost 
service to you. 

Myself am so many ways bound for your favours unto me, which I 
have found and am daily informed of, I must acknowledge your goodness 
and good opinion of me the best portion I enjoy in this world. I find 
moreover that extraordinary means want not to possess his Majesty of 
my 'amisse,' and how your Lordship is daily pressed by Felton's ex- 
clamation to give hearing to what he informs against me. The con- 
sideration hereof begets fear in me, not out of any guilt in my misdoing, 
but that his Majesty (to whom my service is unknown) may either deem 
me unfit of the place wherein I serve under you, or that amongst so 
many to whom Felton liberally traduces me any one should dare to tax 
you in my protection. I therefore again beseech you to take hearing of 
the cause, or that some other of my Lords (with the King's Council if 
thought fit by you) may examine me therein. So shall you find just 
cause to continue or withdraw your countenance hitherunto showed me. 
Howsoever I submit both myself and my cause to your consideration : 
and having laid to my heart the especial favours already received from 
you, it shall be part of my testament to enjoin my children to pray for 
yours and your posterity's honour. 16 March, 1608. 
Holograph Seal, broken \p. (125 54) 



34 

Thomas Wilson to the Earl of Salisbury 
1608-9, March 19. — I Mill not trouble your Lordship tonight with 
relation of what we have done at Hattfeld, the cause of my writing being 
about another matter; only I will say this that in one matter of the 
bricks we have made a bargain by the great that will save you a thousand 
marks of that would have been spent therein if we had proceeded as last 
year. And yet we pay dear for them, lis 6d a thousand to be delivered 
at the building, and they to fetch their wood out of Hattfeld Wood and 
to pay 6s 8d a load being ready made and cleft, or 5s unmade. 

You know how one Mr Boyd, a Scottishman, has a grant of the 
materials of Hartford Castle for which the town is about to make a 
petition to the King that it may be recalled, alleging that they have no 
place for assize and sessions and term when occasion serves. I lay there 
the last night in the company of one of my wife's brothers, Mr Mewtis, 
who was persuaded by some of the townsmen to buy the gatehouse and 
the tower of Mr Boyd, if needs the rest must be demolished, and to let 
them stand for the beauty and ornament of the town. My brother, 
having had speech about it and partly agreed upon price, offered it to 
me, saying that if I could get either a lease or fee-farm of the ground 
within the walls, which is but two acres and a half, besides the ditches, 
he would buy the gatehouse and the tower and let it stand and give it 
his sister, my wife. I told him I durst not meddle with it, being your 
servant, albeit I have yet never a house to hide my head. Then he willed 
me to procure it in his name. The matter is of very small value when it 
shall be all filled with rubbish b;y pulling down the building. Yet it is 
valued, as I hear by a late survey, at 6 1 a year rent, at which rate if you 
will be pleased to let my brother have it, I shall have it after from him 
and will make of it a convenient house to dwell in within four miles of 
Hattfeld, where I will cause my wife to reside that I may have the oftener 
occasion to look to your service there, and also attend it the better here 
when my wife shall not be so near as now she is, which is an occasion of 
my often absence from your house. It is Duchy, and the Chancellor will 
be willing to grant it to my brother if it stands with your pleasure. 
Salsb: Howse, 19 March, 1608. 
Holograph I p. (194 130) 

Henry Bankes to Thomas Wilson 
1608-9, March 19. — Concerning Sir John Gibson. They will have more 
conference at their meeting, for he is so jealous over any that shall offer 
to treat with him of the precentorship as if they asked him after his life. 
The estate of the tenement appertaining to Yorkes House is in Sir John 
Bennett's hands from Mr Coppinger, with whom Wilson may treat con- 
veniently. York, 19 March, 1608. 
I p. (P. 2159) 

[Sir Thomas Edmondes] to [the Earl of Salisbury] 
1608-9, March 22. — The death of the Duke of Cleves, with the several 
titles. The Count of St. Paul passed privately by to go in devotion to 
Sichem. with whom the Princes not well pleased because he omitted to 
visit them. The priests and Jesuits at a jar in Ireland. 
Abstract (227 p. 358) 



35 

John Finet to Thomas Wilson 
1608-9, March 22/April 1. — For want of better I send you the worst 
matter that may be: two libels newly flown out of some devilish mali- 
cious invention against the great man of this State. One is of a new 
town of his founding, and, as his libeller will have it, of his policing; the 
other upon the little pamphlet I lately sent you intituled Lï abrège de la 
vie du Roy Henri 4. If the mischievous libertine tongues of this gam- 
bolling nation were not more saucy with their own eminentest superiors, 
than the freest and fearlessest stranger dares to be even with his equal, I 
should think it my fault to copy out others; but where vice is a fashion, 
if I do not follow it. am I a monster to describe it? Absit\ Paris, 1 April 
stilo novo, 1609 
Holograph Seal \p. (125 55) 

Viscount Cranborne to the Earl or Salisbury 
[1608-9] March 22.— He understands by letters from Mr Wilson to Mr 
Finnet that Salisbury is offended because he writes no oftener. He sent 
his excuses in his last letter. The King affords him every day especial 
grace, when he sees him riding at the Tuilleries. Sends this by Mr Finch. 
Salisbury's servant. Paris, 22 March. 
Holograph Endorsed: '1608.' 1 p. (228 25) 

Sir Thomas Smith to Lord Treasurer Salisbury 
[1608-9] March 23. — I cannot write much at this present, being some- 
what enfeebled by the straight course of physic whereinto the physicians 
have put me, upon strong confidence (as they would have me to conceive) 
of my recovery. But I most humbly pray you both to think favourably 
of the suit which I caused to be made unto you of late, for the granting 
of my pension of 100 1 a year to my poor son after me, and to give it 
your furtherance Math his Majesty, whose bounty in this, as well as in 
whatsoever else I have received of him, I will to the uttermost of my 
power endeavour to deserve. And if God shorten my days, I hope it 
shall not seem an overchargeable suit of his poor servant that has desired 
nothing more than to do his Majesty service. But what do I speak of any 
desert of mine? It is only the goodness of his Majesty whereunto I 
appeal, and your favour to be the means for me in this, which (how- 
soever it shall please God to dispose of me) will give me great comfort by 
carrying such a mark of my sovereign's goodness to me. 23 March. 
Holograph Endorsed: '23 March, 1608.' \p. (125 56) 

Lord Haddington to Lord Treasurer Salisbury 
1608-9, March 24. — I moved you before in behalf of Captain Lee 
about the controversy between him and one Pratt, a merchant, that you 
would leave them to the law, especially for that the matter in question 
concerns covenants and bonds; notwithstanding, it pleased you to be 
informed of the true estate of the business. These are to entreat you to 
refer the consideration thereof to some of his Majesty's auditors, who 
best of all understand and can certify the truth of accounts, and not to 
merchants or citizens who appear to be no indifferent censurers between 



36 

a gentleman and a merchant. From Charterhouse where I remain 
being scarce 'currant', otherways I should have attended myself, this 24 
of March, 1608. 

Signed Endorsed: The Lo. Hadington to my Lord in behalf of Gilbert 
Lee.' fp. (125 57) 

[King James] to the [Bishop of — ] 
[? 1608-9, before March 25] — Where we have caused you to be moved 
by some of our council to take charge of the education of the young Lord 
Mordaunt, 1 that in his youth he be not corrupted with evil opinions in 
religion, an office which the prelates of this realm have usually heretofore 
taken upon them, and you have readily yielded to do; Ave are now to 
require you that whensoever our cousin, the Earl of Salisbury, Master of 
our Wards, shall send the said Lord Mordaunt to you, that you take 
him into your hands and employ your care for his education in all good 
parts fit for a person of his degree, and especially in matter of religion. 
And for such charge as you shall be at, we have taken order with the 
Master of our Wards for the defraying of it. Undated 
Unsigned Endorsed {in a modem hand): '1608.' -J- p. (126 119) 

River Lea 
1609, March 26.— Privy seal appointing Robert Leigh and others to 
take charge of preserving the game, as well of venery as of falconry, in 
certain places along the river of Lea, Middlesex : also to maintain the 
gates and gravel well the bridges in such manner as shall be thought well 
by the Commissioners of Sewers. Palace of Westminster, 26 March. 
7 Jac. 
Contemporary copy "2 pp. (213 58) 

[Sir Thomas Edmondes] to [the Earl of Salisbury] 
[1609, March 28]. — Touching the affairs of Cleves. The conclusion of 
the treaty expected. The Archduke offended with the States at Antwerp 
for suffering many to come to their sermons, and feeding the poor with 
flesh in Lent. 
Abstract (227 p. 358) 

Sir Francis Stonor to Lord Treasurer Salisbury 
1609, March 30. — It seems by your letters you are informed I have 
not observed my Lord Knowles as behoves me in this service. I ad- 
vertised him of the commission, beseeching his direction for my pro- 
ceeding, not only within the honor of Neweelme but throughout this 
county. Since his coming I acquainted him with j'our special direction 
to be observed towards him, whereunto he said 1 had behaved towards 
him as well as he could desire; therefore I hope he is very well satisfied of 
my proceeding. Stonor, 30 March, 1609. 

PS. — I have not yet seen his Majesty's Avoods at Ockingham, or 
spoken with anyone for the sale of any tree there. After I have been 
there I will certify you my opinion, and in the meantime forbear to sell. 



i Henry 4th Lord Mordaunt died 13 February, 1608-9. 



37 

In these parts I first sell to such as want for their own use, which I tell 
them proceeds from your consideration that they be not enforced to buy 
at second or third hand. 
Signed \p. (127 14) 

Thomas Wilson to the Earl of Salisbury 
1609, March 31. — We have not been unmindful of this business. 1 We 
have sought out divers toys whereupon conceits are ministered, yet 
doth not the town afford such plenty as we expected. The parties 
require more money to buy them. I tell them they shall have money, 
and being trifles it skills not much. The design is to have three persons 
only actors, according to your conceit. The first shall represent the 
keeper, who from the stair foot to the place of show shall give entertain- 
ment by familiar speech, in discoursing upon the place and what it is, 
and what it is not, thereupon taking occasion to tax the divers idle 
comments that have been upon it since it was begun, which doubtless 
the King has heard of: and by this time he shall be come to the place. 
At the first opening, they would have loud music of cornets and such 
like, to erect the more the intendment. Then the other two personati 
shall begin to play their mountebank tricks, first in talking one to another 
after their fashion, and then to discourse upon and to distribute their 
trifles, wherein they desire to know the best and most of the best that 
should be there. Whilst these toys are in hand they would have the 
mountebank to have a vizard as they use to have, and all this while 
those things of price to be covered with curtains. When their turn 
comes to be spoken of, he shall unmask as a merchant that sells not 
merces adulterinas, and then make such a presentment of them as the 
things and persons deserve. This is shortly the subject which according 
to your invention they have framed theirs, and promise (as fathers that 
are most in love with their youngest child) to make it an admirable and 
pleasing spectacle. The conclusion they would have with soft music and 
a song in the middle window next Duresm Yard, as the King shall 
return that way. Salisbury House, 31 March, 1609. 
Holograph I p. (195 100) 

Lord Balmerino 
[1608-9, March.] — 'The whole persons of Assize all in one voice find 
and declare James, Lord of Balmerinoth, to be guilty of the treasonable, 
surreptitious, fraudulent and false stealing of his Majesty's hand to the 
letter specified in the 'dittay' without his Majesty's knowledge, and 
contrary his Majesty's declared will: and of the treasonable affixing of 
his Majesty's signet to the said false letter: and assisting known pro- 
fessed Papists in their treasonable courses to the danger of subversing 
of religion, of overthrow of all true professors thereof, and drawing 
his Majesty's life, estate, crown of this realm, with his right of succession 
to the Crown of England, in most extreme peril, and bringing most false 
and scandalous imputations to his Majesty, both in point of honour and 
religion, and of art and part of the whole treasonable crimes above 
written at length contained in the 'dittav' above specified. 
\ p. (82 101) 

i The opening of 'Britain's Burse.' 



38 

Patrick Comyng to Lord Treasurer Salisbury 
[1608-9] March. — Though in the last business has been much mis- 
taking, yet if my ability were in any measure restored I would do you 
better service than all that matter was supposed to be worth. Vouchsafe 
first to make it known to his Majesty by writing or word, and also grant 
that I may procure his Highness's letter unto your Lordship that the 
office of the Marshal of the Exchequer (which is now upon sale) pass 
not by private paction without his Majesty's or your knowledge; 
which I crave may be made known by some message from you to Mr 
Lambert in King Street, Westminster, who at this instant is substitute 
for an annual rent to Mr Fulkes the patentee; and that my friend Mr 
Thorold, for whom I formerly moved you, may be preferred before any 
other, who is worthy of the place and ready to give satisfaction to the 
aged possessor as far as any other shall. Undated. 

Holograph Seal, broken Endorsed: 'March 1608. Patrick Comyng to 
my Lord. For the usher's place in the Exchequer.' \p. (125 73) 

Sir Robert Wingfield to Lord Treasurer Salisbury 
[1608-9, March] — As I know your Lordship is so just that you will not 
countenance out any man, much less a servant of yours, in an ill action, 
so am I assured your favour shall never forsake any your meanest 
follower when overpressed with wrong. My suit is that when you shall 
be truly informed of the truth of our cause and the quality of our in- 
famous accuser, that you would let me enjoy my liberty, putting in 
sufficient bail to answer it whensoever you command my attendance. 
Undated. 

PS. — In respect I do not know with what tales they have possessed 
your Lordship and the rest of the Council, I have set down the whole 
truth of the matter in as short a manner as I could. The occasion of our 
supping together was in respect we came all with Mr Bridges (that is now 
dead) to town. When we had supped Sir William Dyer, Mr Lambert, 
Mr Dyer, Mr Forest and myself, with one footman who carried a torch, 
parted from the rest of the company towards our lodgings; and going 
through Smithfield to bring Mr Lambert to his lodging we were entreated 
by Sir William Dyer to drink a cup of wine before we parted; and so 
walking towards the tavern our light went out. Seeing a light in 
Morgan's house we knocked there to have lighted our own, who railing 
at us out of his window came down, opened the door and withal cried, 
Shoot them! shoot them! Whereupon Mr Lambert and myself coming in 
first I fell into a trap door which he caused to be set open; the man and 
the woman of the house fell upon him; I recovering myself out of the 
trap door saw the maid of the house run at Lambert behind his back 
with a spit, which I took out of her hand and therewith broke his head. 
Thereupon they cried out murder, the watchmen came to the door, we 
kept them out a quarter of an hour saying they should not enter till the 
constable came; and as soon as he spake to us we laid by our weapons, 
suffered them to come in, who as soon as they were entered bound our 
hands, beat us and so carried us to prison. 

Holograph Two seals over red silk Endorsed: 'March, 1608.' 1 p. 
(125 75) 



39 

Sir David Murray to the Earl of Salisbury 
[1609, March] — His Highness has perused your letter, and desires that 
you may come hefore one of clock with your pictures, and if there be not 
time enough to discourse here, that want may be supplied in his coming 
to Whitehall to the sermon; or if you have any business to hinder your 
journey, that you may send my Lord of Arundel as deputy to set forth 
the praise of your pictures . Undated 
Holograph Endorsed: 'March, 1609.' lp. (127 15) 



Lord Knollys to the Earl of Salisbury 
[1609, March] — Finding, since my coming into the country, my repu- 
tation touched by a commission granted to Sir Francis Stonor for sale of 
the King's woods in my charge, I beseech you know that as I am steward 
of the honor of Ewelme and divers manors about me, so am I by patent 
woodward of the King's woods belonging to those manors; and if I had 
not withstood warrants of good authority heretofore, the King had had 
a small quantity to sell at this time. I do not mean to hinder the intended 
sale, but will further it all I may; neither do I desire the commission to 
be altered; only I pray you write to Sir Francis Stonor that he sell no 
woods in my charge without my advice or direction, which being done, 
I will leave the execution of the commission to him, and will give him 
the best furtherance I can. 

Sunning is a royal manor in Berkshire, fit to be put into the entail. 
May it please you that a 'quillett' called Ayr and Dunsdon, being 4 or 5 
small copyholds and a little farm in Oxfordshire, may be left out of the 
entail, being no part of the manor of Sunning, though annexed thereto. 
Undated 
Holograph Endorsed: 'March, 1609.' I p. (127 16) 



The Earl of Cumberland to the Earl of Salisbury 
1609, April 2. — -He encloses his answer to the Lords as to how matters 
stand between the Duke and him, and will yield to whatever course 
Salisbury likes of. He hears the Duke has lately caused the deer, lodges 
and fences to be viewed, and that for the lodges and fences they mean 
to make no certificate. The deer have increased almost double since he 
and his brother entered. He will beg warrant to have a view taken of the 
lodges and fences. The Duke sent him a message that he would satisfy 
him for any charge he had been at. He will observe any directions the 
Lords give him herein. Begs that if his Majesty be in any way distasted, 
by misinformation, with his carriage in the matter, he may be rightly 
acquainted with his answers. Skipton Castle. 2 April, 1609. 
Signed lp. (127 17) 



Sir Henry Lee to the Earl of Salisbury 
1609, April 3. — With a present of 'such fruit as a barren ground 
bringeth forth'. Ditchley, 3 April, 1609. 
Holograph I p. (127 18) 



40 

Thomas Crook to [Thomas] Wilson 
1609, April 4. — Reports arrival of Wilson's brother, himself, and all 
their company at Baltemore in Ireland. His voyage was principally to 
fetch 100 1 for Mr Norton and Wilson. The Lord Treasurer was very 
willing to do Wilson any kindness, and delivered the 100 1 on his own 
and Wilson's brother's bill. Presumes they will have the timbers that 
Mr Bingley felled at a very easy rate, and it is very fair 'knees'. Wilson's 
brother hopes to get freight for it 'for little or nothing but the bringing 
of a ship to London that is lost in these parts by pirates, if we find that 
to be a good means; there are so many lying in those parts as their 
freight about were worth 300 1 ,' The time is scarce fit, for here are many 
'baynsick' [? brainsick] fellows that think they can serve timber there 
for half the price it will stand them in. But Wilson may be sure that if 
any man can get one penny, 'we' can get two. The Lord Deputy tells 
him there is one that will deliver ship timber on the Thames for less than 
30/- a ton. Discusses the sale of the timber. 'Till your brother come over, 
understand what returns other men make, but undertake nothing 
directly yourselves.' Dublin, 4 April. 1609. 
Holograph \p. (127 51) 

Henry de Gunderot to the Earl of Salisbury 
1609, April 5. — Troubles him with these few lines only to thank him 
for the many favours he has received, for which he prays opportunity to 
employ his life and all he has in his service. M. de St. Antoine will tell 
him he has only just reached Paris, and will inform of all that has hap- 
pened in that Court. Paris, 5 April, 1609. 

Holograph Two seals over pink silk Endorsed: '5 April 1608 (sic). Sir 
Henry Gunderot to my Lord from Paris . ' I p. ( 125 8 1 ) 

Sir Arthur Capel to Lord Treasurer Salisbury 
1609, April 5. — Salisbury and the Lord Chamberlain wrote to his wife, 
in her widowhood, understanding she purposed to marry him, requiring 
her to let her house at Madingley and its grounds to his brother, Mr 
Edward Hynde, at a reasonable rate. His wife has no interest therein 
but by way of jointure for life. Details their reasons for not wishing to 
part with it. If they hereafter purpose to let it. Mr Hynde shall have the 
first offer. Haddam, 5 April, 1609. 
Holograph lp. (127 20) 

Edward Boughton and Robert Treswell 
to the Earl of Salisbury 
1609, April 8. — According to their commission for the sale of the 
King's woods in Warwickshire, they have surveyed Combe and Bynley, 
both in lease to Lord Harrington, and report thereon. They have offered 
to his Lordship's officers 1000 [trees] for 1000 marks, which is more by 
3s 4d each than is certified in the survey : and the officers offer 600 l . Ask 
Salisbury's pleasure therein. The rest of the value is most fitly to be made 
out of the trees of the common at Bynley, whereof they have apportioned 



41 

to be sold 1000 at 6s and 1000 at 4s. His Lordship, however, has put in 
a claim for them, and they ask directions whether they are to proceed 
with the sale, or desist. Bynley, 8 April, 1609. 
Signed I p. (127 21) 

Thomas Hayward to Lord Eure 
1609, April 10. — Mr Oliver Thurgood is now making sale of divers of 
the King's woods in Worcestershire, by virtue of a commission out of the 
Exchequer. He offers to sell divers principal trees in Bewdley Park upon 
the banks adjoining to Tickenhill House; amongst which one special 
tree called the Prince's Oak, and 2 others near the same, are already sold, 
and the same being fallen will much tend to the disgrace and prejudice 
of that house. I, being woodward for that county, acquaint you here- 
with, to the end you may take order for its prevention. Bewdley, 10 
April, 1609. 
Holograph I p. (127 21/2) 

Sir Thomas Mildmay to Lord Treasurer Salisbury 
1609. April 10. — He was chosen one of the Commissioners for the 
service of Aid in his county. Excuses his absence from the third meeting 
of the Commissioners, caused by his sickness. At the second meeting 
some compounded, and there are many more who have offered com- 
position according to Salisbury's letters. Springfield Barnes, 10 April, 
1609. 
Holograph I p. (127 22) 

Sir Walter Cope to Lord Norreys 
1609, April 12. — The King's counsel are of opinion that Norreys can 
challenge no part of the body of the tree. As for the lops and the bark, if 
the commissioners for sale can compound with him at reasonable rates, 
he shall be satisfied for them; if not the Lord Treasurer says his claim 
shall be considered next term, when may be heard what can be said for 
the King's title. Court at Whitehall, 12 April, 1609. 
Signed Endorsed: 'Sir W. Copes to be sent unto Sir Fran. Stonard and 
Sir Robert Johnson, that they should compound with me for the tops 
and bark of trees sold out of Shottover and Stowe woods or given by the 
King.' \p. (132 49) 

The Earl of Northumberland to the Earl of Salisbury 
[1609] April 13. — There are some things in question which come under 
your direction, too long to particularise by writing; therefore I pray 
you give this officer of mine hearing for me. 13 April. 
Holograph Endorsed: '1609.' \p. (127 23) 

Sir Edward Wyntour to the Earl of Salisbury 

1609, April 13. — You will be well pleased to understand what has been 

done in this country about the appeasing of such great disorders and 

dangerous tumults as have happened here of late. As it cannot be done 

by letters, I will come up myself. All matters here remain now very 

CM— E 



42 

quiet, the people much ashamed and, as it should seem, very sorry of the 
vanity and rashness that without any just cause sent them into so high 
a contempt of his Majesty's authority. They promise all future 
obedience. My poor house of Lydney, 13 April, 1609. 
Holograph \p. (127 24) 

[Sir Thomas Edmondes] to [the Earl of Salisbury] 
1609, April 13. — Treaty with the Infanta, the Archduke and the 
President concerning Hoens. The truce published. Discourses upon the 
truce, as if the conditions were all to the Archduke's advantage. Desire 
to have the unnatural subjects, which remain on that side and are as 
firebrands to his Majesty's estate, removed. Touching the presents of 
the Commissioners. 

The same to the Earl of Northampton. Recommending matters to his 
secretary's report, with thanks for his letters. 
Abstract (227 p. 358) 

Sir Robert Johnson to the Earl of Salisbury 
[1609, April 14] — Gives details of the sale made of trees at Newport 

where he had the assistance of Sir William Andrewes. 

Touching Lord Norris's demands, they wrote something from Rj-cott. 

Begs that nothing be resolved therein till he has delivered his knowledge 

of the matter to Salisbury. 

Details of the sale of trees at Olney by Sir Arthur Tyrringham and 

himself. He has not yet sold in any other manors. He is now going to 

Whaddon and Nash, and thence to Hanslop. Undated. 

Holograph Endorsed: '14 April 1609.' 2 pp. (127 25) 

William Hancocke, Mayor of Coventry, Henry Breres, Henry 
Sewall and John Rogerson to the Privy Council 
1609, April 17. — We received the commission for the taxation of the 
first payment of the third subsidy, and the Council's letters of February 
9 for the increase of the same; and appointed cessors as well for the 
inhabitants of the city as for the foreign inhabitants of the towns 
within the county of the city. We found two causes of impediment 
alleged by them, which we know to be true. One is the general and great 
decay of our city and the tradesmen of all sort in the same since the 
beginning of her late Majesty's reign, by reason that such as formerly 
used to traffic at Coventry now turn all or the most part of their dealings 
to London; a thing common to many other corporations of this realm, 
to the great and notorious decay of the same. The other is the present 
great dearth of all kinds of victual under the burden whereof the meaner 
sort of tradesmen so labour that they are enforced not only to sell their 
household moveables to find them victuals, but also to seek relief from 
the more able sort of citizens, to their great charge. We pray you to 
accept this as our just excuse for not increasing our taxation. Coventry, 
17 April, 1609. 
Signed I p. (127 26) 



43 

The Governor, Assistants and Generality of the Fellowship of 
Merchant Adventurers to the Lord Treasurer 
1609, April 17. — You called in a former warrant to the officers of the 
Customs for the port of London, for an accustomed allowance of 90 tons 
of English beer to serve for the ordinary diet of the Merchant Adventur- 
ers residing at Midlebrough, and confirmed the same by like warrant 
from yourself, for which they are thankful. They desire you to permit 
the like quantity of 90 tons of ordinary table beer to be shipped this year 
also to John Turner, 'Conseirge' of the English House in Midlebrough, 
for the provision of the said merchants, who have always found the 
English beer more wholesome and better agreeing with their bodies 
than that which the Netherlands can afford. London, 17 April, 1609. 
Signed: William Romeny (1 p. (127 27) 



Sir Thomas Leighton to the Earl of Salisbury 
1609, April 18. — He has instructed his son and servants to give their 
best assistance to Mr Thurgood, his Majesty's Surveyor, in the sale of 
decayed trees in the Forest of Feckenham. He begs Salisbury to allow 
the bearer to inform him of the state of the King's woods there, and 
also of his (Leighton's) right in the woods of the manors of Feckenham 
and Hanbury, according to the late Queen's grant, which he trusts with 
Salisbury's favour to enjoy. Guernsey, 18 April, 1609. 
Holograph I p. (132 50) 



The Bishop of Ely, Miles Sandys and R. Cox to the Earl of 

Salisbury 

1609, April 18. — They found Mrs Anne Balam unfit to govern her 
person and estate, and therefore committed both to her brother Mr 
Egremond Ragland, a very discreet man, and best worthy to receive 
the residue of her estate after her liberal maintenance. But the day 
after he took upon him this charge the gentlewoman died, so that unless 
Salisbury be good to him he will lose all his labour and charges. This 
matter might have come better to pass if some wilful men had not both 
contemned their proceedings and neglected Salisbury's authority more 
than was fit. Dounham, 18 April, 1609. 
Signed I p. (195 102) 



The Earl of Shrewsbury to the Earl of Salisbury 
1609, April 20. — I thank you for procuring me his Majesty's licence 
for my absence from this feast, so near at hand. Mr Doctor Barrow of 
Cambridge is come hither, under whose hand I am to be held as a prisoner 
for 20 days at the least. God keep you from the gout or stone, and all 
other infirmities. I had not troubled you now, had not Mr Johnson, 
surveyor of his Majesty's woods in these parts, desired me to convey a 
letter of his to Sir Walter Cope. I present my wife's best commendations. 
Sheffield Lodge, 20 April, 1609. 
Holograph \p. (127 28) 



44 

Simon Wyllys to the Earl of Salisbury 
1609, April 21. — I desire to spend some longer time in France, to 
better my knowledge and avoid the shame of an idle life at home. It 
was only the near expiration of my licence that drew me thence, and had 
I not been called in question and restrained as I have been, my purpose 
was not to stay here longer than till I could have renewed my licence and 
resettled my fortune, wherein my three years' absence had wrought some 
distraction. I pray I may have licence as formerly. 21 April, 1609. 
Holograph I p. (127 29) 

The Privy Council to the Earl or Salisbury 
1609, April 24. — Great losses have happened to the merchants trading 
France by reason of the deceit and disloyalty of English cloth trans- 
ported thither. His Majesty, particularly for the settling of the said 
trade, has passed a treaty of late with the French King, and finds that 
without a form of government amongst the merchants it cannot be well 
observed. He is therefore inclinable to establish a company, without 
appropriating the same to any limited number of merchants, or to any 
one city or place, or suffering it to be used in any degree of monopoly, 
but to lay it open to all his subjects who are willing to enter on reasonable 
terms for the support thereof. Give notice of his pleasure to the cus- 
tomers and other officers of the ports, and all others to whom it may 
appertain, that there is no purpose to bar any mere merchant from the 
said trade, but only to establish a government for the good thereof and 
continuance of the treat}'; and give order that all such mere merchants 
willing to be conjoined in that trade or order, return their names to you 
by the 10th of June. Court at Whitehall, 24 April, 1609. 
Signed: T. Ellesmere, Cane, R. Salisbury, H. Northampton, Notting- 
ham, T. Suffold, E. Zouche, W. Knollys, J. Herbert, J. Stanhope, Jul. 
Caesar. 1 p. (127 30) 

Jane Jobson to the Earl of Salisbury 
1609, April 25. — On behalf of Anthonie Atkinson, late Surveyor of the 
port of Hull, who is in suit with one Fenton about an office. 

Her husband and she have been forced to sell land worth 160 1 per 
annum for payment of his brother's debts to the King since he was Cus- 
tomer of Hull; and by fire she has lost all her apparel, jewels and house- 
hold stuff; so their estate is much weakened. Nothing grieves her so 
much as a preacher they keep in their house, unto whom they are not 
able to give maintenance as they wish. Begs for the grant of an office or 
wardship. 'Your poor kinswoman.' Bromtingham, 25 April, 1609. 
Signed I p. (127 31) 

Henry Sanderson to Lord Salisbury 
1609, April 25. — There is a commission, copy of which he encloses, 
directed to him, George Warde and Ambrose Dudley, for the sale of 
trees blown down in Chappell Wood. There is also a warrant from Salis- 
bury that Mr Thomas Murey, schoolmaster to the Duke of York, should 
have certain timber out of the same. Warde, the bailiff there, by colour 
of the commission, refuses to deliver Murey's wood. Asks instructions 



45 

Details abuses and spoils committed by Warde and his officers in those 
woods. Reports as to other trees blown down in his Majesty's woods 
within Durham and suggests appointment of commissioners. Barwick, 
25 April, 1609. 
Partly holograph I p. (132 51) 

[Sir Thomas Edmondes] to [the Earl of Salisbury] 
1609 [April] 26. — The Confessor sent again into Spain to give satisfac- 
tion in the particular points of the treaty, according to a paraphrase 
made by President Richardot, and to procure the payment of debt to 
the army and the settling of the State Composition with the army for 
the 3rd part of their arrearages. 'I understand that the Pope not 
knowing what to determine in the complaints of the continual dissensions 
between the English Jesuits and the Benedictines, he hath given them 
this general answer, that if they do not better agree he will revoke both 
the orders out of England; which doth much displease the Jesuits that 
the Benedictines should be put in such equal rank with them.' 
Abstract (227 p. 358) 

Anne, Lady Brouncker to the Earl of Salisbury 
1609, April 28. — I desire your favour in my grief. Lord Hay first pro- 
cured letters to Sir James Ley and Sir John Davyes to know whether 
Mr Brouncker's lease of the impost of wines in Ireland might be avoided, 
and they answered it could not. I now hear he purposes to send over his 
agent to find out some new matter to avoid the lease. I hope Mr 
Brouncker's deserts were not such as his distressed wife and children 
should be thus vexed as to seek advantage of forfeitures. The lease was 
engaged by him for above 4000 1 ; besides 1 have no other means to 
provide portions for my five younger children. Although Lord Hay has 
neither honour nor humanity to desire these courses, yet I have cause 
to fear him, considering how great he is and how little I am respected. 
You wrote to Mr Brouncker that the Bang's promise was no advantage 
of forfeiture should be taken: and the Lord Deputy provided in Lord 
Hay's lease that no omission past should be prejudicial to the lease in 
being. I beseech you uphold my poor estate. Kingestreete, 28 April, 
1609. 
Holograph Endorsed: 'The Ladie Brownkar.' 1 p. (127 32) 

Viscount Byndon to the Earl of Salisbury 
1609, April 29. — I request your picture in the Garter robes, to be 
placed in a gallery 1 lately made for the pictures of my friends, whose 
presentation daily to behold will greatly delight me to walk often in that 
place. Also your favour to Mr Jhon Budden, whose faithful attendance 
on your affairs is publicly known. One John Jesop, a physician, who is 
ever busy in cunning practices for his own commodity, lately found a 
ward, by a little 'quyllet' of land which came to him by a void exchange. 
This ward I took to have been mine, as holden of my manor of Sutton 
Poynts, and bestowed on Mr Budden: which now happening in your 
gift, I desire you to confirm the same to him. 29 April, 1609. 
Holograph \p. (127 33) 



46 

The Bishop of Rochester to the Earl of Salisbury 
1609, April 29. — Begs Salisbury to excuse him to the King for not 
waiting upon him tomorrow. Their College gardener here at West- 
minster yesterday buried his wife of the sickness, and though the house 
in which she died be somewhat remote from the College, yet the gardener 
had been within the College since her sickness. Therefore he holds it fit 
that he and his servants should forbear so close attendance about the 
King till time gives better security that there is no danger. 

Dr Smith has desired to preach before his Majesty tomorrow, purpos- 
ing to crave some pardon for the error of his last sermon, and with some 
better discourse somewhat to recover his good opinion; wherewith my 
Lord of Bath and Wells has acquainted his Majesty, and he is well con- 
tented that he do so. Westminster College, 29 April, 1609. 
Holograph \p. (195 103) 

Lord Norreys to the Earl of Salisbury 
[1609, April] — As to the fee due to him out of such trees as the King 
shall either sell or give away. Some of what he challenges is granted by 
the Attorney- General, as the enclosed shows. He complains that Sir 
Robert Johnson and Sir Francis Stonard will not make any valuation 
of his tees, though he is willing to accept anything they set down in 
writing. They might sell 700 trees, the barks and tops of which are 
worth 700 angels, but he will take so many French crowns, which 
comes to 170 1 ; which allowance he will either take in money, in trees, or 
let it be deducted from the debt he owes the King for his subsidies. 
Undated. 
Holograph Endorsed: 'April 1609.' I p. (132 52) 

Humfrey Wheeler to the Earl of Salisbury 
[1609, April] — He did not receive the enclosed warrant for the appre- 
hension of Richard Moore till March 20th. He immediately went to 
Moore's usual abode, 20 miles distant, found he was newly departed, 
and stayed there for him till the date of the warrant was expired. If 
Salisbury renews the warrant, he has no doubt but to apprehend Moore, 
and bring or send him up. Since the warrant expired, Moore has been 
within four miles of the writer's house three times. Undated. 
Holograph Endorsed: 'Rec: in April 1609.' 2 pp. (127 34) 

Sir Henry Goodere to the Earl of Salisbury 
[1609, April] — To remain guilty in Salisbury's opinion would lay a 
heavy burden on him ; he therefore seeks to rectify himself. He did not 
hunt after 'that business' at first, but took it when it was presented to 
him, and might have fallen into worse hands; and he only proceeded 
therein as seemed lawful and requisite for his reputation. After the 
King had shown inclination to his first motion, he did not urge am' 
advantage of priority, but was contented to join with him who made a 
later petition; and when he understood that his proceedings were dis- 
tasteful he abandoned them. Regrets that Salisbury's name was used 
therein; but Salisbury will not punish an oversight like a crime. Begs 
for his favour. Undated. 
Holograph Endorsed: 'April 1609.' I p. (195 101) 



47 

The Earl of Dunbar to [the Earl of Salisbury] 
[? 1609, April] — I received your letter this morning. The Prince 
being here with us has heard of the King how merry and glad he was at 
the reading of the same, and in presence of all that was in the bed- 
chamber he has spoken more of your wisdom and good nature than I am 
able to express. He says before us all in public hearing of many these 
words: 'I believe not a king in the world has such a Secretary as I have, 
both for earnest matter and great affairs, and also for jest; and his 
nature is even according to my heart's desire; for were it that I had in 
his place a sour 'mallancolleows' humour of a man that were 'sattereke', 
having so great affairs to do with me as my Lord of Salisbury has, then 
would I break my heart, but the greatest affairs that he ever has to do 
with me he does deliver them with so good method and so pleasantly, 
as I protest to God I will never weary in doing my affairs and giving of 
dispatches with him, more than if I were at some sport upon the fields.' 
The Lord Hay, who came in to the end of our discourse, can show you 
something of his Majesty's contentment. His Majesty has read your 
letter sent unto me, and has perused all your papers enclosed therewith. 
He, having well considered, conceives a great contrariety between the 
King's ratification and the Archduke's treaty; for, says his Majesty, in 
the treaty they are acknowledged as a free estate, and in the ratification 
the Duke and Infanta are termed sovereign lord and lady proprietors of 
the Low Countries. And yet his Majesty notwithstanding agrees with 
the opinion of your letter, that it is a 'branse' of the Spanish humour 
agreeing with their Spanish ostentation, and that they will not stand to 
give satisfaction. I am glad you wrote your letter in so jesting a style, 
for his Majesty was well pleased with it. I was directed to send back all 
these papers to you. In your next you will let us know when we shall 
see you. Undated. 

Holograph Endorsed by Salisbury's secretary: 'E. of Downbar to my 
Lord.' 2 pp. (124 48) 

Lord Grey to the Earl of Salisbury 
[1609, May 1.] — Besides all those trees in Chase, Park and Abbotts 
Wood ordered by Sir Robert Johnson to be felled, he is resolved to fell 
those which grow on the demesnes to my house at Whadon, and on the 
closes and hedgerows, to the number of 200, whereby inconvenience will 
grow to those grounds and blemish to the seat. Send him word to 
forbear these grounds, and to be content with those he has fallen in the 
woods. That dwelling is precious to me, and the country takes some 
argument of despair touching me from the dismantling of these grounds. 
My mother thanks you for directing that she should have the buying of 
the trees in Abbotts Wood at a reasonable rate. I shall be glad to hear 
by this bearer how his Majesty accepts my poor lines. Undated. 
Holograph Endorsed: '1 May 1609. L. Grey to my Lord from the 
Tower.' I p. (127 35) 

Lord Norreys to the Earl of Salisbury 
1609, May 1. — As not less than 170 1 may grow due to him out of the 
commissioners' wood sales, he begs that the sheriff may not distrain on 



48 

him for his debts for subsidies, 160 1 . He did not demand allowance of 
the barks and tops of the trees the King has lately given to the University 
of Oxford. This office was bought by his grandfather from Mr Denham. 
The only benefit he has had, when he last accompanied the commission- 
ers in their survey, was to take a great cold. Its only good to its holder 
is that he appoints a lieutenant and two keepers. His lieutenant is Sir 
Francis Curson, who will hardly be able to clear himself from some 
offences he is charged to have committed against the King in matter of 
woods; so that he must provide another, and asks directions whom to 
place there. If one were chosen by some whom the King reposed in, the 
writer might be freer from blame. If any matters come into question, he 
wishes it may be in an arbitrable fashion, rather than in a course of law. 
Ricott, 1 May, 1609. 
Holograph 2 pp. (127 36) 

Dorothy, Lady Geaye, to Sir Charles Cornwallis 
[1609 or earlier] May 3. — She made known to him by her last letters 
her earnest occasion for the use of her money, whereof as yet she remains 
unsatisfied. Hopes he makes no question of her right to it, and desires 
him to discharge the trust reposed in him. London, May 3. 
Signed \p. (196 139) 

The Lord Treasurer to [Sir Thomas Edmondes] 
1609 [May] 4. — Touching the Baron of Hoboque's wife whose ill 
usage, at which she was so much discontented, proceeded out of her 
unsociable humour. The negotiation about Hoens well approved. 'I 
have spoken somewhat to your servant concerning yourself, which may 
suffice till I hear your answer.' 
Abstract (227 ^.358) 

J. Norden to Lord Treasurer Salisbury 
1609, May 4. — I have viewed the defects of the palings of Farnham 
Parks with Mr Arondell, chief keeper of the little park, and the two 
keepers of the great park, and a skilful paler. I find the pales universally 
defective, especialby the little park next the Castle, the pales for the 
most part rotten, unpinned and loose, the rails old and weak, the posts 
and shores past use. Because your pleasure was to have only a present 
supply to retain the deer from ranging the country, I have advertised 
you in the enclosed of every pale wanting and every defective rail and 
post, and of other requisite supplies. I remain here till I know your 
pleasure, and then go towards the New Forest. Farneham, 4 May, 1609. 
Holograph I p. (127 37) 

Postal endorsements: 'For his Majesty's special service. Farneham one of 
the clock in the after noone. R. at Herfordbridge the 4 of May at 6 of the 
Clocke in the after noone beinge Thursday. Stanes at 11 at night.' 

Sir Thomas Smith to the Earl of Salisbury 
[1609] May 4. — Thanks him for continuing his pension after him to his 
son. As to his health he sees little hope for remedy or any long continu- 
ance; on the other side, if he might trust the examples of many others, 



49 

he might think his state not utterly past remedy. He is now preferred to 
asses' milk for his chief physic. Wishes he had been less busy with 
physic, which he knows has much hurt him, though he may not say so 
to the physicians, nor they believe it. 4 May. 
Holograph Endorsed: '1609'. I p. (127 38) 

John Bowssar to the Earl of Salisbury 
1609, May 4. — He preferred a new bill against Sir John Swynarton for 
false oaths and forgeries, which bill is to be dismissed, according to the 
enclosed certificate of the committees to whom it was referred, on 
account of its length. The necessary circumstances could not by the 
learning of man be contracted in 20 or 30 sheets of paper. This dismissal 
will cause his disgrace, the loss of 10,000! to his Majesty, and the embold- 
ening of Sir John in his exorbitant courses. A motion is intended in the 
Star Chamber that the writer should be committed and pay great costs 
for depraving an alderman unjustly; and he begs Salisbury to be in 
Court tomorrow, or relieve him by some other means. London, 4 May, 
1609. 
Holograph I p. (127 40) 

The Enclosure 
The certificate above referred to, given by Sir Thomas Fleming, Lord 
Chief Justice of England, Sir Edward Cooke, Lord Chief Justice of the 
Common Pleas, Sir Henry Hobart, Attorney- General, and Sir Francis 
Bacon, Solicitor-General. 20 February, 1608. 
I p. (127 39) 

Aaron Rathborne to 



1609, May 5. — Particulars respecting lands in Yorkshire which he has 
been sent to survey. The lands of Sir Thomas Metcalfe and the other 
tenants of Mydleham and Richmond mentioned. York, 5 May, 1609. 
I p. (P.2117) 

Sir Symond Weston to Lord Treasurer Salisbury 
[1609] May 6. — He was three months since given to understand that 
Salisbury commanded his service in the sale of some of his Majesty's 
woods, but has hitherto received no warrant. Is ready to perform the 
service. St Jones, 6 May. 
Holograph Endorsed: '1609' I p. (127 41) 

Ditton Park 

1609, May 6. — Warrant from the Earl of Nottingham to the Controller 
and Surveyor of his Majesty's Castle and Honor of Windsor. 

The mansion house in his Majesty's park called Ditton Park, co. 
Bucks, and the outhouses are much decayed. Orders them to view the 
decays, and certify what money and timber are required for the repairs. 
Whitehall, 6 May, 1609. 

Note at foot by John Trevor: Edward Jobsone attend this service, first 
imparting this warrant to Sir John Norris, and together with his man 
take this survey when pleasing to Lord Shandoes, whom it concerns. 1 
June, 1609. 
Endorsed: 'For my Lo. Chandois.' I p. (127 42) 



50 

Henry Berkley to the Lords [of the Privy Council] 
1609, May 6. — In reply to theirs of April 9, inquiring of his title to the 
soil and woods of Kingeswood Chace, Gloucestershire, he claims no part 
of inheritance therein but what is parcel of his manor of Bitton adjoining, 
whereof he and his ancestors since Henry 3rd have been in possession, 
and have under that King's grant taken the profits by woodsales, coaling, 
tilepits and such like, which he hopes with their good liking still to enjoy. 
Callowdon, 6 May, 1609. 
Signed \p. (127 43) 

The Bishop of Rochester to the Earl of Salisbury 
1609, May 6. — Refers to his letter of April 29 [see above], and begs to 
be excused from attending his Majesty tomorrow. Though he and all his 
people stand without suspicion of infection, yet in the house of one 
Chaunter, who has his dwelling within the College walls, two young 
gentlemen who boarded with him are sick; and he is enforced by fear of 
the inconvenience that might ensue to the 140 or rather 160 children 
who have daily concourse to the School, to dismiss all the Oppidalls 
and to send away all the foundation scholars to the College house at 
Cheswicke, where they shall remain all this summer. He desires to take 
a week of airing, either at Cheswicke or at Bromeley, before he again 
attends his Majesty. Westminster College, 6 May, 1609. 
Holograph \p. (195 104) 

Warrant to the Earl of Salisbury 
1609, May 7. — Guillaume de Genett was sent by Monsieur de Rohan 
to provide horses in England for his use, and brought over certain 
foreign coin, but has not employed it all. He is to be permitted to 
transport the residue, 6oo crowns, out of the realm. Palace of West- 
minster, 7 May, 7 Jac. 
Signed by the King \p. (127 44) 

Mildreda Trafforde to the Earl of Salisbury 
1609, May 8. — This last vacation there came a charge out of the Court 
of Exchequer upon my jointure in Yorkshire, which I have out of Mr 
Read's lands, for 25 1 due by Sir Thomas Gresham in Ids lifetime. There 
never came any charge on that land since it came to my hands; and my 
grandfather. your father, thought it to be free from incumbrance. Since 
Sir Thomas Gresham had very great revenues, I beg you to discharge my 
jointure thereof, especially during my life, which is not like to be long. 
With remembrance of Mr Trafford's duty, your Lordship's niece. 
Trafford. 8 May, 1609. 
Holograph I p. (127 45) 

Impositions 
1609, May 9. — Warrant for altering the impositions upon certain 
goods, wares and merchandise. Westminster, 9 May, 1609 
Portion of seal 2 ms (220 2) 



51 

[Sir Thomas Edmondes] to [the Earl of Salisbury] 
1609, May 10. — The Archduke, to avoid importunity of suits upon 
the truce, gone to Marymont, ten leagues from Brussels. Advertise- 
ments of Cleves. Terrail's execution at Geneva. English gold so plenti- 
ful there that the peasants pay their contributions with it. 
Abstract (227 p. 358) 

[The same] to [the same] 
1609, May 10. — A private letter. In acknowledgment of my Lord's 
favour in employing him into France. 
Abstract (227 p. 358) 

Robert Gregory, his Majesty's searcher in Poole, 
to the Earl of Salisbury 
1609, May 11. — By the order established between the King's officers 
and the farmers' deputies, copies of all cockets and warrants should be 
delivered to the King's searcher, and priority of searching and sealing 
of uncustomed goods belongs to him; and no farmers' searcher should 
deliver cockets or dispatch ships secretly without his privity and until his 
fees were paid. Complains that John Come, the farmers' searcher, being 
'compacket' with the merchants, by night continually delivers their 
cockets and dispatches their ships without his knowledge and consent, 
to the defrauding of the King; and begs reformation thereof. Poole, 11 
May, 1609. 
Holograph I p. (127 46) 

Lord Haryngton to the Earl of Salisbury 
1609, May 11. — Thanks him for procuring for him the lieutenancy of 
the county wherein he and his ancestors have long lived: for taking in 
good part his offer of his son: and for granting him the sole buying of 
the timber in Combe. Begs that in the sale of the timber in Lawnd 
Wood no stranger may have an interest therein, as Sir William Smyth 
now seeks to have, more of malice than of any other use. Details 
reasons against a sale to Smyth. Begs that what he is now to pay for the 
timber on Combe demesne may be taken out of that he is to receive for 
her Grace's [Princess Elizabeth's] allowance out of the Exchequer. 
Kewe, 11 May, 1609. 
Signed I p. (127 47) 

John Norden to the Earl of Salisbury 
1609, May 11. — Certifies the present state of the woods within the 
Forest of Aliceholt and the sales presently made. Farneham, 11 May. 
1609. 
Holograph I p. (132 55) 

Joseph Skelton's Charges 

1609, May 12. — Charges paid by Joseph Skelton in his voyage into 
the Low Countries. 

Includes charges for bringing over Andreas van Scape. The account 
is countersigned by Thomas Wilson, John Dackombe and Edward 
Darby. Skelton's receipt at foot. 12 May, 1609. 
1 p. (214 64) 



52 

Sir Thomas Smith to the Earl of Salisbury 
[1609, May 12] — I received from Sir Thomas Lake instructions for 
five letters, which I enclose. Undated. 
Holograph Endorsed: '12 May 1609' \p. (127 48) 

Sir Henry Guldeforde to the Earl of Salisbury 
1609, May 12. — Encloses information as to the woods in the Broyle, 
being surveyor of the woods and master of the game there. His uncle, 
Edward Gage, and John Hart the woodward are now in town, and can 
best inform Salisbury in the matter. 12 May, 1609. 
Holograph I p. (132 56) 

Whittlewood Forest 
1609, May 12. — Warrant signed by the Earl of Salisbury and Sir 
Julius Caesar, and addressed to Sir Thomas Tiringham and Sir Robert 
Johnson, Commissioners, to cut down and sell the trees and bushes in 
the chief riding ways and passages in the Forest of Whittlewood, co. 
Northampton, for convenience of the King's sports. Whitehall, 12 May, 
1609. 
I .p. (132 57) 

Lord Sheffield to the Earl of Salisbury 
[1609] May 13. — I am disabled to attend you about that business of 
'allomes' [alum] by a powerful ague, and make no other reckoning but 
this sickness will prove to death. I am troublesome to you by these 
lines, first, in honour, not to be wanting to my partners in my last 
request: secondly, in conscience, for having received of Mr Tumor much 
money for a great part of that profit I may expect by that business, I 
would not be less careful for his good than if the whole profit should 
come to me. You have honourably dealt with us, and if we may now 
be secured such payments as are to come to us, as you intended, we may 
rest safe in the expectation thereof. For what further is fit to be done 
by me, I will be concluded by whatever Mr Bourchier shall consent to, 
of whose honesty and discretion I am persuaded. May 13. 

PS. — Your dead sick friend is only able to write this much as his last 
farewell, that he loved you living and doth so dying; and I desire you 
that that honourable favour I acknowledged from you may after me be 
transferred upon those I shall leave behind me, if they deserve it by 
their dutiful respect towards you, and that what favour at this instant 
you meant me it may tend to their use, according to my will 'wekly' 
made in my sickness, of which I am humbly to entreat you will be sole 
supervisor. 

Signed, the postscript in Lord Sheffield's hand Endorsed: '1609.' 1 p. 
(127 49) 

Sir William Smithe to the Earl of Salisbury 

1609, May 13. — He, with Mr Treswell, prayed Lord Harington that 

lie might buy part of the trees the King is now selling in Lawnd Woods, 

which adjoin his house; but Harington answered he should have never 

a stick, and thought it an indignity any man should have a tree which 



53 

grew on his soil. By Harington's letters he sees he desires that he only 
may buy the King's timber, and so engross all the woods in Leicester- 
shire for 10 or 12 miles around; with a pretence that the writer makes 
his suit out of malice, calling him a stranger in the shire where his 
ancestors have dwelt for almost 200 years. Wonders Harington should 
show such spleen, it being forbidden by Salisbury that any one man 
should buy all the timber and others have none. Begs that he may buy 
the timber in the West Wood, being the fourth part. London. 13 Mav, 
1609. 
Holograph I p. (127 50) 

Bartholomew Haggatt to George Calvert 
1609, May 13. — Certain tenants of the manor of Tynmouth and 
Tynmouthshire will come this day with a petition for composition and 
confirmation of their copyholds. Gives particulars of their tenures and 
discusses the best means of obtaining certain sums of money for himself 
and Calvert, for their furtherance of the matter with 'my Lord' [Salis- 
bury]. A lease of the Earl of Northumberland's of the lands in question 
is mentioned. Crouched Fryers, 13 May, 1609. 
Holograph 1J pp. (132 58) 

Roger Goad to the Earl of Salisbury 
1609, May 13. — A report has lately been spread both in Cambridge 
and London to some of eminent place that at the last Assizes here in Lent 
he privately and instantly solicited Lord Cooke for an indictment 
against Mr Lyle for the death of his son (wounded by Lyle) who died in 
January. 

The report is like to be Mr Lyle's, to have the suit against him in the 
Star Chamber withdrawn. The motion having been made to the 
Attorney-General by one of good place, Mr Lyle's kinsman, who was 
egregiously abused by that crafty, lewd fiction, even as Goad himself 
was (being made the author) and also the Dean of Canterbury upon 
whom it was falsely fathered to be a witness of that speech. Mr Attorney 
has desired to be further certified herein. Has answered by letter utterly 
negative that it was mere false surmise arising from a guilty accusing 
conscience to avoid the censure of that high court to which Salisbury 
has referred the cause. Whereupon Mr Attorney rested satisfied. 

This rumour might come to abuse his Lordship, therefore signifies this 
much for truth, whereby it may appear that the party ceases not still 
to tumble up and down in craft as formerly he was rightly censured. 
Thanks his Lordship for kind respect to his son lately showed in the 
business by him moved. From King's College in Cambridge this Xlllth 
of May, 1609. 
Holograph Seal I p. (136 197) 

John Norden to the Lord Treasurer 

1609, May 15. — Reports the proceedings of the jury on wastes, held 

at Brokenhurst in the New Forest. Inefficiency of the inquiry; it being 

rumoured that the business was clean overthrown, and that he (Norden) 

was no more to come into the country; those who could give evidence 



54 

having been wrought upon by the offenders to withhold it, and doubts 
being thrown upon the commission. He has appointed them the 10th 
of July to make their final presentment. Details arrangements he is 
making for sales of wood. Brokenhurst New Forest. 15 May, 1609. 
Holograph I p. (132 59) 

[Sir Thomas Edmondes] to [the Earl of Salisbury] 
1609, May 17.— A letter from my Lord to President Richardot with 
which he was much pleased, laying the fault of former proceedings upon 
the Spaniards, whose presumption and ignorance was the cause of 
ruining all the affairs wherein they had to deal. The Baron of Hoboque's 
wife complains that in two years she could not see the Queen. 
Abstract (227 p. 359) 

ThE Earl of Salisbury to [Sir Thomas Edmondes] 
1609 [May] 17. — Touching the Proclamation of strangers fishing 
upon the coast, wherein many reasons alleged in general; in particular 
concerning the state of the Archdukes' countries. If it be alleged that 
heretofore those countries as parcel of the house of Burgundy were 
possessed of the liberty of fishing without being tied to ask leave for it, 
you may answer that in those days there were in all of those of the 
house of Burgundy not 100 sail that resorted upon our coasts for fishing, 
where now there resorts of the Netherlands above 2000 at a time; so 
that a new disorder may well admit a new remedy. Besides that, we 
do not acknowledge this particular treaty of Hen. 7 to be so full in force 
as we should be tied thereby more strictly to them than they are to us, 
who in man}^ particulars do not stick to proceed beyond the prescript of 
the treaty. The general reasons out of the civil law: the Emperor is said 
to be mundi dominus, lex maris. Kings have now the same sovereignty. 
Mare dicitur esse de territorio illius civitatis cui magis appropinquat 
(saith Baldwin) et ideo Veneti quia domini sunt maris Adriatici possunt 
imponere navigantibu-s vectigalia et adversus contrafacientes poenam 
adjicere.' 
Abstract (227 p. 359) 

Rock Church to the Earl of Salisbury 
[1609], May 17. — As to Mr Johnson's proceedings in the sale of woods 
belonging to the Duchy in Yorkshire: the survey of Bradleyashe in 
Derbyshire for the Earl; and as to woods in Duffilde Frythe belonging 
to the Duchv, sold by Mr Gibson to the Earl of Shrewsbury. Wingfilde, 
17 May. 
Holograph Endorsed: 'Rock Church, 1609.' 1 p. (132 60) 

Sir Henry Guldeforde to Lord [Salisbury] 
1609, May 19. — The Attorney -General thinks there should be a 
warrant for stay of felling, lopping, etc, in Broyle Park, until the Council 
is informed by what right the same is done. This is what the King's 
tenants, commoners in the Broyle and the country there, look for, they 
knowing the wrong the King receives in these proceedings. The wood- 
ward is John Hart, dwelling in Ringmer, and he should be required in 



55 

the warrant to give Guldeforde notice of sucli proceedings, and also to 
attend the Attorney- General next term to report. Of his difficulties in 
executing his office [of surveyor] there. May 19, 1609. 
Holograph I p. (132 61) 

Sm Richard Knyghtley to the Earl of Salisbury 
1609, May 21. — His Majesty has given Lord Hayes the fine of 500 
marks which in the time of Queen Elizabeth was imposed on me in the 
Star Chamber, but which, by her special command, I was not troubled 
for. Now an execution against my body, land and goods has come to the 
Sheriff. I, not expecting this, have long since so disposed of my estate 
to my children as only a very sparing maintenance remains. Help to 
free my age of that misery which this fine threatens, if it be not stayed, 
or at some easy rate compounded. Norton, 21 May, 1609. 
Holograph Ip. (127 51) 

Sir William Waad to the Earl of Salisbury 
1609, May 21. — Lord Sheffield's suit for the 'privilege of allam' 
(alum) was referred to the Council. The patent was first granted to 
Waad' s father and one Kendall, and after to one Cornelius, brought 
from beyond seas by Waad's father. In the new grant which Lord 
Mountjoy had, Waad had a part also. He therefore prayed the Council 
that if any such patent were granted, he might not be excluded, which 
Lord Sheffield promised, as was reason, the charge and industry of his 
father having first brought that matter to trial. He now understands 
the King resumes the patent, giving Sheffield an annuity for the same. 
Begs that Sheffield may be required to make him an allowance out of 
the annuity. 21 May, 1609. 
Holograph* I p. (127 59) 

Anthony Atkinson to the Earl of Salisbury, 
Sir Julius Caesar and Sir Laurence Tanfield 
1609, May 23. — He has spent great sums of money, and endured many 
arrests and troubles, in his suit against Fenton, which tends only to the 
benefit of the King and commonwealth. Fears he will be overweighed 
for want of money to prosecute it, and is in danger of prison for debts for 
money spent in the late Queen's service about the apprehending of 
Boost and other traitors, and other services. Begs for sufficient main- 
tenance to finish the suit. London, 23 May, 1609. 
Holograph \p. (127 52) 

The Privy Council to the Earl of Salisbury 
1609, May 24.— The suit of Robert Bell and Ottawell Smyth, on be- 
half of the merchants trading France, for an imposition to be laid on all 
woollen drapery, for freeing the merchants of an edict of the French 
King for the confiscation of English cloths, was found very necessary; 
and the imposition was increased by 2d a pound on all merchandise 
transported to France for four years, which expires on July 16 next. 
The Council are now asked to continue the imposition for one year 
longer, which they think expedient, and pray Salisbury to direct the 



56 

officers of the ports accordingly: the impositions to be paid over to Bell 
and Smyth as heretofore. If the merchants can make up sufficient to 
pay the debts for which they are engaged through the above cause, they 
have promised to certify Salisbmy, and will thereupon desire no further 
help by this imposition. Palace of Whitehall, 24 May, 1609. 
Signed: T. Ellesmere, Cane; R. Salisbur}^; H. Northampton; T. Suffolk; 
E. Zouche; W. Knollvs; J. Herbert; E. Worcester; Tho. Parry. 1 p. 
(127 53) 

Sir Henry Slyngesby to the Earl of Salisbury 
1609, May 24. — Details of Mr [Thomas] Johnson's improper pro- 
ceedings in the sale of woods in Fullwithe, Yewrewith, Norwood, 
Okeden and Harlowe, Swindon, Allrom and the Perkes. His personal 
dealings, as commissioner and collector, with Mr Johnson at Knares- 
borough. Encloses copy of a warrant by Johnson making proclamation 
for further sale, which would have been executed had he not been stayed 
by Salisbury's letter. Replies to the charge of neglecting the King's 
service brought against him by Johnson. Sherbourne, 24 May, 1609. 
Holograph 3 pp. (132 62)' 

The Enclosure 
Tho. Johnson to Robert Norton, Deputy- Bailiff for the borough of 
Knaresborough. Warrant for the sale of the King's woods there. 
Knaresborough, 3 May, 1609. 
Contemporary copy \p. (132 53) 

[Sir Thomas Edmondes] to [the Earl of Salisbury] 
1609, [May] 24. — A placart published for valuation of moneys. No 
money out of Spain. The sum granted by the Provinces 120,000 crowns 
designed for payment of the AUemans. 
Abstract (227 p. 359) 

The Earl of Sussex to Lord [Salisbury] 
1609, May 25. — The King has granted his request to appoint his 
cousin Thomas Mildemay deputy-lieutenant of Essex. Begs Salisbury 
to inform the Lord Chancellor, that he may have a new commission 
granted and Mildemay named therein. Charterhouse, 25 May, 1609. 
Holograph I p. (127 54) 

Aaron Rathborne to the Earl of Salisbury 
1609, May 25. — Encloses his survey of Langthorpe Grange, parcel of 
the possessions of Mr Langdale, now prisoner in the Fleet, which is to 
be assigned to his Majesty for the yearly payment of his fine of 1400 1 
estalled at 50 1 per annum. Recommends that his Majesty take over the 
land for an absolute satisfaction, and regrant it to certain gentlemen in 
that country, who will give security for the payment of the whole fine 
in 14 years by 100 1 a year. 

He hopes shortly to effect survey of those lands of which Salisbury 
requires a speedy return for sale. Purposes to go Northward for 
dispatch of the business for woods there. Ryppon, 25 May, 1609. 
Holograph I p. (127 55) 



57 

Sir Richard Hawkyns to the Earl of Salisbury 
1609, May 25. — My forcible attendance to support my reputation, 
continually assailed by malice favoured by authority, makes me beg for 
satisfaction of my bill of 'Ankers.' Sir Robert Mansfield tells me he has 
now money in his hands, wherewith to make payment, if you please that 
it shall be allowed him in his account. 25 May, 1609. 
Holograph \p. (127 56) 

Countess of Derby to Lord Treasurer Salisbury 
1609, May 25. — As her son the Earl of Huntingdon's health does not 
serve him to attend Salisbury, he has desired her to satisfy Salisbury in 
a matter in which he has been injuriously dealt with. It has been 
reported to Salisbury that Huntingdon lately bought of his Majesty 
some woods lying conveniently to his use at above 800 1 or 900 1 under 
the value thereof. He answers that whoever will give him 900 1 for them 
(which cost him upon the point of 800 1 ), he shall willingly have the 
bargain. He is also content for a new survey to be made, and if it 
appear the woods have been undervalued, and that any other will give 
more, the Earl will strain himself as far as any other. Suggests that the 
report is merely a colour to cross her son for private ends. York House, 
25 May, 1609. 

Holograph Endorsed: 'The Countess Dowager of Derby.' 1 p. 
(127 57) 

The Earl of Shrewsbury to the Earl of Salisbury 
and Sir Julius Caesar 
1609, May 25. — Reports on the misdemeanours committed in the 
woods in Byrkland and Bellowhey in the Forest of Sherwood by counter- 
feit marking; and encloses certificate of the matter. Dand, one of the 
offenders, who has long depended on him (Shrewsbury), acted through 
ignorance; but by reasons of differences in forest matters between my 
Lord of Rutland and him, wherein he has used Dand, he doubts Rutland 
would seek to prosecute Dand. Prays that Dand and Hall, another of 
the offenders, may only have an information framed against them in the 
Exchequer, and be fined with such favour as Salisbury may think good. 
Welbeck in the Forest of Shyrewood, 25 May, 1609. 
Holograph 2 pp. (132 64) 

The Enclosure 
View of the misdemeanours committed in Byrkelande and Billawhey 
Woods, in Sherwood Forest. 

Signed: Lancelot Rolston, James Bacon, John Handylstan and Rock 
Churche, 6 May, 1609. 2 pp. (132 54) 

Brief of the States' bonds 

[1609, May 26.]— 18 January, 1577. A declaration that the States of 
the Low Countries are in actual war with the Spaniards, and therefore 
desire her Majesty's aid with money. 

19 January, 1577. Whereupon they are furnished by her Majesty 

CM— F 



58 

with 20,00g 1 , Mons r . Swevingham being sent over to solicit it; for the 
repayment whereof they give their bonds, as also divers towns, viz, 18 
January, 1577, Gaunt; 5 February, 1577, Bridges; 20 February, 1577. 
Dunkirk; 22 and 23 February, 1577, Bruxels; 3 April, 1577, Newport; 
to be repaid at London according to the States' bond the last of July, 
1577. 

1 July, 1578. They are furnished by her Majesty by the hands of 
Babtesta Spinola with 12,121 1 : 4: 0, for which they give her Majesty 
security by several bonds on 1 July, 1578. 

3 November, 1578: and by the other bonds undertake to secure her 
Majesty, the City of London and Mr Davison thereof. 

I July, 1578. They are also furnished with 16,63e 1 : 7 :3, by Horatio 
Pallavicino, for which they give her Majesty the like bonds both for 
discharge of that principal debt. 

3 November, 1578. and also to discharge her Majesty, the City of 
London and whom else soever engaged for the same. 

20 April, 1578. They are also furnished by her Majesty with 5,000! 
more, solicited by the Marquis of Haurech, and give their bond for the 
same. 

17 May, 1578. And further with 20,000! delivered them at Hamburgh 
by Christopher Hoddesdon, for which they also give their bonds. 

II July, 1578. And further with 20,000! more delivered them at 
Antwerp by Mr Davison, and give their bonds for the same. 

18 July, 1578. They are also furnished by her Majesty with 4,616!; 
13: 4, which is incorporated to their former debt of 28,757! : 11: 3, 
which became thereby to be 33.394 1 : 4: 4 (sic). 

They were also further furnished with 40,000! delivered to D. Casimire, 
for which, and the 5.000 1 which the Marquis of Haurech had, these towns 
gave their bonds, viz, 27 October, 1578, Antwerp: 23 November, 1578, 
Gaunt: 25 November, 1578, Bruges. 

15 May, 1579. They also by their instrument of that date give her 
Majesty a power to contract with Horatio Pallavicino and Babtesta 
Spinola for the prolongation of time for their debt to them upon such 
reasonable interest as may be. Undated 

Endorsed: 'Brief of the States' bonds; for the Lord Treasurer of 
England, 26 May, 1609.' I p. (127 58) 

Matthew Nelson to Sir Julius Caesar 
1609, May 26. — As to the claim of the tenants and inhabitants of 
Wigmore and other townships there, to the tops of all trees cut down in 
Darvoll, within the manor of Wigmore, a wood of the King's in Hereford : 
and the claim of the woodward to the bark as his fee. He details his 
proceedings with the tenants and gives particulars of Darvoll, and of the 
customary rights claimed therein, which he discusses. He has given the 
tenants till Trinity Sunday to acquaint the Lord Treasurer and Sir 
Julius Caesar with their demands; whereby they may take order that 
the business may proceed peaceably and with more profit to the King. 
As to felling of wood in Bringewood Forest and the prohibition. Garro- 
way, May 26, 1609. 
Holograph 2$ pp. (132 66) 



59 

The Earl of Huntingdon to the Earl of Salisbury 
1609, May 27. He has received Salisbury's and the Chancellor of the 
Exchequer's letter of the 16th, for stay of felling wood in Derbyshire, 
about which he contracted with Mr Gibson. He prays the woods may 
be viewed again, and if esteemed of greater worth than they are sold for, 
that he may have them before any other : as it would be a dishonour to 
him to have the bargain taken from him. Asheby, 27 May, 1609. 
Holograph I p. (132 68) 

Rock Church to the Earl of Salisbury 
1609, May 27. — He will answer on his going up next term the com- 
plaints made against him with respect to the sale of his Majesty's woods 
in Nottinghamshire. As to the sale of trees in Arnold Woods, co. Notts., 
and the claim of the tenants. Reported purchase of certain rights in the 
manor of Arnold by Roger Sullie and William Deverall for 1,100*. Some 
particulars of the manor, the demesne of which is now in lease to Lady 
Markham, wife of Sir Griffin Markham. The purchase is worth 3,000* 
or 4,000*. Nottingham, 27 May, 1609. 
Holograph I p. (132 69) 

Postal endorsements: Newark, 31 at 6. Ware, the second of June at 
eyght in the morninge. Waltham the second June at past 9 in the morn- 
inge. 

Sir Roger Aston to the Earl of Salisbury 
[1609, May 30] — His Majesty is very desirous to know what 'haynd 
caves' there is at Tebbales, and therefore desires you to send to Mr Flentt 
to know the certainty thereof and so to advertise his Majesty. From 
Grenwich this Tuesday forenoon. 
Holograph Endorsed: '30 May 1609.' \p. (Ill 21) 

Lord Sheffield to the Earl of Salisbury 
1609, May 30. — Of his weak condition. Is advised to get the benefit of 
country air. Begs Salisbury's furtherance for the dispatch of his instruc- 
tions. Though there is very great abridgement of that authority, yet he 
desires to end the matter without further trouble. There are two or 
three things which, for relief of his Majesty's subjects in that Govern- 
ment, he desires may be inserted in the instructions. He has acquainted 
Mr Attorney with them, and also the Lord Chancellor, who thinks them 
reasonable, and he hopes they will seem fit to Salisbury to be granted. 
Begs him to give directions to Mr Attorney to finish the business. 30 
May, 1609. 
Signed, with PS in Sheffield's hand. 1 p. (127 60) 

Sir Francis Stonor to Sir Walter Cope 
1609, May 30. — Reports his proceedings in the sale of trees in Berk- 
shire; at Okingham, the great park of Windsor, Mote Park, Follygeon 
Park, Sunnyng Hill Park, Esomstedd Park, and the walks belonging to 
the Honor of Windsor. On the Lord Admiral's letter, of which he en- 
closes copy, being published by Sir Richard Lovelace, buyers refused to 
proceed any further, and condemn him (Stonor) for acting without 



60 

authority. Protests that he intended only to do his Majesty's service by 
the sale. Encloses his answer to the Lord Admiral, which he begs Cope 
to forward if he approves it. Stonor, 30 May, 1609. 
(?) Holograph \\pp. (132 70) 

The Enclosure 
Sir F. Stonor to the Earl of Nottingham, Lord Admiral. On the same 
subject as the above. He has proceeded only upon the warrant given by 
Nottingham to Sir Robert Johnson and himself. He prays that he ma) 7 
either go forward with the sale, or be discharged with credit. Stonor, 1 
June. 
(?) Holograph I p. (132 73) 

[Sir Thomas Edmondes] to [the Earl of Salisbury] 
1609 [May] 30. — Touching the former matter he treated with President 
Richardot, who took some slight exceptions against it as against our new 
plantation in Virginia. 
Abstract (227 -p. 359) 

Bartholomew Haggatt to George Calvert 
1609, May 31. — He has attempted to make stay at Gainforth, Dur- 
ham, of 1200 timber trees sold there by Mr Johnson, and has desired 
'his Honour' [Salisbury] to signify his pleasure therein. Gives particulars 
of the woods and his reasons for desiring the stay. The sale would be 
the utter destruction of the woods, which are parcel of the Duke of 
York's land and part of the Lordship of Bernard Castle, and but 3 miles 
from Raby Castle, the Duke's seat, as is reported: for the repair of which 
timber should be reserved; and various neighbouring townships also 
claim timber from the woods for reparations. Abuses practised by Mr 
Johnson. Darlington, last of May, 1609. 
Holograph Endorsed: 'Bartholomew Haggat' Spp>. (132 71) 

Sir Simon Weston to the Lord Treasurer 
1609, May 31. — Reports his proceedings in the sale of his Majesty's 
woods, and asks instructions. St. Jones, 31 May, 1609. 
Holograph I p. (132 76) 

Minute to 

[1609, after May] — Moving him to procure his Majesty's letter to the 
Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster, for passing of the Earl of Shrews- 
bury's grant. Undated. 
Draft I p. (197 63) 

Minute to the [Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster] 
[1609, after May]. — Commending him for his refusal to affix the seal 
of the Duchy of Lancaster to certain grants under the Great Seal to the 
Earl of Shrewsbury, because they contained things contrary to a 
restraint lately issued by the King in respect of such grants, but 
authorising him, notwithstanding, to proceed to the passing of the said 
grant. 
Draft Undated I p. (197 62) 



61 

Sir Stephen Lesieur to the Earl of Salisbury 
1609, June 1. — Sir John Davyes, the King's Receiver-General for 
Essex, Hertford, London and Middlesex, is suddenly dead yesternight. 
Begs Salisbury's furtherance to obtain that office. 1 June, 1609. 
Holograph I p. (127 61) 

The Earl of Shrewsbury to the Earl of Salisbury 
1609, June 1. — This bearer, Mr Johnson, has had complaints made 
against him in the execution of his commission for sale of his Majesty's 
woods in Yorkshire. I assure you I cannot perceive but that he has 
carried himself very respectively, both for his Majesty's honour and 
profit, giving good satisfaction to the buyers and, especially, to his 
Majesty's tenants and the near inhabitants. But it is a very hard 
matter, or rather impossible, for any man so to behave himself in that 
employment that some, either for malice or private respects, will not 
seek to disgrace and slander. I assure myself that where you shall so 
find it, 3^ou will afford the more favour to them that are so wronged, 
which is my suit on his behalf. Sheffield Lodge, 1 June, 1609. 
Holograph I p. (127 62) 

John Woodward to the Earl of Salisbury 
1609, June 1. — He has delivered to the postmaster of Chester a 
certificate of the manor of Bushop's Castle, Salop, together with the 
surveys of lands, etc, called Abbots Cotton, Heathowse and Crabball, 
Cheshire. The surveys of the manors of Cartmeale and Nevill, Lanca- 
shire, he hopes to finish by next term. Chester, 1 June, 1609. 
Holograph Endorsed: 'Mr John Woodward, the surveyor of woods in 
the county of Chester.' \p. (132 74) 

Postal endorsements: 'For his Maties servis, hast hast post hast, give a 
care of this bage, enter it in your books. Chester 2 of June. 
At 10 in the afforenone. Jo. Francis post at Chester. At the wyche 
poste one in the afternonne the same day. Stone at 5 at night. Lichfild 
past 9 at night. Coleshull past 12 the same night. Daventry at 6 in the 
morninge. Tocester past 8 in the morninge. Breckhill at 11. Saint 
Albons past 2. Barnett at 4 of clocke and past. From the 3 cupes in 
Holborn past sixe a cloke in the afternonne.' 

Rock Church to the Earl of Salisbury 
1609, June 2. — In reply to charges made against him by officers of the 
Earl of Rutland, in connection with the sale of trees in Arnold Wood, 
Forest of Sherwood. Details his proceedings therein, and asks that the 
wood sold may be delivered. Nottingham, 2 June, 1609. 
Holograph Endorsed: 'Mr Rock Churche, the surveyor of woods within 
the county of Notts.' \\pp. (132 75) 

The Archbishop of Canterbury to Lord Treasurer Salisbury 
1609, June 3. — The party that is to bring over the Roman Catholic 
book lately printed at Arras is one Fowler, who has married Dr Tayler['s] 
sister, and is a principal spreader of books. He comes hither in a bottom 
of Dunkirk, with his wares, within a day or two, and is to be met with by 
searching those vessels at Gravesend. Lamb[eth]. 3 June, 1609. 
Holograph \p. (127 63) 



62 

Lord Norreys to the Earl of Salisbury 
1609, June 5. — The Commissioners for selling woods return to Shott- 
over Wood and Stowe Wood on the 8th. As they cannot sell, and the 
woods be felled and carried, before 'Fence Month,' he asks whether he 
should deny or suffer them to proceed. Details the Commissioners' 
previous proceedings there. Does not know whether they have sold 
more or fewer than they ought, because the number is only known to Sir 
Francis Stonard and Sir Robert Johnson. If the Master of the Game 
intermeddles (in keeping the account not in rating the prices), the King 
can be no way prejudiced nor himself profited, it being a matter of more 
difficulty for three to conspire together to benefit themselves who shall 
have dealing together only in one place, than for two who are joined 
together for selling through the whole county. That article is wise which 
appoints the commander of ever}^ forest or chase to be joined with these 
two; their having a stranger linked with them causes more likelihood 
why the King should have a true account made, than if there were three 
or more joined in a permanent commission. Effects of the publication 
of the commission, before kept private. The Commissioners have two 
defences to protect them from accounts: one, that they have liberty to 
sell as many 'doeated' trees as the county will vent; the other, that the 
King granted the University of Oxford 60 loads of wood for making the 
river navigable; wherein, if the King had given a certain number of 
trees, the reckoning had been easier made by far. If Salisbury saw the 
huge quantity of woods proportioned for those 60 loads, he would not 
think 400 ordinary carts were able to draw it. But Dr King, who 
managed the affair, would have no less; following it, as he uses all 
affairs he takes in hand, with extreme violence and passion. Details his 
own dealings as to the lops and bark. Gives reasons why, if the King 
purposes to nourish deer in those places, the woods must be preserved. 
As to former sales in these two woods. The party employed, with the 
woodward and a shipwright, was one Whisteler, lately a servant to Lord 
Knowelles, but now to the King, who was so well 'enabled' by that 
service as shows there is some strange secret whereby they that deal 
in these matters of woods extraordinarily benefit themselves. 

His lieutenant, Sir Francis Curson, of whom he long since complained, 
is still in the place, because he will set none other there unless appointed 
by the King or Salisbury; and if Salisbury refuses to direct him he 
purposes to know the King's pleasure; but he will have no need to make 
much haste, because Curson cannot suddenly do any further harm than 
he has done already, it being in reasonable good state for deer. The 
courses taken by Curson, his servants and the shipwright, are most ex- 
orbitant in the matter of woods: 'some that should have been swimming 
on the seas have been lately found hidden in the entrails of the earth 
buried there, hoping to have covered their faults;' but by whom is not 
yet known. If inquiry be made, by commission or otherwise, he will 
employ his travail that the truth may appear. Ricott, 5 June, 1609. 
Holograph Endorsed: 'Lo. Norreis to my Lord, concerning wood sales 
in Oxfordshire.' 3 pp. (127 64) 

Contemporary copy of above with side notes 2 pp. (127 66) 
Another copy 2 pp. (126 144) 



63 

The Earl of Rutland to the Earl of Salisbury 
[1609] June 5. — He doubts not but Mr Arnold has certified Salisbury 
what was done in Arnold Wood, Forest of Sherwood, before Salisbury's 
letter came to the verderers. He thinks what is already sold should be 
delivered according to the bargain; and the unfelled trees should remain 
for the benefit of his Majesty's deer. As to the value of the wood. 
Bel voire, 5 of June. 
Holograph Endorsed: '1609.' I p. (132 77) 

Sir Robert Johnson to the Earl of Salisbury 
1609, June 6. — Details his dealings with Joseph Mane, who pretends 
by colour of his lease title to some trees in Barnwood Forest. Recom- 
mends that the lease be surrendered, and another made. Brill, 6 June, 
1609. 
Holograph \p. (132 78) 

The Archbishop of Canterbury to the Earl of Salisbury 
1609, June 7. — I, being informed that Holtby and some other Jesuits 
were at Sir Christopher Roper's house, sent two of his Majesty's 
messengers, assisted with the constables adjoining and others, to search 
for them, by virtue of our commission. But Roper keeps his house fast, 
and will suffer none of them to enter. His lady demanded of one of the 
messengers whether he had any warrant under six of the Lords' hands; 
he answering that his warrant was only from me and others of his 
Majesty's commission, she 'flurted' at it, but added that Lord William 
Howard had two or three chambers in that house, and said that if he 
would promise to search none of them he should come in, bidding him 
take heed what he did. He told her he thought she much abused Lord 
Howard's name. Nevertheless he, leaving a guard about the house of 
almost 40 persons, came to me yesterday night to know what he should 
do. I sent him back with my letter to Roper that he should be better 
advised and suffer the search which I had directed, not omitting to tell 
him how he abused the name of my Lord William Howard. Also I 
wrote to Mr Briskow and the constables of Barnet (which is within a 
mile and a half of Sir Christopher's house) with the rest of their company, 
giving them thanks for their pains, and requiring them to continue their 
guard of the house until they heard from me again. The house Roper 
dwells in he has hired (as I am informed) of Lord William, but I do not 
believe that his Lordship has reserved any chambers for his own use; 
or if he has, forasmuch as under that pretence such seditious and 
traitorous persons might be entertained contrary to his Lordship's mind, 
I see no reason why they may not be searched by discreet persons. You 
may perceive by the premises of what estimation his Majesty's com- 
mission (through the insolent contempt thereof by some, and the 
audacious and factious disposition of others) is grown to be; which is a 
high degree towards the neglect of greater authorit}^. Acquaint his 
Majesty with the premises, if you think fit, or otherwise send a warrant 
under six of the Lords' hands to the messengers, Humphrey Cross and 
Richard Bracy, or to whom you please, for making the search, taking 
with them the constables and their assistants, or in any other form you 



64 

best like of. This or some other course is meet to be forthwith taken, 
because the guarding of the house with so great a number (and fewer 
would be insufficient) will perhaps give occasion of more speech than 
were convenient. Lambeth, 7 June, 1609. 
Signed 2 pp. (127 67) 

The King's Woods in Sussex 
1609, June 7. — Valuation of the King's woods in the manor of 
Loxwood, parish of Greene. Signed by Henry Shellej^, Justice, and 
Edmond Gavell, surveyor. 7 June, 1609. 
\p. (132 85) 

Lord Treasurer Salisbury to Sir Thomas Edmondes 
1609, June 7. — When I consider what I send you in sending you this 
book, as well in respect of the author as of the subject, I conclude you 
will neither look for many words from me to praise that which praises 
itself, nor that I should use persuasion to you to give it all circumstances 
of advantage in the presentation. By the enclosed copy you shall see 
what the King has written, in conformity whereof your language may be 
carried. Of any other particular that has relation to the public I know 
not at this time, for the Low Country business being dispatched other 
things are either indifferent or vulgar. Therefore these serving to no 
other purpose I wall end. From the Court at Greenwich, the 7th of 
June, 1609. 

PS. — Now that you receive your letter of revocation you may use it 
at your best time; and for your visit of the Spaw I am only sorry you 
should have cause, for you may therein use your own discretion. 

It is not amiss that you let fall to the Archduke that the French King 
has received it, that a book is gone to the King of Spain and to the 
Emperor. You may do well to leave some of yours behind you, as 
Hoboque has done here. 
Copy I p. (227 p. 304) 

The Enclosures 

(1) Copy of his Majesty's letter sent to the Archduke with the book. 
Mons r , mon cousin et frère: Ayant a vous communiquer un subject 

que nous estimons toucher autant à l'honneur et sûreté de tous Princes 
Chrestiens comme à la nostre; et ayant nostre ambassadeur demeurant 
auprès de vous par la bouche de qui nous avons moyen de vous faire 
plus amplement entendre nos conceptions que par la longueur de lettres, 
nous nous sommes voulu servir de luy en cest endroict, vous priant de 
luy donner audience à vostre commodité pour les vous signifier et luy 
adjouster foy en ce qu'il vous dira de nostre part: de quoy ne faisons 
point de doubte, attendu que le subject qu'il traictera ne vous touche 
moins qu'à nous mesmes. 
\p. (227 p. 305) 

(2) Copy of his Majesty's letter to the Archduke for revocation of Sir 
Thomas Edmondes. 

Nostre serviteur le Sieur Edmonds ayant dès la conclusion de la paix 
entre nous et le Ro3 T d'Espagne nostre bon frère et vous tenu la place de 
nostre ambassadeur resident auprès de vous, nous avons occasion de 



65 

l'en rappeller pour nous servir en autres affaires, ly trouvant propre et 
tant plus habile pour l'expérience qu'il s'est acquise en ceste charge la. 
Et ne doubtons point que comme durant sa demeure par delà il s'est 
comporté en sa charge de la façon qu'il nous a donné contentment, 
ayant envers nous faict tous les bons offices qui luy convenoit pour 
entretenir et accroistre l'amitié qui est entre nous, aussy vous ne luy 
permettiez facilement de revenir vers nous pour attendre par deçà nos 
commandments. Et afin de continuer tous offices de bonne amitié entre 
nous, luy avons ordonné de laisser là quelque personne habile pour 
demeurer auprès de vous en attendant que nous y envoyons quelque 
autre pour prendre la charge d'ambassadeur qu'il a tenue de par nous. 
| p. (227 #.305) 
Abstracts of the above three letters (227 #.360) 

The Earl of Salisbury to Lord Norreys 

1609, June 8. — I have received your letter, wherein though you touch 
at many things, few require answer, saving the doubt you conceive that 
the commissioners will fell and carry timber in fence month, contrary to 
the instructions which prohibit it, which you confess you have seen pub- 
lished in print; so we must needs think you either mistrust without 
cause, or else that you contradict yourself. Notwithstanding, if any such 
thing should be offered (as by no means we can imagine it will), we hope 
without asking leave you have warrant sufficient to forbid them. 

As for the wisdom of that article which you so much admire, we cannot 
reach into the cause of your admiration, but it is often seen that many 
men wonder at themselves, and sometimes at nothing. However if you 
observe that want of sincerity in the commissioners in the proportions 
of their sale, which it seems by your letter you suspect, or you desire to 
be acquainted with their accounts, we doubt not but you may, very 
safely and with good leave, either yourself or by your deputy: and to 
that end for your satisfaction we have written to them. 

Concerning his Majesty's benevolence of wood to the University, 
which you say Mr Dr King manages with so great violence and passion, 
we have not noted any such passion in him at other times. But whereas 
you would persuade us that it had been better, and safer for prevention 
of abuse, that his Majesty's grant had mentioned the number of trees 
and not the number of loads, I might wonder at that Article, seeing every 
man may know better the certainty of a load of wood than I tell how 
many trees will make three score load, unless I knew the bulk and bigness 
of every one of them aforehand; and therefore let not that point trouble 
you any further. 

For the differences betwixt you and your lieutenant Sir Francis Curson, 
wherein you seem to desire my directions, the answer I can make is but 
this, that if you find yourself wronged you may complain to his Majesty, 
or address yourself to the Justice in Eyre, to whom it more properly 
belongs than to me, whom it concerns nothing at all, neither do I mean 
to meddle in it. Court at Greenwich, 7 June, 1609. 

Draft, with corrections by Salisbury. Endorsed: 'Minute to my Lo. 
Norreys, 8 June, 1609.' \\pp. (127 71) 
Two contemporary copies of above, one dated June 8. 2 pp. (127 70) 



Plantations in Ireland 
1609, June 8. — Warrant to the Earl of Salisbury to suffer the persons 
who are undertaking to make a plantation in Ireland, to transport out of 
this realm horses, mares, kine, sheep, bulls, hogs and other cattle, for the 
furtherance of their plantation, without paying custom. Manor of 
Greenwich, 8 June 7 Jac. 
Signed by the King I p. (127 72) 

Sir Robert Johnson and Sir Francis Stonor to the 
Earl of Salisbury 
1609, June 8. — They report their proceedings in the sale of woods at 
Shottover, and Lord Norreys's interference with their receiving the pro- 
ceeds for the King, to their open disgrace. In consequence they beg 
leave to retire from the service there. 8 June, 1609. 
Signed Endorsed: 'Commissioners for the sale of woods in Oxford- 
shire.' 2 pp. (132 79) 

Bartholomew Haggatt to the Earl or Salisbury 
1609, June 9. — As to the sale of woods in Gainforth, Durham, in con- 
tinuation of his letter of May 31. He prays Salisbury to make stay of 
the sale, and reports further proceedings of Mr Johnson. Gives some 
description of Branspeth Castle, Raby Castle and Bernard Castle, 
signories which are apportioned for the Duke of York; and recommends 
that the barony of Bywell and Bulbecke on the Tyne be added thereto. 
Describes its advantages, it having a very handsome small castle, very 
pleasantly seated, but much decayed within, fair and large woods, a 
chase for red deer, and a fishing for salmons, 'one of the best and most 
delightfullest in England.' Durham, 9 June, 1609. 
Holograph 2 pp. (132 80) 

Sir Stephen Lesieur to the Earl of Salisbury 
1609, June 10. — If in my letter to the Duke's Councillor, whereof I 
enclose the copy, I have observed your late direction, it shall be a comfort 
to me. I think it not amiss if these enclosed be delivered to Mr Bartlet 
by Mr Kirkham or some other of your secretaries, with earnest request 
to procure and send him the answer to be delivered me. I entreat you to 
speak or send to Mr Attorney General to pray him to have a special care 
to be at the trial of the cause between the King and Sir William Reade, 
wherein my Lord Marquis is interested. London, 10 June, 1609. 
Holograph' I p. (127 73) 

Sir Simon Weston to the Earl of Salisbury 
1609, June 10. — Acknowledges Salisbury's of June 2, enclosing parti- 
cular for the survey and valuation of certain woods sold by his Majesty, 
which shall be executed. None of the Staffordshire woods are as yet sold, 
but such as are within the Duchy of Lancaster, for which sale Mr 
Thorogood is commissioner. St. Jones, 10 June, 1609. 
Holograph I p. (132 81) 



67 

Aaron Rathborne to Lord [Salisbury] 
1609, June 13. — The woods in Northumberland and Cumberland will 
scarce countervail his travail, as they are of small value and the people 
extremely poor. The chief woods in Cumberland are in the demesnes of 
the Lordship of Holmecultran, worth 1000 1 . The tenants claim them as 
granted for maintenance of their sea dykes. Discusses their claim. In 
this he finds his Majesty no less abused than in their idle customary 
claim of tenant right. Yet as Salisbury charged him to proceed moder- 
ately where he found clamour, opposition, or title pretended, he makes 
no sale there till he knows Salisbury's pleasure. Only at the request of 
the Bishop of Carlisle he has marked out 40 timber trees, which the 
Bishop would buy towards the new erecting of a church in Eske on the 
borders; there being no timber in all the north fit for this service but 
this; yet they stand unfelled and the church unfinished till his pleasure 
be known therein. Some of the tenants will ask Salisbury for confir- 
mation of their customs, and he begs him to make stay thereof till he 
comes to London. Carlisle, 13 June, 1609. 
Holograph I p. (127 74) 

William Gamull to the Earl of Salisbury 
1609, June 13.— Acknowledges Salisbury's letter of May 22, and the 
enclosure for John Ireland, Esq, Captain of the Isle of Man, which he has 
sent by Thomas Joyner, merchant. Chester, 13 June, 1609. 
Signed \p. (127 75) 

Lord Norreys to the Earl of Salisbury 
1609, June 13. — He details at length what passed between him and 
the commissioners for woods, Sir Francis Stonard and Sir Robert 
Johnson. When they first came to Shottover in March, they would fain 
have persuaded him to be absent lest he might be hurt with the cold. 
He knew, even by the false copy of their commission which they 
afforded him, that the money was payable into the Exchequer. Finding 
they required earnest money of the bargain from the purchasers, he 
reminded them that the articles appointed that the money should be 
collected by the constable of the hundred, paid by him to the sheriff, and 
by him into the Exchequer. They answered it was inconvenient, and 
such arguments as showed they better liked to receive it themselves. 
He told them he could not act contrary to the proclamation, but they 
would not admit that the articles were a proclamation. In conclusion 
he told them he could not deny them to sell, or receive any money they 
had a fancy to take; but further reminded them that fence month began 
the next Saturday, during which none could carry; whereupon they 
desisted from felling and took leave. 

The usual manner is that he who buys 50 should fell and carry away 
five times as many, which is felony by law, but the proof is difficult, and 
the law is out of custom and altogether despised. After the sale, when 
only is money stirring for fees, the commissioners return to their 
dwellings, and leave men to fell as they list. Recommends a proclama- 
tion against this practice. If some course be not taken, only a small 
number of the 35,000 trees will be left, and the King paid only for 460 



68 

of them, and give away but 60 loads to the University. This will annoy 
not only 'the madman my Lord Norreys,' but multitudes will be stirred 
to discontent, to see the profit conferred upon two men only whose 
names have no good relish in those parts. In consequence of his Maj- 
esty's letter he has placed a new lieutenant, and so leaves the old 
lieutenant Sir F. Curson, who hopes to shelter his offences under his 
alliance with Sir Francis Stonard. Rycott, 13 June, 1609. 
Holograph 3$ pp. (127 76) 

Adam Newton to the Earl of Salisbury 
1609, June 13. — He encloses a note which some few days ago was 
delivered to him by an aged man, desirous of the Prince's greatness in 
Wales; but whether for his own profit or for his Highness's interest, he 
is so little assured that he acquaints Salisbury therewith rather than 
imparts it to his Highness. He finds the particulars to be very general, 
and remits the matter to Salisbury's consideration. Greenwich, 13 June, 
1609. 
Holograph \p. (195 105) 

Gilbert Thacker to the Earl of Salisbury 
and Sir Julius Caesar 
1609, June 13. — Reports his proceedings as commissioner for sale of 
the King's woods in Pembroke, Carmarthen, Cardigan and Radnor. 
His difficulties with the officers of the woods, who claim the bark and top 
as fees. Prays their directions in the matter. Laugharne, in Carmarthen- 
shire, 13 June, 1609. 

Holograph Endorsed: 'Surveyor of Woods in South Wales.' 1 p. 
(132 82) 

Genealogies and Pedigrees 

1609, June 14. — A note of papers being 'geneloges' of several shires 
in England to the number of 197, delivered by Thomas Wilson, Esq, to 
Persivall Golding, 14 June, 1609. 

In one packet 68 'pettegrees.' In the second, 71 'geneloges.' In the 
third 67 'geneloges.' A book of 'geneloges' of Fitzwarens. An old book 
in folio of the first founders of the Garter. A 'petegree' of Sir Thomas 
Vane's. Malmsbury, Hovedon, etc, a great book in folio. 
Signed by Golding I p. (127 78) 

[Sir Thomas Edmondes] to [the Earl of Salisbury] 
1609, June 14. — The Baron of Hoboque and his lady return well 
satisfied with the King's and Queen's usage at their departure. He dealt 
at his return to the Archduke touching the remove of Owen and 
Baldwin, which the Archduke said he would advise of, laying the fault 
of their long stay there upon directions from Spain. The Archduke 
discontented that he could not hear from Spain, having had no letters 
from the State since the 29 of January. 

News of the imprisonment in Spain of the Admiral of Aragon thought 
to proceed from confession of his secretary, who by order from Spain 
was apprehended in the Low Countries and sent secretly in April from 



69 

Dunkirk into Spain: opposite to the government of Lerma. The Infanta 
takes pleasure in the country recreations, leaving neither marriages nor 
dances unvisited: in which course her humour would be very free wore 
she not contained with respect to the Spanish gravity. 
Abstract (227 p. 360) 

The Earl of Southampton to the Earl of Salisbury 
[1609] June 14.— Sends a couple of hounds 'for the hurt deer.' You 
wrote me a letter this winter past about timber for the reparation of 
Hurst Castle, asking whether it might be spared of the King's in the 
Isle of Wight. I answered it was very scarce there, there being much use 
of timber for maintaining his Majesty's houses in the island, and if any 
should be taken we should ere long find want ourselves. You seemed 
satisfied and told me when I was at London you had appointed it to be 
taken other where. Yet since my coming hither I am informed that the 
commissioners for reparations of Hurst Castle have given warrant for 
taking timber in the island, and have marked certain trees on Mr 
Worseley's land, his Majesty's ward, and would have felled them but that 
I have made stay thereof till you were acquainted therewith ; it being 
strangely apprehended in that country where was never known any 
purveyance to be allowed, which makes them greatly afraid of this 
beginning. Deliver us from this fear, and suffer not more to be imposed 
on us now than has been in former times. June 14. 
Holograph Endorsed: '1609.' 2pp. (127 79) 

The Earl of Huntingdon to the Earl of Salisbury 
1609, June 15. — Thanks him for his favour and for having care of his 
credit. The money shall be paid at the farthest, if not sooner: and he 
would be willing to advance the price agreed on, if upon an indifferent 
survey it should be found the woods are sold under the true value. 
Ashebie, 15 June, 1609. 
Holograph \p. (132 83) 

Ordnance for the King of Denmark 
1609, June 16. — Warrant, addressed to the Earl of Salisbury, giving 
leave to Ludolph Engelstedt, servant of the King of Denmark, to buy 
and transport out of the realm without custom 100 pieces of cast iron 
ordnance, ie, 20 bastard culverins, 30 demy culverins, 30 sacres and 20 
mynions, for the King of Denmark's use. Palace of Westminster, 16 
June, 7 Jac. 
Signed by the King \p. (127 80) 

Lord Norreys to the Earl of Salisbury 
1609, June 16. — The commissioners for sale of woods at Shottover 
have brought a letter from Salisbury which was read before the audience. 
Norreys is sorry to perceive that Salisbury had condemned him unheard. 
He will abandon the place to the jury. The wood given to the scholars is 
still standing, but marked, which the commissioners denied to be done 
by themselves. Rycott, 16 June, 1609. 
Holograph I p. (132 86) 



70 

Sir John Grey and Rock Church to the Earl of Salisbury 
1609, June 16. — They report their proceedings in the sale of the King's 
woods in Charnock Forest and other places in Leicestershire. There 
being abuses in the felling and carrying away, they beg Salisbury to 
appoint Richard Hoode, the woodward of this place, to regulate the 
same. The buyers of the wood beg for an extension of the time for the 
felling and removal, which they recommend. Broadgate, 16 June, 1609. 
Signed I p. (132 84) 

Sir Ralph de la Vale to the Earl of Salisbury 
1609, June 16. — He has received Salisbury's and Sir Julius Caesar's 
command to pay into the receipt at Westminster moneys received by 
him for wood sales in Northumberland. Since his appointment as 
sheriff no commission has come into his hands for that purpose, neither 
has he received any such money. Seaton Delavale. 16 June. 1609. 
Holograph I p. (132 87) 

Sir Robert Johnson to the Earl of Salisbury 
1609, June 17. — Thanks him for fortifying their credit against the 
aspersions of others. Details at length the proceedings yesterday at 
Shottover between Lord Norreys and Sir Francis Stonard and himself 
with respect to Stonard, and Johnson's authority for levying money, and 
the number of trees they were to sell. In the result Norreys said they 
might proceed in Shottover, but peremptorily excepted against Stowe 
Woods. Mr Broome, a discreet gentleman standing by, wished they 
might stay their proceedings till fence time were done, which Mr 
Steephens, the Lieutenant, seconded, giving for reason that seven fawns 
were stolen the last day they met, which would much displease the King 
if he knew it. They therefore resolved to leave the business for this year, 
unless the commission be renewed. Details further passages between 
himself and Norreys, who wondered why the country did not afford 
gentlemen sufficient for that business, but that strangers must be used. 
Hints that Norreys put a stop to their sale in order to further a sale of 
his own. 17 June, 1609. 
Signed 2 pp. (127 69) 

Roger Mostyn to the Earl of Salisbury 
and Sir Julius Caesar 
1609, June 19. — In reply to their letter of June 1, he has as yet 
received no commission or instruction for wood sales in Flintshire. 
19 June, 1609. 
Holograph \<p, (132 88) 

Sir Robert Wingfield and John Thorp 
to the Earl of Salisbury 
1609, June 19. — As to sale of woods, Sir Thomas Terringham is not 
in the county, and they ask whether they shall proceed without him. 
Upton, 19 June, 1609. ' 
Signed 1 p. (132 89) 



71 

The Earl of Nottingham to the Earl of Salisbury 
1609, June 20. — I desire to content you in my directions to his 
Majesty's keepers in my charge, for their delivery of your fee deer, and 
enclose a draft of the letter I purpose to direct to every of those forests, 
chaces and parks, for j 7 our correction. I also enclose the King's letter, 
that you may see I have drawn mine to the scope of it. Halinge, 20 
June, 1609. 

PS. — The parks of Hampton Court, Greenwich, Otelands and the 
Little Park of Windsor have never any warrants served to them, which I 
acquaint you withal, for I know you will be respective to those places 
which his Majesty uses as his gardens. I myself forbear these places, 
though I be Justice of Eyre. I leave it to your own pleasure. 
Signed, the postscript in Nottingham's hand. 1 p. (127 81 ) 

Arnold Ligon to Sir Julius Caesar 
1609, June 20. — Reports proceedings of himself and other com- 
missioners 'for the aid' in the county of Worcester. No money on that 
account has yet come into his hands, nor has he received any warrant 
authorising him to levy the same. Reports what he has heard of the 
proceedings of the commissioners for the sale of woods. 20 June, 1609. 
Holograph Endorsed: 'High Sheriff of Worcester.' I p. (132 90) 

Sir Edward Watson to the Earl of Salisbury 
1609, June 20. — As to the timber which he challenges in Rockingham 
Park. The King, at his twice being there, taking great delight in the 
game and the hernery, commanded him to have special care of the vert 
and venison, and suffer no timber to be taken without his pleasure 
known. The woodward having procured a commission for a wood sale, 
he obtained stay thereof through the Earl of Exeter. Rockingham, 20 
June, 1609. 
Holograph I p. (132 91) 

Sir Thomas Edmondes to the Lord Treasurer 
1609, June 21. — Yesterday these Princes removed from Biens to go 
in devotion to Sichem, and it is said that about Saturday or Sunday next 
they will return hither. Hopes then to present to the Archduke his 
Majesty's book and accompanjing letter, which have been brought to 
him by his secretary. It is not to be expected from one so superstitiously 
given as he is that the book will receive such entertainment as its 
worthiness deserves. The most malicious censurers of it report it to be a 
most dangerous book for the solidness of the arguments in it, but the 
comparative part for declaring the Pope to be Antichrist is much 
offensive to their ears. 

Since writing his letters last week they have received here two letters 
from the Confessor, one of the 6th of this month by the ordinary post, 
and another of the 9th by an extraordinary courier of the merchants, 
but from the State itself there are not come any. 

The Confessor writes that a great alarm was taken at his coming, for 
it was doubted he would have propounded some high demands for 
money, but on hearing him in Council, at which the King himself 



72 

assisted, it was understood how moderate the same were, only for 
600,000 crowns for discharging their men of war and an allowance of 
60,000 crowns monthly for entertaining the number to be continued in 
pay here during the truce. 

The King and Council there received great satisfaction and have 
promised to furnish him with these moneys, but are as yet in pain how 
to levy them. They hope here to win upon the King of Spain to allow 
them hereafter greater sums, but durst not now increase their demands 
for fear of affrighting that State. It is promised that the Confessor 
shall be shortly sent away with the ratification. 

It is reported here that the Duke of Lerma is in treaty to marry his 
grandchild, the Duke of Seas's eldest son, with a third daughter of the 
Duke of Savoy, and in favour of that marriage procures the Archbishopric 
of Seville to be conferred on the young Cardinal of Savoy, and another 
son of the Duke of Savoy, who is a knight of Malta, to be general of the 
King of Spain's fleets. That the King should give way to this match 
with his niece, they say here, shows the desperate state of affairs there, 
seeing that in all things he prostitutes himself to the private ends of 
Lerma. 

Understands there is great private dissension among the Irish at 
Rome, for Tyrone has by his importunity procured the Pope to create 
Friar Florence MacCarty Archbishop of Tyrone, whereb}^ he takes upon 
him to equal his authority with Lombard the other titulary Archbishop 
of Armagh, which Lombard, who before swayed matters in Ireland, does 
nothing well brook. 

There is discontentment among them here in the regiment because in 
the intended reformation of companies the Colonel favours the standing 
of the captains which are Northern men, and employs himself to procure 
the cashiering of those which be Palemen. 

Is told by Hoboque that he dealt with the Marquis Spinola for the 
removing of the gunpowder men from hence, and that he promised to 
speak to the Archduke and also write about it into Spain; but concer- 
ning a further motion which Hoboque made him for the dissolving of the 
Irish Regiment, the Marquis durst not as yet propound it. 

Thanks his Lordship for the leave granted him to go into Spain, but 
wall forbear to use it if he finds the taking of the waters here does him 
good. 21 June, 1609. 

Copy 2\ pp. (227 p. 306) [Original in P.R.O. State Papers 
Foreign, Flanders 9] 

Sir Thomas Smith to the Earl of Salisbury 
[1609] June 22. — He has performed Salisbury's directions by Sir 
Andrew Key th. His disease continues troublesome and painful. If the 
physicians had not made him lose so much time and expense, and he had 
gone timely enough to the Spaw, he is persuaded he would have found 
remedy there. 22 June. 
Holograph Endorsed: 1609.' I p. (127 82) 

Thomas Johnson to the Earl of Salisbury 
1609, June 22. — Vindicates his conduct as to the sale of woods in 
Gainford, Durham, which has been stayed. He had forborne to sell any 



73 

trees in Brauncpith Castle, Rabie Castle and Barnard Castle, belonging 
to the Duke of York. Details his proceedings in Gainford, and the spoils 
of Mr Brakenburie, the keeper, who has worked his discredit. Mr 
Haggot's information against him. York, 22 June, 1609. 
Holograph I p. (132 92) 

Andrew Archere to the Lord Treasurer 
1609, June 22. — He, High Sheriff of Warwick, has received the Lord 
Treasurer's and Sir Julius Caesar's letters touching money to be raised 
upon a sale of woods in that county, and promising instructions and 
bonds. He has not received either instructions, money or bonds. Tan- 
worth, 22 June, 1609. 
Signed I p. (132 93) 

The Bishop of Durham to the Earl of Salisbury 
1609, June 23. — I send by the bearer, my solicitor, the lease of the 
ground desired by you in Durham House Court, sealed in the presence of 
Sir Charles Wrenn, Mr Dethick, a Master of the Chancery and Master of 
Greetham Hospital, Mr Cooper and Mr Barnes, justices, and others; and 
my prayer is that it may be as honourable to you and yours as the world 
may witness it has been chargeable. The first lease was got by surrep- 
tion; this is done in the sight of the sun, for which neither your 
honour nor my credit can ever be questioned. I have made known to all 
the gentlemen of account in this Bishopric, and to many of Northumber- 
land and Yorkshire that have repaired hither (many of whom have seen 
and all have heard of your honourable work), my yielding to your desire, 
and your loving care to leave so worthy a testimony of your noble 
disposition to the Bishop and his successors here, as namely to free my 
house from all encumbrance either in my garden or water gates, and to 
preserve my conduit (a thing which I hold precious in that place) : and 
to defend my house with a new brick wall at your own charges, as also to 
pay a rent. But that which is the chiefest of all, that it pleases you to 
provide the Bishop such a stable in so convenient a place, to your so 
great charge. The only thing I request is, that as my house is beautiful 
and adorned with that rare and resplendent work within, so I may be 
protected by your countenance. 

I received your and the commissioners' letters for the aid. Albeit my 
yearly payments to his Majesty be for the four first years 1800 1 , and for 
ever after yearly at least 2,000 marks, besides 500 marks in fees to my 
officers, and my charges great, many depending on the poor Bishop here; 
yet I will be willing to pay with any of my place. Please direct this 
messenger what he shall make offer of, which he shall see paid. 

I send herewith the advowson of Greetham Hospital, in the same 
words mutatis mutandis that his Majesty had the advowson of Sherbourne 
House. I request that the now Master, Henry Dethick, (my old friend 
in Oxford above 40 years ago) may not be disquieted during his life, for 
he is an ancient justice of peace here, a chief in the Ecclesiastical 
Commission, a Master of Chancery, and has been to my two predecessors 
and to me a very faithful assistant. I also request that Mi' Dr Mon- 
taigne should reside upon it, for the absence of the Dean of Durham and 

C M— G 



74 

the Master of Sherbourne House are great maims to the government of 
this country; and if the Master of Greetham Hospital, where there is 
now justice done and hospitality kept, should likewise be absent, the 
want would be far greater. If you will stay the advowson till my coming 
to the Parliament, I shall acquaint you with more than I can write; for I 
find non-residence to be a great blemish and hindrance of religion and 
justice. Bishop's Aukland, 23 June, 1609. 
Signed 2 pp. (127 83) 

Thomas Russell to the Earl of Salisbury 
[1609, June 26 or before] — I am bold to put you in remembrance of 
your gracious acceptance of Sir William Godolphin's motion at his 
departure, concerning my disbursement about the silver 'ure', which, 
though but 47 ! 10s, will furnish my wants for that part which I am to lay 
out with Sir David Murray in setting up a brimstone work, which after 
many trials is now perfected. If you will give order for it, I shall always 
endeavour to do you service. Undated 
Holograph Endorsed: '1609 rec. 26 June.' \p. (127 84) 

Longbows and Arrows 
1609, June 26. — Warrant, addressed to the Earl of Salisbury, for 
licence to John Jefferson, the King's bowyer, to transport out of the 
realm such numbers of longbows and sheaves of arrows as Salisbury 
thinks meet. Palace of Westminster, 26 June, 7 Jac. 
Signed by the King \p. (127 85) 

Sir John Salusbury to the Earl of Salisbury 
1609, June 26. — His adversaries have sought to incense the King 
against him for disobedience to processes in law upon suit for small 
debts. He has offered reasonable satisfaction to those who prosecute, 
but nothing will be accepted. His extreme sickness has impeded him 
from clearing himself of these surmised accusations. If Salisbury finds the 
King possessed of a hard opinion of him, he begs no credit may be given 
to his calumniators till he is able to purge himself, which shall be per- 
formed as soon as his state of body will permit. Lleweny, 26 June, 1609. 
Holograph Endorsed: with the following names : 'Sir Jho. Salisbury, Sir 
Mathew Morgan, Sir Ed. Morgan, Sir Arthur Savage, Sir Ri. Byngham, 
Sir Jho. Holly.' \p. (195 106) 

Sherwood Forest 
1609, June 27. — Certificate, signed by Otho Nicholson, that Bryan 
Broughton and Nicholas Stringer compounded with him in December 
last on behalf of the Lady Markham, for certain assart land called the 
Swinhouses, in the Forest of Sherwood, co. Notts, for 80 1 to be paid to 
the King, and for the vearly rent of 30s. 27 June. 1609. 
\p. (P.2216) 

Rock Church to the Earl of Salisbury 
[1609] June 28. — Encloses the surveys of the two woods at Lawne 
Abbey, Leicestershire, now held by Lord Harrington; and of Beskwood 



75 

Park Pale. As to sale of the King's woods in the counties of Leicester, 
Nottingham and Derby. Leicester, 28 June. 

Holograph Endorsed: 'The surveyor of woods in the county of Leices- 
ter.' 1 p. (132 94). 

Robert Readheadd to the Earl of Salisbury 
1609, June 29. — In the late Queen's time 16 Scottish gentlemen were 
committed to his charge in York Castle, whom he found in meat and 
lodging for 4 years, which came to 1J80 1 ; for which the Queen bestowed 
on him the benefit of 6 recusants, but died before signing the bill. The 
King promised him either the money, or else a grant of all the roots of all 
the trees cut down within his woods, forests, parks and chases. Under- 
stands his Majesty has bestowed that grant on two of his servants, and if 
it be not passed the seals, he begs he may be made a third man therein, 
which will satisfy his debt. He has served 24 years as an ordinary sewer 
of his Majesty's chamber, and never had any recompense but his wages 
of7|daday. 29 June, 1609. 
Holograph I p. (127 86) 

Sir Francis Goodwin to the Earl of Salisbury 
1609, June 30. — Details his dealings with Sir Robert Johnson, com- 
missioner for the sale of woods, with regard to certain trees out of 
coppices which he holds by lease, parcel of the Queen's jointure. He 
understands he has given offence to the Earl; humbly submits himself, 
and will obey his orders in the matter. Westminster, last of June, 1609. 
Holograph I p. (132 95) 

Aliceholt and New Forests 
1609, June 30. — Particular, and money account, of trees sold, by 
virtue of the King's commission to John Norden and others, in the 
Forest of Aliceholt and the New Forest, co. Hants, before the last of June 
1609. 
In the hand of John Norden 3 pp. (132 108) 

Thomas Warrick to the Lord Treasurer 
[1609, June] — Desires to change a part of the slow and uncertain 
debts assigned to him for a debt of more certainty due to his Majesty 
out of Mr Otterton's house in the 'allay me' (alum) mines. Undated. 
Holograph Endorsed: 'June 1609.' \p. (127 88) 

Sir Henry Wotton to the Lord Treasurer 
[1609, ? June] — 'A few humble remembrances about the proposition 
of my employment to some of the German Princes in my return.' 
What persons. What subject. 

For the persons. The 3 Electors temporal. The Duke of Wirtenberg. 
The Count Palatine of Newburg. The Duke of Brownswick. The Land- 
grave Maurice of Hassia. 



76 

I may visit these Courts as out of mine own curiosity to adumbrate 
the business. 

I may excuse the visiting of some of the lesser before the greater by 
the course of my journey. 

I may render for a reason of his Majesty's not sending some special 
and more sufficient ambassador unto them directly from his own Court 
the desire he had to avoid rumour and some proper connection of this 
errand with my former employment at Venice. 

If some of the forenamed Princes seem to be out of the way, as 
especially Saxonie and Brownswick, my going thither may be cloaked 
with his Majesty's affinity. 

If the number of these Princes (being seven) seem too great (albeit the 
more universal the more effectual), they may be contracted to four 
which lie almost in the very direct line of my journey. 

(1) The Duke of Wirtenberg. (2) The Count Palatine of Newburg. 
(3) The Landgrave Maurice of Hessia. (4) The Count Palatine of the 
Rhene: whereof the two first are Lutherans, the other of our confession. 

Of these, the two Counts Palatine (being reputed in a manner the 
heads of their several confessions) have since the last Diet of Regenspurg 
treated together about the composing of their own differences and 
joining against the common adversary, which hath made a good prep- 
aration of affections. But the Duke of Wirtenberg and the Landgrave 
have most attended to the proceedings of this State, and bear here a 
great name, especially Wirtenberg, for the nearness and fit lying of his 
country to balance Bavaria. 

For the subject. It appeareth exceeding worthy of his Majesty's 
excellent mind to move these Princes and by them the rest to a more 
straight correspondence and vigilancy over the common good, and 
from this generality to excite them to the planting of some friendship by 
fit instruments and colours with this Republic, for the fomenting in- 
citement of the quarrel so well rooted between them and the Pope upon 
the point of civil power: which hath also opened here the senses of divers 
in a farther degree and may, by God's grace, of many more as I shall be 
able to remonstrate unto them. 

I may also (if his Majesty shall find it expedient to proceed so far) 
upon this occasion sound how the said Princes stand disposed to a 
defensive combination or unity both among themselves and with others 
under the title and form (which seemeth the most sensible and aggreg- 
ative and is excellently urged by his Majesty page 130 of his last book)i 
of procuring and maintaining a temporal security of their persons and 
estates against the encroaching Babylonian monarch* 

To which purpose may be propounded to them the necessity of con- 
curring with his Majesty in requiring the same or the like oath of 
Allegiance from their subjects in their several dominions: which motion 
seemeth very opportune and sensible: the said oath having been so 
lately impugned in Germany by Martinus Becanus, a seditious Dutch 
Jesuit, in his book entitled Questioners Miscellanae [marginal note: p. 78], 
printed the last Mart, whereof I now send a copy. 

1 His Premonition. 

2 The words in italics are underlined. 



77 

And to the same purpose may be propounded that the said Princes, 
who differ but in few points of faith which yet breed a greater distraction 
in their politic state, would exhibit by their absolute authority all 
writings against one another, and abstain from advancing hot and eager 
spirited theologies according to his Majesty's pious admonition (p. 131 
of his said book). 

These are the private cogitations which out of discourse here with 
some of the best affected I have thought it my duty to offer unto his 
Majesty's high and Christian consideration as a lump of unformed matter 
which it may please him by his instructions to cast into a better mold. 

Postscript: Before the departure of this bearer, M.P. did secretly 
confer with me a conceit of his own not impertinent to the premisses : 
which was this in substance, that if the States of the United Provinces 
might by his Majesty 's means be incited to give by an ambassador some 
account of the issue of their treaty to this Signory, it would be cor- 
responded with the like, and so a farther friendship might kindle be- 
tween them upon a fair occasion for the common good. And he added 
that if the Marquis of Brandenburg shall be settled in the Dukedom of 
Cleves (as is likeliest by our intelligence), the like occasion may be taken 
by him also, which I shall have opportunity to further in the German 
journey. I replied (out of a former letter from your Lordship) with some 
marvel why this Signory did not by their own Resident in England 
motion the matter to the Resident there of the States rather than 
addorse it upon his Majesty. And he answered that his Majesty was 
here contemplated for the balancer of Christendom, who therefore had a 
proper interest in all such good propositions. Besides this State (quoth 
he) will not seem to seek it but I know they will take it if it be offered, 
being governed at the present con una certa specie di prudencia piu tosto 
passiva che acciva. 

If your Lordship have not before the arrival of this bearer dispatched 
Biondi (much bound unto you as he professeth in all his letters), then it 
may please his Majesty, according to his royal resolution about my 
journey, to let him prepare the way against my coming in any of those 
Courts through which he passeth, being a very faithful and zealous 
negotiator. Undated. 

In the handwriting of Sir Henry Wotton. Endorsed: 'Thembassadour of 
Venise.' ±pp. (105 162) 

[See Pearsall Smith, Life and Letters of Sir Henry Wotton, Vol. I, pp. 
454—5]. 



Elizabeth, Lady Russell, to the Earl of Salisbury 
[? 1609, before June] — -I unfeignedly thank your Lordship for that I 
had my first name of Sarisbury from your own hand. And in token your 
grandfather and mother's father thanks you for so much honouring his 
Cook's blood. He has sent you by me his daughter and your Lordship's 
old aunt a book of his own making in Germany in the time of his 
pilgrimage.* Undated. 

* A reference to the four years' exile of Lady Russell's father, Sir Anthony Cooke, at Strasbourg 
during the Marian persecution. 



78 

PS. Accept a poor widow's mite, the fruit of my summer's travel, and 
read it thoroughly yourself at your best leisure. 
Holograph I p. (197 53) 

Elizabeth, Lady Russell,* to the Earl of Salisbury 
[? 1609, before June] — Good my Lord, extend your love to the 
Burro wes house as much as law, equity and conscience may warrant you. 
Let them not be kept from dwelling on their own inheritance. Why 
should this not be fitter for them than for a stranger or Dr Steward's 
son to dwell on? Mr Brograve that on Sunday inveighed against Dr 
Steward is now turned quite to take his part. Sir John even the same 
hypocrite Brograve told me that he had heard of one in John Steward's 
care that had 8 or many children, yet he thinks it fit the land by a lease 
upon trust made should be put from the children of his own body. 
Inquire of Milner Steward's bedfellow how false this slander is, and take 
order they may dwell all their life in their own and provide her a 
jointure and a yearly portion of 40 1 to provide her meat and clothes out 
of Steward's living, who in good truth so "snobbeth" because his house 
shall be kept from him as none can comfort him. Does any man you 
keep cost less than 20 1 a year besides lodging and 20 1 his horse and 20 1 
his man, beside apparel for a gentleman or gentlewoman less than 60 1 
for three? What 66 1 : 13s: 4d to find a man and his wife, a man and a 
maid? Can any have less than 200 1 for all charges? What do they speak 
of 30 1 for reparations of a place that is put from them? Undated 
Holograph Addressed: 'Fayrest Flowre of may garlande honorable 
Erie of S'burv, Mr of the King's Majesty's most Honorable Cort of 
Wardes.' 2 pp. (197 54) 

George Tayler to Lord 

[1609, before July] — Prisoner in the Canaries. Apparently relating 
the circumstances of his capture. [Nearly illegible through damp.] 
Undated. 
21 pp. (P. 487) 
[See Cal.S.P.Dom,, 1603-1610, p. 528] 

Remembrances as to the King's Woods 
[1609, (?) July 1]. — The conferences with Sir Henry Fanshaw about the 
spoil of wood mentioned partly in letters to your Lordship and partly in 
other certificates, are written down with the several courses to be taken 
therein; which being somewhat more perfected shall be ready when you 
shall call for the same. Now only we offer your Honour something that 
was done at the conference yesterday, Mr Morgan and Deputy Clerk 
being present. 

Sir Henry Fanshawe endeavoured to draw the said Deputy Clerk to 
discover some of the abuses in under- values of woods upon late sales in 
the Queen's time. This not taking effect, upon further speech we 
discovered a lameness likely to impeach the going forward of this 
business, in that Deputy Clerk seemed that he could not help us with 

*Lady Russell was buried ou June 2, 1009. 



79 

Mr Taverner's writings, which no doubt are able to give much light to 
all former obscure proceedings. Understanding at length from him that 
the writings were all locked up in a great chest in the house of one Mr 
Hill, draper, we thought fit to repair unto the house, where having leave 
and being brought to the chest, we sealed it up. 

Now it rests that some process be speedily sent to Mrs Taverner, 
widow, the owner of the chest, and also that Deputy Clerk have an oath 
administered unto him upon interrogatories touching the premisses. 

Lastly, we offer unto your Honour if it may not seem fit to have an 
abstract made of all manors and lands sold within the compass of 
[blank] years, that so it may be easily found out whether the said woods 
in the survey were undervalued or no. Undated. 

Unsigned Endorsed: '1609. Remembrances touching the conference at 
Sir Henry Fanshawes the last of June.' I p. (128 76) 

Bartholomew Haggatt to George Calvert 
1609, July 1. — As to the stay of Mr Johnson's sale of woods (in Gain- 
forth, Durham.) As to supposed bonds of 880 1 made upon the lordship 
and manor of Allerton, Allertonshire and Creake, co. Yorks, and other 
places cited, parcel of the Bishopric [of Durham]. If George Ward be 
dead, as is reported, he begs for the survey orship of Northumberland and 
the woodwardship of Chopwell. Aukland, 1 July, 1609. 
Holograph l\pp. (132 96) 

Dr Fletcher to the Lord Treasurer 
[1609, July 2.] — His inability to maintain his charges is caused by 
relinquishing his practice of civil law for employments in foreign 
service, which were imposed upon him by the State. He begs Salisbury 
to testify to the King that his services have not been unprofitable, he 
having four times been employed in public affairs to good effect, in 
Scotland, Rusland, Germany and the Low Countries; and obtain his 
gracious help. Undated 

Holograph Endorsed: 'Doctor Fletcher, 1609. rec. 2 July.' 1 p. 
(127 89) 

Sale of the King's Woods 
1609, July 3. — Certificate signed by Sir James Altham and Sir Walter 
Cope, concerning restraint of sales of wood by Thomas Johnson in Ricall, 
Dighton and Wheldrake, co. Yorks; sales at Pomfret, Wakefield and 
Scoles: also in Gainforth in the Bishopric of Durham. They recommend 
that sales already made be proceeded with. 3 July, 1609. 
2 pp. (132 103) 

Dr Du Port to the Earl of Salisbury 
1609, July 3. — Having been these twenty years almost Doctor of 
Divinity and Master of Jesus College in Cambridge, three times Vice- 
Chancellor of the University, his Majesty's Chaplain (though extra- 
ordinary in respect of some infirmity of sight through age) ever since his 
first coming to the Crown, employed now in the great business of the 
translation [of the Bible] with others, upon his Majesty's command; no 



80 

way to be touched with any just imputation whereby he should be 
prejudiced from receiving like encouragement and holding due equipage 
with others of his rank and condition; and finally being one that, besides 
his Lordship and that true mirror of nobility, the Earl of Suffolk, others 
also, Lords of the Privy Council, do not disdain to own for their poor 
kinsman; rather expected the raising of his fortunes to have been con- 
ferred by others than sought by himself; yet finds it otherwise, and that 
preferments come not without particular endeavour and the best friends 
and means that can be used. For this reason, entreats his Lordship's 
mediation in his behalf unto the King at this change, and the rather that 
the Archbishop of Canterbury has many times promised to second any 
motion made in his behalf. From mv lodging by Pawles in hast, 3 Julii, 
1609. 
Holograph \p. (136 198) 

Lord Cobham to the Earl of Salisbury 
1609, July 4. — Recommends the enclosed petition. The matter fell 
out when he was Warden of the Cinque Ports, for a debt due to the 
Queen. The money was paid by the party to the then Clerk of the Castle, 
and the acquittance is annexed to the petition. Since the Clerk's death 
process has been awarded against the poor man. and without Salisbury's 
help he is like to pay it twice over. Begs that process may be granted 
against the Clerk's heirs or executors, and the poor man disburdened. 
Tower, 4 July, 1609. 

Holograph signed: H. Brooke Endorsed: 'L. Cobham for Wolters.' 
\p. (127 90) 

Sir Thomas Edmondes to the Lord Treasurer 
1609, July 5. — The relation which he now makes shows how strangely 
the Prince is possessed with superstition and other high humours. It was 
the middle of last week before the Princes returned from Sichem, when 
he demanded forthwith audience of them both to welcome them accord- 
ing to the ceremony performed by all other ambassadors, and at the 
same time to deliver his Majesty's book to the Archduke. Audience was 
assigned him both by the Infanta and the Archduke, but two hours 
before he was to go into Court President Ricardott came to him to tell 
him that if heintended to present the book the Archduke was resolved not 
to receive it in respect there was so much spoken therein against the 
Pope and the doctrine of their Church. His arguments with the Presi- 
dent who, however, was unwilling to entertain further discourse with 
him. Was doubtful at his departure what to do, but afterwards, con- 
sidering that if he should go to present the book and it was refused he 
should but draw more dishonour upon his Majesty, he thought his best 
course was to send to make it known both to the Infanta and the Arch- 
duke that he refused to accept his audience, thereby giving them to 
understand that he held himself discharged from performing any of the 
ceremonies at that time towards them, seeing the Archduke dealt so 
unkindly with his Majesty. They had before understood that Don Pedro 
de Cuniga had refused to receive the book in England, and in the same 
morning that his audience was to have been in the afternoon the Nuncio 



81 

had had audience with the Archduke, whose instances on his master's 
behalf concurring with the example of such a minister of Spain, were 
sufficient to give the absolute law to this Prince's weak mind. Has since 
had conference with Ricardot and Hoboque and made known how 
ill-advised the Archduke is to take this resolution, but has been answered 
that there is no means to divert him from it. 

How 'unrespectively' the Prince has dealt with the French King is 
generally much condemned. The young Princess of Orange passing this 
way to reside with her husband at Breda, attended here some days the 
return of the Princes to kiss their hands. She brought earnest letters of 
recommendation from the French King to the Infanta, and it was given 
in charge to the French Ambassador that she might be treated according 
to the rank she holds in France of first princess of the blood after the 
King's children, notwithstanding her marriage. It was desired she might 
be treated in the same manner as was in this Court the Duchess of 
Brunswick, a daughter of the Duke of Lorraince, who was to be allowed 
to sit with her long cushion in the first step under the cloth of state, and 
that her chief lady of honour might be admitted with her into the place 
where the Infanta gives audience to the ladies. Notwithstanding the 
representations of Richardot and the French Ambassador the Archduke 
alleged that the honour given to the Duchess of Brunswick was because 
she had been so formerly treated in Spain, and that the Infanta could 
not allow the same to this lady who had married their vassal. The 
Ambassador finding this the final resolution told the Archduke that the 
Princess had order to withdraw herself, to which he answered that she 
might do as she thought fit. The Ambassador, at his coming forth, met 
in the ante-chamber the Spanish Ambassador, who desired him to give 
him leave to deal with the Archduke in the matter to make him more 
capable of reason, but neither did his speeches prevail anything more. 
The conclusion of this business was that the next day the Princess of 
Orange departed without seeing the Infanta, thereby casting a greater 
affront upon these Princes than they upon her. Understands they take 
tenderly her going away in that manner. 

They here think it likely the French King will pass over this 'unres- 
pective' usage of his niece with scorn and derision of the Spanish pride. 
The usage of the Princess is very broadly spoken of in this town, it being 
merrily said that the Princes show themselves Parvi in magnis et magni 
in parvis; having lost their honour in substance by the Treaty of 
Holland, they would now seek to repair it in matters of ceremony. 

The behaviour of Don Francisco de Castra, the new Spanish Ambas- 
sador at Rome, since his first arrival there. The first beginning was in 
giving great discontentment to the Venetian Ambassador that came to 
visit him, to whom he refused the title of Excellency and the place in his 
own lodging, and when told of his fault pretended it was only forgetful- 
ness in him and that the other, if he thought good, might use him in like 
manner. The next passage was in making the minister of Florence attend 
two hours in his ante-chamber before being admitted to his presence. 
But the third act was of much greater scandal in that, where by the 
order of the Pope's Court the hours of the audiences of the several ambas- 
sadors are precisely appointed, he made the Pope attend him two hours 



82 

after the time assigned. But the Spanish greatness and his double 
qualification in being the Duke of Lerma's nephew makes all this 
insolency to be digested. 

They are here nothing well pleased that the Marquis of Brandenburg 
and the Duke of Neubourg have agreed to compound their differences 
for the succession of Cleves. They have procured themselves to be jointly 
acknowledged in Cleves, Dusseldorp and a third place, but have not yet 
been able to do the like in Julliers, for the governor who commands there 
is dependent upon the Emperor. There have been citations from the 
Emperor to those Princes to appear before the Imperial Chamber for the 
trial of their titles, but how his authority is brought into contempt will 
appear by the enclosed advertisements of the proceedings of the Prot- 
estants of Bohemia. 

There is no further news from Spain since his last letter concerning the 
ratification or the furnishing of money. Because it is understood that 
the States take it very ill that in all this time the ratification is not sent, 
the Archduke dispatched a courier a few days since into Spain to hasten 
the sending away of the same. They have advice by the merchants' 
letters that there is provision making in Spain of 635,000 crowns for 
these parts, but no order has yet come for the payment of any part 
thereof. 

Has committed these letters to Mr Buttler, who is passing this way 
into England. 5 July, 1609. 

PS. Understands from the French Ambassador that he has newly 
received order from the King his master to make known to the Arch- 
duke that there is a great likelihood of inducing the Duke of Deuxponts 
to enter into the compromise with the Marquis of Brandenburg and the 
Duke of Neubourg. It is resolved to summon also the Marquis of Burgon 
to conform himself to that order or, in case of his refusal, to protest 
against him for the inconveniences that may arise thereof. The said 
King declares that, as he employs himself to compound the difference 
in such peaceable manner, so he will join in the said princes' defence 
against any that shall seek to hinder their possession in those lands. In 
the better countenancing their cause he sends some companies of horse 
to lodge upon the frontiers of Champagne. This news cannot be but very 
unpleasing to the Archduke. 
Copy S pp. (227 p. 308) 
[Original in P.R.O. State Papers Foreign, Flanders, 9] 

Sir Samuel Saltonstall to the Earl of Salisbury 
1609, July 6. — He has been 18 weeks in prison, being committed for a 
contempt in Chancery, and begs for due trial and the benefit of law. 
Hopes to give the Lord Chancellor satisfaction, and is willing for arbi- 
tration. His adversaries are proceeding against him in the Exchequer as 
well as in Chancery, and have caused him to be bound in 2000 1 . Begs 
for enlargement. 6 July. 1609. 
Holograph I p. (127 91) 

King James to the Earl of Salisbury 
[? 1609J J u b' 8. — My little beagle, it were high time that the Council's 
request were sent unto me for staying the current of suits, for I cannot 



83 

yet be quit of begging, and even yesternight did Alan Percy make a suit 
to me for a fee farm of a hundred pounds land of impropriations, but 
with a present nolimus he was quiet. As for my book, the which ye 
praise so much, it is in truth an old book, whereof there is nothing new 
but the covering. The language is extremely bad, for although it was 
first written all with my own hand it was first marred in the orthography 
by Geddes copying it (the knave whom ye knew) in very rude Scottish 
spelling, and next was it copied by Sir Peter Young's son, who pressing 
to English hath marred it quite and made it neither, so it is now good 
Britaine language or rather Welsh, much like Sir Roger's style. It was 
my puerilia written by me in Dalkeith a five or six years at least before 
I was married. I think ye may remember to have seen that gentleman's 
hand that interlines it in divers places. It contains a short compend of 
the history of the church, the grounds and antiquity of our religion, and 
the special times when the grossest papish errors were introduced, which 
last ye will see specially collected in the table at the end of the book. If 
one of the letters, I mean the shortest, that the Admiral carried was 
written by his own knowledge, he is an old cockscomb, for if I were the 
King's subject I would not desire another King's subject to make suit 
for me; but ye may tell my wife that what I wrote to her anent the 
parrots was plain prophecy, for I saw not the Admiral three or four hours 
after that who no sooner told me that he had sent two parrots to the 
Queen that spoke good Spanish, but ye may judge what pain I was in to 
keep me from laughing; but for satisfying the King of Spain's request I 
think good to make him a grandee. And so praying you to commend me 
to Suffolk and 3 [Northampton] I bid you all three heartily farewell. 
Undated 

Holograph Endorsed by Salisbury : 'July 8. His Majesty to me.' Seal 
on red silk I p. (134 132) 

Alton Wood, parcel of the manor of Aborley, Gloucester 
[1609, July 9]— Four papers. (1) Warrant to Sir Edward Blunt, Sir 

George Blunt, Sir William Welshe and others for prevention of spoil in 

Alton Wood, 9 July, 1609. (132 100) 

(2) Survey of Alton Wood taken by Sir Edward Blounte and Mathew 
Nelson. I p. (132 98). 

(3) Viscount Lisle to the King. As to Alton Woods, now in possession 
of the King by virtue of a judgment given for the late Queen against the 
late Countess of Warwick, whose interest has descended to him. He 
prays that in consideration of his service, his claim to the above may be 
referred to the Lord Treasurer and the Barons of the Exchequer. 
Petition \p. (132 101) 

(4) Title of the writer [?Lord Lisle] to Alton Wood. He desires a new 
grant on certain conditions. Endorsed: 'L. Lisle' \p. (132 99) 

The Privy Council to Lord Treasurer Salisbury, 

as Lieutenant of Herts 

1609, July 10. — The King requires certificate of what state the several 

counties stand in for those provisions, especially powder, which they 

ought to have in store. In some places there are no arms and powder, 



84 

and in some the certificate is larger than the things that are extant. The 
bearer, Thomas Abrahall, has direction to offer such powder as shall be 
wanting, in goodness and price, such as Salisbury shall have good cause 
to like, and the Council doubt not he will deal with him before any others, 
it being necessary for the State to encourage the making of powder 
within itself rather than depend on foreign provisions. They desire him 
to suffer Abrahall to view the powder in his store and to send certificate 
thereof, whereupon they may ground their report to his Majesty. Court 
at Greenwich, 10 July, 1609 . 

Signed: R. Salisbury, H. Northampton, T. Suffolk, E. Worcester, E. 
Zouche, W.Knolleys. J. Stanhope, J.Herbert, Jul. Caesar, Tho. Parry. 
Countersigned: JohnCorbett. 2 pp. (127 92) 

Elizabeth Throckmorton to the Earl of Salisbury 
[1609, July 10 or before]- — I conjure you to make my case your own' 
and consider what you would do if all your living were taken from you 
and not one groat allowed toward your maintenance. My Lord Chan- 
cellor contradicts his own act, for by his order I ought to have land or 
money, and have neither. Persuade him to suffer me to stand my trial 
before you for these exclamations I make against him. that if I cannot 
prove what I have said I may be sharply punished. Let the remem- 
brance of God's mercy soften your heart, which hitherto has been as hard 
as a stone towards me. I can make no longer shifts. I have spent 600 1 
since my husband's death, and have received but 150 1 so that my son 
keeps from me 300 1 and all my land, which should be above 600 1 
yearly. My Lord Chancellor doth against the law of nature, reason and 
equity, to bear out a wicked son against his own natural mother. My 
suit is that I may come before you, not doubting I shall have justice. 
Undated. 
Holograph Endorsed: 're. 10 July 1609.' 1 p. (127 93) 

Sir Thomas Waller to the Earl of Salisbury 
[1609, July 11 or before] — The Marshal of Polland came hither on 
Saturday night last, embarked on Sunday morning and landed the same 
day at Calais. Wherefore I have herewith returned his Majesty's letter. 
Undated. 
Holograph Endorsed: u rec. 11 July 1609.' \p. (127 94) 

Sir David Murray to the Earl of Salisbury 
1609, July 12. — Requests, on behalf of his Highness, a letter of ex- 
change on Venice for 600 ! for some fair horses which Sir Robert Douglas 
should bring home for him. It should be dispatched with expedition, as 
Douglas stays at Venice till he receives answer. His Highness was ex- 
ceeding well pleased with the little nag Salisburv sent him. Theoballs, 
12 July, 1609. 

Holograph At foot: 'My Lord, I thank you for the little nag you sent me, 
which though he be little, yet he wants no mettle as all little things 
have. Henry P.' \p. (195 107) 



85 

[Sir Thomas Edmondes] to [the Earl of Salisbury] 
1609, July 12. — Don Rodrigo de Lasso, the Soumeiller du corps to the 
Archduke, lately created a Count in Spain, being on his way to Brussels 
sent a courier before with bills for 600,000 crowns forthwith payable. 
The Confessor looked for, shortly after which the ratification, and by 
them two expected the full resolutions of Spain. 
Abstract (227 p. 362) 

John Boteler to Mr Wilson 
1609, July 12. — Begs for a loan of 20 1 which he requires for furnishing 
his wife against her lying down and other occasions. Cony Street, 12 
July, 1609. 
Holograph I p. (127 95) 

Sir William Constable to the Earl of Salisbury 
1609, July 13. — Vouchsafe your favour that I may obtain liberty, 
which now with much less may be effected than hereafter, as my greatest 
enemy is likewise prisoner in Dorcester for debt, and 200 1 will free his 
execution of 760 1 that I am prisoner for; and the rest of my creditors are 
so willing and needy that 800 1 before the Judge's departure would put 
me out of prison. Might I by your favour obtain this good by his 
Majesty's grant of 2000 1 of his part of the debts which I have under the 
privy seal, that by sale or otherwise I might obtain 1000 1 or 800 1 , I 
should perpetually pray for your happiness. Could I effect my liberty 
now, I would leave my poor means in England to satisfy the rest of my 
creditors, and live myself, wife and family, of my company at the Brill. 
13 July, 1609. 
[?] Holograph I p. (127 96) 

Certificate of Baron Altham and Sir Walter Cope 
1609, July 13. — Mr Baron Altham has allowed Sir Henry Slingesbie 
to be forester in fee, with house boot and hay boot, as things formerly 
decreed for him when Knaresborough was in the Crown. The rest of 
his claims they refer to trial. As to Mr Norden's project for restraint of 
firewood and keeper's allowance in the New Forest, they recommend a 
commission to the Lord Warden of the Forest and others, to consider 
the claims of the inhabitants, foresters and officers. 13 July, 1609. 
Signed I p. (132 102) 

John Norden to the Lord Treasurer 
1609, July 14. — The trees sold by the late commission in his Majesty's 
Forest of Alishowlte have been all carried away, and the pits filled in, 
so that the King shall not be troubled thereby in his 'disports' when he 
comes. Reports upon woods there and in Bindswood. 14 July, 1609. 
Holograph I p. (132 106) 

Sir Thomas Edmondes to James I 
1609, July 15. — Sacred Majesty. Having understood that upon the 
long and most humble suit which Colonel Patton hath made to be re- 



86 

integrated into the happiness of your Majesty's gracious favour and good 
opinion, your pleasure is to be informed of me what I have observed his 
behaviour to be in declaration of his duty towards your Majesty during 
the time of my residence here for your service. I should very much 
wrong him in respect of the particular knowledge and trial which I have 
had of his good and dutiful demeanour in this place, where contrariwise 
the malice of your ill-affected subjects of all nations doth so much 
abound, if I should not testify that he hath been so far from partaking 
of the evil leaven of their spirits as he hath not been afraid, notwith- 
standing all jealousies of the time, to make free declaration of his dutiful 
professions and love towards your Majesty's service. And as by the same 
his good carriage and earnest and continual suit to be restored to your 
good favour, he hath sought to expiate the fault committed against 
your Majesty in the time of his green years, so forasmuch as your 
Majesty's royal nature hath effected to make your glorj- to shine by your 
mercy where the same may be not unworthily bestowed, I will hope that 
you will be pleased to extend the same cup of grace to this gentleman, 
who as he hath many worthy parts of sufficiency joined to his willingness 
to do your Majesty service, so even the interest of your service itself 
doth plead that a distinction should be made between him and those 
who have not showed themselves so well affected as he hath done. From 
Brussels, 15 July, 1609. 
Copy l\pp. (227 p. 316) 
Abstract of the above (227 p. 362) 

Sir Thomas Edmondes to the Lord Treasurer 
1609, July 15. — The ordinary post by whom he wrote his Lordship 
being two days since departed, sends over his secretary with this letter. 
Bj t a courier newly arrived from Spain dispatched by the Confessor, they 
have now received the ratification. He sent to Ricardott to know 
whether the same was in form valuable to give contentment to the 
States, and he answered that it was so. The receiving of the ratification 
seems to have much quieted their minds, for they were afraid the States 
would have sent their ships to block up their havens of Flanders. Don 
Rodrigo de Lasso is not expected these ten days as he comes in a litter. 
Besides the dignity bestowed on him of an Earl, he is made of the 
Council of War of Spain, which is esteemed a place of great honour. 
There is committed unto him a great authority to take order in the 
reformations intended of the men of war. It was once appointed to have 
sent hither one Barnaby Pedrosa, who is of the Council of the Hazienda 
in Spain, but he had no knowledge of men's merits here. 

The news are now confirmed here of Tyrone's secret departure from 
Rome. The general opinion is that he has taken his journey for Spain, 
and that he is assured by the Pope's mediation of some means underhand 
for returning into his country. The Colonel, his son, purposes also to go 
shortly into Spain, and encouraged one of his late reformed captains to 
be of good comfort, for he should shortly command more men than 
formerly the said captain had done. It is said their emissaries, the 
priests, are sent abroad with the Pope's recommendation to many 
Catholic princes for assistance secretly for this enterprise. Redman 



87 

Bourk has written hither that he has been very well received in Spain . 
Some priests are said to have been expressly sent from the Pope to the 
noblemen of Ireland, to enjoin them upon severest censures to declare 
themselves in the assistance of Tyrone when the time shall serve. Many 
other particulars are related from which it is collected that in all likeli- 
hood some enterprise is a bruiting, but what seems to confirm more the 
jealousy thereof is that special direction is sent from Spain for making 
ready the 12 new ships built at Dunkerk for the service of those parts, 
and to send them with all speed into Spain. 

To deliver the judgment he makes of all these proceedings, he cannot 
think that it stands with the present state of the King of Spain's affairs 
to break forth into war against his Majesty, but his chief end may be to 
employ his forces for the expelling of his Majesty's subjects at Virginia 
before they have fortified themselves there. This, it may be, he will not 
make difficulty to undertake openly, pretending it to be an action 
justifiable done merely in his own defence, and also imagining that his 
Majesty will not be interested to take revenge of anything done in those 
remote parts. The enterprise in favour of Tyrone shall be carried under 
the name of the Pope, but he will give all the assistance he may thereto. 

Understands they give it out here that the said ships are only to be 
employed against Warde the pirate. Shall be glad it may be to no worse 
an end and, though he may be mistaken in his zealous fear, hopes he 
shall be blameless for discharging his duty in cases of such pregnant 
suspicion. His intent is, if it so please his Lordship, to make an effectual 
memorial in writing of these matters and other just grievances, and to 
require from them an answer that his Majesty may be satisfied what 
measure of friendship he may expect from them. But all the negotia- 
tions of a minister here in matters of this kind are bootless, for this 
Prince, who lives under the strict tutelage (if not bondage) of Spain, 
dares not stir a pace further than he shall be directed from thence. It is 
said the ships of Dunkerk cannot be ready as yet these 2 or 3 months, 
but Edmondes has charged the bearer to inquire more particularly in his 
passage. 

Is now preparing as far as he can to dislodge from hence, and hopes 
shortly to attend his Lordship. Pretends that he sends over the bearer 
about his private business, that there may be no alarm taken at his 
sudden departure. FromBrux. 15 July, 1609. 
Copy 4-|- pp. (227 p. 311) 
[Original in P.R.O. State Papers Foreign, Flanders, 9.] 

Abuses in the Navy Office 
1609, July 15. — Warrant granting to Thomas Buck, gent, who has 
deserved good reward for discovering abuses in the Office of the Navy, 
the moiety of forfeitures incurred by officers of the Navy for frauds 
committed in the following matters: (1) anchors, cables, hawsers, ropes, 
canvas, masts, etc, lent, embezzled or taken out of the storehouses of 
Chatham, Woolwich or Deptford, and from the ships and timber yards 
between 1599 and 1608; (2) for the like provisions augmented upon the 
bills of the purveyors, and shared between the keepers of the stores, the 
clerks of the cheque, and others; (3) freight of the King's hoys and other 



88 

vessels, which has been shared by the officers to their own benefit; 

(4) brass and iron ordnance transported beyond the seas, contrary to 
the King's commission, by Sir John Feme and Jeremy Lamentes; 

(5) to call storekeepers, clerks of the cheque, purveyors and master 
shipwrights to account for all provisions committed to their charge. 
Palace of Westminster, 15 July, 7 Jac. 

Signed by the King and sealed Ihpp- (127 97) 

The Bishop of Durham to the Earl of Salisbury 
1609, July 19. — Reports proceedings taken in the sale of wood in 
Gainford Wood, and asks directions. Mr Haggatt will attend Salisbury 
to justify his charges against Mr Johnson in connection therewith. 
Bishops Àwkland, 19 July, 1609. 
Holograph I p. (132 104) 

Sir Thomas Edmondes to the Lord Treasurer 
1609, July 19. — By the conference which I have had with some 
persons since the dispatch of my secretary to your Lordship, I find that 
it is as yet held very doubtful whether Tyrone be himself gone for 
Spain or not: or if he be absent from Rome that it is not to any far 
remote place, but of the continual posting of his instruments between 
Rome and Spain there is certain advertisement, as namely, of the 
passage lately of one Routh from Spain to Rome, and within a few days 
after of the passage of Florence McTartie, the titulary Archbishop of 
Tyrone in Connaught, from Rome into Spain, both which persons went 
by way of Genoa, and it is said that the latter, who is of all others the 
chief negotiator in Tyrone's business, used greatest diligence in his 
journey, and here the Irish are persuaded and make great brag, that 
there is an assurance of some great matters to be done for Tyrone. 

The Audiencer was on Sunday last dispatched from hence to carry 
the ratification to the States, the which whether it will give them satis- 
faction I find that they are not here very confident. I have been told 
that there are inserted therein words of restriction to limit the same to 
be no longer of force than while the truce shall last, which, if it should 
be true, I suppose that the authority of the truce concerning the point 
of sovereignty which is granted in indefinite terms, would be much 
weakened, if not overthrown thereby. There has been no means here to 
get the copy of the said ratification, though they know that as soon as 
the same shall come to the States' hands it will be made common. But 
there is newly fallen out another accident, which may besides give great 
occasion to embroil the affairs of these parts. There are come news 
hither of the arrival of the Archduke Leopold, a younger brother of the 
Queen of Spain, in the town of Julliers, where he has been received by 
the governor in the name and right of the Emperor to the depriving of 
the other prétendants of that estate, and therewithal there are sent 
heralds to cite the said Princes prétendants to appear in the Imperial 
Chamber for the trial of their titles. Howsoever the Emperor's name 
and authority, which is but a shadow, is used in this matter, yet it is 
known to be only wrought by the King of Spain, and for the serving of 
his own ends to possess himself or some of his house of that estate, 



89 

contrariwise wherein the French King and the States have professed 
that they will be assisting to the other party for the preserving of their 
right, and now the French King is in good earnest put to his trial 
whether he will maintain his declaration made very strongly to that 
effect within these few daj^s by his ambassador to the Archduke. The 
Ambassador has taken a great alarm by this news and has thereupon 
immediately dispatched his secretary into France. Both the ministers 
of Spain and the Nuncio have earnestly debated with the Ambassador 
why his master would undertake the favouring of the cause of heretics, 
whose right they think should be exposed for a prey. 

They are here, I assure your Lordship, very much afraid of the French 
King stirring in the business, and the rather in respect of the horsemen 
which be already drawn up into Champaigne, whereof the number is 
bruited to be far greater than they are, but it is thought that they will 
find the means to qualify the heat of the French King by the Pope's 
mediation, seeing it is question of hindering those countries to come 
under the Protestant princes, which being so near adjoining unto the 
United Provinces make a great body of that partj^. If otherwise it 
should fall out that the French King should resolve to assist those 
princes, they would here be put to great extremities. 

I send your Lordship an extract of the last advertisements out of 
Germany, whereby you may perceive that the Protestants of Bohemia 
have at length obtained full satisfaction of their demands in the free 
exercise of their religion. 19 July, 1609. 
Copy 2^ pp. (227 p. 322) 

Depopulation 

1609, July 21.— Hunts. At the Assizes held at Huntingdon, 21 July, 
7 James 1. Upon the examination of the cause touching depopulation 
made by the Lord Clifton at Buckworth and his reformation thereof, it 
appeared that there were 10 several leases made by him to ten persons 
of several tenements with lands to them belonging, viz, to John Tomp- 
son, a baker, Richard Baker, a warrener, Humfrey Fresby, a mason, 

Harwold, a falconer, Robertes, a shepherd, John Coles, 

Thomas Saunders and Oliver Warboyse, labourers, which leases were to 
begin about Hallowmas last past, and that immediately after the 
sealing and delivery of the leases, the same were in the same place 
redelivered to Lord Clifton or one for him and do still remain in his 
custody. 

It also appeared that none of the said tenants keep any plough or any 
servants of husbandry but do buy their corn for their expense, and some 
of them are forced to fetch it home on their necks for want of a horse. 
They are for the most part so poor that the neighbours are much annoyed 
with them by stealing their peace and otherwise. It was confessed by 
John Tompson, one of the said lessees, that he did not pay any rent at 
our Lady [day], and he thought it was so with the rest. 

It was further confessed that about the time when the leases were first 
made, there was a plough borrowed, and therewith there was about a 
rigg of every tenant's land ploughed up and no more, insomuch as if all 
were laid together there is not above 2 acres ploughed. It is confessed 
that the lord's flock do feed over all the demised lands. 

CM— H 



90 

Bucks. At the Assizes held at Aylesbury, etc. Upon examination of 
the cause concerning Mr Thos. Tyringham, who was ordered to re-edify 
one farmhouse and to lay 30 acres of land to it, I find he has performed 
the order in outward show, but in truth the tenant is a foreigner and for 
this proportion a grasier, and uses the tenement for a shepherd or a 
cottager at the most. 

The names of such as have reformed the offences of Depopulation, 
either in converting tillage into pasture, or by decaying of tenements or 
by holding of several farms. 

Bucks. — Simon Lambert of Buckingham, indicted for one messuage, 
decayed. 

Edward Tyrrell, knight, indicted for divers messuages. 

Suzanna Temple, of Stowe, widow, indicted for 50 acres con- 
verted. 

George Dyons, of Hogson, clerk, indicted for 20 acres con- 
verted. 

Edward Alexander, of Beechampton, indicted for 30 acres 
converted. 

Beds. — Thomas Hillersden, of Hockliffe, gent, indicted for 160 acres 
converted. 

Robert Fouler, of the same, yeoman, indicted for 40 acres 
converted. 

John West, of the same, yeoman, indicted for 40 acres con- 
verted. 

Hunts. — William Walden, of Buckworth, gent, indicted for one 
messuage, decayed. 

Richard Ginlett, of Spalden cum Upthorpe, indicted for the 
like. 

Thomas Peete, of Kimbolton, indicted for the like. 

William Carryer, of Yaxley, gent, indicted for the like. 

William Mattyson, of Fenton, John Raby, of Upwood, John 
Ashmore, of Sawtry, yeoman, indicted for the like. 

William Walden, of Buckworth, gent, indicted for 30 acres 
converted. 

Thomas Thoroughgood, of the same, gent, indicted for 80 
acres converted. 

Matthew Pratt, of Berry, yeoman, indicted for 10 acres con- 
verted. 

Henry Saunders, of Brampton, gent, indicted for 140 acres 
converted. 

Edward Ley, of Sawtry, gent, indicted for 40 acres converted. 

Thomas Dereman, of Alconbury, indicted for 118 acres con- 
verted. 

Thomas Palmer, of Kimbolton, for 2 farms. 

John Richardson, of Upwood, for the like. 
Cambs. — Felix Stallibrasse, of Ellesworth, John Collies, of Melbourn, 
and William Curtys, of Bassingborne, yeomen, indicted for 
a messuage, decayed; John Paman, of Ellesworth, 'doctor', 
indicted for the like. 



91 

Suffolk. — Nicholas Garnish, of Redsham, esquire, indicted for a 
messuage, decaj^ed. 
Robert French, of Knattishall, William Girling, of Walpole, 
John Howard, of Worlington, Thomas Pleasans, of 
Brandon, yeomen, indicted for the like. Nicholas Coates, 
Henry Tyrrell and Robert Peach, of Myldenhall, indicted 
for the like. 
Norfolk.- — Edmund Framingham, gent, for one messuage, decayed. 
Thomas Methould, of Langford, gent, for the like. 
Richard Todd, of Thorneham, yeoman, for the like. 
William Davye, of Attlebrige, gent, for the like. 
Latin S pp. (129 10) 

The Bishop of Limerick to the Earl of Salisbury 
1609, July 22. — How 'tranquillous' this country is, there [are] none 
but know and 'infinite' rejoice at it. What certainty may be expected of 
the continuance, seeing many buzzing bees, crawling out of the old bee- 
hive of treasonous conspiracies, swarm here about daily, your watchful 
eye can easiest discern. Yet the multitude and presumption of 'mistary' 
priests (who, more than ever was usual, exercise all papal jurisdiction 
as confidently as if Italy were in Ireland: prescribe frequent masses 
almost openly : insolent pilgrimages of many thousands in an assembly, 
and some of them armed: procure secret offerings for unknown uses: 
publish toleration by suggestion of warrant from his Highness : proclaim 
penny pardons for sundry years past and to come : proscribe his Majesty 
in printed pamphlets to be no Christian), are prologues, as wisest prog- 
nosticators here affirm, of some consequences, the catastrophe whereof 
may prove a tragedy. These things I write but out of my study, and 
with silence pass them over, as being a mere divine and no politician, 
assuring myself that whilst the religious pillars of commonwealth stand, 
Holy Church can never miscarry. Therefore, fearing that these sus- 
picions by the 'understandinger' sages may be called needless careful- 
ness, I only solicit the all-ruling power for continual peace, and for your 
prosperity as one of the chiefest stays of true religious maintenance and 
the safety of God's saints. Limerick, July 22, 1609. 
Holograph I p. (195 109) 

Henry Atkins, George Turner, Ralph Wilkinson, 
Richard Palmer, John Argent and W. Poe to the Lord Treasurer 
[1609, after July 22]— On July 22, 1609, you committed to us, by the 
hands of Dr Atkins, a certain liquor in a small phial or glass to be 
examined, as well for the body and substance thereof as also whether it 
contained any matter of poison or not. We have made just trial thereof, 
both by smell, taste, sight and comparing it with other of the same nature 
out of the apothecary's shop, and have dissolved and examined the same 
by all such means as it can be tried; and we absolutely find and know 
the same liquor to be natural balsam of Peru, and no other thing but 
simple and 'impermixt.' For the more certainty we gave a great 
quantity thereof, at least 3 'dragmes,' to a little dog, and kept him 
fasting all night after it, who received no manner of hurt nor offence 



92 

thereby, which quantity, if it had been poison, would have killed 5 great 
dogs, not only one little cur. Undated. 

Signed Endorsed: 'A report from divers physicians concerning the 
"fained poyson" delivered by Bird.' 1^. (127 99) 

The Earl of Worcester to the Earl of Salisbury 
[1609] July 23. — I feel some melancholy disposition with this separa- 
tion from our company, but with hope it will not be long I will satisfy 
myself. Yesternight we arrived here about 9 of the clock. The King 
presently repaired to the Queen's chamber, where tarrying somewhat 
long I thought to go to supper. The King, being with child to hear from 
you, sent for me to his bedchamber, demanding what news from you. I 
told him that I had some negotiation for him, but because it was late I 
would reserve it until next day. Being impatient of delay, he would 
needs know what it was. I told him somewhat I had in charge from you 
to show him that came from Sir Thomas Edmonds, but I desired he 
would take some fitter time. He would needs see it, and taking out my 
bundle of papers he snatched them out of my hand, perused the titles of 
all, and finding the memorial took out that and read it every word, 
being well pleased with your conclusion, laughed and said 'my little fool.' 
I told him that he saw no more than myself did know, that no earthly 
cause but his important affairs could withhold you from the comfort of 
enjoying his personal presence. He sware by God he thought so. He 
then gave me the papers again, and leading me by the arm asked what 
we had done concerning the Venetian Ambassador. I made the whole 
relation of that morning's work, and that we had sent Mr Chancellor to 
the Ambassador's house to hear the examination of the priest, with the 
good liking of the Ambassador, which as soon as it was dispatched you 
would send unto him. But I find him much distasted with him, saying 
he was sure that the State of Venice would never endure it without a 
severe censure. I 'sweened' [? sweetened] him what I could with telling 
him how grievously he took the misfortune, and how willing he was to 
have the matter sifted by examination of the priest, and withal the 
course you had taken to have the priest forthcoming. With that and all 
your proceeding he was exceedingly pleased, and so for that time we 
parted. This day after dinner I waited on him again, and then I showed 
him Sir Thomas Edmonds's letter. To that he said you had acquainted 
him therewith before his departure. 'Sir,' said I, 'but he did not acquaint 
you with his answer,' and so gave him that, which he read, saying he 
knew not how you could concur with his heart's conceit unless you had 
been in his bosom; only desires this addition, that upon Sir Thomas's 
departure he would of himself say and lay it home to the Archduke what 
he had heard there, not meaning to make any advertisement thereof, 
but if by some other occasion his Majesty should hear the like, he might 
be able from his own mouth to give him satisfaction, when upon his 
return he should give his Majesty an account of his proceedings; and 
withal to let fall thus much, that if it were true, the slight account that 
his Majesty would make of it was but an expense of so much money as 
he daily bestowed amongst his followers and servants. 

For your project of Irish soldiers he doth exceedingly approve, to- 



93 

gether with your care of supply of money and munition. Touching the 
conduct to Sweveland, he rather inclines to the Lord of Wormeston than 
Sir Robert, for the reasons you alleged to me; but his doubt was how he 
could both dispatch these soldiers already provided, and undertake the 
conduction of the other out of Ireland. I answered that when Sir James 
Fullerton came, I made no doubt but you would satisfy him how it 
should be undertaken. For satisfaction of the competitors, he cares not 
greatly for the satisfaction of Sir Robert Steward, but refers all that to 
your determination. He was a little troubled with the examination of 
Strange, but for that I told him he need not trouble himself until your 
coming, which would be time enough for direction in that matter. 

For Sir Rafe Wynod, I moved him and [he] was very well pleased with 
the alteration. He demanded whether you would not send the like 
despatch to Spain to the Ambassador there. I showed him that was 
your intention, and the memorial that showed you had so done. 

PS. — As you may, send with expedition the advertisement of the 
Venetian's business, for he has asked many times, saying it could not be 
but that it was dispatched on Saturday night; and I pray you take 
notice of the addition to Sir Thomas Edmonds's letter in your next, for 
he told it to me three or four times over that I should not forget it. 
Windsor, 23 July. 

Holograph Endorsed: ' 1609 .' 3 pp. (127 100) 

[Printed in extenso in Lodge, Illustrations of British History, III, 
pp. 375-378, and the first part in Nichols, Progresses of James I, II, pp. 
261-62.] 

Sir Thomas Lake to the Earl of Salisbury 
1609, July 23. — His Majesty this afternoon commanded me to adver- 
tise you that concerning the clock, of which you sent to him a message by 
me to Wansted, the owners have been here with him (so as the way you 
took with them Avorks to good effect, as his Majesty says), and have 
offered it to him at such price as Bull, his clock keeper, shall esteem it to 
be worth. So as his Majesty thinks now it will fall to be reasonable; and 
although he trusts that Bull will not abuse him, yet he wishes you did a 
little season him with some admonition that if he would make profit by 
such a matter, he may hope for more of his Majesty's favour by his just 
dealing than he can by any reward from them. 

After this he willed to advertise you that Nesmith had made report to 
him that upon my message delivered to his Majesty from you (which I 
also imparted to Nesmith) concerning his suit for a like grant of selling 
wines by retail in Ireland as has been granted to my Lord Admiral here, 
that the same suit was proposed by my Lady Arbella, and that if it were 
meet to pass, it would be more convenient for her than any other. His 
Highness says that Nesmith has yielded to trouble him no further if my 
Lady Arbella persist in it, but does not remember that he ever heard of 
her in that matter; yet supposes she has been in hand with some of your 
Lordships about it, and thinks the best way to be that before anything 
be done in it the Lord Deputy and Council's opinion be taken, which he 
desires may come to him before it be imparted to either of them. 
Nesmith has offered him 400 l a year, which if the sale take place he is 



94 

willing to reserve to whomsoever it pass, but when he shall be informed 
by you of the value Avili make difference of the persons as he shall find 
there is cause. 

His Majesty having perused the extract of the Duke of Hoist's letter 
written in Dutch, concerning cloth and ordnance, and your notes upon 
it, thinks it unreasonable to be granted; but yet because he is a Prince 
so near to him in alliance, is pleased that his denial be with fair language; 
and wishes you to send for his servant who is appointed to make the 
provision, as the letter says, and to let him know that for cloth he has 
found by some favours showed at the beginning of his reign here so great 
abuse to himself in his customs, and so little benefit to those Princes 
whose names were made the pretences for obtaining such grants, as he 
did after the discovery thereof make denial to all that sought the like, 
and gave them good satisfaction when they were informed how it served 
for a colour to hinder his profit, and not to further them ; for that the 
merchants who made the provisions abated little to the Princes in the 
price. So as that being a resolution fixed in him, he hopes the Duke will 
not move him to alter it. As for ordnance, those licences became so 
odious to his Majesty's people, as that in Parliament suit was made to 
him to forbear to grant any, which he promised to his Estate so assem- 
bled, and cannot now break for kindness to any person; especially 
considering that those who obtain the same licences for the most part 
sell the ordnance to such as his Majesty has no cause to furnish with 
arms or munition, but to reserve them for the store of his own dominions. 
The man's name that brought the letter is mentioned in it, and when he 
has received this answer from you, if he shall press to have his Majesty's 
letters, upon advertisement from you he will give order. Court at 
Windsor, 23 July, 1609. 
Holograph 3 pp. (127 103) 

The Enclosure 
He [the Duke of Hoist] signifies that he has every year need of a 
certain quantity of English cloth for his own use and such servants as 
attend upon him in his Court; and also of some pieces of ordnance for 
the arming of his ships; that though heretofore he provided himself with 
the cloth at Hamborough and other neighbour cities, yet now finding 
himself much overreached in the said cloths, as also that those parts 
cannot afford him such as he desires, he has dispatched into England 
Albricht Shultzen to buy sufficient for a year's store, as also the said 
pieces of artillery, and begs leave to transport them. 
Note by Salisbury: God forbid this should be granted, either for cloth or 
ordnance, though for ordnance it has been granted to one Prince whom 
his Majesty holds so dear and has cause to do. Besides, his Majesty has 
denied it to Princes and Dukes in Germany already. Undated 
2 pp. 

The Duke of Lennox to the Earl of Salisbury 
[1609, July 23] — Details the reasons which led him to write his letter 
to Christ College, Cambridge. Some friends, of whom Sir John Went- 
worth was one, moved him thereto, but he forbore till a certificate 



came to him from the Vice-Chancellor that he might lawfully do it. 
Those of the College did not stand upon any prejudice it would be to 
them, and it was only urged that his letter did not satisfy the Statutes 
because he had not mentioned the employment of Bambrigge to be for 
affairs of State. On this exception he prayed the Master to urge no such 
exposition, but either to do it upon his first letter or to leave it undone. 
Thus was the business effected by an act of the University, set down by 
the Vice-Chancellor and others, and he thinks with so little disadvantage 
to their College that if this favour had been to be showed to some other 
better affected by them, it would never have been stood upon. He begs, 
seeing he has been induced to proceed so far in it and that he may law- 
fully do it, that it might extend to the benefit of him for whom he wrote. 
Nevertheless he will be governed by Salisbury's judgment. 

Encloses a petition from a gentlewoman and begs Salisbury's opinion 
upon it. Undated 
Signed Endorsed: '23 July 1609.' 2 pp. (127 105) 

Sir Thomas Waller to the Earl of Salisbury 
[1609] July 23. — This day were embarked from hence John Roberts, 
Edward Rogers and Mark Broughton, upon the word of the French 
Ambassador that such was your pleasure, and that 1 should give you 
notice thereof. He sends the enclosed letter to you, imparting the cause 
of his stay here, and the uncertainty of his going hence. Dover Castle, 
23 July. 
Holograph Endorsed: '1609.' I p. (127 106) 

John Lepton to the King 

1609, July 23. — I understand the reversion of the secretary's office at 
York is either passed or ready for your signature. I beg you to give order 
to Sir Thomas Lake that it may be so drawn that there may be no 
question in future betwixt this grant and my office which you have given 
me. 23 July, 1609. 
Holograph I p. (127 107) 

Sir Francis Fortescu to Lord [Salisbury] 

1609, July 23. — His adversaries, Sir John Townsend and others, under 
pretence of examining offences done in spoiling woods in Wytchewood 
Forest, intend to take away his office therein. Prays that Townsend may 
not be made a commissioner in the matter. Salden, 23 July, 1609 
Holograph I p. (132 105) 

Nicholas Smith to the Earl of Salisbury 
1609, July 23. — He was displaced from the customership of Yar- 
mouth by the late Lord Treasurer. Begs that his witnesses may be 
heard for his clearing, and for liberty upon such like bonds as formerly 
he was enlarged upon. 23 July, 1609. 
Holograph I p. (127 102) 

The Earl of Worcester to the Lord Treasurer 
[1609] July 24. — Your letter I received this day, being Tuesday, at 2 
in the afternoon, whereby I found great laziness in the posts. The King 



96 

•was very inquisitive all the morning what might be the cause, examining 
the hours and miles, concluding it could be no other but the post was 
'sonke.' I showed him your letter, wherewith he was well satisfied, 
saying there needed no dispatch. Not long after he would needs have 
me write concerning the examination of Strange, that you might be 
thoroughly resolved by his learned counsel of the state of that cause 
against your coming to Salisbury. His desire, as you know, is that he 
might be proceeded with not substantially, mentioning his priesthood or 
Jesuitical profession, but finding by his confession main points of 
treason to be his declared opinion; beside his flying from a direct answer 
to the interrogatories argues his treasonable heart. For example, at the 
first examination before the Lords, he confessed the King being ex- 
communicated by the Pope, that it was lawful or at least a happiness 
for any that could light upon him to kill him. Being put from that by 
the grossness of his argument, he said it was the common opinion, but 
he would not be the doer of it. Now being urged to declare his opinion, 
he believes as the Church does; but being demanded what the Church 
holds in that point, he does not remember: which forcibly must needs 
be concluded that he thinks the Church holds so, and he is of the same 
mind, which no jury in the world will doubt to avow him a traitor. 
This proceeding of the Jesuit he merrily alludes to Peter's thrice denial 
of Christ, for three times he has refused directly to deliver his opinion, 
as bound in duty to his Sovereign. 

For the Venetian's cause he will make no judgment until he be 
advertised what success the confronting will produce: I mean of the 
priest and Dabscat. 

Yesternight the King's stable fell on fire by negligence of a candle set 
on a post, which fell into the litter and burned the stable, 20 or 30 horse 
being in the stable. There miscarried but 4, and but 2 of them burnt to 
death, the other 2 unlike to recover. If our coach horses had miscarried, 
which were in the same place, we had made a short progress. I waited 
on the King as my duty was. He lost a pad horse, I lost another; he one 
hunting horse, I another; all our saddles both his and mine burnt, and 
the Queen's coach harness. While this tragedy was acting, it was a world 
to hear the report here. Some said it was a new Powder treason. An 
Englishman said a Scottish man was seen there with a link and he fired 
the stable. Some other said it was a device to set the stable on fire to 
draw all the guard and Court thither, that they might work some practice 
upon the King. But God be thanked, neither King, Queen or Prince 
slept the worse or even waked until the morning in due time. 

One word more touching yourself. You take exceptions to be called 
'fool,' and as it will be maintained, not only so but a parrot monger and 
a monkey monger and twenty other names; which fearing the issue of 
future inconvenience or challenge I will forbear to speak of any more. 
Farnham, 24 July. 

PS. — Let this letter be conveyed to my Lord Chamberlain. False 
rumours may run far. 

Holograph Endorsed: '1609.' '2\pp. (127 108) 

[Printed in extenso in Lodge, Illustrât ion* of British History, 111. pp. 

378-380, and partly in Nichols, Progresses of James I, II, pp. 262-263. J 



97 

The Duke of Lennox to the Earl of Salisbury 
1609, July 24. — This bearer, Mr Lepton, having delivered his Majesty 
the enclosed paper, his Majesty is pleased that some stay be made of the 
grant he mentions of the secretary's place, until it appears to you that 
it is to pass without prejudice to the place his Majesty has bestowed on 
him. Windsor, 24 July, 1609. 
Signed \p. (127 110) 

Lord Treasurer Salisbury to Sir Thomas Edmondes 
1609, July 25. — The advertisement which you have sent me by this 
bearer and the collections which you have made thereupon, as they are 
demonstrations of your continual care and zeal to his Majesty's service, 
so I thought fit to impart them to his Majesty that he might behold the 
particulars as they concur, and by laying all circumstances together 
make his judgment of the matter itself what is most like to happen or 
not happen thereupon, without apprehending more on the one side or 
apprehending less on the other than there is just occasion offered. For 
the general his Majesty agrees with you, that by the concurrency of 
things there is likelihood that there is some practice in motion, but so 
far only probable yet as men may conclude that known traitors and 
fugitives will leave no means unattempted to show their inveterate 
malice, and often will pretend greater forwardness in their designs (there- 
by to countenance themselves towards the party) than there is cause. 
But that this enterprise should be directly carried by open force from 
Spain, as his Majesty thinks not that the Spanish King's affairs are in 
such state as to bear it; so for any indirect means either by colouring the 
sending any numbers of men under the name of the Pope or Church, 
there is no Prince so simple as to think his Majesty will any whit the 
less impute the injury to them from whose territories the preparation 
either moves first or has any supply after; so as I must still conclude 
that when that action shows itself, the King of Spain will expect to 
receive that measure from his Majesty which so notorious a breach 
deserves, such covers and pretexts serving always for those Princes who 
know their enemies and dare not avow the knowledge for some second 
end or advantage. And therefore seeing Tyrone's return into Ireland 
must either be with some foreign power or with some few Irish fugitives 
(which cannot be prevented, nor can be of greater consequence than to 
disorder the plantation and put his Majesty to charge in respect of the 
inward ill affection of the home subjects), this is the best use that can 
be presently made of this advertisement : first, to continue vigilant how 
things do move on all sides; next, to take care for money and victual in 
that kingdom provisionally against such an accident as the descent of 
Tyrone with some stragglers may prove; and presently to take occasion 
to speak to the Archduke of it, to see what answer he would make upon 
the sudden, which his Majesty thinks you may conveniently do before 
your departure as from yourself: first, by letting him know what you 
hear; next, by laying before him how impossible it is for such an action 
to receive any other censure of a wise King (when he shall see any troops 
transported from Spain or Dunkirk, under whose name or banner soever 
it be covered) than for a breach of amity, yea, though it be but by 



98 

suffering them to ship any number of men out of his territories, or to 
use the vessels or assistance of any of his subjects. This you may let fall 
as of yourself, without intimating that you have given any advertise- 
ment of it hither, because it is not such as may be worthy the alteration 
of any of his Majesty's main courses further than to prepare his thoughts, 
and yet convenient to be told him that they may see they cannot walk 
unobserved. 

It has been also strange to me to understand that the Baron of 
Hoboque pretends to have some commission from hence to deal with 
the Marquis Spinola about the breaking of the Irish Regiment, though 
his Majesty might have just cause to observe it as an argument of no 
great amity; for I do easily believe that by the colour of dismissing of 
that regiment upon this conjuncture all this intention may be covered 
and executed, so as I should think that this may be done of purpose to 
licentiate them to pass into Ireland to support the party; and therefore 
you shall do well in that kind to hinder any such direction, for that were 
to move him to do it, or by not doing what they intend not to value it as 
an obligation. But for the powder men, it is true his Majesty had some 
speeches with the Baron for removing of them at least from the face and 
protection of his Court, which you may still expostulate. I do confess 
that I have been the most jealous of the breaking of this regiment 
because I heard the Marquis Spinola is very forward for it. Of these 
matters and of other just grievances his Majesty will take it well if you 
can take an answer in -writing by way of apostile or otherwise from the 
Archduke or his principal councillors, as a course fit for you to press at 
your departure, because you may bring back with you the perfect image 
of those Princes' minds, which is one of the ends for which all ambassa- 
dors are employed, and whereof they must account at their return. This 
is as much as I can say unto you at this time, who are able enough to 
judge upon the ground you have received what will be fitting or not 
fitting to do upon any occasion that is offered. 25 July, 1609. 
Copy 2% pp. (227* p. 327) 
Abstract from the above. (227 p. 363) 

The Earl of Worcester to Lord [Salisbury] 
[1609] July 26. — His Majesty perused your letter, and likes of all/your 
proceedings, only it is his express pleasure that in your dispatch to Sir 
Thomas Edmondes you should direct him to say to the Archduke that, 
seeing he refused his Majesty's book for fear of the Pope's displeasure, 
he caused his Ambassador to deliver him a book printed in his own 
territories, which he assures himself the Pope will not be offended at; 
willing him withal that in the same conference with the Archduke he 
urge him to express what he thinks of it, whether it ought to be suffered 
in a Christian Commonwealth, three or four of the principal blas- 
phemous points being by him delivered; and to conclude that his 
Majesty endures the calumniation the better in that he is coupled with 
the blessed Trinity, and that whosoever spares not to blaspheme God 
will not fear to dishonour him with slanderous lies. If it fortune your 
dispatch be gone before these come to you, his Majesty's pleasure is that 
you should send another presently after. We are now setting sail for 



99 

Basing (the King another way), where I will expect your coming. 

Farnham. 26 July. 

Holograph I p. (127 111) 

[Printed in extenso in Lodge, Illustrations of British History. 111. pp. 381] 

Lord Cobham to the Earl of Salisbury 
1609, July 26. — Thanks Salisbury for giving command that he should 
have a window made in his chamber, and that he should have his 
chamber made warm against winter; and begs him to take order with 
the surveyor before he goes on progress, as nothing is done as yet. 
Recommends his wretched estate to Salisbury, and prays God to put it 
in his heart to help him out of this thraldom. Tower, 26 July, 1609. 
Holograph, signed: H. Brooke. Endorsed: 'Ld Cobham.' 1 p. 
(127 112) 

The Earl of Northumberland to the Earl of Salisbury 
[1609] July 26. — I held it necessary to give you satisfaction that my 
having my son here was but for some few days, albeit my intent is to 
wean him from his nursery company and his mother's wings. You know 
that children's conversations are not suitable to my humour, if it were 
not for some other end than to look upon them. I am very careful to 
make him a fit servant for the King and his country. To desire only that 
he should live is the care commonly of chary mothers; the care of 
fathers is as well to make fair their insides as their out. I acquaint you 
herewith as information has been given out that I meant he should he 
here continually, and to be a suitor that sometimes for 4 or 5 days he 
might be permitted to lie here, that I may examine the profit he makes 
in those virtues that are fit for one of his birth. July 26. 
Holograph Endorsed: ' 1609.' I p. (127 113) 

The Earl of Salisbury and Sir Julius Caesar to the High Sheriff 
of Oxfordshire and the Commissioners for spoils of his Majesty's 

WOODS THERE 

1609, July 26. — Enclosing their commission. The Sheriff is required 
to pay each Commissioner present at the giving of the charge, 10s, and to 
the jury 20s, and on receiving the verdict the like sums. Salisbury* 
House, 26 July, 1609. 
Signed \p. ' (127 114) 

The Same to the High Sheriff of Berkshire and the Commissioners 

FOR SPOILS OF WOODS 

1609, July 26.— They send a commission for inquiring of spoils of 
woods in Berkshire. The Sheriff is to pay to each of the Commissioners, 
when charged, 10s and to the jury 20s, and the like sum upon receiving 
the verdict; to be allowed upon the Sheriff's account in the Exchequer. 
Salisbury House, 26 July, 1609. 
Signed I p. (132 122) 
Duplicate of the above. (132 129) 



100 

Sir Robert Johnson to George Calvert 
[1609] July 26. — His Honour [Salisbury] has given direction for 
letters to be written to the sheriffs of Northampton, Buckingham, Berks 
and Oxford, ordering them to pay the charges of the King's com- 
missioners for inquiry of spoil of woods, of the jurors and the witnesses. 
He prays Calvert to acquaint Sir Walter Cope therewith, and deliver 
the letters to the bearer. Undated. 
Holograph I p. (132 168) 

Sir William Waad to the Earl of Salisbury 
1609, July 26. — I send } T ou the confession of Mrs Dabscote written 
out and enlarged in some points. The name of the priest that brought 
the first message unto her I cannot as yet get from her, who if he could 
be known and apprehended it is likely he could discover the author of 
this scandalous work. I conceive it is no new work, but with the 
addition in the end, lately devised, is now set forth. I have directed 
warrants for the apprehension of all those to whom she delivered books. 
Avho must be examined of the dispersing of them. For her maid, if she 
might be forthcoming. 1 see no cause but she might be set at liberty. 

I have sent for the constable of Barking to give direction also to him 
for the apprehension of Parry and his son so soon as they land, and by 
these means I hope we shall in the end at the least find out those who 
have had sight of these books, whom I should brand with the mark of 
false and disloyal. By Dapscote himself I perceive the conceit that 
Toby Mathew should be the author of this work is derived from some 
speech his Majesty, as is given forth, should use. 26 July, 1609. 
Holograph I p. (195 108) 

Sir Thomas Edmondes to the Lord Treasurer 
1609, July 26.— The Spanish Ambassador and the Marquis Spinola 
coming this day to visit him had amongst other things speech of the 
matters of Cleeves. They both protested that neither the King of Spain 
nor the Archdukes had any knowledge of the Archd. Leopold coming to 
Juliers, but that he was only sent by the Emperor to maintain the right 
of his title. Neither would the said K. or Archd. intermeddle in the cause 
so long as other princes and states should not interest themselves. 
Answered that the Emperor had made such an unjust usurpation upon 
the right of the other prétendants as Christian princes were in honour 
bound to assist them to recover their lawful possessions. If they were 
not the principal actors in the wrong, they were maintainers of it, and it 
was but too apparent to whose profit matters were like to be carried 
under the specious name of the Emperor. 

These discourses nothing pleased Spinola who has so long desired to 
make his retreat from hence. All their striving is to remove the jealousy 
that neither the K. of Spain nor these Princes have any part in the 
business ; but the suspicion thereof is much increased by the observation 
made of the moneys lately and with such diligence made over from Spain, 
as if it were chiefly for the use of this occasion. Besides the 60,000 crowns 
first assigned for discharging their men of war, an extraordinary courier 
has since been sent from Spain with bills of provisions for 75,000 crowns 



101 

more, which by the contract with the merchants is to be paid from the 
beginning of September by 100,000 crowns the month, save that in 
November there is to be paid 200,000 crowns. It is said that for 200,000 
crowns of the said sum the merchants are assigned their payment upon 
the impost of cards in Spain, and the residue they are promised at the 
return of the Indias fleet in October. This proportion of 100,000 crowns 
the month will more than satisfy the ordinary third pays of the army 
according to the present numbers, and of late they have forborne to 
discharge any more men. 

The French Ambassador here has been advertised since the dispatch 
of his secretary into France that the said K. makes great show of per- 
severing in his resolution to assist the M. of Brandenburg and his party. 
For that purpose he has sent Mons r . de Bethune and other French cap- 
tains to return to their charges in Holland, and Mons r . de Chastillon is 
also presently to follow. They report that the French K. gives out he will 
come in his own person to that war, and that they carry letters to the 
States to take order for the lodging of the French troops upon the borders 
of Cleeveland. They cannot as yet here believe that the said K. means in 
good earnest to embark himself in that quarrel, but only that from the 
present necessitous estate of the affairs of Spain he thinks he may suffici- 
ently work by the favour of his countenance on the other's behalf. So 
contrariwise it is held that the K. of Spain sets up his resolution against 
the same, both to make it appear his affairs are not so much under foot 
and also in hope to weaken the constancy of France. But if it should fall 
out that the French K. should effectually engage himself, these men 
would be the first to relent for want of means. 

The Archd. sent one of his secretaries to visit the Archd. Leopold, and 
since has sent him presents of rich tapestry hangings and some fair 
horses. There has been also here a gentleman from the said Duke, and 
it is said he has besides commission to go to the French King. 

Understands that the Pope liberally disposes of the ecclesiastical 
livings of Ireland, having, besides making Florence McCarty Bishop of 
Tyrone, created another about Tyrone called Mons r . Mohan Bishop of 
Clowger. One Father Nicholas, who lives in these parts, and another are 
made Abbots. It may be that the present occupations about the matters 
of Cleeves will change the course of the other designs. Upon this 
occasion the Irish colonel's journey for Spain may be stayed. His Lord- 
ship will perceive by the enclosed copy of a letter written in Dusseldorpe 
how matters pass in Cleeves and Julliers. Sends an extract of the last 
advertisements out of Germany. 26 July, 1609. 
Copy 3 pp. (227 p. 324) 
[Original in P.R.O., State Papers Foreign, Flanders, 9.] 

Sir Thomas Lake to the Earl of Salisbury 
1609, July 27. — I received your letters this morning, being the day of 
his Majesty's remove, and have delivered the enclosed to my Lord of 
Worcester and Sir Roger Aston. I acquainted his Majesty with those to 
myself, who is very well satisfied with your answers to those things I 
had written of to you. I return herewith all those bills signed which I 
received. I thought good only to remember you that it seemed to me by 



102 

your letter there should have been two bills concerning Sir Stephen 
Proctor, one for his authority, the other for his office, but I received but 
one which is for the office; except your meaning be that for his authority 
he shall have only warrant from the Court of the Exchequer. 

You shall receive herewith also a letter to the Lord Deputy of Ireland 
concerning one Clegorn, a Scottish gentleman, about land supposed to be 
forfeited, which you signified to me you would not mislike that he had. 
I have qualified the letter as much as I could (though not with his great 
liking), and left it in the Lord Deputy's power notwithstanding the 
return of the commission, howsoever it shall prove, if he know any reason 
to forbear, that he may suspend the execution of the letter. This I did 
because it seems a great quantity of land, and is unknown here whom it 
may concern. I have also sent you his petition, and the answer of the 
commissioners of Ireland, and have mentioned in his Majesty's letter 
that the same goes to the Lord Deputy enclosed in the letter. All this 
I thought good to send to you before the gentleman come himself, 
because you may consider whether it shall go on that into Ireland, or 
receive any other consideration here. 

We are much troubled with complaints against deer stealers, and 
greatly out of patience with it, and are giving to my Lord Admiral very 
strict directions for his proceedings against them. 

I have not been commanded yet by his Majesty, but it is told me that 
he said yesterday he would give me order to advertise you that for the 
complaints of cutting woods hereabouts made against Norden, he is fully 
satisfied, and finds it came by a pack of a knave that could not have wood 
of him at his own price. Court at Farnham, 27 July, 1609. 
Holograph 2 pp. (127 115) 



Sin Edward Holmden 
1609, July 27. — Warrant to the Earl of Salisbury. Sir Edward 
Holmden has sustained great losses at sea, and lately has had his ship 
consumed by fire, having in her cast iron ordnance, i.e. 18 sakers and 4 
demi-culverins, which being overheated are so unserviceable that he can- 
not sell them in this realm. He is to have licence to transport the 
ordnance into foreign parts and there to sell the same, paying the usual 
customs. Palace of Westminster, 27 July. 7 Jac. 
Signed by the King I p. (127 116) 
[See Cal.S.P.Dom, 1603-1610, p. 532] 



Viscount Haddington to Lord [Salisbury] 
1609, July 27. — His Majesty had good liking of the reparation that 
was made upon the house here, and of the diligence of the workmen for 
the little time they had, which is not yet finished. He bid me signify that 
the workmen do not depart till the house be all repaired according as 
they have begun, with protestation that when he is better stored in 
money he will bestow more towards the same, for the good liking he and 
the Queen have taken at this time. Farnham, 27 July, 1609. 
Holograph I p. (127 117) 



103 

Rob. Fludd to Lord [Salisbury] 
1609, July 28. — Report of his proceedings as commissioner for sale of 
the King's woods and surveyor of lands in Anglesey, Carnarvon, 
Merioneth, Flint and Montgomery. Claims of Sir Edward Harbert and 
Sir Richard Hopton to woods in the latter shire. Conowey, 28 July. 
1609. 
Holograph lp. (132 107) 

Tibbot Gorges to the Earl of Salisbury 
1609, July 29/August 8. — Has accomplished his long voyage to his 
full contentment, and on his arrival purposed to go to Orleans to know 
his young Lord's pleasure, but his Lordship's sudden coming prevented 
it. If it stands with the Earl's liking, the Lord Ambassador will com- 
mand him to wait upon him into England, if his return be so soon as his 
Lordship thinks it will be; if not, he purposes to repair homewards. 
Meantime he will abide in Paris, and endeavour to recover the French 
tongue, which is much impaired by his learning Italian, with a very little 
Dutch, which has much disturbed the others. Paris, 8 August, 1609, 
st.no. 
Holograph I p. (94 124) 

Sir Thomas Lake to the Earl of Salisbury 
1609, July 29. — I received your letters concerning Neale Garvey 
yesterday at Winchester about noon, h>s Majesty being then on his way 
to Broadlands, his next remove; and I followed him presently and 
acquainted him with the contents, though somewhat late, at his return 
from hunting in the forest of Westbeare. I framed also a letter ready 
for him to sign according to your direction, which he has signed, and 
herewith I send it. At the perusing of your letter, and the signing of this, 
he used no other words concerning the matter but that he marvelled why 
they might not be safe in the castle of Dublin. My answer was that the 
natural unsoundness of the people towards his Highness's service, and 
their affection to their great men, might give more opportunities to 
escape than here. He called the Prince to the reading of that part of 
your letter where you made mention of taking his opinion, and they were 
both merry at it. But for the Duke of Cornwall's hundred pound 
toward the clock, his answer is that with his Majesty's leave he has be- 
stowed it another way, but if you lay it out he will give you leave to pay 
yourself again, so it be not out of his revenue. 

While his Majesty was at Farnham, some of the better sort of the 
town acquainted me with a grievance amongst divers poor men of the 
town and country thereabouts, who had been taken up for labourers for 
the reparations at Farnham, and were unpaid, some of ten shillings, 
some of a noble, some of twenty shillings, being very poor creatures, 
and the time hard, insomuch as they borrowed of their neighbours for 
their daily bread. It is but a matter of 50 1 or 60 1 that is owing amongst 
that sort of people. It is the negligence of some of the officers of the 
works, upon whom it may please you to call to see it discharged, for I 



104 



know it is against } 7 our fashion that reclamation should be moved for so 
small trifles. Broadlands, 29 July, 1609. 

PS. — The report of Mr Attorney of Ireland of the proceedings, and 
the copy of the ratification, I left with his Majesty to read at his leisure. 
Holograph 2 pp. (127 118) 

Viscount Cranborne's Travels 
1609, July 29-August 8/October 20-30.— 'The Earl of Salisbury's* 

Journall of his Travayles in France, Italy, Germany, Low-Countries and 

Savoy, begun 1609.' 

Aoust 1609 Le huitième d'Aoust ie party d' Orleans pour commencer 
mon voyage du tour de France. 

A deux lieues d'Orl[eans] a St Mesmin il faut passer la 
petite riviere de Loiret sur un pont de pierre. 
A deux lieues de la le bourg de Clery et une assés belle 
Eglise fondée de Nostre Dame d'où les Chanoines 
portent titre de Barons. 

A 4 lieues de ce bourg est St Laurent des eaues, petit 
bourg qui fut nostre premiere couchée. 
De la a 4 lieues s'esquartant un peu du grand chemin a 

Chambourg la gauche voyes le superbe chasteau de Chambourg. 

Blois A 5 lieues duquel est la ville de Blois sur la riviere de 

Loire, ce fut nostre disnee du 2 iour. 
Il faut y voir le Chasteau, plus remarquable pour ce que 
s'y est passé aux estats que pour l'ornam[en]t ou la 
structure. 

Les jardins sont tout devant terre ingrate qui ne 
produit que par artifice, mais au bout il y a de très 
belles allées bien plantées de palissades et de grands 
arbres près d'une lieue de long. 
Nous partîmes de Blois le lundy dixième d'Aoust après 

Amboise diner pour venir a Amboise a 10 lieues, en chemin vous 

avez tousiours la riviere de Loire a la gauche, pais fort 
plaisant tant pour les colines qui sont a l'entour 
chargées de bois par endroits et de toutes sortes de 
commodités par tout que pour les belles maisons et 
Chasteaux. 

Entre autres a moitié du chemin au droit d'escures, petit 
village, vous avez Chaumont d'un costé de la riviere a 
la gauche qui est a Monsieur de la Rochefoucaut, de 
l'autre celuy d'Onzain. 

Il faut passer Loire sur un beau pont a Amboise. J'y 
couchay pour voir le lendemain le Chasteau qui est fort 
superbement basty, grand et bien fortifié. On peut 
monter par une vis qui est en une grosse tour iusques 
au plus haut estage en un carosse tiré à 4 chevaux: 
voies la des cornes admirables d'un cerf. 

Tours Nous en partimes le mardi onzième pour venir a Tours 

ou il y a sept lieues ayant la riviere de Loire a la droite 

'Inserted above in a later hand: "William". 



105 

et a la gauche des colines riches de toutes sortes de 
coustaux. J'arrivay a Tours le mardy au soir pour y 
voir le lendemain la fortification de la ville neufue 
dessein des plus admirables, le palmail, un ioly cabinet 
qui est au Chantre de St Gratien, l'abaye de Marmoutier 
ou est l'ampoule dont le roy a esté oint a Chartres, les 
caves goutieres a trois lieues de Tours ou l'eau se 
congelé et devient pierre. 

Saumur Le vendredy 14 d'Aoust ie laissay Tours pour venir ce 

mesme iour a Saumur qui en est a dix sept lieues. Au 
sortir vous avez du costé de Tours ces marais ou iardins 
qui produisent tant de bons fruits et autres commoditez. 
L'Angez est a sept lieues de Tours, petite ville et un 
chasteau asses apparent qui est a Madame d'Entragues 
par le don que luy en feist le Roy Charles q a ses couches 
de celuy qu'on appelle le Conte d'Auvergne. 
Nostre disnee fut a la chapelle blanche a dix lieues de 
Tours; tout au droit presque et de l'autre costé de la 
riviere est le Chasteau d'Ossé, 3 lieues plus bas celuy 
de Montsoreau du mesme costé de la riviere, et est le 
commencement d'Aniou. 

A trois lieues de la passez les ponts pour venir a 
Saumur ou ceux de la religion sont les plus forts, 
seureté de leur retraite s'il arivoit quelque trouble; y 
ont un temple dans la ville, les catholiques y sont 
desarmez. Monsieur du Plessis Morney en est gouver- 
neur. 

Le Samedy 15 Aoust ie pensois avoir ce bien de voir M r . 
du Plessis, mais d'autant que ses affaires l'avoient 
appelle en Poictou quelques iours auparavant, ie ne 
laissay d'estre bien receu au Chasteau par son lieutenant 
qui en avoit le commandement comme il m'asseura. 
La place est assez bien munie du costé de la ville, 
couverte de bons espérons revestus et de bons doubles 
canons dessus et bon nombre de petites pieces de 
campagne: du costé des champs les fortifications ne 
sont pas encor revestues pour ce qu'il n'est pas permis 
de se fortifier durant la paix. Le dedans est assez beau, 
surtout le gouverneur y a une fort belle biblioteque, 
trois galeries, l'une pour le plaisir, l'autre pleine de 
cuirasses et corcelets, la troisième pleine de mousquets 
et de toutes sortes d'armes. 

Angers Ce mesme iour 15 ie vins a Angeers ou Ion conte dix 

bon[n]es lieues, ceste ville est sur la riviere de Maine a 
une lieue du pont de Se ou passe la riviere de Loire. 
Du costé de la levée chemin ordinaire il n y a pas 
beaucoup de bons bourges comme de l'autre costé. Il 
faut passer au bas a Sorges, lotion, petite riviere a une 
lieue d'Angers. Scest la que ceux de la religion s'assem- 
blent pour leur exercise; voies Angers de belles Eglises, 

CM— J 



106 



mais surtout le Chasteau très fort, bien muny de toutes 

choses et bien gardé. 

Le mardy dixhuitieme d'Aoust party d'Angers pour 

Ingrande venir coucher a Ingrande a sept lieues de la, lieu sur la 

riviere de Loire ou se font d'estranges exactions sur ce 
qui mènent le sel. Le lendemain a cent pas de la nous 
entrâmes en Britaigne pour passer a Ancenis qui est a 
4 lieues de la; beau chasteau et fort, qui est a Madame 
de Mercure. A deux lieues de la latour d'Oudon qui est a 
Monsieur le Con[n]estable avec autres belles terres; la 
au tour ce fut nostre dinee. 

Nantes Nantes en est a quatre lieues ou nous arrivâmes le 

mercredy au soir 19, ville fort marchandé et les navieres 
vienent tout au près du pont, forte d'assiette et d'artifice, 
un beau Chasteau et un grand magazin d'armes, un 
beau tombeau en l'Eglise de Carmes, une assez belle 
chambre de ville etc. 

Le vendredy 21 au sortir de Nantes, a cinq lieues de la, 
diné a vieille vigne. Et a une lieue et demye de la a un 
petit village nom[m]e l'Abregment est le commencement 
du bas Poictou. Couché a la grève a six lieues de 
nostre dinee, cest un pauvre village et tout ruiné. Le 
lendemain diner a Lusson, gros bourg et bon evesché a 
six lieues de la grève: après diner il faillut faire sept 
lieues par les marais, méchant passage, pour arriver a 

La Rochelle la Rochelle sur les sept heures du soir. 

Je fu contraint d'y demeurer depuis le samedy 22 

Septembre Aoust iusques au ieudy 3 de Septembre malade d'une 

1609 grosse fièvre qui me dura environ de 3 iours en fin de la 

quelle Dieu me visita de la maladie qu'ils appellent la 
petite vérole. Au sortir de la chambre ie vey ce qui 
sensuit. Le port qui est assez beau et seur ou les 
naviers de cinq cents tonneaux peuvent entrer aux 
grandes marées, la maison de ville, l'arcenal ou entre 
autres pieces il y a une couleurine d'environ 20 pieds, la 
vieille fortification par dedans et par dehors, le dessein 
admirable qu'ilz continuent d'une merveilleuse diligence 
non obstant la paix, dessein autant remarquable 
qu'autre qui soit point. 

Party donc de la Rochelle le Jeudy troisième de 
Septembre pour disner au gué charrou, chasteau a 5 
lieues de la. Apres diner il faillut passer la riviere de 
Bouton[n]e a deux lieues du gué au bas d'une petite 
ville nom[m]ee Tonné Boutonne; de la il y a 3 lieues 

Taillebourg jusques a Taillebourg; le chasteau est assez bon tenu 
par ceux de la religion; ce fut nostre couchée. Le 
lendemain il y faillut passer la Charente pour aller diner 

Xaintes a Xainctes a 2 lieues de la, ville assez bonne, garnie d'un 

chasteau tel quel et d'une bonne citadelle. On y voit 
les ruines d'un vieil amphiteatre et autres antiquités 



107 



Ponts 



Blave 



Bourdeaux 



Cadillac 



Langon 



Ceste maison 
est du costé 
de Madame 
du Maine 

Agen, Capitale 
d'Ageroi 



Moissac 
Montaubon 



Toulouse 



vers le pont. De Xainctes a couché a Pons, autre place 
tenue par ceux de la religion sur la riviere de Seigne a 4 
lieues de la. Le Samedy 5 de Sep. dine au petit Niort 
qui est a 4 lieues a moitié chemin. M r . d'Epernon y a 
un fort beau chasteau, et tout contre Le petit Niort est 
celuy de Mirambaut. Du petit Niort couché a Blaie ou 
il y a 6 lieues pour partir le dimanche matin a cinq 
heures avec la marée pour arriver a Bourdeaux, a sept 
lieues de la, sur la belle riviere de Garonne dans 
laquelle tombe celle de Dordogne a moitié du chemin 
au dessus de la petite ville de Bourg. 
Arrive a Bourdeaux le dimanche 6 Sept, au matin et 
vey les ruines du palais de l'Empereur Galien hors la 
ville, celles du palais tutele remarques ancien[n]es de la 
grandeur et magnificence des Romains. La ville est 
assez belle, un beau port ou les Anglois font un grand 
trafiqe de vin. 

Au partir de Bourdeaux le mercredy 9 Sep: diné a 
Cadillac a 5 lieues. La est la maison de M r d'Epernon 
dont le dessein peut estre plus grand qu'il n'apparoist. 
Apres diner poursuivy mon chemin a Langon, petite 
ville a 2 lieues de la. J'y passe la Garone le lendemain 
pour diner a la Reole a 2 grandes lieues de la. Couché a 
Marmande a 3 lieues et en venant vous trouvez la 
pauvre petite ville de Ste Baseille toute démantelée. 
Le vendredy presque tout au droict veu Caumont ou 
M? le Conte de St Paul tient garnison; la environ est la 
ville et chasteau d'Aiguillon, petit Duché dou le fils 
aisné de M" du Maine porte le nom; diné ce mesme iour 
au port Ste Marie a 4 lieues de Marmande. 
Apres diner ie ne peu faire que 2 très grandes lieues pour 
venir coucher a Agen. Le Samedy 12 disné a la magis- 
terre a 3 lieues sur la Garon[n]e. Couché a Moissac a 2 
lieues, assez belle petite ville; de la vous pouvez voir 
fort a clair les monts Pyrenees. La passé le Tar, riviere 
qui tombe la au près en la Gironne. Le dimenche pour 
venir a Montauban sur le Tar ou le peuple est tout de la 
religion excepté 2 maisons; place bien fortifiée a la 
moderne au plus près comme la Rochelle, et bien 
autant avancée. De la il y a trois lieues a Moissac. 
Le Lundy 14 diné a Fronton a 3 lieues et le mesme iour 
arrivé a Toulouse a 4 lieues de Fronton, veu ce qui 
sensuit. 

Les reliques (comme ils disent) et les corps entiers de 6 
Apostres et autres saincts. En une chappelle 12 images 
des Apostres qui se soulevèrent oyans blasphemer. 
Cecy est en l'église St Saturnin. Aux Cordeliers force 
corps entiers at desechez, et par tout autant pete estre 
de superstition qu'en tout autre lieu. La maison de 
ville embellie de peintures des Capitouls, force canons 



108 



et autres armes. Un beau moulin hors de la porte et de 
beaux bastimens par tout. Toulouse est la capitale de 
Languedoc, siege du parlement. Monsieur Le Connest- 
able est gouverneur de tout le pais et M r son fils en a la 
survivance. M r . Le Duc de Ventadour est lieutenant du 
Roy par toute la province, et se dit une chose notable de 
sa maison qu'elle tire son extraction de Levi comme 
celle d'Usez et quelques autres. Le mercredy 16 Sept, 
party pour venir disner a une meschante petite place 
nommée ville nouvelle a 4 lieues. 

Castelnaud- Ce soir couché a Castelnaud'ary (ainsi appelle pour 

'ary avoir esté basty par les Arriens) a 4 lieues. Le Jeudy 

disné a ville seiche a 4 lieues, et après disner fait 2 

Carcassonne lieues pour venir a Carcassone, belle petite ville, et la 
cité au dessus, lieu assez fort de nature et bien gardé 
pour estre près de la frontière, mesme que les bandoul- 
iers font par fois des courses la au tour. 
Le vendredy 18 Sept, disné a Lusignac, meschante 
petite bicoque a 5 lieues, et ce mesme iour couché a 

Narbonne Narbonne sur la riviere d'Aude a une lieue de la mer 

mediterranee, forte ville gardée d'une garnison de 6 a 
7 cens hommes de guerre outre les habitants. M r de St 
Gignes en est gouverneur; il n'y a point de gens de la 
religion. On y trouve force pierres inscriptes du temps 
des Romains. Ceste place est a trois petites lieues de 
Lusignac, et a 8 lieues de Parpignan. Voyes y outre 
la fortification très belle a la moderne, un tableau du 
Lazare des plus excellents. Le Samedy party sur le 
midy pour venir a Beziers a 4 lieues. Tout le chemin 
est montueux pour la plus part mais plein d'herbes, et 
arbrisseaux odoriférants, romarins, lavande, thim etc. 
Beziers est une ville bien assize sur un haut avec une 
petite Citadelle. M r Le Baron de Spondillan en est 
gouverneur. Le peuple commence a y estre fort 
courtois au respect de ces humeurs fantasques du haut 
Languedoc; ceux de la religion y ont leur exercise a un 
quart de lieue de la ville. 

Pezenas Le dimanche venu a Pezenas a 4 lieues ou demeure M r . 

Le Duc de Ventadour; tout au droit sont deux belles 
baron[n]ies de Castellnau et Conas. Le Lundy venu a 
Lopian a 3 lieues. La ie pris la poste pour voir les bains 
de Ballerue Frontignan tant célèbre pour le bon muscat 

Monpellier que s'y recueille, et de la venir a Montpellier ou il y a 5 

lieues. Le Mardy 22 i'assistay aux escoles de médecine 
pour voir prendre le degré de docteur a un Ecossois, veu 
en outre le iardin du Roy dont on fait tant de cas pour les 
simples et plantes rares qu'on y apporte de tout le 
monde. Il n'y a pas beaucoup de choses a y remarquer 
outre la courtoisye du peuple, si non que ceste ville est 
une de celles que ceux de la religion tienent pour seureté. 



en S. église 
St Ticot 



Beziers 



109 



Aussy les catoliques y sont desarmez, ne gardent point 
les portes et y a 4 compagnies de gens de pied en garni- 
son. M r de Chastillon en est gouverneur, et le S r de St 
André son lieutenant. Je n'en peu partir pour la lassi- 
tude de mes chevaux que le vendredy 25 Sept, pour venir 

Nismes a Nimes ou il y a 8 lieues du meilleur pais du Languedoc. 

Nimes estoit une colonie des Romains, bien plus grande 
ville qu'elle n'est comme les ruines le monstrent. La 
vous voyes hors la ville les ruines d'un temple bien basty 
a l'honeur de Diane ou du dieu dis. Sur une haute 
montaigne toute au près une tour d'une structure 
excellente, et quelques uns croyent que c'estoit un 
mausole pour conserver les cendres de quelque grand. 
Dans la ville un tresbel amphiteatre presque tout entier, 
un bastiment ancien qu'ils appellent la maison quarree 
et il m'est advis que ce bastiment tient de la forme de 
celuy de Bourdeaux pour estre un temple a l'honneur 
d'une impératrice comme celuy la a l'honneur des 
dieux tutelaires. Mais ces edifices sont de structure 
admirable de grandes pierres ioinctes sans ciment, et si 
ne les peut on disioindre. Nimes est gardé seulement 
par les habitants qui sont presque tous de la religion. 

Pontdugard Party le Samedy pour voir le Pont du gard a 4 lieues, 
pont admirable sur la petite riviere de Gardon pour 
ioindre deux montagnes pour couler dessus un aqueduct 
qui venoit d'Usez a Nimes sept grandes lieues; c'est la 
plus superbe antiquité de toutes, et en un pais fort 

Avignon sterile; disné la auprès pour coucher en Avignon a 4 

lieues. Tout le pais est au Roy iusques a Villeneufue et 
la fortresse de St André; mais ce qui est de l'autre 
costé est au Pape, qu'il tient par engagement. Cest le 
Conté de Venisse ou d'Avignon qui comprend quatre 
vingt petites villes ou bons bourgs ou environ; ie salue 
le Légat qui me receut assez bien; les Juifs y ont 
exercise de leur religion. 

Salon Party le Dimenche pour venir a Salon de craux ou l'on 

conte 8 lieues, mais il faut passer la Durance a 2 lieues 
d'Avignon, riviere fâcheuse et fort suiecte a se déborder, 
et la est la fin du contât et du bon pais, excepté que 
les oliviers accom[m]odent fort toute la Provence. 
Le lundy 28 disné aux Epenes a 5 lieues de la; restent 

Marseille 3 lieues iusques a Marseille, ou ie couchay. Passé tout 

ce iour par un très rude chemin plein de montaignes. 
Ce iour mesme i'allay baiser les mains a Mon r Le Duc 
de Guise qui me receut très bien, et pendant que ie fus 
en la ville me feit tout l'honneur que i'eusse peu désirer. 
Cest ville est fort merchande et le port des plus beaux, 
tousiours en un estât pour ce que la mer mediteranee 
n'a ny flux ny reflux, capable d'une infinité de vaisseaux, 
mesme des plus grands. Le Roy y tient ses Galères; il est 



110 



Aix 



Cavaillon 



Oranges 



Pont St 
Esprit 



Valence 



Conte 



Lyon 



fortifié près de l'emboucheure du chasteau d'if et autres 
fortresses tout auprès au milieu de la mer, et du 
chasteau de Notre Dame de la Garde sur le haut d'un 
montaigne qui commande droit dans le port. J'en partis 
le vendredy 2 Octobre pour venir a Aix a 5 lieues, et 
encor que ce soit la ville du parlement de Provence si 
n'y a til pas grand chose outre le Palais et de pauvres 
bains peu hantez. Party le Samedy, disné a Lombers 
qui est de la maison de Lorraine ou il y a 4 lieues, 
couché a Cavaillon, ville du Contât, ou il y a 5 lieues; a 
my chemin a La Malemort passez la Durance. Le 
dimenche 4 Octob. disné au pont de Sorgues a 4 lieues, 
passé le pont pour venir coucher a Oranges a 3 lieues, 
petite principauté qui est a l'aisné de la maison de 
Nassau. Vous voies les ruines d'un theatre, une partie 
d'un arc triomphal qu'on tient avoir este dresse par 
l'armée Romaine en l'hon[n]eur de C. Marius après la 
défaite des Cimbres. Le chasteau est sur le haut et 
bien fort dont la garnison est Catholique et ceux de la 
ville presque tous de la religion. Le lundy 5 disné a 
Pierelatte, commencement du Dauphiné a 5 lieues ou il 
y a un assez fort chasteau sur un haut. En venant vous 
laissez a la gauche au de la du Rosne Le pont St Esprit. 
De la passant a Castelnau du Rosné il y a 3 lieues a 
Montlimart, ville tenue par ceux de la religion. Le 
mardy disné a Loriau ou il y a 3 lieues et demye, ville 
de l'Eveshé de Valence et toutefois le peuple y est 
presque tout de la religion. De la il y a 3 lieues et demye 
a Valence, Evesché et Université. M r du Passage y 
commande, et y a un assez bon[n]e citadelle. Le 
mercredy 7 Oct. disné a St Valier a 5 lieues; deux lieues 
au dessus, de la le Rosne, est la ville de Tournon; la en 
environs on monstre une maison de Pilate, mais il n'y a 
gueres d'apparence d'antiquité. Apres disner fait 4 
lieues pour venir coucher au Péage. Le Jeudy 8 fait 3 
lieues pour disner a Viene, Archevesché le plus ancien 
a ce qu'on dit de toutes les Gaules. Le fils aisné au Roy 
s'appelle Daufin de Vienois pour ce qu'elle estoit 
anciennement chef de la province lors de l'adonation 
qui en fut faite a un des Rois de France e[sic] a present 
Grenoble est le siege du Parlement de Dauphiné. Il y a 
un beau pont sur le Rosne. La petite riviere de Gire 
y apporte bien de la commodité; elle fait moudre 
plusieurs sortes de moulins et la façon de faire des 
espees est iolie. Ceste eau levé les soufflets des forges, 
un gros martinet au marteau pour les forges sur 
l'enclume tourné des meules pour les esmoudre et 
autres telles inventions. De Vienne il y a 5 lieues a 
Lion partie entre des montagnes, mais le pais est fort 
bon et charge de toutes sortes de commodités. Pour 



Ill 



Mont de 
Sardon 



Montagne de 
grand Credo 

Geneve 



entrer en ceste grande ville vous passez le Rosne sur 
un beau pont ou l'on visite les hardes des ceux qui y 
entrent pour scavoir s'ils ne portent point de marchand- 
ises qui doivent tribut. Ceste ville est divisée en 
plusieurs parties et isles pour ce que la riviere de 
Saône (que les anciens appelloient Arar) passe par une 
autre partie de la ville et tombe plus bas dans celle 
du Rosne; sur celle cy il y a un autre beau pont pour 
ioindre une autre grande partye de la ville ou est la 
grande Eglise de St Jean. Ceste ville a un grande 
circuit en partie sur la montagne. Le traficq y est grand 
mais sur tout il s'y remet par change de grandes sommes 
d'argent. Mon r D'Allincourt y commande pour le Roy. 
Party de Lion le mercredy 14 Oct: presque au sortir 
vous entres en la Bresse et autres bailliages presque 
iusques aux portes de Geneve que le Roy a eus du Duc 
de Savoy e en eschange du Marquisat de Saluées. 
Couché a Cormond a 7 lieues; tout contre vous passez 
la petite riviere du Dain et la aux environs M r Le Duc 
de Nemours y a des très belles terres. Le Jeudy passé 
a Amberné, a Sardon ou il faut monter une bien haute 
montagne, et autres bons bourgs pour disner a Nantua 
a 5, entre de hautes montagnes et rochers, et y a un 
assez beau Lac. Apres disner fait 2 lieues pour coucher 
a St Germain. Le lendemain diné a Colonge ou il y a 3 
lieues; il faut passer au paravant de fort aspres mon- 
tagnes nom[m]ees le petit et grand Credo, et le fort de 
l'Ecluse. De Colonge il y a 4 lieues a Geneve, tousiours 
le Rosne a la droicte qui passe par le milieu de la ville. 
Arrivé la le vendredy au soir 16 Oct. messieurs de la 
ville m'envoyèrent visiter ce mesme iour. Ceste petite 
repub. n'a soubs soy que quelques petits villages fort 
pauvres. On s'y gouverne a plus près ainsi; il y a 4 
Scindics et un conseil de 20 autres qui ont toute 
autorité soit en paix, soit en guerre. Pour rendre la 
iustice en premiere instance il y a un lieutenant duquel 
y a appel devant le iuge des appeaux, puis si le fait est 
d'importance de ce iuge on appelle devant les Scindics, 
et les magistrats s'élisent tous les ans. La ville est forte, 
couverte de 7 bastions et du Lac Léman au travers 
duquel passe le Rosne sans perdre son cours. Le Roy 
y entretient 9 compagnies de gens de pied; l'ordre 
qu'ils tienent pour leur conservation est assez beau, 
aussy y doivent ils bien adviser; tesmoing l'escalade 
qui leur fut presentee en pleine paix il y a tantôt 7 ans. 
Ayant esté fort humainement traité par ces bon[n]es 
gens i'en party le lundy 19. Je desirois fort de pour- 
suivre mon chemin par la Suisse et une partie de 
l'Alemagne n'eut esté les froideures et le mauvais temps. 
Couché donc ce soir a St Germain, le mesme chemin que 



112 



Bourg 



Chaolons 



Beaune 



Dijon 



Mussy 
l'Evesque 



Troye 



i'avois tenu en allant et y a 7 lieues. Le mardy disné a 
Sardon 5 lieues. Apres disner ie tiray droict a Bourg en 
Bresse ou il y a 4 grandes lieues. IVP de Boisse com- 
mande dans la ville ou il a 3 compaignies et en la 
Citadelle, ou il tient 3 compaignies de Francois et une 
de Suisses. Ceste fortresse est des plus belles, bien munie 
de canons et autres munitions, non du tout en sa 
perfection mais bien en defence. Pour ce qu'il faut du 
temps a voir une si belle place, i'en party le mercredy a 
midy pour venir coucher a St Julien a 4 lieues, pais 
fort bien, peuplé des bons villages, petites villettes et 
maisons de noblesse. Le Jeudy continue mon chemin 
par St Trivier, petite villette de Bresse; a une lieue la 
environ est la separation de Bresse et de Bourgogne. 
Disne a Cugery a 2 lieues, ou le mauvais temps me 
retint tout le iour. Le vendredy disne a Chaolons sur 
Saône, ville Episcopale a 5 lieues. Le Duc du Mayne y 
avoit basty une forte Citadelle durant ces troubles au 
mescontentement de ceux du pais. Ce iour couché a 
Beaune, belle petite ville a 5 lieues. Vous voyés la un 
bel hospital et bien meublé. C'est le pais des bons vins 
de Bourgogne. Le Samedy disné a Nuits a 3 lieues et 
couche a Dijon ou il y en a 4. C'est la ville capitale de 
la province, siege du Parlement, assez belle, grande et 
bien peuplée, mais il n'y passe point de riviere march- 
ande. Party de la le Lundy 26 pour disner a St Seine 
a 5 lieues. Il faut passer un dangereux vallon, retraite 
des voleurs, le val de Suson. Près St Seine est la source 
de Seine. Apres disner passé a Chanseaux 2 lieues, 
Baigneux 2 lieues, couché a St Marc a 3 lieues. Le 
Mardy 27 passé a Chastillion sur Seine, belle grande 
villasse a 4 lieues. Disné a Mussy l'Evesque ou il y a 3 
lieues. A une lieue et demye de Chastillon est le 
commencement de Champagne. La Bourgogne entre 
autres provinces est pleine de bons bourgs fermez, 
villettes, villages et belles maisons. Ce iour couché a 
Bar sur Seine a 4 lieues de Mussy. Le Mercredy 28 
disné a Troye ou il y a 7 lieues. C'est la principale ville 
de Champagne. M r de Nevers est gouverneur de ceste 
province, M r de Pralin lieutenant du Roy et gouver- 
neur de Troye. Ceste ville est fort belle marchande et 
bien peuplée, aussy est ce un Evesché. Couché ce 
mesme iour aux 3 maisons a 7 lieues. Vous ne trouvez 
en y venant qu'un seul village nom[m]e Le Pavillon a my 
chemin. Le Jeudy passé a Nogen sur Seine a 5 lieues; 
la e[n]viron est le commencement de Brye. Disné a 
Provins a 4 lieues, grande villasse et presidial de Brye. 
Couché a la Bretauche, près de Nangy, petite ville et 
beau chasteau il y a 4 lieues. Le vendredy 30 d'Octobre 
disné a Brye contre Robert a 8 lieues pour venir après 



113 

a Paris a 6 lieues, passant la riviere de Marne a Charen- 
ton. Cest la fin de mon voyage dont i'eusse peu 
escrire plus de parti cularitez, si non que ie n'ay fait 
ce petit recueil que pour aider ma mémoire. Nombre 
des lieues 416. 
In Viscount Cranborné 's hand 36 J pp. (317 1) 
[For the continuation of this journal see 1610, September 3/13] 

The Duke of Lennox to the Earl of Salisbury 
[1609, July] — My meaning in writing to you so long a discourse Avas 
only to give you occasion to satisfy the importunity of those College men 
if they came to you again; as also for Sir John Wentworth's satisfaction, 
who was desirous to carry that letter. So although my conceptions be not 
very pregnant, yet I have knowledge of your worth and assurance of 
your love to myself that in such a matter you only wrote rogatus rogo. 
The petition I sent you, I sent to eschew the presenting of it to his 
Majesty specially without your knowledge, for in all such matters, as in 
all, I will not move him before you know of it. I will give the gentle- 
woman such an answer as shall serve. I leave all matters that concern 
one of your best friends till we come to the town of Salisbury. I then 
hope we shall be all together and merry. Undated. 
Holograph Endorsed: 'July, 1609.' I p. (127 119) 

Saint Sauveur to the Earl of Salisbury 
[1609, July] — Begs his favour with the King in furtherance of his suit 
concerning the 'Manoir de St Germain'. The reasons for his suit are 
founded upon the petition which the States of the Island (Estats de VIsle) 
have made to the King, showing that since the dissolution of the abbeys 
there have fallen into his fisc many lands and lordships, both ecclesias- 
tical and other, which the Governors have found means to add to their 
patents, to the great weakening of the Island and prejudice to its defence; 
and begging the King to give or sell the said lands to tenants who would 
be obliged to reside in the Island, to help in its government and the 
administration of justice, and its defence in wartime, as was formerly 
the custom. Undated 

Holograph French Addressed: 'A Monseigneur le Thresorier.' 
Endorsed: 'July, 1609.' \p. (195 110) 

Henry Walsh to the Earl of Salisbury 
[1609, before August] — Two petitions for allowance for bringing 
letters from Sir Thomas Edmondes, Ambassador at Brussels. Undated, 
h p. and h p. (P.530andP.611). 

Sir Thomas Lake to the Earl of Salisbury 
1609, August 1. — I enclose a letter which by error was brought here 
instead of going straight to you. Therewith I would have sent you the 
letter out of France but that the Prince has not done with it. His Majesty 
perused it yesternight and not before, having been busy at his sports. To 
the contents he said nothing of direction, but only about the point of the 



114 

debts, that he knew no cause but the Ambassador might prosecute his 
motion as in his own name, though not as directed by his Majesty; 
which was that he might bring the answer to his own memorial, and not 
leave it to his successor, and so try what he could obtain. 

His H[ighness] seemed to be distasted with the King about his answer 
to the book, wherein he says that the Pope and his Majesty were both 
his friends, but was well pleased with Villeroy's speech. 

I have given order for making a bill for Sandy Mongrief and Mr Flynt. 
Court at Beaulieu, 1 August, 1609. 
Holograph I p. (127 120) 

Sir Thomas Lake to the Earl of Salisbury 
1609, August 1. — His Majesty has been moved by Mr Doubleday in 
this petition. If there be any forfeiture to accrue to him by it, he is well 
pleased that Mr Doubleday have it. If the case, upon examination by 
the King's Counsel, be such as you conceive may be pardoned, his 
Majesty can be pleased to grant such a pardon as shall be meet at Mr 
Doubleday 's suit, and for his benefit. Court at Beaulieu, 1 August, 1609. 
Holograph I p. (127 121) 

The German Empire 
1609, August 1. — L'acte d'appel de Messeigneurs les très illustres 
princes, L'Electeur de Brandenbourg, Duc en Prussie, etc, et du Comte 
Palatin du Rhin. Duc de Bavière et Neubourg, etc. 1 August, 1609. 
Contemporary copy 47 pp. Relates to the right of succession to the 
German Empire (244 3) 

Sir Thomas Edmondes to the Lord Treasurer 
1609, August 2. — They have here taken so great an apprehension of 
the French K. entering into the quarrel of Cleeves as upon Sunday last 
the President Richardot was dispatched towards the French K., to 
endeavour to satisfy him that neither the King of Spain nor these 
Princes intend to intermeddle in the cause. The President came to take 
his leave of Edmondes the day before his departure, and debated the 
reasons in their own and the Emperor's justification. The Archd. 
Leopold was come only with his own person and not brought above 4 or 
5 in his company. Edmondes told him that he had heard that it was 
denied that any of those estates could be rightly claimed to be a fee male 
and, albeit some of them had been formerly of that tenure, yet now they 
were exempted therefrom, for when the Emperor Charles married his 
niece to the father of the deceased Duke of Cleeves and Julliers, he made 
a donation that in case of the want of issue male from them or their 
descendants all their estate should fall upon the female. As therefore 
the Emperor could not justly pretend an} 7 right, it was apparent his 
name and authority were but interposed to serve others' turn. By the 
private sending of the Archd. Leopold they had beforehand gained the 
governor of Juliers and others of that country to be at their devotion, 
who receiving the Duke in by the back door gave him means to effect 
more than he could have done by public force. 

The President alleged that it was requisite the pretences of the one and 



115 

the other should receive a judicial decision. By this smooth glossing, 
their design is to amuse them in France that they may gain time for 
assuming possession of what they hold, and for intimidating the other 
parties which have not as yet acknowledged the other German princes. 
If they shall find that France will not give way to those drifts, they will 
resort to new resolutions for accommodating that controversy, for what- 
soever show be made they have neither the will nor the means to renew 
the war. 

The French Ambassador has been advertised by his secretary lately 
returned out of France that the said K. has ordered his Ambassador in 
Switzerland to require leave for making a levy of 10,000 of that nation, 
but this Ambassador is specially directed not to acknowledge to them 
here any such thing but that the news may come to them by some other 
means; and Mons r de Chastillon, who was to have passed this way to 
return to his charge in Holland, is now stayed as if that K. were grown 
cold in his affection to that business. It seems that King has changed his 
former manner of proceeding. Because he found that the demonstrations 
he made of assisting the other party were held for no other than ostenta- 
tions, he thinks now it will work a great astonishment in them here when 
they shall understand of the making of that great foreign levy and the 
show of silence, as it is not to be doubted it will thoroughly do. 

Though there has been as yet no full assembly of the States at the 
Haghe, they are here advertised that there is a disposition to accept the 
ratification in the terms sent. 

Owen and his confederates have much raised their crests since they 
understood of the Archd. refusing of the K.'s book. 

Letters from Rome say the Pope was very much moved at the K.'s 
book, and made his complaint against it to all princes, and that it is the 
common opinion he will seek to take revenge thereof. 2 August, 1609. 
Copy 21 pp. (227 p. 330) 
[Original in P.R.O. State Papers Foreign, Flanders 9. | 

Sir Thomas Lake to the Earl of Salisbury 
1609, August 4. — His Majesty and the Prince returned on Wednesday 
night out of the Isle hither safe and well pleased, having visited a good 
part of the country, hunted in the park, and been entertained by the 
trained soldiers of the Isle, with their great contentment. Yesterday his 
Majesty was abroad all the daj% and at night read your letters, with 
Verreyhen's speech, which now I have returned to you, and the letters 
that came from France, together with such bills as I received to be 
signed. The Prince means to be merry with you about his tumbler. 

On Monda j' he means to go to Hurst Castle from hence by land, and to 
see the Needles, and from thence to take boat and so to Portsmouth, and 
from thence to Tichfield to bed, and hither again the next day. Court at 
Beaulieu, 4 August, 1609. 
Holograph I p. (127 122) 

Sir Hugh Bethell to the Earl of Salisbury 
1609, August 4. — Acknowledges his letter of July 15th, commanding 
him to make stay of ail his Majesty's woods in Wheldrake. co. Yorks, 



116 

then unfelled and sold by commission. This he presently did. In Whel- 
drake Park are 28 unfelled trees, and in Darrell Hagg wood in Wheldrake 
59, all which were bought by the Earl of Cumberland for certain water- 
works he has to make, as he affirms; and 9 trees bought by his Majesty's 
tenants of Wheldrake. These are all the woods there unfelled, sold by 
the late commission. Ellerton, 4 August, 1609. 
Signed I p. (127 123) 

Sir Thomas Lake to the Earl of Salisbury 

[1609] August 5. — I have returned to you the declaration in French 
concerning the matter of Cleves, which his Majesty signed this afternoon. 
At the perusing thereof he gave good liking to the matter, but said it was 
as little as he could do. But to that part of your letter which men- 
tions the heat of the contentions between the Protestants in Germany, 
he marvelled, saying he had advertisement of the contrary from Mr Aton 
who carried his books, and that namely the gentleman having been by 
the Count Palatine requested to speak with the Duke of Wirtemberg 
about a reconciliation amongst them, had found the Duke very forward 
and ready, and that those two princes were trusted for both sides of the 
Lutherans and Calvinists; and great hope was conceived that things 
should fall to good terms between them. 

His Majesty willed me to say that now that the French priest was 
taken again after his escape, and the Ambassador so forward to have him 
proceeded with, he would not doubt of your care to have him thoroughly 
examined, and all gotten out of him that might be. 

Let this letter to the Lord Admiral be sealed and sent to him. It is 
much hastened here. 

The Prince holds his purpose to go on Monday to Portsmouth, and my 
Lord of Southampton is today gone before to his house to make pro- 
vision for his lodging. 1 am come hither to Winchester, thinking to have 
gone to Basing to you, and so to have attended you to Salisbury , hoping 
there will be now little to do at Beaulieu. But because I gather by your 
letter that you are not there yet, I purpose to attend here till I hear you 
are at Basing, except any letters I receive from you cause me to return. 
Wynchester, 5 August at night. 
Holograph Endorsed: '1609.' 2pp. (127 124) 

Sir Julius Caesar to the Earl of Salisbury 
1609, August 8. — The two letters sent herewith were now delivered to 
me by Mr Quarles, postmaster, who told me they required haste and 
would have had a consideration usual for the portage, but 1 not being 
therewith acquainted, he was contented to rest it till your return. 

Sir Henry Seckford prays for some convenient place in Ely House for 
the 'tentes and toyles', if it may be had without offence of the future 
Bishop, for else some place must be provided to the King's greater 
charge. 

You may see by a paper sent herewith that the works for July amount 
to 3,000! within less than 40 s . God lie merciful unto us. Strond, 8 
August, 1609. 
Holograph I p. (127 125) 



117 

Sir Thomas Edmondes to Lord Treasurer Salisbury 

1609, August 9. — They are here still amused with an opinion, because 
the French King does not yet make show of undertaking the business of 
Cleves, that the heat of those first motions is spent; and therefore they 
are in hand to frame the order for the intended reformations, which they 
say shall be to take away all sobresvelds (whereby they mean double 
pays) and likewise to abate the third part of all private entertainments. 
Howbeit they forbear as yet to publish this order in attending (as it was 
thought) to hear first some news from the President Richardot; the 
which when they shall understand they will find themselves much 
deceived in their reckonings. For the French Ambassador here tells me 
that he has been newly advertised that the said King has been so little 
satisfied with anything that has been represented unto him b}' the gentle- 
man employed towards him from the Archd[uke] Leopold, whose 
arguments he termed to be gross and Germanlike, as he professes that 
he will persist in his former resolution. It is said that the Archduke 
Leopold has of late furnished himself of great quantity of munition in the 
castle of Juliers, and that there is an assembly procured by the Pope of 
divers of the Catholic Princes of Germany to advise for the favouring of 
the Emperor's pretended right, or rather to hinder the establishment of 
the other heretical Princes as they call them ; the greatest part of the 
which assembly is compounded of Ecclesiastics, and the Jesuits have 
drawn forth the old cloistered Duke of Bavieres to be of the number. 

The Irish Colonel is now departed from Spain, upon the success of 
whose negotiations there the Irish attend great matters. What care the 
Pope takes to hinder the reading of his Majesty's book, which he fears 
may give an irreparable blow to his authority, will appear unto your 
Lordship by the enclosed prohibition against the reading of the same 
upon pain of excommunication, though to make a show of less fear he 
has raked up the titles of some few books to join in that condemnation. 

I send you herewith an extract of the last advertisements out of 
Germany. 

I presented on Sunday last my letters of revocation unto the Arch- 
duke, whereupon I was used by him with great ceremony and demon- 
stration of kindness. From Brussels. 9th of August, 1609. 
Copy l\pp. (227 p. 333) 

Sir John Davys to Lord [Salisbury] 
1609, August 10. — In the county of Ardmagh, they have performed 
the following services: (1) the survey of all the lands in general; (2) the 
distinguishing of the church lands in particular; and (3) the gaol de- 
livery, with the ordering of civil causes. Describes their method of 
making the survey. Their five surveyors took note of the name, 
situation and quantity of every 'ballibo' or town land, mountain, river, 
wood, bog, ford, church, castle and every other notable landmark, and 
the bounds of every parish, and are prepared to make an entire map of 
the county. By this map the commissioners will easily divide the crown 
lands into the great precincts of 8000, 10000 and 12000 acres, and make 
subdivisions of 1000, 1500 and 2000 acres; cutting out so many town- 
lands lying together as will make up every several precinct or pro- 



118 

portion. They will do the like for the parishes and for the lands to be 
allotted to the parsons, the College, the towns, the hospital, or to free 
schools. [Details their method of distinguishing the church lands]. The 
Primate of Ardmagh claimed 220 towns as being lay fee and not 
'termon' lands, each containing 200 English acres; which land he 
claimed to have in demesne and possession, that is he claimed to have 
the land itself, and not rents and services issuing thereout, alleging that 
the tenants were all removable at his pleasure. Nevertheless the jury's 
verdict was that his 'mensall' or demesne lands did not exceed 30 town 
lands, which amount to 600 English acres, and that the rest of the 
towns claimed by him were possessed time out of mind by certain Irish 
septs, yielding to the Primate rents and services only. The jury also 
found other demesnes and rents to belong to the Dean, dignitaries, 
prebends and vicars choral of that church. Nevertheless the Primate 
hopes all the lands claimed by him shall be given as dowry to his see, 
because there is an article in their instructions that all lands out of 
which the bishops had any rent should be reputed ecclesiastical lands, 
and be allotted to the cathedral churches. The writer, when he attended 
their Lordships in England, conceived that the Bishop of Derry only 
contended to have the 'termon' lands out of which the bishops had 
pensions and refections to be entirely given to their bishoprics, and that 
it was never intended to give them the lay fee or temporal inheritance 
out of which they had quit rents or services. He asks that that article 
of their instructions should be expounded to them, for if the Primate 
shall have all these 220 towns in possession, wherein he will neither build 
castle nor plant village, nor settle an English tenant, the plantation of 
this country which lies next the Pale will be utterly defeated. 

Touching the gaol delivery, they found but few malefactors, for the 
nature of this people has ever been observed to be more fearful of the 
laws in time of peace than his Majesty's other civil subjects are; but if 
there be any revolt or rebellion they break all laws, human and divine, 
in a more outrageous manner than any other nation whatsoever. 

They have now entered Tyrone, and will give an account thereof. The 
camp near the Blackwater, 10 August. 1609. 
Holograph 4 pp. (127 126) 



The Bishop of Durham to the Earl of Salisbury 
1609, August 11. — Yours of July 28th gives me satisfaction. Your 
doings have been honourable and chargeable. I have desired to retain 
the opinion of an honest man, and not to be a robber or spoiler of places 
wherewith I have been put in trust. We both are clear from any such 
sinister practice as has heretofore in this and the like case by others been 
used. Part of your satisfaction to the world must be your noble dealing 
with the poor Bishop of Durham, in freeing him from so many incon- 
veniences, and in preparing, even beyond your own covenant, so 
convenient a stable for him. Accept my prayer and service, who for five 
weeks have been sick and lame but now on foot again. Bishop's 
Awkland, 11 August, 1609. 
Holograph I p. (127 129) 



119 

The Same to the Same 
1609, August 11. — The bearer, Mr Thomas Moray, attendant on the 
Duke of York, has seen Raby, Brancpith and Barnard Castles, all which 
he cannot but find very far out of order; and he has heard of the spoil 
committed in Gainforcl Wood. The Bishop has acquainted Moray with 
Salisbury's care to stay the felling of trees, and to preserve the best of 
the fallen timber for the repair of Raby Castle and other places; with 
the order for the present repair of that castle; and with Salisbury's 
care to stay the havoc intended by Mr Johnson; with all which the 
Bishop is sure Moray will acquaint the King. The trees intended for the 
pale, rail, etc, may be reserved or employed to other uses, for Mr Moray 
hears it is far better to make the walls of stone. Bishop's Awkland, 11 
August, 1609. 
Holograph I p. (132 112) 

The Same to the Earl of Salisbury and Sir Julius Caesar 
1609, August 11. — Acknowledges their letters, directed to Sir George 
Frevile, Sir Charles Wrenn, Mr Chaitor, Mr Haggatt and himself, for 
the repair of Raby Castle, and of the pales, rails and lodges belonging 
to Raby parks. Reports their proceedings in the matter. Bishop's 
Awkland, 11 August, 1609. 
Holograph 2 pp. (132 113) 

Sir Julius Caesar to Lord [Salisbury] 
1609, August 15. — By the two letters enclosed Salisbury will see that 
their wood travails are not yet past; for my Lord of Cumberland presses 
that which is just between man and man; and yet how tender a thing 
it is to cut any more of that wood, the felling of which was stayed on 
Lord Knevet's motion, Salisbury knows better than the writer, being 
nearer to the King, whose pleasure must direct them in these difficulties. 
He will consent to what Salisbury thinks fit; so that neither the King 
may be offended nor my Lord of Cumberland justly grieved. Ack- 
nowledges Salisbury's letter of the 12th from Andover. Strond, 15 
August, 1609. 
Holograph I p. (132 114) 

Two Enclosures 

( 1 ) Earl of Cumberland to Mr Chancellor (Sir Julius Caesar) . 

Needing timber for the waterworks he meant to make for the defence 
of the sea upon Humber bank, he purchased some of Johnson the 
surveyor. He removed part, but part was still standing in Wheldrak 
Park and Darrell Hagg, when the Lord Treasurer's restraint arrived, 
forbidding the cutting of trees there. He begs, for reasons he details, to 
have leave to fell the trees, or the like number from Dighton Spring. 
Londesb rough, 4 August, 1609. 
Holograph I p. (132 110) 

(2) Sir Hugh Bethell to [Sir Julius Caesar] 

According to Caesar's and the Lord Treasurer's letters of July 15, he 
made stay of unfelled wood in Wheldrake, co. Yorks: including trees 



120 

bought by the Earl of Cumberland in Wheldrake Park and Darrell 
Hagg for his waterworks, and other parcels. Ellerton, 4 August, 1609. 
Holograph I p. (132 111) 

Levynus Munck to the Earl of Salisbury 
1609, August 17. — Sir Raphe Win wood departed yesterday towards 

Gravesend. This enclosed I received from Henry Lock from Cullen. I 

have taken order that upon his arrival at Prague he may receive 100 

crowns more. 17 August, 1609. 

PS. — The French Agent has entreated me to send this enclosed letter 

to Sir George Kier. 

Holograph \p. (127 131) 

Sir John Carill 
[1609, before August 18] — 'The requests of Sir John Carill.' He is 
tenant of Cheseworth House, and of the disparked parks of Cheseworth, 
Sedgwick, Colstable Farm and Buckley Wood, Sussex. He prays for the 
grant of the trees thereon, also that the House, now in decay, may be 
plucked down, and that he may have the materials at certain rates; for 
which he will make present payment of 600 1 , and of the residue at 
Midsummer. Undated. 
I p. (P.2339) 
[See Cal.S.P.Dom., 1603-1610, p. 537] 

Thomas Wood to Mr Norton 
1609, August 19. — He has received, on his way homewards, another 
letter from my Lord of Cumberland, instructing him to procure a 
warrant for the 67 trees out of Deighton Springs in place of those he 
should have had in Weldracke Woods. Begs Norton to be earnest to 
procure them, for they are to be employed for the mending of Humber 
banks, to keep the water out of my Lord's grounds this winter. Bazinge, 
19 August, 1609. 
Holograph \p. (132 115) 

Sugar 
1609, August 21. — Warrant addressed to the Earl of Salisbury, with 
respect to the imposition on sugar. Salisbury, 21 August, 7 Jac. 
Contemporary copy lm. (220 3) 

Nicholas Saunderson to the Earl of Salisbury 
1609, August 22. — Salisbury granted him the wardship of his grand- 
child, the son of Edward Copuldike, his son-in-law, when it should 
happen. Copuldike died last week in Suffolk, leaving his wife in childbed, 
and with three small children without maintenance, he having con- 
sumed his estate in suits about the title of his land. Begs Salisbury to 
confirm the wardship to him, and offers him such further consideration 
for the same as the favour deserves. Fillingham, 22 August, 1609. 
Holograph I p. (127 132) 



121 

Sir John Davys to the Earl of Salisbury 
1609, August 24. — Refers to his previous letter of August 10 (see 
above). We have now done the like in the county of Tirone, though with 
more difficulty, because the names and quantities of divers 'balliboes' or 
town lands had been altered by the late Earl, and so made uncertain. 
The county is also now drawn into maps and cards, in a similar manner 
to Ardmagh. By this survey the King will know what land he has here, 
and how to distribute it to undertakers, and it will disable the natives 
henceforth from rebelling. This country, in which there were never any 
cities or towns to draw commerce, and in which the Crown never 
appointed magistrates or visitations of justice till within these five years 
past, was heretofore as unknown to the English here as the most inland 
part of Virginia is yet unknown to our English Colony there, so that our 
ignorance of their places of retreat and fastnesses made them confident 
in their rebellions; whereas we now know all the passages, have pene- 
trated every thicket and fast place, and have taken notice of every 
notorious tree or bush; all which, being found by inquisitions of record 
and drawn into maps, are laid open to all posterity. 

The distinction of the Church lands from the Crown lands is made 
known by a jury of 24, chosen with the approbation of the Lord Primate; 
for the Bishop of Derry has not yet arrived, whereat we marvel not a 
little. The Primate gave what evidence he would, and the rest of the 
clergy were permitted to produce what they could for their several 
churches; and whereas it was alleged that some priests, ordained by 
Popish bishops, durst not come in place, my Lord Deputy gave a safe 
conduct to all the Popish priests in the country to come and inform the 
jury. With this extraordinary indulgence have we proceeded, to avoid 
all colour of complaint, but I doubt my Lord of Derry will protest 
against this proceeding too, and therefore I could willingly come over 
with the return of this business before Christmas. The jury's verdict 
agrees in the main point with the verdict given last year, viz, they have 
found the 'termon' land to be the inheritance of the tenants thereof, 
and that the bishops had only rents and 'cosheries' out of the same, and 
might not lawfully remove them; so that if his Majesty give them all this 
land, it is a clear gift of the Crown. 

Our session of justice here ministers no matter of advertisement. This 
country is exceeding peaceable and quiet now. They all stand upon 
their good behaviour now, for all expect some portion of land. The 
camp beyond Dungannon in Tirone, 24 August, 1609. 
Holograph Endorsed: 'The King's Attorney in Ireland.' 2 pp. 
(127 133) 

Sir Richard Wingfield to the Earl of Salisbury 
1609, August 24. — It has pleased God this morning to take unto His 
mercy my brother Sir Robert Wingfield. By his death the stewardship 
of the manor of Spalding and surveyorship of Northampton are void, 
both in your disposition. Since by the minority of my nephew he is un- 
capable of them, I beseech you for the surveyorship, a place of credit 
more than of profit. I would have attended you, but my brother dying 
with a will declared but not fully perfected (he dying 300 1 in my debt, 

CM— K 



122 

being the moiety of my estate), it stands me upon to labour about it; and 
I hope to find you my honourable Lord herein, you being one of the 
supervisors and my Lord of Exeter the other. 24 August, 1609. 
Holograph I p. (127 134) 

Robert Wingfield to the Earl of Salisbury 
1609, August 24. — Of the death this day of his father, who has in part 
bequeathed him to Salisbury's love and oversight. As Salisbury's poor 
kinsman he begs for the benefit of his own wardship and the lease of his 
lands, his father having laid on him the great charge of an executorship. 
24 August, 1609. 
Holograph I p. (127 135) 

Sir Lewis Lewkenor to the Earl of Salisbury 
1609, August 24. — He is constrained to recommend the enclosed to 
Salisbury, in regard of the great difficulty made by the postmaster to 
receive and send his letters, containing only ordinary matter such as he 
held it fit to acquaint my Lord Chamberlain withal. 

The Spanish Ambassador received Salisbury's Irish goshawk and 
tercell with very great thankfulness, and keeps them both very daintily 
and well fed, not reclaiming them at all because he is very desirous to 
carry them into Spain safe and strong. Aldersgate Street, London, 24 
August, 1609. 

Holograph I p. (127 136) 

Postal endorsements: Hast, hast, posthast, hast, posthast, hast, hast. 
From London haste 7 in the after nowne. Receved at Stanes the 25 
paste thre in the morning. Att Harfordbreg at 9 in the morning.' 

Sir John Croke to the Earl of Salisbury 
1609, August 26.— Informs Salisbury of the death of his brother-in- 
law, Sir Robert Wingfield, to the great sorrow of his desolate widow, 
Croke's sister, and the orphan children. Begs him to bestow the ward- 
ship of the eldest son upon the widow. Hackney, 26 August, 1609. 
Holograph I p. (127 137) 

Nicholas Trott to the Lord Treasurer 
1609, August 27. — By my servant, John Turnor, employed by me 
about the ruins of the castle of Hertford, I heard rumours of treasure 
there hidden, which, for the usual vanity of such reports, I neglected; 
yet the concurrence of divers probabilities with the pointing out of likely 
places, and naming the quantity to be above 40,000* value, make me not 
dare to contemn the whole matter, or refer it to the ordinary inquiry of 
the coroner. But as my servant tells me there has been unlawful practice 
to come to the treasure, and as I have been offered great part thereof, I 
thought it my duty to require your direction whether you think it worthy 
further inquiry, either by open digging the vaults named, or by examin- 
ing the persons. If you vouchsafe to examine the matter, or refer it to 
any other, I shall attend and send my servant, neither of which I durst 
now do, for such notice might haply be taken thereof as might hinder 
the full discovery, if any such thing be. 27 August, 1609. 
Holograph 2 pp. (127 138) 



123 

The Mayor and Aldermen of Bristol to the Earl 
of Salisbury 
1609, August 28. — On the complaint of the shoemakers and others 
there of great scarcity of leather, through excessive transportation of 
skins, Salisbury by his letter of June 19th restrained the Customs officers 
from entering calf-skins to be shipped. On examination they find that 
the price of all sorts of leather there has fallen more than 25 in the 100; 
and they, with the officers, will take care that there shall be no just 
cause of complaint of want of store. Therefore, because the chiefest 
trade of Bristol outwards consists of lead and calf-skins, they beg 
Salisbury to let the officers take entries for the latter to be transported 
as heretofore. Bristol, 28 August, 1609. 

Signed: John Butcher, Mayor, Wyllyame Hickes, Alderman, Franncis 
Knight, Alderman, Willm Ellys, Alderman, Jno Hopkenes, Alderman, 
Wm Vawer, Alderman, Raphe Hurt, Alderman, Joh. Whitsone, 
Alderman, Mathew Haviland, Alderman. 1 p. (127 139) 



Thomas Wilson to Roger Townshend 
1609, August 29. — The enclosed entreats you to pay for Mr Leech to 
my brother 10 1 . Deliver it to the bearer, for my brother is at my house 
in Harford, preparing to return for Ireland. 1 will deliver the bill at our 
next meeting. Know my Lord's [Salisbury's] pleasure whether I shall 
wait upon him or no before my return to Hatfield. Salisbury House, 29 
August, 1609. 

Holograph \p. (195 111) 

At foot: Roger Townshend to Thomas Wilson. My Lord is now busy 
with my Lord Privy Seal, so that I cannot deliver your letter yet, but 
upon your first letter he sent you word to be here in the morning. I have 
written to my wife to pay you so much money. Undated 
Holograph \p. 



The Earl of Salisbury to Viscount Cranborne 
1609, August 31. — Cranborne's servant sent from Nantes was welcome 
for the news of his health, and for the books Cranborne sent by him; 
which have given him better contentment than anything he has received 
from him since he left England. Remarks and advice upon his hand- 
writing, his translations from the Latin, particularly Seneca and Cicero's 
Orations and Epistles; his exercises in French and in logic. He likes 
Cranborne's purpose to go from Geneva into Switzerland, and pass thence 
through some parts of Germany and Lorraine. Advises him not to so 
hasten his course as only to see such a prince or state and no more, for 
then his travail shall be fruitless. If the season fall not out to be too 
sharp, he wishes him not to return to Paris till December; by that means 
he will avoid the conversation of English, to whom (except sometimes to 
his two brothers-in-law) he would have him be a stranger during his stay 
in France. He is to be not sparing of any cost for guides or convoys to 
make his passage safe in his travels. Kensington, 31 August, 1609. 
Signed 3 pp. (228 28) 



124 

Importation of Silkworms and Mulberry Trees 
[1609, August] — Francis de Verton, alias Forest, of London, gent, has 
undertaken to bring into this kingdom not only a great number of silk 
worms but great store of mulberry trees for the maintenance of the 
worms, whereby an exceeding great benefit will redound as well to all 
sorts of labouring people as to others. Warrant authorising him to bring 
in free of custom as many mulberry trees as to him shall seem good for 
five years, all other persons being forbidden to bring in the same. 
Undated 

\\pp. (130 173) 
[See Cal.S.P.Dom.,lQ03-lGlO p. 540] 

Annexed 
'Articles présentez au Roy et a Messeigneurs de son Conseil par 
Francois de Verton, Sieur de la Forest, concernant l'establissment des 
vers a soye en ce Royaume et des Ouvrages et Manufactures qui en seront 
cy après f ai ctes.' 
\\pp. (140 204) 

King James to the Earl of Salisbury 
[1609, August.]— My little beagle, because French Monsieur 1 is to 
take his leave of me upon Tuesday next, I thought good to remember 
you if he have gotten word that old Don Diego got a ring from me beside 
his present. He will think evil if he get not the like. Therefore I leave 
to your discretion to try if it be corned to his knowledge or not, that in 
case it be ye may have a ring hasted to me before his coming, for I doubt 
if he be as honest as the other was. I am sure he is as greedy as the best 
of them. I doubt not but ye have remembered to put the Spanish 
Ambassador to a point anent his complaints upon the States. It were a 
good time now if it were possible to put the Archduke's Ambassador to a 
point anent my people's commerce with his master; and thus hunt ye 
well there, for I am going to hunt here. Undated 

Holograph Endorsed by Salisbury: 'The King's Majesty to me.' Seal on 
red silk (134 133) 

Stay of Gold and Silver 

[1609, August] — Draft proclamation for the stay of treasure within 
the realm. 

States as a reason for the revival of former laws for the stay of gold 
and silver within the realm, that both the price of silver in the trades of 
the East Indies and Turkey is become as a natural drain, to draw the 
same to be exported; and the industries and devices in the ordering of 
the mints of other States is as an artificial engine to attract as well the 
gold as the silver of this realm into foreign parts in respect of the assured 
gain by the recoinage. Undated 
Imperfect 4 pp. (206 82) 
[See Cal.S.P.Dom., 1603-10, p. 535] 

1 De La Boderie, the French Ambassador, left England in August, 1609. [See Cal.S.P.Dom., 
1003-1610, p. 544, and Cal.S.P. Venetian, XI, pp. 317, 324.] 



125 

David Spens to the Earl of Salisbury 
[1609, before Sept.] — For letters to Sir Charles Cornwallis, Ambassador 
in Spain, directing that the money to be received on his account for 
goods taken at sea, be paid to him and not to Thomas Leman. Undated. 
\p. (P.H81) 
Copy of the above (P. 1230) 

Sir Thomas Knyvett to 
[the Earl of Salisbury and Sir Julius Caesar] 
1609, Sept. 1. — They required his opinion upon the Earl of Cumber- 
land's request for timber out of the King's woods of Wheldrake or 
Dyghton, for the repair of waterworks upon Humber banks. The state 
of Wheldrake is such, by undue waste of the surveyor and others, that 
there will not be enough left to serve the tenants there. The King has 
no other use of Dyghton Woods but for his manor house of York, or 
repair of parks; but they have been so wasted that they will not serve 
that purpose. Of his own losses in the matter. He has given orders to 
his agent there not to interrupt the surveyor or any other with warrant 
for the disposing of timber. Stanell, 1 Sept. 1609. 
Holograph lp. (132 116) 

Thomas Honlman to the Earl of Salisbury 
1609, Sept. 1. — The enclosed letter came to me from one that I 
recommended a charge to inquire of Tyron, because it was reported that 
he was come to the Groyn; which otherwise speaking of discords upon the 
French and Spanish borders, because it is somewhat fresh, I thought 
good to send the same, that it might be compared to your other advices 
and designs. London, 1 Sept. 1609. 
Holograph Endorsed: 'Mr Honniman. MrStaper.' I p. (127 140) 

The Earl of Montgomery to Viscount Cranborne 
[?1609] September 1. — 'I beseech youre Lordship that you will pardon 
mee that you have not hard from mee all this while, for I protest the 
reson of it hath been because I was very desiorus that the first time you 
should have hard from mee should have been by my servant Palmer, 
whoo of my faith hath been coming ever since I reseved youre Lordships 
letter : but by reson of sum ocation of busines which hee had of his owne 
which hee desired to dispach before his going but could not dispach it 
beefore you had beegune youre jurny.* But then I thought it was to no 
purpos to send him beefore youre Lordships returne, beecause I knu it 
was a very unsertaine thing for him to know where to find you. But in 
the men time, having so convenient a mesenger as this, I could not but 
wright these few lines to desier you to rest assured that it hath not been 
ought of anny forgettfullnes that you have not hard from mee, nor for 
want of afection, for with ought anny farther compliment I protest to 
God, sett youre father and my owne brother asid, there is no man 
bre thing that I love so well as youre selfe. From Hamptoncourt, this 1 
of September.' 
Holograph Two seals on white silk 1 p. (200 7) 

* Possible reference to Cranbome's journey through Prance which began ou the 8th of August. 



126 

Captain Mewtys to the Earl of Salisbury 
1609, Sept. 3. — He understands by my Lord Ambassador that 
Salisbury is willing to dispose of him, if anything fitting for so poor a 
servant should present itself. Thanks him for his favour, and offers 
services. Hage, 3 Sept. 1609. 
Holograph I p. (127 141) 

William Browne to the Earl of Salisbury 
[1609, Sept. 4.] — Such is my inability to undergo the expensive 
charge of my place and to do his Majesty service, that I must beg 
somewhat to keep myself and my many children from beggary hereafter. 
Other petition I know not to make than for a pension, only for 20 8 a day 
during my life. Though neither from Queen Elizabeth nor King James 
have I ever obtained anything, yet without your approbation I will 
seek nothing. Undated. 
Holograph Endorsed: '4 Sept. 1609.' \p. (122 61) 

Captain Roger Orme to the Earl of Salisbury 
1609, Sept. 4. — Begs for letters to some such here as Salisbury thinks 
best on his behalf; without which he doubts that upon this new reduce- 
ment, which is daily expected, he will be much undervalued, by reason 
of sinister means which he suspects will be used by some favourers of 
his false accuser Ampooul. He has related the matter to Sir Thomas 
Edmondes, who will give Salisbury his opinion of him. Flushin, 4 Sept. 
1609. 
Holograph \p. (127 142) 

Hidden Treasure at Hertford Castle 
1609, Sept. 4. — Statement by John Deacon respecting the supposed 
hidden treasure at Hertford Castle, delivered to the Justices, 4 Sept. 
1609. 

The first speech of the treasure was from Father Jarvisse, who said 
that he and his associates had a great brass pot up two or three times, 
the mouth covered with a plate and two cross bars of iron; but that they 
could not recover it though they lifted thereat with levers and had a 
horse drawing at it. Mr Sheriff not long after having bought the Castle, 
Deacon told him there was much treasure in it, meaning the said pot; 
upon which Mr Sheriff ordered him to stay the workmen at the likely 
places till he had told the Lord Treasurer and taken his orders; saying 
that though he had bought the Castle, the treasure appertained to the 
King. As Father Jarvisse's speech grew so common that there was daily 
prying about the Castle, Deacon caused a great heap of timber to be put 
upon the place, and turned the reports of treasure another way. When 
John Draper, the bricklayer, was taking down a vault, Deacon said it 
was likely there was treasure in it, and gave him as a 'sleight' a devised 
treasure upon a fair paper, with odd characters to colour the matter, and 
bade him cast the character upon the chafing dish of coals, the heat 
vdiereof made the writing appear. Draper found at the bottom of the 
vault an old chamber pot, and the carpenters being called to see it, they 



127 

reported abroad that he had found a pot of gold. Reports his con- 
versations with various people, one of whom perceived the 'sleight,' which 
he had seen done when he was a boy. The labourers were importunate 
to make trial of some places, but he told them it was very dangerous to 
deal before the ground was discharged, for they should see such fearful 
sights and hear such hideous noises as would scare them away, and then 
all were lost for ever. This dismayed them nothing at all, they being 
resolute not to stir an inch for all the devils in hell; and they entreated 
that the exploit might be forthwith undertaken. Considering their 
settled purpose, Deacon thought it the safest course that Mr Turner, the 
Sheriff's man, should tell his master the matter; and this being done, he 
told the labourers that Mr Sheriff had sent a straight command not to 
deal in the matter at all. The Sheriff said if Deacon thought there was 
treasure indeed, he should make the Lord Treasurer acquainted there- 
with. This command calmed their former heats. Submits himself to the 
censure of the Justices. 
Holograph by Deacon Ihpp. (127 143) 



Sir John Stafford to the Lord Treasurer 
1609, Sept. 6. — Having received your letters concerning Dutchmen 
which have a project in hand for a conveyance of water that will be 
beneficial to the City of Westminster, as they pretend, and that my help 
must be had by a piece of ground that I hold in right of my wife; and 
finding by your letters that you are willing to aid them in the business; 
be assured that I will not forget your favours past, and that you shall 
command me wholly in this. My wife also is willing, and likewise my 
son Wynneard, whom it may concern hereafter. Only we refer to your 
consideration lest it may make our lease defective; whereupon I will take 
counsel when I come to London at Alhollantide. My house at Morle- 
wood in Gloucestershire, 6 Sept. 1609. 
Holograph I p. (127 144) 

The Earl of Suffolk to the Lord Treasurer 
[1609] Sept. 6.- — Of Lord Cranborne's sickness and recovery. In his 
letter to Cranborne he has reminded him of the danger in heating his 
young hot blood and spirits, and doubts not he will make good use of his 
past danger. From hence are to be expected no novelties, where grow 
the same effects that Salisbury finds at Hatfield. Audly End, 6 Sept. 
Holograph Endorsed: '1609.' I p. (127 145) 

The Earl of Salisbury to Sir John Stafford 
1609, Sept. 8. — Your letter assures me that you would not stand 
against reason nor a public good, and beyond that I will not press you. 
My ends are only the public good, and I am very loth there should be so 
long a delay as until Alholantide, because the loss of so much time will 
be a great hindrance to the work which the Dutchmen will presently 
take in hand, if they may have your permission. Yet I am unwilling 
you should pain yourself to come up about it. Write to any of your 



128 

counsel to inform themselves, and if scruples arise, you and your 
reversioner shall remain as secure as your counsel can devise, and you 
shall have some increase of rent. In the meantime I hope it shall not 
dislike you that for avoiding loss of time the work be presently taken 
in hand. I expect your answer by this bearer, and require you to give 
your son Mr Winyard direction to receive satisfaction for you. Hampton 
Court, 8 Sept. 1609. 
Draft, with corrections by Salisbury S pp. (127 146) 

The Justices of Hertfordshire to the Lord Treasurer 
and Sir Julius Caesar 
1609, Sept. 10. — The rumour concerning treasure to be hidden in 
Hertford Castle first came from John Deacon, aged 60, a preacher of 
Hertford, who on examination confessed that he informed John 
Turner, servant to me the Sheriff, Henry Bull, gent, and one Gravenor, 
draper of Hertford, thereof, and to induce them to believe he had used a 
counterfeit form of conjuration. He denied that he knew of any treas- 
ure, and said that the deceitful practice was only his folly and a vain 
desire to be thought able to do such things; though we think his intent 
was to draw those persons into danger, and by that means to make his 
profit. For satisfying the rumour in the country and to punish his 
lewdness, we committed him to gaol from Friday till Monday as an 
imposter and abuser of the people. As we find no probability of treasure, 
or other matter than a deceitful intent in Deacon, we have enlarged him 
on recognisance to appear at the next sessions, forbearing to raise 
speech by digging or further inquiry. We beseech your direction if we 
shall enjoin him any further or more public confession, or that you think 
it meet he be otherwise dealt with. 10 Sept. 1609. 
Signed: Nicolas Trott; He. Cocke; He. Fanshawe; Edw. Cason. 1 p. 
(127 148) 

The Earl of Lincoln to the Earl of Salisbury 
1609, Sept. 10. — Complains of the cunning practices and delays of 
Auditor Saxey's man. Upon Salisbury's warrant to the man, he promised 
to make a particular, but refused to set his hand to it, saying his master 
had delivered a subscribed particular to Mr Garaway. Lincoln told the 
man he thought he durst not do this without Salisbury's warrant; also 
that it was the King's and Salisbury's meaning according to the 
proclamation, which course is taken through the realm of England, 
both upon salt and fresh waters. Details further proceedings. Since 
then, after many delays, the man has practised with Mr Garaway and is 
purposely gone forth out of town. Asks what he shall do to remedy their 
malicious courses taken against him. Chelsey, 10 Sept. 1609. 
Signed I p. (127 149) 

Dorathie Selkan to the Earl of Salisbury 
1609, Sept. 11. — Notwithstanding great charges and earnest solicit- 
ing, my suit has taken no effect, the ordering whereof was referred to 
you and Sir Julius Caesar. I entreat you bethink of a more indifferent 



129 

course, according to the information of these men who follow the 

business for me, than that which Caesar has set down, else no man can 

undertake the business nor any benefit to me. Hampton Court, 11 Sept. 

1609. 

Holograph \p. (127 150) 

Sir Roger Aston to the Earl of Salisbury 
[1609, Sept. 11.] — This Monday, his Majesty being come from the 
hunting, the Venetian Ambassador sent his secretary to the Duke of 
Lennox that he would move his Majesty that he might presently come 
to speak with him, which he granted. You will receive enclosed his 
Majesty's letter, by which you will understand the general of all that 
passed between them. He would have written more particular but that 
it was too long to write, as also that he looks to hear from his Ambass- 
ador there, and from you after this Ambassador has been with you. 

This day, notwithstanding the great rain, his Majesty killed a great 
stag, the Duke of Loynenborue (?) being with him, and tomorrow the 
said Duke dines here with his Majesty and hunts after noon, and takes 
his leave. His Majesty uses him with the greater respect in regard he is 
the Queen's near kinsman. His Majesty returns to Theobalds on Thurs- 
day, and on Friday the Palatine Duke dines with him there. The Earl 
of Dunbar will be at Court on Thursday or Friday. Wenssted, Monday. 
Holograph Endorsed: '13 Sept. 1609. Sir Roger Aston to my Lord 
fromWansted.' I p. (127 153) 

Sir John Stafford to the Earl of Salisbury 
1609, Sept. 12. — Finding by your letters your will to further a public 
good to the City of Westminster, and requiring me to write to my son 
Wynneard to receive satisfaction for me of some rent for the ground 
which I hold in right of my wife, I have written to him to accept such a 
rent as you think fit; and I will confirm it when I come to London by 
such counsel as you direct me, nothing doubting, if it prove hurtful to 
my lease, I shall be righted by you. My lease is at London, none of my 
counsel are there, and my clerk, who looks after my evidences, is in 
Yorkshire; so I can do nothing with my own counsel if 1 were at London. 
Yet the work may go forward at your own will, for this my hand shall 
tie me to perform whatever you direct at Alhollantide. My house at 
Morlewood in Gloucestershire, 12 Sept. 1609. 
Holograph I p. (127 151) 

Lord Chancellor Ellesmere to the Earl of Salisbury 
1609, Sept. 12. — I am glad of this beginning of good news which you 
impart to me, and I pray you may long enjoy and never want the comfort 
of so hopeful and worthy a son. And I wish that whilst the little remnant 
of my decaying years endures, I may not want the strength of so honour- 
able a friend, nor the Commonweal (for many and many years) so true 
and sound a pillar. 

For Coo, I am sorry you should be so much troubled with so idle and 
turbulent a broken brained fellow. The answer which I received from 
you is just, and with such kindness towards me as I must always 



130 

acknowledge. But in this continuing clamour I must entreat that Coo 
and Cage be divided asunder. Coo's complaint is that I have wrongfully 
imprisoned him. The cause and his desert appears in that minute which 
I delivered to his Majesty, and a copy thereof to you; and so I leave him. 

For Cage (whom Coo has nothing to do with, but as a foolish or frantic 
unlawful maintainer), the proceedings against him have been orderly 
and just, and his contempts insolent and almost without example; and 
his case standing as it does, he is not by justice to be enlarged before as 
well the Court as the adverse party be satisfied. 

Coo's letter I keep till I see you, because he dares therein so proudly 
to charge his Majesty that he affirmed upon the word of a king that Cage 
should be enlarged, and Coo himself protected, and this at Bagshot, 
causa mandita. Ashridge 12th Sept. 1609. 
Holograph \p. (127 152) 

Sir Roger Aston to the Earl of Salisbury 

[1609] Sept. 13. — This Wednesday your letters came and were delivered 
to Mr John Morre before I knew anything of their coming, notwith- 
standing I was here and came in with his Majesty and attended the more 
diligent to have answer of my former letters, which his Majesty looked 
for, and asked me sundry times whether I had heard from you or not. 
The letters were opened and read before I saw them. I was asked the 
reason why the letters came not to me . My answer was it was a mistaking 
in the messenger, for they were directed to me and, in my absence, to 
John Morre. He knew that I was not absent, and yet would open the 
letters to let others see his credit. I took no exceptions to his proceed- 
ings, but received his Majesty's direction for answer of your letter. 

First for the proceedings in Venice against his Majesty's book, he bade 
me tell you he cared not much for it, seeing he knew by what means it 
came. 

The second part of your letter more contents his Majesty than I can 
write, and that is to hear of the good amendment of your son. When he 
read that part of your letter he ; lope' for joy, and told us how his letter 
and the news of his amendment came both at one time. 

His Majesty gave me your letter and the other that came from Venice, 
and bade me keep them. If you would have them sent back, let me know, 
and they shall come in the next packet. His Majesty is this night come 
to Havering, and is troubled with a great cold which he took on Monday 
last at the hunting. His purpose was to have been at Theobalds on 
Thursday night, but by reason of his cold will tarry here till Friday. He 
would have you presently send to Sir Lewis Lewkenor to let him know 
that his pleasure is that he go presently to the 'Pallentyne', and excuse 
him that he cannot keep him company on Friday by reason of his great 
cold. If his haste be not great, his Majesty desires him to come to 
Woltome on Saturday at night and dine with him on Sunday. If his 
haste be great, his Majesty would have him come to Woltome on Friday, 
and dine with him on Saturday. Or if they will not come to Woltome, 
they may come from London; but that is referred to themselves. 

His Majesty was well pleased with the Queen's being at Somerset 
House, and of her company, and of her good remembrances to him that 



131 

should 'pe' [?pay] for all; and thereupon entered in some discourse of her 
loving behaviour towards him, wherein you were no ill instrument. 

His Majesty desires to know which 'corle' it is that you mean in your 
letter, that is either dead or will not live. I have no news but that this 
morning Montgomery and he (sic) were made friends by his Majesty, and 
since they have been very great and merry. Dunbar will not be at 
Theobalds till Saturday. You need not doubt of my attendance here, 
for I have no business but to attend his Majesty's service. Havering, 13 
Sept. 
Holograph Endorsed '1609'. 3 pp. (127 154) 



The Archbishop of Canterbury to the Earl of Salisbury 
1609, Sept. 13. — Lady Kennedy has complained to me against her 
husband, charging him to have had a former wife living when he married 
her, with cruelty that has put her in fear of her life, and with divers 
adulteries. I attended upon his Majesty at St James's, when he took 
notice of the suit begun between the parties, and required me to deal 
justly. On the lady's complaint, Sir John promised me to entertain his 
counsel, but has not been with me since. I wrote to him to appear before 
me, when he sent Sir Robert Stewart to entreat me for a protection, 
pretending that divers lie in wait to lay executions on him; but after- 
wards Sir Robert assured me he would bring Sir John to me this morning. 
But when he was expected by me and the counsel on the other side, Mr 
David Dromond brought me word that Stewart was gone to the Court, 
and that Sir John craved pardon for [not] coming except 1 would send a 
protection. Dromond further told me that he had been with you for a 
protection, and you answered you would be glad to know first what I 
might do by virtue of the commission; adding that if my authority 
would not so far extend, you would be a means that he might have it. 
As the cause now stands I am ignorant how far my Lord Cooke his new 
points of law will suffer the authority of the commission to extend. I am 
persuaded that none ought to be molested with arrests or executions 
when called before his Majesty's commissioners; but of later times there 
have been some contempts committed that way. If an execution be laid 
on Sir John, we might, 1 suppose, punish the parties, but 1 do not see 
how he should be relieved. In the Parliament time the Lords have been 
troubled with such like particulars, which leads me to think that it were 
fit he had a protection from his Majesty. I imagine the suit will not 
be very long, except my Lord Cooke think fit to disturb us with some 
prohibition. 

I thank you very heartily for sending to visit me, for your most kind 
speeches of me to the Bishop of Rochester, and for making my excuse 
for my absence from Hampton Court. As it falls out with men in agues, 
1 have some good and some bad days, and fear you will be a true prophet 
when you said to my servant Scot you doubted I should not be well until 
I had avoided the stone that first troubled me. I pray you may ever be 
defended from all evil, and particularly from the stone. Lambeth, 13 
Sept. 1609. 
Signed 2 pp. (127 156) 



132 

Sir Lewis Lewkbnor to the Earl of Salisbury 
1609, Sept. 14 — The Count Palatine had sent his apparel and pro- 
visions to Waltham, and had come there himself, before I received your 
letter. I imparted the contents to him and he requested that his Majesty 
would dispose of him as of his humble servant, and should account 
himself very unhappy if he should interrupt him in any of his recrea- 
tions; and he would attend here the King's pleasure. Tomorrow he will 
see the house and park, and see a flight at a partridge if the weather be 
fair. He is singularly well satisfied, and I hope we shall find means to 
entertain him that he shall not think the time long. I have written as 
much to Sir Roger Aston, from whom I look to know his Majesty's 
pleasure tomorrow. Waltham Cross, 14 Sept. 1600. 
Holograph 1 p. (127 157) 

The Bishop of Durham to the Earl of Salisbury 
1609, Sept. 15. — Yours of the 9th were brought to me the 13th, with 
your enclosed to Sir John Claxton, whom you are informed to be a fit 
man for the private inquiry of such royalties, rights and privileges as 
have anciently belonged to the Lordships of Rabie, Barnard Castle and 
Branspith, now assigned to the Duke of York. Sir John, whose father 
was in the late rebellion and attainted, at the King's entrance undertook 
the managing of Mr. Nevill's business, who sought to be an Earl of 
Westmorland, and required the late Earl's tenants to be furnished with 
horse and money for the intended Earl's use, being then and still 
continuing an indicted, convicted, confined and excommunicated recu- 
sant. He and his family are very obstinate, and he suffers not his son to 
come to church. If such a one, one of the most dangerous recusants of 
the North, be so employed, it would give great offence to good subjects, 
and encourage all the papists in these parts, who daily grow proud and 
heady, who take him (whose estate is the meanest of all the knights in 
this Bishopric) as their ringleader. Observe who the men are who 
commend him to you. Mr. Sanderson, a strong opposite to Sir John, a 
man as busy on the other side, who has no employment but what he 
thrusts himself into touching the Duke's business, procured a commission 
to commissioners chosen by himself last year, and this year procured the 
like to sundry of this Bishopric and of Yorkshire, namely, Sir John 
Mallery, Sir Thomas Lassells, Sir Richard Thekston. Mr Henry Topham, 
and Mr Christofer Parkinson, counsellors-at-law; of whom Thekston 
and Topham being only of the quorum and Thekston being dead, that 
commission is now also void. By Thekston's death a great part of the 
benevolence given to the Duke now due. is like to be neglected, unless 
you appoint a sufficient man to receive it. Command John Barnes, 
Clerk of the Chancery here, or any other, to direct a commission to whom 
you please; and call Serjeant Hutton, Chancellor here, to take care 
thereof. If you think it meet to have any inquiry of the royalties, etc. it 
may please you that a jury of 24 of the most ancient knights and esquires 
of this county may be called; whereto I and my officers shall give assist- 
ance. Your letter to Sir John Claxton I make bold to keep in my hands 
until I understand your pleasure. Bishop's Awkland, 15 Sept. 1609. 
Holograph 2 pp. (127 158) 



133 

Sib Lewis Lewkenor to the Earl of Salisbury 
[1609] Sept. 15. — I received this morning an answer from Sir Roger 
Aston of my letter, by which he signifies his Majesty intends to come to 
Tyballs this night, and to entertain the Count Palatine tomorrow at 
dinner and hunting. Waltham Cross, 15 Sept. 
Holograph Endorsed: '1609.' 

Postal endorsement: 'Hast, hast, posthast, hast, posthast, hast. From 
London, past 10 of the clock.' \p. (127 159) 

The Countess of Derby to the Earl of Salisbury 
and the Earl of Suffolk 
1609, Sept. 15. — I have made choice of John Ireland, esq, your Lord- 
ships' lieutenant and captain of the Isle of Man, for the receiving of all 
moneys henceforth due upon the foot of the accounts of officers there, 
and to cause the same to be transported to Liverpole for my use. The 
doing thereof may sometimes prove dangerous by means of piracy or 
wreck, and I hold it not convenient the loss should be charged upon him. 
I pray your Lordships by your letters will be pleased to undertake the 
saving of him harmless from such casualty and danger, so as the same 
happen not through his own negligence. I hereby promise to discharge 
your Lordships from all loss that may grow to you by such undertaking. 
From the Stronde, the 15th day of September, 1609. 
Signed: 'Your lordshipes moost loving nece and cosin, E.Derbye.' 
Endorsed: '13° {sic) Sept. 1610. Countess of Derby's undertaking to 
save my Lord and Lord Chamberlain harmless for the warrant they have 
given the Lieutenant of the Isle of Man for transportation of money 
from thence.' \p. (128 151) 

John Hare to the Earl of Salisbury 
1609, Sept. 16. — I beseech you to sign this order enclosed for my 
warrant of the process against Sir William Fletewood's sureties, which 
shall be ready for the seal against Monday, together with a commission 
which Mr Percival will inform you of. I also desire you to sign the 
enclosed letters, which will be to very good purpose for furthering the 
business; the rather because I shall this next week attend wholly the 
business concerning Mr Royter. London, 16 Sept. 1609. 
Holograph I p. (127 170) 

Lady Anne Glemham to the Earl of Salisbury 
1609, Sept. 18. — Acknowledges his favours, and begs for a supposed 
concealed wardship in Norfolk. 

Long since it pleased you to give my dear father the wardship of 
Pelham's son that was Lord Chief Baron in Ireland, which ward my 
father told me you gave him for my behoof. So it is I never had a penny 
of it. My Lord agreed with the mother for 300 1 to be paid in two j^ears. 
100 1 was paid the Michaelmas before my father died. My Lord's death 
being so sudden debarred him from conveying it to me, as he ever 
promised ; so my brother Dorset reaped the benefit of that and other 
things which my Lord ever intended for me; some of which I can prove 



134 

by witness, and for some other his hand; but all avails not, so extreme 
'strick' is the Lord William Howard to me in all my just demands, as if I 
were rather a foe than a beloved child to my dear father. 18 Sept. 1609. 
Holograph Endorsed: 'Ladv Anne Glemham to my Lord.' I p. (127 
160) 

The Bishop of Lincoln to the Earl of Salisbury 
1609, Sept. 19. — For a bishop to confirm a lease is a usual action, yet 
when the law has cast that authority upon him only as a supervisor of 
trust to prevent or stop such leases as by improvident or covetous 
churchmen are made prejudicial to their successors, circumstances may 
occur to bar the customary act till unreasonable conditions be reformed, 
whereof this lease passed to Mr Jones has two main ones: which not- 
withstanding are now by your letters no obstacles to me or it. For 
though neither lessor nor lessee, prebendary or farmer, has either by 
Avord of mouth or letter vouchsaved to move me (which even common 
courtesy would have required), yet that also is no let, for I have con- 
firmed it and, which is more, the prebendary being now dead and 
supposed so to be at the passage of that lease. But where you intend a 
pleasure (and in this Mr Jones has received a very great one) my 
furtherance shall never want. Bugden, 19 Sept. 1609. 

PS. — I most humbly thank you for your kindness vouchsaved me, a 
country retired Bishop, when I last attended you. 
Signed. The postscript in the Bishop 's handwriting I p. (127 161) 

Sir George Frevtle to the Earl of Salisbury 
1609, Sept. 23. — Reports his proceedings in the repair of Raby Castle 
and parks, committed to his charge by the Bishop of Durham, Sir 
Charles Wrenn and others. Proposals in view of the Duke of York's 
using the Castle hereafter. Suggests that the two feodaries of Yorkshire 
Sir Thomas Bland and Marmaduke Wilson, should be appointed to 
survey the spoils and other abuses of the Castle and parks. His Majesty's 
Castle at Raby, 23 Sept. 1609. 
Holograph 2 pp. (132 117) 

[Sir] G[eorge] C[arew] to Monsieur de Puisieuls,* 
'Secretaire d 'estât et des commendements au Roy 
[Before 25 Sept. 1609] — Concerning the deputation of him or them 
who will confer with me as to the debt between these two crowns, I have 
wanted to advise you that heretofore his Majesty deputed by his own 
mouth to this effect your father and Monsieur de Suilly, with whom we 
had also opened the matter. I hold that he could not find any more 
suitable, provided they were willing to attend to the matter, which I 
doubt without the repeated command of his Majesty. This bearer will 
tell you the cause by word of mouth. But if it be so that the above said 
gentlemen could not attend to the matter in the present, then I pray 
you to have it committed to some other, so that this business being well 
heard and dispatched (vuidée) according to what shall belong to it, 
friendship between the two crowns shall be by all good mutual offices 

* Puisieux was appointed Secretary of State on 4 March, 1607 (N.S.). 



135 

more and more bound (astreinte). To prolong it on the contrary by 
postponements and evasions will give the appearance of stirring it up 
(de Vesbransler). 'Du fauxbourg de St Germain, ce lundy au matin.' 
Signed: G.C. French I p. (186 1) 



The Earl of Salisbury to [Viscount Cranborne] 
1609, Sept. 27. — It is so late that I wrote to you as I should not need to 
write at this time if it were not in respect of the opportunity of this 
bearer, sent of purpose by your father-in-law to you and his sons. I send 
you God's blessing, and wish to hear that you are in health. For all 
other things, I have heard so well by those who attend you of your desire 
to gather knowledge and acquire outward and inward virtues, as I will 
only say I hope you will, when you come to England, make your friends 
witnesses of both. You had need to grow apace, or else you have a 
goodly young lady that will be too high for you, whom I saw lately, and 
your sister of whom, because I know nature will make you careful, I 
think it not amiss to advertise you she begins to grow very well. White- 
hall, 27 Sept. 1609. 
Signed \p. (228 29) 



William Gamull to the Earl of Salisbury 
1609, Sept. 28. — He dispatched Salisbury's letters to the Countess of 
Derby, and returns her answer. Chester, 28 Sept. 1609. 
Signed \p. (127 163) 



Lord Chancellor to the Earl of Salisbury 
1609, Sept. 28. — Your first letter found Mr Attorney and me together, 
and since I have received your other by the post, with Coe's included. I 
contemn his malice, and in Christian charity pity his person. What I 
conceive of his letter I will let you know at my coming to the Court, 
which cannot be before Saturday, before which time I hope there will be 
no use of my service, and therefore a small excuse (if you afford it me) 
will serve for so idle a servant. And yet I shall not be idle here. York 
House, 28 Sept. 1609. 
Holograph \p. (127 164) 



Sir George Buck to the Earl of Salisbury 
1609, Sept. 29. — Sir Charles Howard is bound to pay him 20 1 a year, 
but for almost four years he has paid him only 14 1 odd (besides 20 1 
which with overmuch entreaty he got from the Lady, his wife). Howard 
makes no conscience either to pay his due debt or relieve him in his long 
sickness and adversity. Being unwilling to arrest Howard, or extend his 
land, for the honour he bears his family, he begs Salisbury to take order 
in the Exchequer that his money may be paid out of Howard's fees and 
pensions. 29 Sept. 1609. 
Holograph I p. (127 165) 



136 

Anthony Ersfeild to the Earl of Salisbury 
[1609, Sept. 29.] — The 22nd of this present our Commander was taken 
ill with a burning fever, and without intermission was exceedingly 
tormented with it to his last breath. He would not be persuaded to send 
for any physician until his disease grew desperate, so as amongst many 
of his virtues, this was his last fault, that he was wilful to refuse the 
ordinary means for his preservation. What damage the State has by 
losing such a member you best know. What this poor place may suffer 
we shall soonest feel. Portsmouth, this 29th at night when he departed. 
Holograph Endorsed: 'Captain Anthony Ersfeild to my Lord. Sept. 
29, 1609. S r Fra.Vere's death.' I p. (127 166) 

Sir Griffin Markham to Sir Thomas Edmondes 
1609, Sept. 30. — Your first postile seems to be remembered, for these 
men are gone and going. Mr Trumbull knows, and, I assure myself, will 
advertise you all the particulars. The gowned philosophers will set up 
their rests to return and interest the reputation of the whole brother- 
hood, which how potent it is you have had some experience; and you 
may be assured they will not want to engage both wit and power, even 
to the last drop, to effect it. Therefore you must of the contrary side 
employ your whole talents both of judgment and credit to make good so 
glorious a work so well begun, and account it not one of the meanest 
actions amongst so many great ones that you have managed; for if you 
can still breed constancy where it ought to be, you shall be the first 
triumphant subject that ever undertook this just attempt. I will assist 
you with my prayer, not having other means. All other matters I leave 
to Mr Trumbull, with whom I have imparted my poor opinion. Com- 
mend my best service to your best Lady. Bruxells. last of September, 
1609. 
Holograph \p. (127 162) 

The Bishop of Durham to the Earl of Salisbury 
1609, Sept. 30. — Reports his proceedings with the contractors, Sir 
George Frevill, Sir Charles Wrenn, Mr Chaitor, Sir William Gascoigne 
and others, with regard to Gainsford Wood, and the repair of Raby 
Castle and parks. Gives a full description of the castle and parks. Mr 
Sanderson's proceedings at Branspeth Castle. Bishop's Awkland, 30 
Sept. 1609. 
Holograph 2 pp. (132 118) 

Sir Roger Aston to the Earl of Salisbury 
[1609, Sept.] — His Majesty having daily information of stealing of 
deer, is the more desirous to have the proclamation go forward, and 
therefore has commanded me to write to you that, seeing the Chancellor 
is at London, you would resolve speedily to perform that which was 
agreed to be done. 

Yesternight Lord Clefton came hither and informed the Duke of 
Lennox that hunters had killed in one night 20 does in a park at 
Grafton. This has made his Majesty more earnest in hastening this 
proclamation than he was. 



137 

His Majesty is presently at Bagsoutt, and means to be here this 
night, and tomorrow goes to Windsor, and on Thursday to Hampton 
Court, where he looks that you will meet him. 

I had some directions to you, but it was not my good luck to see you 
on Saturday. I went to see my wife, where I tarried Sunday all day. 
Yesterday I returned according as I promised to his Majesty. In my 
going you were abroad taking the air; in my returning you were gone to 
Hatfield, so that I could not see you. 

His Majesty is here in the midst of his pleasures, in fair weather, and 
good health of body, which is the cause he stays a day longer here than 
he thought to have done, for he should have been at Windsor this night. 
From Bagsoutt this Tuesday. 
Holograph Endorsed: 'Sept. 1609.' I p. (127 167) 

Sir John Rooper to the Earl of Salisbury 
[1609, Sept.] — By your letters I was very much grieved to find that 
the falcon I sent you did not perform her flying to like you. The day 
before I sent her she killed three partridges at one flight. Now she is 
committed to Mr Leake she will come in short time to her wonted flying. 
Hearing your purpose to spend some time with my Lord Suffolk, I have 
now sent you an 'entermewed fowlour' very full of spirit, but as yet un- 
steady, in regard she has not killed above five or six partridges; but if 
you commit her to Mr Leake, or some other skilful man that will fly her 
at good times, she will please you very much. Undated. 
Holograph Endorsed: 'Sept. 1609.' lp. (127 168) 

Lord Stanhope to the Earl of Salisbury 
[1609, Sept.] — I presume of my former leave to be absent, by reason 

of my weak health and other imperfections, till I shall be farther 

summoned. I send to understand of your health, after this unseasonable 

progress. Undated. 

PS. — -I received this letter yesternight, which I send you for the 

novelty thereof. I saw not the party this twelvemonth, but have heard 

of him once or twice to help his miserable poverty afore he had any 

touch of this humour. 

Holograph Endorsed: 'Sept. 1609.' I p. (127 169) 

Sir Michael Hickes to the Earl of Salisbury 
1609, Oct. 2. — Having been lately at Sir Edward Sulyard's, and 
finding his grapes as good as ever I tasted for the relish and sweetness, I 
prayed him to send you some to taste of, so that if you liked them you 
might have some grafts of the same vine. But he said if you liked them 
he would give you half a dozen roots to set, which he says are far better 
to take, and will bear in two years, where the other will not bear in three 
or four. Besides he will give you two nectarine plum trees and anything 
else he has in his garden or orchard. This day the bearer came to my 
house with a basket of the said grapes. Ruckholts, 2 Oct. 1609. 
Holograph I p. (127 171) 

CM— L 



138 

Viscount Cranborne to the Earl of Salisbury 
[1609] Oct. 3/13. — Since my last from Toulouse, I have passed 
through Languedoc and Provence, countries much differing from the 
other parts of France, wherein I have seen many fair towns and monu- 
ments of great antiquity, the particularities whereof I have set down in 
my French journal, which at my arrival in Paris I will send you. I 
cannot longer omit to let you know the great honour I have received of 
the Duke Guise at Marseilles, which was such as I must for ever ack- 
nowledge myself indebted to that Prince. He made often and most 
honourable mention of your many kindnesses to the Prince Jenvile at 
his being in England. I beseech you to return him thanks. Here at 
Lions I found my man with your letters. I will wholly govern myself by 
your directions at Geneva. As time and season serve I will resolve of 
my journey towards Paris. Lions, 13 Oct. st:no: 
Holograph Endorsed: '1609.' I p. (228 30) 

Noel de Caron to the Earl of Salisbury 
1609, Oct. 6. — The States wish for his Majesty's letters to further the 
deliverance of 60 or 80 prisoners taken at Tunis and elsewhere by the 
Turks, and Salisbury promised to write such letters to the English 
Ambassador in Turkey. He begs that he may have them as soon as 
possible. The States have already received the letters of the French 
King in that behalf. 

A friend has sent him a case of Venice glasses. He informed the maker 
of crystalline glasses in London thereof, who refuses to allow him to take 
it, on account of the great quantity. Begs for Salisbury's order that he 
may have it. He has had none during the time he has lived here, and 
does not intend to import any more. Suydt Lambet, 6 Oct. 1609. 
Holograph French I p. (195 114) 

Lord Chancellor Ellesmere to the Earl of Salisbury 
1609, Oct. 11. — I thank you for your kind letter. It brought me news 
of double contentment; first of his Majesty's good health, and next of 
your own. 

If any such book as you write of shall be offered to the seal, I will stay 
it according to your direction. I intend to be at London on Monday 
next, and then to see you. In the meanwhile 1 will pass the time as a poor 
hermit in a desert, here amongst the woods, not altogether idle nor void 
of care, although I but tumble my tub as Diogenes did to little purpose. 
Ashridge, 11 Oct. 1609. 
Holograph I p. (127 172) 

Sir Thomas Lake to the Earl of Salisbury 
1609, Oct. 11. — His Majesty has commanded me to inform you of the 
proceedings in the election at Christ's College in Cambridge, wherein he 
has received an affront such as he thinks cannot stand with his honour to 
suffer. The matter is that after the direction given by you they were left 
with their liberty, so as they chose not Bambridge. My Lord of Bath 
informed him that he perceived they had a purpose to choose one 



139 

Pemberton, a younger bachelor of divinity, one as much to be rnisliked 
as the other as having been his disciple, one whom his Majesty remem- 
bered to have once so preached before him as he was like to have 
committed him. He was further informed that Jacob, a turbulent 
minister of London, had been amongst them, and that they had been 
casting their courses how to have an election to serve their turn, though 
Bambridge were omitted. Whereupon his Majesty wrote letters to them 
yesterday (whereof I send you herewith a copy), requiring they should 
nominate to him 3, 4 or 5 eligible persons, amongst which if there were 
any against which he had just exception for public respect, he would 
signify it to them, and leave them their choice of the rest. They made no 
answer to this letter, but made their election this morning, and came to 
exhibit the petition I send herewith; in which his Majesty takes that 
they cavil with him upon the words of complete election, because they 
say they have not given the elected his oath. But his meaning was that 
they should signify the names of men to him first and hear his answer, 
which if it had pleased them might have been done time enough before 
the hour of their election. At the time of their coming his Majesty, 
hearing before what had been done, commanded them to the porter's 
lodge, where they remained about two hours, and sent to receive this 
their petition, with which he is so far from being satisfied as he thinks 
they abuse him with cavillations, using no manner of sincere dealing. At 
the same time he received a petition, which I enclose, from four other of 
the same house, complaining of this election, who by their speeches 
show that his Majesty's letters were not respectively used, and crave 
that he would nominate a Master. The parties who have made the 
election and the Master elect are commanded to attend you, and have 
given their credits to be there tomorrow night. The party who bring this 
letter are also commanded to wait on you. His Majesty directs you to 
confer with my Lord of Canterbury what is meet to be done for the 
satisfaction of his honour, which he takes to be much offended in their 
contempt; and the rather for that he says he hears from men of good 
sort that the eyes of the University are cast upon the success of this 
business. He thinks the offenders cannot but be committed, and some 
course thought upon for a new election. Whereas they allege they have 
satisfied the contents of his letters, in that they have not made a com- 
plete election; being demanded by him whether it were so incomplete as 
that they might by their statutes proceed to a new, they will not say so, 
but that his Majesty may do what please him; wherein they do but 
shift, as he says, and put him to the straining of his prerogative, which 
is an unpleasing thing in such cases, and which he is not willing to use 
but in case of necessity, or else to approve their election, which they 
know he is not disposed to do. His speeches are earnest wherein he 
recommends this to your care, in regard his honour is interested in it. 
For the party to be chosen he favours Dr Clarke, recommended by my 
Lord of Ely, or Mr Carey, but yet is indifferent, so as it be a confor- 
mable and peaceable man. If the election be devolved to you, as some of 
the Fellows suppose, he doubts not but you will order it well and will 
have care of his reputation. Court at Royston, 11 Oct. 1609. 
Holograph Z\pp. (127 173) 



140 

The Bishop of Durham to the Earl of Salisbury 
1609, Oct. 12. — I thank you for your letters of September 21. First, 
for that you approve my opinion touching the appointment of that 
Popish knight, of whom 1 wrote nothing but truth. Your letters to him 
I send enclosed. Mr Thomas Morray was much abused, and 1 cannot 
guess by whom. I could not perceive that any Papist had recourse to 
him when here, nor that he gave any countenance to them. It were meet 
you knew the recommender and esteemed him accordingly : and if you 
impart so much to me, it may be a means to promote his Majesty's 
service. His Majesty has many in these parts whom he may trust in the 
Duke's Grace's causes. I thank you for appointing Mr Barnes in Sir 
Richard Thekston's place; he is Clerk of the Chancery here, and many 
years ago when he was in the Temple depended on your noble father. 
He is a very intelligent man, and will faithfully advance the Duke's 
causes. Your letters much comforted him. But Mr Sanderson having 
received the commission and showing him your letter, though Mr Barnes 
took notice of the renewing of the commission and asked him of the 
time, yet Sanderson never signified your appointment to him, neither 
will have him a commissioner if he can choose. As you have nominated 
him I pray that no practices, which will not be wanting, may alter your 
opinion of him. I wrote of grievances which gentlemen of the country 
took against Mr Sanderson's manner of proceeding, and labouring to 
have commissioners of his own choice, which you most honourably met. 
There are certain depths and plots in some of their heads which time will 
open, and God and his Majesty, I doubt not, will frustrate. Bishop's 
Awkland, 12 Oct. 1609. 
Holograph I p. (127 175) 



Sir Thomas Lake to the Earl of Salisbury 
1609, Oct. 13. — These letters are sent by Mr Lepton and not by the 
post, because you shall hear from him some particulars of that which is 
the subject of his Majesty's writing. His Highness has been advertised 
from my Lord Sheffield by Mr Lepton that, notwithstanding all the pains 
that have been taken in the matter of prohibitions, notwithstanding the 
judges' offers of their own cautions for the future, and notwithstanding 
they had so sensible a testimony of his Majesty's displeasure with their 
slight manner of proceeding in things of that nature, there have more 
prohibitions been directed to that Court now this last term held in the 
end of July (which was long since the judges last being before his Majesty 
and }^our Lordships) than there were at any time before. And that 
namely one since the last term, the judges being out of Court and the pro- 
hibition antedated, in so mean a matter as a hunting match, which is 
besides the general offence to his Majestj^ so expressly against their own 
offers (whereof his Majesty remembers freshly that one was that no pro- 
hibition should be given out of Court and with antedate) as his Majesty 
thinks no person of discretion would have done it, except with purpose to 
make show to the world how little they set by his Majesty's offence. It is 
so strange to his Highness as that he cannot believe it till he have some 
trial made, but if he find it to be true, he vows and affirms it with many 



141 

oaths that he will make those judges know he is their sovereign and feel 
what his power is, and that he can be served with as honest men and as 
well learned as they, who shall better understand how to demean 
themselves toward him. For his satisfaction wherein he desires your 
Lordship to afford some time after speech with Mr Lepton, either by 
calling for the judges, or such of them as be in town or near the town, 
which his Majesty thinks that ere this time many of them are, their 
circuits being finished ; or by other means to inform yourself of the truth 
of both points; that is, the number and that are antedated and given 
out of Court, and to let his Majesty know the truth of it, for which his 
Highness has willed me to say he will long as a woman with child and 
suspend his judgment till he hear; but if it fall out true will take a 
course to repair his own honour, adding that he shall not marvel to find 
contumacy and disobedience in people, if the judges who should give 
them example of reverence and duty, make their glory to neglect his 
displeasure. The judges which his Majesty means are the Judges of the 
Common Pleas, and for your information his Highness said you may use 
the service of Mr Attorney. Your Lordship will pardon me in a matter 
of this moment to write as I receive, for it is delivered to me with much 
passion and bitterness, and I think his Majesty the more inflamed 
because of the contempt used toward him at Cambridge by the scholars, 
which his Majesty scorns much, and indeed they handled it peevishly. 

Another thing which has cast his Majesty into offence, and whereof his 
pleasure was I should write either to you or my Lord Chamberlain, was 
the want of attendance of the Knight Marshal, which displeased his 
Majesty very much, and his direction is that my Lord Chamberlain 
should roundly show him of it, and that his Highness takes it ill that he 
should think it sufficient for his person to be attended by his servants and 
those, when they are here, of mean fashion and one or two at the most; 
and that, if he have no better disposition to do his service, he should resign 
his place to his Majesty, and he will provide himself of one that shall 
think it an honour to attend his Majesty in that place. This, I take, 
grows of the disorders of boys, rogues and idle people frequenting the 
fields when his Majesty is abroad. 

A third matter, and that of offence too, is concerning the highways; 
but the direction herein is not only to your Lordship but to my 
Lords of the Council in general. His Highness remembers what pains 
their Lordships took for the amending of the ways between London and 
this place, and that he was told the Justices had received order and 
undertaken somewhat, but his Majesty finds it so far from any effect as 
the ways are worse than they were. This his Majesty takes to be a sign 
of neglect of the authority of that Board, and consequently of his 
Highness also, and says that he has heard that the time was when a 
direction given from that table would not have been so passed over. 
Wherefore seeing their Lordships' reputations are engaged in it as well 
as his, his Majesty doubts not but, being advertised from him of the 
neglect, they will in their wisdoms think upon the reparation and not 
suffer so many contempts to creep into people's minds unpunished as 
daily do. From the Court at Royston, this 13 Oct. 1609. 
Holograph 4 pp. (128 1) 



142 

Sir Thomas Lake to the Earl of Salisbury 
1609, Oct. 14. — Yesternight after the receipt of your letters 1 acquain- 
ted his Majesty with them, who is exceedingly well satisfied with all that 
your Lordship has done in that matter, as their committing the order 
concerning Bambridge and the deferring of the matter till his Majesty's 
return. But one point his Majesty thinks your Lordship has done your- 
self some wrong in, that is in giving them a protestation that you would 
leave them to a free election. His Majesty thinks it can now no way stand 
with his honour to leave them to choose, and if it be devolved he is not 
minded you should lose any advantage which their own act has given, 
for his Highness takes it not that the devolution is by your deferring of 
them till after Allhallowtide, but by their own proceeding. For if they 
have made a complete election they have disobeyed his Majesty's com- 
mandment that way; if not a complete, then being tied to a precise day 
and hour as in their petition to his Majesty they alleged, and within that 
day and hour no complete election being performed, they have devolved 
it by their own deed; which his Majesty would not have you omit to 
take hold of. For the person to be chosen or nominated his Majesty is 
very indifferent, and will be till he speaks with your Lordship. Only in 
general, he thinks that to avoid opinion that he has had any scope in 
this business but the public, somebody may be thought upon to be 
placed there that has been yet least talked of. From the Court at 
Royston, this 14 Oct. 1609. 
Holograph Seal l^pp. (128 4) 

Sir Roger Aston to the Earl of Salisbury 
[1609,] Oct. 15. — My last letter 1 received from you was of the 11th 
inst. I am commanded by my Lord of Dombar to make his commenda- 
tions to your Lordship, and tomorrow I shall send you letters from him, 
which I believe will not be unpleasing to you. I acquainted him with the 
private note and then burnt it. Our Great Chancellor of Scotland is to be 
here on Wednesday next. His Majesty is in good health. The frost is so 
great here as he can get no hunting, and the hawks are not ready, So 
that there is no sport here. From Rostorne, the 15 of Oct. 
Holograph Endorsed: '1609.' I p. (128 5) 

Sir Thomas Lake to the Earl of Salisbury 
1609, Oct. 15. — Yesternight I received your Lordship's letters con- 
cerning the prohibitions, and this morning the other by Mr Hassett, who 
is dispatched and knighted, but has committed a fault here, being stolen 
away without paying his fees, which is the cause I send by the post, 
intending to have sent by him. I do not greatly blame him, for they are 
grown to over great an exaction, and it was not possible he should be 
provided to pay them all that asked. But partly because I know not 
what heart your Lordship may have of this book concerning the alum, 
and partly to acquaint you with some further direction given me by his 
Highness this morning concerning the matter of Cambridge, I have used 
the post. 

When I acquainted his Majesty with these last letters of your 
Lordship's, he willed me to advertise you that he is informed from some 
of good account in Cambridge that, concerning this election for Christ 



143 

College, there was a conventicle held of divers of that faction, not only 
assembled from other colleges in Cambridge but out of the country 
adjoining, and that Jacob, a notorious minister of London for faction and 
disquietness, carried a great hand amongst them. Whereupon his Majesty 
would have you both examine those you have committed at London, 
and give order to the Vice-Chancellor at Cambridge to examine 
Bambridge and others of their party in that College upon these points: 
what meetings have been held by them concerning this election with any 
others besides those of their own College, and whether they were of the 
University that were at such meetings; whether there were at those 
meetings any ministers or scholars not being ordinarity of that Univer- 
sity but assembled from other places; thirdly, whether Jacob were at 
any meetings either in College or in the town concerning this election, 
and whether he came of purpose or accidentally. His Majesty, I perceive, 
is eager in this matter, and exceedingly well pleased with that which 
your Lordship has done, saving with your protestation, and seems to be 
resolute that Pemberton shall not have it. 

The Bishop of Ely elect sent hither that because he hopes his Majesty 
means him the profits a tempore mortis, his bill might be signed before the 
paying come now after Michaelmas, lest if it come into the Exchequer it 
be hard to get it out again. But T forbear to offer his bill because of the 
caution your Lordship gave me, although it seems he speaks of my Lord 
of Bath, that a letter being delivered by him to his Majesty from my 
Lord of Canterbury concerning the place of Almoner, his Majesty has 
willed him to return answer that his Majesty inclines that my Lord of 
Ely should hold it still. 

I have by his Majesty's commandment (solicited thereto by Sir Roger 
Aston) sent to you a petition of Mr Hogan of Hampton Court, craving 
allowance to be made him for some extraordinary charges he is put to for 
furnishing his Majesty, the Queen and Prince with founts in which they 
take delight. His Majesty's answer is that your Lordship by conference 
with my Lord Admiral can easily find what allowance he has already, 
and whether it be sufficient to serve his turn. His Highness knows you 
are not unjust in anything is needful for him, although you have need 
otherwise to be a hard treasurer. From the Court at Rovston, this 15 
Oct. 1609. 
Holograph Seal, broken S pp. (128 6) 

The Bishop of Bath and Wells to the Earl of Salisbury 
1609, Oct. 15. — I write these few lines to make my excuse that your 
Lordship has not heard of me before now. The truth is I obtained leave 
of his Majesty upon Tuesday to go see my friends in Northamptonshire. 
Yet before I went I acquainted his Majesty that I heard the Fellows of 
Christ College had an intention to abuse both the grace his Majesty and 
the favour your Lordship had afforded them for a free election, and to 
make choice of one Mr Pemberton as deeply devoted to that faction as 
Mr Bambridge, so that there would be nothing got by secluding of Bam- 
bridge but the putting in of a worse, in that being young and less able to 
rule he must be wholly governed by the other. Whereupon, I being 
upon my journey, his Majesty gave order to Sir Thomas Lake to write 



144 

to the College to that effect your Lordship knows better than I. But in 
this information of his Majesty, I think I did but my duty both to him 
and you, for, as I have certified him since my coming home, I was present 
when I heard you once and again charge the Fellows that they should 
not put a trick upon the King, but expressly bound them to choose such 
a one as both his Majesty had directed them unto in his letters and 
themselves had made promise to elect in their petition. By these 
speeches I am sure, as I have told his Majesty, you meant not to have 
one of that stamp put by and another of the same kind elected. I relate 
this the rather to you, for the Fellows have made it a colour for their 
doings that you should enjoin them to choose one of their own house that 
was now an actual Fellow of the house, which is as true as their dealings 
have been just and plain. I am glad they do a little smart for their fault, 
so that their suffering may not make a redemption of their offence, but 
may teach them better obedience to their King and governors. From 
Court at Royston, this 15 of Oct. 1609. 
Holograph Seal \\pp. (128 19) 

John Osborne to Lord [Salisbury] 
1609, Oct. 15. — Suggestions for preventing spoil of the King's woods. 
15 Oct. 1609. 
Holograph 2 pp. (132 119) 

Thomas Jegon, Vice-Chancellor, to the Earl of Salisbury, 

Chancellor or the University of Cambridge 
1609, Oct. 16. — Upon the receipt of your Honour's letters delivered to 
me the 14th of this month, I have fulfilled your commandment, so that 
Mr Bambridge is committed to the house of Mr Reeding, one of our 
beadles. The rest that did concur in the pretended election of Mr 
Pemberton (viz, Mr Adison, Chappell, Bentley, Rusle and Estwick) are 
bound before us in 100 1 a man for their appearance before you the 
morrow after all Hallowtide next at Whitehall or elsewhere at your 
direction, to answer the matter. I have also signified unto them your 
purpose not to impeach their freedom of any new election that might 
happen by devolution. In the interim the government of the College is 
committed to Mr Adison, in other Fellows' absence, to whom I have 
promised the readiness of my best endeavours upon all occasions as your 
Honour commands. This is all I was commanded for Christ's College. 
Upon receipt of a special commission, procured from the King by your 
mediation for ease of our University in the case of aid, there is levied of 
our University and colleges in the same and delivered to the collector 
81 1 : 8s: 8d. It was cheerfully tendered without any pleading for further 
freedom after your pleasure known by this commission. Cambridge, 16 
Oct. 1609. 
Signed \<p. (128 8) 

Thomas Cambell and William Cokayne to the Earl of Salisbury 

1609, Oct. 17. — Whereas for the necessary service and performance 

of the Lord Mayor and the Sheriffs' approaching feast at Geldhall 

(Guildhall) we are, according to the ancient use, to employ a very great 



145 

quantity of unwrought pewter, and having to that purpose conferred 
with the wardens and others of the Pewterers for the furnishing of 
12,000 weight, which is the least which can be required for that service, 
we understand by them that all the pewterers of London are altogether 
unprovided, and that there is little or none unwrought pewter to be had 
in their hands at this time. Except it please you to vouchsafe us your 
favour therein, we shall be driven to some hard exigent and for want 
thereof not able to perform things requisite to our own willing desires in 
a service of that consequence. May it please you to direct your letters 
to the King's farmers or agents to furnish the pewterers hereunder 
named with 12,000 weight of tin at his Majesty's price, paying ready 
money for the same, that therewith they may speedily make up rough 
vessels to furnish our present use. 17 Oct. 1609. 

The peivterers named below are: Richard Glover, Thomas Smith and 
Frauncis Grèves. 
Signed I p. (128 9) 

Sir Thomas Lake to the Earl of Salisbury 
[1609] Oct. 18. — Your Lordship's letters came hither this night about 
eight of the clock and I was anon after called for, not by reason of them 
but of a packet which came with them in a cover enclosed to Sir Robert 
Carre, which cover I have sent to you, and is no doubt of a counterfeit 
hand. Within was a book printed and directed to his Majesty, being in 
the title a supplication to his Majesty on the behalf of the silenced and 
disgraced ministers for liberty of exercise of their government and 
discipline to be exempted from the prelates their adversaries, and to be 
made subject to lay magistrates. Thus much his Majesty has gathered 
by the beginning in so short a time of reading, and withal one thing that 
he makes sport at but says will move choler in your Lordship, that they 
vouch the authority of your book that none of that sort had ever disloyal 
thought. When his Majesty has read it he will send it to you to see if by 
the print you can find any means to discover the author or printer, 
except there chance to come any copy of it to your hands therewhiles 
whereby you may see what can be found. 

For answer to my Lord Cooke's letter about the prohibitions, it is thus 
as near as I can remember, being charged to do it precisely totidem 
verbis, as near as I could say it. First, that his Majesty is glad that there 
is no such prohibition with ante-date (if that fall out so), because he is 
not so ready to have occasion of offence against his ministers as glad 
of their good carriage. Secondly, that if there have been any granted at 
all, be it with or without ante-date, in term or out of term, since the last 
renewing of my Lord Sheffield's commission, it is an insolency, dis- 
honesty and contempt toward him which he cannot bear. For his 
Majesty charged the Judges then to forbear any at all to issue of their 
own authority and of course, but if there were any enormous matter or 
cause of extraordinary nature which that court had meddled with, they 
should acquaint his Majesty withal and he would not restrain where he 
should see cause. Which the Judges promised him to observe. Thirdly, 
that for the better clearing of this matter, which depends upon the dates 
of the prohibitions, his Majesty would have you to send presently to my 



146 

Lord Sheffield to require him to send up some of the counsel or other 
instructed in the particulars of these prohibitions, or else send the copies 
or notes and dates of them, for that it shall be one of the first things his 
Majesty will do at his return to try how the truth of it stands. And for 
speedy return of answer from his Lordship I was charged to send away 
the post this night, although Sir Roger be to go from hence early to- 
morrow and says he will be there as soon as any post. But his Majesty 
will not believe that. 

I have herewith returned to you certain privy seals I received from 
Mr Levinus. From the Court at Royston, this 18 Oct. at 10 at night. 
Holograph Endorsed: '1609.' Seal 2\pp. (128 10) 

Sir William Godolphin to the Lord High Treasurer 
1609, Oct. 19. — Having sometime heard your Lordship commend the 
goodness of such ambergris as is gathered on our western sands, I am 
bold to send you herewith a little poor piece, being the first that I could 
learn to have been found since my coming down, and of the best and 
purest kind as they tell me who take upon them to judge thereof. I think 
it needless to trouble you with report of my lost labour at Combmartyn, 
having formerly upon good inquiry and advice requested Sir Walter 
Cope to let fall that lease (if it may stand with your liking) and to take 
up my bond given in 200 1 to the patentees for performance of covenants. 
An honest merchant, my neighbour, newly come out of France, reports 
to have seen my Lord Cramborn in perfect good health about the 15th 
of last month at Bordeaux, where his Lordship stayed but a day or two 
and so passed on for Tolouse and Mompellier towards Marseille, with 
some 30 gentlemen and servants in his train. He adds that the English 
merchants of that town sent his Lordship a present, which he would in 
no sort accept in gift but paid them for it and caused them to dine with 
him at his own table; of which favour the reporter is not a little proud, 
being one of that company. He says further that his Lordship is well 
grown since his being in France, and that no marks of the small pox are 
seen upon his face 

I humbly beg of you to be delivered from the burden of a sheriff by 
your Lordship's breath in my favour to his Majesty, if at the next 
election my name shall either happen to be in the list or otherwise 
questioned for this heavy office. 19 Oct. 1609. 
Holograph Seal I p. (128 12) 

Sir A. Newton to the Earl of Salisbury, Lord High Treasurer 
[1609] Oct. 19. — After his Highness's return from hawking I acquain- 
ted him with your letter and advertisement, for which he has willed me to 
return his thanks. As he wishes that he may give as much joy and con- 
tentment unto his father as ever Prince Edward unto Edward 111, so he 
hopes that this State be never brought to that strict exigent that your 
brain be set a work for devising of such strange resolutions for relieving 
of it. If these be the Pope's courses to gain souls, his Highness says he 
thinks never to trust him with his. He will rather trust your Lordship 
with the care of his creation, which he imagines you have purposely 



147 

mentioned in your letter to let him know you do now and then think upon 
him. Richmond, this 19 Octob. 

Holograph Seal Endorsed: '19 October 1609. S r Andrew Newton to 
my Lord.' and below in another and (?) slightly later handwriting: 'Q. S r 
Adam.' \ p. (128 13) 

Dr Cuthbert Bambrygg, senior fellow of Christ's College. 

Cambridge, to the Earl of Salisbury, Chancellor of 

Cambridge University 

1609, Oct. 19. — Hear the complaint of a poor private and unknown 
man to your Honour, oppressed with calumnies and slanders. My right 
and interest by our Statutes to the Master's place of Christ's College, 
lately deceased, many here know and will acknowledge. The thing 
which made me renounce my interest to that place was not a guilty 
conscience, but want of opportunity to answer personally for myself 
before the time of the election, and of means near the Court to mitigate 
his Majesty's displeasure stirred up against me, as I have heard, by my 
adversaries. For these causes I was forced, the election drawing near, to 
give place to other competitors. My conversation in the University and 
College and conformity to the laws and statutes are well known to many 
in these places, and was well known to the Bishop of Bath and Wells, so 
long as he continued in the University. What my estimation is at this 
present in the University, the letters testimonial granted me of late 
under its common seal may testify. I have borne office in the University 
of the Proctor and Scrutator. I have been thrice chosen University 
Preacher for the Lady Margaret by the heads and governors of the 
colleges. 0, that I might obtain of your Honour that my adversaries be 
compelled to avow the things they have informed against me, and that 
they be committed to the hearing of Mr Vice-Chancellor, Dr Goad, 
Doctor Branthwaite and Doctor Cowell here, where we are known and 
witnesses may be produced! In the meantime, give no more credit to 
their malicious informations but protect me, destitute of all maintenance 
excepting my poor fellowship and preachership, and now in regard of the 
present estate of our College release my restraint. From the place of my 
restraint, the Bedell's house, 19 Oct. 1609. 
Holograph Seal I p. (128 14) 

Sir Thomas Lake to the Earl of Salisbury 
1609, Oct. 22. — I have now sent unto you by his Majesty's command- 
ment the book whereof I advertised you before, with many annotations 
of his Majesty's in the margin, which his Highness willed me to tell you 
he would have you at some time of your meetings impart unto my Lords 
of the Council; and take occasion thereby to fall into some consideration 
what is to be done for the suppressing of this animosity of theirs. For 
his Majesty will not believe that any would have presented such 
stomachous supplication except he had held himself assured of forty 
thousand men to make it good. His Majesty also persuades himself that 
Jacob is either the author or has his finger in it, and therefore desires you 
to let my Lord of Canterbury Know that, as it was he that let him go 



148 

when he was last in hand, his Majesty looks his Lordship should use his 
industry to apprehend him again, that thereby the author may be 
discovered. 

I have nothing else to trouble you with but my most humble thanks 
for excusing me, both by your letters and my Lord Haye's report and 
your honourable construction of my services. From the Court at 
Royston, 22 Oct. 1609. 
Holograph Seal l^pp. (128 15) 

The Archbishop of Canterbury to the Earl of Salisbury 
1609, Oct. 22. — I will not fail to wait upon my Lords at Whithalle 
tomorrow at 2 of the clock, and shall take order for Jacob's being there 
at that time. At Lamb[eth], 22 Oct. 1609. 
Holograph \p. (128 16) 

Viscount Lisle to the Earl of Salisbury 
1609, Oct. 22. — The day which you appointed for the cause between 
the King and Sir R. Dudley was the first Saturday in the term, whereof 
lest the adjourning of the term might breed any alteration I thought best 
to put you in mind, and am forced to do it by letter because my Lord 
Carew's absence ties me here to attendance. Hampton Court, 22 Oct. 
1609. 

PS. — The Queen sa}^ she will not remove till she hear from the King 
himself when and where he will have her come unto him. 
Holograph 1 p. (195 115) 

Lord Eure to the Earl of Salisbury 
1609, Oct. 23. — The return of my servant without any answer from 
you to the point of my last letters, and the answer your Lordship and 
Mr Chancellor have made to the reference from his Majesty, make me 
fear my suit is not very pleasing to you. But its reasonableness, and 
especially the constraint of my own estate, urges me once more to cast 
myself into your hands and beseech you to preserve my ruined estate 
from a main downfall. The suit concerns only such lands whose inheri- 
tances are without any right detained from his Majesty, which I labour 
to reduce and bring a rent for to his Majesty. My charges in the 
prosecuting and the sharers in the procuring considered, the benefit will 
not be such as it seems. Tickenhill House, 23 Oct. 1609. 
Signed Seal, broken 1 p. (128 17) 

Nicholas Smyth to the Earl of Salisbury 
1609, Oct. 23. — According to a former petition in July last herein 
enclosed, I pray to be privileged as far as the justice of my cause may 
move your Honour. 23 Oct. 1609. 
Holograph \p. (128 18) 

Sir Thomas Lake to the Earl of Salisbury 
1609, Oct. 23. — I received this morning commandment from his 
Majesty to write to you about the Queen's remove to Whitehall upon 



149 

Saturday next to this effect; that, as it was on the one side commodious 
for his Majesty's affairs to be there, so on the other if, after the Queen's 
coming and settling of her household, anything should happen amiss, it 
would be very troublesome to change. Wherefore he would have you 
advise with my Lord Chamberlain of it before it be put fully in ex- 
ecution. If you can discern that the fall of the sickness is like to con- 
tinue, his Highness can be pleased the remove hold, but if it be doubtful 
he had rather the Queen abode where she is a while longer. Because the 
certificate cannot come in before Thursday, I gather that his Majesty's 
meaning is that he would not have the remove so forward, but that if by 
this week's certificate there appear to be cause, it may be stayed without 
much trouble. 

His Majesty at the same time willed me to signify that whereas 
Pembreton, being charged with a sermon preached before him at 
Newmarkett, denies that he said anything that displeased his Highness, 
his Majesty having spoken with my Lord of Bath thought fit you should 
be advertised of the particular; which was, that taking occasion to speak 
of Puritans he said that the name of Puritans properly belonged to the 
Papists who thought they had power by their free will to fulfil the law of 
God, and not to those painful ministers who laboured in preaching the 
Word. Which speech his Majesty did not mark but he, being afterwards 
charged with it by my Lord of Bath, maintained it, and being asked why 
he called them painful and zealous preachers of the Word, affirmed it 
was true and they were so indeed. This the Bishop never uttered to his 
Majesty, but my Lord of Cranborn coming to Court and his Majesty 
asking him what news at Cambridge, he told his Highness that the 
speech was there that one Pembreton had preached to him in favour of 
the Puritans and silenced ministers, whereupon his Majesty took 
occasion to inquire of the matter. 

After I had written thus far I received your letters advertising the 
arrival of Count Solmes and other things, wherewith making his 
Majesty acquainted, he gave no further directions than before, but kept 
the copy of the Nuntio's letter, having once read it and said he would 
read it at more leisure. 

I purpose on Tuesday or Wednesday next to depart from hence and 
attend your Lordship. From the Court at Royston, 23 Oct. 1609. 
Holograph Seal 2\ pp. (128 20) 

The Same to the Same 
1609, Oct. 23. — Besides that which I wrote to your Lordship this 
afternoon concerning the remove of the Queen, his Majesty has willed 
me to signify further that if you find the sickness doubtful this week, 
besides the trouble of returning back if aught should happen after the 
Queen's being at Whitehall, his Majesty's absence and hers might serve 
for a kind of provocation to the Londoners to look better to the City, 
and to preserve it from infection lest it should give just cause to his 
Highness to absent himself oftener and longer than has been usual. 
Seeing now there is no occasion natural of continuance of the infection 
either by distemper of the air or weather, it can be imputed to none 
other cause that it thus haunts the City than their own negligence. Of 



150 

which argument, seeing your Lordship knows his Majesty is to speak to 
the Lord Mayor and some of his brethren, his Highness would have you 
consider of the time for it, which would be as soon as it might after his 
return from hence, whether the Court settle at Whitehall or Hampton 
Court. 23 Oct. 1609. 
Holograph Seal I p. (128 22) 

The Same to the Same 
1609, Oct. 24. — I received both your packets this morning early and 
caused his Majesty to be acquainted with them, being in his bed. From 
him I received by Sir Roger Aston this direction, that as it would be very 
late for his Highness after he receives your advertisement of the sick- 
ness, which cannot be here till Friday, to give any direction for the 
Queen, and for that his Highness has no will to be from home on All 
Hallow eve but to be settled the night before, he therefore thinks it best 
that his own remove from hence continue as he purposed it on Friday or 
Saturday to Theobalds; and concerning the Queen to leave it to your 
Lordships' judgments in this manner, that in case you find by the 
certificate on Thursday that either the sickness falls aught or is in places 
not so near the Court of Whitehall but that your Lordships shall be of 
opinion her Majesty may be safely there, then without sending to his 
Majesty to remove her to Whitehall either Saturday next or Monday. 
When his Majesty is at Theobalds he shall hear what your Lordships 
have thought good and where he shall find her on Monday night next, 
either at Whitehall or Hampton Court, there he purposes to be. This 
course his Majesty thinks may best fit all turns because the carts that 
remove the Queen are not to be used for his remove, and your Lordships 
shall have time to discern whether it be fit to remove the Queen or no. 
From the Court at Royston, 24 Oct. 1609. 
Holograph Seal \\pp. (128 23) 

Sir Humfrey Weld to the Earl of Salisbury 
1609, Oct. 25. — I received your letter signifying his Majesty's in- 
clination for the establishing of a Company of Merchants to trade for 
France. I have imparted his pleasure therein to the Governors of the 
several Companies of Merchants in the City, who have returned me their 
certificates of the names of such merchants as are willing and desirous 
upon reasonable conditions to be united in that trade. I send them 
herewith by Mr Dyos, whom we have chosen in the place of Mr Edmonds 
to attend your commands. We pray you vouchsafe him hearing in the 
City's affairs. I acknowledge your most noble favours towards me and 
the City in this past year of my weak service. 25 Oct. 1609. 
Signed lp. (195 116) 

The Archbishop of York to the Earl of Salisbury 
1609, Oct. 26. — Accept in good part my answer to your letter in 
favour of Mr Dr Ingram to succeed Sir John Benet in the commissary- 
ship of my exchequer at York, wherein I was contented at your request 
to benefit him. 



151 

Concerning your letter of the 20th of this month about the contribu- 
tion for the aid to be yielded by the clergy in this province; that their 
charge be not further extended than according to the true meaning of 
his Majesty's commission, and their ability; as my brethren must 
acknowledge themselves greatly bound for your care over them, so can 
I not yet get any of the Commissioners (among whom I am none) to 
confer withal, some being not well at ease, some gone up to the term, 
and some following that service in the more remote parts of this shire. 
Therefore I must defer the execution of your favourable direction till 
better opportunity. I desire to understand whether I shall send to such 
Commissioners as I cannot speak with a copy of your whole letter, which 
I think would give best satisfaction to them, and contentment to the 
poor clergy. Cawood Castle, 26 Oct. 1609. 

PS. — Your postscript so long and so loving has exceedingly confirmed 
my former opinion and recomforted my heavy heart touching T[obie] 
M[atthew]. For albeit I was even at the first persuaded that he could 
never be so flagitious as to have any hand or finger in that godless and 
graceless work, yet could I not but extraordinarily grieve at such 
malicious and opprobrious rumours as ran upon him here and there, 
both the matter and form considered. Whereof that he is now at last so 
rightfully acquitted, my prayer with tears is and shall be for ever that 
he may be most thankful to God and you, to whom he rests so deeply 
bound for himself, and I for him, poor silly seduced soul, no less beholden. 
How high and happy a service to his Majesty and the State is the 
discovery of the very author and traitor himself. It is the Lord's bene- 
diction on your religious labours. Let me end with a thousand thanks 
for your kind acknowledgment of me as your old acquaintance. 
Signed, the postscript being wholly in the Archbishop's hand 1 p. (195 
117) 



John Ryce and William Norms to the King 
1609, Oct. 26.— Keepers of the Southwalk in Enfield Chace. For 

allowance for winter food for the deer. Undated. 

Note by Sir Julius Caesar: that the King refers the petition to Lord 

Cranborne. The Court at Whitehall, 26 Oct. 1609. 

I p. (P.725) 



Lord Carew to the Earl of Salisbury 
[1609, Oct. 28.] — This morning her Majesty sent a gentleman to see 
how I did. I have desired her leave to be absent for this day. She 
commanded me to speak with you of a suit made by some of her servants, 
and to pray your opinion whether she shall hearken to it or no. It is for 
the pardon of Jenninges the pirate, which was taken by the Earl of 
Tomond in Ireland, for which 1000 l is offered. The gentleman could not 
resolve me whether the Queen also intended to sue for his goods; and I 
doubt that my Lord Admiral is by his office interested therein. Let me 
know what answer I shall make. Undated. 
Holograph Endorsed: '28 Oct. 1609. ' 1 p. (195 118) 



152 

Thomas Holland to the Earl of Salisbury 
1609, Oct. 30. — Here is now arrived a ship of Amsterdam called the 
Half Moone, of the burthen of 70 tons or thereabouts, whereof one 
Henry Hudson, an Englishman late of London, is master. I understand 
of him that in March last he was set forth out of Amsterdam by the East 
Indian Company there for discovery of the North -East passage. He 
proceeded as far as the coast of Nova Zembla and was in 72 degrees. 
His company, who are all Flemings besides himself and two others, 
being unable to endure the cold, he altered his voyage, and passing by 
the northern parts of Scotland directed his course for the coast of 
America and came to the Banks on the coast of Newfoundland, from 
whence by stormy weather he was forced to put into Nova Francia, 
where he new masted his ship and so passed to a place called Cape 
Codd. From thence he sailed to the southward of the London Colony in 
Virginia, and trended that coast till he came to Cape Henry, and so 
sailed up into the bay of Chicepeicke. There having viewed the coast 
and the fashion and trending of the land, he came forth out of that bay 
to the northward, and says that near about the middest of the two 
English colonies on that coast he discovered a goodly river, into the 
which he sailed with his ship fifty leagues up and found by his sounding 
there that the same is navigable with any ships whatsoever, and that 
this river, as far up as he was therein, does ebb and flow with a strong 
current, rises with the flood some five foot high and is of a good breadth. 
He says that the people there have great plenty of their country corn 
and other victuals. For that it seemed to me, by conferring with him, 
that he has discovered some especial matters of greater consequence 
which he would not impart, finding him also a man of experience and 
well known, as he told me, to Sir Walter Cope and Sir Thomas Challener, 
and for that also I understand that for his necessary occasions he is to 
stay here ten days and upon advice, which he expects from a Dutchman 
in London, being furnished with some necessaries here, intends to 
return again to the coast of America, I have thought myself bound in 
my especial duty to advertise your Honour of these things. Dartmouth, 
30 Oct. 1609. 

Signed Seal \<p. (128 24) 

Postal endorsements: 'Received at Aishberton by a half an hour past 
eleven of the clock the last of October. Received at Excether about 4 
the clock in the afternoon. R. at Honyton before 8 at night the last of 
October. This letter broken before it came at Honyton. Rec. at Sheir- 
borne the 1 of November at 7 in the morning. Rec d at Shaston 12 
o'clock morning. Rec d at Andover at ten at night being Wednesday. 
Received at Basingstoke the 2 of November past eight in the morning. 
Rec. at Hartford Bridge the 2 of November past eleven o'clock. Re- 
ceived at Stanes the second of November past 6 at night.' 

Thomas Jegon, Vice-Chancellor, to the Earl of Salisbury, 
Chancellor of the University of Cambridge 

1609, Oct. 31. — Mr Bambrigge is yesterday gone up to attend your 
Lordship. I durst not hold him here from the hearing, judging it was 
your pleasure to have him appear there to answer with the rest. I gave 



153 

direction also that Mr Power should bring up the original statutes. I 
doubt not but they will both be there this night. The King's letters to 
the Fellows I sent up before to Doctor Mountaingue by Mr Carrew. 
Cambridge, Octobris ultimo, 1609. 
Signed \p. (128 25) 

Captain Avery Philips to the Lord High Treasurer 
[1609, Oct.]— Has known France a long time, and travelling of late 
unto Aunio and hearing the cry of the poor peasants there molested 
with a great number of wolves, sought means to obtain a licence for the 
killing of them, where he practised a device to kill great store of them. 
So that sundry times comes the wild boar in with all sorts of that kind, 
so that he could furnish his Honour with a number of them, both young 
and old, sufficient to furnish a park, which he will undertake loyally to 
accomplish. Undated. 
Holograph Endorsed: 'Octo., 1609.' \ p. (128 26) 

Lucy, Marchioness of Winchester, 
to the Earl of Salisbury, her uncle 
[1609, Oct.]— Thanks his Lordship that it pleased him to vouchsafe 
his letter to grace her authority over her son, the copy whereof she 
received from Sir William Cornwallis. If it work not more his temper 
and obedience, she will despair ever to have comfort of him. Prays that 
the bearer, Sir Anthonie Mayne, be given leave to deliver the effect of her 
humble desires. Undated. 
Holograph Endorsed: 'October 1609.' I p. (128 27) 

Adrian Gilbert 

[1609,(?) Oct.]— The state of the case in the action between Sir Henry 
Hobart, knight, Attorney- General, plaintiff, and Adrian Gilbert, esquire, 
defendant in the Exchequer Chamber. 

The defendant being possessed for divers years yet to come of the site 
and capital messuage of Sandridge and of certain lands called Blynd- 
wells, co. Devon, in anno 38 Eliz. made over his estate therein to Sir 
Wa. Ralegh, his half-brother, upon trust to the use of the defendant. 
In 41 Eliz. Sir Wa. Ralegh, in discharge of the trust, regranted his 
interest and term to the defendant, who has always been in actual 
possession of the premises. 

Sir Wa. Ralegh being attainted, and the King having graciously given 
his goods and chattels to Jo. Shelbery and Robert Smyth to the use of 
Sir Wa[lter], the said Sir Wa. Ralegh, Shelbery and Smyth plotted with 
one English, who pretended title to the premises, and privily procured 
an inquisition and seizure of the said lands in the King's name, suggest- 
ing that Sir Walter Ralegh was possessed thereof at the time of his 
attainder, and had also a vendicione exponas, which was afterwards 
stayed by the Court, and the defendant was admitted to his traverse. 
Thereupon Sir Wa. Ralegh sued the defendant in the name of Mr 
Attorney-General both in the Exchequer and the Exchequer Chamber, 
not only against his own act and deed made to the defendant, but also 
against his letters and acknowledgment to some of the Lords of the 

CM— M 



154 

Privy Council, when he expected to die. Alleging that he was dis- 
possessed of the lands by the said English at the time of his said grant 
to the defendant, he seeks against his own grant to draw the possession 
again to himself at the time of his attainder, thereby to entitle his 
Majesty to the use of himself, or else to set afoot the pretended title of 
English, having combined with him to defeat the defendant. 

The defendant pleaded to issue in the Exchequer, and thereupon they 
sued out a nisi prius and put him to great charges in attendance with 
counsel and witnesses at the Assizes. By misinformation of the Court 
they obtained an injunction to take the possession from the defendant, 
but the Court upon true information dissolved the injunction. 

Afterwards the defendant was enforced to answer in the Exchequer 
Chamber upon his oath and to join in commission, which cause now 
comes to hearing before the Lord Treasurer of England. 

By means of these double suits the defendant is at an intolerable 
charge and cannot make any benefit of the lands in respect the suits are 
prosecuted in his Majesty's name, whereas in truth it is to the use of Sir 
Walter Ralegh, and his Majesty's name abused therein. 

Further they have given out in speech that they will make the 
defendant sue m forma pauperis . Undated . 

Unsigned Endorsed: '1609. Mr Adrian Gilbert.' 1 p. (128 77) 
[See Cal. S. P. Bom., 1603-1610, P. 554.] 

King James 1 to the Privy Council 
1609, Nov. 1. — Concerning the petition of the merchants of the realm 
trading to the East Indies, that the importation of pepper into the 
kingdom by any others than themselves might be restrained. Pepper and 
other spices have heretofore been brought in by strangers and sold at 
high prices. Since the trading of the East India merchants they have 
been sold at lower rates. By continuance of their trade the greatest 
shipping of the realm is set a work, and much more great shipping built 
and is like to be than heretofore, if the merchants be not discouraged by 
the falling of prices to over low rates if the commodity is brought in by 
strangers, who will for a time vent the same at easier rates to drive the 
King's subjects from their trade. The King having resolved with his 
Council's advice to grant the said petition, the Earl of Salisbury, 
Treasurer of England, is hereby authorised to give order to the officers 
of ports in England and Wales that after November 2nd next no pepper 
be unladen in any port or creek within their several charges except by 
the merchants trading to the East Indies or their factors or deputies. 
Given under our Signet at our Palace of Westminster, the first day of 
November in the seventh year of our reign. 
Signed Seal Upp. (128 28) 

The Cinque Ports 

1609, Nov. 1. — Memorandum of papers delivered to Sir Ro. Cotton 
concerning Cinque Ports business, 1 Nov. 1609. 

One paper concerning the price of planks. Orders meet to be ob- 
served for the Navy. Directions for officers of the Army. Instructions 



155 

from my Lord Admiral to the Navy. Directions for the Navy drawn by 
the Lord Admiral and the Earl of Essex. Copy of the order of the Office 
of the Ordnance. The papers in number were 18. 
\p. (195 119) 

The Bishop of London to the Earl or Salisbury 
1609, Nov. 2. — The last of October a petition exhibited to the Lords 
of the Privy Council by Tho. Lathaite, prisoner in Newgate, was re- 
ferred to his consideration. Desired to wait on him yesterday, but 
hindered by want of health. The said Lathaite is so dangerous a man 
as is not fit to have his liberty upon bond. As soon as he shall recover 
a little strength he will attend his Lordship with some particulars 
concerning him. London House, 2 Nov. 1609. 
Holograph Seal \p. (128 29) 

George Abbott, Bishop Elect of Lichfield, 

to the Lord High Treasurer 

[1609] Nov. 2. — There came unto my hands this day a letter written 

from one Mr Barlowe, a prebendary of our Cathedral Church in Winton. 

Therein this is written which I have copied out and now send enclosed. 

Lambith, November 2. 

Holograph Seal Endorsed: '2 November 1609. Doctor Abbot to my 
Lord.' \<p. (128 31) 

The Enclosure 
Upon Sunday last between two and three o'clock in the afternoon, 
there was found by the market Cross at Winchester upon the ground a 
pardon of the Pope's dated four years since, printed in Spanish, unto 
this effect as Doctor Kercher, who read it, told me; a plenary remission 
of sins unto all those who would aid the Catholic King against infidels 
and heretics. Such as could not serve in person, if they would but 
contribute towards it and insert their names in the blank left for that 
purpose in the pardon, should obtain the like. In this blank was written 
Thomas Simons. Of this name we have two, both very evilly given, the 
elder a perfect recusant, the younger very dissolute and comes to church 
scant once in a year. The Recorder of Winchester has carried this 
pardon up with him. If this matter be well seen into, although some of 
ours seem to make small reckoning of it, it may prove a discovering of 
many pernicious practices. 
In the handwriting of Dr Abbott \p. (128 30) 

Levynus Munck to Roger Houghton 
1609, Nov. 2. — My Lord Treasurer has appointed me to call upon you 
for the'sum of 31 1 :13 8 :4 d which has been made over to Prague, to one 
whom his Lordship entertains there for the King's service. 2 Nov. 1609. 
Holograph \p. (213 35) 
Receipt at foot for this amount by John Castle 



156 

Jane Job son to the Earl of Salisbury 
1609, Nov. 7. — There is a Fellowship in Queen's College, Cambridge, 
proper only to Yorkshire and the diocese thereof, likely ere long to be 
void. Vouchsafe your letters unto the Master and Fellows of the said 
College in the behalf of my husband's nephew, Abdias Cole, that he may 
be preferred thereunto. He is Master of Arts of three years continuance 
in Trinity College, Cambridge, where first he was admitted. I am not only 
his aunt by marriage, but in younger years I held him for my child and 
bestowed his education. Wherein I am able I still endeavour his pre- 
ferment, allowing now unto him part of his maintenance. His father, 
being employed of long time in the suits and businesses of the town of 
Hull, was not unknown to your father, and I doubt not but your 
Honour's self does remember him. Brantingham, Nov. 7, 1609. 
Holograph \p. (128 32) 

Sir William Browne to the Earl of Salisbury 
1609, Nov. 8. — Is as yet unfit through weakness of hearing impaired 
by sickness and a cold to speak to his Honour or hear him speak. Prays 
his approbation in his suit for a pension. 8 Nov. 1609. 
Holograph Seal I p. (128 33) 

Lord Haddington to the Earl of Salisbury 
[1609, Nov. 8.] — On behalf of his friend Captain Lea, that he may have 
a reasonable end of his business, wherein his adversary has hitherto 
delayed him, and by his vexation and detainment of his right caused him 
to forfeit many bonds to his great loss and disadvantage. Prays that he 
may have a speedy trial. Undated 
Signed Endorsed: '8Novem. 1609.' \p. (128 34) 

The Earl of Salisbury to Viscount Cranborne 
[1609] Nov. 8. — I have received by Mr Houghton a letter of yours 
from Paris bearing date the 20th October, by which I perceive you are 
safely arrived there with all your company, which though it be the best 
part of your advertisement, yet it pleases me not a little to find how 
careful you have been to observe my direction for keeping a journal in 
French and under your own hand, both because in writing that which 
you have seen the matter is imprinted on you, and because it increases 
your knowledge in the language. Which course I pray you continue in 
some sort, though you travel not, for there cannot be a better exercise. 
For which purpose you can easily provide you a new paper book, though 
I keep this. 

I have heard of your expenses both at Marseilles, where you were so 
nobly entertained by that brave Duke [of Guise], as also at Geneva and 
elsewhere, which I commend in you and shall do ever upon so just 
occasion, desiring you to take this rule of me, that he is of a base mind 
that thinks money to serve for anything but for use. 

I have here many fair dogs and some pretty strange parrots, which if 
you will I can be content to send you to bestow upon any ladies or others 
to whom you are beholding, which you may pretend to be sent you from 
some of your friends here. 



157 

1 would be glad (seeing you are now returned) to speak with Mr Lyster 
or Mr Fynett, because I would truly know by them how your body and 
health serve you to take so long a journey as Venice, which I do much 
desire you should do to spend a year in Italy. Therefore I require you to 
send Mr Fynett to me, not that I trust one more than the other, but 
because I would show you so much of your father's fondness as to tell 
you truly that my mind would be unsatisfied if Lister should be from 
you whilst you are in foreign parts, considering in what stead he may 
stand you if you should be sick, upon which point now that I am fallen 
I will tell you one thing further which is reported, which I will not 
believe, and that is that you do use to go abroad into the town with 
English gentlemen] and Frenchmen, without either Lyster or Fynett 
with you. In which, if so it be, my trust is deceived in them, except they 
can plead sickness for the excuse of their absence. This I write not as 
thinking you a child, and yet you are no more man than divers others 
(both Princes in Germany, Earls of England and Scotland) are, over 
whom their fathers are so careful as the} 7 allow not the absence of such 
as they trust from them at any time, especially when they are out of 
their own doors, whereof I can speak by good experience; for when I 
travelled first and was 24 years old, my Lord sent with me Mr Richard 
Spencer, that lay next chamber to me and never parted from me, to 
which if you will say I was not married, you may well remember my 
Lord of Essex, from whom Mr Wingfield never parted, and many others 
ma} T so as well as you. 

Thus have I told you what I think of all things which I will end still 
with this plain song, that you will never be good Frenchman as long as 
you find not the means to rid yourself of English resort, which I leave to 
your own wit to help and will not hide from you, that I know you can do 
it if y ou list. 

I saw your wife, who is a goodly young lady, kind to you and modest 
in her carriage, refusing to come to Court or London as places she will 
take no pleasure in during the time of her virginal widowhood. Your 
sister is also prettily grown, but it is you that I harken after for that and 
dare not ask, lest the reports which are made of your stature should come 
short of my expectation, and yet for all my saying come home short or 
long, so your religion be good, your body not marred with any disorder, 
nor yet mind barren of moral virtue, you shall lack nothing you can 
desire that is within my power, nor be other than most welcome to. 
Whitehall, this 8th of November. 
Signed Endorsed: '8Novemb. 1609.' 3 pp. (228 30a) 

Dudley Norton to Roger Houghton 
1609, Nov. 12. — My Lord has commanded me to send to you for 20 l , 
which I am to deliver to Mr Wilford for some service he has done to the 
State. 12. Nov. 1609. 
Holograph I p. (213 36) 
Receipt for the amount at foot, signed by Cuthbert Stilling fleet. 

Sir Arthur Maynwaringe to the Earl or Salisbury 
[1609, Nov. 13.]— Upon the mere trust from Sir Francis Wolley to Mr 
Jarvis, by him acknowledged before you, I expected a fair and speedy 



158 

end of my business. Out of the presumption of his friends, and his 
indirect courses, I am enforced to be a suitor for a further order in my 
behalf; wherein his courses breed such delay, and I know it no way fit 
my private occasions should debar the proceedings of the King's service. 
I entreat your warrant to any of the clerks for the executing of the place 
till some end is made of my suit, which much concerns me in my slender 
fortunes. Undated 

Holograph Endorsed : 'Sir Arthur Mainwaring : rel3.Nov.1609.' I p. 
(107 120) 

King James I to the Earl of Salisbury 
1609, Nov. 13. — Warrant directing him to give order to the officers of 
the ports of Chester, Bristol and other places that such provisions as 
pitch, tar, ropes, etc, which the Master of the Ordnance in Ireland shall 
make from time to time for the King's use, be transported into Ireland 
free of any custom, subsidy or other duty. Given under our Signet at 
our Palace of Westminster, the thirteenth day of November in the 
seventh year of our reign. 
Signed \p. (128 35) 

Dr Thomas Nevile to the Earl of Salisbury 
1609, Nov. 14. — This year the body of our University has made choice 
of me to be their Vice-Chancellor. From Christ's Church, Canterburie, 
14 Nov. 1609. 
Signed Seal \p. (128 36) 

The Earl of Dunfermline to the Earl of Salisbury 
1609, Nov. 15. — This bearer, Mr [Edm] Doubledaye, bringing unto 
me this morning the standard piece of fine gold to be used in Scotland, 
gave me thanks for my remembrance of him in my letters to your Lord- 
ship, when he came from the mine in Scotland, and acknowledged that 
he had since received divers favours at your hands. He has now a suit 
for your favour in giving leave to an offer, very lately made unto him, 
for the better enabling of him in his Majesty's service, for the effecting 
whereof I desire your furtherance . 1 5 Nov . 1 609 . 
Signed Small seal \p. (128 37) 

Sir Thomas Lake to the Earl of Salisbury 
1609, Nov. 18. — After his Majesty's return from his sports this 
evening I had opportunity to present your letters, those from Venice and 
the bill for the Queen, which because your Lordship writes to be hastened 
I have sent away by the post. I presented also at the same time the 
letter to the King of Denmark, which his Majesty perused and liked and 
so signed it, saying he discerned in it the character of your direction in 
the wariness of the answer. His Highness willed me to let you know that 
he thought fit you did \vrite also, and that the King would take it else 
unkindly. In your letters his Highness wished this to be mentioned, be- 
sides that which is contained in his own letters, that it has appeared in all 
the Parliaments of England that there has been nothing more attended 
unto than the keeping up of the credit of the cloth of England and the 
enlarging of the making of it; and that, if such a thing were to be granted 



159 

as is desired, this were no fit season, the Parliament being so near and at 
this time the people here being much grieved with the decay of clothing 
for want of vent into foreign parts; and further that you would aggrav- 
ate the condition of the man no way fit or likely to give the King 
satisfaction in that which he pretends, and that it has been found here 
to be a common custom of such men of desperate estate to offer service 
to other States only of purpose to get money, which when they have got, 
to cozen them. 

His Majesty commands me also to advertise you that he had been 
informed by my Lord Chancellor of Scotland of what had passed in the 
last days' work about Sir John Kennedy, and how it was agreed that he 
should take his oath for satisfaction of your Lordships in the point of 
his former marriage; which his Lordship said he thought was ere this 
time performed by my Lord of Canterbury. This his Highness says is a 
matter which, if he had forethought, he would have hindered, for my 
Lord of Canterbury cannot take an oath but as a High Commissioner or 
as an archbishop having ordinary jurisdiction, in both which kinds he is 
as a judge, and his Highness thinks it not reasonable that the oath 
should have been given here judicially for a matter already transacted 
in Scotland. He would have had it taken by my Lords of his Privy 
Council mixed of both nations for their satisfaction how to proceed in 
the rest of the controversy. But seeing it is done his Highness has 
nothing now to say but this, that seeing your Lordships all affirmed to 
his Highness that, in case Sir John did clear himself in that point by his 
oath, you would take it for satisfaction and would enter no further into 
dispute of the marriage. His Highness thinks fit, that part being per- 
formed, you should appoint one day more to have them with their 
learned counsel before you, and letting the other party see how little 
foundation they have to insist any longer upon hope of a dissolution of 
the marriage, to move them to agreement for the rest of that which is 
controverted, either by reconciliation, if that may be, or by partition 
upon reasonable terms indifferent to both. If it may be agreed before 
your Lordship, his Highness will be glad. Else, he desires to be ad- 
vertised what shall be the points of the breach, what you shall propose 
as indifferent to both, what shall be accepted of either and what stood 
upon. 

I have thought good to return to you the dispatch of Venice. Both 
now and yesterday his Majesty willed me to know of you what was 
become of the Puritan book quoted with his Majesty's hand, which was 
sent you the last time his Majestv was here. From the Court at Rovston, 
18 Nov. 1609. 
Holograph 3 pp. (128 38) 

The Earl of Montgomery to the Earl of Salisbury 
1609, Nov. 18. — On behalf of Tho. Wood, who he understands from 
his cousin Mountague, the Recorder of London, is petitioning for a 
searcher's place. Wood has had long experience in Customs causes, and 
the writer has found him 'very painful' in many services for him. 18 vo 
No: 1609. 
Signed \p. (128 40) 



160 

The Earl of Montgomery to Viscount Cranborne 
[1609] November 20.— 'I am very glad to heare of youre safe returne 
to Paris after youre long jurny.* Yeat never the les I could not chuse 
but send this berer to see how you dooe, because the comon relation 
that I heare of j^ou by strangers will not give mee satisfaction which 
mad mee send this servant of mine, because I desier to know perticulerly 
from youre owen (sic) mouth how you have don since I saw you. And I 
beseech youre Lordship that you will pardon mee that I doe not wright 
oftener unto you, but I doe asure my selfe youre Lordship is so well 
satisfied of my afection unto you, that you will not thinke my love the 
les for failing in a compliment, for to them I love best I ever youse 
fewest.' From the Court at Whithall, the XX of November. 
Holograph Two seals on pink silk 1 p. (200 6) 

King James I to the Earl or Salisbury 
1609, Nov. 20. — Perceiving by your report of the examination taken 
of the proceedings in the late election of Pemberton to be Master of 
Christ College in Cambridge, that the same election is found to be void, 
two of the ancientest doctors of the same University, Doctor Gode and 
Doctor Tindale, concurring in that opinion, so as now the election being 
devolved to you as Chancellor, you have desired to know whom we shall 
be pleased to have placed there; we have thought good to let j^ou under- 
stand that, being desirous to preserve the statutes of the house and the 
true intentment of the founders, we have considered of all those who are 
now Fellows resident in the house, and finding that amongst them that 
for years are capable there is doubt of their disposition towards the 
public peace of the Church, we have inquired what other persons there 
be, living abroad, who have been of the foundation and are eligible by 
the statutes. Of that kind we have found these persons, Doctor Clerk, 
Doctor Wylleth, Doctor Downham and [Valentine] Care}', Bachelor of 
Divinity, being all for their j^ears, learning and other good parts very 
fit for the place. Of them our choice inclines to Carey, for that he is a 
single man without charge of wife or children, a condition which we think 
prefers him who has it in the choice of a headship of a house before other 
concurrents, ceteris paribus, for it gives him less cause of diverting the 
revenues of the house to private uses, and has besides less occasion of 
offence and scandal amongst j^outh than marriage has. Given under our 
Signet at Royston, the twentieth day of November in the seventh year 
of our reign, etc. 
Signed I p. (128 41) 

Sir Julius Caesar to the Earl of Salisbury 
[1609, Nov. 20.] — I am now informed that the books which were 
yesterday at the house of the Sp.[anish] Ambassador are now carried 
from thence, and in the way were intercepted by W.U. I advertise you, 
to avoid further care in that search. Undated. 

Holograph Endorsed : 'Mr Chancellor of the Duchy. 20 Nov. 1609.' 
\V (195 120) 

* Viscount Cranborne returned to Paris on October 30, 1609. See infra pp. 112-113. 



161 

Phillipp Cotton to the Earl of Salisbury 
[1609, Nov. 23]. — Returns thanks for Salisbury's gift of 150 1 . Undated. 
Holograph Endorsed: 'Re. 23 Nov. 1609.' I p. (195 113) 

Lord Sheffield to the Earl of Salisbury 
1609, Nov. 29. — Asks his favour for the enclosed petition from a poor 
man of this city, whose living consists chiefly in furnishing great quanti- 
ties of 'pewther' upon extraordinary occasions, as at the Assizes and 
other times of great assembly. York, 29 Nov. 1609. 
Signed Endorsed: 'Lo. Sheffeilde, in behalf of one Busfeld, a pewterer.' 
1 p. (195 124) 

Sir Thomas Lake to the Earl of Salisbury 
1609, Nov. 30. — The Lord Stafford came hither two or three days since 
and exhibited this petition and articles annexed to it, which you shall 
receive hereinclosed. Since, he has not been heard of, nor cannot be found 
to receive his answer. Wherefore his Majesty has commanded it to be sent 
to you. That which he has commanded to be written is, that for the 
person he knows him well. For the matter of his petition there be three 
things that his Highness observes in it meet to be looked unto; one, the 
lady's conversation with priests and recusants; the second, a wife's 
contestation and disobedience to her husband, which his Majesty can no 
way favour; the third, and of more moment, is the education of the child 
in religion adverse to the State. These three points, if they be proved 
true, his Majesty thinks are to be cared for. It pleased him that you 
should acquaint some of my Lords of the Council with it, and that the 
parties touched in the information be sent for and charged. When their 
Lordships have found how the case stands, he doubts not but they and 
you will give such order as you shall find to be convenient. From the 
Court at Newmarkett, this 30 Nov. 1609. 
Holograph Seal lp. (128 44) 

Sir Roger Aston to the Earl of Salisbury 
[1609, Nov.] — I am commanded by his Majesty to put you in mind of 
this gentleman, Mr Stouertt, whom his Majesty recommended to you as 
one he would have helped for his long service without reward either here 
or in Scotland. It is not his Majesty's meaning to give him presently out 
of his coffers, but by some other means as you shall think convenient. 
The sum of that his Majesty would bestow upon him is about a thousand 
pounds. From Tibboles, this Monday morning. 

Holograph Seal, broken Endorsed: 'No: 1609. Sir Roger Aston by Mr 
Stewart.' \p. (128 45) 

Sir Edward Hoby to the Earl of Salisbury 
[1609, Nov.] — -I presume to send you a bag of papers better known to 
me by superscriptions than contents. I desire my man may deliver it to 
your own hands. I hope to wait on you within few days, new come to 
town. Undated 
Holograph Seal Endorsed: 'Re. No: 1609.' | p. (128 46) 



162 

Lady Norreys to the Lord Treasurer 
[1609, Nov.] — It was lately told me by one near about my Lord Norris 
that he should say, when he heard of the sale of the land which my sisters 
and myself lately sold, that, though the land were gone, yet he would 
either have my part of the money or what land soever should be bought 
with it to his own use. Many other speeches he used expressing his 
unkind determinations towards me. Comparing his former hard usage 
with his present intentions drives me into despair, neither know I how 
to avoid his threats but by the continuance of your Lordship's wonted 
favour. Undated 

Holograph Seal Endorsed: 'Nov. 1609. Lady Norris to my Lord. 
Readde.' I p. (128 47) 

Katherine, Lady Sidley, to the Earl of Salisbury 
[1609, Nov.] — Finding herself and her fatherless children overwhelmed 
with wants by reason of their estate being wrongfully kept from them, 
and her husband imprisoned for debt grown by means of their fruitless 
attendance upon the hope of having the same redressed, is forced to 
bemoan herself to his Lordship. Does not hope for more at his hands 
than to be relieved with some part of that owing to her by Queen 
Elizabeth, for she is the poor grandchild of a Lord Treasurer who was 
not the meanest of his place. It is therefore the harder for her to beg of 
any but his Majesty, by whose authority not only the right of herself, 
due from or by the 'offeralls' is kept from her, but also the inheritance of 
her children given away, as she hears, to others of no better desert than 
their deceased father. Takes this however to be report only of those who 
would gladly have it so. Craves his patronage in regard there is now 
none of the Council to whom the long services to the State of the father 
of her children are so well known. Undated 

Holograph Seal Endorsed: 'Nov. 1609. Lady Sidley.' 1% pp. (128 
48) 

Sir Thomas Lake to the Earl of Salisbury 
1609, Dec. 1. — I acquainted his Majesty this morning with your letters 
which arrived early. He is sorry for the return of the Irishmen, but 
commends the care you have of so quartering them as they may be kept 
from doing hurt, for else his Majesty sa,ysfie7it posterior a pejora prioribus . 
I thought it not amiss to inform you that Sir Alexander asked my opinion 
this morning (for the news of their return was here yesternight brought 
by some Scottishmen) whether you would liice that the Irishmen might 
be taken by a gentleman of Scotland, a sufficient man, and carried over 
to the Marquis of Brandeburg. I told him I was able to give no 
judgment, for that I knew not how that could be handled without mak- 
ing show on the King's part of engaging himself into that cause, whereof 
perhaps his Majesty had not yet taken resolution. If it might be done by 
stealth, the country were well rid of them and Ireland well discharged of 
as many more against the spring, and with less charge than keeping these 
here this winter. If you like to hear of that motion, I will tell Sir Alex- 
ander Hay of it. 

His Majesty at the same time delivered me a letter received from the 
Duke of Curland with hawks, in which is also an advertisement that the 



163 

forces of Pole and Sweeden have fought in Lifeland and the Sweedens 
lost the battle, and that within two days after the Polacks reconnoitred 
a strong fort called Dunemond. 

His Majesty also delivered me a petition of Mr Williams, this gentle- 
man, delivered to his Highness by my Lord of Montgomery, Doctor 
Craig being also present and speaking on his own behalf. But his 
Majesty's direction was that either yourself or Mr Chancellor or else my 
Lords of the Council, if you saw cause, should hear the cause and do that 
in it that was reason and fitting for his Majesty's honour, and yet help 
Doctor Craig to something by way of composition. They have heretofore 
offered him two hundred pounds, but he is a wilful man. 

It pleased his Majesty, upon your advertisement of the departure of 
Sir Tho: Smith, to speak of his former promise to me of the place of 
Secretary for the Latin tongue. If you remain in the same mind to think 
me fit for it, I beseech you to signify so much to confirm his Majesty in it. 

The hunting match is put off till next week and skilful men thought 
not like to be tried afore Christmas, for they must have three fit days 
together, which at this time of the year are hard to meet but that either 
frost or rain shall hinder. 

I hear of more pensions but not from the King, but from the parties 
that say they are promised and to know if order be given. From the 
Court at Newmarkett, this first of December 1609. 

PS — I have not written any reference upon the petition because 1 
would first understand whether your Lordship will take so much pains 
as by yourself and Mr Chancellor to hear the matter depending in the 
Exchequer, or have it directed to my Lords of the Council in general. 
Holograph Seal 2% pp. (128 49) 

Nicholas Smithe to the Earl of Salisbury 
1609, Dec. 4.— Although the Exchequer Court please not to enlarge 
me, being committed by the Court of Requests for matter of my ex- 
ecutorship, yet I pray your Honour in commiseration to grant my 
humble suit hereinclosed. 4 Dec. 1609. 
Holograph \p. (128 52) 

The Enclosure 

The humble petition of Nicholas Smith succeeding his father, cus- 
tomer of Yarmouth, and one of his executors. 

The King has referred the consideration of petitioner's usage in his 
customership and executorship to the Lord Treasurer, as he did to the 
late Lord Treasurer. His Majesty being then informed of Mr Auditor 
Kinge's certificate, made in December 1602, according to the Lord 
Treasurer's direction, containing the true state of petitioner's customer- 
ship and executorship, the fine imposed upon him for matter of his 
customership in the Exchequer Chamber was stayed, and it was 
ordered that he might there exhibit his bill for the lease of houses of the 
testator's then in question, and should have the aid of the Court therein, 
and for all other his just debts by examination of witnesses and other 
ways. 



164 

As Mr William Harboowne is the chief cause that he cannot obtain 
some quiet end in the matter of the executorship, petitioner prays that 
order be given to Mr Baron Altham and Sir Christopher Parkins, knight, 
one of the Masters of Requests, to report the true state of the said 
controversies, whereby the Lord Treasurer may be moved to appoint his 
cause to be heard upon proof extant in the Exchequer only. 
1 71 the handuriting of petitioner lp. (128 51) 

Sir William Uvedale and Adrian Stoughton to the Privy Council 
1609, Dec. 5. — We received your letters dated 20 November last 
directed to us and Francis Cotton, esq. and commanding us to repair to 
the Isle of Haylinge, co. Southampton, there to take order that certain 
goods in a ship lately cast in by tempest and by your Lordships sus- 
pected to be a pirate be inventoried and put in safe keeping, and that 
some of the chief of the company be sent up to your Honours. Mr 
Cotton not being by want of health able to perform that service, Ave have 
repaired to the said Isle where we find the ship spoilt by tempest, and by 
the examination of the master and mariners that there had been in the 
ship seven and twenty tons of claret wine. But twenty two tons were 
instantly, before we received your command, conveyed away by one 
Owyn Jennyns of Portsmouth by consent of the master, and so much by 
him bargained for at the rate of 12 1 the ton, as the master should have 
occasion to sell for the repair of his ship and other expenses. We find 
also two ton more in the custody of Mr John Bellingham by our com- 
mandment, by virtue of your letters. The residue, the shipmen all say, 
was spoilt and the vessels broken by the storm and tempest whereby 
their shipwreck happened. They also affirm that many of the vessels of 
wine in the custody of Owyn Jennyns are not above half full. We find 
there were but six persons in the ship, whereof four were men and the 
other but boys. The men we have examined as by their examinations, 
which herewith we send, may appear. And for that your pleasure was to 
have some of them sent to you, we have sent John Petre, the master and 
part owner of the ship, and Elyn Revellyon, the master's mate. The 
other being but simple people we thought not fit to trouble you with. 
We have commanded Owyn Jennyns to see the wine in his custody safe 
kept and a lock to be set upon the door where it lies in Portesmouth. 
until your farther pleasure known. We have also sent the letter of 
advice which the master affirms was sent by the merchant owner of the 
goods to him to whom the same was to be delivered, but the charter- 
party is conveyed away so that we could not see it; but Owyn Jennyns 
tells us the same was by him left in the Court of Admiralty in London. 
Haylinge, 5 Dec. 1609. 
Signed lp. (128 53) 

Sir Robert Stewart to the Lord High Treasurer 
1609, Dec. 6. — Whereas I am to give security for my true imprison- 
ment which was intended to be taken to the bailie's use for his indemnity. 
the bailie says the contrary and that the same cannot be of the law. 
Judge Crooke affirms that it may. It appears, as the bailie informs me, 
that no bond can be taken in his name in this case of execution, but it 



165 

may be taken in his Majesty's name. This, however the matter may 
stand, I beseech you may be presently effected. The names who are to 
be my sureties are these; Sir James Creichton, Sir John Kenned}', Sir 
William Morgane in Monmouthshire, knight, Richard Vaus of Odiam, 
esq, and Thomas Goodale, citizen of London. From the Bailie's house 
in the Strand, 6 Dec. 1609. 
Signed Seal I p. (128 54) 

Sir Alexander Hay to [the Earl of Salisbury] 
[1609] Dec. 6. — By my last I certified your Lordship that Leslye, the 
arrester of Sir Robert Stewart, was sent for to Court. He came this 
afternoon, and my Lord Dounbar by his Majesty's direction signified to 
him that he had done wrong in troubling Sir Robert for that debt, since 
these sums granted to the Lord Lindores when a prisoner were only for 
payment of that debt. Leslye's oft rehearsal of the hard estate of the 
children of Lord Lindores, being twelve in number and sister's children 
to Sir Robert and most of them left unprovided, showed that whatever 
his Majesty's intent was in the payment of these sums, Lord Lindores 
no other ways accounted but as given to him for a reward of his own 
services, and that it was so acknowledged by Sir Robert; in regard that 
after the creditors' satisfaction and Lord Lindores was in Scotland, this 
Leslye was by him directed in commission to Sir Robert, who then 
authorised a judgment, upon which this execution proceeds, and since 
that time has ever entertained this same Leslye with hopes that he 
would satisfy him. His Majesty has been late forth at hawking, and my 
Lord Dounbar was unwilling to trouble him with this matter this night; 
only by reason of that letter which he sent this same day to your Lord- 
ship anent that matter, uncertain what course his Majesty will resolve 
upon, the case standing thus, did therefore will me by these lines to 
desire you to continue all relieving of Sir Robert until his Majesty's 
pleasure therein be known, which, God willing, shall be advertised 
tomorrow at night. Newmarkett, 6 Dec. 
Holograph Endorsed: 'WW.' \\pp. (128 55) 

The Navy 
[1609, Dec. 8.] — Estimates for the Nonsuch to be manned with 250 
men and the Wastspight with 300 men, to be continued at sea by the 
space of twelve months. Treasurer of the Navy. 

Nonsuch Wastspight 

For the sea wages at the rate of 14 8 
per mensem for the whole twelve 

months. £2100: 0: 0. £2520: 0: 0. 

For prest, conduct and presting 
charges of the men and for conduct 
in discharge to them at their return. 

attherateof6 9 6 d perman. 65: 0: 0. 81: 5: 0. 

For grounding, graving, sheathing 
and putting into serviceable order 
the said ships, by estimation. 500: 0: 0. 500: 0: 0. 



166 



Nonsuch Wastspight 



For harbour and rigging wages of 
120 men by the space of fourteen 
days to rig them and take in their 

victuals at 5 s per man 30: 0: 0. 30: 0: 0. 

For sail canvas and all manner of 

sea store during this employment 375: 0: 0. 450: 0: 0. 

For anchors, long boats, pinnaces, 
etc, for the said journey, by estima- 
tion 300: 0: 0. 300: 0: 0. 
For travelling charges to pay the 
companies at their return with 
divers charges incident thereunto, 
by estimation 



66: 13: 


4. 


66: 13: 


4. 


£3436: 13: 


4. 


£3947: 18: 


4. 



£282: 


11: 


0. 


£36: 


0: 


0. 


£2768: 


11: 


0. 



Memorandum: there is nothing demanded for any manner of cordage 
which is taken out of the store and the store supplied again by special 
privy seal; nor of the powder and munition which shall be issued out of 
the Office of the Ordnance. Victualler of the Navy. 
There is to be allowed for the victualling of 250 men 
336 days after the rate of 7 d the manner diem £2450: 0: 0. 

For an increase of charge in the last nine months in the 
biscuit, beer and cask being to be provided of an extra- 
ordinary goodness to continue and last (viz, 66,500 of 
biscuit at 12 d on each 100, 331; 5 9 , and for 277 ton of 
beer with cask at 18 s per ton, 2491 : Q e i n toto) 
For transportation of the said victuals, by estimation 
Total 

And if there be a ship appointed with 300 men, then 

the charge will be one-fifth part more, which is 

5531: 14 s : 2 d , and the whole charge £3322: 5: 2. 

The total charge both of wages and victuals will be for 

the 

Nonsuch £6205: 4: 4. 

Wastspight £7270: 3: 6. 

Signed: Robert Mansell, J. Trevor. Endorsed: '8th of December, 1609.' 
2 pp. (128 56) 

Lady Anne Brouncker to the Earl of Salisbury 
1609, Dec. 8. — She has found a poor suit which she is informed will 
be of some benefit to her. If it is not misliking to him, she purposes to 
present it to his Majesty. 'My lodging in King St.' 8 Dec. 1609. 
Holograph 1 p. (195 125) 

The Enclosure 
Lady Ann Brouncker, late wife to Sir Henry Brouncker, 

to the King 
Towards the payment of her great debts, for which her whole estate 
stands pawned, she begs for a lease for 21 years, at 20 1 rent, of all 



167 

underwoods, bushes, furze and trees growing on the King's highways, 
not being above 100 ft from the highway, not being any boundary or 
remarkable trees for passengers to travel by, and not already granted or 
demised or growing upon freehold. Undated. 
Petition I p. (195 126) 

Lady Anne Brotjncker, widow, to the King 
[1609, ? Dec. 8.] — Refers to the services of her late husband, President 
of Munster, which barbarous province he brought into civility and 
obedience of justice, and to hear God's word 2,000 in the towns. In that 
place he spent 4000 l more than it yielded him. For relief of herself and 
many children, she begs for the grant of such rents and profits as are 
reserved to the King by several grants for the impost of Ireland, and 
issues of jurors in England, for four or five years. Undated. 
Petition \p. (195 127) 

Shotover and Stow Wood 
1609, Dec. 10. — Certificate of the preservators and regarders of his 
Majesty's forest of Shottover and Stoewood. By a letter from the Lord 
High Treasurer to Lord Norreys, dated 26 November last, it appears 
that his Majesty is pleased to take some other course than heretofore for 
his profit from the coppices of the said forest. If his Majesty can let the 
coppices at the rate of 2 s an acre annual rent, they will afford him more 
profit than they do at this time. The coppices have been rated at this 
small sum on account of the daily spoils made by the poor inhabitants of 
Oxford and other adjoining towns, and in regard of many pretended 
privileges of common and preemption of the underwoods, the latter 
privilege being challenged by virtue of an order in the Exchequer made 
by Lord Treasurer Burleigh and Sir Walter Mildmaye. 10 Dec. 1609. 
Signed: Antho. Hore, Richard Hore, Richard Knight, fp. (128 58) 

Sir Griffin Markham to the Earl of Salisbury 

1609, Dec. 11. — It is said that one having told a senseless tale to Sir 
Tho. More, then Lord Chancellor of England, he bade him put it into 
verse that there might be rhyme in it, because else it was without rhyme 
or reason. 

I may be thought to bring as senseless a tale to your Lordship, now 
Lord Treasurer of England, and if I had not renounced all rhymes I 
might also be like to put it into verse. 

Yet when I call to mind that letter by which the powdered treason 
was discovered, and out of how dark words and how devilish meaning so 
divine a sense was gathered as saved all our lives, I thought good to 
certify this intelligence, consisting all of colours, namely green, white 
and grey, in which though my eye can discern no colour of danger, yet 
my zeal I have to the purple makes me propose them to sharper sights. 

Teter Green, a tall soldier in Ireland, and now serving Sir Griphin 
Markham in Bruxells, came into England a month since about his 
master's business. Being absent from London some few days he told his 
Lady he had been about the business of one Mr Whyte, a banished priest, 



168 

adding these fond words upon small occasion, viz; though my head be 
now turning grey, yet I doubt not to live to see this Whyte Abbot of 
Westminster.' 

The man that spake these words is as green in wit as in name, and has 
stronger bones than brains, so as I think him not like to be trusted with 
any matter of great consequence. 

What Mr Whyte is I cannot learn further than a religious man, and it 
may be he is as clear in mind as in name from any ill meaning to the 
State. 

Yet the words carrying a meaning of an expectance of such a change 
as is not like to fall without some great concussion of the State, I thought 
fit thus plainly to set down. 

Unsigned Addressed: Tor the Earl of Salisbury, Lord High Treasurer 
of England, XI« Decembris, 1609. Endorsed: 'Sir Griffin Markham.' 
I p. (128 59) 

King James I to the Earl of Salisbury 
1609, Dec. 13. — Warrant to order the officers of ports to permit 
Nicholas Wise to transport nine hundred ounces of wrought plate into 
Ireland without paying custom for the same. 'Given under our Signet 
at our Palace of Westminster, the 13th day of December in the seventli 
year of our reign.' etc. 

Signed by the King and countersigned by Sir Thomas Lake Seal \ p. 
(128 60). 

Sir John Spilman to the Lord High Treasurer 
1609, Dec. 13. — One Sir Raphe, a knight of the West country, having 
borrowed 600 1 in ready money of my brother-in-law John Vandenbemd 
and his brother John Delaett, for repayment thereof the said Sir Raphe, 
Sir Thomas Freeke and divers other stand bound. Sir Raphe goes about 
to procure a protection for himself and his sureties from his Majesty to 
defraud his creditors. I desire you to stay the granting thereof until he 
has first paid the said 600 1 or taken such order as my brother may be 
secured his debt. 13 Dec. 1609. 

PS — I had attended you last night in this matter but that I am very 
earnestly employed with my men about your work. 
Signed fp. (i28 61) 

Thomas Lyddell to the Earl of Salisbury 
1609, Dec. 13. — Sir William Stewarde, now at the haven here ready to 
take the first good wind with the Irish soldiers, required me to send 
'there ' dogs to you, which by this bearer, John Waller of London, I have 
taken order to deliver accordingly. Newcastle upon Tyne. 13 Dec. 1609. 
Holograph \p. (195 128) 

The Earl of Dunfermline to the Earl of Salisbury 

1609, Dec. 15. — I will discharge my duty in saluting your Lordship 

this far off, with advertisement of my safe return. We have no news nor 

occurrence here of any moment. All is very quiet and under good 

obedience. Within these two days has been 'headed' in this town a 



169 

special gentleman called Jhone Stewart, uncle paternal to the Earl of 
Murray, for the slaughter of a poor fellow committed by him two years 
since. [He] was but lately apprehended and has been used according to 
the laws and justice. Edinbrough, 15 Dec. 1609. 
Holograph I p. (128 62) 



Furniture Bill 
1609, Dec. 16. — 'W. Waverley's furniture bill against Mr Charles Brook.' 
2 pp. (145 205) 



Thomas Cambell. Lord Mayor of London, to the Earl of 
Salisbury 
1609, Dec. 19. — It pleased j r ou to make allowance to me of six tuns of 
wine free of impost, and to the rest of my brethren, the Aldermen, their 
several proportions in that nature. Notwithstanding, the farmers of the 
custom require of me 18" upon every tun, viz, 3 s for custom and 15 8 for 
composition money. Whereof, presuming that I am free in regard at this 
time I take not up my wines as a merchant to make profit of them but as 
Mayor of London towards my household provision, I thought good to 
make denial until I might know your further pleasure. 19 Dec. 1609. 
Signed \p. (128 63) 



Robert Aldworth, Mayor of Bristol, to the 
Earl of Salisbury 
1609, Dec. 20. — Respecting his Lordship's warrant for William Ellis 
and John Whitson, two of the Aldermen of Bristol, to be brought before 
his Honour forthwith to answer to certain matters objected against them, 
William Ellis is aged and infirm and unable to travel at this time of year, 
and John Whitson is at this time also lame and unable to travel. They 
have entered into bond that they or one of them will personally appear 
on or before 10 February next. Prays that their appearance until then 
may be dispensed with, as they are to be employed at Bristol in matters 
of importance for the King's service. Bristoll, 20 Dec. 1609. 
Signed Seal \p. (128 64) 

The Earl of Essex to Viscount Cranborne 
[?1609] December 21. — 'Having so fitte a messenger I could not 
choose but remember my brotherly affection which 1 have bene bound 
alwaise to your Lordship for your owne merits and the favor which I 
have alwaise found in my Lord of Salisburie. My Lord, I know no neuse 
in this countrie worth your Lordships knolege. I have noe request to 
your Lordship but that you will ever hold me amongst one of those that 
will ever rest your Lordships truly and loving brother. From the 
Tiltyard, December XXI of.' 

Holograph Seal Addressed: 'To my most deare my brother Lord 
Viscount Craborn at Paris.' \p. (200 3) 

CM— N 



170 

Dr Leonell Sharpe to the Earl of Salisbury 
[1609] Dec. 21. — The manner of the dedication was disliked by his 
Majesty, as it was by you, but the matter of the treatise was approved, 
and therefore he told me I should dedicate it to the divines. I have made 
my book ready for the press. The argument is the Pope's new creed, 
which has two parts; the one corrupts our faith toward God, the other 
our fidelity to princes. I have presented it to the censure of my Lord 
Archbishop to go to the press. I offer it and myself to your protection. 
If I might have your furtherance, in so many removes, to the leavings of 
some that are advanced to the high places, it should be a great encour- 
agement to my studies and relief to my estate. 21 Dec. from Morelack. 
Holograph Endorsed: 'Dr Sharpe. 1609.' I p. (195 129) 

Viscount Cranborne to the Earl of Salisbury 
1609, Dec. 22/1610, January 1.— The departure of Monsieur de la 
Boderie gives him an opportunity to remember his duty to Salisbury: 
also the many kindnesses he has received from La Boderie. He has 
lately received many courtesies from Monsieur de Breseaux who has 
made him acquainted with divers gallants of this court, who have invited 
him to their houses and done him very great honour. He encloses a copy 
of a letter which Monsieur de Suilly sent the Prince of Condy since his 
departure Paris, 1 January, 1610[?N.S.] 
Holograph \p. (228 35) 

Tonnage and Poundage 
1609, Dec. 24. — Account of the Farmers of the Customs and Subsidies 
for the year ended as above. 

Endorsed by Salisbury: 'The state of the receipts and defalcations upon 
the farm of tonnage and poundage.' 2 pp. (142 198) 

The Countess of Hertford to Viscount Cranborne 
[1609] December 24. Has written three letters since she heard from 
him, but doubts whether they have reached him. Henceforth she will 
arrange for her letters to be sent with the Earl of Salisbury's. 'Nues 
heere is none but that this Crismas the Prince your M r is a preparing for 
baryers with a great many of other noble men of his choys, and when 
this Crismas is dun the[y] ar to make redey many other tryumfes 
agaynst the creation of the Prince; and the Queene with aleven more 
young ladeys ar aproviding of a maske agayn[st] that time.' Many will 
miss him (Cranborne) if he does not return home for the Prince's 
investiture. Chanonrow, the 24 of Desember. 
Holograph Two seals on green silk. 1 p. (200 88) 

Richard Carmarden to the Earl of Salisbury 
1609, Dec. 29. — Accompanying a New Year's gift. 290 Decern. 1609. 
Holograph Seal, broken \p. (128 65) 

The Earl of Rutland to the Earl of Salisbury 
[1609] Dec. 31. — Upon the report I hear of some settling of the 
Prince's state, I recommend the bearer Robert Dallington, who served 



171 

me long and in whom I ever found sufficiency and fidelity. Four years 
since I preferred him to the Prince's service, whom since he has followed 
to his great charge without seeking for anything. Belvoir, 31 Dec. 
Holograph Seal Endorsed: '1609.' \<p. (102 96) 

Sir Thomas Bartlett to the Earl of Salisbury 
[1609, Dec. 31.] — I have advertisement of a late conference between 
the King and your Honour upon the petition I lately presented, wherein 
I received assurance of my desired success by my friend, Mr Chancellor 
of the Exchequer, who imparted to me your acceptance of my sub- 
mission and your firm resolution to further me with his Majesty. I have 
transferred my whole estate on your Honour to be commended to the 
King as your service; that with his Majesty's only charge of 400 1 , have 
with free consent possessed his Majesty of what is much more worth than 
1,000,000'. If you shall either advise to execute the laws and his 
Majesty's prerogative for seizures, or moderately increase the impost, 
each course may justly be received as a well composed service done by 
you to the King, my only motive hereto being to repair my fortunes by 
your mediation to his Majesty in such behalf. I am so unseemly clothed 
as I rather choose to solicit you hereby than that my presence should 
scandalize the Court, not doubting but his Majesty has consented to 
order for my relief in present and will not think fit for me to beg my 
relief in Court or incur the danger of law, one of which I must be forced 
unto for I am not able to raise 20 s in this world, my place in Court 
excepted, which is not in my power to dispose of. Undated. 
Signed Endorsed: 'Sir Thomas Bartlett to my Lord: re. ult De. 1609.' 
\p. (128 66) 

Thomas Barnham to the Earl of Salisbury 
[1609, Dec] — About ten or twelve years ago your Lordship by Robert 
Pooley sent for me to give you intelligence what the custom of Venice 
gold and silver might be worth, and what I would give for the farm of 
the same. At which time, whereas her late Majesty made thereof 
comtnunibus annis but forty marks or thirty pounds per annum, you 
wished me to advance the same to her Majesty's best benefit and I 
should have it by patent in my own name. I advanced it to 200 ! a year. 
Soon after a patent was passed from her Majesty to the now Earl of 
Suffolk who delivered it to me, bidding me to make the best use of it 
that I could and I should have a moiety of the benefit. His Lordship 
and I together thereupon undertook the business, and to that end 
leaving all my other trade and employment and having by my great 
care in one year's time brought it to some good perfection, no sooner had 
I so done but the patent was taken from me and I turned quite out of 
the business, without any manner of recompense or consideration, to 
my utter undoing. I have often since sued to his Lordship for relief, but 
finding none I have no other refuge but to make my case known to your 
Lordship, on whose promise I reposed myself when I first entered into 
the business. Undated. 
Holograph Endorsed: 'De. 1609.' \ p. (128 67) 



172 

The Earl of Essex to Viscount Cranboene 
[1609]. — 'I hope your Lordship will pardon my soe long silence and 
impute it rather to my want of meanes of sending then to the least want 
of my love, for both my being in Staffordshire part of this summer and 
your Lordship being soe far a traveler in the fourthiest parts of Fraunee 
hath bene causes of my delaise.' Undated 
Holograph Seal \p. (200 10) 

King James I to [the Earl of Salisbury] 
[1609] — My little beagle, although I have no occasion of burthening 
you with any more business till my return, yet in regard of your letter I 
thought good by this present to settle your mind that you may be sure 
to sleep securely till my return in anything concerning those points that 
ye touched in your letter to me. I thought good to delay my writing 
unto you till now because the party that came that day being by when I 
received your letter, a present writing of me and sending back of a new 
packet might have been suspicious. Of my Lady Anne Home's dealing 
till now I have made you already to be advertised. I am to speak with 
her again this day, and then 1 will be able to judge further; but if she 
will be still wilful some conscionable course must be now thought upon 
for the conclusion of this business, for it can hang no longer as it doth; 
but her friends are much discouraged that one man refused to be her 
agent, as ye have already heard. I have yet heard no word of Poolie 
because Lumsden came but out of the North upon Saturday last, and 
hath ever since been bedfast of a fall that put his shoulder out; and to 
conclude now I find that ye have omitted none of my directions given 
you at parting; and though it be but a matter of recreation I cannot but 
thank you for your great diligence used for the enlarging of Theobald's 
park, though for that knavish draught I must knock you at meeting; 
and so farewell. Undated. 
Holograph Endorsed by Salisbury: 'His Majesty.' I p. (134 131) 

King James 1 to [the Earl of Salisbury] 
[? 1609] — My little beagle, 1 have now reason to long to be advertised 
what is done in the examination of that person that was before the 
Council, being three days since he was examined, which (by your letter 
even now received since 1 began to write), I perceive is a coming; but in 
the meantime that ye and your fat fellow thesauraire may know what 
we are doing here, Hay is returned with open mouth against the ex- 
aminate. He told me of his being at Hampton Court, whereof I seemed 
to have been ignorant; he assured me that she spake as far against that 
man, and condemned him as far of unhonest dealing as I could have 
wished. He assured me that she would never open her mouth for him, if 
it were not by Mistress Drummond's persuasion, which he says he told 
to Drummond who answered him only with a blush, and therefore he 
advised me to seem angry at the Chancellor for another cause, for which 
they already feared my wrath; and he said that would move Drummond, 
who loved the Chancellor much better than the other, to be so careful in 
appeasing me towards him, as she would gladly let the other run his 
destiny. He swears no creature pities him as being, besides this offence, 



173 

a dishonest partial bribing man of his own nature ; he says whatsoever 
punishment I spare towards him, I lay upon my own honour; but at one 
thing ye will smile, he advised me not to sell the bear's skin before he 
were slain; for, said he, that would be thought 'menns' particular, and 
immediately thereafter made suit for Sir George Hay to be secretary and 
for Roper's office to Robin Carre, and made Carre suit for a Scottish 
register, which the party hath, for the controller his father. An my 
answer was short after much hearing, that I would proceed in the course 
of his trial and punishment with a cold dry resolution only to seek the 
clearing of my honour to the uttermost; that it was true my honour 
bound me not to spare any punishment that rigour of law would allow ; 
if my wife would forbear to mediate, I would be more glad, if otherwise I 
Avould constantly go on my own course without the least alteration for 
her or any flesh, for if she did meddle in a thing thus belonging to my 
honour, it might well harm herself but would never move me; as for the 
other suits I told him it was yet not time to talk of them. To conclude, 
since he is examined I would be glad to be well resolved what is the best 
course for clearing of my innocency. I am able to prove that he hath 
spread two or three sorts of false and contrary reports in this errand, for 
which he merits less favour. I must now likewise resolve how and in 
what manner he is to be tried; and in my conscience I cannot see how 
my honour can permit me to mitigate any punishment that the severity 
of law can lay upon him, especially in regard of the false rumours he 
hath spread; and yet so fully must I satisfy the world in the trial of this, 
that my greatness must never colour my goodness, nor my authority 
my honesty, for I shall never desire to be thought a great king if the 
reputation of an honest man be not joined thereunto. And so farewell. 
Undated. 

H olograph Endorsed by Salisbury: 'His Majesty to me.' 1\ pp. 
(134 147) 

Algiers 
[? 1609] — Safe conduct granted by Mustapha Basha of the city of 
Algiers (Arjel) 'gran bacil' for the Grand Signior Sultan Amato to the 
community and individuals of the States of Flanders, for all Flemings 
coming to the city and territory of Arjel. 
Sealed with black stamp 1 p. (130 180) 

Sir Anthonie Barker to the Lord High Treasurer 
[? 1609]. — Is farmer of Holme Park, Sonninge, co. Berks. Prays that 
the last commission of inquiry as to supposed waste and spoils of the 
park may be returned, and if it appears that no such wrong has been 
done, he maj r be no further molested in the cause. Undated. 
I p. (P. 413) 
[See Cal.S.P.Dom., 1603-1610, p. 506.] 

[Sir Thomas Bartlett] to the Earl of Salisbury 
[1609] — 1 have made known my extremities faithfully to your 
Honour, my miseries being so violent as I cannot longer without con- 
senting to my own death prolong from public testimony of the world. 



174 

If passion have overmastered me in my former letters, forgive me that 

am now returned to myself. The conformity I have expressed I intended 

only to your Honour from whose bounty I crave relief and supportation. 

Undated. 

Unsigned Endorsed: '1609. S r Tho. Bartlett.' \p. (128 69) 

James Bellasses to the Earl of Salisbury 
[1609 or later] — He has expended great sums in preparations in 
certain alum mines in Yorkshire 'before any grant was published by 
Lord Sheffield.' Prays that his works 'may have good success and 
effect.' Asks to explain his business personally. Undated. 
1 p. (P. 808) 
[See Cal.S.P.Dom., 1603-1610, p. 521] 

William Boord to the Earl of Salisbury 
[? 1609] — Has discovered two papists in Essex; Mr Greene, of New 
Sandford, and Mr William Thursgo of Finchfield. Of the great resort of 
strangers to Greene of the same factious religion. Prays Salisbury to 
take order therein . Undated . 
1 p. (P. 606) 

Thomas Browne to the Earl of Salisbury 
[? 1609] — The King's founder of iron ordnance and shot. He had a 
contract with the late Queen for taking away unserviceable iron 
ordnance, and replacing them with serviceable pieces; but owing to her 
death this service has not been proceeded with. Of late a mine of ore 
has been found at Brenchley and Horsmonden in Kent, such as the like 
has not been hitherto obtained for making ordnance, as may appear by 
the ordnance he has cast for the forts of Gravesend and West Tilbury. 
He acquainted the King therewith, who referred him to the Council. 
Begs Salisbury's favour that he may proceed with the service as hereto- 
fore. Undated. 
Petition I p. (196 104) 
[See Cal.S.P.Dom., 1603-1610, p. 576] 

Michael Bruskett to the Earl of Salisbury 
[? 1609] — 111 disposed persons have gotten his whole estate into their 
hands. He understands there shall be an employment of soldiers very 
shortly into Ireland, and begs for a company of those men who are to be 
levied nearest London, or for the conduction of some of them, so that 
he may take order with his creditors. Undated. 
Holograph Endorsed: c 1607[sic]' I p. (123 172) 
[See Cal.S.P.Dom., 1603-1610, p. 577] 

Proctorship of the University [of Cambridge] 
[1609] — Reasons why juniority ought not to prejudice Leonard Mawe, 
suitor for the proctorship of the University of Cambridge. Arguments 
supported by instances in which the junior has been preferred to the 
senior at elections in the University. Undated. 
Unsigned I p. (136 204) 



175 

Another Copy of the Above 
Endorsed: 'Reasons for chusing a junior to be Proctor.' (136 205) 

The Countess of Essex to Viscount Cranborne 
[? 1609]. — 'My afficcion mokes me to rite sence yet ys all the serves I 

can doe ys to let your Lo. know that if I could be the messegeg my self 

I should think my paynes well spent.' Is glad to hear that he has 

grown. Undated 

PS. 'Hire ys no nuse but that youer wife ys as hansuem I hore as onye 

you shall see in France for all hould her so here.' 

Holograph Two seals on green silk 1 p. (200 96) 

Lord Carew to the Earl of Salisbury 
[1609] — Having set my business in order for my departure for Guern- 
sey, this afternoon I mean to go to the Court, and tomorrow to kiss both 
their royal hands. My barque is gone to meet me at Weymouth, and my 
Lord Admiral has directed a small ship of the King's to waft me from 
thence to Guernsey, for the coast of England and the islands are full of 
French pirates. Undated. 
Holograph Endorsed: '1609 Lord Carew.' I p. (195 130) 

Milerus, Archbishop of Cashel, 
to the Earl of Salisbury 
[? 1609] — The late Queen by letters to the Lord Deputies and the 
Governor of Munster gave authority for renewing and confirming 
certain immunities and privileges touching the churches under his 
charge, and other matters touching himself; but the letters took no 
effect by reason of the late troubles. Prays for fresh letters to the same 
effect, and that the Lord Deputy be required to accept from him a 
surrender of the precinct of the monastery of Loughdarge, called St 
Patrick's Purgatory, and of lands in Ulster called Termon Graghe and 
Termon Imoughan, and to regrant the same to him under certain con- 
ditions. Undated, 
fp. (P. 261) 

The Cautionary Towns 
[c 1609] — Forasmuch as concerns the Cautionary Towns, because his 
Majesty is straightly bound by the former contracts, whereof the in- 
terest is descended to him as the successor of the late Queen, to deliver 
those places to no one but the States, there is no possibility for his 
Majesty to do anything contrary to the public faith, which he is resolved 
to observe inviolably towards all the world. Nevertheless his Majesty 
will be obliged now to summon the said States to a further treaty, in 
respect that his peace and friendship with the King of Spain and the 
Archdukes makes some change necessary in many particulars. In this 
treaty, amongst other conditions relative to the contract, his Majesty 
promises his good brothers to insert a clause, in which he will appoint a 
convenient time in the which, if the States shall not be contented to 



176 

harken to reasonable conditions of pacification with those Princes, then 
his Majesty holding himself free from all other obligations, shall dispose 
of these Cautionary Towns as he shall please agreeable to the rules . . . 
[breaks off] 
Draft in French and English Imperfect 2 pp. (128 84) 

Richard Chandler 
[1609]— Two papers. 

(1) Note: 'to remember to make stay of the pardon of Richard Chand- 
ler, in prison in the gaol of Salisbury. Undated. 

Endorsed: '1609.' \p. (P. 2357) 

(2) A note from Sir Henry Butler for staying of a pardon for one 
Chandler. Gives particulars of highway robberies committed by Richard 
Chandler in various places. Undated. 

\p. (P. 2357a) 

Sir Henry Clare to the Earl of Salisbury 
[1609 or later] — Since I delivered your Lordship the project for corn 
I have industriously laboured to answer all objections. The more I have 
waded into it, I hold it the more worthy of your protection. For the true 
meaning thereof is to enrich the King's Majesty and to bring the prices 
of corn into his Highness's hands, to the general good of all men but 
especially to the poor people who shall always be relieved. And no man 
hindered thereby but the cormorants of the commonwealth, whom no 
law will curb. These things are to be showed only to you and not to be 
publicly spoken of, because the whole managing of this weighty matter 
will rest only in your Lordship. Whereby you shall gain the hearts and 
prayer of the poor. Again his Majesty with all the nobility and his 
Highness's attendants shall be sure to have all provision for corn cheap 
and ready. I am now fit to satisfy you herein at your convenient 
leisure, which I now attend. 

Holograph Addressed to the Earl of Salisbury, Lord High Treasurer 
Endorsed: '1606.' (sic) \p. (118 130) 

Clarendon Park, Wiltshire 
(? 1609] — Recommendation, signed by the Earl of Pembroke, that 
certain trees in Seaven Rodes Coppice, Clarington Park, co. Wilts, be 
sold. Undated. 
\p. (132 179) 

Crown Woods and Forests 

[1609 or c. 1609]— Fifteen papers. 

(1) The writer has made an abstract of all the woods in England. The 
value of the King's woods is but 403,000!. The woods to be spared are 
but worth 103, 800 1 . Woods on the lands of copyholders by inheritance 
are 3,000!, which if sold would bring but little profit to the King, and 
give great discontent to the subject. Criticisms on the surveying. Un- 
dated. 
I p. (132 131) 



177 

(2) Account of John Thorp for sales of the King's woods in Hunting- 
don, Rutland and Northampton; and note of his services. Undated. 
Endorsed: '1609.' 2$pp. (132 120) 

(3) Considerations touching the leasing of the underwoods in forests 
and chases; and first of the coppice in Whittlewood Forest. Undated. 
Apparently by Robert Johnson Endorsed: '1609.' Mpp- (132 124) 

(4) Farm of roots and stumps of trees in the King's forests. Notes 
upon the petition for farming of roots of trees, etc, in the King's forests. 
2 copies. Notes thereon in Salisbury's hand. Undated. 

Upp. (132 150) 

(5) Another paper on the same subject. Undated. 
\p. (132 153) 

(6) 'An answer to the articles given by my Lord Treasurer' on the 
same subject. Undated. 

Endorsed by Salisbury: 'The answer concerning the suit of roots.' 1 p. 
(132 154) 

(7) Provisions according to which the petitioners desire grant of roots 
and stumps of trees sold in his Majesty's forests, etc. Undated. 

I p. (132 155) 

(8) List of commissions for woods in various counties of England and 
Wales; divided into those 'returned' and those 'not returned.' Undated. 
1 p. (132 160) 

(9-15) 'Articles to be performed by virtue of our Commission of Sale 
annexed touching Forests, Parks and Chaces.' 

The papers relate to woods in the counties of Durham, Northampton, 
Warwick, Cumberland, Kent, Surrey, Herts, Yorkshire and Bucks. 
Mem. 297 is a parchment sheet signed by Sir Robert Johnson, and en- 
dorsed 'Sir Robert Johnson's Notes upon the conclusion of the Survey 
and Sale of Woods, a0 1609.' 
12 pp. (141 291-293, 297, 298, 300, 302) 

Francis Dacre to the King 
[? c 1609] — Prays for the title of honour, and that small part of 
Dacre's lands which was old inheritance of the Dacres; not insisting of 
his title of blood, nor anv other titles. Undated. 
\p. (P. 1825) 

The Merchants trading to France to the Earl of Salisbury 
[? c 1609] — By the 4th article of the late treaty the mayors and alder- 
men of Rouen, Caen, Bordeaux and other places were to deliver to the 
French King's Council the patents whereby they raise taxes upon the 
petitioners, and the same were to be defaced if not granted upon just 
cause. In 1570 and 1571 Rouen obtained an imposition upon English 



178 

cloth, to be applied to the redemption of a loan; but although they have 
collected over 100,000 crowns more than the interest and redemption 
money, yet the imposition is still continued. Caen in 1579 and 1592, and 
St Malo in 1603, obtained the like grants. Also it was promised by the 
French King and Monsieur de Rosny that English ships should be freed 
from unshipping their artillery at Bloys, and that the ship of war 
appointed upon the river of Bordeaux should be prohibited from staying 
English ships; likewise that the bonnetiers of Paris should not detain 
merchandise brought to them to be viewed more than 48 hours. They 
beg Salisbury to recommend to the English Ambassador there the 
prosecution of the repeal of the above impositions, and the grant of the 
said articles. Undated. 
Petition I p. (196 132) 

Impost on French Wines 
[? 1609 or later] — Warrant to the farmer of the impost of French and 
Gascoyne wines, discharging the Countess of Dorset, second dowager, 
from the payment of impost on four tuns of wine to be provided for her 
own household. Undated. 
Unsigned (P. 2238) 

Walter Gibson to 'Your Honours' [? the Earl of 
Salisbury and Sir Julius Caesar] 
[1609] — Reports upon certain of the King's woods, unspecified, now 
being dealt with for the Earl of Shrewsbury. Describes the abuses and 
spoils made there by the officers, Sir John Ferris, Mr Kinston, Mr Brooke- 
shawe and others. If unsold, no command will reform the abuses, and 
none dare buy the woods but the Earl. Justifies his sale of woods in 
Derby hills. Undated. 
Holograph I p. (132 130) 

Hartest Wood 
1 609— Particular of Hartest Wood, Suffolk, of which Sir Robert 
Drury desires a lease in reversion. 1609. 

1 p. "(132 123) 

Retailing of Wines in Ireland 

[? 1609] — Concerning licences for retailing wines, aquavite and 
'huskabath' [whisky] in Ireland. 

The same laws which restrain the retailing of wines in England with- 
out special licence are also in force in Ireland. The paper gives details of 
a plan whereby persons in Ireland who have incurred penalties for so 
doing should, on the payment of certain fines or rents, be released there- 
from, and be granted licences preserving them from such penalties in 
the future, and authorising the sale of aquavite and 'huskabath' as well 
as wines. Undated. 
Endorsed by Salisbury: 'Concerning wines.' 

2 pp. (130 185) 

[See Cal.S. P. Ireland, 1608-1610, pp. 215. 336. In March, 1610, Lady 
Arabella Stuart was granted the licensing of all taverns for the sale of 
wines and usquebaugh in Ireland for 21 years. {lb. p. 414)]. 



179 

The Jesuits 

1609.— Copia di lettera scritta in Bologna, nella quale manifestando 
si l'eccellenze e perfettioni délia compagnie de Padri Giesuiti, insieme 
vengono resolute molte oppositioni fatte ad essi Padri et agli loro 
institute 1609. 
(276 6) 

Lady Kennedy 

[? c 1609]— Requests of Lady Kennedy with respect to her property 
in Sudley and other portions of her inheritance. Speaks of the 'un- 
natural dealing' of her mother. 
1 p. (146 105) 

[Sir Thomas Lake] to [the Earl of Salisbury] 
[? 1609] — I have omitted in my other letter to advertise you that there 
is a purpose here, if it hold, that his Majesty goes over tomorrow, and 
the Prince also, into the Isle of Wight to hunt a stag which out of the 
forest is gone thither, and supposed that if he be hunted there will back 
by water again into the forest. 

Sir John Drummond is a suitor to you to favour him towards Mr 
Garraway and those who have bought lands of his Majesty, that where- 
as he is his Majesty's tenant of a small thing called Shenston of 3 1 rent, 
which he is advertised that they have sold to Mr John Elphingstone who 
is toward the Queen, that Sir John may be preferred in the buying 
before any, he being tenant and willing to pay for it. He supposes also 
that Mr Elphingstone does but lend his name, and it is some other that 
buys it. He hopes greatly of your favour that he may buy his own. Un- 
dated. 
In the hand of Sir Thomas Lake 1 p. (130 169) 

Melkesham Wood 
[ï 1609] — Recommendations made by a commission, consisting of Sir 
James Ley, Attorney of the Court of Wards, and others, for the improve- 
ment of the Forest of Melkesham . Undated . 
1 p. (132 180) 

Minchen Wood 
[ ? 1609] — Content of Minchen Wood. Undated. 
Endorsed: 'Larkym: measure of woods.' \p. (P. 2247) 

The Countess of Montgomery to the Lord Treasurer 
[1609]— Prays for the wardship of one Thomas Salloine 'whose father 
died but this night and his son is fifteen years of age.' Undated. 
Holograph Endorsed .-'1609.' I p. (128 80) 

New Forest, etc 

1609. — Two papers. 

(1) Abstract of the presentment of the jury at the commission of 
enquiry of the spoils of woods in his Majesty's New Forest. 
Signed: J.Norden. 1609. 3pp. (132 126) 



180 

(2) Account by John Norden of the moneys raised by the sale of his 
Majesty's woods in Aliceholt and New Forest, 1609. 
3 pp. '(132 132) 

New Year's Gifts 
1609. — Account of money given by and to the King on New Year's 
Day, 1603 to 1609 inclusive; and given by and to the late Queen on the 
same day, 1596 to 1602, inclusive. Lost by the King in those years, 
8231 7 8 l d ; by the Queen, 6,6721 17» 4| * Undated. 

Endorsed by Salisbury: 'A note of the charges in the Jewel House.' 1 p. 
(195 131) 

Commissioners for the North 
[1609]— Sir Nicholas Curwen; Sir Robart de la Valle; Sir Wilfride 
Lawson; Mr Edward Gray of Morpeth. 

Endorsed: '1609. Names of commissioners for the North.' \p. 
(128 98) 

Pensions 

[? 1609] — Tensions granted by his Majest}% and the names of those 
who bought them.' 

Sir Robert Melvyll 2001; Lady Walsingham. Alexander Douglas 45 1 ; 
Richard Hales. Sir James Hamilton 100 1 ; John Welles. John Buchan- 
non 1001; John Tunstall. Michael Elphinston 2001; Thomas Proctor. 
Patrick Galloway 2001; Arthur Ingram. William Chalmer 801; Thomas 
Footes. Andrew Lambe 1331; John Harrison. Bishop of Rosse 2001; 
Peter Francke. Sir James Lindsey 1001 ; Sir John Jolies. Daniell Muller 
401; Henry Shafbon. William Anstruther 2001; Thomas Wroth. John 
Spottiswood 80 1 ; Thomas Audley. Sir John Grayme 2001 ; Sir Edward 
Francis. Sir James Murray 121 1; William Hay. Lord Hay and James 
Murray 2001 ; Lady Gary. Sir James Semple 2001 ; James Kirton. James 
Stuart 2001; Lady Hastings. Sir Thomas Kirkpatrick 2001; Lady New- 
comen. William Erskin and Walter Alexander 2001; John Grimesditch. 
Patrick Turnor 30 1 ; Judith Portington. John Murray 1331; Thomas 
Hampton. Undated. 
I p. (196 36) 

Sir Allan Percy to the Privy Council 
[1609 or later] — The Masters of the Trinity House at Newcastle com- 
pounded with his father, late Keeper of Tinmouth Castle, for the main- 
tenance of a light in the castle for the direction of ships, which charge 
and profits were bestowed upon suppliant. Sir William Selby, of late 
appointed Deputy- Keeper of the castle, will not suffer him to keep the 
light, but has taken it and the profits into his own hands. Prays that 
Selby be ordered to pay him what profits he has received, and to permit 
him to keep the light. Undated. 
\p. (P. 1103) 
[See Cal.S.P.Dom., 1603-1610, pp. 420, 501J 



181 

[Sir Thomas] Phillips to [the Earl of Salisbury] 
[1609] — The rent due unto his Majesty at May next out of the lands 
and territories the citizens are to have is above 300 l , which I think may 
be saved, they entering upon the profits from May forward, which in 
those parts is the beginning of the \ year. May it please your Lordship 
that Port Rushe and that land you shall think fit to allot me, to be 
exempt out of the liberties of the city or town to be erected at Coulrayn. 
In the territories and lands are seven aeries of hawks, and on the sea 
side a very good rock falcon. Undated. 
Unsigned Endorsed: '1609. Cap. Philips.' \p. (128 81) 

Sir Thomas Phillips 

[1609] — A brief of such things as Sir Thomas Phillipps, knight, is to 
convey unto his Majesty for the advancement of this intended Plantation 
in Ireland, viz: 

Imprimis the Abbey of Colrayn and lands thereunto belonging for 
which was offered before there was any change in building 1000 1 , with 
which there goes a salmon a day during the fishing and a day's fishing, 
which is the Monday after Midsummer day. The least that ever he had 
that day was 11 hogsheads but many years much more. Also \ of 
the loopes in fee-farm, with half of the rest by lease for 18 years to come. 
For all these fishings he will be farmer to the city at 50 1 per annum. So 
all things considered he thinks the premises undervalued to any but his 
Majesty at 1000 1 . 

Item, whereas by his industry there is erected a fair market with 
which the benefit of the town and some small tenements thereunto 
belonging is now worth 50 1 per annum, which he values but at 5 years 
purchase and so at 250 1 . 

Item, his charge in building fortification and other needful charges 
there 400 1 . 

Item, his lease under the Great Seal of Ireland, whereof there is the 
custom of Bann and Port Rushe for 18 years to come, which though they 
now yield but 40 1 per annum, yet soon may be worth 200 1 per annum. 
Nevertheless he values them but at 200 1 . 

Item, he has built a water-mill, which is very commodious to the 
town, now worth to him 30 1 per annum, which he values at 5 vears 
is 150 1 . 

Item, his lease of four ferries of the Bann, being from Tome to Colrayn, 
which he values but at 100 1 . 

Item, his lease under the Great Seal for making of aquavitae within 
the county of Colrayn 100 1 . 

Item, his lease of the woods he had from Tyrone wherein there is yet 
five years to come, they containing seven miles in length and two in 
breadth, being the most commodious in those parts, lying nearest to the 
Bann, to which at his very great charge he has made the ways passable, 
and now the time of his hope for profit being come, is nevertheless con- 
tent to part with them for 300 1 , which Tyrone offered for them before 
his departure, when he could not conceive the profits they are now like 

to yield 300 1 . 

Sum total 2500 1 



182 

[Notwithstanding all things thus undervalued, it is alleged by some 
that it cost him a small matter. It may be answered that the price of a 
head, which he often ventured for it, is not to be undervalued. Besides 
it is well known that his plantation there, and making good that place 
and others in those parts, was a great means of relief to such of his 
Majesty's subjects as fled at the overthrow of the Derry , and gave a stop 
to Odoghortie and others that they did his Majesty no further damage. 
To this may be remembered he was a good means to civilise that part, 
that it gave no small encouragement to the Londoners to proceed and 
esteem things of good value in this their plantation. In bringing of this 
from a vast wilderness he spent much money and long time, and yet for 
all his hazard, care and industry, has not made his estate much better 
since his first employment in Ireland.] Undated. 

Endorsed: '1609. The demands of Sir Thomas Phillips for those lands 
and other profits which he is to convey unto the King's Majesty in 
Ireland.' The paragraph in brackets following the sum total has been 
struck through. I p. (128 82). 

The Privy Council to the King 

[? 1609] — Having read this afternoon a letter of your Majesty's 
brought by Sir George Kerr, on Saturday night after we had broken up 
from Council, we take ourselves bound in duty no longer to defer to 
acknowledge the receipt thereof and the comfort we received thereby, 
not only in respect of those princelj" rules and limitations which may 
serve us for a directory in our councils and our actions, but also in regard 
that we observe engraven in your Majesty's own breast that clear and 
constant judgment and resolution; whereby as we may promise our- 
selves no less help from you towards the rectifying of your estate out of 
the virtue of your own care and providence than your Majesty may 
challenge of us, your humble servants, by the obligations of our duty 
and conscience. 

From which so visible and so perfect a sympathy between the affect- 
ions and actions of such a King and servants as encouraged and resolved 
as we are and shall be, we doubt not but we may say there is as great 
hope of honour, safety and greatness like to follow as by the contrary 
apparent demonstration of inevitable and imminent inconvenience. In 
which consideration seeing then (most Gracious Sovereign) we shall now 
but trouble you with studying to express in more words the precious 
price whereat we esteem this letter and the consequence thereof, let 
these our ingenuous and thankful interpretations and acknowledgments 
for this which we have received, be sufficient for the present to make you 
think us worth} T of the honour we have by the trust which you repose 
in us. For an account of our endeavours since your departure vouchsafe 
to accept a relation without troubling yourself to hear any tedious 
declaration how we have done it, because the story of labours without 
effects are but like the trees which are full in blossom and never bear 
fruit; only be pleased to dispense with this little ambition of ours, if we 
presume to say that the provision we have made in a time, where lack 
of payment hath bred so great a diffidence and observation of super- 
fluous expenses maketh hopes but barren of repayment, hath no 



183 

precedent, as well considering the general applause it hath in respect of 
the object, for which they see it is borrowed, as the contentment it hath 
given to the world that hath beheld such a loan as this wrought with no 
other authority or compulsion by such importunity than is usual in the 
traffic between private men. Your Majesty shall therefore only under- 
stand in gross that your farmers of your customs do now discharge you 
of 120,00g 1 , whereof they deliver 60,000 l (in specie) in hand and before 
Christmas, and take upon them to pay the rest where we do now assign 
it; so as now your Majesty remains no more a debtor but to them for that 
sum, and this they must forbear till Christmas come twelve months, 
continuing still the payment of all the rents as if there were no such 
bargain. By which your Majesty may conclude a strange change in your 
estate like to follow, especially seeing we shall not need to apply the 
saying of the scripture to your Majesty, that are our earthly God, 'what 
will avail though Paul plant and Apollo [sic] water, if God do not give 
increase.'; for now your Majesty may be secure that the Treasurer of 
Ireland shall no more complain of want for any debt to that little army, 
whereupon dependeth the peace of that kingdom; that in the Admiralty 
no soldier nor mariner shall have cause to mutiny for lack of money or 
meat, an unsafe thing among men of that profession; no more shall the 
Office of the Ordnance; that the Office of your Works shall be satisfied, 
by whose being unpaid your houses are suffering decay, and the works 
that are done do double in their price; the Treasurer of your Chamber 
(upon whom so many of your servants do depend) shall be cleared; that 
your Cofferer shall be enabled to satisfy the country for his arrears with 
the contentment of many particular creditors now desperate. 

Into which enumeration of these several titles we only descend at this 
time because your Majesty can conceive what effects the lack of payment 
in these special offices of state and honour may beget, not only in point 
of profit but of the safety of your crown. To which w r e will only add this 
further circumstance, that though we foresaw all other courses would 
have been drawn into length and ended in the end in uncertainty, yet 
have we used it so in breaking off with the City as neither themselves nor 
the world can conceive that your Majesty resorted to this way out of any 
just ground you had to suspect that you should there have been denied 
in the conclusion, but only out of this princely greatness to make choice 
of those to lend who had more particularly been benefited themselves by 
contract with you than of others who have not lately had any such 
opportunity. Of whom (even in justice and in honour) we must now say 
no less than this, that they have now won to themselves great credit and 
reputation, and deserve of your Majesty all princely favours and pro- 
tection. So must we say particularly for the bench of your Aldermen 
that they (with your honest Recorder) have both carried themselves 
with good diligence and discretion in communicating our proposition, and 
from their bench were ready to lend the sum of 20,000! . 

For the rest which your Majesty can expect in point of diminution 
and improvement you maj^ please to stand secured, seeing we have now 
found out the principal verb, that Ave will omit no time nor opportunity 
for the accomplishment of the rest of our intentions; beseeching your 
Majesty in this mean time to set this down for a certain rule, that they 



184 

must for the most part be works of time, and yet of such time as shall 
make a work of honour and contentment by the help of your authority 
and directions, from whence all our endeavours for the good of this 
estate must receive continual life and comfort, as the greatest streams 
maintain their current from their proper fountains and natural springs. 
Undated 

Draft, much corrected by Salisbury Endorsed by Salisbury: 'My notes to 
his Majesty'. 5 pp. (134 136) 

[? The Privy Council] to the Commissioners of the States General 
[? 1609] — In your first audience with his Majesty, after acknowledging 
the royal favour so effectually shown from all time to the States of the 
United Provinces, his oldest and best friends and allies, and particularly 
at the last meeting of his commissioners with those of the Most Christian 
King and others for the negotiation of the peace and treaty lately 
established to the relief of your Provinces which had seemed weakened 
by the great and unbearable costs of the war, you hinted at the end of 
your address at certain other particular matters to be proposed, which 
you thought well to defer to his Majesty's better convenience. His 
Majesty charged us, before his departure, to confer with you in this 
matter, but we have been compelled up to the present to put it off, 
owing to the great amount of business, both domestic with our Parlia- 
ment and foreign, due to the presence of the Ambassadors of other great 
Princes and States. We hope you will take this in good part and impute 
it to the necessity of the time and circumstances, being assured that 
every means in our power we will use to the advancement of the honour 
and dignity of your State and cause, of which, next to that of the King 
our master, we shall always be most zealous. You will be pleased there- 
fore to set out particularly the further proposals you have to make. 
Undated 

Draft in the handwriting of one of the Earl of Salisbury's secretaries. 
French. Endorsed: 'Introduction to the conference with the States.' 
\\pp. (128 85) 

The Earl of Montgomery to Viscount Cranborne 
[? 1609] — 'Though I coulde never sinse your being in Fraunse heere by 
any thatt I was so much as remembred by you, yett I so much affect you 
thatt you shall nott blame mee of forgettfullnes, though I may justly 
aquse you of itt.' Assures him of his constant devotion. Undated. 

PS. 'Both my sisters commend theare love to you, and my Lord and 
my brother of Pembroke desiers to have there servis remembred to you.' 
Signed Two seals on pink silk, 1 p. (200 97) 

Memoranda for the Privy Council 
[? 1609] — A memorial of such things as his Majesty left in charge with 
his Council concerning his public service.' 

The subjects include: — the grievances offered to his Majesty's subjects 
in Spain, directions into Ireland about the coin, directions to prevent 
abuses in levying subsidies, and execution for the commission of copy- 
holds. 



185 

'Causes of private men more particularly recommended.' Sir Edward 
Grevill. Earl of Montgomery. The case concerning the Earl of Hertford. 

Additions in Salisbury's handwriting: Tobacco. Artsens's overtures. 
Money to be made current. Undated 
Endorsed in Salisbury' 's handwriting : 'Memoriall.' l^pp- (128 93) 

The Queen's Forests, Parks and Houses 
[? 1609] Houses: — Somerset House, Middlesex; Nonsuch, Surrey; 
Theobalds, co. Herts; Havering at Bowgr, Essex; Pontefract Castle, co. 
Yorks. Forests, Chases, Parks, etc: Gillingham Forest and Park, Dorset; 
Exmore Forest, Devonshire; Theobalds two parks, co. Herts; Nonsuch; 
Little Park, Surrey; Pontefract Little Park, co. Yorks; Havering two 
parks, Essex; Whadden Chace and Park and Hanslope Park, co. Bucks. 
Endorsed by Salisbury \p. (132 158) 

H. Renaldes to the Earl of Salisbury 
[? c 1609] — -Of his offer of employment to the King 'about present and 
perpetual discovery.' Offers to contrive a secret conveyance in some 
place of Salisbury's new buildings, whereby messengers may be sent and 
matters of respect effected without any apparent note even to such as are 
in the house. Undated 
Petition 1 p. (P.2345) 

Lady Ralegh to the King 
[? 1609] — I beseech you signify your gracious pleasure concerning 
myself and my poor children. Whereas you have disposed of all my 
husband's estate to the value of 4000 1 a year, there remains nothing to 
give me and my children bread but one fee farm rent of the Bishop of 
Sarum, which you have bestowed on my husband during his life; that it 
will please you to relinquish your right in the reversion of that farm and 
suffer those poor harmless children to enjoy the same. Undated 
Unsigned \ p. (195 85) 

Annexed Draft of warrant to pass in the Lady Ralegh and her children 
all his Majesty's interest in the lands. \ p. 

[Printed in extenso in Edwards Life of Sir Walter Ralegh, 11, 409-411. 
[See Cal.S.P.Dom., 1603-1610, p. 581] 

The Royal Parks 
[? 1609]— Memorandum concerning my Lord Treasurer's purpose in 
providing pales, posts and rails for repairing his Majesty's parks. Inclu- 
des a recommendation for making of coppices in Windsor Forest, after 
the example of the forests of Whichwood and Shotover. Undated 
Endorsed by Salisbury I p. (132 157) 

William Saghnes and James Saghnes to the Pope 
[? 1609] — We are Irish gentlemen, lords of certain castles in Ireland, 
and have come as pilgrims to Loretto and Rome. We desire to kiss the 
feet of the Holy Father, and to receive his blessing, and lay before him 
this petition. 

cm— o 



186 

We have been deprived of property and country for defending the 
Catholic faith in Ireland, and for seventeen years have served against the 
heretics in Flanders, where we have done good service as testified by the 
Archduke and our other commanders. As good Catholics we desire to 
continue to serve against the heretics as good soldiers, now that we have 
lost our country, since six years ago the Queen of England caused our 
father with four of his sons and one hundred and fifty others to be be- 
headed for acknowledging the supremacy of the Pope. Now that the 
war in Flanders has ceased we desire to take service with the Holy 
Church, and to be employed either on the Papal galleys or in some 
garrison. Undated. 

Italian Endorsed with an order to Mani Farnese to inquire into the 
quality of the petitioners with a view to their employment. Endorsed further 
with an order signed by Mani Farnese to the Almoner to give them a little 
alms. Endorsed in English: 'A petition of two Irish captains to the 
Pope.' I p. (98 171) 



The Earl of Salisbury to Sir Thomas Terringham 
[? 1609] — I perceive by your letter you have met his Majesty's sur- 
veyor but, being doubtful whether you be a commissioner or no con- 
cerning sale of any woods, you have forborne to deal. It is true you are 
not particularly named as a commissioner in that which goes out of the 
Exchequer, except in such places where you are an officer of such con- 
dition as those gentlemen are who are commissioners. What your 
authority is in Whichwood Forest or any other place wholly depends 
upon that commission. But because you have had the honour to attend 
his Majesty in his sports and can tell what will please or displease him 
more particularly than another, it is his Majesty's pleasure that although 
you be not a particular officer in those places, the Commissioners should 
acquaint you with their doings in any of those forests or parks near your 
dwelling, that you may join your advice with them for so much as con- 
cerns the beauty of the ground and benefit of the deer; wherein, as the 
money that may be made is no way to be compared with his Majesty's 
recreation, I assure myself you will be no interruption to what concerns 
his Majesty's use at this time but upon good and reasonable cause. To 
conclude, I authorize you in his Majesty's name to proceed as aforesaid, 
and I require all persons whom it concerns to respect you for these 
purposes as his Majesty's commissioner, though you be not named in the 
commission. Undated. 

Draft, signed: R. Salisbury. Endorsed: 'A copy of a letter sent from my 
Lord to Sir Thomas Terringham, knight. 2\pp. (128 94) 



Sheriffs' Roll 
[? 1609 or 1610] — Roll of names for sheriffs. Several counties (Leices- 
ter to Norfolk) defaced and illegible. 

Oxon. Michaell Dormer, miles. 
Joh'es Croker, armiger. 
Wynchcombe, armiger. 



187 



Rutland Thomas Mackworth, armiger. 

Will' m Halford, armiger. 

Joh'es Tredway, armiger. 
Salop Thomas Corbett de Stannerden, ar. 

Franciscus Wolriche, armiger. 

Bonham Norton, armiger. 
Somerset Franciscus Babor, armiger. 

Georgius Luttrell, armiger. 

Joh'es Henley, armiger. 
Stafford Franciscus Trentham, armiger. 

Walterus Hevenyngham, armiger. 

Anth'us Kynnersley, armiger. 
Suffolk Thomas Wyngfield, miles. 

Calthropus Parker, miles. 

Thomas Tylney, armiger. 
Southampton Ric'us Gifford, miles. 

Henri eus Whitehead, miles. 

Thomas Denny e, miles. 

Ed'rus Bellyngham de Newe Tymber, miles. 

Ola vus Leighe, miles. 

Thomas Gresham, miles. 

Sir Tho. Hunt. 

Thomas Dilkes, miles. 

Will'm Somervile, miles. 

Clemens Throgmorton, miles. 

Ric'us Grèves, miles. 

Edrus Pytt, miles. 

Joh'es Rowse, miles. 

Egidius Wroughton, miles. 

Joh'es Ayloff, armiger. 

Thomas Baskervile, armiger. 
Parchment Roll (216 2) 



Surrey and 
Sussex 



Warwick 



Wigorn 



Wilts 



Lord Stafford to the King 
[1609] — By the obstinate wilfulness of his wife, being seduced into 
'vild' Popery by a great number of convicted recusants and strangers, 
suspected Seminaries, who lodge in his house, he was constrained to for- 
sake his own house for these four years past, and very lately was by them 
by force kept out of his house of Stafford Castle, and constrained to lodge 
in Stafford town. Who also have possession of his son and only child, an 
infant, and educate and train him up in the same profession, and denied 
your subject to see him or to be known where he was. Lately he is also 
dispossessed of his houses and all his lands and revenues by colour of a 
statute of 10,000! debt, which he, by practice of Thomas Jarvis, one of 
his wife's confederates, was by imprisonment forced to acknowledge; 
and to them or any other was he not any way indebted. Although there 
is matter to avoid the said statute, yet he has no means to prosecute the 
same. He begs the premises may be referred to some of the Council to 
hear and determine. Undated. 
Petition Endorsed : '1609.' lp. (195 133) 



188 

The Enclosure 
Brief of the present estate of Edward, Lord Stafford, giving further 
details. 
1 sheet (195 134) 

Lord Stafford 
[1609]— Two papers. 

(1) A brief of the present estate of Edward, Lord Stafford, now dis- 
possessed of all his lands by the indirect practice of his wife and one 
Thomas Jervis. 

Stafford complains that by the multitude of papists and recusants that 
continually had recourse to his house, his wife was seduced into papacy 
and brought up his son therein; which caused him to forsake Stafford 
Castle. Details the practices of his wife and her confederates, Thomas 
Jervis and others, before and during his imprisonment to obtain 
possession of his lands under colour of obtaining his release. Undated. 
Endorsed: '1609.' I p. (P. 2361) 

(2) 'An answer for the Lady Stafford and Thomas Jervis unto the brief 
made by the Lord Stafford of his estate.' 

The answer states that Lord and Lady Stafford were born and bred in 
the religion she now professes. Lord Stafford's forsaking his house was 
for the love of lewd and infamous women with whom he lived. Details 
of Jervis's intercourse with him while he was prisoner in the Fleet for 
releasing one Bradshaw, a burglar and murderer, and of his riotous and 
outrageous conduct at Stafford Castle; also particulars as to his property. 
Undated. 
Unsigned 1pp. (P. 2361) 

Francis de Verton, S r de Laforrest, to the King 
[? c 1609] — In consideration of his services prays for grant of con- 
cealed lands in Ireland . Undated . 
\p. (P. 257) 
[See Cal.S.P.Dom., 1603-1610, pp. 380, 487, 540] 

Ann, Lady Warborton, to the Earl of Salisbury 
[1609] — In behalf of her son, Cecyll Warborton, his Lordship's god- 
son, who has no means left him by his father but the offices of Constable 
of Lancaster Castle, the stewardship of his Majesty's manors in Lynes- 
dale, co. Lancaster, the bailiwick of the manors of Rigbycwra and 
Singleton, co. Lancaster, the clerkship of the county court in Lancashire, 
and the woodward and surveyor of his Majesty's woods and underwoods 
beyond Trent, parcel of the Duchy of Lancaster, by virtue of a patent 
from his Majesty for term of life. These offices and a hundred marks a 
year out of the Exchequer were her own before her marriage by his 
Honour's favour, and are all which her husband has left yearly for her- 
self and the bringing up of her children. Prays that he will signify his 
pleasure to Mr Chancellor and Mr Attorney of the Duchy that such 
deputies may be appointed by her as they upon conference with Mr 
Justice Warborton shall think sufficient for the execution of the place 
for the benefit of her son during his minority. Undated. 
Holograph Endorsed: '1609.' \j>. (128 96) 



189 

Sir Edward Watson to the Earl of Salisbury 
[1609] — The King, on his second coming into Northamptonshire, for 
the sport he had in Rockingham Park commanded restraint not only of 
the deer, but for the preservation of them and of his woods also. As 
keeper of the park he certifies Salisbury thereof, and sends the King's 
hand for the same by his son, he himself being old and not able to travel. 
He has made stay of sale till Salisbury's pleasure be known. Undated. 
Holograph Endorsed: 1609.' \p. (132 128) 

Sir Richard Weston to the Earl of Salisbury 
[? 1609] — Of a suit, apparently for farming of the stubs and roots in 
forests and chases. Details his dealings with his partners in the suit, and 
the latter's inability; and begs for the bestowal of the suit upon himself. 
Mr Lasley mentioned. Undated. 
Petition 1 p. (132 149) 

Monsieur Willart to 'Millor Sessille' 
[the Earl of Salisbury] Lord Treasurer 
[ ? 1609 or later] — Finding myself upon advice given me from Le Havre 
of the 7th of this month, how two long ships {roberges), said to belong to 
the Queen (a la royne) have taken a ship of Le Havre returning by way 
of Conquest from the Isles of Peru (des ylles du Pérou), the captain of 
which is named J)ingouville, I have thought before making any com- 
plaint thereof, to resort to the agent of his (? her) Majesty near the King 
to beg him to write to the effect that the said ship may be sent back 
without loss or damage; and remembering the friendship you have- 
promised me when I had the honour of seeing you in France, and know- 
ing with what affection you embrace justice, I have desired to accompany 
the letter of the said agent with this word to beseech you to have the 
ship returned to us. Paris. Undated. 

Holograph French Endorsed: 'M. Villart to my L. T'rer.' 1 p. 
(190 22) 

The Company of the Wireworks 
[1609]— Two papers. 

(1) In answer of the two points desired to be agreed unto by the Earl 
of Pembroke, for ending controversies which might let the quiet pro- 
ceeding of the wireworks. The first concerns Tintern, which the Earl 
says is not yet in his possession, being in jointure to his mother, but 
when at his disposal he will refer his right therein to his counsel; and if 
the Earl of Worcester will do the like, an end may be made without 
trouble. The second relates to the rights in the stream at Whitbrooke. 
Undated. 

Endorsed: '1609.' 1 p. (195 132) 

(2) Points to be agreed to by the Earl of Pembroke, for ending the 
controversies as to the wireworks. 

The Earl to recall a lease, which has of late come to light, made by his 
father to the Company of the Battery Works of the water at Tintern; 
and which has ever been held to be the inheritance of the Earl of 
Worcester. For the avoiding of further suit between the Earl of Pem- 



190 

broke and Lord Herbert, it is desired that the Earl would accept a 
surrender of those copyhold lands of inheritance which Lord Herbert 
has bought. The copyholder is now in danger of losing the inheritance 
of the water, and till the controversy be ended, the Company cannot go 
forward with their works at Whitebrook. Undated. 
Endorsed: 'L.K&rb&Tt, 1609.' I p. (P. 2273) 

Inventory of Papers 

[1609 and earlier] — 'Inventory of letters and papers concerning 
public affairs.' 

Includes letters from the Earl of Bedford, Lord Scrope, Mr Drurye, 
Marshal of Berwick, and other officers there touching the state of the 
town and the Borders; also letters relating to divers matters between 
the years 1560 and 1609. 
In several hands 14 pp. (140 40) 

Paul Wentworth to the Earl of Salisbury 
[? Before 1610] — Prays for a renewal of the lease granted to his late 
father, of woods, etc, appertaining to Burnham Abbey, co. Bucks. 
Undated. 
ip. (P. 415) 

George Marshall to the Earl of Salisbury 
1609-10, January 4. — For reward for his services to the King. He 
was the first to bring him news of being proclaimed King of England, 
and was sent by him into the west parts to inform him of the course held 
by his Lordship of Harforde, of whom he had then some suspicion. He 
gave 500 1 for the Laird of Pantaskin's place, and since then has served 
his Majesty, but promises of reward have all come to nothing — as 
Lyttleton's land, forfeited bonds in Wales, Sir John Salisbury's out- 
lawry, lands in Ireland, and Savage's park. Begs Salisbury's further- 
ance in the matter. Stepneye, 4 Januarj^. 
Holograph Endorsed: '1609.' \\pp. (195 95) 

Clarendon Park 
1609-10, January 8. — Note, signed by the Earl of Pembroke, of a 
coppice to be sold in the King's Park of Claringdon, co. Wilts. 8 
January, 7 Jac. 1. 
\p. (132 134) 

Sir John Swinnerton to the Earl of Salisbury 
1609-10, January 11. — Touching his late project concerning the 
alienations. 11 January, 1609. 
Holograph Seal \p. (126 146) 

The Mayor and Corporation of Portsmouth to the Earl of 

Salisbury 
1609-10, January 12. — At the late being of the Earl of Pembroke in 
the town of Portsmouth, we delivered to him the like articles that we 
formerly had prepared unto your Honour, who upon the receipt thereof 



191 

very honourably promised then shortly afterwards to answer the same; 
since which time we attended him, whom we found not then prepared to 
answer them, but delivered that very shortly he would. Since that time, 
Sir Edmund Morgan, knt, his Lordship's lieutenant there, has given out 
speeches that if his Lordship's patent were not of sufficient force to 
command the mayor, constables and other officers of this town at all 
times, then he must or should procure the same to be made powerful 
enough so to do, although we in no wise ever have or do deny to be 
obedient unto his martial government within that place. If such patent 
should be obtained by the Earl so absolute, the civil government belong- 
ing to the mayor and burgesses and the franchises and immunities unto 
them heretofore granted, and the whole state of this town with all the 
charters heretofore made and confirmed unto the mayor and burgesses 
there by his Majesty's progenitors for 400 years past and long before any 
martial government was established in the said town, would soon be 
infringed and much weakened, and in manner overthrown to the utter 
undoing of all the inhabitants thereof. Wherefore we entreat you, if any 
such proceedings be, that we may be called to show unto you the effect 
of our ancient grants and what ordinances and decrees have heretofore 
been established by order of the Privy Council unto the late Queen 
Elizabeth in the seventh year of her reign for the quietness and distinc- 
tion of the governments and several jurisdictions in the said town. From 
Portsmouth, 11 January, 1609 

Signed; John Lardner, Maior; Rychard Elltoun; Owyn Jenens; Rich- 
ard Jervey; IvoFowerson; Henry Jenens; Tho. Tridles; Will. Haber- 
ley. Seal I p. (126 148) 

Thomas Bright, Alderman of Bury St Edmunds, to 
Dudley Norton 
1609-10, January 14. — He has received the Lord Treasurer's letter 
directed to him and the burgesses of the town. His Lordship limits them 
the next term for the making up of the surrender which thereby is 
required; at which time they hope to be better able to give him content- 
ment. Bury St Edmunds, 14 January, 1609. 
Signed I p. (206 55) 

Sir Roger Aston to the Earl of Salisbury 
[1609-10] January 16. — Since it pleased you to give allowance unto 
my grant of the tenants at the Tower, for the which I give you most 
humble thanks, I have caused view to be taken of them, which I am 
informed are such small things and inhabited by persons of so mean 
estate as my benefit is like to be very little except you will favour me in 
the increase of rent, which being but 30 1 a year or thereabout, if it be 
raised to 100 1 yearly which is more than treble the old rent, the tenants 
Avili hardly be drawn without clamour to condescend thereunto and to 
yield me any fines at all. This therefore I move unto your Lordship that 
these rents may be but doubled, which will be above threescore pound a 
year, if you think fit, which I leave to your wisdom; wherein I will only 
acquaint you that upon inquiry I find that the benefit of these tenements 
for the gentleman porter was never but one year's fine according to the 



192 

old rent and the yearly rent itself; which being so he shall now receive 

so much yearly during his life as his predecessors did but once at their 

entrance, and they may then be drawn to some reasonable fine worthy of 

my pains therein and of your favour unto me. From Rostorne, 16 

January. 

Holograph Seal Endorsed: '1609.' I p. (126 151) 

Thomas Lyddbll to the Earl of Salisbury 
1609-10, January 17. — Answers to charges against him in connection 
with the providing of necessaries for certain companies of soldiers. 
Newcastle, 17 January, 1609. 
Signed Much damaged 1 p. (213 16) 

Sir Edward Herbert to the Earl of Salisbury 
1609-10, January 18. — Let me recommend my wife and Sir Robert 
Harley as guardians of my children, if I die. If I live, I entreat you to 
beseem that I will bring obedience and truth to all your commands. 18 
January, 1609. 
Holograph Seal \p. (126 152) 

Sir Thomas Lake to the Earl of Salisbury 
1609-10, January 18. — Because I find nobody here going to London, 
I have thought good to send back to your Lordship by the post the letters 
of Venice and the bills signed, together with a privy seal for Sir John 
Spilman for jewels. His Majesty is well pleased with the news of Venice. 
I have nothing else to trouble j^ou with but that his Majesty is much 
offended with a complaint made to him yesterday of deer stolen in 
Waltham forest by Sir Edward Cooke. His Majesty has given no direc- 
tion about it yet, but is very impatient to hear of it. From the Court at 
Royston, 18 January, 1609. 
Holograph Seal \p. (126 153) 

Sir Roger Aston to the Earl of Salisbury 
1609-10, January 18. — I have nothing only to let you know his 
Majesty is very well. This day there is a great complaint made by one of 
the grooms of the Queen's chamber, that has the keeping of a walk in 
Waltham forest, upon Sir Edward Cooke that has lately killed a deer 
there with his grooms. His Majesty is highly offended, and says he shall 
be punished with rigour. Because your Lordship favours the gentleman 
who I know is your kinsman and servant, I thought good to let you know 
this much. His Majesty says he will challenge you for his fault, but that 
was but merrily. The gentleman will be severely censured in the Star 
Chamber as a breaker of the law against the proclamation. The like 
complaint is come against a brother of the Lord Gras [Grey's] in the same 
place. This is all I can write for the present. From Roystorne, 18 
January. 
Holograph Seal Endorsed: '1609.' I p. (126 154} 



193 

Lord Bruce of Kinloss to the Earl of Salisbury 
1609-10, January 18. — I have this morning received a letter from one 
James Conwaye, a prisoner in the Gatehouse, which 1 send here enclosed 
to your Lordship. I would have waited on you myself, but that the 
state of my body is such as I cannot. I know not the matter he writes of, 
neither expect I any great discovery from a personage of his quality. 
'Rolles', 18 January, 1609. 
Signed \p. (126 156) 

The Enclosure 
James Conway to Lord Kinloss 
I beseech your Lordship to send for me to come before my Lord 
Treasurer or you that I may reveal unto you something in private that 
I have lately seen and observed tending to the dishonour of his Majesty 
and breach of his laws. From the Gatehouse, Westminster, 18 January, 
1609. 
Holograph Seal \p. (126 155) 

Doctor Valentine Carey to the Earl of Salisbury 
1609-10, January 19. — I received from your Lordship a letter with a 
petition enclosed on behalf of Mr Hewett. To your pleasure therein, as 
in all things else, I desire according to my bounden duty to give satis- 
faction. I have formerly gathered from your words, and now by your 
writing perceive, that it stands best with your liking to have the most 
worthy first respected in our elections according to the statutes of our 
College. Among divers competitors for a now void Fellowship in Christ's 
College there is one Francklin, of the same house, a Master of Arts, in 
time ancient to Mr Hewett, in learning more eminent, in adherence to 
the factious sort less suspected, to whom the statutes of the house do 
more directly point and lead me, as it were, by the hand. Inquiring both 
at home and abroad, a general testimony was given me in the University 
of Francklin's worth, and a disparaging of Mr Hewett in comparison of 
him, under the hands of these few in the College who with me strive 
against the 'humorous' streams, which I made bold to send unto you. 
Besides my conscience, guided by our statutes to the most worthy, and 
my obedience to the commandments of the King my master for the 
reforming of this place, which cannot be done but by special care taken 
in elections, my assured persuasion of your inclination to the most de- 
serving has emboldened me to incline to this Francklin and to reserve Mr 
Hewett for some future preferment. In this hope I humbly crave your 
allowance of my proceedings. Christ's Coll[ege] in Cambridge], 19 
January, 1609. 
Holograph Seal I p. (126 157) 

The Enclosure 
Certificate in like terms on behalf of their Master's judgment. Undated 
Signed: Jacob Haryson; William Syddall; Gabriel More; William 
Addison. \p. (126 158) 



194 

Sir Edward Coke to the Earl of Salisbury 
1609-10, January 21. — Lest my answer, being so succinct as it was, 
should (especially the subject being legal) breed obscurity, I am bold 
somewhat more largely to explain myself. After I received his Majesty's 
pleasure that he meant to erect an office of making of writs of supersedeas 
in the Court of Common Pleas, I considered of it with full purpose to 
further it all that I could justly. I conferred with my brethren [and] we 
upon deliberate advice resolved that the erection of this new office should 
be utterly void for these causes: 1. The making of them belongs to 
officers now in being, who have state of freehold in their office for the 
term of their lives; 2. It is against the subject, who has an interest in the 
officers warranted by law to have writs concerning his relief made by law- 
ful officers and not by unlawful; 3. It lies not in my power to allow it, for 
that the making thereof belongs to present officers, as is abovesaid, and 
no new officer can be allowed by one judge only but by the Court; lastly, 
the like office was rejected by letters patents under the Great Seal in 29 
Eliz, and the sole making of supersedeas in the Court of Common Pleas 
granted (as now is desired) to Caundishe, at my Lord of Leicester's suit, 
and this matter was then debated by the judges and resolved that the 
grant was void; and her Majesty being informed that the grant was 
against law rested satisfied. We have heard that my Lord Gaudy 
promised his Majesty to grant it, but upon conference with his brethren 
and upon true understanding of the cause, he with his brethren were 
against it. 21 January, 1609. 
Holograph Seal \p. (126 159) 

The Bishop of Durham to the Earl of Salisbury 
1609-10, January 21. — Upon the receipt of your letter to assist Sir 
John Bowser and Mr Turner, his Majesty's agents for the alum mines, I 
directed Mr Willis, the paymaster, to my officers with special direction 
to them, my solicitor being the same day to keep a court at Sunderland, 
where the abuses were committed, to learn the truth of all that had 
passed and to apprehend the parties who had disturbed them in his 
Majesty's service. Thereupon 6 of the principal, for example to the 
country, were bound to the quarter sessions, where they were indicted 
and fined for their misbehaviours. And of Sir John Bowser's and Mr 
Turner's men (although much was attempted against them), not one of 
them was found in any the least thing faulty. Mr Serjeant Hutton, Chan- 
cellor here, upon hearing the matter in question at large in the chancery, 
decreed possession presently to be given of 4 of the best cooks for hi& 
Majesty's service, which they now enjoy. Mr Ralph Bowes did not only 
not partake with the malefactors, but, being a justice of peace and on the 
bench, did show himself very ready and forward to prefer his Majesty's 
service. This trouble and stir was plotted from London the last term by 
Wright, the busy attorney, one of the townsmen of Duresme, by his 
letters sent to the parties offending, as they have confessed. And by him 
and his brother, a very simple man was brought before the justice of the 
peace to take his oath against Sir John Bowser and Mr Turner's people, 
whom himself openly confessed before the bench and the whole country 
to be honest men and his loving friends, and the Wrights paid the 



195 

justice's clerk his fees, the poor man being nothing privy thereunto. 
Wright, although he be an officer of mine and a tenant to great things, 
is the only stirrer of troubles between me and my neighbours of Duresme. 
God, I trust, in time will teach him and other the like busy spirits here- 
after to live in peace. Your letters of the 10th of this month by the post 
with a supersedeas to the commoners about Branspeth were delivered to 
me the 15th, which I presently sent to Mr Scroope, the first in the 
commission. I doubt not but at the Parliament, when I shall attend your 
Lordship, to give you in this and other things further satisfaction. 21 
January, 1609. 
Signed * Seal 1 p. (126 160) 



Dr Roger Goade to the Earl of Salisbury 
1609-10, January 21. — The Lord Chancellor having granted a day of 
hearing the third S[tar] Chamber day this term, prays his Lordship's 
presence at the hearing as he promised last August. At Salisbury's 
direction he went to the Lord Chancellor, signified the cause and made 
petition for a day of hearing, whose answer was he had heard of the fact 
at the Council table; that it was very fou[l] and meet to have an example 
made. And for day of hearing, that they were fully taken up, yet willed 
he that Mr Attorney-General might repair to him and he would do what 
he could, the suit being for the King, and Salisbury some way interested 
therein. Deferred to signify this till near the day of hearing. 

May not keep back an accident that fell out in October. Two of the 
defendants in the cause, Mr Woodyear and Mr Griffin (accessories and 
partners with Mr Lyle the principal) found means to get letters testi- 
monial from the University under the Common Seal, by a surreptitious 
grace in the end of a congregation when few were left, to this effect: 
Robertus Cecilius, Cancell. Noveritis A.B. esse magistrum in artibus et 
bene, honeste et pacifiée se gessisse. Now if testimonial be produced 
contrary to evidence which will be opened and be styled under the name 
of the head of their body, Salisbury having knowledge thereof before 
may use it in his wisdom. 

All things are prepared sufficiently; two of his sons will attend and 
follow the cause for their brother's bloody injury, and his Lordship shall 
have a breviate as promised. Referring the rest to the bearers humbly 
takes leave. 21 January, 1609, from King's College in Cambridge. 
Signed Seal I p. (136 195) 



John Dufort to the Earl of Salisbury 
1609-10, January 21 . — The University, upon Mr Dean of Canterbury's 
giving over the place on the 17th of this present, chose me Vice- 
Chancellor, and so once more laid a burden upon me far too heavy for 
my weak shoulders to bear without your favour and countenance. I 
entreat the continuance of your wonted care over us, and your direction 
from time to time for the best managing of this weighty business. Jesus 
College in Cambridge, 21 January, 1609. 
Holograph \p. (195 96) 



196 

The Bishop of Lincoln to the Earl of Salisbury 
1609-10, January 22. — I understand that within these few days the 
outrageous misdemeanour committed in the King's College shall be 
heard in that High Court of the Star Chamber. 1 am informed that in 
the course of these proceedings, the party delinquent has in his bills of 
answer fastened upon me (who am in no way interested in that business) 
some slanderous imputations, altogether impertinent to the point in 
hand, only to vent his rancour against me for confirming the Provost's 
sentence executed upon him when I was called to visit that college, and 
to the execution whereof the royal founder has in the statutes charged my 
conscience with a heavy burden. I desire your Lordship not to suffer 
me in my absence when I cannot answer for myself, and upon record, 
thus to be traduced. I refuse not the examining of any judicial action 
of mine if that honourable Court call it in question. I am a man of many 
infirmities and may err, but if extra causant I be brought in obtorto collo 
for a young malcontent to wreak his malice publicly and eternally upon 
me, I trust you will have consideration thereof, and submit myself to 
your judgment. From Bugden, 22 January, 1609. 
Signed Seal I p. (126 161) 

The Export of Gunpowder 
1609-10, January 22. — Warrant to the Earl of Salisbury to issue a 
licence to the Earl of Worcester and his assigns to transport into any 
foreign parts of Christendom, in unity with the King, 1200 barrels of 
gunpowder for the current year; and thereafter from time to time to 
transport all such monthly proportion of the powder which they have 
contracted to serve into the King's store as shall be by the officers of 
the Ordnance not received in regard of the abundance already therein. 
This licence to continue so long as the officers of the Ordnance shall not 
think fit to take into store the whole proportion monthly which they are 
bound to deliver. Given under the Signet at the Palace of Westminster, 
22 January in the seventh year of the King's reign. 
Seal I p. (126 162) 

Sir Thomas Lake to the Earl of Salisbury 
1609-10, January 22. — I have nothing to trouble you with but the 
sending back of the French letter and this letter to my Lord Chamber- 
lain, which is concerning the providing of the library at Whitehall for 
Sir Peter Yong. His Majesty at the reading of your letter was well 
pleased with the commendation of his own attentiveness to his thrift 
and of the report of Sir John Kennedy's business. I have sent back the 
Lord Chancellor of Ireland's letter that you may see his requests, but 
his Majesty thinks it not fit for him to v> rite in a case of justice, but 
when he sees your Lordship he will tell his mind, what may be done. 

I received within the packet from you two Avarrants for money 
matters, the one concerning the toils, the other the Children of the 
Chapel, both concerning my Lord Chamberlain's charge; but because 
there is no mention of them in your letter, nor the bills be subscribed by 
any officer to signify by whose direction they were made, nor any order 
come to me from any other whose direction I was to take, I have thought 



197 

best to return them, and if they be made with your privity or Mr 
Chancellor's or the Lord Chamberlain's, that either they may be sub- 
scribed there, or else direction given to me what to do with them; for it 
seems to me the sums may be of good money due. My Lord of Rochester 
has sent hither to have his conge d'esliri [sic] drawn for Lichfield, but I 
hear not of it neither from your Lordship nor my Lord of Canterbury. 
From the Court at Royston, 22 January, 1609. 
Holograph Seal \±p. (126 163) 

Edmund Lassells to the Earl of Salisbury 
[1609-10] — January 25. — I acknowledge your favour, in that it 
pleased you, upon petition delivered by my wife for the receiving of my 
wages of 20 1 by year given me by his Majesty's bill assigned during my 
life, to answer you would speak with Mr Cofferer to receive information 
of what was due to me, and of that I should not be deprived. I beseech 
you to remember that charitable intention, and afford me your goodness 
so far as to give Mr Cofferer order to pay it. 

I am now to serve the Marquis of Brandenburg in his war in Cleave, if 
it proceed (as there is now no other likelihood), the Duke of Saxony 
having protested, as we hear, to maintain his title against the Marquis. 
To bring me thither 1 have small means, and less to leave to my wife and 
her poor children in my absence. Therefore I beg your charitable con- 
sideration of my just and small request. From Antwerp, 25 January. 
Holograph Seal Endorsed: '1609.' 1 p. (126 164) 

Sir Thomas Lake to the Earl of Salisbury 
1609-10, January 25. — His Majesty has commanded me to let you 
know that as soon as he heard of the arrival of the French Ambassador 
at London, he was minded to have written to you that because the 
Ambassador should not think long of his stay, his Highness being so far 
off from him, and stay the less while after his Highness's return, some 
conference might pass between him and you; wherein when you had 
heard the particulars of his message and debated thereof with him, it 
might be the riper for a dispatch when his Majesty came. But then he 
doubted the Ambassador would be loth to utter himself till he had first 
spoken with his Majesty, yet now finding by my Lord Hay that himself 
is willing and desirous that such a conference may pass between you and 
him, wherein he will open the substance of his charge, his Majesty thinks 
fit you and he should speak together, that when you have heard him and 
considered of his propositions, his Majesty may be the better instructed 
for his answer and dispatch at his return. From the Court at Royston, 
25 January, 1609. 
Holograph Seal I p. (126 165) 

The Earl of Sussex to [the Earl of Salisbury] 
1609-10, January 26. — I have sent you the particular in which I moved 
you at my last being with you, wherein I pray your favourable opinion 
for the other business between you and me. I have sent such things as 
are necessary to be used in the same to Jo. Moore of Lincoln's Inn, one 
of my counsel, who will at all times be ready to confer with yours. I find 



198 

my wife exceeding forward and willing to relinquish part of her jointure 
to so good a purpose as for her son's preferment, my contentment, and 
both our trusts reposed in your most noble self, to whom we bequeath 
our child as to one whose love we know may make us and our posterity 
happy. I would have been myself with you but that I had taken an 
extreme cold, which agrees not with the bitterness of the weather. 
Charter House Churche yarde, 26 January, 1609. 
Signed \p. (126 166) 

Thomas Brudenell to the Earl of Salisbury 
1609-10, January 26. — Seeing all or the best part of my fortunes have 
fallen upon me since the time of his Majesty's distribution of honour (and 
to have sought it before had been but an abuse of his princely bounty), 
but now they meeting with his most royal son's instalment, and in 
regard divers gentlemen in my country, whose predecessors never being 
reputed in equal rank with mine, have lately thought their grace and 
priority far to exceed mine because I stand still in the same degree that 
my birth bestowed upon me, which birth I repute not a little enriched 
being not far off descended from the same stem that your Lordship is 
happily issued. These reasons made me then sleep, these makes [sic] 
me now wake and move your favour that I may live hereafter graced by 
my prince and raised by your Honour to such degree as it shall like 
his Majesty at this time of solemnisation to distribute to unhonoured 
gentlemen of better rank. 26 January, 1609. 
Signed Seal I p. (126 167) 

The Master and Fellows of Trinity College, Cambridge, 
to the Earl of Salisbury 
1609-10, January 29. — Being possessed of the parsonage of Aysgirth 
in Yorkshire, where Sir Thomas Metcalfe and his ancestors have for a 
long time been their farmers, they have found by divers surveys, and 
especially the last, that the inhabitants of the parish have for a long 
space withheld a great benefit of tithe in all right and likelihood belong- 
ing to the College. Finding that by long sufferance the same rights may 
grow in time to be extinguished, they called upon their tenant to take 
upon him the trial of their right; who about four years since put the 
same in suit in divers courts to his great charge. It is now appointed to 
be heard before his Honour in the Exchequer, wherefore they pray him 
to vouchsafe his favour when the trial shall come for hearing. Trinity 
College in Cambr: January 29, 1609. 

Signed: Tho. Nevile; Jer. Radcliffe; Thomas Harrison; William Hall: 
Samuel Heron; Paul Thompson; Richard Wright; Thomas Furtho; 
William Barton. Part of seal I p. (136 196) 

The Earl of Salisbury to the Town of Bury 
[1609-10, January.] — -It is now more than a year since you obtained 
from the King, in consideration of your great loss by fire, a gift of lands 
and other things of good value, amongst which you passed against 
meaning certain parcels of the manor of Bury which were within the 
annexation. 



199 

I called your solicitor to me and gave order that the same should be 
reconveyed to his Majesty without your loss in your value, for I gave 
him choice to make up the like value in other things. This he often 
promised to do but it remains undone, which seems strange to me con- 
sidering how willing I was to join with other of my Lords to do you any 
good without neglect of mine own duty. But because this ma}- proceed 
rather from himself than of any general backwardness in your whole 
body, I forbear to censure you till I hear your answer. Therefore I have 
written requiring you to give order that the surrender may be made this 
next Hilary term without fail. I suppose you know the parcels that are 
to be surrendered, viz, the yearly rent of 8 1 10' for the fairs and markets 
in Bury and the ground and soil whereupon the same are kept, and all 
the cottages and stalls called the Bucherie. 

Draft, corrected and signed by Salisbury Endorsed: Jan. 1609.' 1 p. 
(126 170) 



Lord Hay to the Earl of Salisbury 
[1609-10 January]. — After I had been with you the other night it was 
my fortune to come to the knowledge of an especial error which I com- 
mitted, for staying so long with you, by learning of your indisposition all 
the day before. The serious remorse I have had ever since makes me 
entreat you to impute so incivil and preposterous an offence to no other 
cause but the sweetness of your discourse, which did hold me so enchained 
by the ears that in truth I did forget myself. In acquainting his Majesty 
with the French Ambassador's desire to communicate to you his business 
with his Majesty, [his Majesty] is not only content but infinitely desirous 
[it] should be. I could have used greater haste in this dispatch, but that 
you desired some respite of time for the review of your papers to prepare 
yourself for him. Undated 

PS. — Since it was the French Ambassador's desire that in his name I 
should move his Majesty for the communication of the affairs betwixt 
you and him, I returned him an answer by my own pen. which I entreat 
may be sent by some messenger of your Lordship's. 
Holograph Seals Endorsed: 'Jan. 1609.' 2pp. (126 171) 



Sir Richard Warberton to the Earl of Salisbury 
[1609-10 January]. — The indisposition of my body is such as I cannot 
now write much, therefore I beseech you pardon my abruptness. My 
suit is that you will give your consent that I may pass over that company 
of foot which I hold in the Briell unto Capt. Daniel Veere, whereunto I 
have already the consent of Sir Horatio Veere, the governor. I confess 
it will be a means that I shall leave something the more to my wife and 
your godson, if God call me. Undated. 

PS. — For the 100 marks by the year which is my wife's pension out of 
the Exchequer, I hope your hands will be as open unto her after my 
death as they have been in my life, for it is all she has to give her 
children bread. 
Holograph Seal Endorsed: 'Jan. 1609.' 1 p. (126 173) 



200 

Sir Francis Darcy to the Earl of Salisbury 
[? 1609-10 c. January] — Refers to his long services at home and 
abroad in many countries, in which he consumed the greatest part of his 
patrimony, and appeals for relief for himself, his wife and children. Un- 
dated. 

Holograph I p. (130 126) 
[See Cal.S.P.Dom., 1603-10, p. 581] 

Princess Elizabeth to the Earl of Salisbury 
[? 1609-10, January] — Monsieur, le present que par vostre moyen j'ay 
receu du Roy mon père est, je le confesse, avec vous pour m'insiter de 
plus en plus au chemin de vertu, en quoy je m'enployeray de tout mon 
pouvoir; mais aussi m'est il un tesmoignage de la bonne vollonte que 
vous me portes que je recois et estime vous en remerciant et priant me la 
vouloir continuer; et lors que j'auray meilleure occasion que mes lettres 
je vous feray voir la vérité qui est que je serai toujours vostre bonne 
amie, Elizabeth. Undated. 
Holograph Seal on pink silk I p. (134 165) 
[See Cal.S.P.Dom.. 1603-10, p. 582] 

Copper 
[? 1609-10, January or later] — Thomas Russell having found out a 
way to make copper by dissolution by water, petitioned the King for 
licence to him only. The petition was referred to the Lord Treasurer 
who consented to the patent being made to Russell,* and to two others, 
Bell and Johnson, on his Lordship's behalf. The patent was so granted 
at Russell's charge. As his Lordship would not adventure anything to 
prosecute the invention, and as Russell could not procure anyone to 
adventure so long as his Lordship held the two thirds, Bell and Johnson 
made over their parts to Russell, he paying to them, for his Lordship's 
use, 20 1 for every ton of copper. This 20 1 Russell is willing to pay, if the 
Lord Treasurer will free him from any other charges and from molesta- 
tion, according to his promise. Undated. 
Endorsed: 'Mr Ewert for copper mines.' lp. (196 129) 

Captain Throgmorton to the Earl of Salisbury 
1609-10, February 1. — I received your letter the 29th January, where- 
by I understand complaint has been made by the inhabitants here- 
abouts of many disorders committed by the soldiers here at Milton. I 
do assure you upon my credit they never offered offence to the town 
or country, more than at their first coming betwixt them and the thieves 
of the country there were some 30 or 40 muttons stolen. And whereas 
you tax us with ill-governing of them, the cause whereof your Lordship, 
it seems, has been informed our not residing with them, for my own 
part I was not three nights from them since I landed, and the last night 
was to visit a gent[leman] I brought out of Ireland, who is committed to 
Canterbury gaol for suspicion of robbing by the highway; in whose 
behalf I am suitor to you to direct your letters to Mr Levesie that com- 

* The grant was dated 26 January, 1609-10 [See Cal.S.P.Dom, 1611-19 p. 250.] 



201 

mitted him, or any others whom you shall think fit, to release him. 
He is a dangerous fellow and not fit to be left behinds. His name is 
Ardell McDowrie Mahon. 

The second information to your Lordship much grieves me that I 
should be so much wronged. If I would have been false to the trust 
reposed in me by the Lord Deputy of Ireland, I might better have made 
merchandise of it there than here, but the dismissing of any was and is 
so far from any such purpose as that I ever detested any such motion; 
for I do so far understand this employment as that if I should consent to 
do so foul a deed, I should think myself not worthy to be reputed 
amongst honest men. I did not out of the woods and other places, as 
my Lord Deputy knows, collect 143 of them and kept them 5 or 6 weeks 
upon my own charges till they were shipped, with any purpose to dis- 
miss any; and for 'caring' [sic, carrying] any English with me here is one 
from Mr Stalendge to see us shipped tomorrow can witness I had never 
any such intention. I know you will not upon any information censure 
of me otherwise than I deserve. Milton, this first of January [sic], 1609. 
Holograph Seal Endorsed: 'primo Febr 1609.' 1 p. (126 143) 

Sales of Manors and Lands 
1609-10, February 5. — Warrant signed by the Earl of Salisbury and 
Sir Julius Caesar. The contractors for manors and lands to be granted to 
them by way of sales in gross in fee simple or fee farm, complain of the 
too great value set down by the auditors for perquisites of courts. The 
warrant gives directions at length how the valuations are to be made. 
5 February, 1609. 
Contemporary copy. 2 pp. (195 98) 

Sir Richard Oglethorp to the Earl of Salisbury 
1609-10, February 7. — His Majesty's will for Mr Baron Hasset is 
already performed here, and by your letters he has place of the second 
baron of the Exchequer in this kingdom where, for the increase of my 
time, we have done reasonable well since I have been twice chief and 
second of that Court. I have your letters of leave to do my duty in 
England and also to see my aged father, and my occasions moving. I 
have at this time no other suit, but where the Lord Deputy and Council 
by their letters heretofore for the Lord Dudley and others have written 
that I may have my part of lands in the province of Ulster, and Mi' 
Treasurer to that effect will move again, I may the rather and the 
sooner receive direction for my portion by the soliciting of tins gentle- 
man, the bearer hereof, Mr Rob. Calvert, that I may pass letters patent 
for so much, and know my own; and so take benefit of your letters afore- 
said by no longer delay of my coming over but against the next winter, 
as I writ before. I desire that I may be appointed one for that division 
in the North, and for the same bring account at my coming, which will 
not be easily obtained here without your warrant in my behalf. As I 
have been bound to your father for his own hand's admittance into 
Graie's Inn, I will not doubt to live in your favour. At Dublin, 7 
February, 1609. 
Holograph Seal 1 p. (126 174) 

CM— P 



202 

Viscount Mountague to the Earl of Salisbury 
1609-10, February 9. — Whereas in a letter of your Lordship's dated 
yesterday the 8th of this February you require me to send unto you for 
his Majesty's service one Belamy by John Stoning, the bearer of your 
letter, I do protest on my fidelity that I neither have or ever had a 
servant of that name or the like, nor do I know any man in the world 
that is so called or whom I conceive you to mean. Cowdry, 9 February. 
1609. 
Holograph Seal I p. (104 13) 

Edward Palavicini to the Earl of Salisbury 
1609-10, February 10/20. — The Palavicini of Genoa are sending an 
agent to London to obtain payment of the sum due to them by the King. 
Although confident that justice will be done to their claims, they have 
supplied him with means to give a handsome gratuity to any person 
who can expedite matters. I have thought well to inform you, and 
should be glad to know your intentions, knowing that you can bring 
matters to a satisfactory conclusion for those who deserve it. London. 
20 February, 1610 [?N.S.]. 
Signed Seal Italian \p. (195 138) 

Sir Thomas Phillips to the Earl of Salisbury 
1609-10, February 16. — At my coming to the ship, I found the cap- 
tain, master and 'marrines' kept aboard by the Irish soldiers, who would 
not permit them to go ashore. The soldiers said it was to the end that 
Captain Throgmorton should not go ashore to hinder them of their due, 
which they allege they have not received to the full of 8 d a day; besides 
they complain of the weights of their victuals and measure of beer. Also 
the cloth whereof the 'trowses' were made was so bad as they hurled 
some 3 or 4 pair over the ship's side for me to see. After parley I caused 
them to hoist out the boat, that the captains [sic], master and 3 or 4 of 
the ringleaders should come ashore. On examination, having the vict- 
ualler with me, the captain clears himself, but affirms that they are short 
of their 'shortes', some 150, and that some of the cloth was naught, and 
that they have not victuals for above 10 days. I send this letter by the 
victualler, Somerland, that they may be supplied of their wants and 
victuals for 12 days more, which if presently supplied the master will 
set sail forthwith. I have sent into the country to inquire further of 
their misdemeanours, to the end that the principal offenders being found, 
both of that disorder and this mutiny, I might take a course for their 
punishment. Tilberie, 16 February, 1609. 
Holograph \p. (127 4) 

Levynus Munck to Roger Houghton 
1609-10, February 26. — The Lord Treasurer wishes you to deliver to 
the bearer 50 1 for one whom his Lordship empWs in Germany. Court 
at Whitehall, 26 February, 1609. 
Holograph Receipt at foot for 5W by John Castle h p. (213 3a) 



203 

Imposition on Sugar 
1609-10, February 26. — Warrant to the Treasurer and Under- 
Treasurer of the Exchequer, with respect to the imposition on sugar. 
Palace of Westminster, 26 February, 1609. 
Parchment 1 p. (219 9) 

James Douglas to the Earl of Salisbury 
[1609-10, February] — The King has granted him the pardon of Sir 
Robert Basset, fugitive, if he shall conceive it to be grantable. Begs 
Salisbury's favour in the matter. Undated 
Signed Endorsed: 'Feb. 1609.' \p. (127 6) 

William Lisle to the Earl of Salisbury 
[1609-10, February] — I am sorry you hold that hard opinion of me 
showed in your late speech at the Star Chamber. I do not justify myself 
against whatever sentence shall be given by so honourable a Court, or by 
you alone, to whom, as chief magistrate of our University, I submit, 
acknowledging my fault and craving pardon. Because I do not know 
how much the gravity of this Court may prejudice me, I desire you (in 
regard I am yet a member of the University) to stay the proceeding here, 
and I shall obey what order you appoint. Undated 
Holograph Endorsed: 'Feb. 1609.' I p. (127 7) 

Proposition of the French Ambassador 

[? 1609-10, February] — -The proposition of the French Ambassador 
tended to an overture of a league defensive and offensive to be made 
between his Majesty and the French King for the present defence of the 
States against the King of Spain and the Archdukes. 

This proposition seemed grounded upon an opinion the French have 
that Spain will retract the yielding up of the sovereignty of those Pro- 
vinces, and therefore the States must be assisted in the war or utterly 
perish. 

The effect of this overture besides is to take away all jealousies and 
coldness growing daily more and more between Great Britain and 
France, and to unite and confirm them indivisibly together by taking 
away all dependency from others. 

The circumstances considerable in this overture are: 

1. That it is made in private upon particular confidence of each 
other's good disposition to their princes. 

2. That it is only warranted from Mons r de Villeroy, and not directly 
proceeding from the King. 

3. That the answer required thereunto is to be speedy and directly to 
the point itself, without further consideration as is necessary in a matter 
of that weight and import. 

4. That if the proposition be but verbally approved by me, the 
Ambassador will procure sufficient authority from the King to proceed 
further in it. 

And lastly, that for the interim it is offered that the alliance or mar- 
riage which Spain is to offer to France shall be directly rejected, if this 
proposition be but tasted here. 



204 

In all which these things fall to be principally considerable : 

1 . Whether this overture may be meant sincerely or be only a device 
to serve the French turn. 

2. Howsoever it be intended, whether it be not fit to be entertained 
accordingly. 

3. In the entertaining of it, these things are principally to be observed 
for the making of the answer accordingly. 

4. Whether it be likely or not that Spain will not proceed in the course 
of pacification with the States, as now it stands. 

5. Whether if Spain do retract the sovereignty the States are like to 
break the treaty or not. 

6. If the States enter into war upon it, whether they cannot for a 
while support the same by their own means, as hitherto they have done, 
or must needs perish. 

7 . If they must be supported from abroad in the war, then to con- 
sider whether this cannot be done by an underhand assistance, which 
may be avowed or disavowed as occasion shall be offered. 

8. Or whether it will be more expedient for the common good to enter 
into an open war for them. 

9. If an underhand assistance be resolved upon, then to consider by 
what means it can be raised, great or small, on his Majesty's part. 

10. If an open war be preferred, then which way his Majesty can 
support it, his affairs standing as they do. 

11. But if Spain assures the States the sovereignty, whether it is 
likely he will not give them contentment also in the other inferior points, 
or whether the States will stand so peremptorily on these inferior things 
as with contentment to break for them. 

And lastly, whether the States receiving such contentment from 
Spain, they will be induced to break their peace. 

For the alliance of Spain with France, it is to be considered whether 
Spain will offer it or not. 

And if he offer it, whether it be not past refusing. 

Then, if the offer is like to be simply or conditionally with some advan- 
tage for Spain against the States. 

And if the condition be of disadvantage to the States, whether France 
is like to accept it or not. 

If it be simply offered, it must be considered also what prejudice such 
a match can bring to Great Britain, or whether the like contracts for 
their other children may not be interchangeably made hereafter amongst 
France, Spain or Great Britain, without prejudice one to another. 

The Treaty defensive first offered to be made in Holland between his 
Majesty, the French King and the States was also conditionally depend- 
ing upon the success of the peace between Spain and the States. It was 
to be defensive, one for another, against all foreign invasions and home- 
bred stirs and rebellions, but in all other things answerable to his 
Majesty's treaty with the States which is now concluded. 

The Treaty now come from the States is the original signed by all the 
commissioners, and is to be ratified within three days after the date of it, 
by the States General, and within two months after by the particular 
Provinces, and within the like time by his Majesty, to be delivered 



205 

interchangeably at the Hague. Of the two months there is already now 
twenty-four days expired, so as it will be fit to be expedited out of hand 
here, because of the uncertainty of wind and weather that may hinder 
the transportation. Undated 

Endorsed in Salisbury's handwriting: 'Considerations for France.' The 
following are amongst the notes written by Salisbury on the last page. 

The States made known their demands and b}' that a judgment to 
follow. 

The sum of all that his Majesty had equal care of the States with him, 
and would in counsel and action do all that should be thought fit, as far 
as might be. 

Alincourt's negotiations with Venice for Jesuits. His protestation 
against Don Juan de Medicis. 

For the States either they must live in peace or war. If a peace may be 
had upon the terms already spoken, much better than to struggle for a 
war uncertain in the issue. 

For first it giveth repose while it lasts, and if it break, we may be 
better justified as we are now tied to begin our assistance of them. 

The considerations are many which move for further deliberation. The 
arguments more likely for peace than war. 

Don Pedro come. 
4 pp. (128 90) 
[See Cal.S. P. Venice, 1607-1610, pp. 419, 432, 446] 

Arthur Jacksonne to the Earl of Salisbury 
[ I 1609-10, c. February] — Your patient hearing of all and honourable 
usage of those who clear themselves from all suspicion of intended 
rebellion, is greatly to be commended. If I have deserved either to be 
cast out of my Prince's protection or his nobility's charitable conceit, I 
crave the law; if not, then liberty is my due. If you conceived how 
great my wants are, my trial should be short. I beseech your answer, 
and what service lies in my power, either here, at Rome, in Spain or 
Flanders, shall be at your command. Undated. 
Holograph \p. (130 145) 
[See Cal.S. P.Dom., 1603-1610, p. 589] 

Sir Henry Goodere to the Earl of Salisbury 
[1609-10, February] — He is suing for the escheat of John King and 
one Bennett and others, who have lately slain a man at Stepney, and 
begs Salisbury's furtherance. He has had no fruit from the two escheats 
and the recusants previously granted him. His chargeable service to the 
King (being 5000 1 worse than he was) has brought his estate very low. 
Undated. 
Holograph Endorsed: 'Feb. 1609'. \p. (195 99) 

The Countess of Montgomery to the Lord Treasurer 
[1609-10, February] — For the bestowal upon her of the ward which 
Mr Cercam has the note of. From your affectionate niece. Undated. 
? Holograph Endorsed: 'Feb. 1609.' I p. (206 56) 



206 

Bossley Manor, Cheshire 

[1609-10, February] — The answer of Mr Edward Fitton concerning 
the manor of Bossley, Cheshire. 

William, Earl of Derby, contracted with Sir Edward Fitton, of 
Gaws worth, and Francis Fitton, his uncle, to convey the manor to 
Francis; and there was a secret trust between Sir Edward and Francis 
that the latter should, after Sir Edward's decease, convey the manor to 
continue to the succeeding heirs of Sir Edward. Details of the steps 
taken to carry out this arrangement. Undated. 
Endorsed: '1609.' \p. (P. 2276) 
[See Cal.S.P.Dom., 1603-1610, p. 587]. 

Bailiffs and Inhabitants of Great Yarmouth 
to the Earl of Salisbury 
[1609-10, February or later] — Pray him to further their suit to the 
King for confirmation of their ancient charters and privileges, and for 
some new additions thereunto. Undated. 
\p. (P. 2039) 
[See Commons Journals, I, pp. 400, 410] 

T[homas] Mewtus to the Earl of Salisbury 
1609-10, March 3. — I thank you for your last letters to the States and 
Ambassadors in my behalf for the standing of my company, if the truce 
chance to go forward. Yet some great personages amongst us feed 
themselves with an opinion to the contrary; and for my own part, so it 
prejudice not our State, I wish with all my heart that they were to- 
gether by the ears again as soundly as ever they were. Hage, 3 of March, 
1609. 
Holograph I p. (127 8) 

Sir Anthony Ashley to the Earl of Salisbury 
1609-10, March 5. — It is many days that I delivered my patent of the 
clerkship of the Council to the Attorney-General, so that I have nothing 
to show at the quarter day now at hand, either for my fee as formerly, 
or for a yearly pension to that value that you granted me. I let you 
understand thus much, that no blame be imputed to me for slackness. 
My poor house in Holburne, 5 March, 1609. 
Signed \p. (127 9) 

Lord Zouche to the Earl of Salisbury 
1609-10, March 13. — He has obtained from the King four da3*s' leave 
of absence. Begs Salisbury to make his excuse at the House if there be 
occasion. Savoy, 13 March, 1609. 
Holograph I p. (127 10) 



Sir William Bowyer to Thomas Wilson 
[1609-10] March 13. — I have laden aboard the St Peter of Bergen, the 
master being Gart Lamersine, for my Lord Treasurer 3000 foot of stone 
in 1743 pieces, which makes your desired quantity, and have agreed 



207 

with the merchant of the ship, Mr Thomas Bradford, for 10" the ton 
accounting 50 foot to the ton, which makes 60 tons amounting to 30 1 
for his freight; which is the best cheap I possibly could get, considering 
the unproper place to lade them where they are won. Also myself and 
Mr Borell have given our bills to him of the payment of the said 30 l , 
which I pray you receive of him in discharging and paying him his 
freight. And we received of him 28 1 which I had disbursed for my Lord, 
which is 25 1 for the stones and makes with the former 50 1 received of 
Mr Major 75 l , which at 6 d the foot is the sum they cost winning and 
working. Also for the carriage on men's backs and by boat to the ship 
side the sum of 3 1 , which as aforesaid makes in all 28 1 , for which also 
Mr Burrell and I have given our bills. 

Sir, considering your desire to have them before Easter, I had no 
means to ship them but by the honest willingness of this bearer Thomas 
Bradford, who refused other employment of profit for his whole ship, 
being of a great burthen, to do my Lord service. Wherefore I desire 
you to stand his friend to my Lord in a matter he will acquaint you 
with for repairing of wrong done him in justice. If he may be helped I 
should be very glad; if not, I pray let him know I have moved you as for 
myself. Berwick, the 13th March. 
Holograph Seal Endorsed:' 1609.' I p. (125 51) 



Sir Edward Bromley to the Earl of Salisbury 
1609-10, March 15. — I have had before me Cristian Wilsusan, a Dutch 
merchant of Dunkirk, Jacob Lam of Sandwich and Roy Henry of 
Feversham. Wilsusan confesses that three weeks past he landed 601b. 
of pepper at Margate, and employed Lam as broker for sale thereof at 
Canterbury. After understanding that the same was discovered to 
Bussher, officer to the farmers of the custom, he discharged Lam thereof 
and sold it in Dover at 18 d the pound. Lam confesses he offered it in 
Canterbury at 22 d the pound. Henry confesses he was broker for Jeromy 
Tyson, shipper of Flushing, for the sale of pepper in Canterbury, but 
could not make sale thereof. They allege for excuse the not knowledge 
of his Majesty's proclamation. Serjeants Inn, 15 March, 1609. 
Signed Endorsed: 'Mr Baron Bromley.' \p. (127 11) 



Sir John Swinnerton to the Earl of Salisbury 
1609-10, March 16. — Defends himself from the charge that he inter- 
posed against Salisbury's letter in behalf of Mr Langley. The Court of 
Assistants can testify that he gave it due respect, and gave his voice to 
the rest that Langley should hold his place, as required by the letter. 
Afterwards Langley, being unwilling to continue the place, moved for 
the admission as his deputy of a young man who was touched in credit; 
and the Court of Assistants and he, as sworn to maintain the credit of 
the Company, opposed it. This opposition Langley now wrests to be as 
against himself, and consequently against Salisbury's letter. 16 March, 
1609. 
Holograph Endorsed: 'Sir John Swinarton.' 1-^pp. (127 13) 



203 

Viscount Cranborne to the Earl of Salisbury 
[1609-10] March 19/29. — He has been expecting Salisbury's letters 
concerning his further courses this summer, to which he will conform, 
but he cannot dissemble his desire to see Salisbury, his wife and his 
friends in England. If Salisbury resolves of his long stay abroad, he 
desires to embrace the occasion now offered to see the wars in Cleves 
this summer; the rather because this King is said to intend to go in 
person, to whom he much desires to offer his service; or if that fail, to 
meet there his cousin Sir Edward Cecil, who he understands is appointed 
by the King to conduct the forces to be sent thither for the aid of those 
Princes. Paris, March 29 st.no. 
Holograph Endorsed: '19/29 March, 1609.' I p. (228 27) 



Viscount Cranborne to the Earl of Salisbury 
[1609-10] March 20/30. — Mr Finet, who is departing, can certify 
Salisbury of what he desires to know. Nothing troubles him more than 
expectation of the wars in Cleves, and the uncertainty whether they 
will succeed or no. It is thought this King will not pass the frontiers; 
howsoever he is glad he will meet his cousin Edward Cecil there. For 
his other journey he refers himself to Salisbury's pleasure; yet except 
some good occasion call him, he would be glad to see the end of his 
voyage. Paris, March 30 st.no. 
Holograph Endorsed: '20/30 March, 1609.' I p. (228 26) 



The Earl of Essex to Viscount Cranborne at Paris 
[? 1609-10] March 24. — Mr Bush's sudden going makes me briefer 
than otherwise I would be. Yet although I am short in my letter, you 
have left never a friend in England that will be more true, constant and 
faithful when time shall appear. Whitehall, this 24th of March. 
Holograph Seal \p. (129 50) 



Sir Thomas Heigham to the Earl of Salisbury 
[1610, March 26] — The authors of the enclosed paper are of good 
understanding and worthily esteemed. They commend it to me as an 
honest and reasonable suit. If you will give me countenance I can draw 
them on to give more than any other shall do, and do myself some good 
by it. I could never yet find the way to get anything since the death of 
your father, by whom I received all my best fortunes. Undated. 
Holograph Endorsed: '26 March, 1610.' \p. (128 106) 



The Privy Council to the Earl of Salisbury 
1610, March 27. — Requiring the payment of 26 l : 13: 4 for the second 
payment of the third entire subsidy, being at the rate of 16 d in the £ on 
4001. The Court, 27 March, 1610. 

Signed: T. Ellesmere, Cane; R. Salisbury; T. Suffolke; H. Northampton; 
Gilb. Shrewsbury; E. Worcester. I p. (195 141) 



209 

The Earl of Bath to the Earl of Salisbury 
1610, March 28. — I have taken the examination of two Englishmen 
of Weymouth and two Dutchmen of Ancusan in North Holland, who 
were on Saturday and Sunday last taken by Captain Sackwell at the 
Island of Lundy, where they say he lies and has landed his ordnance 
and other provisions with a full purpose to keep it against all men. The 
examination which I took and sent away hastily, you shall find in my 
letter to the Lords of the Council. Towstocke, 28 March, 1610. 
Signed Seal, broken \p. (128 107) 

The Earl of Bath to the Privy Council 
1610, March 28. — I enclose the examination of persons lately taken by 
Captain Sackwell at the Island of Lundey (a place so dangerous for all 
passengers to Barnestable and Bristowe, and again from thence and 
from other parts of England and Wales into any foreign country, as it is 
almost impossible for them to escape him). They assure me Sackwell is 
very maliciously bent to do some notorious act upon the poor in- 
habitants of this coast. Whereupon I have given warning to all the 
maritime towns and places of descent in these parts nearest to Lundey, 
to be ready to withstand sudden invasion of these pirates. I beseech you 
to take some course for suppressing them. I have caused notice hereof 
to be given to Sir William Saint John, who they say is now at Bristowe 
with one of his Majesty's ships, and to Captain Lambert, who is supposed 
to be at Plymouth in another. Towstocke, 28 March, 1610. 
Holograph I p. (195 144) 

The Enclosure 

Examination of John Tanner and Thomas Clarke of Weymouth, 
mariners, taken before William, Earl of Bath, 27 March, 1610. 

On their voyage from Weymouth to Swansea, coming near the Island 
of Lundey, they were taken by Sackwell, who took all they had from 
them. Details of their escape with their ship. Sackwell is strong in men 
and shipping, having 130 voluntaries and prisoners, and six or seven 
ships, besides small boats and others he takes daily. He has landed on 
the island 3 pieces of ordnance, 10 butts of sack which he took lately 
from a Welchman, and 100 'frailes' of raisins and other provisions. He 
is fortifying the place, compelling his prisoners to pull down the stones 
out of the rocks to make a platform for his ordnance, and means to build 
a fort in that place where in times past, by report, there has been a 
castle. He swears he will never leave the place till the King pardons his 
life, and gives him the island for his inheritance. He looks for a fleet of 
10 sail of other pirates to come to him shortly. As soon as he takes any 
prisoner he holds his drawn sword to their belly, saying, If thou wilt not 
swear to be true to me and observe my articles, I will presently kill thee; 
and so he goes from man to man. He threatens to burn many houses on 
the coast over against Lundey, as he has already done at Milford, where 
they say he put some to the sword, burnt some houses and fired a 
church, the week before he came to Lundey. He means shortly to set 
up a pair of gallows to execute whom it pleases him. He has lately taken 
a ship of Barnestable and another of Bridgwater, and sent them to 



210 

Ireland and other places for more men. He has a great company of 
Irishmen already. He took from the examinâtes and the two Dutchmen 
after mentioned, 10 pikes, 8 muskets, 181b of powder, 2 fowlers and a 
falconet. Yet they say his greatest want is powder and victual. 

Examination of two Dutchmen, Deo Deolphus and Arison, of Ancusan 
in North Holland, who arrived at Ilfardcombe with the above examinâtes. 

Going from Rochelle with salt to Bristowe, passing by Lundey they 
were taken by Sackwell, some of them imprisoned, and the rest com- 
pelled to go to sea with pirates of Sackwell's company in their own ships. 
They confirm the above examinâtes. March 27, 1610. 
S pp. (195 142) 

Prince Maurice to King James 
1610, March 30/April 9. — Peter de Moucheron, merchant of Middel- 
burgh, in Holland, has begged me to recommend his petition to your 
Majesty to obtain a decision in his action now before your Council 
against the widow of Sir Horatio Pallavicini, who is now remarried to 
Sir Oliver Cromwell. I am unwilling to trouble your Majesty with these 
matters, but I could not refrain from acceding to the request of one of 
the subjects of this country that I would intercede with you to obtain for 
him a speedy justice, that he may not be deprived of what is his due. 
La Hage, 9 April, 1610. 

Signed: 'Maurice de Nassau' French Endorsed: 'March 31 [sic] April 
9, 1610. To the B.Majesty.' H pp. (134 139) 

Lord Hay to the Earl of Salisbury 
[1610, March] — The assurance so shortly to see you is the cause of this 
short return of your letter, with this reply to your marginal note ; that 
whatsoever Monsieur de la Vardin has spoken in his Majesty's name for 
his assisting of Genewe, that that same be seconded by his Ambassador 
to all, which he is resolute to make good if the necessity require it; 
concluding that using that same policy with this Duke which he did for 
the Venetians against the Pope, shall deter him from the siege of that 
poor town upon the lake, which I pray God to bless. Undated 
Holograph Endorsed: 'March 1610.' I p. (195 145) 

Oliver Cave to the Earl of Salisbury 
[1610, March] — A congratulatory letter . Un dated 
Latin Endorsed: 'March 1610. Mr Oliver Cave to my Lord.' 1 p. 
(128 108) 

Ulster 
1610, April 3. — Warrant under the privy seal to the Earl of Salisbury, 
High Treasurer of England, directing him to give order to the searchers 
of ports in the realm to permit the export of sums of money to Ireland, 
the said sums not to exceed in the whole 4000 l , as the Crown has resolved 
to make certain colonies and plantations in the province of Ulster, the 
city of London undertaking to perform some part thereof; and it is 
doubtful whether the realm of Ireland can readilv furnish them with 



211 

money sufficient for the erecting of their fortifications and buildings, and 
the supplying of provisions and necessaries meet for the service. 'Given 
under our Privy Seal at our Palace of Westminster, the third day of 
April in the eighth year of our reign of England.' 
Signed: Tho. Packer. 1 m. (128 109) 

The Privy Council to the Earl of Salisbury 
1610, April 3.— We have been earnestly moved of late by some gentle- 
men of quality of the counties of Norfolk, Northampton, Huntingdon, 
Cambridge, Suffolk and Sussex* to give way to the transportation of 
corn from the port of Lynn ; the price of grain being much under the rate 
set down in the Statute, and there being great plenty of corn in those 
parts, which by reason of the unseasonable rain at the late harvest is not 
fit to be spent in this kingdom. Although this may be true in some 
particular places, yet as the matter generally imports the whole body of 
those counties and may reach to other parts of the kingdom if by this 
means there should fall a scarcity upon the country, we have thought fit 
to direct our letters to the justices of the peace of the said counties to 
inform themselves of the prices of all kind of grain within those counties, 
and to certify us thereof with as much expedition as may stand with 
convenience, that further direction may be given as found expedient. 
Complaint has been made heretofore of some practice used to send out 
corn by selling small quantities at the haven or port at a price under the 
limitation of the Statute and at a far less rate than it carries in other 
places, whereby the intent of the Statute was utterly frustrated. We 
have therefore moved them to be very careful of informing themselves of 
the true prices of corn throughout those counties. But because we are 
informed that the greatest part of the last year's barley is so ill- 
conditioned as will not admit such circumstances of time as are required 
in the course of certificate from the country to us before order be given at 
the port for transportation, we pray your Lordship to give present order 
to the officers of the said port of Lynn for the transportation of barley 
and malt, upon certificate made to them by the justices of the peace of 
any of those counties that the price of that grain does not exceed the rate 
limited by Statute. From the Court at Whitehall, the third of April, 

1610. 

Signed: T. Ellesmere, Cane; R. Salisbury; H. Northampton; 
T.Suffolke; Gilb. Shrewsbury; E.Worcester; W.Knollys; Jul. Caesar. 
2 pp. (128 110) 

Charles Brook to the Earl of Salisbury 
1610, April 4.— I think this will be the last petition I shall ever make 
you, being at this time visited with a sharp correcting sickness and much 
weakened. This bearer, Sir Edward Phillipps, chaplain, is presented to 
the church of Lidlinche, co. Dorset, by Sir George Trenchard, and I dare 
affirm he is worthy of the place. But my Lord Stourton pretending title 
to the same church has commenced suit against the bearer. I pray you 
to be a means unto my Lord Stourton that the bearer may keep the said 



* Sussex apparently erased. 



212 

church and parsonage, howsoever the title fall out betwixt Lord 
Stourton and Sir George Trenchard. Temple Combe. 4 April. 1610. 
Signed I p. (128 111) 

The Prince de Joinvtlle to the Earl of Salisbury 
[I 1G10, before April 5] — Asking him to favour the bearer in some 
business relating to the rights of an estate belonging to the Prince's 
mother. Undated 

Holograph French Endorsed: 'To my Lord. Prince Joinville, rec. 5 
April.' Seal on pink silk. \p. (134 150) 

The Earl of Dunbar 
[1610, April 6 or later] — The King has been pleased by warrant under 
his hand and signet manual to give authority to the Lord Treasurer and 
Chancellor of the Exchequer to give out particulars of so much of his 
lands and tenements as shall amount to 350 1 of yearly rent, that a grant 
may be made of the same to such as should be willing to buj^ it. The 
profit of these lands is intended to rise in respect of divers sums of money 
laid out by the Earl of Dunbar in his Majesty's service, and for other 
respects concerning him. The Earl of Dunbar therefore desires the Lord 
Treasurer and Chancellor to pass so much land as abovesaid as if it were 
to the Earl himself, who hereby acknowledges the receipt of 3000 l in 
hand, and bonds for 6000 1 to be paid at such time as he has agreed to. 
Undated 
Signed Endorsed: 'Apr. 6. 1610.' \\pp. (128 112) 

Lord Zouche to the Lord High Treasurer 
1610, April 7. — This day Sir Francis Hastings came to me and left a 
letter directed to him with me to consider of, which I held not amiss to 
send to you. If there be nothing in it whereof you will make use, return 
it to me; otherwise you may keep it, for I confess I hold it worthy your 
sight. Savoy, 7 April, 1610. 
Holograph Seal \<p. (128 113) 

Viscount Cranborne to the Earl of Salisbury 
[1610] April 9/19. — Perceives by Salisbury's letter by Finett that he 
wishes him to go into Italy in September, returning to England at 
Christmas. Begs for leave to go as soon as may be, but will be ruled by 
Mr Lister in whatever he thinks fit. He desires to take Nicholas Lanier 
into Italy so that he may learn the viol. Paris, 19 April st. no. 
Holograph Endorsed: '1610.' I p. (228 33) 

Sir William Monson to the Earls of Salisbury 
and Nottingham 
1610, April 10. — Upon my coming to Bristol I found the Advantage so 
unserviceable in men, victuals, sails, powder and all things else, that it 
was impossible to fit her to sea; and understanding of Salkeld's being 
still in Lundie, I fitted a bark with 25 men and departed from Bristol 
upon Easter eve, arriving in Ilefordecombe on Monday. There I under- 



213 

stood first of Salkeld's escape in the manner my Lord of Bath has 
certified you, and that he is so unfitted of all provisions as I rather think 
he will disguisedly put himself ashore than hazard his fortune by sea. 
To prevent him, I have writ to my Lord of Bath to command the 
justices of Devon and Cornwall to stay and examine all persons that 
cannot give a good account of their dwellings, their business, their 
residence for a month's time past, and of their means to live. The like 
course I intend to have observed in all the coasts of Wales, whither I 
am now going in pursuit of him in the said bark. My hope is he shall 
hardly escape by sea or land. His intent is to go for Ireland, but finding 
the wind westerly he must be forced for England or Wales. I have 
written to my Lord of Bath to furnish a bark for keeping the coast of 
England on these western parts, while I do the like on the coasts of 
Wales, until the wind come easterly or the King's ships arrive, of whom 
as yet I hear no news. If they come hither in my absence, I have left 
directions that they shall disperse, so long as the wind shall hang 
westerly or southerly; and after, for two of them to make their rendez- 
vous in Lundie and from thence to put for Ireland. His taking much 
imports the safety of poor merchants in these parts, for I have never 
known villain so desperately bent against these count^men, compelling 
them to forswear their allegiance to his Majesty. Ilefordcombe, 10 
April, 1610. 

Holograph I p. (195 146) 

[Printed in extenso in Monsoris Tracts (Navy Record Society Pub- 
lications, Vol. XLIII, iii, pp. 349, 350] 



The Earl of Bath to the Earl of Salisbury 
1610, April 11. — Since my last writing, Sir William Munson is 
arrived at Ilfardcombe. He wrote to me, and instantly I sent a servant of 
mine to him, who came the day before from the Island of Lundey, to 
advertise him of the state of the pirate and all other things there. 
Whereupon he wrote a letter directed to you and my Lord Admiral, 
which he prayed me to see conveyed. I have sent a bark to meet his 
Majesty's shipping that are coming about from Plymouth, with a letter 
from Sir William to them, which must meet them at the Land's End, 
for the better disposing of themselves in this service upon the river of 
Severn, where it is supposed the pirate remains. Towstocke, 11 April, 
1610. 

PS. — Because I would leave no means unattempted to apprehend 
this traitorous pirate, I have sent warrants to the Cornwall justices to 
lie wait for the taking of him if he happen to land there, and so have I 
done into Somersetshire, if he happen with these westerly winds to put 
up the river; and Sir William has promised me to do the like upon the 
coast of Wales. 

I have written sundry letters to you touching this service, but could 
never learn that any of them came to your hands, which makes me 
suspect some negligence or worse dealing in the postmasters. 
Holograph I p. (195 147) 



214 

Sir Lewis Lewkenor to the Earl of Salisbury 
1610, April 13. — The Duke of Wittenberge is under sail hitherward, 
and his arrival here certainly expected this night. I have advertised 
Lord Willoughby, who is appointed to receive him here. There is no 
news of the States coming as yet, their stay being the longer in regard 
that one of their fellow commissioners is dead. Gravesend, 13 April. 
1610. 

Holograph 1 p. Postal endorsement: 'Hast hast hast hast post hast 
hast. Darfordat7intheatternone.' (195 148) 

Captain Avery Philips to the Earl of Salisbury 
1610, April 14. — Not onby of late I discovered a Papist at Dover that 
conveyed a most treacherous book under my bed, whereby he was 
brought up and committed, but at my coming from Dunkirk I caused 
Mr Tucker, the searcher at Gravesend, to apprehend four priests and 
papists and the books in the ship I came over in, and gave further 
intelligence of a small boat that came over with like books, of which you 
being advertised sent them to the Bishop of London. It is not the first 
service by twenty of far greater importance that I have done, yet never 
had 2 d recompense in all my life. Notwithstanding, ready to do whatso- 
ever I shall comprehend for my country's cause, I crave warrant to 
apprehend all such priests and papists as come into or pass out of 
England, and all such young boys and maidens as are privily conveyed 
away to be made priests and nuns; as also all letters, books and other 
things touching disturbance, with authority that the masters of such 
barks or other vessels that be suspected to have conveyed them, may be 
bound severely to his Majesty in recognizance of 100 1 a piece, and to 
pay the same for every offence, one moiety to his Majesty and the 
other to myself. 14 of April, 1610. 
Signed I p. (128 114) 

Lady Mary Nevxll to the Earl of Salisbury 
1610, April 14. — If a long and tedious sickness did not hinder me I 
would attend your Lordship, to entreat your furtherance of a suit which 
my Lord of Burgevenny and Mr Nevill intend to make to his Majesty, to 
have leave by the Parliament to sell the value of 30 1 a year towards the 
payment of their debts and provision of their younger children. Dorsset 
Hous, 14 April, 1610. 

Holograph Seal, broken Endorsed: 'Lady Mary Nevill to my Lord.' 
\p. (128 115) 

The Earl of Bath to the Privy Council 
1610, April 15. — The bearer George Eastcotte, a merchant of Bridg- 
water, was lately taken at sea by that notorious and rebellious pirate 
Sackwell, and by him imprisoned by the space of twenty days amongst 
others in a loathsome place upon the Island of Lundey. At length it 
pleased God to put into his heart the first device and project whereby 
in short time after, with the help of others, he surprised the court guard 
and weapons of the said Sackwell. In regard whereof he hopes some 



215 

favour at your hands towards the relief of himself , his wife and children, 
who have lost by these pirates in ship and goods to the value of 500 1 . 
Towstocke, 15 April, 1610. 
Signed Seal I p. (128 116) 

The Earl of Salisbury to Viscount Cranborne 
1610, April 18. — Since the arrival of Mr Finett he has received 
Cranborne's letter. Warns him against using help in writing his letters, 
and advises him upon what topics to write. Perceives he has an itching 
humour to return to his English sports, which keeps him from properly 
using his travels, the right objects of which he details. Is pleased that 
he made a posting journey into Normandy with Mr Beecher, but 
expected to receive a better narration of his observations, seeing that 
they are the use for which he maintains him so chargeably abroad. He 
does not approve of Cranborne's presently passing into Italy: the abode 
in those parts in summer is pernicious: he would also lose his French 
language: also he is loth he should go now, when every active spirit in 
France, and so many here in England, are desirous to see the wars in 
Cleave. Recommends him to go to Italy in September. Details at 
length the objects of Cranborne's journey abroad, which he wishes to 
be extended to two years. Desires him to spend this summer in France, 
or in Cleave, as the war grows on or ceases. If the French King go to the 
frontiers to meet his troops, it will be a gallant journey for Cranborne to 
follow him; advantages of so doing: for lodging and other things M. 
Villeroy will assist him. Approves Cranborne's desire to carry Nich. 
Lanier with him, if it be true that he (Cranborne) delights in music and 
practises both hand and voice. Expresses his satisfaction that Cran- 
borne is perfectly established in religion by coming to the Lord's 
supper: Cranborne's wife and sister have done the like at Hatfield this 
Easter, which has stopped the mouths of many malicious persons that 
speak their pleasure of their long forbearance. He is not to forbear from 
dealing liberally with the Church, nor with any of the King's officers to 
whom he is beholden. Sketches the itinerary he recommends in Italy. 
Cranborne may be in England before Christmas: and for his doubt of 
sea-sickness, if he passes at Calais, it is not above 3 hours work, which 
women and children do every day. Further instructions as to his 
Italian journey. He is to be wary to put his person into no town whereof 
the Pope is lord. Concerning the Queen's coronation*, he would do 
discreetly to be a spectator rather than put himself on horseback, where 
many mischances may happen. Commends his progress in education 
and manners. Sends a note of the towns by which young Litton has 
passed, by which Mr Lister and Mr Finett may see how easily he may 
pass from Venice to Florence without coming in the Pope's danger. 
London, 18 April, 1610. 
Signed 1pp. (228 32) 

Viscount Fenton to the Lord Treasurer 
1610, April 19. — The business was so great yesternight, in reconciling 
these two noblemen, that in good manners I could not trouble you in 

* The Queen of France, Marie de Medici, was crowned at St. Denis on May 13. 



216 

my particular with the States. At that very time I had some con- 
ference with Sir Noel Caron, and by him I find that the Ambassadors 
confess the matter was in resolution two sundry times for my satis- 
faction, but no absolute power in them to deal. Yet are they desirous 
to know if a pension by the year might content me; and his Majesty has 
advised me in the contrary, as a matter not seeming in my person in 
regard of my place and service. Besides that it will be the worse surety 
for myself, so that my course must be for satisfaction in money. They 
are the worse willing, rather in regard of the consequence and example 
than any other dislike to myself. My desire is (which I will remit more 
particularly to the bearer) that you will at your meeting with the 
Ambassadors speak them in this matter as from the King, for so his 
Majesty has promised me to desire you to do; and I entreat you to say 
something in this matter from yourself, and so far only as may be with 
your good liking and to my good. 19 April, 1610. 
Holograph 2 pp. (195 149) 

Payment of Subsidy by the Earl of Salisbury 
1610, April 19. — Acknowledgement of receipt by Arthur Mayn- 
waringe from the Earl of Salisbury of 26 1 :13 :4 for the second payment of 
the third entire subsidy, granted Nov 1, 3 Jac. Paid more for the 
acquittance 2 8 6 d . 19 April, 1610. 
I p. (195 151) 

John Murray to [the Earl of Salisbury] 
1610, April 25. — I acquainted his Majesty that I had some papers 
from your Honour to him to see at his best leisure, which he did this 
morning. His pleasure was I should return them back to you, and show 
you that immediately you should speak with some of the Lords of the 
Council and appoint some time to speak with the Ambassadors of their 
business. One of their papers is the whole speech that the Italian made 
when the Ambassadors had their audience. At Thebolls, 25 April, 1610. 
Holograph Endorsed: 'Mr John Murray to my Lord.' \p. (128 117) 

Dr Leonell Sharpe to the Earl of Salisbury 
[1610, April 26] — The King's Majesty of himself has granted him the 
provostship of King's College where he was brought up. Though he has 
been no great good husband heretofore, religiously promises all faithful- 
ness in ordering the College lands and goods with others joined with him, 
and a special care of religion and learning in the College. Desires 
Salisbury's furtherance in the cause, with pardon of his presumption in 
writing because he could not come himself. Undated. 
Holograph Seal Endorsed: 'Mr Do: r Sharpe to my Lord. 26 April, 
1610.' I p. (136 201) 

Sir Thomas Lake to the Earl of Salisbury 
1610, April 30. — I came hither this day about four of the clock, but 
had not access to his Majesty till after supper, he having spent all the 
afternoon with my Lord of Bath. I imparted to his Majesty all that I 
received. First, touching the Parliament matter, I said that his Highness 
was not to expect that any new proposition could be made b}' your 



217 

Lordships until from the Lower House an answer were returned, which 
was like to be on Tuesday, that is tomorrow, this morning being spent 
in deliberation about it. When the answer was come, admit it were 
that in regard of the greatness of the sum demanded the House thought 
not fit for them to proceed any further in a matter impossible for them 
to undergo, I put the case to his Majesty how your Lordships of the 
Upper House could with honour make any new proposition that should 
not savour of seeking and so encourage them the more to stand off. 
His Majesty answered : first, that by your letters you had given him hope 
that the answer would not be so peremptory; secondly, if it were of 
that kind, their Lordships might have nice cause to say that it was not 
an answer beseeming them to make nor agreeable to his Majesty's 
honour, especially in a thing desired by themselves, but rather if the 
sum demanded were held too great, to make a new offer; thirdly, that 
your Lordship might take occasion to explain yourself that the offer 
was not so peremptory but that, if there came from them any offer 
proportionable, it might be moved to his Majesty to be considered of. 
If they would insist on their former offer, his Highness said it was a sign 
they had no desire to deal, but he supposed out of some hope given him 
by you that it will not come to so great a pertinacy, but that your 
Lordships will find matter to keep it still in life. His Highness thinks 
that although his meaning be not to compound for all his offers but in 
gross, that yet every favour might be so particularized to them as they 
might take an impression of the value of it, and so be disposed to be 
more apt to compound for the whole. I said it was not to be doubted 
but your Lordships would use your wisdoms to keep the matter from a 
rupture until his return, which was to be wished he would hasten as well 
for that matter as in regard of the Ambassadors now attending. His 
Highness commanded me to advertise you of his journeys, which is 
tomorrow to Thetford, there to stay till Wednesday come sevennight, 
and then to be here again; on Thursday to Royston or perhaps to 
Theobalds, and on Friday to be at London or on Saturday at farthest. 
Till which time his Majesty hoped that you would find matter to 
entertain the Ambassadors, so as they should not much desire his 
presence sooner. 

I reported what you had acquainted me with touching the French 
Ambassador's instance to have the League to pass without exception of 
religion, but his Majesty to be bound in that case. His Highness 
wondered at it, and said he would never yield to it but thought the 
Ambassador would not insist on it long. 

For the matter of the fishing treated with the Hollanders, his Majesty 
values nothing the patent they show as having been got by mere fraud, 
protesting he was never so much as spoken to in it, but if that were not, 
the Hollanders have broken since and lost the benefit of it. 

His Majesty is very well satisfied touching Sir Robert Henderson and 
leaves the States to their own disposition. He says that which he 
moved for Balfour was when he thought there should have been sent 
some broken companies, but now he is informed, will not hinder the 
worse of their discipline. From Newmarkett this last of April, 1610. 
Holograph Seal 3$ pp. (128 118) 

CM— Q 



218 

Lord Hay to the Earl of Salisbury 
[1610, April] — His Majesty admires your occurrents and infinitely 
longs to hear of the printing of his speech, which done, desires you to 
remember Master Speaker to deliver to the House what he gave him in 
charge. Receive these enclosed. Undated. 
Holograph Endorsed: 'Lo. Hay to my Lord, Apr. 1610.' \ p. (196 1) 



George Marshall to the Earl of Salisbury 
[1610, April] — Thanking him for a favour received. Undated. 
Holograph Seal Endorsed: 'Mr Marshall to my Lord', and in another 
but contemporary handwriting 're. Ap. 1610.' \p. (128 120) 



Sir John Poyntz to the Earl of Salisbury 
[1610, April] — I received this enclosed letter from Hidelberg in 
Germany, wherein I am entreated to acquaint you with a caution to be 
had with the Lutheran princes of Germany by the King in this treaty of 
combination, and thought to be of great consequence for the continuance 
thereof. The man that wrote it has not been brought up in business of 
state, and they that desire it are most of them, as I take it, divines by 
profession. Your Honour can well judge hereof; myself presume 
nothing herein. Undated. 
Holograph Seal, broken Endorsed: 'Aprill. 1610.' \p. (128 121) 



The Earl of Salisbury to [Viscount Cranborne] 
[1610 ? April] — Cranborne has given him of late many more hopes than 
he had of his disposition to enlarge his mind. Commends Cranborne's 
letters to Sir Thomas Ha ward, his brother, and to others, if they are his 
own; if not, his fault is the more. Gives his reasons for requiring Cran- 
borne not to return to England before the end of the winter, which will 
complete two years. In this time he may see both Venice and Florence, 
and yet be here before Christmas. He has given Finet all directions as 
to the journey. Remits particulars of places to be visited to Cranborne's 
liking, upon conference with Mr Lister; so that he resolves to see Venice. 
Hopes he will keep some riding exercise while in France. Above all, 
lessen 'the number of your English' as much as possible. For the few 
weeks he is in Italy, he hopes he will not be enticed to be tainted either 
in soul or body, nor so indiscreet as to stir abroad in the night where 
murders and mischief are lawless. Is glad to hear he catches at the 
Italian, also that he has become a good cosmographer, and is contented 
to discourse of men and matter fit for one of his quality, instead of 
birds and beasts. Hopes he will be so well instructed as to receive the 
Communion, which he has too long deferred. Sends his thanks to Mr 
Lister and hopes Cranborne will follow his counsel for his diet, being to 
pass into hot countries. If he forbears fruit and heat he hopes to see him 
well at Christmas. He is to be very careful to vow his service with 
thankfulness to the great King. Undated. 
Signed, the last 13 lines holograph 3 pp. (228 31) 



219 

Sir Thomas Lake to the Earl of Salisbury 
1610, May 1. — His Majesty having this morning signed this warrant 
for Cleves, I send it away to your Lordship. Because it is in general 
words with relation to the establishment, I think it best for your dis- 
charge that the establishment be signed by his Majesty, when it is ready. 
I have also sent you the letter framed for the Bishopric of Derry for 
Mr Babington which his Majesty refused, saying he had never heard of 
him. I answered enough for the man as knowing him, and that I had 
direction from my Lord of Canterbury and your Lordship. Yet his 
Majesty would not sign it, alleging only that he had never been spoken 
to in it. Whether he have any purpose for another I know not, but it 
were good something came from my Lord of Canterbury, if his Grace 
thinks him meet for it. From the Court at Newmarkett, this first of 
May, 1610. 
Holograph I p. (128 123) 

The Enclosure 
Warrant for the election, consecration and confirmation of Brute 
Babington, D.D. as Bishop of Derry in Ireland. 
Countersigned by Sir Thomas Lake \p. (128 122) 

Sir John Peyton to the Earl of Salisbury 
1610, May 7. — This day I received advertisement from the 'Roades,' 
being a part of the main of Normandy, six leagues distant from this 
island, that Monsieur Matinian, Lieutenant for the French King in Base 
Normandy, was come post to Quittance, and there gave order for 
putting in of garrisons in all 'munited' places to be kept for the Dolphin 
of France, the King being slain on Thursday last, the 3 of this instant, 
as he descended out of his coach, by a Spaniard or a Spanish page, with 
a stab in the flank with a poinard ; and from other parts of Normandy it 
is advertised with a pistol. Though I am assured you are perfectly ad- 
vertised of this detestable action, yet 1 thought it my duty not to be 
silent therein. The neighbour parts of Normandy and Brittany are yet 
peaceable, but all men of note strengthen their houses and stand upon 
their guard. There goes a rumour of forces ready prepared in Spain for 
the part of the Prince of Conde. 

Touching this place in my charge, which has been possessed with 
overmuch confidence of security, I have made them more sensible of 
their own defences, which all the gentlemen and people now apprehend. 
On this occasion I presume further in 'muniting' and repairing his 
Majesty's castles than otherwise I would have done, having no warrant, 
reposing on your favour. In every 100 crowns bestowing I save from 
ruin that which would in short time cost 500. 12 carriages I have pro- 
vided and 5 pieces of artillery more I endeavour to get mounted. The 
rest of the ordnance are still dismounted, whereof I have written to my 
Lord Carao. 

There has returned from Carteret, the nearest part of Normandy, one 
of this island belonging to Monsieur de St Ouan, who being at the 
Baron Luthumiere's house at the time of the advertisement of the French 
King's being slain, told him that he heard from Paris, but not by any 



220 

letter, that our gracious King was also slain, which if he were not, yet 
there was a great practice against him to that end. This Baron Luthum- 
iere is in religion Popish, but was ever held loyal to the King his master. 
I daily send into Normandy or Brittany to see how the people are 
inclined. Some of Normandy seem to fear that our King, upon this 
accident, will take some advantage, but they are none of the greater 
sort. Mount Orgueill in Jersey, 7 May, 1610. 
Signed I p. (196 2) 

Earl of Salisbury to [Viscount Cranborne] 
1610, May 9. — Now that this late disaster gives me cause to think of 
you with greater care than when you were under the protection of that 
worthy King (of whom if you should ever suffer the precious memory to 
die, you were not worthy to live), I will only comfort you thus far, that 
your last letter before that accident was so full of duty and so changed 
from former vulgarity as it would have removed anger from me if there 
had been any, for which you never gave me cause. I write now upon the 
letters I received from Mr Beecher, and brought by your footman. Of 
your stay there I take no liking now, and therefore when you think it 
safe for you and your brother Henry,* I wish you to come to the seaside, 
and there tarry till you receive order from me, because my meaning is 
to send you a ship to carry you to Flushing, whence you shall pass up 
into Holland there to spend this summer, and in Cleve if there be cause; 
my thoughts being now diverted from your Italian journey, where the 
passages may be subject to danger. If my letters find you at Paris, 
seem not to leave from any ill apprehension, but only to pursue your 
former purpose to go into the Low Countries, except your service might 
have been dedicated to the King that is now gone. Leave a courteous 
memory behind you, and no man unrewarded to whom you are beholden. 
I have written to Calais as much as this, not knowing which way you 
will pass. So soon as you are come to any of the places, send me word. 
I have procured letters to both the governors from the French Am- 
bassador, by which your stay there shall be with better safety, and as I 
hear from you so shall shipping come to you. I forbear to write to those 
that attend you, or to Kirkham, because you may show them my letter. 
Whitehall, 9 May, 1610. 
Signed 2 pp. (228 34) 

Sir Charles Cornwaleys to [the Earl of Salisbury] 
1610, May 26. — Is drawn into the country to celebrate next week the 
marriage of his daughter. He finds no matter of much effect to be 
complained of in Spain more than is contained in the enclosed paper. 
He will not 'accomber' him with anything that concerns himself, know- 
ing that he will not forget unto his Majesty such as have faithfully 
served him. 26 May, 1610. 

Holograph Endorsed: 'Sir Charles Cornwallis to my Lord'. 1 p. (196 
3) 

* Henry Howard, third son of Thomas Howard, 1st earl of Suffolk. 



221 

Henry Smyth to the Earl of Salisbury 
1610, May 26. — Mr Masie, the keeper of the Gatehouse, tells me this 
night of your pleasure that I should set down some speeches of Mr 
Freeman, a Jesuit, in his custody. It was that he hoped to see or hear 
mass in Paul's Church in London. He spake the words in Mr Morton's 
chamber in the Gatehouse in the presence of Mr Morton, James Conway 
and myself, whereof James Conway and myself gave you to understand 
by our writing and received answer that for a time we should be patient. 
King's Bench, 26 May, 1610. 
Signed \p. (128 124) 

Sir William Waad to the Earl of Salisbury 
1610, May 29. — Showing the pistol or pocket dag I had of your Lord- 
ship to a gunmaker that dwells in the Bulwark within the Tower, and to 
a stockmaker that inlays pieces, I learned that the dag was made by one 
Baker in Sheer Lane, and that he and one Humphrey Gardener, 
dwelling in Holborn, are the only makers of pocket dags. Four of us 
having occasion to meet this morning in Holborn for the business known 
to your Lordship, we sent for Gardener and Baker. Gardener has not 
sold above five of these pocket dags. Two were for a nobleman, the rest 
he is not able to declare to whom they were sold, but he had that dislike 
of these pieces as he purposed to make no more. Baker has made and 
sold a great number. I have taken bond of him to make no more and to 
appear at the Sessions, where such course as may be thought fit by your 
Lordships may be taken with him. I have further learned that these 
murdering daggers are made by one John Willington, a cutler dwelling 
in Sheer Lane also, which is a little lane hard by Temple Bar. He was 
sent for, but being not then at his house, I gave a straight warrant to the 
constable as soon as he comes home to bring him before me. 29 May, 
1610. 
Holograph I p. (128 125) 

The Enclosure 

The examination of John Tomkins, alias Baker, of Shere Lane, gun- 
maker, taken 29th May, 1610. 

Since last Easter he has sold five pocket dags, one to Mr John Har- 
born, one to Mr French, and another to a gentleman of the Earl of 
Essex. He knows not who bought the other two. Within this year he 
has sold some forty but to whom he knows not, as he hangs them openly 
in his house and sells them to such as will buy them. 

Says further that certain Frenchmen bring over pocket dags, whereof 
some were taken lately in the liberty of the Duchy and bought by one 
Sheppy, an old man dwelling by Somerset Gate. 
Signed by Sir William Waad \<p. (128 126) 

Lord Zouche to the Earl of Salisbury 
1610, May 29. — Since my coming home I understand that the 
gentlewoman is dead for the wardship of whose son I moved you not 
long since. She was the daughter of Fulstowe, married to my cousin 



222 

Midlemore, by whom he has a son. The land during his life is to be 
enjoyed by him. The marriage may be bestowed by you, but if you let 
him be guardian of his own son, you shall command him to bestow 
where it pleases you. Savoy, 29 May, 1610. 
Holograph Seal \p. (128 127) 

Brill Hill, Barnwood Forest 
[1610 c. May] — Brief touching Brill Hill, alias Codley Corner, in 
Barnewood Forest, co. Bucks. The question concerns a lease thereof 
granted to Christopher Kendall. 
lp. (141 301) 
[See Cal.S.P.Dom., 1603-1610, p. 606] 

Sir Thomas Edmondes to the Earl of Salisbury 
[? 1610, after May] — The party with whom I have had the discourse 
mentioned in my letter is the Duke of Bouillon who has been dealt with 
to undertake the vo}'age into England, but he has not as yet accepted 
thereof, neither is he willing to perform that commission, unless he may 
see clearly into their intentions here, that they will authorise him to carry 
to his Majesty more real satisfaction than ceremonial professions. I 
beseech you to conceal his name, and to let me know if there be anything 
which may merit upon this occasion to be remembered for the benefit of 
his Majesty's service before the dispatching of him from hence. They 
have here taken an alarm at the late frequent passing of couriers this 
way out of Spain into England and back again. Undated 
Holograph lp. (118 150) 

The Mayor and Citizens of Chester to Prince Henry 
[1610, before June 4] — The Council have appointed the 27th instant 
for hearing the cause concerning the proceedings of certain Commission- 
ers of Sewers, who endeavour the destruction of a 'cawsay' of stone, built 
upon a natural rock above 500 years since within their city, whereby 
divers mills, anciently parcel of the Earldom of Chester, are supplied with 
water, and the city and adjoining country served with cloth, bread, fish, 
fresh water and other necessaries; the loss of which would impoverish 
the city, and prejudice the Earldom whenever the King should confer it 
upon the Prince. They beg his favourable commendation of their cause 
to the Council. Undated 
Petition I p. (196 107) 

The Earl of Dunbar to the Earl of Salisbury 
[1610] June 4. — The great love and fear that is in my heart to the 
person of our most dear master makes me so bold as to put j^ou in mind, 
although I know I need not, of the surety of his person; for this unfor- 
tunate accident of the late French King cannot but bring fear to the 
hearts of all who truly love our most gracious King. Therefore I do not 
doubt but in your accustomed care of his Majesty's surety you will do all 
that is possible for preventing that most frightful misfortune that might 
fall to all honest men. Leithecow, June 4. 
Holograph Endorsed: '1610.' lp. (196 4) 



223 

Lord Norreys to the Earl of Salisbury 
[1610] June 9. — Having divers businesses in the country, he begs leave 
to depart from the Parliament. Chelsey, 9 June. 

Holograph Endorsed: 'Lo. Norreys to my Lord.' and in a later hand, 
'1609[**c]' (127 68) 

Ottywell Smyth to the Earl of Salisbury 
1610, June 9. — Since his last letter for a protection to get his goods out 
of France and other places to pay his creditors, his man in France con- 
trary to his commission has sold his goods cheaper than it cost here 
besides customs and charges. The man has also paid all the bills of 
exchange, which would have paid every man his part. Has since called 
all his creditors together and offered them all he had to his household 
stuff and the clothes off his back ; but not content with this they go about 
to secure the patent of bankrupt against him. Prays that he may not be 
so disgraced as he has been employed in her Majesty's affairs to the 
French King above nine years, and that he may have two years to count 
with his factors in Spain, Portugal and other places; and that his 
creditors may take what he can give now and acquit him or stay till he 
can give them more. London, 9 June, 1610. 
Holograph \p. (128 128(2)) 

[François de] Bassompierre to Viscount Cranborne at Court 
1610, June 11/21. — The common misfortune of the death of the late 
King, my master, which affected me very particularly, has so troubled 
me as to have prevented me from doing my duty to those to whom I have 
been under obligation. This is my only excuse for not having assured you 
of my humble service before your unexpected departure, and to beg a 
thousand pardons for having rendered you so little during your stay 
here. I will make good the defect if ever I am honoured with your 
commands. 'A Paris, ce 21 me juin, 1610.' 

Holograph French Seal Addressed: 'A Monsieur le Visconte de 
Cranborne à la Court.' I p. (128 133) 

Ottywell Smith to the Earl of Salisbury 
1610, June 14. — Thanks for great kindness. His creditors now begin 
to come to a composition with him. Understands that Mr Stalynge, 
searcher, is in danger of death. Prays that the post may be bestowed 
upon him, which would be a full satisfaction for the service he has done 
his Majesty for nine years without any allowance at Dyepe, and would 
be a means to maintain his wife and himself. London, 14 June, 1610. 
Holograph \p. (128 128(1)) 

The Privy Council to the Earl of Salisbury 
1610, June 15. — Have received certificates from the justices of peace 
of Cambridge, Suffolk, Norfolk and other counties, and from the mayor 
and justices of Boston for Holland and the parts near adjoining in the 
county of Lincoln, of the prices of corn and grain in those places, 
together with their opinions of admitting transportation in regard of the 



224 

state of the country. Have thereupon called before us some gentlemen 
of those counties now in town. It appears that only the counties of 
Norfolk and Cambridge with the parts about Holland, co. Lincoln, are 
furnished with such plenty of grain and the prices so far under the rate 
limited by the Statute, as they may spare some good proportion thereof 
to be carried out of the kingdom. Pray accordingly that order be taken 
at Boston for the parts about Holland, and at the port of Lynn for 
Cambridge and Norfolk, for the transportation of such qviantity of wheat 
and other sorts of grain as shall be thought meet for the encouragement 
of the husbandman; but the officers of those ports are to forbear to take 
entry for the shipping of such grain, should the prices of corn rise above 
the rate limited by the Statute. From Whitehall, 15 June, 1610. 
Signed: T. Ellesmere, Cane; R. Salisbury; H. Northampton; Noting- 
ham; T.Suffolke; Gilb. Shrewsbury; W. Knollys. \\pp. (128 129) 

John Lardner to the Earl of Salisbury 
1610, June 15. — This last night there came into this harbour a small 
French bark having in her some canvas and kelp. Search being made 
aboard her the enclosed letter was found and eight books, which I send 
by this messenger. The man who brought them is a Frenchman, and 
being examined said he received them at Sherbrooke in France, and was 
to deliver them at Monvile. This I believe to be untrue, and keep him 
until your pleasure be known. From Portesmouth, 15 June, 1610. 
Signed Seal \p. (128 130) 

Survey of the Castle of Devizes 
1610, June 15. — Survey, by John Norden, of the site of the Castle of 
le Devises, co Wilts, made by order of the Lord Treasurer, June 15, 
1610. Valuation of the lands and of the materials, which are old and 
ruinous buildings within the site of the castle, namely, 5 very high 
decayed towers, 2 decayed chapels, and a large ruined hall standing 
within the keep upon a most lofty artificial mount. The premises have 
been possessed by the assignees of the late Earl of Pembroke, by virtue 
of a grant made of the park of the Devises by the late Queen to the late 
Earl of Essex, wherein the premises were supposed to have passed. But 
on examination the contrary appearing, the Earl of Montgomery has 
been petitioner to the King for the same, having the Park also in 
reversion. 
I p. (P. 2388) 

The Bishop of Durham to the Earl of Salisbury 
1610, June 17. — The bill for the passing of 'Brittaynes Burse' and 
other things between your Lordship and me was yesterday read in the 
Upper House. If your solicitor had acquainted me therewith, it might 
have been drawn so as it should not have needed to have been com- 
mitted. I could not get a copy of it until this evening. If not trouble- 
some I will tomorrow between 7 and 8 in the morning attend your Lord- 
ship. I must acknowledge your late just and patient hearing of my 
cause with my crooked and unkind neighbours and officer, for Wright is 
yet my receiver. From Duresme House, 17 June, 1610. 
Holograph Seal \p. (128 131) 



225 



King James I to the Earl of Salisbury 
1610, June 24. — We are informed by the Governor and Company of 
the Merchant Adventurers that they have been advertised by their 
factors and servants at Hamborough, Lubeck and Stoadt in Germany 
that upon May 29 last, by virtue of a warrant from the Emperor, all their 
goods and debts were put under arrest, and likewise the said servants 
and all English merchants living in those territories. We have therefore 
thought fit to give order here that all ships, goods, debts and merchants, 
subjects of the Emperor, that shall be found in our dominions be put 
under arrest, and require you to give order to all mayors of port towns 
and officers of ports accordingly; special charge being given to the 
captains of our ships and other ministers that the goods found in any 
ships be not embezzled or purloined, but kept safely until further 
direction. 

'Given under our Signet at our Palace of Westminster, the four and 
twentieth day of June in the eighth year of our reign of Great Britain', 
etc. 
Signed Seal \\pp. (128 132) 

Abatement of Impositions 
1610, June 26. — Warrant for abating of impositions on divers goods 
and merchandise. Westminster, 26 June, 1610. 
1 m. Much damaged (220 5) 



Annuities and Offices 
[1610 ? June.] — Annuities granted unto my Lord [Salisbury], viz by: 
Gloucester per annum 
Totnes in Devon 
Exon. 
Maior and burgesses of Plymouth 

Dartmouth 
Deane and Canons of Windsore 



C s 
C s 

X 11 

x u 

XIII» VI s VIII' 1 



Offices 
Surveiorship of Hertfordshire. 
Stewardship of Munden magna. 
M", Keeper, Steward of Enfeld Chase. 
Keeper of Elsing House park etc. 
High Steward of the Queen's lands. 
Keping of Somerset house and gardins. 
Master of the Court of Wards and Keeper of 
the Privy Seale. 

Chancellor of Thuniversitie of Cambridge. 
Steward of the said Universitie. 
Steward of the lands of Trinity Colledge in 
Cambridge. 

Justice of Eire within all his Ma ts parks in 
Hertf. 

High Steward of Doncaster. 
High Steward of Kingston upon Hull. 
Thoffice of bishops clerk of Sar[um]. 



XIII 11 VI s VIII d 
XVIII s IIII d 

c s 

XX 11 V s 

XX" 

nil 

clxvi 11 xiip mr 1 

nil 
IIII' 1 

X H 

nil 

C s 

VF XIII s UII d 

IIII 11 XIII s IIII' 1 



226 

Surveior of the possessions of the B: of Norwich. X h 

High Steward of the B: of Oxfords lands. VI 1 ' XIII s III! 1 

M r of the game of all forests, parks, etc. of 

the B: of Coventry X 1 ' 

High Steward, Escheator, etc. of Westminster. C s 

Stewardship of Saven'gworth. XXXIII s HIT 1 (my 

Lords father had this 
office : whether my 
Lord have it or not, I 
know not.) Undated 

Thomas and [Agnes] Croocher 
[1610, ? June] — An information addressed to the King. Thomas 
Croocher, husbandman, and his eldest daughter, have been condemned 
to death at Maidstone Assizes for murdering her new born child,* and 
are to be executed tomorrow or on Friday. The child was found in 
Croocher 's grounds and the daughter suspected; and one Pierce 
of Maidstone (heretofore burnt in the hand and Croocher's mortal 
enemy) deposed that he saw the woman delivered of a child, Croocher 
and his wife being by, and Croocher kill it. Cites the testimony of 
various women that it was impossible she could have been the mother. 
It is prayed that the King will defer the execution till the matter be 
further investigated. Undated. 
I p. (196 116) 

Lord Carew to the Earl of Salisbury 
1610, July 3. — Begs him to speak or send to the French Ambassador 
in favour of the enclosed petition of Edward Roy, merchant of Wey- 
mouth. The bearer, Jesper Hussey, follows the suit. Weymouth, 3 July. 
1610. 

Holograph Endorsed: 'Lord Carew, in behalf of John Roye and 
Edmund [Edward] Roye, merchants.' 1 p. (196 5) 

The Enclosure 
John Roye and Edward Roye to the Earl of Salisbury, merchants of 
Weymouth and Melcombe Regis. In May last they freighted a bark for 
Bayon in Galicia, which was surprised by a ship called a 'Sattaye' of 
Marcellez; which ship most cruelly entreated the master and company, 
rifled them and their ship, and left them without foremast, main mast 
half cut off, without anchors, cables or ballast, or sea plot or any other 
instrument to guide them. Beg Salisbury's help in recovering damages 
by moving the French Ambassador to write to the Governor of Marcellez 
on their behalf . Undated. 
Petition I p. (196 6) 

Dudley Norton to Roger Houghton 
1610, July 3. — It is my Lord's [Salisbury's] pleasure that you send me 
40 1 to be employed for the service of secret intelligence. 3 July, 1610. 
Receipt at foot. 
\ p. (214 65) 

* A pardon to Thomas and Agnes Croocher is dated 28 June, 1610. {Cal.S.P.Dom., 1603-1610 
p. 621). See also Part XVII of (his Calendar, p. 585. 



227 

Grievances presented by Parliament 
1610, July 7.— 'Record of some worthy proceedings in the honourable, 

wise and faithful House of Commons in the late Parliament 1611. 

Note at end,. 'These grievances were presented to his Majesty with a 

speech of Sir Francis Bacon by 12 of the Lower House, 7 July, 1610, in 

the 4th session of Parliament, because the King commanded 12 and no 

more. 1621.' 

12 pp. (253 2) 

Lord Carew to the Earl of Salisbury 
1610, July 10.— From Weymouth when I was going aboard 1 wrote 
to you,' and* sent my letters to the post at Shirborne, which I hope you 
have received. Upon the 4th of this month I arrived in Guernesey, where 
I use my best diligence to inform myself of the estate of this government, 
which in civil causes (as well as in the ecclésiastique) so far differs from 
the courses held in England, as I find some difficulty to understand 
them. Whereby I shall be enforced to remain here more days than I 
determined when I asked leave of her Majesty, and therefore I pray 
you she may be prepared that my borrowing of time may be excused. I 
find the King's charter granted to the bailiff and jurats so much stood 
upon by them as they are apt to encroach upon the Governor, and the 
Church discipline aims at superlative power over them both. I observe 
the King's directions, which is to inform myself of them both as well as I 
can, and not to discover which way my affections lean, for if I should we 
should quarrel upon differences; for the people are proud, and the 
ministers full of heat. I do not think I shall find any of either quality 
inclinable to the Church of England, so far is the reformed discipline 
rooted in their hearts. When it shall please God to honour me with the 
kissing of your hands, I hope to be able to 'anotamyze' this government 
unto you. Cornet Castle, 10 July, 1610. 
Holograph Endorsed: 'Lo. Carew.' I p. (196 7) 

King James 1 to the Earl of Salisbury 
1610, July 14.— Warrant in behalf of Sir Thomas Mounson, knight, a 
gentleman usher of the Privy Chamber, upon whom the King has been 
pleased to bestow all benefit accruing to the Crown by the forfeiture of 
the manors and lands of Dorothy White, deceased, the wife of one White, 
a citizen and woollen draper of London. The said Dorothy White was 
attainted of felony in the time of the late Queen Elizabeth, and was one 
of the three coheirs of the Lady Margaret Luttrell, deceased. 'Given 
under our Signet at our Palace of Westminster, the fourteenth day of 
July in the eighth year of our reign.' etc. 
Signed \p. (128* 135) 

Lord Chancellor Ellesmere to the Lord High Treasurer 

[1610] July 14. — My desire to have had your presence in Parliament 

this day was for the bill for the King's safety, which in my opinion Mr 

Solicitor has penned very effectually . Time will not serve to pass it unless 

it be begun and proceeded in with speed. I pray you let me know your 



228 

mind whether it be noticed to give it the first reading this morning, 
notwithstanding that both your Lordship and the Lord Privy Seal be 
absent. Saturday morning, 14 July. 
Holograph Seal Endorsed: '14 July, 1610.' h p. (128 134) 

King James 1 to the Earl of Salisbury 
1610, July 23. — Warrant in behalf of Henry Shafton, gentleman, to 
whom the King has granted the goods and two parts of the lands of 
Francis Josline of co. Essex, and Dame Margaret, his wife, late the wife 
of Sir Francis Fitch of Ramesden, co. Essex, alleged to be recusants, 
upon their conviction within a year of the date of the present warrant. 
'Given under our Signet at our Palace of Westminster, the three and 
twentieth day of July in the eighth year of our reign.' etc. 
Signed lp.' (128 136) 

King James 1 to the Earl of Salisbury 
1610, July 23. — Warrant in behalf of Ralph Beeston and Ralph Bowes 
to whom the King has granted the goods and two parts of the lands of 
Francis Holt, late of Henwood, co. Warwick, and now resident in 
Middlesex near the city of London, alleged to be a recusant, upon his 
conviction. 'Given under our Signet at our Palace of Westminster, the 
three and twentieth day of July in the eighth year of our reign.' etc. 
Signed Seal 11 pp. (128 137) 

Sir John Bennet to the Earl of Salisbury 
1610, July 29. — As to stay of sale of woods in the manor of King's 
Norton, co. Worcester, part of the Queen's jointure, and the Queen's 
claims therein. 29 July, 1610. 
Holograph I p. (132 135) 

King James 1 to the Earl of Salisbury 
1610, July 31. — Warrant in behalf of John Grey to whom the King 
has granted the goods and two parts of the lands of John Ewens of 
Sutton, co. Somerset, Thomas Bayneham of Martle, co. Hereford, 
William Nayler of Beach, co. Berks, Thomas Walwine of Mitchemarble, 
co. Hereford and William Hawle of Heymeadowe, co. Gloucester, alleged 
to be recusants, upon their conviction. 'Given under our Signet at our 
Palace of Westminster, the last day of July in the eighth year of our 
reign.' etc. 
Signed Seal \{pp. (128 140) 

Sir Thomas Bartlett to the Earl of Salisbury 
[1610, July] — Power secluding me from my estate I obtained his 
Majesty's favour conditionally to take benefit of it. The conditions were 
so reasonable as to pass the allowance of your Honour and the Privy 
Council at Hampton Court, and his Majesty's limitation so feasible as 
that I procured certificate and other complices to clear his Majesty's 
doubts. With this prize I returned not to his Majesty but to your Honour 
and presented it on my knee with my service. Since which, to second 



229 

my conformity to your honourable designs, what notorious dangers and 
misery I have passed, almost the kingdom can witness. What hitherto 
I have done has been by your direction on promise to be relieved, the 
Parliament being dismissed. I am withal seconded with my wife's mis- 
fortune. I cannot yet misdoubt your honourable performances, 
notwithstanding you have been pleased to return me more than a 
comfortless reply. I crave you lend or procure me fifty pounds, engaging 
to repay the same, albeit I beg the sum amongst my friends by 10" a 
man. Undated 
Holograph Endorsed: 'Re: 28 July, 1610.' I p. (128 138) 

Sir Robert Knollys to the Earl of Salisbury 
[1610, July] — About three years since he preferred a petition to his 
Majesty for licence to dye, vent and transport fifty packs of coloured 
and black silk. The petition was referred to the Privy Council, before 
whom he would have attended to follow the same, had not Sir Thomas 
Challenor requested him to stay, promising that if he would suffer one 
John Kemer to insert ten packs for himself into the same grant, he would 
undertake to compass it for him. He yielded, but Kemer held him for 
two years with fair words and large promises, protesting he had often 
moved their Lordships and received assured hopes. Is persuaded other- 
wise, and fearing to be prevented by his delays delivered a new petition 
at Newmarket, which the King referred to Mr Chancellor and others of 
the commissioners for such causes, at whose meeting so much as con- 
cerned the abuses of the silk dyers was not liked, but the matter of 
transportation was thought reasonable. Being assured that nothing can 
pass before it comes to Salisbury's view, presents his petition here- 
enclosed, leaving the dyers to be reformed when it shall please God and 
the King. Undated 
Holograph Seal Endorsed: 'July, 1610.' I p. (128 139) 

[The Earl of Salisbury] to [? Sir Thomas Lake] 

[? 1610, July] — I send you now the effects of some of my labours since 
his Majesty left this town, wherewith I pray you summarily acquaint 
him, and as soon as his leisure will serve him procure his hand. 

There are two instruments concerning the treaty which divers of us 
that were commissioners have solemnly signed on Sunday in the after- 
noon at the French Ambassador's house, from whom we have likewise 
received a counterpart by virtue of his commission: of which treaty his 
Majesty is now to sign the ratification, so is he likewise to sign a com- 
mission to take the oath of the King and Queen too, for now there is a 
dispatch come to that effect to Mons r . Boderie. The like will be done 
here by some man that shall be sent over, not only to take the oath but 
to bring a ratification. 

The third is a warrant for some alteration in the impositions. 

The fourth a draft of a Proclamation for starch, with a tacit reforma- 
tion, but not as any admittance of lack of power to do that which was 
before directed. 

I pray you procure such another letter to be signed for Spain as I had 
before, because I would send the dispatch two ways. 



230 

I send you also a letter from the King of Denmark in answer of mine 
that brought him the first news of the French King's death.* I send it 
the rather because his Majesty may see how well he took it. 

I left a letter from our agent in Spain either with the King or with the 
Prince; I pray you to remember it to either of them. 

When you have dispatched these I could be contented you made a 
journey hither, because there be some papers concerning the matter of 
wool and clothing whereof I may gather some light by you what is 
become of them. The matter came in question in [15]84, wherein there 
was great opposition between my Lord [Burghley] and Sir Francis 
Walsingham. 

If j^ou be here by Wednesday night or Thursday by noon it is time 
enough, for on Friday I have appointed to hear some dispute between 
the clothiers and the merchants concerning matter of clothing, which 
had been a better matter for the Parliament than to fly upon the 
King's prerogative in so many things as they would do. I will have it 
in the open Custom house if Thursday give a better certificate than the 
last did. 

My Lord Chancellor and I and my Lord Privy Seal with some others 
have caused strict watch to be kept upon the infected houses in the City 
and suburbs, by laying in his Majesty's name a severe charge upon the 
Mayor and Aldermen, who with the justices have been ordered to meet 
before this filthy Fair of St Bartholomew [August 22], memorable for a 
massacre and continual origin of the plague . Undated . 
Draft, unsigned 2^pp. (129 107) 

Fra Fulgenzio Manfredi 
1610 [July] — 'Relazione délia morte di Fra Fulgenzio Manfredi 
Viniziano sequita in Roma l'Anno 1610 a S. Luglio.' 
21pp. (140 228) 
[See Cal. S.P.Venice, 1610-16, p. 5] 

Woods of the Earl of Salisbury in Kent 
1610, July. — Woods in the possession of the Earl of Salisbury in 
Higham, Shorn, Cobham. etc. co. Kent. July, 1610. 
1 sheet (145 132) 

Sir Thomas Cambell to the Earl of Salisbury 
1610, August 3. — Encloses and describes the petition below. Begs 
letters to the Customer of Rochester requiring him to forbear to grant 
any more bills for taking up coals at Gravesend, or otherwise for relief 
of the petitioners. 3 August, 1610. 
Signed \p. (196 8) 

The Enclosure 
The Coal meters of the City of London to Sir Thomas Cambell, Lord 
Mayor. The Mayor, Commonalty and Citizens of London have time out 
of mind had the office of bailiwick and 'conservacy' of the river of 



BeeCal.S.P. Dom.. 1603-1610 p. 625. 



231 

Thames, and the office and fees, etc, of measurage of all coals, grain, 
salt, fruit, roots and other commodities whatsoever measurable, 
brought into the river, or remaining on any ship, vessel or barge, 
between Staines bridge westward and Yendall, alias Yenland alias 
Yenleete near the sea eastward : the offices to be exercised by the Lord 
Mayor or his deputies. These offices were confirmed to them by letters 
patent, 3 Jac. A great quantity of the measurage and fees have been 
of late usurped by the officers of Gravesend, who, to defraud the City, 
procure bills from the Customer of Rochester to the coastmen for the 
sale of their coals there. Petitioners beg the Lord Mayor's letters to the 
Lord Treasurer for redress; the rather that a late order of the Lord 
Treasurer's, in Sir Henry Roe's mayoralty, to have true notice kept of 
all coals that are uttered, will by this means be crossed . Undated. 
Petition \p. (196 9) 

Officers of the Port of Boston to the Earl of Salisbury 
1610, August 3. — Since your letters for the allowance of shipping of 
corn, there has been none transported or likely to be shipped from our 
port of Boston, although the prices hold under the limitation of the 
Statute, viz, wheat at 22 s the quarter, beans and barley at 12 8 the 
quarter. From Boston, the third day of August, 1610. 
Signed: Wm. Bennett, Tho. Haughton, collectors; And. Baron, compt- 
roller. \p. (128 141) 

Peter Moucheron to the Earl of Salisbury 
1610, August 4/14. — His demand upon Sir Oliver Cromwell, as 
executor of Sir Horatio Palavicino, is fit to be decided by the law 
merchant, and not in Chancery, whose Masters will decide according to 
strict law, which Sir Oliver takes for his advantage. Details various 
proceedings in the matter, and begs Salisbury to take some course to 
end the controversy, the rather because Prince Maurice wrote to the 
same effect to the King, and the Ambassadors of the Lords Estates have 
recommended the same to Salisbury. Middelborrough, 14 August stilo 
novo, 1610. 
Signed I p. (196 13) 

Lord Compton to the Earl of Salisbury 
1610, August 8. — I have seen the King's warrant for removing my 
Lord Mordant, my nephew, to the Bishop of London, which I am willing 
to obey; but desire you to consider whether I, having obtained his 
wardship, may not be thought worthy to have charge of his person, 
which being committed to any but myself, must turn to my disgrace, 
and an unfortunate conceit of the loss of all my friends. I acknowledge 
none at this time but you, whom I have ever found noble unto me. 
Against you come to Holdenby I will have my nephew ready at your 
dispose, when I hope you will be pleased with a course honourable for 
you and dutiful for me to subscribe to. Holdenby, 8 August, 1610. 

PS. — I acquainted his Majesty with my desire, who referred it to you 
to consider whether the Bishop or myself may best serve for this care of 



232 

his education, about which I would have attended you but that I hear 
you will be at Holdenby on Friday next. 
Holograph I p. (196 10) 

Sir Julius Caesar to the Earl of Salisbury 
1610, August 9. — Sir Thomas Cotelis and Meredith have been with 
me. Sir Thomas has no money, nor expects the receipt of any till next 
term. Meredith received yesterday from the Receipt the 6,147! payable 
here the 12th of this month, due for one month to be ended the 24 of 
this August, which he shows to have been paid by his factor at the 
Haghe the 12 of July last according to covenant; so that we have paid 
it before our day; and our next provision for payment must be on the 12 
of September next, which he is to pay at the Haghe the 12 of this month, 
for which he says he has taken order. Our pain now is for the works and 
for Ireland. The works shall tomorrow receive so much as shall pay the 
workmen, and Ireland must have somewhat for payment of some bills 
of exchange which be returned over hither; the rather for that the 
Londoners take up by exchange all their money in Ireland, and send 
either none or very little over thither in specie, whereby our Treasurer 
there is disappointed from taking up of money and our payments there 
discredited, because the bills of exchange are more readily paid by them 
than by us. Strond, 9 August, 1610. 

Holograph 1 p. (196 11). Postal endorsements: 'From London 9 
Aug. at 8 of the clock at night. Hast, post hast, post hast, hast. Jul. 
Caesar. Barnet at 10 at night and past. Saintalbons past 2. Brickhill at 
7 in the morninge.' 

Anne Walliston 
1610, August 10. — Royal warrant to the Earl of Salisbury to make 
entry of the name of Anne Walliston, of the county of Warwick, widow, 
a recusant, that it may be known she is already granted, and when she is 
convicted and the lands seized and found to the King's use, that then 
he give order to make a bill for William Edgeley, who presented her 
name to the King and purposes by his industry and travail to convict 
her, granting him her goods and two parts of her lands. And that there 
be no delay to give her hope that under colour of this she be hidden and 
concealed longer than otherwise she should be, if Edgeley within one 
year do not convict her and return the inquisition of her lands into the 
Exchequer, then this warrant shall be void. Manor of Holdenby, 10 
August in the eighth year of the reign. 
Royal Signet U pp. (147 163) 

Recusants 
1610, August 13. — John Kinloche has presented Roger Smith of 
Withcock, c. Leicester, gent; John Needham of Gradsby, co. Leicester, 
yeoman; Francis Wilford of Quendon, co. Essex, gent; Henry Roper of 
Mountfeild, co. Essex, gent; Peter Knaseborough of Walkingham Hill, 
co. Yorks, gent; and Henry Barney of Reedham, co. Norfolk, gent, as 
recusants, whom he purposes to prosecute and convict. This warrant 



233 

grants him such benefit as should come to the King by their conviction, 
but is to be void if he does not convict them within a year. Manor of 
Holdenby, 13 August, 8 Jac. 
Signed by the King \\ pp. (196 12) 

Sir Julius Caesar to the Earl of Salisbury 
1610, August 15. — I have received 3 packets and 2 letters for you 
since your departure. The packets for Cleve fail not here, but if they 
fail it is between the Haghe and the camp. The letters to D. Atkins and 
my Lord Wootton I sent, and the packet to Mr Levinus, also the letters 
to my Lord Privy Seal and Mr Houghton or Lister. For the other news 
I thank you, especially for that of the money out of France. My Lady 
Cecyll thinks herself most bound to you for your favour to her husband, 
as in many things else, so especially in this remission of Dutton. Strond, 
15 August, 1610. 
Holograph I p. (196 14) 

Sir Thomas Dutton to the Earl of Salisbury 
[1610] August 16. — According to your Lordship's command on my 
allegiance at the Council Table from the King, I have submitted myself 
under the custody of Mr Harieson, one of his Majesty's guard, to be 
brought to answer my accusors before my Lords generally, of whom I 
have so honourable an opinion that I shall in nothing doubt the receiv- 
ing of hard measure; for I protest to you I never spake against any of 
his authorities or irreverently of him in all my life. Norhampton, 
August 16, 1610. 
Holograph Endorsed: '16 August 1610.' I p. (128 142(2)) 

The Earl of Shrewsbury to the Earl of Salisbury 
1610, August 19. — When I was sent into France I had two com- 
missions, one for the delivery of the Garter, the other for taking the oath 
for the League. The first was only and absolutely to myself, which by 
my instructions I was to perform first, and then to present Sir Anthony 
Mildmay, Ledger Ambassador to the King; which I did accordingly, 
and before his oath was taken. But I do not perfectly remember 
whether Sir Anthony was joined with me in that commission or not, but 
I rather think he was, for I well remember he was present and stood 
close by me when it was done, and when those words mentioned in the 
oath conjunctis manibus were recited, the King put both his hands be- 
twixt mine, as our Bishops here use to do to his Majesty when they do 
their homage. Thus you see a dull wit is accompanied with a weak 
memory which can give you no better satisfaction, whereof I am 
ashamed. We had no Ambassador in France when I came thither. 
The commissions I had are [sic] the country. It is, as I take it, 13 years 
since I was there. Brod Streete, Saturday, 19 August, 1610. 
Holograph \p. (196 15) 

Sir Thomas Lake to the Earl of Salisbury 
1610, August 23. — His Majesty came not in yesterday till eight of the 
clock, yet he saw your Lordship's letter and appointed this morning for 

CM— R 



234 

signing the dispatch; which although he makes great haste to go forth 
again, he has performed. I have herewith sent you the Treaty and the 
commission for the oath with the instructions. The letters are signed 
but not yet sent by his Majesty's commandment, because he will have 
two more written, one to Suilly and one other to the Chancellor. For 
Mo r de Souilly his Majesty gives this reason, that when the agent re- 
turned he received not kinder remembrance from any man in France nor 
larger offer of service, with a kind of expostulation that his Majesty had 
not sent him one of his books. For the Chancellor, his Majesty thinks it 
appertains to his place in good manners, seeing his Highness writes to 
the other officers. I purpose to frame two letters according to the 
pattern of those to Mo r de Villeroy and to have them ready. In the 
subscribing of the letters to the King and Queen Regent, his Majesty 
has written the words of compliment with his own hand. In the rest he 
thinks it sufficient you cause it to be written in some roman hand like his. 
From the Court at Wodstock, this 23 August, 1610. 
Holograph Seal broken Upp. (128 143) 

Sir Roger Wilbraham to the Lord High Treasurer 
1610, August 27. — Your letter to Sir Thomas Lake of 24 August, who 
I hear is this day gone to London, came to my hands. Fearing it might 
import haste I presumed to open it. When his Majesty read the first 
part he seemed astonished that any should desire to know beforehand 
his diet, as he termed it, for it might have no other end but a cor- 
respondency with foreign intelligence, and therefore charged me 
(though I knew from his mouth that he purposes to be at Hampton 
Court on Saturday sevennight) not to advertise so much to your Lord- 
ship. To the residue of your letter he gave no answer. His Majesty, the 
Queen and Prince are in good health, and cheerful in their pastimes. 
The Duke of Lennox is gone this day to the L. Ch. Baron's at Burford. 
The Earl of Worcester and L. Knolles attend her Majesty, who on 
Wednesday removes from Woodstocke, purposing on Saturday next to 
be at Hampton Court, where his Majesty will be on Saturday seven- 
night; and after two or three nights abode there intends to remove to 
Theobalds for some 8 or 10 days, and so return to Hampton Court till he 
go to Roiston, as my Lord of Worcester told me yesterday. There is no 
news here to advertise to your Lordship, but that at the instance of the 
Bishop of Oxford his Majesty has given me direction to write to his 
learned counsel to confer with the Bishop's counsel, and to inform his 
Majesty what hope or means there may be of his restitution to many 
thousands wrongfully taken from that church. 27 August, 1610, at the 
Court at Ricott. 
Holograph Seal I p. (128 144) 

Sir William Romeny to the Earl of Salisbury 
1610, August 28. — Requests a warrant to permit the customary 
quantity of ninety tuns of ordinary table beer to be shipped from the port 
of London to John Turner, concierge of the English House in Midle- 
brough, for the provision of the Merchants Adventurers residing there, 
who have always found the English beer much more wholesome and 



235 

better agreeing with their bodies than that which those countries can 
afford. London, the 28th of August, AO 1610. 

Signed by Romeny for the Governor, Assistants and Generality of the 
Fellowship of Merchant Adventurers \p. (128 145) 

John Murray to the Earl of Salisbury 
1610, August 30. — I received your letter and according to your direc- 
tion dispatched the bearer the same night; but because his Majesty was 
going to Carres [? cards] and I was to play for fault of better company, I 
could not write with the bearer. I have written these few lines to make 
my excuses and let your Honour know I did according to your direction 
in kissing his Majesty's hands for you, which he took very well, and is in 
good health at this present. Yesterday he killed one stag in the fore- 
noon, and in the even went to the park and killed one buck with his bow 
and spear, killed one leash of partridges with his soar tassel of goshawk 
and his hawk, which was more nor I knew him do this year at that 
sport. So soon as you get news from Juliers let his Majesty have them, 
for I know he longs for them. As for my own business, his Majesty 
desires you to advise with my Lord Chancellor, in order that it may 
be put to some point at his return. 1 hope either your Honour has 
or will be mindful of the same on his Majesty's coming to Hampton 
Court, for when your Honour was with his Majesty last, having so much 
business, I durst not presume to trouble you at that time. At Eastern - 
stead, the 30 of August, 1610. 
Holograph Seal I p. (128 146) 

William Glover to the Earl of Salisbury 
1610, August 31 . — He details the course taken by the Chancellor of the 
Duchy, on the information of Gryme and Trench, for examination by 
jury of the spoil and sale of timber in the manor of Gymingham. Justifies 
his dealings in the sale. Of Gryme's riotous proceedings, coming with a 
rout of above 300 people, so that had not Sir Henry Sidney been with 
him (who came to buy timber for his uncle Sir Wymond Carew), he durst 
not have adventured himself in the sale. He is willing to have a com- 
mission sent to indifferent commissioners. 31 August, 1610. 
Holograph 2 pp. (132 136) 

Thomas Dewhurst to the Earl of Salisbury 
[1610, August] — Mr Flynt being dead and your Lordship to make 
choice of a new keeper of Cheshunt Park, in regard the same was lately 
enlarged by taking in Perier's house and grounds, which I held under 
you and where my father and myself have lived more than forty years, 1 
presume to be a suitor for the keeping of that Park. Undated 
Holograph Endorsed: 'August 10.' \p. (128 147) 

Sir William Lane to the Earl of Salisbury 

[1610, August] — There is a tax intended to be imposed upon Brig- 

stocke Park towards the provision of his Majesty's household. My hand 

was required thereto by Sir Edward Mountagewe and others in a letter 

directed to Mr Dale, your tenant. I have forborne my hand till I know 



236 

your pleasure. The charge will be 121 a year at the least, which being of 
continuance may hinder your Lordship in the sale of it if hereafter you 
have anv such occasion. Undated 
Holograph Seal Endorsed: 'August 1610.' \<p. (128 148) 

King James 1 to the Earl of Salisbury 
[1610, August] — My little beagle, for lack of any man here to ease me 
in making of this dispatch, I am forced to make it with my own hand. 
Ye shall therefore know that my Ambassador can do me no better ser- 
vice than in assisting to the treaty of this reconciliation, wherein he may 
have as good occasion to employ his tongue and his pen (and I wish it may 
be with as good success) as General Cecil and his soldiers have done 
their swords and their mattocks. As for the place of meeting, that must 
be left to the parties to agree upon. I only wish that I may handsomely 
wind myself out of this quarrel, wherein the principal parties do so little 
for themselves. It is true I think my Ambassador's discourse a little 
metaphysical, for in my opinion the adverse party will be the readier to 
treat in earnest that Juliers is won, though they made shift before by 
gaining of time by delay. Always to conclude, an honest appointment 
now is the only honourable and safe way for me, and therein my Ambas- 
sador can not too much labour. Now I long to hear of Baldwine, whereof 
I wonder that he writes nothing. Farewell. Undated 
Holograph I p. (134 141) 
[Partly printed in Gardiner History of England, 1 1 . p. 100] 

Lord Hay to the Earl of Salisbury 
[1610, ? August] — After nine o'clock yesternight, when his Majesty 
had made an end of his sport, I received your letters, by which is very 
apparent your great care and pains for Gunterod, and in that your great 
love to your master, since now the poor gentleman suffers for his service. 
His Majesty apprehends by your letter your not coming to Hornby, and 
commanded me to signify to you that if the multitude of your affairs 
would suffer you, that he would be glad to see you. His Highness returns 
you many thanks for your care and pains in his business, and much 
wishes your coming to Hombe, so it may stand with the conveniency of 
the multitude of your cares. He entreats you earnestly to remember 
what Sir Thomas Challenor told you concerning his business, and to 
advertise him quickly of it. I am sorry to find by your letter that you 
have not known as yet that the letter I wrote Gunterod, advertising him 
of your love and care in this his business, and instructing him how to 
carry himself both towards Johannes and Rydder, has not been in your 
secretary's hands these eight days past; for that same night did I write 
it, and the next day after sent it to Mr Kercam, of whom I had answer 
that the packet was gone the day before, and upon the next occasion 
this letter should be sent. 

His Majesty was never in better health, nor never had better sport. I 
send you this enclosed according to your direction, for answer of Johan- 
nes's letter to his Majesty. Undated 
Holograph Endorsed: '1610.' 2pp. (196 35) 



237 

Michael Molyns to Richard Percival 
[1610 c. August] — 'My Lord [Wharton]' is utterly without money at 
this time, and must be a suitor to 'His Honour' to bear with him: the 
rather that the price is treble the value, and the marriage not worth one 
penny. Hopes 'His Honour' will tender the poor lady so far as the equity 
of her cause requires. The feodary shall be laboured to make survey of 
the Dorsetshire lands. Undated 
\p. (P.2198) 
[See Cal.S.P.Dom., 1603-1610, p. 630] 



Sir Thomas Lake to the Earl of Salisbury 
1610. September 2. — This gentleman of the Marquis of Brandeburg 
showed himself not here till this morning, before which time I had 
received all your letters. If you think fit the Marquis should have a 
letter from his Majesty and give any direction for it, his Majesty has 
willed that I should make it. The gentleman confesses he has nothing in 
charge but the delivery of his letters, and his Majesty finds that having 
spoken twice with him he can say little. I think his Highness has said 
enough to him by speech, having referred the Marquis for answer to his 
directions given to Sir Raffe Wynwood. 

His Highness has perused the papers you sent this morning; judges 
Alabaster to be a distracted person and wishes him to live a while at 
Amsterdam, where there is liberty for all religions, and to see what will 
become of him. 

I have sent you a warrant for Denmark, whereof I never heard till 
this morning in a letter from Mr Kirkham. Your Lordship's letter that 
gave former direction for it never came to my hands. From the Court 
at Aldershatt, this 2 September, 1610. 
Holograph Seal 1J pp. (128 149) 



Viscount Cranborne's Travels 
1610, September 3/13 to 1610-11, March 22/April 1. 
Septembre Le detestable parricide en la personne de Henry 4 Roy 

1610 de France et de Navarre qui avint le 14 de May, 1610 

Le gouverneur me fut retirer en Angleterre et y seiourner iusques au 
de Calais s'ap- Lundy 13 Sept; au dit an que ie party de Londres pour 
pelle Mons r me rendre a Dovre et passer a Calais le vendredy 17 de 
d'Arquiem, de ce mois d'où ie partis le Dimenche suivant après disner 
Bologne, pour me rendre a Bologne ou l'on compte 7 lieues. 

Mons r 
d'Epernon 
Monstreuil Le Lundy 20 ie vins a Monstreuil ou l'on compte aussy 

7 lieues; le Sieur de Mignieux y commande. 
Abbeville Le Mardy arrivé a Abbeville a 10 lieues de la, ou passe 

la riviere de Somme; le Maire de la ville y commande 
Paris par grace spéciale du Roy. De la i'eu envye de m'en 

aller en poste a Paris ou l'on compte 38 lieues. J'y 



238 



Troye. De 
Troye Mons r 
de Pralin, et 
du pais Mons r 
de Nevers 



Chastillon 

Dijon 

Mons r le Grand 

est gouverneur 

de Bourgogne 

Beaune 

Chalons 

Mascon 

Lion 



Laiguibelette 
Chambery 



Le mont Senis 



demeurey quelque temps iusques a ce que ie me rendis 
a Troye en Champaigne le iour St Michel (on y compte 
34 lieues) pour y moindre mes gens et tous ensemble 
nous en partîmes le 1 d'Octobre. 

Octobre 
pour aller disner a Bar sur Seine a 7 lieues et de la 
coucher a Chastillon a 7 autres lieues ou commande le 
Marquis de Mirebeau. Le Samedy ie couche a Chanceau, 
gros bourg fermé a 9 bonnes lieues, et le Dimanche 3 il 
en faillut faire 7 pour arriver a Dijon ou commande le 
Baron de Lus qui est lieutenant du Roy en Bourgogne. 
Le Lundy 4 disné a Beaune a 7 lieues de la, et couché a 
Chalons a 5 lieues; le Mardy tout d'une traite ie vins 
coucher a Mascon a 10 grandes lieues; c'est une assez 
iolye ville qui est sur la riviere de Saône comme 
Chaollons. Le Mercredy pour venir a Lion il faillut 
faire trize grandes lieues. J'y passé quelque temps 
pour reposer mes chevaux et en partis le Samedy 9 pour 
coucher a Bourgoin, ou l'on compte 7 lieues. Vous 
passez a la Vorpiliere bourg et maison de Monsieur le 
Mareschal des Diguieres. Le Dimanche passé a la tour 
du Pin a 2 lieues, et de la au pont de Beauvoysin a 3 
lieues; la passe la riviere d'Isère qui sépare la France de 
la Savoye. De la iusques au pied de la montaigne de 
l'Aiguibelette il y a 2 lieues; c'est un passage fort 
fâcheux plus pour les rochers qui embarassent le 
chemin que pour la hauteur. Il y a 2 lieues iusques a 
Chambery. Ceste ville n'est pas des meilleures bien que 
ce soit la capitale de Savoye. Il y a un chasteau qui 
n'est autre chose qu'une masse de pierre. Monsieur 
Jacob est gouverneur de la ville et de toute la Savoye. 
Le Lundy disné a Montmelian a 2 lieues, fortresse des 
plus belles, et gardée par 400 hommes commandez par 
un Italien nommé le Comte de Gatinare. La ville est au 
pied et ne vaut pas grand chose; il y a 4 compagnies 
d'Espagnols commandées par Dom Jouan le Brave. 
Passé la riviere sur un méchant pont de bois pour venir 
coucher a Aiguebelle a 4 lieues, ou il y a un méchant 
chasteau. Le Mardy disné a La Chambre a 4 lieues, 
passé puis après a St. Jean de Moriene a 2 lieues. C'est 
un Evesché dont l'evesque porte la qualité de Prince de 
l'Empire. St. Michel est a 2 lieues de la, et y a aussy un 
autre méchant chasteau; nostre couchée fut la. 
Le Mercredy disné a Modene a 3 lieues et couché a 
Lunebourg a 4 lieues au pied du Mont Senis; et est a 
noter que depuis 5 ou 6 lieues de Lion vous avez 
tousiours un chemin piereux et monteux, la riviere 
d'Aire ou celle d'Isère tantost a une main tantost a 
l'autre. Le Jeudy ie passe le Mont Senis. Ce passage 



239 

est bien plus haut que celuy de l'Aiguebelette, mais 
plus aisé a monter venant de Lunebourg. On compte 
vine lieue iusques au haut ou estant vous trouvez une 
plaine d'environ 2 lieues, un lac assez grand, la chap- 
pelle des Transis ou l'on enterre ceux qui l'on trouve 
morts dans les neiges, un logis pour la poste, et quelques 
autres maisons. En la valee qui contient 2 lieues de 
très dangereux chemin, vous avez comme au tiers une 
petite Eglise qui fait la separation de Savoye et de 
Piedmont, plus bas un assez bon village, et tout au 
bout de ceste descente est le bourg nomme la Non- 
valaise ou nous disnames, pour venir après coucher a 
St Joiare; l'on y conte 3 lieues; a my chemin vous 
trouvez la ville de Suse qui a un bon chasteau. Le 
Suse Vendredy passe a St. Andre a Villane a Ri vole ou ie 

Turin repeus un peu, et de la arrivé a Turin tellement que ie 

fis 8 lieues ce iour la et nous conterons doresnavant par 
milles a la façon d'Italye. 

Nombre des lieues depuis Calais iusques a Turin 212. 
Ceste ville est la capitale de Piedmont, demeure 
ordinaire du Duc de Savoye. Elle est sise assez près du 
Po, qui est un très beau fleuve. Le mesme iour Mons J 
le Marquis de Lulin m'envoya visiter et luy mesme le 
lendemain me vint prendre en mon logis pour me 
mener faire la reverence a Son Altesse qui me receut 
tresbien et me fit beaucoup d'hon[n]eur. Le dit Sieur 
M: de la me voulut conduire au logis qui m'avoit este 
prepare par le commandement de Son Altesse; l'apres 
disnee ie fus saluer Mons r le Prince. Le dimenche 17 ie 
vis la Citadelle qui est de celles qu'on tient au rang des 
plus belles places, close de 5 gros bastions a la moderne, 
bien revestus, un bon fossé devant force canons dessus, 
et m'asseura-on qu'il y a la dedans cent gros canons de 
Battrie et plus de 200 de toutes sortes, dont la plus 
part portent les armories de France. Au palais de Son 
Al: il y a une assez belle gallerie enrichye de tresrares 
peintures, mais sur tout vous y avez le commencement 
ou l'extraction de la maison de Savoye avec les 
pourtraicts au naturel de tous les prédécesseurs de 
S.A.: leur femmes et enfans depuis 800 ans iusques a 
auiourdhuy. En ceste mesme gallerie on me monstra 
plusieurs livres et disent qu'il y en a 50 mille de toutes 
sortes et douze mille manuscripts. 

Le Lundy après disner Son Al: voulut me voir en son 
parcq, qui est tout contre Turin. La dedans outre la 
beauté ordinaire de tels lieux champestres vous avez de 
beaux Jardins, un grand nombre d'Orangers, de 
grandes allées avec de belles grottes pour mettre ces 
arbres a couvert durant le mauvais temps. Son Altesse 
est fils d'une fille de François premier et seur de Henry 



240 



Versel 



Novarra 



Milan 



2; aussy tient il encores de la courtoisie françoise. Ce 
fut en ces Jardins que ie pris congé de S.A. et le 
remercyaj' de l'honneur que i'avois receu chez luy. Il 
estoit bien 4 heures neantmoins m'embarquant sur le 
Po. le vins coucher a Chivax ou Ion conte 10 mille, tant 
ceste riviere est rappide. Le Mardy 19 ie vins d'une 
traite a Versel ou il y a 24 mille, et faillut passer la 
riviere d'Oure en chemin, ce qui me tient bien 2 heures: 
vous y avez une grande Eglise assez belle, une citadelle 
et la dedans quinze cens hommes en garnison pour le 
Duc de Savoy e pource que c'est une place frontière de 
ses estats. Le Mercredy passe tout au près la riviere 
de Sare qui est fort roide a cause des torrents qui tom- 
bent dedans. La aux environs est la separation des 
estats de Piedmont et de Milan; de Versel on compte 
dix mille a Novarra qui est la premiere ville du Duché 
de Milan. 

Les murailles en estoient par terre; a present on la 
revestit de grands boulevers a la moderne; ce fut ou ie 
disné. Je pensois aller coucher a Bufalore, mais les 
eaues estoient si grandes et les passages si fâcheux que 
ie fus contraint de demeurer a Trecas, un méchant 
bourg, a 6 mille de Novarra, et y fus tresmal accomodé 
tant pour un grand nombre des Suisses qui y estoient 
que pour autres incom[m]oditez. Le jeudy 21 nous 
fusmes plus de 8 heures a passer par bateau la riviere 
du Tesin qui est a deux mille, passage des plus in- 
comodes et dangereux qui soit point. De la a Bufalore 
il y a 2 autres mille ou nous fîmes repaistre nos chevaux, 
et de la on compte 20 mille a Milan, ou nous arrivâmes 
ce mesme iour. Le Vendredy ie vis ce qui est de plus 
digne en la ville; la grande Eglise qu'on nomme le 
Dome, qui est bien des plus belles et mieux ornées qu'on 
puisse voir, enrichye des tresbeaux autels et sepulchres 
de marbre; tous les grands pilliers mesme de l'Eglise en 
sont: en un mot rien n'y manque si non qu'elle n'est 
pas tout achevée. L'hôpital est aussy fort beau ou ie 
vis une infinite de pauvres qu'on solicite assez bien a 
mon ad vis. Le chasteau de Milan est tenu pour une place 
des plus accomplies, des mieux gardées et des mieux 
munies. Il est fermé de six gros boulevers avec un bon 
rempart tout a l'entour. Par le dedans vous avez une 
gallerie couverte pour servir de cavalier — toute pleine 
des canons principalement du coste de la ville dont 
ceux du chasteau (qui sont naturels Espagnols) sont 
tousiours en defiance. Dom Diego Pimentel y commande 
et par tout le Duché en l'absence du Con[n]estable de 
Castille qu'on attendoit tous les iours. Le monastère 
et l'Eglise de St. Victor est aussy bien belle et enrichye 
des peinctures fort exquises. Celle de St. Ambroise est 



241 



Lodv 



Crema 



Orsvnovv 



Bresse 



fort ancienne ou l'on croit que le serpent d'airein qui 
estoit du temps de Moyse est sur une colomne; en un 
mot ceste ville est fort peuplée, pleine de manufactures 
de toutes sortes et des plus marchandes. 
J'en partis pour certaines considerations des le Samedy 
23, passé a Lode a 20 mille. Cest une grande villasse 
mal bastye ou nous trouvâmes environ de deux mille 
soldats pour le Roy d'Espaigne comme l'on nous 
asseura qu'il y avoit plus de vingt cinq mille hommes de 
pied, prests a marcher dans le Duché de Milan, bon 
nombre de Cavalerie et une grande bande d'artillerie. 
A my chemin est Marignan notable pour la victoire que 
gagna la près François premier contre les Suisses. 
Près de Lode il faut passer la riviere d'Agde sur un 
meschant pont de bois; de la iusques a la fin du Duché 
de Milan il y a environ de cinq mille et de la cinq autres 
a Crème. Or ceste ville estant frontière de ce costé des 
estats des Vénitiens, elle est bien fortifiée et gardée 
d'une bonne garnison commandée par un gentilhomme 
de Venise qui porte tiltre de Podestat. Le peuple, 
mesme celuv du plat pais, est fort aguerry. J'y passe 
quelques iours et en partis le Mardi 26. Tout contre 
on passe une riviere sur un méchant pont de bois, et 
tout aussy tost presque on entre derechef sur les terres 
du Duché de Milan si bien que ceste petite ville de 
Crème est toute environnée des seigneuries du Roy 
d'Espagne et durant 7 mille sur nostre chemin iusques 
aux environs de Sompsy, une petite ville et chasteau 
qui est encore a sa Ma; Catholique iusques au passage 
de l'Oglio (ainsi appelle on ceste riviere pour sa couleur 
qui est comme d'huile) d'où l'on compte dix mille 
iusques a Crème. La vous entrez sur les terres de la 
Seigneurye de Venize et trouvez incontinent la belle 
fortresse d'Orsynovy, et feys depuis l'Oglio par un 
tresbeau chemin 20 mille iusques a Bresse ou i'arrive ce 
mesme iour. Ceste ville est située au pied d'une 
montagne bien fertile et qui ne nuist aucunement a la 
fortresse. La dedans plusieurs gentilshommes font 
leur demeure qui rendent la place d'autant plus 
belle et mieux bastye, mais ce qui y est plus a remar- 
quer est le chasteau tant pour la situation que pour l'art. 
Il est inaccessible pour la plus part, les autres endroits 
sont couverts de bons bastions, vous y voyez de très- 
beaux canons de grosseur et de longueur extraordinaire; 
une bonne garnison de 300 soldats qui sortent fort peu. 
Le Podestat qui est un autre Seigneur de Venise et le 
Capitaine de la ville logent en un palais qui est de belle 
structure, les salles et les chambres bien parées et 
enrichyes de rares peintures sur tout l'escalier. Est 
fort remarquable une belle place au mylieu de la ville 



242 



en laquelle est la maison publique bastye en quarré, et 
la plus part de marbre. Les Eglises sont belles; entre 
autres celle qu'on appelle Nostre dame de grace presque 
pareille a celle de St. Victor de Milan. J'en partis le 
lendemain et ne fey qu 20 mille par un chemin un peu 
pierreux. L'on trouve l'Unato sur un haut. Ce fut 
pour loger a Desansano sur le lac de Guarda qui n'est 
gueres moindre que celuy de Geneve, mais le bourg 
n'est pas grande chose. Aux environs de ce lac le Duc 
de Mantoue a un beau palais et des Jardins de plaisir 
pour ce que l'air est propre a nourir les Citronniers et 
Orangiers. Encor que ce Duc ait la un palais tout les 
pais neantmoines est aux Vénitiens, mais il est tant amy 
de ceste Repub. qu'il sen est fait gentilhomme, entre 
au conseil pour balotter en son rang comme les autres. 
Au milieu de ce lac voyés un isle et un bourg pour le 
seiour du poète Catulle remarquable. Le Jeudy au sortir 
presque de Desansano vous trouvez un bourg nommé 

Pesquaire Rutella et a 7 mille la fortresse de Pesquaire. De la vous 

avez dix mille iusques a la pleine ou le grand Marius qui 
avoit este 7 fois consul a Rome defeit l'armée des 
Cimbres ou il en demeura six vingt mille sur la place 
comme les histoires font foy. 

Verona De la 5 mille iusques a Veronne. Cest une belle et grande 

ville fort anciene, ou se remarquent encores de belles 
choses des anciens Romains. Entre autres les Arènes ou 
Amphiteatre dont les pilliers par dehors sont de marbre, 
mais il est fort ruiné par dedans. La riviere d'Agde passe 
par le millieu de ceste ville sur laquelle il y a plusieurs 
ponts de pierre pour ioindre les deux parties de la ville. 
Il y a la dedans force belles maisons, entre autres le 
palais du Seigneur Comte Augustino Justo et la dedans 
une grande salle pleine de beaux tableaux. Les Jardins 
sont beaux et bien practiquez dans un roc; voyez encore 
les sepulchres des Scaligers qui ont este Princes de 
Verona. Plusieres belles Eglises, entre autres le Dome 
et celle des Peres Bénédictins ou il y a plusieurs choses 
dignes de remarque avec force marbre. Près de la ville 
une Eglise de Nostre Dame faite en rond dont l'Archi- 
tecture est assez iolye. Le Vendredy fait 30 mille par un 
pais ou il n'y a pas grande chose a remarquer pour 

Vizenza arriver a Vizenza. Ceste ville n'est pas forte comme les 

autres; neantmoins il y a bon nombre de belles maisons 
et d'hon[n]estes gens qui ont dresse un Academye ou ils 
s'assemblent pour plusieurs exercices vertueux. Remar- 
quez y bien le theatre fait depuis 25 ans par ce grand 
Architecte Palladius d' une aussy rare invention qu'- 
autre qui puisse estre. Le Samedy 30 arrivé a Padoua ou 

Padua l'on compte 18 mille par un beau pais et beau 

chemin le mesme iour. le vis la ville qui est a la vérité 



243 

des mieux situées; il y a aussy de belles maisons mais 
la disposition ne m'en semble pas si aggreable qu'on en 
trouve le seiour assez plaisant pour la liberté qui est la 
plus qu'en toute l'Italye. Il y a une des grandes salles 
qui se puisse veoir sans pilliers. L'image de Tite Live 
et ses cendres sont sur l'une des portes; aussy estoit il 
Padouan. La près est le palais du Podestat. Les escoles 
publicques n'en sont pas loing ou il y a plusieurs 
armoiries des Anglois qui ont eu charge en ceste uni- 
versité. L'Eglise de St. Anthoine est bien belle et fort 
enrichye de marbre, entre autres le grand Autel et la 
chapelle du St. qui est bien grande et toute entournee 
d'histoires bien taillées en marbre. Le sepulchre de 
Bembe est aussy la et plusieurs autres belles choses; 
mesme le pavé de l'Eglise est tout de marbre de diverses 
couleurs. Mais l'Eglise de Ste. Justine passe pour son 
architecture toutes celles que i'ay veues. C'est un 
monastère des pères Bénédictins. Ce bastiment est 
compose de plusieurs domes qui iettent la clairté la 
dedans avec un si bel ordre qu'il n'y a rien ny de mieux 
faict, ny de mieux entendue. Aussy m'a on asseuré 
que c'est de l'invention de Palladius. Elle est pavée de 
marbre et les moines peu a peu la font enrichir. La 
dedans on monstre une pierre sur laquelle on posoit 
un billot pour décapiter les Crestiens; un sépulcre faict 
en rond dans lequel ils disent qu'il y a plusieurs os des 
petits in[n]ocens persécutés par Herodes. 

Novembre 1610 
Le Lundy premier de ce mois ie party de Padoua et pris 
le coche pour faire 20 mille qu'il y a iusques a Lusifisine 
costoyant tousiours la riviere de Brente qui tombe dans 
le Golfe de Venize, sur laquelle durant nostre chemin de 
coste et d'autre vous avez presque tousiours de belles 
maisons. A Lusifisine ie pris des Gondoles (autrement 
Venise petites barqueroles) pour arriver a Venize ce mesme 

iour, et y compte on 5 mille. Ce n'est pas mon desseine 
de dire quelque chose de l'admirable situation de ceste 
vrille, de la beauté des Eglises, de leurs richesses, de la 
structure de tant de beaux bastimens publics et privez; 
ce seroit une grande faute d'en dire trop peu et y en a des 
livres tous entiers. 

Nombre des Mill, jusques a Venise, 240. 
Je receu beaucoup d'honneur en ceste ville tant du 
Serenissime Duc que de tous les seigneurs de la repub- 
lique, l'y demeuray iusques au 29 de ce moys que ne me 
trouvant pas deia trop bien ie me retiray de ce gros aire 
pour revenir a Padoa, et y a comme dit est 25 mile. J'y 
arrive ce mesme iour mais ie fus contraint d'y demeurer 
plus que ie ne pensois a cause d'une très dangereuse 



244 



maladye durant laquelle les médecins désespérèrent de 
ma santé plusieurs iours; comme le mal fut long, encores 
me faillut il du temps pour recouvrer de nouvelles forces, 
De Padoa en si bien que ie ne sorty de Padoa que le 14 de Feburier 
Angleterre; 1611, et fais ce iour 18 mille pour passer a Citadelle, qui 
Feb. 1611. est une petite ville fermée, et de la 6 mille a Bassan, 

Bassan autre villette ou ie couchay. Le Mardy 15 au sortir de la 

nous entrâmes entre les montagnes, et a 15 mille vous 
avez une fortresse dans un rocher ou l'on ne peut monter 
que par une corde; elle se nomme Castello Covelo et 
depend du conte de Tirol. A deux mille est une assez 
bonne bourgade nommée Premola qui est aux Venetiens 
et est la fin de leur Seigneurye de ce coste. A 13 mille 
est Bourgo ou ie couchay. Le Mercredy tousiours entre 
Trente les montagnes passé a Trente a 18 mille; cest une iolye 

petite ville; un beau pallais de l'Evesque nommé le 
Cardinal Madrusio qui est Seigneur du temporel et 
spirituel et prince de l'empire. Jusques icy nous avons 
conte par mille a la façon d'Italie et doresnavant ce sera 
par lieues qui sont fort grandes en Allemagne, les moin- 
dres estans d'environ 5 mille d'Italie. Ce mesme iour ie 
passe outre pour venir coucher a l'Aviso, assez bon bourg 
ou l'on compte une lieue de Trente. Jeudy ie feis 6 
lieues pour venir coucher a Boltzan, assez bonne ville, 
tousiours la riviere de l'Adice a la gauche et rencon- 
trasmes de fort bon bourgs. Le Vendredy 18 fait 7 
lieues pour venir coucher a Brixen, ville Episcopale et 
fort iolye sur le mesme fleuve d'Adice. En venant passé 
par l'Ecluse, villette, et de bons bourgs; et encores que 
nous ayons esté tousiours entre les montagnes depuis 
Bassan, si est ce que le passage est bien plus commode 
qu'en Savoye et moins reserre. Le Samedy 19 le chemin 
fut plus estroit que de coustume. Passé une montagne 
fort aisée après estre sorty de Stersinguen, ioylye vil- 
lette, et couché a Luoeghe, qui n'est qu'une bonne 
hostelerye et fort peu d'autre maisons, et fait ce iour 7 
lieues. Le Dimenche a une lieue de nostre logis trouvé 
Stanac, bonne bourgade, et a 3 lieues Insprouch. Comme 
le iour precedent passé une fort haute montagne mais 
comme inperceptiblement s'il faut dire ainsi, tant elle 
tire de loing et s'eleve peu a peu, et la falut descendre 
Insprouche iusques presque dans Insprouch. L'Archiduc Maxi- 
milien y tient sa Court ordinairement. Ceste ville est 
ioylye sur la riviere de Ins dont elle prend le nom. Voyez 
y une Eglise de moines et dans ycelle deux tombeaux de 
marbre, mais au millieu de l'Eglise 28 statues de Bronze 
fort bien faites a l'anciene representans de grands 
Princes comme Clovis, premier roy chrestien de France, 
Godefroy de Buillon, roy de Jerusalem, Louis onziesme 
roy de France et autres, de la maison d'Austriche tant 



Boltzan 



Brixen 



245 



Empereurs qu'autres. Le Lundy 21 iusques a la 
montagne il y a 2 bonnes lieues; elle est fort haute mais 
si aisée que les chariots y passent commodément et de la 
4 lieues a Midwault, tousiours entre les montagnes. Ce 
fut ou nous couchasmes. Le Mardy matin monté une 
autre montagne aisée comme les autres, et tout ce iour 
fait 9 lieues pour venir choucher a Scongault, ville fort 
bien assise aux frontières de Testât du Duc de Bavière. 

Ausborge Le Mercredy 23 fait 10 lieues pour venir a Ausbourg, la 

plus part chemin fort aisé, comme a la moitié est 
Landsbourg, qui est au Duc de Bavière. Ausbourg est 
une ville Impériale, cest a dire qu'elle ne recognoist 
aucun prince que l'Empereur et retient neantmoins 
quelque forme de repub: elle est revestue de beaux 
boulevarts, gardée par les habitants qui ont toutefois 
quelques soldats tousiours prests pour se prévaloir selon 
l'occasion et logez fort a propos. Les Eglises des Papistes 
y sont bien parées encore qu'ils soyent en moindre 
nombre de beaucoup que les Luthériens. Le Vendredy 
25 fait 6 lieues pour venir a Dunawert et passé le Danube 
tout contre sur un pont de bois. Ceste riviere si notable 
a sa source aux Grisons et tombe dans la mer environ 
Constantinople; elle est des plus rapides et a de belles 

Dunewart villes durant son cours. Quant a la ville de Dunawert 

elle est impériale, mais il y a quelque temps que les 
chatholiques ayans fait quelques plaintes a l'Empereur 
des deportemens des Luthériens en leur endroit, elle fut 
mise au ban par l'Empereur et abandon[n]ée au Duc de 
Bavière qui sen est saisy. A une lieu de la est l'Abaye de 
Cashaim, bonne et grande, et a une autre lieue est Mon- 
hain, petite meschante ville ou ie couche. Le Samedy 26 
fait 3 lieues pour passer a Wisenbourg, petite ville et 
neantmoins impériale; a 3 lieues de la est Rotde, petite 
ville de Testât du Margrave d'Ansbac, qui est de la mai- 
son de Brandebourg. Le Dimenche 27 fait 4 lieues pour 

Neuremberg venir a Neuremberg, quasi tousiours entre des forests de 
sapins; outre que ceste ville est Impériale et des plus bel- 
les, elle est grande, bien peuplée et marchande. Il y a 
plusieurs ponts sur une petite riviere qu'on nomme Pei- 
gnere qui tombe dans le Mein. Il ny a autre exercise que 
de la religion Luteriene. Voyez l'Arsenal, un de beaux 

Mars d'Allemagne. Le Mardy, premier de mars, couché a Nid- 

stat ou il y a 5 lieues par un pais couvert de forests de 
sapins, pais du Margrave d'Ansbac. Le Mercredy passé a 
Hirsingeven sur le Mein qui est au Marquis de Brande- 
bourg. Passe la riviere sur un beau pont de piere. Il y a 

Wirsbourg 5 lieues de nostre couchée et 3 a Wirsbourg ou ie passe 

la nuict. Ceste ville est aussi sur le Mein; a un beau pont 
et un beau chasteau, TEvesque estant Seigneur du 
temporel et du spirituel et Prince de l'Empire. Tout ce 



246 



iour passé par un tresbeau pais; voyez le Colledge de 
Jésuites et un monastaire fondé en faveur des Escosois. 
Le Jeudy fait 7 lieues pour aller a Miltenbourg, ayant 
passé le Mein sur le pont a Virsbourg et 2 fois en basteau. 
Cest place est a l'Archevesque de Mayence. Le Vendredy 
4 passé le Mein en bateau au sortir de la ville et une 
autre fois sur un pont a Ashenbourg, iolye ville. Ce lieu 
est aussy a l'Ar: de Ma}': qui y a fait de nouveau bastir 

Francfort ce pont, et ce iour fait 9 lieues pour venir a Francfort 

ou ie passay le Samedy suivant. Ceste ville est impériale 
et fort grande, mais elle n'est pas si belle que Ausbourg 
ou Neuremberg, et est peu de cbose si non durant les 
foires. Le Dimenche 6 pris le bateau pour descendre 
iusques a Mayance par la riviere du Mein, et l'on y 
compte 4 lieues. Ceste ville est grande mais assez mal 
bastie si non force Eglises. Tout au droit la riviere de 
Mein entre dans le Rhin. Poursuivy sur iceluy nostre 
voyage iusques a Bacherac ou l'on compte 6 lieues. Le 
lendemain ie vins coucher a Lings ou l'on compte 13 
lieues ayant trouvé en chemin Coblentz, belle petite 
ville qui est a 1' Ar.de Trevers; la au droit la Moselle qui 
passe près de Metz tombe dans le Rhin. Le Mardy 
descendu iusques a Cologne, et fait 7 lieues, trouvans ces 
trois iours le Rhin bondé de grand nombre de villettes 

Cologne bonnes, bourgades et de bons chasteaux. Cologne est 

aussy une ville impériale, mais dans laquelle il n'y a 
exercise que de la religion Romaine. Outre trois ou 4 
grandes places, il n'y a pas grande chose a voir que les 
Eglises pleines comme ils disent d'une infinité de reli- 
ques, entre autres un grand temple fort beau, bien qu'il 
ne soit pas encore achevé, ou est le sepulchre des 3 rois 
comme croyent les plus faciles. Au desoubs et dessus de 
Cologne leurs excellences de Brandebourg et Neubourg 
tienent des vaisseaux de guerre pour se maintenir en 
quelques droits de Gabelle a cause de leurs Duchés de 
Cleves et Julliers. Le Mercredy 9 change de bateau pour 

Dusseldorp continuer a descendre sur le Rhin et couché a Dusseldorp 
ou l'on compte 7 lieues. La ie vis le frère de l'Electeur 
de Brandebourg qui me receut bien. Un peu au dessus 
de ceste ville est celle de Nuis qui est a l'Evesque de 
Cologne, ancienement tenue pour fort. Le Jeudy ren- 
contré une place qu'on nomme la tour de Cesar, ou 
l'Electeur de Co: tient 8 cens hommes de guerre. 

Wesel Couché ce iour a Wesel, ville qui est du duché de 

Guelders, mais qui se maintient presque de la façon des 
villes impériales. Elle est bien fortifiée, pleine de manu- 
factures et assez grande. Au dessus environ une lieue 

Rhinberg est Rhinberg tenue par l'Archiduc des deux costez de la 

riviere. Vous y avez des forts pour contraindre les 
passans a payer les imposts. Plus bas est Schins Kons, 



247 



belle fortresse tenue par les estats, batye sur la com- 
modité d'une separation qui couppe le Rhin en deux, et 
ne peut on entrer la dedans que par un pont de bateaux. 
De Dusseldorp dongues [donc] a Wesel il y a 6 lieues. Le 
Vendredy nous ne peumes que venir tout contre Hus, le 
temps ayant esté contraire, et faillut passer la nuict 
assez mal en une pauvre maison; fait environ de 6 lieues 
et demye. Et le lendemain demye lieue iusqueu a 

Arnham Arnham, principale de Gueldres et assez bonne ville. La 

laissé le bateau et pris de meschants chariots a la façon 
du pais, et fait ce mesme iour 7 lieues pour venir a 

Vtrecht Vtrecht environ 7 heures du soir ou i'eu la faveur qu'on 

m'ouvrit les portes. Ceste ville est fort grande et capi- 
tale d'une province, mais fort mutine et qui n'obeyt pas 
volontiers aux Holandois qui la tienent en devoir par 
une forte garnison. J'en partys le Mardy le 15 par 

Amsterdam bateaux pour aller coucher a Amsterdam, ou l'on compte 
5 lieues. Ceste ville est des plus marchandes en l'Europe ; 
y a grand nombre de navires, un grand abord de toutes 
sortes de nations et de religions, excepté qu'il n'y a 
point d'exercise de la Romaine. Voyez la maison des 
compagnies des merchands qui trafiquent aux Indes, 
pleines de toutes sortes d'espiceres et autres, comme la 
situation de la ville resemble une autre Venise. 
Le Mercredy fait encores par bateaux 3 mille et couché a 

Harlem Harlem, autre belle ville de mesme situation presque, 

anciene ville ou les Contes d'Holande faisoient leur 
residence. Le Jeudy 17 pris des chariots du pais pour 

Leyden venir disner a Leyden, ou l'on compte 5 lieues. Cest 

aussy une belle ville et bien bastye, accommodée de bon 
nombre de canaux; la seule université des pais de mes- 
sieurs d'Estats. L'apres disnee de ce mesme iour fait 3 
lieues pour venir coucher a la Haye qu'on peut appeller 
le lieu de la court de ces pais la. On ne la peut pas dire 
une ville si on a esgard qu'il n'y a point de closture de 
murailles, mais il y [a] grand nombre de belles maisons. 
La resident les députés des estats généraux, les Ambas: 
des Roys et Princes. Le Vendredy i'eu ce bien de voir 
Le Conte Maurice qui feit demonstration d'avoir pour 
aggreable l'offre de mon service. 

Delft Le Samedy 19 ie passé a Delft ou l'on compte une lieue; 

cest aussy une belle et grande ville. De la i' allay disner 

Roterdam a Roterdam, ou l'on compte 2 lieues; ville aussy belle 

que les autres et fort marchande. De la estoit ce grand 
personage Erasme du quel on voit la statue élevée en la 
grande place. La ie trouvay après disner un navire de 
sons excellence dans lequel ie feis 3 lieues pour coucher 

Dort a Dort. Cest la plus anciene ville d'Holande et des 

mieux bastyes, accommodée de deux bons havres et de 
beaux canaux. Le Dimenche ie feis 12 lieues par un 



248 



Midelbourg 
Flussingue 



Anvers 



Malingnes 



Bruxelles 



Gant 



Bruges 



Ostende 

Nieuport 
Dunquerque 



vent presque contraire, et couchée en un meschant 
village nommé St. Anneland. Le Lundy, le vent con- 
tinuant tousiours contraire, nous gaignasmes une petite 
ville nommée Trevere ou l'on compte 5 lieues. La nous 
descendismes pour faire une lieue a pied pour venir 
a Midelbourg, la principale ville de Zelande, belle, grande 
et bien peuplée. 

Le Mardy ie m'en allay a Flussingue a une autre lieue, 
ville de guerre tenue par une garnison d'Anglois. Elle 
est forte du costé de la terre et encores plus par la mer. 
l'en partis le Mercredy et m'embarquay pour tirer droit 
a Anvers ou ie ne peu arriver que le Jeudy environ 9 
heures de matin. L'on y compte 18 lieues. Passé 
auparavant par le fort de Lillo tenu par les Estats, frain 
bien rude a ceux d'Anvers. On tient ceste ville la pour 
une des plus belles, mais on peut dire que Anvers n'est 
plus Anvers pour le peu de trafic qui sy fait. Sans la 
division cest le lieu des plus commodes tant pour la 
riviere de Scelde, qui porte de grands navires tout 
contre, que pour plusieurs autres considerations. Voyez 
y principalement la ceincture de la ville qui est des plus 
belles; la Citadelle pareille ou environ a la citadelle de 
Turin. Le Vendredy 25 disné a Malingnes a 4 lieues; 
cest une grande ville plus remplye de prestres que 
d'autres gens. Cest aussy le lieu ou reside le parlement 
de Brabant. Ce mesme iour couche a Bruxelles a 4 autres 
lieues; cest ou les Archiduques tiennent leur court. La 
ville est grande et assez bien bastye. Le Dimenche 
suivant i'eu l'honneur de baiser les mains a leurs 
Altesses qui me tesmoignenent de l'avoir pour agréable. 
Le Lundy veu le parc et autres singularités. Le Mardy 
29 venu a Gant ou l'on compte 10 lieues; cest une 
grande villasse. Comme elle a este puissante elle est 
demye déserte, tenue en bride par un bon chasteau avec 
une garnison Espagnole. Le Mercredy 30 venu a Bruges, 
ou il y a 8 lieues. Ville bien grande aussy avec force 
marques de sa richess ancienne. Dans l'Eglise vous avez 
le tombeau de Charles le Hard} r et Duc de Bourgogne et 
autres Princes. Le Jeudy 31 fait 5 lieues pour passer a 
Ostende, a present en pauvre estât; les fortifications 
sont un peu relevées et y a assez bonne garnison. Nieu- 
port en est a 3 lieues, tenue aussy par une autre garnison 
Espagnole. Dunquerque en est 4 lieues ou ie couchay ce 
mesme iour: la garnison y est forte et le port assez 
commode. 



Avril 
Grevelinge Le premier iour de ce moys ie passay a Grevelinnes, tenue 

aussy par une garnison de ceux du pais. Cest la dernière 
place de Testât de leurs Altesses de ce costé, fort bien 



249 

fortifyée et est a 4 lieues de Dunquerque. Au sortyr de 
la presque tout contre vous entrez en la terre d'Oye pour 
Callais venir a Callais ou ie viens disner ce iour, ou l'on compte 

4 lieues. 
In Viscount Cranborne' s hand 46 J pp. (317 1) 

Revocation of Impositions 
1610, September 5. — Commission to the Lord Treasurer for the revo- 
cation of impositions on divers goods and merchandise. Westminster, 5 
September, 1610. 
Portion of seal 2 ms. (220 6) 

J. Norden to the Lord Treasurer 
1610, September 6. — Reports upon certain woods at Sir Henry 
Nevell's offered for sale to his Majesty. He met my Lord of Mongomery 
at Beauly, at my Lord of Southampton's, as he was passing into the Isle 
of Wight: who asked what he did at the Devises. He told Mongomery 
that there were some particulars to be considered before the particular 
of the castle and site were engrossed; whereupon he seemed willing to 
respite the same. At his return out of the Wight he proposes to go to 
Cranborne, for the service the Lord Treasurer commanded him. Broken- 
hurste, 6 September, 1610. 
Holograph I p. (132 137) 

Lord Knollys to the Earl of Salisbury 
1610, September 7. — Understands by Rawlyns, second clerk of the 
kitchen to the Prince's Highness, that by reason of Salisbury 's excepting 
against his diet (being a mess of five dishes) as equal with the King's 
younger clerks of like place, the Prince's officers purpose to take away 
one dish. The said diet was given by the King's special grant under his 
Majesty's hand and since confirmed b}^ his Majesty's warrant. Prays 
Salisbury to view these grants and give allowance thereof. Rawlyns 
served the writer a long time and was preferred by him. Graves, 7 
September, 1610. 
Signed Seal I p. (128 150) 

Extraction of Silver 
1610, September 8. — The Sieur de Villeforest, in execution of his offer 
to the Prince of Wales, will make proof of his secret for the extraction of 
silver from lead ore (mines de plomb), in such sort that from each 100 lb 
of ore he will obtain in silver and lead 16s profit above the ordinary price. 
He will make the proof in the presence of Sir Thomas Chalender and 
[blank] as deputies for his Highness; giving full explanations so as to 
enable them to perform the process themselves. In consideration there- 
of, the Earl of Salisbury promises Villeforest, in the Prince's name and 
his own, to pay him 60,000! for the secret on certain conditions detailed. 
Richemont, 8 September, 1610. 

Draft, unsigned French Endorsed by Salisbury: 'The contract to be 
signed by me in the behalf of the Prince of Wales for three score thousand 
pounds.' 21 pp. (196 16) 

cm— s 



250 

Hewitt Staper to the Earl of Salisbury 
1610, September 8. — Details his project for suppressing piracy. Sayer 
of Argier, to purchase his pardon and in hope of reward, may be easily 
induced to execute a likely attempt for the hurt of the pirates, if Salis- 
bury will write to him resting securely in the port of Argier, that he may 
when occasion serves set fire to their ships as they lie in the road, where 
there are often 8 or 10 at the least, for they of Tunis now resort there. 
Their great forces being thus cut off at one instant, the remnant will soon 
be subdued by him, he having a ship of 400 tons. Either part or the most 
being thus ruined, the attempt of Dansker and his massacre made and 
now this treachery, will be such a precedent that infidels will cease to 
entertain our nation in shipping, who have been the foundation of the 
mischief committed. London, 8 September, 1610. 
Holograph I p. (196 18) 

Sir Thomas Overbury to the Earl of Salisbury 
[? 1610] September 11. — As your Lordship was a judge of my inno- 
cence before, so would I now crave that you would vouchsafe to be a 
witness of the submission of myself and cause to the Queen's mercy. I 
understand her Majesty is not fully satisfied of the integrity of my intent 
that way, and to that purpose, if your Lordship will grant me access and 
audience, I shall hold it as a great favour. London, the 11th of 
September. 
Holograph Seal \p. (128 142(1)) 

King James 1 to the Earl of Salisbury 
1610, September 25. — Warrant in behalf of Clement Edmondes, esq, 
one of the clerks of the Privy Council to whom the King has granted the 
goods and two parts of the lands of Sir Edward Maunsfeld of co. Bucks, 
knight, Augustine Belson of co. Oxford, gent, Charles Towneley of co. 
Lincoln, gent, and George Smyth of co. York, [Dorothy Brookesby of co. 
Lincoln, widow, erased], alleged to be recusants, upon their conviction. 
'Given under our Signet at our Honour of Hampton Court, the five and 
twentieth day of September in the eighth year of our reign.' etc. 
Signed Seal \\pp. (128 152) 

John Boden to the Earl of Salisbury 
1610, September 28. — Your Lordship's two letters, one of the last of 
August, the other of the 20th inst., came to my hands at Cranborne but 
the 24th inst. I took order with as much speed as I could for the present 
fetching home of timber, being 30 tons, which was wanting over and 
besides the hundred pounds worth bought by your Lordship and allowed 
in the bargain. Your first letter sent by Mr Maden, I never had from 
him till now, and saw him not, only I understand by Mr Hooper that he 
wished some other places to be planted, which shall be. Yet I think the 
setting of the trees already planted, which grow on each side of the way 
coming into the park towards the house, to stand more conveniently 
than they would being removed. Nothing can be done as yet concerning 
shades and green shaws about the house, because of the works at each 



251 

end of the house, carriages being daily brought. As soon as the out- 
works are done, which I hope will be of both ends before I shall come to 
London — I mean within these three weeks — there shall be all done which 
shall be fitting, both about the house in the gardens and in the grounds 
taken into the park, which grounds were not sown since Michaelmas last 
but the summer before and are become green already. The buildings in 
the east end of the house are almost covered. All timber work is up. The 
works at the west end are all up in height of walling, only the roof of the 
dining chamber, withdrawing chamber and lobby to do. All masons' 
work will be ended shortly there and in the four chambers where you 
appointed chimnies to be carried up. They now promise that all plaster- 
ing work and all else of their bargain shall be fully ended before 
Christmas. I have been as importunate as I might for a more speedy 
course by the use of more workmen but could not prevail, the surveyor 
so much slowing the beginning and the following. He has been seldom 
there, only put it out to other men and has done nothing himself. All the 
haste that may be is now promised. If they had not been stirred by your 
Lordship's letters, the works would not have been done by much so soon 
as now they will. The oaks which were set last year by Mr Hooper, being 
near a thousand in divers places of the park, are all dead, so that now 
being plenty of acorns, which then were not, it should be fully planted 
and as much done as may be with all speed convenient; having not 
forgotten the smoking of chimnies and hearths, which you wrote of. The 
ranges of the chace are now to be done, and the ways cleansed at the 
falling of coppices, and is so concluded by all owners of woods at Cran- 
borne lawday the last Monday. Before, it could not be done, for Sir 
Thomas Gorges who had the letter to that purpose died after the falling 
season of wood, not having done anything. The deer increase and I 
think some hundred bucks in it, as I find by presentment of keepers in 
the wood court likewise held by Mr Swayne and myself last Tuesday, 
where might well be four or five hundred, if the same might carefully be 
looked into. Shaston, 28 Tbris, 1610. 
Holograph Seal 2 pp. (128 153) 

The Earl of Salisbury to Miles Whyteakers, 
Keeper of Theoballs House 

1610, September 30. — Has chosen Richard Lasonbye, bowbearer to 
his Majesty, to take some oversight of the game in Theoballs Park, in 
order to overlook the keepers and report any negligence on their part. 
The keepers are to be informed of the authority given to Mr Lasonbye, 
and to conform to his direction. He is to have the use of some of the 
rooms in the lodge, but not to bring any of his family to lodge there. 
Warrant is given for the payment of any small sums of money thought 
necessary by Lasonbye and Whyteakers for the safety of the deer, where- 
of some survey should be taken. From Hampton Court, 30 September, 
1610. 

PS. — -Injunctions as to the gathering of the King's rents and the 
repair of the pales. 'Suffer none of that old jade's hogs to come into any 
of the grounds unsticked, if no warnings will serve.' 
Signed \\pp. (128 154) 



252 

The Earl of Exeter to [the Earl of Salisbury] 

[1610, September] — The news you send me of the winning of the town 
of Julyers, besides the honour it brings to the public, no private man 
could receive more comfort than myself, who cannot but be sensible of 
the honour done to my own blood; especially when I receive the report 
from his hands which will shadow no part of my son's desert. Continue 
your favour towards him as you shall find his worth. I am glad to hear 
that our courtiers have done themselves so much honour as to put them- 
selves into this honourable action, and more particularly of the valour 
that that noble man you write of showed in this journey, which gives 
hope he will in time show the honour of the house he is descended of. 
Undated 
Holograph Endorsed: 'Sept. 1610.' \p. (196 10) 

Accounts 

[1610, September] — Bill presented by Henry Oxford and Nicholas 
Lanier. 

Ffor Henry Oxford his horshier thether and bake againe 
thrise XII s 

For Nicholas Lanier his horshier. VI s 

Ffor 4 times carying the instruments thether and bake 
againe. XII s 

When the Prince was heer for feching and carying the 
instruments that daye. III s 

Sum is 33 s 

Received by us: (Signed) Nicholas Lanier 

Henry Oxford. 
Endorsed: 'Lanere and Oxfords bill for horse heire and caredg of instru- 
ments, the 22 of Sept. 1610.'* lp. (Bills 46/9d) 

Currants 

1610, September. — The medium of the currants for 5 years at the rate 
of 4s lOdper cwt: 

LSD 

From Michaelmas 1605 to Mich. 1606 5417 8 8 

From Mich. 1606 to Mich. 1607 8775 3 2 

From Mich. 1607 to Mich. 1608 6932 4 2 
From Mich. 1608 to Mich. 1609, the medium of the 

second and third years 7853 13 8 

From Mich. 1609 to Mich. 1610 8862 15 10 

Sum 37841 5 6 

which being cast into a medium is 7568 5 1 
out of which : deduct the King's rent £2800 :0 :0 

and my Lord's rent £3000:0:0 5800 

there will rest 1768 5 1 

The yearly charges in managing the business 500 

The remain is 1268 5 1 
Endorsed by Salisbury : 'Currants.' \<p. (129 8) 

♦It had been originally intended that Lanier should accompany Lord Cranborne to Italy, but this date 
establishes that he did not go. See supra pp. 212, 21 5. 



263 

The Earl of Dunfermline to the Earl of Salisbury 
1610, October 5. — I return herewith your speech in Parliament, which 
I have read to my great contentment. I had heard very 'meikill' of it, 
but I find it surpasses all I heard or could 'consaitt' of it. It is most 
sensible and pithy. I wish 'at' God the effects may ensue, as I hope they 
shall, answerable to your affection. 5 October, 1610. 
Holograph I p. (196 20) 

Sir Thomas Chaloner to the Earl of Salisbury 
1610, October 6. — Upon receipt of his former letter sent to inquire for 
Ratcliff, who has removed from Furnival's Inn to Staple Inn. Under- 
stood there that a servant of his was in London at an inn near Charing 
Cross. Addressed letters by a messenger who was going to him on the 
following morning into Oxfordshire, but has as yet received no answer. 
Knows not if he be gone into Yorkshire near Skipton in Creven, where he 
has heard that his father was heretofore resident. Richmond, 6 October. 
Holograph Endorsed: '6 October 1610.' I p. (128 155) 

Sir Arthur Gorges to the Earl of Salisbury 
1610, October 7. — Asking his good word that he may attain some place 
of credit about the Prince, and find some better condition than as one of 
the outcasts of Queen Elizabeth's ancient and faithful servants. 7 
Octob., Kewe. 
Holograph Endorsed: '7 October 1610.' \p. (128 156) 

King James 1 to the Earl of Salisbury 
1610, October 10. — Warrant in behalf of John Levingston, esq, one 
of the Grooms of the Bedchamber, to whom the King has granted the 
goods and two parts of the lands of John Tregonnell, of Warfeeld, co. 
Berks, esq, alleged to be a recusant, upon his conviction. 'Given under 
our Signet at our Palace of Westminster, the tenth day of October in the 
eighth year of our reign.' etc. 
Signed Seal \\pp. (128 157) 

Customs and Receipts 
1610, October 10. — Receipt of the customers for the subsidy due upon 
certain calf-skins and Yorkshire kerseys laden aboard the Eagle of 
Ribble, bound for Rochelle. Poulton, 10 October, 1610. 
Ira. (206 57) 

The Bishop of Norwich to the Lord High Treasurer 
1610, October 11. — -I send your patent fee for High Steward of my 
bishopric. I hoped to have brought it, but being visited with sickness (I 
fear deadly), pray your acceptation of it tendered by my old friend Mr 
Scriven. This 11th of October 1610. 
Signed Seal \p. (128 158) 



254 

The Earl of Bath to the Earl of Salisbury 
1610, October 13. — Salisbury already has his proxy in Parliament. 

Begs him to obtain the King's leave for him to be absent this session. 

The journey is long, the time of year unseasonable for travel, and he 

hopes his service in the country will be as acceptable to the King as it 

would be there. Tawstock, 13 October, 1610. 

PS. — Since the writing hereof he understands the sickness is in the 

next house to his in Holborne, and the doors shut up, and other place 

than that he has none to lie in if he should be enforced to come up. 

Signed I p. (196 21) 

The Earl of Montgomery to the Earl of Salisbury 
[1610] October 13. — I have showed the King your Lordship's letter 
and he is very glad of the news, and his Majesty has commanded me 
that I should not forget in any case to give you thanks for the good 
resemblance you made of my face between mother Repwel and me. We 
have no news here, but there is of late a very strange accident fallen 
out which I think you would never have thought of; and that is that my 
Lord of Lincoln is suddenly turned a prodigal; for first he invited my 
Lord Danvers to his house, and there he made him very good cheer and 
gave him six mares, and sent James Hay 5 horses, and sent a fat hind 
unto me. I know not what you may think of this sudden liberality of his ; 
but in truth it makes me doubt him very much. From Finchingbroke, 
this 13 of October. 
Holograph Two seals on white silk I p. (129 17) 

King James 1 to the Earl of Salisbury 
1610, October 14. — Warrant in behalf of James Wilford, gent, to 
whom the King has granted the goods and two parts of the lands of 
William Watson of London, gent, alleged to be a recusant, upon his 
conviction. 'Given under our Signet at our Palace of Westminster, the 
fourteenth day of October in the eighth year of our reign.' etc. 
Signed Seal I p. (128 159) 

Viscount Fenton to the Earl of Salisbury 
1610, October 17. — At Hollinbye this last progress there was a note 
delivered me by one of the Clerks of the Council. I enclose a copy that 
you may consider it. As 1 take it, this bearer is not unlike the first that 
is set down in the note; not that I can think but the man is an honest 
man, but he having the very marks, I could not be answerable if I had 
not acquainted his Majesty with the same, and you. He is a countryman 
of Wales named Fludde. He served the late Bishop of London Valhan, 
and after his death his wife Mrs Valhan; and at this time he serves 
Lady Sandoise. This morning he walked in the garden before his 
Majesty went hunting. I attended him myself to mark his carriage, and 
after acquainted his Majesty with the warrant I had. He thought it 
convenient I should send him to you, as he had no other thing but his 
pleasure touching the petition, which is enclosed and which he presented 
to his Majesty. For the man his Majesty remits that to your discretion. 
For the petition, j^ou shall deliver that to the Chancellor, and as soon as 



255 



Sir Thomas Laike shall come, or one of the Masters of the Requests, the 
Chancellor shall understand his mind more particularly. You see I had 
rather be a little troublesome to you than neglect a matter of this 
moment, and so little peril to the gentleman, he being an honest man. 

His Majesty has been a little loose since his coming to Royston, but 
not in the extremity, and he does not lose his meat, so I hope he is past 

the worst. ,...,, , 

This man's mark is, he has a black beard and a wart on his left cheek. 
Royston, Wednesday, 17 October, 1610. 

Holograph Endorsed: 'L. Viscount Fenton. Concerning the Lady 
Kenedye's business.' 2 pp. (196 22) 

Sib Roger Aston to the Earl of Salisbury 
1 1610 October 18]— I am directed by his Majesty to recommend to you 
a matter that concerns the Lord of Borle, anent the plantation in Ireland. 
As I conceive it, the part allotted to him is claimed by some others. In 
regard that this nobleman is one that his Majesty very well accounts of, 
and was the first of his nation that went thither in person, he has the 
rather recommended him to your consideration. Roystorne, the 18th. 
Holograph Endorsed: 'October 1610. Sir Roger Aston. Concerning the 
LordBurley.' I p. (196 24) 

Sir John Digby to [the Earl of Salisbury] 
1610, October 19.— I have delivered to his Majesty all the particulars 
you gave me in charge, and have sent you two pages of the book, which 
is as much as the King would be persuaded to part with : alleging that as 
much as could be discovered by the character, or anything in the prints 
may as well be done by these two pages as if the whole book were sent. 1 
pressed him as far as I held it fit for the book, telling him you would have 
it transcribed with all expedition, but was able to bring it to no other 
effect than what you see enclosed. Roiston, 19 October, 1610. 
Holograph Endorsed: 'Sir John Digby. To my Lord.' \p. (196 25) 

Sir Henry Mountagu to the Earl of Salisbury 
1610, October 22.— Attended the Lord C[hief] J[ustice] of England- 
Delivered him what I had m command. He desired me to acquaint my 
Lord Coke with all, to whom I went and delivered the same. He told me 
thev were not as yet fully prepared, but he would at night speak with 
my Lord C. J. of England. I told him I had been with him. My Lord 
Coke desired to know how many of your Lordships were together in 
Council. I told him and that you absolutely prefixed that day, for the 
King's occasions lent you no other time. So he told me they would be 
read°y to attend your Lordship. 22 October, 1610. 
Holograph Seal Endorsed: 'Mr Recorder to my Lord.' 1 p. (128 
160) 

['As you know' struck out and altered to] 1 Quem nosti' to 
'Amico et aliquid amplius, P.N.B.' 
[1610 c October 26]— I will keep my promise to you in effect, though I 
fail in the means. You shall with this letter receive news where to find 



256 

the money you wot of. If those to whom it is due find more than they 
expected, I desire it ma} r be employed in beneficium tarn mortuorum quam 
vivorum. For the dead, you conceive my meaning; for the living, know 
this much more than you knew before, that I would especially recom- 
mend to their aids a business now in hand which was first motioned 
between you and me in Hilary term last. I did ever think God had so 
appointed it, and now I am fully confirmed in that thought. Pray for us 
that if it shall sort with God's glory he will bless the proceedings as he 
has the beginnings; if not, that he will stop and prevent it now in the 
entrance. Your prayers I desire to him, your letters to your friends and 
mine, especially your brother in the country at your next opportunity. 
In general as well as particular I recommend myself to your devotions. 
And so not forgetting those to whom we are beholden, I rest. I have sent 
you two letters, the one unsealed as it came to my hands but not opened 
by me. I pray you see them sent at your conveniency. Undated 
Endorsed by Salisbury: 'A letter left under a bed, brought me by the 
Lord Viscount Byndon, the 26 of October 1610.' \p. (196 26) 



Examination of John Brett 
1610, October 27. — He is a Catholic. An Irish boy told him he had 
letters for him, but of what content or from whence he knows not. He 
remembers no letters which have no name nor superscription. He had 
written and subscribed with 'quern nosti' to his uncle Dr Gifford. The 
principal matter in it was concerning the oath, and to have the judgment 
of his uncle Avhether the oath were to be taken or not. He wrote the 
letter signed with 'quern nosti' beginning with 'Good Sir.' Confesses to a 
letter written to his younger brother. Being shown this letter 'quern 
nosti' which mentions no matter concerning the oath, he says he wrote 
two letters, and the letter shown is not to Dr Gifford but another to 
James Fitz James to whom he owed money. Further particulars as to 
this money. Asked what money was that which was to be employed in 
'beneficium tam mortuorum quam vivorum', as the letter speaks, he said 
it was money he should give to such priests as he thought good. The 
speeches that passed between FitsJames and him in Hilary term were 
about marriage with some kinswoman of his. Asked what good the 
priests should have done in that business, he says, prayer for the good 
success. Asked whether he be resolved to marry there or not, he says lie 
is not. 27 October, 1610. 
2 pp. (206 58) 



Sir Roger Aston to the Earl of Salisbury 
[1610] October 29. — This morning I received your letter, being ready 
to take our journey towards Tibbales. I acquainted his Majesty with it. 
After he had read it, he grew something impatient with those speeches 
that passed in the Lower House, saying he would give no answer to 
anything before he saw what they would do concerning the contract. 
For the book you wrote of, he is very well satisfied. He has taken a cold, 
and that alters his stomach. Yesternight he vomited both afore supper 



257 

and after. He is well and merry, and at this present ready to take his 

coach towards Tibbales. From Rostorne, this Monday morning, 29 

October. 

Holograph Endorsed: 1610.' I p. (196 27) 

Lord Hay to the Earl of Salisbury 
[1610, October] — Your interchange of lines with us that live near to 
his Majesty is like that of Glaucus and Diomedes; we get aureapro aeneo, 
but I hope the gladness of the news I am to write shall divert your atten- 
tion from censuring how they are written. The same day you sent to 
know of his Majesty's health he observed to be both the first of his full 
recovery and the first of his best sport; insomuch that upon the content- 
ment of both he challenges you of a promise which you made him of 
some claret grapes, which if you find expedient to send, it may be he will 
not lay to your charge the intention you had to translate the first French 
book, nor yet condemn your judgment for censuring the last to have 
more divinity and learning nor the first; for he knows that you have no 
other reason to say so but because you think that the Jesuits, who are 
the subject of the last book, have more divinity and learning than his 
Majesty who is the subject of the first. Undated 
Holograph Endorsed: 'October 1610.' 2pp. (196 28) 

Thomas Allen to the Earl of Salisbury 
[1610, October] — His Lordship's displeasure appals and grieves him. 
Had he known it was his pleasure to have surceased his suit, would never 
have set foot to have brought it to question. But was assured the law 
was clear against the defendant's conformity, and his suit was the means 
by his Majesty's grant to reward his long service and relieve his estate. 
Submits himself to his Honour's censure. Undated 
Holograph Endorsed: 'October 1610.' I p. (128 161) 

Patrick Cumyng to the Earl of Salisbury 
1610, October. — With a petition, which he prays Salisbury to favour. 
Endorsed: 'October 1610.' I p. (P.1911) 

Robert Hesketh to the Lord High Treasurer 
1610, November 2. — Being informed there was much carrying of 
leather out of Lancashire into foreign parts, which was the only cause of 
the great dearth of leather, had search made near the sea coast, and there 
was found by the constables of Hesketh in two houses four score dozen of 
calf-skins wanting four, and twenty cow-hides. Has taken a cocket from 
the owner of the bark by which it appears that the leather should have 
been transported into France. 2 November, 1610. 
Signed \p. (128 162) 

The Enclosure 
Examinations taken 21 October 1610 before Robert Hesketh, esq, one 
of the King's justices of the peace within the county of Lancaster. 

William Garstange of Browghton, gent, aged about 59; has been in 



258 

some speeches with RawfEe Lawe, Tho. Diconson and Tho. Waring, 
tanners, for certain calf-skins, but did not buy any; has heard that cer- 
tain calf-skins were come to Hesketh to the houses of Hugh Hodgis and 
John Cawdre, but knows not what numbers nor remembers that he 
requested either of them to in [sic] any calf-skins at either of their 
houses. His meaning was to have bought certain calf-skins to transport 
to Bristol, and if he could not have a good market there, he would have 
carried them to France. 

Rawffe Law of Charnocke, tanner, aged about 51; confesses that by 
agreement with Garstange made at Preston he brought 56 dozen calf- 
skins and 20 cow-hides to John Cawdre's house in Hesketh. 

Ric. Mathewe of the North Meales, sailor, aged about 30; confesses he 
met Garstange in Preston, who ordered him to make his bark ready for 
France, but what the loading should be knows not. 

John Cawdre of Hesketh, husbandman, aged about 50, confesses : that 
there did come to his house certain calf-skins and twenty cow-hides from 
Rawffe Lawe, and 8 dozen calf-skins from Tho. Waring, and that Edward 
Haworth, Garstang's servant, requested him if any leather came to his 
house to take it in. 

Hugh Hodgis of Hesketh, cloth dyer, aged about 36, confesses; that 
Saturday sevennight Garstang met him at the market in Preston, and 
requested him to take into his house any leather that might come there. 
Since then 15 dozen calf-skins from Tho. Diconson have come to his 
house. Garstange told him that he had bought 20 dozen and had cocket 
for them . 
Signed: Rob. Hesketh. lp. (128 164) 

Lord Mountague to the Earl of Salisbury 
1610, November 2. — If any matter of displeasure be raised against me 
for my religion only, I beseech you to stand, my good Lord, in such 
degree as shall seem best to your wisdom. From Cowdry, 2 November, 
1610. 
Holograph Seal lp. (128 163) 

William Garstange to the Earl of Salisbury 
1610, November 5. — I am given to understand that an information is 
sent you from Mr Robert Hesketh against me and others touching some 
few tanned calf-skins and two dickers of cow-leather. My suit is that you 
would join some other justices of the peace with Mr Hesketh to hear this 
cause or else, which I most desire, that your Lordship would permit me 
to attend you in Hilary term next. I am the same man that was sent for 
by a messenger and came before you at Oatlandes in July, 1593, touching 
a forged letter written in my name and delivered to your father, slander- 
ing Mr Serjeant Bradshaw. At my departure your Honour said that if 
I had occasion you would do me good, and gave me leave to put you in 
mind thereof. If you permit me to attend you in Hilary term next and 
to signify the same unto Mr Henry Soothworth, feodary of this county 
of Lancaster, it shall be great gladness for me to wait your leisure and 
pleasure. Broughton, 5 November, 1610. 
Holograph \p. (128 165) 



259 

Forest of Whittlewood 
1610, November 7. — Requests of the lessees of the Forest of Whittle- 
wood. Note at foot signed by the Earl of Salisbury and Sir Julius 
Caesar, referring the matter to Mr Baron Altham and Mr Baron Sother- 
ton. 7 November, 1610. 
Endorsed: 'Delivered by Sir Rob. Bret.' I p. (132 138) 

King James 1 to the Earl of Salisbury 
1610, November 12. — Warrant in behalf of Ellis Milles, gent, to whom 
the King has granted at the suit of John Grey and David Kenneday the 
goods and two parts of the lands of Anne Dancastell of Welhowse and 
Elizabeth Dancastell of Benfield. widows, in co. Berks, upon their being 
convicted of recusancy. 'Given under our Signet at our Palace of 
Westminster, the twelfth day of November in the eighth year of our 
reign.' etc. 
Signed Seal \\pp. (128 166) 

Hatfield 
1610, November 23. — Estimate of joiners' work at [? Hatfield] 
1pp. (143 118) 

King James 1 to the Earl of Salisbury 
1610, November 24. — Warrant in behalf of Roger Mowlesdale to whom 
the King has granted the goods and two parts of the lands of Anne 
Turbervile of Warfeild, widow, and Edmond Wollascott the younger, 
gent, of co. Berks, and Francis Strelley of co. Notts, gent, upon their 
being convicted of recusancy. 'Given under our Signet at our Palace of 
Westminster, the four and twentieth day of November in the eighth 
year of our reign.' etc. 
Signed Upp. (128 167) 

The Vice-President and others of Magdalen 
College, Oxford, to the Earl of Salisbury 
1610, November 26. — May both his private affairs and those most 
weighty ones for the State, which he performs most happily not only 
daily and hourly but every moment of the hours, pardon them a little 
while whilst they thank him for his incomparable humanity and 
clemency towards Magdalen College. He alone has procured for them 
not only the power to elect a man sought by all their votes, but has pre- 
served to them uncorrupted the right of election for long castigated and 
repressed of those surrounded by squalor and more powerful in letters. 
Especially has it been his goodness to propose to them for election a man 
of their own house, brought up from early boyhood in the best arts, and 
soon after leaving the lap of the College taken into the Earl's service, 
whereby he who was before most dear to them has now become far 
dearer. May God for long preserve him safe. 'E Collegio Divae Mariae 
Magdalenae, Oxon, Sexto Calend; Decemb. 1610.' 

Signed: Henricus Perier, Vice-preses; Franciscus Bradshow, Doctr. in 
Theol; Antoninus Morbred, Decanus in Theologia; Laur. Humfredus, 



260 

praefect in S. Theologiae; Edmundus Carpenter, Bacchal. in theologia; 
Johes Burrughes, sacrae Theologiae bacchal; Henricus Chittie, Rich- 
ardus Love; Thomas Loftus, Bacchal. in Theolog; Thomas Otes, 
Bacchal. in Theolog; James Mab, Decanus in artibus; Johannes Brick - 
enden, Graecae linguae professor; Robertus Barnes, Bacchal. in 
Theologia; Johannes Dunstar; Tobias Garbrand; Thomas Mason, 
prelect. Philosophie; Richard Caple; Wilielmus Sparke; Joahnnes 
Hunte; Johannes Fowkes; Johannes Drope; Samuel Smith; Nath- 
aniell G3 7 les. 

Latin Endorsed: 'Vice-President and others of Magdalen College in 
Oxford to my Lord, by Mr Dr Langton.' 1 p. (196 31 ) 

Schedule of Fees 
[? 1610, November] — 'Schedule of fees to the surveyor general of his 
Majesty's woods, such as are ordinary and have been used by Taverner 
and others.' Undated 
Signed: Robert Treswell. 2pp. (132 162) 

Embassy from Denmark 
1610, November. — A list of payments or gifts. Includes: 7 chains 100 1 
apiece; the captain of the ship, a chain 100 1 : 17 chains 50 1 apiece: the 
D. of Divinity: Jonas Carisius; Jonas Nasburt, D of phisik; Jonas 
Vennsinus; Christianus concionator; [struck out: Daniel surgion; Tho. 
Lauterbah, secretarius germanicus, a chain; Martin secretarius, a chain] : 
Naphnae Simonis, scriba questurae; Petrus Erasmus monstrator; 
Ivarus sartor; Mathias pincerna; Willmus Doch, de cubiculo regis. 
Willm Caron; Walterus interpret;* 10 musicians; trumpeters 15; the 
drumer; halberdiers; the guard; the musician that presented his man; 
the ship; the master of the horse to the Chanc. Amounts following each 
name. Undated 

Apparently in Salisbury's hand I p. (205 88) 
[See Cal.S.P.Dom., 1603-1610, pp. 638, 639, 647] 

to Lord Haddington 



[1610 ? November] — As it pleased God to make you in Scotland the 
instrument of our sovereign's preservation from the hands of a most 
wicked and treacherous traitor, so it may please Him to make you the 
means to keep and recover the hearts of all us, his subjects of this king- 
dom, and to show his Majesty the true way to maintain and preserve his 
prerogative, honour and dominion, which by the subtle practices of such 
as he now trusts and relies upon is brought into danger. These men study 
nothing but insatiable glory and power to themselves, having engrossed 
all great offices in their own hands. If any man complain to his Majesty 
he is referred to them and undone for neglecting them. As they study 
their own greatness and glory, they likewise study his Majesty's weakness 
and dislike of his subjects. All their carriages are openly seen and known 
to the whole country, only concealed from his Majesty. Our House was 
most willing to do their duties and uttermost service, so long as honest 

* Inserted here: Daniel surgion. 



261 

and religious, wise, dutiful subjects were suffered to speak. But now the 
House being composed of three sorts, that is to say, of honest, wise men, 
crafty knaves and ignorant fools, the wiser sort dare not say what they 
would for their sovereign, fearing so great a dangerous vindicative 
subject. The knaves are all his friends and followers, the fools are led by 
their witty and cunning speeches, not only spoken in the House amongst 
ourselves but proclaimed abroad in all public places. Their text is the 
King's prodigality and bounty to all } r ou his countrymen, when God 
knows that any one of diverse of our own nation have got more than you 
all. And yet you Scots get the name and blame of all, which all fools 
applaud, praising their zeal and care of the Commonwealth, when they 
and their apostle are the very caterpillars of the kingdom and subtle 
snakes in the bosom of their sovereign. Yet if it be lawful to deal falsely 
and politicly with a sovereign King, who has made them and suffered 
them to make themselves so great by his royal gifts and all his greatest 
offices placed in one little person, I must needs excuse them for this 
present action ; for if the Court of Wards should be taken away, three 
parts of their glory and power were decayed. What subject has land in 
England and not in his daily danger for all he is worth ? We are only in 
his Majesty's danger for criminal causes, which men of possessions seldom 
commit. By whom his Majesty was persuaded to demand five hundred 
thousand pounds more than our agreement at the last sessions, his High- 
ness does know. By whom the House was persuaded to refuse it, all the 
wiser sort know. The end is apparent to break off the agreement, and the 
Court of Wards so continues to make his Majesty yet weaker in selling 
the rest of his lands and, according to their grounded maxim, them- 
selves richer and more powerful and secure. His Majesty doubtless 
neither knows nor suspects any such villainy to proceed from his own 
creature, still blaming us who for his honour and maintainance will not 
spare to sell our lands and goods to furnish his necessary occasions. 

But we are so unwilling to part with the least part of our fortunes to 
fill the purses of such abusers both of King and country, that we will first 
part with our lives. I know there be such as inform his Majesty that if he 
should openly use his royal power and prerogative without their cunning 
policy, that then all we his subjects would rise in rebellion. God forbid 
we should once imagine such a thought, but if any rebellion ever should 
happen, their insolent actions will be the cause. The wiser sort know 
that his Majesty can hardly perceive by whom he is thus abused in 
regard that the great ones have all conjured to respect one the other, and 
so did solemnly swear at Queen Elizabeth's departure. Queen Elizabeth 
and her antecessors never suffered their statesmen to agree in one, but 
maintained factions amongst them, to the end that one great one fearing 
the other durst never offend in so high a presumption. Now only one 
does govern all with some secret grief to his fellows, although they dare 
not show it. If his Majesty should examine all his services, he shall find 
more bad than good, and the few good shall be found done out of some 
private respects to himself more than to his Majesty. He has done 
nothing nor can do nothing, but hundreds in this kingdom could and can 
do better. Then, my good Lord, I beseech you in the name of a great 
number of loyal subjects to let his Majesty know the truth of all things, 



262 

and to beseech him remember the carriage of our late Queen, and also 
the wisdom and execution of justice latety committed by his neighbour 
Princes, the Emperor and the Kings both of France and Spain, against 
their unjust and disloyal favoured officers; and likewise to take notice 
that the Lord Burghley at his death (but not before) left to her Majest}' 
the knowledge of the Court of Wards as a rich gift, saying that it was a 
place too great for any subject. If it please his Majesty to have any 
further information, send secretly for one James or one Hoskins or any 
other honest religious wise man of our House, and let his Majesty conjure 
them to tell their knowledge and they will say more. Undated 
Unsigned Endorsed in Salisbury's handwriting: A copy of the lybell 
written to my L. Hadington.' 4 pp. (128 78) 

Thomas Phelippes to the Earl of Salisbury 
1610, December 1. — He is embarked in the quarrel between Sir James 
Creyghton and Sir A. Ashley without cause, though he thinks does good 
service in pursuing the revenge of so foul a murder. 'We' have answered 
Ashley's infamous bill in the Star Chamber, which partly concerns 
Salisbury, for Ashley justifies himself therein, notwithstanding Salis- 
bury's honourable proceedings, as he did to the King. Smith, Ashley's 
accuser, has been ordered by the Star Chamber to answer, but this order 
'we' cannot proceed upon while Ashley, who reigns among the clerks 
there, keeps it in his hands; his drift being either to have Smith stand 
mute, and so become a confessor of the libel, or else have Smith recant 
his confession of the murder. 'We' are advised to petition the Council, 
and he begs Salisbury to further the petition, otherwise he has no hope 
against this wicked devil. Begs Salisbury to take notice of the evidence 
of the murder and Ashley's practice to smother it, and to support Lady 
Justice lest Lady Money put her down and 'we' be left a prey to that 
vulture. 1 December, 1610. 
Holograph I p. (196 30) 

Sir Thomas Lake to [the Earl of Salisbury] 
1610, December 3. — Concerning the matter of this gentleman, Mr 
William Ramsey, his Majesty likes well the answer sent by your Lord- 
ship, but thinks best you make the bargain with my Lord Compton as to 
his Majesty's use and make it as high as you can. After, his Highness 
will give the money to Mr Ramsey but doubts if it be left to a treat}' 
between them, my Lord will be too good for him. 

But the main cause of my writing is upon a commandment of his 
Majesty, who in many questions and curious interrogatories yesternight 
has taken hold of somewhat which I spake in satisfying of him, and then 
he passed over very well with laughing on it and no more, but now is 
much moved with it. It was in this manner, that enquiring of all the 
circumstances and causes of the late adjournment and why it was so 
early done and so few present (so as it seems he hears by other means of 
those things), for he said there was not twenty in the House; and I 
having answered that it was to prevent the entering of their order that 
none should hereafter repair to his Majesty about Parliament matter 
without leave, his Majesty replied that might have been more formally 



263 

done when the House had been fuller. I told him it might have been done 
so early to prevent a worse mischief, for I remembered your Lordship in 
speech with me about some of their humours had said that a private 
intelligence was given to some of your Lordships that some seditious 
spirits had purposed to move that a petition might be framed by the 
House to his Majesty to remove or to send home those Scots that so 
much consumed their supplies, and that they should be the more willing 
to give when they saw it should rest in his Majesty's own purse. This 
his Majesty passed over yesternight very merrily and laughingly, but 
this morning has examined me whether it were spoken of Scots only or 
of others; also whether of all Scots or of some. I prayed his Majesty to 
excuse me, for I did not take it as a speech I had any charge to report to 
him, and did not attend to the particularities of it. It might be I had 
mistaken it in the telling, and that it was not only of Scots but of others. 
His commandment was I should send to you to know the truth and the 
party. I answered it might be that he that gave you the intelligence had 
never named the party but spoke in generality. Then said he; My Lord 
may name me the party from whom he had it. To that I replied that if 
his Majesty would press Councillors to discover those by whom they 
received intelligence, they should be able to do him no more service in 
that kind. He said all traitors were to be discovered and punished. His 
Majesty discoursed long to show in what degree of treason they were 
that would seek to remove servants from a Prince. I answered that 
perhaps the party that had the conceit, being some rash man, took it for 
no treason to move to the House to go by petition, but it was not likely 
the House would have given ear to it but have rejected it. All would not 
serve but he would know the author or the intelligencer. I prayed his 
Majesty to forbear till your Lordship and he met, for I did not doubt but 
that you had many secret informations and many observations of the 
disposition of the House, which you reserved till you might have speech 
with him. The conclusion still was that he would not bide so long, but 
that if you would not write you might impart it to my Lord of Dunbar 
who is to be at London tomorrow night. I added after all this that I had 
met with Sir Henry Newill, Sir William Strowd and some others of the 
House and questioned with them about it, and their answer was that it 
might be some intemperate brain had made such a motion, but it would 
not have been heard but found them all (as I did indeed) very eager that 
his Majesty would treat with them about the point of the marriages, and 
that they hoped the House would give good ear and pay well for it. All 
would not content but that he desired to know who was the author, and 
if your Lordship would not write you might speak with my Lord of 
Dunbar. I have acquainted my Lord of Dunbar with it, who shakes his 
head on it and seems to me not to like his Majesty's eagerness in it. From 
the Court at Royston, 3 December, 1610. 
Holograph 4 pp. (128 168) 

The Earl of Salisbury to King James 1 
[1610, December 3]— I have received from Sir Thomas Lake two let- 
ters, one concerning the speech of Jehoram whereof my Lords gave some 
touch in a joint letter and mean to yield your Majesty further answer, 



264 

according to your commandment, being advertised by me to assemble 
for the same. 

To the second letter concerning me in my particular, I think fit to give 
your Majesty an account with the same diligence by which I have en- 
deavoured (in the whole course of my life) to give your Majest^y the best 
cause I could to bear with my other wants and weakness; and therefore 
without holding your Majestj^'s mind in expectation of more from me 
upon this unworthy subject, I do beseech your Majesty to receive this 
just and humble assurance; which is, that Sir Thomas Lake has much 
wronged himself in reporting that I had any intelligence of any such 
petition, for I do assure your Majesty I never had nor spake it to him, 
and if I had known of any such seditious course resolved, I was once so 
happy in my own thoughts as I would have presumed your Majesty 
would have persuaded yourself that I would rather have been doing 
something to the proudest of them than speaking. I beseech your 
Majesty therefore, if you receive no better distinction from him between 
a loose speech in passage to him expressing my desire to receive your 
commission safely for preventing any intemperate body that might (at 
parting) use any particular bitterness against your bounty or expenses, 
and any speech of mine inferring any particular notice of any formed or 
unformed petition in that kind, be pleased to do me that justice to lay 
myself at your Majesty's feet for further trial. And this is all that I will 
now presume to say to your Majest}^, saving only to beseech your 
Majesty to believe it was out of mine own duty and no other man's 
thoughts that I wrote for your first warrant; secondly, to conceive Sir 
Thomas Lake is liker (for many respects) to come by such discourses 
than I am. And lastly, that you will be pleased so to dispose of me or 
suffer me to be treated as you shall think may best agree with your own 
service upon all occasions; for when I resolved to serve your Majesty as 
I have done upon other men's trusts (in a time of want, of practice, and 
a place of envy), I had searched my heart and found it well resolved to 
suffer for such a Master all the incidents to such a condition. And so 
praying God to send your Majesty, etc. Undated 

Endorsed: '3 December, 1610. Copy of my Lord's letter.' \\pp. (134 
142) 

King James 1 to the Earl of Salisbury 
1610, December 4. — Warrant in behalf of Christopher Berwick, to 
whom the King has granted the goods and two parts of the lands of Anne 
Floyre of St Gabriell's, co. Dorset, widow, alleged to be a recusant, upon 
her conviction. 'Given under our Signet at our Palace of Westminster, 
the fourth day of December in the eighth year of our reign.' etc. 
Signed 2 pp. (128 170) 

Sir Thomas Lake to the Lord Treasurer 
[1610, December 4] — I have nothing to advertise you from home but 
that which confidence of your secrecy makes me to say. I find that all 
this heat expressed in my last two letters is moved by Sir Robert Carre ; 
that your Lordship has been very maliciously dealt with by some of the 
Lower House, he being the instrument; that the intent of pressing your 



265 

Lordship and my Lords to discover these names and matter is urged by 
him out of a purpose to cast some distaste between your Lordships and 
the King. You may remember that I have given some intimation to you 
of such an humour in the House. If my Lord of Dunbar do not say any 
such thing or if he do, I beseech you take no notice of it, for if you do it 
must needs be known to come from me, and then I shall never know 
more. But if it be secret, I may perhaps against my return learn the 
particularities and their names. Undated 

In the handwriting of Sir Thomas Lake but unsigned Seal Endorsed in 
Salisbury's handwriting: 'Sir Tho: Lake from Royston the 4th of X br 
1610. Memorandum that the 17th of Jan; at Whythall T.L. told me 
and the K's Att. of Somes case and yt it was followed by Sir R. Carr.' 
\p. (128 171) 

King James 1 to [the Earl of Salisbury] 
[1610, December 6] — My little beagle, I wonder what should make 
you to conceive so the alteration or diminishing of my favour towards 
you, as I find you do by divers passages of your letter; for I am sure I 
never gave j^ou any such occasion, and all that know me do know I never 
use to change my affection from any man except the cause be printed on 
his forehead. It is true that I have found that by the perturbations of 
your mind ye have broken forth in more passionate and strange dis- 
courses these two last sessions of Parliament than ever ye were wont to 
do; wherein for pity of your great burthen I forbare to admonish you, 
being so far ashamed as I confess I had rather write than speak it unto 
you, nam litterae non erubescunt. But ye must be sure that if ever I had 
found any ground of jealousy of your faith and honesty, I would never 
have concealed it from you. As for this particular that troubleth you, it 
is true that the first night of Lake's coming to Royston he did broadly 
and roundly inform me that ye had told him that there was a worse 
thing in head than anything whereof ye had advertised me, which was 
that ye had intelligence that if the Lower House had met again, one had 
made a motion for a petition to be made unto me that I would be pleased 
to send home the Scots if I looked for any supply from them. But the 
next morning, when I urged him to repeat the words again, he minced it 
in those terms as ye now have it under his hand, which yet is directly 
contrary to that which ye affirm in your letter. Judge ye then if I have 
not reason to hunt such tales, for that nation cannot be hated by any 
that loves me. And as I would be sorry that this people should be so 
unthankfully malicious as to bear grudge at them, so can I not but be 
more sensible that any other of high or low degree in the Court should 
falsely father upon the people their own partialities ; and if whenever the 
tenor of bounty is touched, the Scots must ever be tacitly understood, I 
will be forced to disabuse the world in that point, and publish the truth 
that the English have tasted as much and more of my liberality than the 
Scots have done. To conclude now ye need trouble you no more with this 
purpose, since all is tried in that can be and all cometh to this, that Lake 
in his report hath made of a mote a mountain. The worst is that he 
spread this mistaking of his to three or four of the Lower House before 
his coming to Royston, as ye may perceive by his letter unto you. 

CM— T 



266 

Well it is now time for you to cast your care upon the next best means 
how to help my state, since ye see there is no more trust to be laid upon 
this rotten reed of Egypt, for your greatest error hath been that ye ever 
expected to draw honey out of gall, being a little blinded with the self 
love of your own council in holding together of this Parliament, whereof 
all men were despaired, as I have oft told you, but yourself alone; but 
God send us some better. Undated 

Holograph Endorsed by Salisbury: '6 December 1610. The King's 
letter to me from Hinchingbrook.' 3 pp. (134 144) 



King James 1 to the Privy Council 
1610, December 7. — We have seen and considered your long letter, 
though written upon a short and naughty subject, to which we can give 
none other answer than this; that from you we received first the infor- 
mation of this lewd fellow's speech, aggravated with these words, that 
he made his allusion of Joram, a King not to be desired conceptis verbis. 
And now from you again we have received a new repetition of it, though 
qualified and moderated as much as may be. As for our resolution what 
we will have to be done in this case, we will ourself tell you our pleasure 
at meeting. Only thus far we thought good in the meantime to signify 
unto you, that we would have wished that our counsellors and servants 
in the Lower House had taken more heed to any speech that concerned 
our honour, than to keep off the refusal of a subsidy, for such bold and 
villainous speeches ought ever to be crushed in the cradle. And as for the 
fear they had that that might have moved more bitterness in the House, 
not only against themselves, but also to have made the House descend 
into some further complaints, to a greater disliking, we must to that point 
say thus far, that we could not but have wondered greatly what more 
unjust complaints they could have found out than they have already, 
since we are sure no house save the house of Hell could have found so 
many as they have already done. But for our part we should never have 
cared what they could have complained against us, for we hope never to 
live to see the day that we shall need to care what may be justly said 
against us, so that lies and counterfeit inventions be spared. Only we are 
sorry of our ill fortune in this country, that having lived so long as we did 
in the Kingdom where we were born, we came out of it with an unstained 
reputation and without any grudge in the people's hearts, but for wanting 
of us. Wherein we have misbehaved ourself here we know not, nor we can 
never yet learn; but sure we are we may say with Bellarmyne in his 
book that in all the lower Houses, these seven years past, especially 
these two last sessions, ego pungor, ego carpor. Our fame and actions 
have been daily tossed like tennis balls amongst them, and all that spite 
and malice might do to disgrace and infâme us hath been used. To be 
short, this Lower House, by their behaviour, have perilled and annoyed 
our health, wounded our reputation, emboldened all ill natured people, 
encroached upon many of our privileges and plagued our purse with 
their delays. It only resteth now that you labour all you can to do that 
you think best to the repairing of our estate, and as for the repairing and 
clearing of our honour, we will ourself think specially thereupon, and at 



267 

our return acquaint you with our thoughts therein. Hinchinbrooke, 7 
December in the 8th year of our reign. 
Signed Seal 2 pp. (147 162) 

King James 1 to the Privy Council 
1610, December 7. — Warrant concerning a lewd fellow's speech and 
'Joram'. December 7, 8 Jac. 
I p. (147 162) 

The Earl of Salisbury to King Jambs 
[1610] December 9. — Although you have vouchsafed to me such a 
letter as might (for many considerations besides duty and thankfulness) 
draw from me, your humblest servant, a letter at greater length, yet I 
will beg it at your Majesty's hands to make a gracious judgment if I 
frame no apology nor address myself to answer every part of the same; 
first, because there are divers things which can have no reference to me 
at all; secondly, because your Majesty knows how often I have made 
my complaint that my tongue doth ever fail my heart when it is affected 
with joy or grief, of both which your letter hath given me now a portion. 
For although I am not a little glad it was my hap to give your Majesty 
occasion to say you did wonder at my conceit because your Majesty 
could not have found cause of wonder if you had not known that I had 
no cause of fear (from which perturbation the mind of no honest servant 
in my case could be [? free]), and albeit your Majesty hath been pleased 
to assure me also, that you neither held my faith nor honesty suspected 
(which I confess was so far from my doubts that knew your Majesty's 
greatness as well as I can almost know my own innocent thoughts, as I 
would have held my life no better than death if such a fear had catched 
me); and although I esteem it one of my greatest obligations that your 
Majesty hath pleased so graciously (in imitation of God that chastiseth 
when He loveth) to show me my faults and how your Majesty apprehen- 
deth them, yet 1 am not a little grieved at my hard fortune (although 
more at my faults) when I look back at that rock whereupon I ran (when 
no ship of my own goods but only of yours was in question), if your 
Majesty's mislike of my passion and indiscreet freedom to so great a 
King had wrought also upon your Majesty any such alteration as might 
have kept you from observing likewise how far I was, notwithstanding 
my errors, from failing in the least duties which I owe your Majesty in as 
large measure as the meanest valet about you. Concerning the self love 
of my own counsels and the blindness in persuading the continuance of 
the Parliament, I humbly beseech your Majesty to suspend your judg- 
ment either of my actions or of my reasons, for as much as 1 did in any 
kind, until I attend your Majesty and be heard: which, once done, I shall 
then be better able to yield my own conscience a just reason, for any 
confession of whatsoever you will lay upon me; and in the mean time to 
take it in good part that for the care of your estate (to which your Majesty 
directeth me), I only say that no less shall be done by me for care and 
diligence, with the assistance of my Lords, than I would do for my own 
life. Lastly, Sir, for (1) that which concerns your opinion of those that 
can hate the Scottish nation or you, and, (2) your sense that any in Court 
(of high or low degree) should father their partialities upon the people, 



268 

and (3) your mislike to disabuse the world about the quality of your 
bounty to the subjects of both kingdoms, vouchsafe I humbly beseech 
you to expect no defences or distinctive answers from me to any of these 
three passages; for as I am persuaded that Cerberus himself will not 
bark at me or any of my society for the first two iniquities, so for the last 
likewise 1 fear not your Majesty's own severest judgment for any dis- 
course of mine upon that subject, if your Majesty shall either resort to 
your memory when my zeal hath made me least discreet, or bring me or 
any man to trial; so well can I tell that my tongue hath no power to 
move without a thought, and so much liberty your Majesty I hope gives 
me to speak confidently upon any of these occasions. 

Having now, most gracious sovereign, presumed to hold you beyond 
my purpose with some description of my fortune and the integrity of my 
humble and honest thoughts (fearing what might follow upon a silence or 
an answer too near couched), I humbly beseech your Majesty for that 
matter which can concern no more but the poor chips of Sir Thomas 
Lake's credit and mine. Let me refer you to the reading only of my own 
letter sent him now in answer of his which your Majesty hath seen, with 
this only passage, that when he hath put his own conception into the 
best shapes, I must declare it still for my part to be nulliusfilius, and yet 
I shall and do beseech your Majesty to assure yourself by many experi- 
ences, that I have not anyone thought so high as to seek mine own credit 
abroad by the least blemish of any man's reputation that were less used 
than he by your Majesty in the place he serves, or any other man. And 
thus I humbly kiss your Majesty's hands with my prayers that God may 
make your Majesty both of kings and of men the fullest of days and 
blessings. From the Queen's Court at Whitehall, this ninth of December. 
Endorsed by Salisbury: 'My letter to his Majesty.' 3| pp. (134 117,) 

The Earl of Salisbury to Sir Thomas Lake 
[1610, December 9] — Now that I have seen this Parliament at an end, 
whereof the many vexations have so overtaken one another as I know 
not to what to resemble them so well as to the plagues of Job, I am so far 
from meaning to trouble myself with the memory of any of the dregs, 
as I mean not now to spend my time from his Majesty's service in dis- 
puting this matter by my letters, in which no man hath interest but you 
and I. For seeing mine own innocency tells me that that is false which 
you may think to be true, your distinctions move me no more than an 
old wife's tale, neither shall it trouble me that am known in the world 
(what help so ever you borrow of your own memory to confirm your 
mistaking), except I should find that the King should so far believe you 
as in that respect to condemn me. For I am otherwise so unapt to fill the 
air with noise of any contestation between me and you, whose fortunes 
have their degrees and limits (especially when I presume you did nothing 
out of malice nor can yet conclude me to be under that, if you were so 
disposed), but Assai demanda chi ben servi et taci. [interlineated : that I 
leave your thoughts and my knowledge far asunder. Et sic finitur fabula.] 
I had sooner answered his Majesty's letter and yours but that the post 
that brought it had a fall by the way. To the last directed to my Lords 
of the Council, they find no cause to trouble his Majesty with more 



269 

letters, and for that which was directed to my Lord Chancellor, I send 
you here the best account by his own letter. Undated 
Draft, with corrections in Salisbury's handwriting Endorsed: '9 Decemb. 
1610.' and in Salisbury's handwriting: 'Copy of my letter to Sir Th. 
Lake.' I p. (128 172) 

Sm Robert Carr to the Earl of Salisbury 
[1610] December 12. — Having spoken at Whitehall about the remain- 
der of my money, give me leave to put your Lordship in mind that if any 
be come in, as Sir Julius Caesar told me about this time there would, 
that at your best leisure you would give command that it may be deliv- 
ered to the bearer hereof, my servant Walter James. Royston, the 12 of 
December. 
Holograph Endorsed: '12 Decemb. 1610.' \p. (128 173) 

Sir John Cowper to the Lord Treasurer 
[?1610, before December 13] — Stay is made of his grant of the m nor 
of Rocksteede on alleged defect of title. Prays the Lord Treasurer to 
refer the matter to the Lord Chief Justice and Baron Altam. Undated 
1 p. (P. 1727) 

Sir Roger Aston to [the Earl of Salisbury] 
[1610] December 15. — This morning I received your letters. Those 
that concerned his Majesty's service I presented to him, and delivered 
the others according to the direction. He sees no cause to alter his former 
dispatch, notwithstanding their 'gogling' [juggling] tricks upon words 
only; and he would have added more to it that his Ambassador should 
tell Velroye that he condemned as much the writer of the 'toxin' as he 
himself could do, but that he would be sorry that he should make him to 
speak true of him in this very cause. His Majesty understands by the 
Ambassador's letter what has passed from the Italian, and of his examin- 
ations and characters that was found about him, agreeable to such as was 
found upon him that murdered the late K. of France; which makes his 
Majesty the more desirous to have a severe trial of this fellow, in case his 
accusation prove true; and for that cause would have his Ambassador 
to move the Queen and Council that they would send him hither to be 
examined; for his Majesty fears that they and he, being of one religion, 
they will be the more loth to examine him upon such points as may 
slander their doctrine. If this course prevail not, that then his Ambas- 
sador may be at his examination; but this motion only in case this 
fellow's accusation prove true, as is aforesaid. This letter is written by 
his Majesty's own direction. He bade me tell you he would make me a 
secretary, as well as I was master falconer and master hunter. If the 
frost hold we go to Tebbales on Monday; if it thaw we go not till Tues- 
day. Rosterne, the 15 of December. 

PS. — These two enclosed his Majesty gave me to send back. The other 
two he keeps himself. 
Holograph Endorsed: '1610.' 2 pp. (196 32) 

King James I to the Earl of Salisbury 
1610, December 16. — Warrant in behalf of William Prichard to whom 
the King has granted the goods and two parts of the lands of John Lewes, 



270 

of Lynweny, co. Radnor, gent, and John Meredith, of Lavelly, co. 
Brecon, gent, alleged to be recusants, and whose conviction the said 
William purposes to obtain. 'Given under our Signet at our Palace of 
Westminster, the sixteenth day of December in the eighth year of our 
reign.' etc. 
Signed Seal l%pp. (128 175) 

King James I to the Earl of Salisbury 
1610, December 16. — Warrant in behalf of Charles Chambers to whom 
the King has granted the goods and two parts of the lands of Robert 
Throgmorton, of Weston, co. Bucks, gent, George Throgmorton, of 

Chepingnorton, gent, and John Ashfeild, late of , esquire, in the 

county of Oxford, alleged to be recusants and whose conviction the said 
Charles purposes to obtain. 'Given under our Signet in our Palace of 
Westminster, the sixteenth day of December in the eighth year of our 
reign.' etc. 
Signed \\pp. (128 176) 

Sir Robert Carr to the Earl of Salisbury 
[1610, December 16] — The day you have assigned, being Friday, will 
fitly serve for all my occasions, so that for this favourable offer of your 
Lordship's I shall rather have cause to be thankful than make use of. 
Your Lordship shall see I do not do this to avoid beholdingness, for the 
manifold occasions I shall have ere long to trouble you shall give you 
assurance that I am content to owe much of my fortune to your care and 
favour. Royston, this Sunday. 
Holograph Endorsed: '16Decemb. 1610.' \p. (128 174) 

Revenues of Prince Henry 
[1610, December 21] — The difference between the charges issuing to 
the Prince from the King before the Assignation and since. 

The Prince had for his house 18,00g 1 

Robes 3,000! 22,400 l 

Privy Purse 1,400 

The Prince has at this present: 

Inland 10,000! 

In rents 12,000! 46.000 1 

In money out of the Exchequer 18,000! 

The tin for coinage 2,000! 

The profit of the contract for preemption . . . 4,000! 

To this add: 

In respect of reprises which the King 

pays that issued of those lands 3,000! 

Over and above all the profits from 
copyholders, from profits of Courts, 
Greenwax, and all other casualties inci- 
dent to those possessions which for the 

most part lie westward 2,000! 

By which it appears that the King having 
now departed with all these, which 



271 

amount to 51.000 1 , his Majesty has less 
than he had before this Assignation by 
the sum of 28,000 1 

Endorsed: '21 December 1610. A view of what the Prince had and 

what he now hath.' lp. (129 1) 



The Privy Council to Lord Treasurer Salisbury 
1610, December 21. — His Majesty by his letters dated at Greenwich, 
(S June, 1609, gave warrant unto you (upon letters from six of us of the 
Privy Council, whereof your Lordship to be one) to grant licence to such 
of the Undertakers as shall desire to transport from hence into Ireland 
any horses, mares, kine, sheep, bulls, hogs and other cattle without pay- 
ing customs or other duties. Forasmuch as suit has been made to us by 
William Hill, William Bajdey, William Dunbar, John Railston and 
Francis Holcott, Undertakers in Ulster, to transport for every of them 
12 mares, 2 horses, 20 cows, 10 heifers and 2 bulls, 100 sheep and 12 
swine, we pray you to grant them licence to transport the said cattle out 
of any part of this realm into Ireland without paying custom or other 
duties to his Majesty. From Whitehall, 21 December, 1610. 
Six signatures Seal lp. (129 2) 



Captain Richard Gyfford to Lord Treasurer Salisbury 
1610, December 29. — How you have been informed of me I know not, 
but my conscience assures me to have been a most obedient subject and 
your dutiful servant. In my allegiance I could do no less than move that 
which I heard; it rested then in his Majesty and Council to determine. 
I know the affronts received, and no subject knows so well as myself 
how to repay them if way be given thereunto. I submit myself to you 
for the discovery thereof. 

Whereas I was at the instance of the Turkey Company proclaimed, 
they finding the informations against me not culpable of punishment 
have given me a general discharge, whereupon I presented a petition at 
the Council Table which was remitted to Mr Secretary Herbert, who con- 
firmed under his own hand, upon the merchants' certificate, my peace. 
Notwithstanding, on Monday last I presented myself before Sir Daniel 
Dun, Judge of the Admiralty, of purpose to satisfy him of my former life 
and proceedings, who presently without any further examination com- 
mitted me to prison where I now am. I beseech you consider the poor 
estate of me, my wife and family, undone through the tyrannies used 
towards me in Italy, which have brought me and mine to great extre- 
mities. And if there be any occasion of service according as Sir Sterten 
Leitiver was by me acquainted, or some other which I can discover, it 
will not be requisite to keep me thus in prison for divers considerations 
concerning the same. Wherefore I beseech your favour that some order 
may be given to Sir Daniel Dun for my liberty either absolute or upon 
bail, which at your Lordship's time and pleasure I will be ready upon 
command in all things to obey. In prison, 29 December, 1610. 
Holograph Seal I p. (129 3) 



272 

King James 1 to Lord Treasurer Salisbury 
1610, December 31. — Whereas our servant Ellis Rothwell has pre- 
sented unto us the name of George Watkins of in our county of 

Dorset, gent, a recusant not yet as he alleges convicted, and whom he 
proposes by his industry to prosecute and convict according to the laws 
in that case provided, and upon his conviction to cause inquisition to be 
made of the two parts of his lands and goods and the same to be returned 
of record for us into our Exchequer as in that case is accustomed, craving 
of us to bestow upon him such benefit as by the conviction of the recusant 
is to come unto us: We are pleased to grant the same unto him, and 
signify so much unto you to the end you may take notice of the name of 
the recusant and make entry thereof with yourself, that you may thereby 
know he is already by us granted and therefore not to be passed to any 
other; but that whensoever it shall appear unto you by certificate out of 
the office of the Treasurer's Remembrancer of our Exchequer that the 
recusant is duly convicted, his lands seized and found to our use and the 
same returned of record for us, that then you our Treasurer do give order 
to our Attorney General or other of our counsel to make a bill for a grant 
unto the said Rothwell of the goods and two parts of the lands of the 
said recusant, according to a form already agreed on and remaining with 
our Attorney. And because our intent is not by this our warrant that 
any delay shall be used in prosecuting the said recusant or to give him 
hope that under colour thereof he may be concealed longer than other- 
wise by the course of our laws he would be, you shall understand our 
meaning is, that if the said Ellis Rothwell does not within the space of 
one whole year next after the date of this our warrant convict the recu- 
sant and return the inquisition of his lands of record into our Exchequer, 
that then this warrant shall be void and of none effect to him. Given 
under our Signet at our Palace of Westminster, the last day of December 
in the eighth year of our reign. 
Sign Manual Signet 11 pp. (129 4) 

Treasury Records 

1610, December 31. — 'Compendium Recordorum Regiorum in Archi- 
vis Divi Regis Jacobi, etc, repositorum in ordinem digestorum per 
Arthuru Agarde deputatum Walteri Cope militis, unius Camerariorum 
Scaccarii. Last of December 1610.' 

With introductory note addressed by Arthur Agarde to the Earl of 
Salisbury. Describes his 36 years' labour among the records, and the 
huge and neglected chaos in which he found them; also his method of 
arrangement, and their conveyance into a vaulted treasury in the Abbey 
of Westminster. Acknowledges his indebtedness to the Earl, Sir Robert 
Cotton and Mr John Bingley, a special officer of the Receipt. Mentions 
further records not yet dealt with. 
Vol. 252 
[See Palgrave's Ancient Kalendars of the Exchequer, 1, xii, II, 311-335] 

King James to the King of Sweden 
[1610] — His Majesty takes in the kindest part the late offer made to 
him about the match with his daughter from the King of Sweden by his 



273 

Ambassadors. For whether the matter being subject to many considera- 
tions take effect or not, his Majesty will ever remember this offer as a 
demonstration of true affection. 

But first he answers that his daughter is so young as, being likewise 
sought by others to the same end, she may both take leisure in her 
election and both give respite to him for further consideration. 

Again before he treats of this point, he desires to endeavour to draw 
matters to some greater certainty between his brother the King of 
Denmark and the King of Sweden, lest by distraction between two such 
near allies after a marriage agreed upon, as it were the two arms of his 
body, he might fail of those happy ends he might expect by the match of 
his sole daughter. 

Again his Majesty as a father does providently consider what a dis- 
temper might happen in his own affairs, if before the settling of a peace 
with the King of Poland he should by this alliance embark himself in a 
war, wherein not only forces auxiliary must be employed as they are now 
in the case of 'Cleave', but for the necessary support of his own child all 
the power that his crown and whole estate could add to it. 

His Majesty doth also foresee how hard if not impossible it will be for 
him to send timely succour to his daughter upon any sudden accident in 
a kingdom as remote, as in all likelihood the bad success might as soon 
come to his ears as the danger, besides the anxiety it would breed in his 
mind to live so many months in doubt of the state of his own child. Here- 
of his Majesty says that they need no stronger argument than the 
journey themselves have made, and the time spent between their receipt 
of the King of Sweden's letters and the delivery of them. 

His Majesty concludes with a royal purpose to retain this secret in his 
bosom, and to acknowledge it with all thankful offices; and as no resolu- 
tion for the marriage of his daughter hath yet been taken, he leaves it to 
his good brother to think upon these inconveniences, and to rest assured 
that he shall be made acquainted with any course that may be taken in 
this kind. Undated 

Endorsed by the writer: 'The contents of his Majesty's answer to the 
King of Sweden.' 2 pp. (134 151) 



King James to the Earl of Salisbury 
[? 1610] — My little beagle, I received your letter the day at the end of 
the second chase. It was a strange constellation of recurring accidents 
between the fairness of the weather, the pleasure of the sport and the 
substance of your letter. I confess I am happy in such servants that 
watch for me when I sleep, and in my absence are careful so to snip and 
trim the house against my return as I may in the mean time dormire 
securus in utramque aurem. These concurring accidents have made me 
resolve to play the truant for a day or two longer, and for your part, to 
teach }^ou to be so busy, I enjoin you for penance to make my excuse to 
the fairest and loveliest lady at that Court, whom only I wrong by my 
absence, and to tell her that she shall certainly be advertised of my 
coming the night before; in the mean time I can but wish that the 
master's care and the servants' diligence may have success accordingly, 



274 

and now only when the day of the Lord draws near I am to remember 
your fellows and you to be extremely careful in two main grounds, the 
one to sound and prevent all occasions of scandal and grudge that may 
trouble the Parliament and that before their meeting, which is the 
ground of all your consultations at this time, to the effect that they may 
sit down as well prepared for good and purged of evil as may be; the 
other is that ye may sound and try the bottoms of their minds and in- 
tentions before the hand as deeply as is possible, that at the least nothing 
improvised may befall unto us; and so going to bed after the death of 
six hares, a pair of fowls and a heron, I bid you and all your honest 
society heartily farewell. Undated 

PS. — I wonder what 'trewis' ye have lately taken with your nephew 
that I have heard no new accusation of his knavery these five or six days. 
Holograph Two seals on pink silk Endorsed by Salisbury: 'His 
Majesty to me.' I p. (134 145) 

King James to the Earl of Salisbury 
[? 1610] — My little beagle, I have thought by these few lines to remem- 
ber you of three things: first, I desire to have a roll sent me, or at least 
delivered me when I come there, of all my servants' names that sat 
against me for the poor fifteen, for I cannot know them by this scent. 
Secondly, I desire three exceptions to be cleared in the general pardon, 
first, that Sodomy be nominatim excepted in it that no more 
colour may be left to the judges to work upon their wits in that point ; 
secondly, that in the point of piracy, where the abettors of piracy are 
mentioned that it may be thus cleared, and all abettors of piracy or 
pirates whether before or after the committing of the crime, and this 
likewise for avoiding of a witty distinction of the judges; and thirdly, 
that since I have in my late proclamation against deer-stealing promised 
that all deer-stealers shall be excepted out of the next general pardon, 
that therefore for my honour's sake all deer-stealers since the publication 
of my said proclamation may be excepted. And my last desire is that 
according to the order I gave before my parting, the Council would now 
in my absence meet and maturely deliberate upon my answer to the 
grievances, and be ready to give me their advice therein against my 
return there; and specially that my Lords Canterbury and Chancellor be 
remembered to contribute their labour in this errand. To conclude now 
I hope the bill of remanding be not forgotten, and so farewell. Undated 
Holograph Endorsed by Salisbury: 'The King's letter.' \\ pp. (134 
146) 

King James to the Earl of Salisbury 
[? 1610] — My little beagle, I am glad your opinion jumps to right with 
mine in this, as I have already (in a part) done the same which ye now 
wish to be done; for upon the first relation of this knave's talk I con- 
sidered with myself that this malicious scandal of his was not of that 
nature as was possible to be buried, whereupon I thought fit to acquaint 
her a little with it, lest other reports might have been made of it unto her; 
and therefore amongst other of his villainous speeches concerning me I 
told her that amongst the rest, but in such a fashion as she might easily 
discern what account I made of it. But now that this process is come to a 



275 

greater maturity, I think it were fit that either both ye and Dunbar or 
any one of you acquaint her with the whole proceeding, and show that 
as if it had been of the nature of a pasquil it should have been buried 
from her ears and all the world's, as yourself hath done with divers of 
them that concerned me; so since this hath passed the ears of two or 
three I thought good that she should be acquainted with my behaviour 
in it, and how order shall be taken for the punishment of the villain 
without either accusing him or acquainting any of my learned counsel 
with this malicious lie. For as his tale is but a feckless scorn, merely 
proceeding from the malice that he bears at me, so am I not so simple as 
to doubt that her reproach can ever be separated from the dishonour of 
me and my posterity, and through the misknowledge of this maxim 
many unwise husbands have by curious and unjust searching to discover 
their wives' shame procured their own eternal infamy. But, God be 
thanked, this tale doth clearly appear to be groundless and only hatched 
by his own malice, since the party whom he accuses of it doth know the 
contrary to his face, being known to be an honester man than himself; 
and I had been far to blame if I had had any such intention against her, 
especially at this time when, as I must confess, she uses me so kindly in 
all things that if it were possible for me to love her better than ever I did 
before, it were my part to do it. And thus going to sup my thanks I bid 
you heartily farewell, and recommend the knave to the gallows for the 
points of my pedigree and imagining my son to be so base minded as to 
renounce the kingdom of England, and so successor to Henry the Sixth 
and not to me. Undated 
Holograph Endorsed by Salisbury: 'The King.' 2 pp. (134 152) 

King James to the Earl of Salisbury 
[? 1610] — My little beagle, yesterday my Lord Chamberlain spoke 
nothing to me of the purpose ye know, and I thought not good to move 
it to him because I knew not what ye had done with him in that business. 
I hope, therefore, that tomorrow against my return, he shall either 
satisfy me therein, or else that I shall hear from you. The parties' 
chargeable stay here upon it makes me press the expedition of it, and I 
told you how far I had engaged my word unto them. I can now assure 
myself that my son's intelligence from the place ye know came not by 
your nephew's means, albeit that his sending a messenger unto him was 
made a colour of it as I will tell you at meeting, and so farewell. Undated 
Holograph Endorsed by Salisbury: 'His Majesty to me.' 1 p. (134 
155) 

Queen Anne to [the Earl of Salisbury] 
[ * 1610] — My Lord, the King hath told me that he will advise with 
you and some other four or five of the Council of that fellow. I can say 
no more either to make you understand the matter or my mind than I 
say the other day. Only I recommend to your care how public the matter 
is now both in Court and City, and how far I have reason in that respect, 
and I refer the rest to this bearer and myself to your love. Anna R. 
Undated 

Holograph Endorsed by Salisbury: 'Her Majesty.' Seal on pink silk. 
\p. (134 153) 



276 

Libel against the Earl of Salisbury 
[? 1610] — He is accused of peculation at the expense of the Customs 
and of other irregularities. It concludes as follows: 'I conclude that 
this man who was sent from heaven to save the King's estate, has left 
the King in far more debt than he was before his being Treasurer, and 
yet neither pensions nor any man paid, so that I may say he has gotten 
much for himself and nothing for the King. ' Undated 
Unsigned 2 pp. (129 19) 

to the Queen 



[1610 or later] — Refers to the aid given by Queen Isabella of Spain to 
Columbus's voyage for the discovering and planting in the West Indies. 
The King has many subjects of like disposition to Columbus, who desire 
his furtherance. The discovery of unknown territories will not only 
augment God's Church, but benefit trade. If a place be discovered and 
planted in the Northern parts of America there will come great benefits, 
as well by provision of wines, salt, oils, fish, tar, pitch, soap ashes, masts, 
deals, ores, etc, and other commodities, such as the West Indies yield, 
and as a place to receive the overplus of people here; some of whom may 
be employed to search into the South Sea, and to trade into those great 
and rich countries there, and also to find out a navigable passage by the 
north-west to China, Catay, Japon and the lands adjoining, in which our 
staple commodities are good merchandise; for which would be returned 
gold, silver, stones of price, spices, silks raw and wrought, and other 
things. Such discoveries have been aided by grants since Henry VII's 
time till now, but they are now neglected by reason of the great charge. 
Suggests an order of knighthood, with the Prince of Wales as Lord Para- 
mount, there being divers knights and esquires of the best sort and great 
livings, who desire this society and to be adventurers under the Prince 
at their own charge. Begs the Queen to be a mean to the King in the 
matter. Undated 
Petition \p. (196 142) 

Princess Elizabeth to the Earl of Salisbury 
[ \ 1610] — 'Monsieur, cesluy mon serviteur estant cy devant a noz très 
honore R03' et Royne, lequel estant pourveu d'ung estât qu'il dit luy est 
supprime considère qu'il est charge de femme et plusieur enfans ay este 
mené a vous prier luy vouloir asister ou a la restauration ou a quelque 
recompense que pour ce sujet cognoistrez estre bon, et vous prierez y 
vouloir apporter ce que pourrez et de raison m'obligeât par ce moyen a 
vous demeurer, Meilleure Amye, Elizabeth.' Undated 
Holograph 2 seals on pink silk. Endorsed: 'The Lady Elizabeth to my 
Lord.' h p. (134 164) 

Princess Elizabeth to the Earl of Salisbury 
[? 1610] — 'Monsieur, j'ay esté une de celles qui se sont resjouies de 
vostre bonne santé, car outre la perte que le public et le Roy mon père 
eust fait vous perdant, j'eusse esté privée d'un amy qui m'a (en ce que je 
desire pour mes serviteurs) plus monstre de bonne vollonté. Et en vérité, 
Monsieur, je m'en estime vostre obligée et vous prie continuer ceste bonne 



277 

vollonté vers moy en favorisant les miens, et commencer a ce gentil- 
homme porteur de ceste lettre, affin que ceux qui me font service ayent 
plus d'affection de continuer près de moy qui vous en rendray les remer- 
cemens quand je vous verray ; et cepandant prieray Dieu vous augmenter 
vostre santé pour servir Dieu, le Roy et le pais, et vous resteray, Bien 
bonne et affectionée amie.' Undated 

Holograph. Seal on yellow silk. Endorsed: 'The Lady Elizabeth her 
grace to my Lord. By her servant Mr Leviston.' 1 p. (134 166) 

Alton Woods 
[? 1610] — Brief of Lord Lisle's claim to Alton Woods, Worcestershire, 
with notes thereon by Salisbury. 
±pp. (141 219) 
[See CalS.P.Dom., 1603-1610, p. 656.] 

Robert Bell to [? the Earl of Salisbury] 
[? c 1610] — Begs to be spared in this loan to the King. When the Duke 
of Lennox was sent Ambassador to the French King, he paid him in 
Paris 2000 1 at the Lord Treasurer's request. Has disbursed moneys in 
the farm of French wines. Was sent into France to assist the Ambassador 
in a treaty with the French King, and was then commissioned by the 
King to inquire of the Scottish privileges, in performing which he spent 
almost a year and is 1200 1 out of purse. Undated 
1 p. (196 99) 
[See CalS.P.Dom,, 1603-1610, p. 626.] 

Marmaduke Conyers to the Earl of Salisbury 
[1 c 1610] — He details, on behalf of his master Sir Henry Slingsbie, the 
latter's complaints against the proceedings of Mr Johnson, the King's 
commissioner for sale of woods in the Forest of Knarsbruth, co. Yorks. 
Undated 
Holograph I p. (132 182) 

The Great Customs 
[? 1610] — A proposal for letting out the great Customs. The farmers 
do now pay 12,00g 1 . They offer to take a new lease and to assure the 
King to pay more of increase, whatever happen, IOjOOO 1 . They will 
account for all that comes in besides, provided that the King shall allow 
it to them if it does not amount, besides that 10,000\ to more than 
13,00c 1 . This they demand for charges and for adventure to sit at such a 
rent viz, for charges in execution, 8000 1 , for benefit, 5000 1 ; the whole 
sum is 13.000 1 . Which is as much to say that the Customs must be worth 
23,000 x above the rent you answered, or else the King shall have of 
increase upon a new demise but IOjOOO 1 . Let it now be considered by 
that which is past what the farmers have made above the old rent, and it 
will appear to be one year with another 28,000V So if trade continue as 
well as it hath done, it may be said that if the King allow that 13,00c 1 . 
and have of increase 10.000 1 , and they upon the account the sum of 
8000 1 for charges and 5000 1 for grain, the surplusage to the King would 
rise to 5000 1 , which added to the increase of rent which is 10.000 1 would 



278 

make up 15,000! . It is also to be remembered that the King may increase 
his rent upon the farm of sweet wines when it expires little less than 
50001. Undated 
Draft, much corrected by Salisbury. 1 p. (129 9) 

Sir Thomas Edmondes to the Earl of Salisbury 
[? 1610] — For payment of entertainment now due to him. and for 
order for payment of them as they fall due. Undated 
I p. (P.527) 

Lady Fortesque to [? the Earl of Salisbury] 
(? 1610] — To enjoy the benefit of her lease, which is not void by any 
offence committed by her officers, and altogether unknown to herself. 
For leave to cut the underwood of Cockshott coppice, to answer the rent 
reserved to the King. Both the lease and Sir John Fortescue's own 
warrants were admitted in the Exchequer Chamber to be good and law- 
ful. 

1 p. (P.1416) 
[See Cal.S.P.Dom.. 1603-1610, p. 649] 

The Enclosure 
Reasons why Sir Francis Fortescue has forfeited his lease, and how 
unfit it is for him to have any new lease granted. The charges are cutting 
down and lopping the oaks. 

The Inhabitants of Gloucester, Hereford, Salop and Worcester. 
and the City of Gloucester to the King 
[? c 1610] — As to their relations with the President and Council of 
Wales. Pray for decision how far the jurisdiction of the latter extends 
upon those counties; also that they may be freed from all such juris- 
diction as is encroached on them by the President and Council, contrary 
to the ancient laws of the Kingdom. Undated 
1 p. (P.2019) 
[See Cal.S.P.Dom., 1603-1610, pp. 622, 637, 649] 

Henry Goldfinch to the Privy Council 
[1610 or before] — Of the lands of Clandaniell, now the Abbey of Ban- 
tery, co. Cork, which he passed to Sir Nicholas Browne, late deceased, 
but on which he re-entered on default of payment by Browne : entering 
into recognisance for payment of the King's rent, and for repeopling the 
land with English, according to the plot of the undertakers. Complains 
of being disturbed by Browne, his widow and their friends, so that the 
English he planted there cannot quietly enjoy the land, and it is laid 
waste. Prays for letters to the Lord President of Munster to examine his 
title, and give him quiet possession. Undated 
\ p. (P.762) 

Hatfield House 
[? 1610] — Estimate for joiners' work for Hatfield. 
5 pp. (143 124) 



279 

Lord Hay to the Earl of Salisbury 
[1610] — After the sight of Mr Johanes's letter his Majesty was so well 
pleased with it that he commanded me to signify to you both how well 
he thought of your carefulness in that matter, and of the other's honest 
dealing in the same, desiring you to assure Mr Johanes from him that in 
regard both of the satisfaction which he had already received, and in 
regard of the confidence he has of his resolution henceforth to do Gunt- 
erod all the good offices he can at his master's hands, his Majesty would 
not only not withdraw any beams of his favour from Mr Rydder, but 
would so increase them as that he should find that this accident had 
rather been a burning glass to redouble them, than a cloud to scant them 
upon him. Therefore his Majesty desires that there may be no more noise 
at Prage for the one than there shall be here for the other; and in sum, 
that if Mr Johannes has any occasion to try his Majesty's favour here- 
after, that he shall so find it as his Majesty shall hereafter find the fruits 
of his good offices towards Gunterod. Undated 

PS. — I entreat that this corner of your letter may present to Mr Johan- 
nes my love and desire to do him service. 
Holograph Endorsed: '1610.' 2 pp. (196 33) 

to Sir Thomas Lake 



[c 1610] — Your father in his youth was a dependent upon my father, 
and your father at his death owed me 100 1 . I do not write to urge you to 
satisfy the debt, but to entreat your advice in my present case. Five 
years ago I came to this town, where, hearing of 'this disgraceful prac- 
tice' and understanding that the Earl of Devonshire was 'to go down 
against those rebels',* I took service with him, as Mr John Workman 
well knows, and furnished myself with necessaries, and bought an armour 
in Holborn, leaving 30s. in earnest. After knowledge had of my Lord's 
stay, I offered the armourer his armour again with the loss of this 30s, 
but he required payment of the residue which I did accordingly. Having 
the opportunity of a bark that went to the place of my abode, I sent it 
down by water and willed my man to acquaint the master and mariners 
what it was. But my neighbour adversaries, lying in wait to discover my 
follies, have turned my good intents and purposes to the worst, to my 
disgrace. So it shall appear in the trial of my case, and I desire your 
favour that by your means I may be called to answer and not languish 
in prison. Undated 
Unsigned 1 p. (213 111) 

Lady Ellen Chartie to the Earl of Salisbury 
[? 1610] — Petitioned for a small quantity of her father's lands that yet 
remain in the King's gift, but the Council not being willing to grant it, 
was a suitor for some benevolence, or for some of her yearly pension 
beforehand, to carry her into her country and satisfy her creditors. Was 
told by the Clerk of the Council that she should have the above lands, 
with reservation of reasonable rents and services; and the Council signed 

i Charles Blount, Earl of Devon, was appointed 9 November, 1605, to command an 
expedition against the rebellion expected to arise after the Gunpowder Plot. 



280 

a letter to this effect to the Lord Deputy of Ireland. But this letter 
Salisbury afterwards held to be no sufficient warrant without the King's 
hand, and made stay thereof. Prays Salisbury to procure the King's 
letter to the Lord Deputy for the passing of the said lands, or as much 
thereof as is not in grant to Sir Nicholas Browne or any other; for if she 
be driven any longer to stay she will utterly perish, having wasted the 
little means she had in following this suit. Undated 
1 p. (P.26) 

[See Cal.S. P. Ireland, 1608-1010, p. 482 and Cal.S.P.Dom.. 1603-1610, 
p. 654. See also Cecil Cal. Part XVII. pp. 140. 170.] 

Sir David Murray to the King 
[? c 1610] — For grant of a portion of concealed lands which he offers 
to discover. Undated 
hp. (P.431) 
[See Cal.S.P.Dom.. 1603-1610, p. 598] 

Sir Henry Nevill to Sir Thomas Lake 
[? 1610] — Three months ago he offered to sell the King a parcel of 
wood ground within three miles of the Thames, very fit for the King's 
deer and pastime; and the Lord Treasurer had it surveyed; but the 
matter has proceeded no further. As his occasions now require him to 
sell, he begs Lake to ascertain if the King wishes to buy; if not, that he 
may have leave to make the best of it, towards the payment of his debts. 
Undated 

1 p. (132 164) 
[See Cal.S.P.Dom., 1603-1610, p. 645.] 

The Earl of Northampton to the Earl of Salisbury 
[? c 1610] — As it has pleased you (not ex condigno, for my acknowledg- 
ments are but verbal, your merits real, but ex congruo because your 
courses will be ever correspondent to your true friends' affections) to be 
not only the most industrious but the sole solicitor of my suit since it 
first began, so must I be a suitor to you to strengthen all the circum- 
stances that belong to it as they occur. 

This suit is the last vale of reward that I will either expect or resolve to 
press during that portion of life I am to run; for before the years expire, 
which by your favour are set down, I am sure to be either stultus or 
decrepitus. Wherefore as I may say that touching the proportion of 
favour from the King the stint is yet in effect potential and sub judice. 
that is whether a rent shall go to the King of a good value or a quota in 
division if we divide by parts. My end is with your favour to convert the 
King's third to the next degree, which is a fourth and will prove unto me 
a benefit at the beginning of the farm while certain values are sub kori- 
zonte, and to the King a very weak or no great hindrance when beams of 
brighter splendour breaking out he may after my time make his best 
commodity. 

Other things Mr Ingram will present unto you which his knowledge of 
the business suggests. The last suit is specially my own, and therefore 



281 

confident in your favour at this my last and final upshoot which deter- 
mines my demands, I recommend both my hopes and instruments to 
your assistance. Undated 

PS. — This day under your leave I will visit my little hermitage, where I 
think a man might sooner earn heaven than in the Star Chamber, though 
stars have their fastness in the firmament. 
Holograph Seal 2 pp. (129 18) 

John Packer to the Earl of Salisbury 
[1610] — Having been lately dealt with by some of my Lord of Dorset's 
friends, who desire he should be assisted in his travel by one of whose care 
in doing him good offices they might be confident, especially touching 
the matter of religion, wherein hitherto he has remained constant not- 
withstanding that he has been at divers times strongly assailed; upon 
the answer which I then made (howsoever I showed no desire to change 
the course wherein by your goodness I am so well settled) my Lord, as I 
understand, has taken occasion by my Lord Chamberlain's means to 
move you that with your good liking I might go with him for that short 
time which he intends to spend abroad. Nay, I now express that howso- 
ever the consideration of doing good, which is mine only object, made me 
the more inclinable to that which otherwise I had no reason to affect, I 
had no purpose to yield any further into that motion than I should 
receive encouragement by your approbation, and some assurance that it 
should not be prejudicial unto me at my return in this service wherein I 
am now employed by your favour. Undated 

Holograph Endorsed: '1610. About going to France with my Lord of 
Dorset.' \p. (83 31) 

A Speech in Parliament 
1610. — Minutes of a speech to Parliament, with corrections in Salis- 
bury's hand. 
10 pp. (140 21) 

The County of Pembroke to the Earl of Salisbury 
[? 1610] — Praying him to allow them 400 1 out of the yearly accounts 
of the Sheriffs of South Wales for the erection of a shire-hall and common 
gaol within the castle of Haverfordwest, for the greater convenience of 
the inhabitants of the county. Undated 
Petition I p. (197 36) 

Francis Perkins's Irish Project 
[c 1610] — To build 150 walled towns with 100 houses in each town, 150 
churches, 150 free grammar schools; give meat, drink and lodging to 
150 old soldiers that have served lieutenants or sergeants, and each man 
20 nobles a year wages; also to 600 other old soldiers and each man 4 1 a 
year wages, and to 3300 other men and each man 40s a year wages; have 
ready at one day's warning 750 horsemen, 5250 footmen well armed for 
the war without charge to his Majesty : also set to work all the idle people 
as well of this as that country many years, if not for ever. Undated 
\\pp. (197 37) 
[SeeCal.S.P.Ireland, 1608-1610,2?. 368] 

CM— U 



282 

Richard Powell to the King 
[ ? 1610] — Was granted letters patent to search out mines and minerals, 
and to have the sole working thereof for seven years; and associated 
himself with merchants and others for the making of alum. Xow that 
the King bv letters of December last has revoked his grant for making 
alum, the merchants intend to take the law against him. Prays that he 
may enjoy his former grant. Undated 
lp. (P.967) 



Captain Edward Prynne to the Lord High Treasurer 
[? 1610] — Desires employment over to France with his Majesty's 
packet, his wants being such as he is constrained to seek this course for 
his relief. Undated 

Signed Seal Endorsed: 'Cap n PrintomvLord.' \p. (128 83) 
[See Cal.S.P.Dom., 1603-1610, p. 656.] 



Sir Walter Ralegh to Viscount Haddington 
[? 1610] — I gave commission to some of [my] friends to move your 
Lordship in a matter of great importance, if the attaining of honour and 
riches may be so accounted. To trouble you with the particulars I will 
forbear till such time as I ma}' know whether any good thing offered by 
me may be accepted. For if in my late sovereign's time, in whose favour 
I had some little interest, I could not obtain leave to adventure mine 
own life and mine own estate to enrich her, because mine own honour, 
fame and benefit had in all likelihood been adjoined; what may I hope 
for now, being altogether friendless in the world, except his Majesty who 
[sic] according to the trust given him by God do vouchsafe to remember 
that there is no price nor ransom for innocent blood; and that to suffer 
those to perish that are his (whatsoever a Middlesex jury hath said to the 
contrary) hath no distinction to satisfy that great God by whom kings 
reign and whom for their mercy and truth He hath preserved. But 
leaving the success to God's providence, it is a journey of honour and 
riches that I offer you, an enterprise feasible and certain. And though it 
may be said that misery feareth no change, and that my pretences and 
intents are diverse, yet I beseech you to believe that I am more in love 
with death than with falsehood, and that whatsoever time or fortune, or 
I know not what, hath taken from me, yet neither of them, nor any 
power else under heaven, shall teach me or force me to be a knave. A 
base and unworthy remedy it were against imprisonment to forswear 
God, to betray the King's mercy, and to cast away my friends, to under- 
take a journey full of hazards and ill fare, to return again a perjured, 
false and foolish knave. 

NOj my Lord, when my enemies have done their worst and destroyed 
me and mine, yet the former (which is in mine own mind's power) shall 
never be my destiny. 

Yet because I desire no trust, and that wise men may have warrant 
for their jealousies, I am content, your Lordship liking it, to follow your- 
self in this enterprise as a private man. If your Lordship cannot obtain 



283 

the expense of such a time, I am content to be committed to others, and 
setting down the course and project in writing; if at any time I persuade 
the contrary, let them cast me into the sea. 

Secondly, if I bring them not to a mountain, near a navigable river, 
covered with gold and silver ore, let the commanders have commission 
to cut ofl: my head there. 

If this be not sufficient, I will presume to nominate unto Ins Majesty 
such commanders as he will like of, who will be bound body for 
body to return me again alive or dead, and if I have mistaken myself, 
and may be yet of more price, his Majesty shall have 40,000! bond to 
boot. 

Lastly I pray 3 r our Lordship not to marvel why I have desired to 
engage you in this enterprise, and desire that yourself may be the com- 
mander, for I know that you are valiant and without falsehood, quali- 
ties rarely found in one man in this age. I know that you are dear to the 
King, and I hope withal that by your means we shall enjoy the 
fruits of our travel, and such parts as we adventure for and deserve. 
Undated 

Holograph Seal Endorsed: '1603.' [sic] I p. (103 49) 
[Printed in extenso by Edwards, Life of Sir. W.Ralegh, 11, 392-394, from 
an 18th century transcript in B.M.Add.MSS. 6177, fol. 241, from the 
original at Hatfield, which Edwards says was in his time misplaced. The 
letter is wrongly endorsed 1603, Edwards assigning it to ? 1610. 

The Book of Rates 
'The State of the Rents and Impositions.' 

[? 1610]— If a deliberate examination were made of the Book of Rates, 
it would appear that they are not so just but that in most commodities 
the King sustains loss by the underrating, and in some the merchant is 
overcharged by overrating. 

This inequality of rates might be greatly amended if understanding 
commissioners were appointed to review and amend them. 

But to make them equally just and of continuance without grievance 
or prejudice either to the King or subject is impossible for two reasons: — 

(1) The rising and falling of prices of most commodities from altera- 
tions in States and sundry other occasions. 

(2) The inequality in prices in many commodities. 

Therefore the Book of Rates, howsover reformed, to some men and 
upon some occasions will always seem a grievance, the which both King 
and subject must endure, except the King be pleased and the subject 
contented, according to the manner of Spain, to have all the imported 
goods valued by commissioners. 

And although by these unequal rates the merchants be overcharged in 
some commodities, yet were all goods valued at their true worth the 
King's customs would be advanced the one fourth part, and therefore 
this grievance ought not to be the subject's but the King's. 

And yet his Majesty has been pleased to receive both Ins custom and 
impost by these rates. The law gives Ins Majesty the twentieth part, and 
it was intended there should be levied as much for the new imposts, 
which is ten in the hundred. But upon a due examination it will be made 



284 

clear that his Majesty receives upon imported commodities not above 
seven and a half in the hundred, and upon commodities exported not six 
in the hundred; except some few commodities upon which for some 
reasons visible to the State greater imposts were laid. 

And seeing the necessity of the time enforces these imposts, yet were 
they laid with a most honourable regard of the poor and public good, as 
these few examples may manifest, viz, 

( 1 ) All corn and victuals imported are freed of imposts. 

(2) All provision for the navy and munition for the realm are freed 
of imposts. 

(3) Merchandises overrated are freed likewise of imposts. 

(4) Merchandise necessary for setting the poor on work are also freed 
of imposts, as silk, cotton wool, cotton yarn, etc. 

(5) For maintenance of commerce all passable commodities are freed 
of imposts, and the impost of all foreign commodities exported is restored 
again to the merchants. 

(6) All sorts of woollen cloth exported is excepted. 

(7) All our manufactures are so moderately valued as both subsidy 
and impost little exceed five in the hundred. And whereas amongst other 
'agreevances' against the Book of Rates it was alleged by some gentle- 
man that a poor man wearing a shirt of lockram pays for the same to his 
Majesty for custom and impost lOd, it will be made manifest upon exam- 
ination that a shirt of the best sort of lockram does not pay fully 2d ; and 
the rates of lockram are so low that the subsidy and impost is little more 
than five in the hundred one with the other. 

And if these grave gentlemen now in this High Court of Parliament 
would look unto precedent ages, they will find there was given to King 
Edward III upon every sack of wool 40s, silver being 20d the ounce, 
which were now as silver is enhanced 6 1 the sack; and this was continued 
unto his successors by the name of the great custom. The same wool is 
now exported in cloth and other manufactures and doubled in value by 
the workmanship, wherein only the property is altered not the nature; 
the rates so low in comparison of that of wools, and the ounce of silver 
now trebled in value, as if it were maturely considered what was paid in 
those times for the great custom and the ounce of silver reduced to the 
present value, it will manifestly appear that these new imposts do not 
make the King sufficient recompense for that loss in the great custom 
which his predecessors Kings of England received, given unto them by 
the free consent of our forefathers. 

And to make it appear how small cause of complaint there is against 
the Book of Rates, here is set down some few particulars both of merch- 
andises which are overrated and those underrated. 

Merchandises overrated 

Rat 
Bustians the single piece 26s 

Camlets unwatered the piece 30s 

Copper tinsel the yard 3s 

Ordinary printing paper the ream 2s 

French and China velletts [sic] the yard 15s 



ed 


Value 


8d 


20s 




20s 


4d 


12d 


6d 


2s 




12s 



Rated 


Value 


23s 4d 


16s 8d 


26s 8d 


13s 4d 


3s 4d 


2s 4d 


2s 6d 


18d 


20s 


15s 


rED 
16s 8d 


25s 


15s from 18s to 24s 


16d 


2s 6d 


5s 


20s 


13s 4d 


26s 8d 


40s 


41 


15s 


22s 6d 


33s 4d 


50s 


81 


121 


81 


401 


61 


161 



285 



Counterfeit 'tykes' the piece 

Tinselled satin the yard 

Copper gold the mark 

Pepper called long pepper, the pound 

Caddice ribband the doz. 

Merchandises underrated 
Raw silk the great pound 
Velvets the yard 
Holland cloth the ell 
Beaver wool and 'wombes' the pound 
Cochineal the pound 
Copper plates or bricks the hundred 
Flax unwrought the hundred 
Galls the hundred weight 
Iron the ton weight 
Wainscots the hundred 
Soap ashes the last 

Undated 
Endorsed by Salisbury: 'The state of the Rates and Impositions.' 3 pp. 
(129 6) 

Ravensdale Park 
[? c 1610]— Note as to the herbage and pannage of Ravensdale Park, 
and George Hunt's lease. Undated 
\p. (132 181) 

Estimate touching the King's Revenue 
[? c 1610]— 'Of impositions I set no value. Of the rest, although I can 
make no estimate, yet prerogatives and prescription unlimited gives 
much advantage to Kings in their titles. The sum of all these as now he 
maketh of them cometh to 102,0001. That which they offer to the King 
is the sum of 20,0001. Which being compared with that which now he 
maketh doth amount to more than he receiveth, the sum of 98,0001. To 
the third what the King's state will be when this contract is passed, it 
must thus be collected. That when his Majesty called the Parliament 
and had made no new assignation to the Prince, his ordinary issue exce- 
eded his receipts the sum of 50,0001. And the proportion held fit to 
answer his extraordinary by comparison of the former expense was 
conceived by all men to require no less than 100,0001 . Undated 
Probably in the hand of Levinus Munch. \p. (206 80) 
[See Gardiner, History of England, \\,p. 64] 

Rockingham Forest 
[? 1610] — Note of abuses in the Forest of Rockingham, with offer of 
means to redress the same. Apparently written by the chief keeper there. 
Undated. 
Endorsed by Salisbury. 2\ pp. (132 139) 



286 



The Earl of Salisbury to 



[1610] — Their proceedings are more popular. The Lower House have 
sent for Sir Roger Aston. My Lord of Canterbury desired me at my first 
dispatch to send away his letter. I pray you tell his Majesty [Sir Tho. 
Lake struck through] that I have received his commandment by Sir Tho. 
Lake concerning the restraint, disputing the King's right in matter of 
the Impositions; in which the House is so violent, that we will rather 
follow his Majesty's commandment than to have that done which may so 
justly offend the King as that course will do. Between this and Monday 
we shall discover more, but the Speaker shall have a provisional order to 
use his Majesty's name in that point, as soon as any man offers such an 
argument. If any exception be urged by any man to any proportions or 
to any nature of commodity (for which change of time may give reason), 
it may have his passage and is usual. And in that kind some ease hath 
been done and more promised, but we find a general jealousy so rooted 
that more impositions are coming, that they do press this point, though 
know they cannot prevail. I pray you give his Majesty my humble 
thanks for his favour signified to Mr Chancellor by you. I keep the bill 
till he comes for there is no haste. Undated. 

Draft in Salisbury's handwriting and signed: 'Yo r loving trend R. Salis- 
bury.' Endorsed: 'To my Lord.' 1 p. (128 92) 
[See Gardiner, History of England, 11, 70 seqq, and Commons Journal, 
passim] 

Elizabeth Throkmorton to the Earl of Salisbury 
[? c 1610] — I must crave pardon that I was more bold than was fit for 
me to be with one of your place; but I knew I writ to a wise man that is 
not so ready to censure a distressed woman as to consider the occasion 
that draws me into intemperance. Pardon this my last writing unto you, 
for I mean not to trouble any of you long with suits, but I will never 
leave coming to the King till I may have justice done me. I received a 
message that you could do me no good, but it belonged to the Lords of 
the Privy Council to help me. I am sorry, chiefly for my own cause, that 
virtue is not still joined with wisdom. If you had so much will to do good 
as you have understanding to know what belongs unto you to do, then 
so many poor helpless creatures would not sink under the burden of 
their misery as they do. What a pity it is that your Lordship has power 
to do ill and not to do good ; you could of yourself put me out of the 
Council Chamber and not suffer me to come in again, but now you cannot 
of yourself help me to justice. It is nothing else that I desire of any of 
you. What a miserable state is this, that if one of you do wrong, there is 
no help nor redress to be looked for amongst the rest of you. Methinks 
it belongs to such worthy magistrates to take part with the weakest side, 
and not to suffer his Majesty's common laws to be trampled underfoot 
and his poor subject, for lack of justice, to be utterly undone. All that I 
entreated in my last letter was but that you would persuade the Lord 
Chancellor to dismiss me if I might not obtain so much favour [as] to 
have my cause heard at the Council table, which was no great matter for 
you to do; and now once again the same is my suit, which if it may not 
be granted then I must be troublesome to his Majesty. I have herewith 



287 

sent a petition to all the Lords of the Privy Council; may an answer be 
written thereupon whether I shall come before you or no, or what I shall 
trust to. Undated 
Holograph Seal I p. (129 22) 

Debt [of some person not named] 

[? 1610] 'The yearly increase of the interest, as well by reason of the 

debt, as of the yearly want.' 

(a) Ifhecontract: 1610 to 1611, 50,0001; 1611 to 1612, 65,0001; 1612 
to 1613, 81,0001. Sum, 196, 5001. 

(b) If he do not: 1610 to 1611, 60,0001; 1611 to 1612, 86,0001; 1612 
to 1613, 114,6001. Sum, 260,6001. Undated. 

I p. (196 38) 

Christopher Shaw to the Earl of Salisbury 
[? c 1610] — For payment for pieces of embroidery work, furnished to 
the Queen. Undated. 
1 p. (P.807) 
[See Cal.S.P.Dom., 1603-1610, p. 656.] 

Lord Sheffield to the Earl of Salisbury 
[ ? 1610] — Of his continuing lameness in his instep, which was wounded 
with a sword 7 or 8 years ago, so that he is unable either to proceed on his 
journey to the Court or to return back to York. If he possibly can he will 
be there against the Parliament; if not, entreats Salisbury to make his 
excuses to the King and procure his allowance for his absence. Undated. 
I p. (206 72) 
[See Cal.S.P.Dom., 1603-1610, p. 586.] 

The Earl of Southampton to Lord [? Salisbury] 
[? c 1610]— He advises that certain coppices, named, in the New Forest 
may be conveniently demised without hindrance to the game or pre- 
judice to the King's disports. Undated. 
Partly holograph \ p. (132 178) 

Patent for Tobacco 
[? c 1610] — 'The motives why the patent of tobacco ought to cease.' 
The King has no profit thereby. Although I be to answer him 20001 a 
year, yet the patent grants that I may defaulke 7s 2d for every pound 
seized, and the imposition is so great, and men adventure so much to 
steal the custom, that there is so much seized that thereby the King's 
rent is paid and he little benefitted, by reason the commodity by long 
lying grows nothing worth. The charge for searching is so great that the 
money received for imposition hardly defrays it and to bear suits in the 
Exchequer for seizures. The merchants are hurt by losing the goods, 
many poor mariners undone, and I have much tobacco left on hand 
which will take no money. The King loses, for he answers the farmers 
for the great custom 6d. on every pound for that tobacco which lies 
there and rots, and yields nothing to him or me. How necessary it is that 



288 

patent be dissolved I leave to your consideration, which yields loss to 
King and country, and my utter overthrow, without your Honour's 
assistance, which I humbly pray. Undated. 
\p. (130 179) 

Treatise 

[1610 or earlier] — Treatise addressed to the King, apparently by a 
Scotsman. 

'In thankful acknowledgment of your Majesty's licence to me to 
travel', he sets down the present dangers to the State, and the remedies. 
Describes at length the dealings of Spain with the Pope and the Jesuits; 
the state of the Catholic Church at Rome; and the proceedings and aims 
of the Jesuits. Refers to the King of Spain as 'homo de poto' and a sot. 
Gives abstract of a pamphlet against the Jesuits, stamped at Montelimar 
upon Rhone, incerto autore, entitled, 'Introductio in artem Jesuisticam'. 
Says that he has seen 'one Marianus, the most villainous and abominable 
tract ever did come in my hands, other than such ane lyk of J.Kn History 
of the King of Scotland, and Buc. Jure Reg. ' Reports what is said of the 
King's government by certain Spaniards, especially P.Millan and Genna, 
with regard to the King's intention to destroy the ancient reputation and 
the liberties of Scotland, and to transplant the splendour of all his kingdom 
into England; also that they hold the English plantation of Virginia an 
injury unto their King, but they do contemn it, saying it is 'not yet 
worth taking pains to deluge them.' In describing the use made of reli- 
gion by kings and statesmen, he says, 'sometimes the wickedness of 
mischant [méchant] subjects study under the same colour [or religion] to 
change states: sometimes the fury of the multitude, easily blinded and 
led upon novelties.' This passage is marked by the writer at the side, 
'E of S'. In speaking of toleration and the position of religious parties 
in England and Scotland, he says, 'if any overture shall present so to do, 
it is thought there shall be more than twice as many Puritans who shall 
decline your Majesty's present government in that case, and with the 
papist crave for liberty of conscience.' 'Among other your Majesty's 
good friends whom I have been happy to talk with upon this subject, 
there is one in Paris called Cassabon,* guardian of the King's library, a 
man esteemed there a Protestant in religion, who being of my acquain- 
tance did infinitely regret with me that digression of your Majesty's book 
touching Antichrist; saying that otherwise that treatise was in a way to 
procure your Majesty great credit, and to have made you capable of a 
great work in Christendom. He told me that Cardinal Peroone, an excel- 
lent man in France and no favourer of the Jesuits, hath said unto him 
touching that book that an it had not been for that digression, he would 
have gone before the Pope upon his knees to have your Majesty satisfied 
in all the rest. More said Cassabon, if his Majesty had foreborne that 
point and discreetly have sought reformation, he had assuredly gotten 
upon his side the whole kirk of France, and all those also on our side 
who be wise, to have subscribed the Consultation of Georgius Cassander, 
before we should not have condescended to Christian unity. This far 
hath one said who for no persuasion of the French King will budge from 
his religion: remaineth Protestant.' The writer concludes by urging the 

♦Isaac Casaubon left Paris in 1610 



289 

King to allow liberty of conscience, and to follow the example of the 
States of Holland in this matter; it being perilous and impossible for 
him to stand against the Catholic religion. Undated. 
37 pp. defaced by damp . (211 2) 

R. Vaughan to [Michell] 
[? c 1610] — I have had no time to do anything in your business, but 
before I went with the King to Newmarket I met Mr Ashton, with whom 
I had some speech about the office, who, presuming on my good affec- 
tion towards him, told me confidently he should be in possession of the 
same before this Easter, for his Lordship had sent for Dawes to him, 
before whom an agreement was made to that purpose. More of this, or of 
anything else for you, I do not yet know, but will learn all I may. 
Warning is already given for the King's remove again to Newmarket on 
Thursday come sennight. In the meantime I will do you what dutiful 
office I can. Undated. 
Holograph Endorsed: 'Vaughan's letter to Michell.' \p. (130 181) 

Thomas Walbieff to the Earl of Salisbury 
[1610 or earlier] — Two petitions. 

(1) The Council directed Sir John Crooke and Francis Tate to deter- 
mine the cause of the stealing and detaining of his son and heir John, 
wherein but little is yet effected. Those who detain him have commenced 
suit against petitioner by one Lutwitch, an attorney, appointed his son's 
guardian by Mr Justice Wamesley. Prays Salisbury to inquire of 
Wamesley by whose means he was moved to appoint a guardian, as he 
hopes thereby the more speedily to recover his son. Undated. 

I p. (P. 250) 

(2) Prays Salisbury to require Sir Anthony Ashley* to have ready, by 
the Council's next sitting, his report on petitioner's cause. Undated 

1 p. (P. 1808) 

The Court of Wards 
1610. — Instructions to the Master and Council of the Court of Wards. 
London 1610. 
Printed. 11 pp. (223 14) 

Lady Wharton 
[? c 1610] — Her grievances against Mr Percival Willoughby and her 
answer to charges made. She is contented that, if she has the land in 
ward, her land shall be answerable for debts in equal proportions with 
Willoughby's. Undated. 
Petition. 2 pp. (P.2253) 

Whittlewood Forest 
[? 1610] — Three papers. 

(1) Sir Robert Johnson's remembrances about the leasing of his 
Majesty's coppice woods in the forest of Whittlewood, co. Northampton. 

2 pp. (141 294) 

[See Cal.S.P.Dom., 1603-1610., p. 581] 

* Sir Anthony Ashley surrendered the office of Clerk of the Privy Council on 3 1 May, 
1610. (Cal.S.P. Dom, 1603-1610, p. 615.) 



290 

(2) Objections and answers by Sir Robert Johnson, touching the 
leasing of the underwoods in Whittle wood Forest. 

1 p. (141 295) 

(3) The conditions of the lease of coppice in Whittle wood Forest. 
Sir Robert Johnson's name at foot. 

lp. (141 296) 

The King's revenues 

[? 1610] — 'Memorial of those suits with which his Majesty is contented 
to reward his servants and subjects, reserving other things which may 
raise profit, which restraint is necessary for some time in regard of his 
great arrears of debt.' 

The list includes forfeitures for treason, murders, felonies, counter- 
feiting of money, etc, and escheats; concealments, except those which 
are reserved to Tipper's prosecution; debts before 30 Eliz.; grants of 
recusants; making of denizens; casualties arising by fall of offices, as 
keeping forts, houses, chases, parks, etc; presentations to benefices void 
either by lapse or decease of the incumbents. Conditions stated under 
each head. Undated. 

2 pp. (130 166) 

Royal grants, etc. 
[? 1610] — Brief notes as to the processes in royal grants and imposi- 
tions. 
\p. (P.2186) 

Sir John Cowper to the Earl of Salisbury 
[1610 or earlier]* — As to the title of Rocksteede, which came to the 
King upon the suppression of the abbeys, which were given to Sir 
Thomas Heneage for other lands and money. Cowper has now made 
composition for the same. 'I have served the late Queen and his 
Majesty these 30 years, preferred first by your most honourable father 
to her service.' Undated 
Holograph 1 p. (206 71) 

Sir Lewes Lewkenor to the Earl of Suffolk 
[1610-1611] January 8 — There landed in this instant here a boat from 
Calais with some servants of the Marshal, who say he has been at 
Calais 7 days, and is ready to put to sea with the first opportunity of 
wind, so that we hope to see him here tomorrow. On his landing I will 
advise you of the journeys he intends to make towards London, to the 
end my Lord of Pembroke may know when to meet him at Gravesend. 
A Flemish hoy was yesterday cast away, men and all, over against 
Sanddowne Fort. Dover, 8 January. 
Holograph Endorsed "1610" lp. " (195 136) 

Postal endorsements: "Hast post hast hast hast hast hast post hast. 
Lewes Lewkenor. Dover, Tuesday 8 Jan. somewhat past 3 a clock in 

* Sir John Cooper was buried on December 13, 1610. 



291 

the afternoone. At Canterbury] at past 6 a Cllock at night. Sitting- 
borne at 11 and past at night. Rochester at one oft the Clock at night. 
Darford at past 4 in the morin. London the 9 of January at 8 in the 
raoringe." 

King James I to the Earl of Salisbury 
1610-161 1, January 12. — Warrant for direction for a bill for a grant 
to be made by the Attorney-General to Walter Toderick of the goods and 
two parts of the lands of the Lady Anne Curson of Walterperrie, co. 
Oxford, widow, upon certificate being made out of the office of the 
Treasurer's Remembrancer of the Exchequer of her conviction for 
recusancy. The warrant is to be void if the said Walter does not with- 
in a year convict the said recusant and return the inquisition of her 
lands of record into the Exchequer. "Given under our Signet at our 
Palace of Westminster, the twelfth day of January in the eighth year 
of our reign of England, etc." 
Signed Seal \\pp. (128 99) 

The Earl of Montgomery to Viscount Cranborne 
[1610-11] January 13. — "I hope you will not thinke that it was anny 
forgettfullnes in mee or want of afection to you, that you have not herd 
from mee since youre going ought of England, for I protest unto you 
it was for want of nether: for there is no manne that leeveth which I 
desier mor to give a tru testimony of my love to then youre selfe. And 
I protest I desier nothing more then that I may have anny ocation to 
make you know how much power you have to comand mee. 

All youre frends heare hath been extremly greeved to heare of the 
danger you weare in by reson of the extremity of the violent fever 
which you had*, but now, God bee thanked, wee doe all rejoice as much 
as wee did greeave beefore, for the last letters which youre father re- 
seved hath mad us sertainly know you are past all danger. I will not 
truble you with anny such nuse as this place doth afoord, beecause I 
canne wright none which is worth youre hearing. But I cannot omitt to 
lett you knowe how much you are bound to God in giving you so worthy 
and so loving a father as you have. For I protest to God I never sa we 
no manne so carefull of a sonn, and that you will soone find at youre 
returne, which I hope will bee very shortly, to the great joy of all 
youre frends. From the Court at Whithall, the 13 of January." 

PS — "I pray remember my servis to Henry Howard." 
Holograph Seal \p. (200 8) 

Sir Christopher Parkins to the Earl of Salisbury 
1610-1 1 , January 16. — Having in my old age got a poor cottage for my 
last worldly rest, it has been desired of me in your name that I should 
yield some part thereof, if any might be spared, for the enlargement of 
the next house appertaining to the Countess of Derby. Afterwards one 
came from you to view, and seeing the rooms strait and small, thought 
nothing superfluous. By him I returned this humble petition that I 
might with your favour enjoy my poor house, but should be ever at 

*A reference to Cranborne's serious illness at Padua. See supra p. 241 



292 

your commandment, wherewith I was informed your Honour rested 
satisfied. But since I have been much urged to take a hundred pounds 
and be gone to seek elsewhere, yet this not in your name. Lastly it has 
been desired of me by letters in your name to write my resolution to the 
Countess, which I readily did, signifying for very manifest reasons of 
bonds to be taken in and such like, that much more lay upon it than to 
take 100 x and be gone; and also that being now feebled I was unwilling 
to seek further, wherefore I prayed her that I might have her favour to 
be as I was. Whereunto, I am informed, her Honour answered she 
would leave to urge hereafter by herself or others. Channon Row, 
16 January 1610. 
Signed Seal, broken \p. (128 100) 

Sir Julius Ceasar to the Earl of Salisbury 
1610-11, January 17. — The King has bestowed on him the reversion 
of the Mastership of the Rolls, for which he returns thanks. Whenever he 
shall be settled in that place, he will surrender his offices of Chancellor 
and Under-Treasurer of the Exchequer or either of them, at his 
Majesty's pleasure, together with both or either of the letters patents 
by which he holds them during life. Strond, 17 January, 1610. 
Holograph \p. (195 137) 

Furnaces 

1610-11, January 22 and 23. — Two documents. 

(1) Appointment by Sir George Carew of Clopton, of Nicholas Salter 
of London, merchant, to receive from Sir William Slingsbie and others 
one seventh part and half a seventh part of the profits of their licence 
to erect furnaces, etc. for boiling, melting, etc., glass, ordnance, bell 
metal, latten, copper, brass, tin and lead. 22 January, 8 Jac. 

Ira. Seal (220 4) 

(2) Agreement by Sir William Slingesbie, Andrew Palmer, "a Say 
master of the Mint", Edmund Wolferston and Robert Clayton, to pay 
to Nicholas Salter of London, merchant, a seventh and half a seventh 
part of the profits of their licence to build furnaces, etc. for the boiling, 
etc., of glass, ordnance, bell metal, latten, copper, brass, tin, lead and 
all materials whereupon great expense of fuel is required. 23 January 
8 Jac. Ira. (220 7) 

Hugh Done to the Earl of Salisbury 
[1610-11, January] — Is ignorant in what way he has incurred his 
displeasure. Desires to know the cause that he may clear himself if 
possible, and be restored to favour. Undated. 

Holograph Seal Endorsed: "January 1610. Hugh Done to my lord." 
\p. (128 101) 

Maurice Kyffin to the Earl of Salisbury 

[1610-11, January] — I have lately married a widow, a gentlewoman, 

well descended, her father as yet not acquainted of the matter. I doubt 

that he will be highly displeased with his daughter for marriage without 

his consent, and that, I fear, will turn to her great sorrow and grief, 



293 

being a sickly body. Therefore I beseech you speak with him in my 
behalf, that I may have his good will, which is all I desire of him. He 
is now in London and will not stay here long. He is no recusant. I will 
attend your Honour to inform you of his name. Undated 
Holograph Seal Endorsed: "January 1610." \ p. (128 102) 

Captain Richard Gyfford to the Earl of Salisbury 
1610-11, February 8. — I have often signified my desire to do you 
service, both since my coming into England by Mr . Kerckham, your Lord - 
ship's secretary, as also from Florence in the time of my imprisonment 
by Sir Stephen Lesieur. I have endeavoured by all means possible after 
my coming home to attain your presence, but never could be so happy 
There was a proclamation granted at the instance of the Turkey Com- 
pany, and I was put therein amongst many notorious malefactors 
whom I never knew, and without giving cause of any witting offence; 
as is now well known to the merchants themselves, who have given me 
hereupon their certificate for my discharge. Notwithstanding this, 
there was a warrant granted by the judge of the Admiralty to apprehend 
me, of which notice being [sent] me, I went of myself to the judge to 
know thereof, who presently committed me to prison where I have been 
this seven or eight weeks, there being no cause in the court against me, 
my Lord Admiral truly satisfied therein, the merchants' general acquit- 
tance, and the Florentine agent ceasing from his indirect pretence. 
Neither can I imagine of any cause by me given except some letter be 
mistaken, which I did to a good intent towards my country, and be- 
cause something which I hope your Lordship has been given to under- 
stand might not be made frustrate, which afterwards when too late 
might be wished for. Wherefore I beseech your presence, whereby I 
may satisfy you in every respect; or else it may please you to admit 
sufficient bail to be accepted for the answering of anything which may 
be supposed will be objected against me. 8 February, 1610. 
Holograph lp. (128 103) 

Draiton Manor 
[1611, before February 9] — "Survey of the manor of Draiton taken by 
Commission." The manor consists of copyhold land (930 acres), 
leasehold land (550 acres), and woodland (100 acres). The firat are in 
the hands of John Smithe, and John and Janes his children, for their 
lives at an annual rent of £34:9:6 which the survey enhances to £41. 
The leaselands produce an annual rent of £39. The woodlands are in 
the possession of Sir Jervice Clifton and his two brothers who have 
leased them for their lives at £20 per annum. Undated 
Endorsed by Salisbury: "The suit of Mr Speaker." 1 p. (P. 2369) 

Oath for the Archbishop-Elect of Canterbury 
1610-11, February 27. — Warrant to the Lord Chancellor and others 
to minister an oath to the Bishop of London, chosen to be Archbishop of 



♦Parliament was dissolved on February 9, 1610-11. 



294 

Canterbury, before the delivery to him of the congé d'eslire. The oath 
to be in such form of words as they shall think fit, but of the same 
substance and effect as the King has already signified to the Lord 
Treasurer. Newmarket, 27 February 8 Jac. 
Signed by the King lp. (195 139) 

Sir Henry Hobarte to the Lord Treasurer 
[1610-11, February 28.] — I neither saw my Lord Coke since nor wrote 
to him concerning the prohibition, for I heard of it but by the way of 
reading your letter, not having direction from you to send, for then I 
would have had some note of the persons and causes. I remember the 
letter said that my Lord Bishop of London should give me knowledge 
of it, that thereupon I might write. But I never heard of the Bishop, 
and therefore I know not what is further to be done by me. I will wait 
on you and do as you direct. Undated 
Holograph Endorsed: "28 Feb. 1610." lp. (195 140) 

Christopher Abdey to the King 
[?1611, c. February] — To prevent the waste of wood caused by permit- 
ting "certain runagate base Frenchmen" to make green glasses, he 
propounded a course to import them, which would have yielded 500 1 per 
annum to the King. Lord Salisbury referred the matter to the Lord 
Chief Justice, who concluded that the King might suppress all glass 
houses provided their inconvenience exceeded their profit. Argues that 
by continuing these houses some few "outlandish rovers" are main- 
tained here at the expense of 10,000 x worth of wood a year, and that 
the suppression of the houses will be profitable to the realm ; and prays 
for order to Lord Salisbury that his motion be put to present execution. 
Undated 

Petition lp. (196 93) 
[See Cal.S.P.Dom.. 1611-1618, pp. 13, 224] 

Docquet of Warrants 

1610-11, March 11. — The following warrants procured by Sir Thomas 
Lake: 

To the Lord Chancellor for a writ under the Great Seal to the Sheriffs 
of London for the burning of Bartholomew Legatt, convicted of divers 
horrible heresies before the Bishop of London and by his sentence left 
to the secular power. Subscribed by Mr Attorney- General. 

For a writ to the Sheriff of Litchfeild for the burning of Edward 
Wightman, convicted of the like offences before the Bishop of Coventry 
and Litchfeild. Subscribed by Mr Attorney- General. 

A release to Robert White, Master of Arts, one of his Majesty's 
chaplains in ordinary, of all offences committed by him in not residing 
upon his cure, being parson of the rectory of Llangeniwen and Newburgh, 
co. Anglesey, in the diocese of Bangor, in regard the cause of his non- 
residence was in spending his time in study in the University of 
Cambridge and under the age of 40 years. Subscribed by the Bishop of 
Bath and Wells. 

A gunner's room in the Tower of London with the fee of 6d a day 



295 

granted to William Fishenden for life in reversion after such as have 
former reversions. Subscribed by the Lord Carew. 

To the Exchequer to pay such sums and to such persons as the Earl 
of Suffolk shall signify under his hand for defraying the charges of the 
Ambassador sent from the King of Denmark. Procured by order from 
the Chancellor of the Exchequer. 

A letter to the Lord Deputy of Ireland to lay his Majesty's express 
commandment upon all his servitors there to aid to the uttermost of 
their powers the undertakers in the county of Armagh in defence of 
their lands and goods against any thieves (their neighbours) that would 
oppress them. Justice to be severely executed against such as shall be 
apprehended and convicted for such capital offences. The Deputy to 
discharge all such of his Majesty's servitors of all commands and enter- 
tainments that they hold from his Highness, as he shall find to be slack 
in their duties or willing to see the undertakers discouraged in their 
plantation. Divers other clauses entered at large in the private book. 
Dated at head 11 Martii 1610. 
1 p. (128 105) 

Sir Julius Caesar to the Earl of Salisbury 
1610-11, March 15. — I have sent herewith Mr. Brigtys collection 
of the debts according to your direction yesterday, and another paper 
of the receipts and issues between this and midsummer; likewise a paper 
of such casual revenue to be reserved apart from other receipts for the 
King's bounty. Strond, 15 Mart. 1610. 

Holograph Seal Endorsed: "1610, March 1 (sic). Mr. Chancellor to my 
Lord." \p. (128 104) 

Lord Cranborne to 



[? After April 1. 1611] — Draft, with translation in French: 

"Sir, I am very sorry I have no occasion whereby I mought testify 
how much I was beholding unto you since my being in France. I desire 
much to requite those fauvours which you were pleased to doe me at 
my being there, but they being so many and my power so little as I am 
not able no way to equall them. Wherefore I must intreat you to 
accept my good will and to thinke of mee as one that will be ready to 
remaine. . . . 

Below: "Monsieur, ie suis fort marry que ie ne point d'occasion de 
vous tesmoigner combien j'estois oblige a vous depuis mon retour de 
France. le desire fort de me re venger de ses fauveurs qu'il vous a pieu 
de me faire lors que ie fus la. Mais estants si grandes et mon pouvoir si 
petit qu'il n y a pas moyen que ie les puisse égaler. C'est pourquoy ie 
vous supplye de prendre ma bonne volonté et d'estimer de moy comme 
vostre treshumble serviteur." Undated 

Unsigned Holograph, corrected by Cranborne \p. (200 140) 
Sir Vincent Skinner to Lord Treasurer Salisbury 

1611, April 7. — The extremity of my present estate presses me to be 
troublesome, for most of my creditors having proceeded to judgment, 
if they should prosecute outlawry after it your Lordship knows in what 



296 

estate I should stand for my poor estate whatsoever. For prevention 
whereof I have entreated Sir W. Cope and Sir M. Hicks to make offer 
of sale of some land, that my creditors being satisfied of some part of my 
debt may the rather be induced to forbear such course, and to give 
some reasonable time for the residue; having as great a desire to dis- 
charge my due debts as any man living, as may well appear in that 
within little more than 12 months I paid above 10,00g 1 by sale of lands 
and goods and other good things the chief stay of my estate, and much 
more had done if I had not been impeached by the cruel arrest procured 
by my 2 late servants, a thing never attempted upon me by any but by 
them alone; who by that example have given encouragement unto others 
to use the more rigour towards me. Albeit they of all others had least 
cause to take that course with me, as some, who know more of their 
dealings than I, have told me, marvelling that I did not help myself 
in my place, as well as my clerks serving under me; which being a riddle 
unto me was in these terms "soluted", that by giving intelligence of 
debts due to his Majesty they made so good boot thereof that of some 
they had the 10th part of his Majesty's grants, yea, of some others did 
share 2 parts of 3, leaving the suitor his single third part for his share. 
So as they had not so much cause to exclaim of me, to move commiser- 
ation towards them, as is told me they do, making their vaunts to some 
of mine own servants that they will lay me as fast as formerly they did 
if I be above ground ; a great indignity offered me and odious to many 
that heard of it, though God was pleased to humble me thereby, where- 
of I trust to make my profit towards Him. 7 April. 1611. 
Holograph Seal Ip. (129 52) 

The Privy Council to Lord Treasurer Salisbury 
1611, April 7. — Whereas his Majesty by his letters dated at Greenwich, 
8 June, 1609, gave warrant unto your Lordship, upon letters from six 
of us of the Council, your Lordship to be one, to grant licence unto the 
undertakers to transport hence into Ireland any horses, sheep, etc., 
without paying custom; for as much as suit has been made to us by the 
Bishop of Derry for licence to transport 40 heifers, 2 bulls, 10 mares, 
2 horses, 10 sows and 2 boars, we pray you to grant him licence to 
transport the same out of any part of this realm into Ireland without 
paying any custom or other duties. Whitehall, 7 April, 1611. 
Seven signatures Seal §p. (129 53) 

The King to Lord Treasurer Salisbury 
1611, April 12. — Thomas Gurlyn, gent, has presented unto us the 
names of Lawrence Michelborne, esq, and William Waller, gent, of co. 
Southampton; Parnella Towerson, widow; Anne Clarke, widow; Jane 
Leake, spinster; Francis Lockley, gent; the Lady Mary Culpeper, 
widow; Thomas Rawlyns, gent; Thomas Barram, gent; Henry Smith, 

gent; Melvj^n, widow; Frances Culpeper and Mary Culpeper, 

spinsters, of our city of London; Francis Poultney, gent; J. Brutenell, 
gent; and William Tressam, gent, of co. Northampton; Margery Bend- 
ishe, widow, of co. Essex; Elizabeth Carredyn and Isabel Oliver, widows, 
of co. Hereford; and Edward Eccleston, of Eccleston, co. Lancaster, 



297 

esq, detected for recusancy, and whom he undertakes by his industry 
to prosecute and convict according to the laws in that case provided 
in the proper counties where the said recusants are "commorant" ; 
and upon their convictions to cause inquisitions to be made of the goods 
and two parts of the lands of the said recusants, the same to be certified 
of record into our Exchequer as in that case is accustomed; craving of 
us to bestow upon him such benefit as in the like grants we have hereto- 
fore rewarded others our servants. Therefore we have thought good to 
signify unto you that when it shall appear by certificate out of the 
office of the Treasurer's Remembrancer of the Exchequer that the said 
recusants are duly convicted, their goods found or lands seized to our 
use and the same returned into our Exchequer, that then you give order 
to our Attorney General or other of our learned counsel to make a bill 
for a grant and lease unto the said Gurlyn of the goods and two parts of 
the lands of the said recusants according to a form already agreed on 
remaining with our Attorney, and with such reservations as are usual 
in leases of recusants' lands. Moreover because our intent is not by this 
our warrant that any delay shall be used in the prosecuting of the said 
recusants than otherwise by the course of our laws they should be (sic), 
our meaning is that if the said Gurlyn do not within one year next after 
the date of this our warrant convict the said recusants and return the 
inquisitions of their lands or goods; or in case he shall in the meantime 
make any private composition or receive any money or other matter of 
reward from any of the said recusants; that thereupon proof thereof 
made before any of the Barons of our Exchequer, this our warrant shall 
be immediately void and of none effect to the said Thomas Gurlyn, and 
that other our well deserving servants may then petition to us touching 
the said recusants. Palace of Westminster, the 12 of April, 9 Jas 1. 
Sign Manual Signet l%pp, (129 54) 

The King to Lord Treasurer Salisbury 
1611, April 13. — Henry Colborne, one of the Gentlemen Ushers to the 
Queen, and Lawrence Linlay, one of the Grooms of her Privy Chamber, 

have presented unto us the names of Mary Clarke; Alington; 

Isabel Oliver; and — — Marshe, of London, widows; Mary Yaxley and 
Anne Yaxley, spinsters; Dorothy Bard well, widow; Frances Bardwell, 
spinster; and — - Rookwood, of Coldham Hall, widow, co. Suffolk; and 

Audley, of Beerechurch, co. Essex, widow, detected for recusancy, 

whom they undertake to prosecute and convict in the proper counties 
where they are commorant; and upon conviction to cause inquisitions 
to be made of their goods and two parts of their lands, to be certified of 
record into our Exchequer as is accustomed, craving of us to bestow 
upon them such benefit as in like grants we have heretofore rewarded 
other our servants. Therefore when it shall appear by certificate out of 
the office of our Treasurer's Remembrancer of the Exchequer that the 
said recusants are duly convicted, their goods found or lands seized to 
our use and returned into the Exchequer, give order to our Attorney 
General or other learned counsel to make a bill for a grant and lease 
to Colborne and Linlay of the said goods and two parts of the lands 
according to a form already agreed on. With clause against delay on 

CM— Y 



298 

the part of Colborne and Linlay in convictions (as in the above of April 
12). Palace of Westminster, 13 April, 9 James I. 
Sign Manual Signet l^pp. (129 55) 

Sir William Kingsmtll to Lord Treasurer Salisbury 
1611, April 15. Necessity enforces me to move j^ou touching some 
timber for the repairing of the lodge and amending the pale in a park of 
the King's called Freemantle, whereof I am keeper; the lodge being so 
ruinous that I have been forced to pull down the greatest part of it to 
prevent the falling of the rest. The park stands so exceeding high that 
upon tempests a whole furlong of pale is often blown down in an instant, 
so that it is at this present in great [need of] reparation. Wherefore if 
you grant your warrant for twenty trees out of the forest of Pamber or 
Odey I hope they shall be well employed. And whereas the King has 
usually heretofore paid for the carriage of such trees, if it please you to 
allow me the tops of those trees (which will serve for no other use but for 
wood) I will procure the carriage at my own charge. Malsanger. 15 
April, 1611. 
Holograph \p. (129 56) 

Sir Stephen Lesieur to the Earl of Salisbury 
1611, April 24. — The enclosed is but now come from my friend in 
Prague, who as I understand had written more at large in another 
letter, which I fear is intercepted. 24 April, 1611. 
Holograph \p. (196 39) 

J. Norden to the Lord Treasurer 
1611, April 26. — In reference to the grant to be made to Henry 
Martyn, one of his Majesty's trumpeters, of certain coppices in the New 
Forest, he sends particulars of the leases, rents, etc., of the same. 26 
April, 1611. 
Holograph \p. (132 141) 

The King to Lord Treasurer Salisbury 
1611, April 27. — Warrant to allow William Nory, servant of Sir 
Henry Guntrodt, knt, returning home to Germany, to transport 1378 
ounces of gilt plate for the use of Sir Henry Guntrodt, free of custom 
or other duty; and also for Andrew Melvin, clerk, departing beyond 
seas there to remain, to carry with him thirty pounds in gold of current 
money of England without let or molestation. Palace of Westminster. 
27 April, 9 James 1. 
Sign Manual Signet %p. (129 57) 

The Privy Council to the Earl or Salisbury 
Lord Lieutenant of Hertfordshire 
161 1 , April 28. — The King expressed his willingness to accept a yearly 
sum of money from the counties instead of the composition which has 
been made for provision of his house in specie; and authorised persons 
were summoned to come hither to confer thereon. Salisbury is required 
to make known to the justices and others that, on account of various 



299 

inconveniences, proceedings in the cause are suspended till after 
Michaelmas. Whitehall, 28 April, 1611. 

Signed: T. Ellesmere, Cane. R. Salisbury; T. Sufïolke; Gilb. Shrews- 
bury; E. Worcester; Jul. Caesar. \p. (196 40) 

The King to Lord Treasurer Salisbury 
1611, April 29. — For a grant and lease to William Leslie of the goods 
and two parts of the lands of Thomas Phillips alias Cockman, of Eltham, 
co. Kent; Robert West, of the parish of St. Dunstan in Mincing Lane, 
London; Andreas Oxstoridge, of the parish of St. Sepulchre, London; 
Peter Whitcombe; Thomas Wolf, of Sumertown, co. Oxford, gent; 
Gabriel Mathew, of Sanslap; and John Dennett, of Wing, co. Bucks, 
gent, detected for recusancy, whom Leslie undertakes to prosecute and 
convict, etc. (In the same form as letter of April 12 above) Palace of 
Westminster, 29 April, 9 James 1. 
Sign Manual Signet l%pp. (129 58) 

The Privy Council to Lord Treasurer Salisbury 
1611, April 29. — According to his Majesty's letters dated 8 June, 
1609, to give warrant to Robert Calvert, gent, one of the undertakers, 
to transport into Ireland 10 kine, 1 bull, 10 young store cattle, 50 ewes, 
3 rams, 10 mares, horses and colts, and 5 swine, without paying custom 
or other duties. From Whitehall, 29 April, 1611. 
Seven signatures Seal \p. (129 59) 

Acquittance 
1611, April 29.— "Received this 29th of Aprill, 1611, frome my Lo. 
Cranborne to the use of my Lord and Mr., the right Honourable thearle 
of Mountgomery the some of thirtye fly ve pounds for soe much oweinge 
by the said Lord Cranborne to my Lord." 

Signed: Adam Hill. Endorsed: "Aprill the 29, 1611. XXXV 1 paid to 
my lord of Mountgomery for soe much lost to him at Tennys by my 
Lord Cranborne." \p. (200 174) 

The King to Lord Treasurer Salisbury 
1611, May 7. — For a grant and lease to John Welford, gent, of the 
goods and two parts of the lands of Edward Lingen, of Sutton, co. 
Hereford, esq., detected for recusancy, whom Welford undertakes to 
prosecute and convict. Palace of Westminster 7 May, 9 James 1. 
Sign Manual Signet \\pp. (129 60) 

Sir Henry Hob arte to Lord [? Salisbury] 
1611, May 7. — He has taken a conveyance from Sir James Semple 
and Sir Jame3 Creighton unto his Majesty of an annuity of 200 1 issuing 
out of the "Annually" in the county of Longford, which annuity was 
given by the late Queen to Sir Nicholas Malby. They are to assign 
certain statutes and bonds to discharge the annuity from incumbrances. 
7 May, 1611. 
Signed \p. (206 59) 



300 

The King to Lord Treasurer Salisbury 
1611, May 16. — For a grant and lease to Case Surley of the goods and 
two parts of the lands of Elizabeth Blackwell, detected for recusancy, 
whom Surley undertakes to prosecute and convict. Palace of West- 
minster, 16 May, 9 James 1. 
Sign Manual \\pp. (129 61) 

The King to Lord Treasurer Salisbury 
1611, May 16. — For a like grant to Sir Thomas Tracy, knt. a Gentle- 
man Usher of the Privy Chamber to the Queen, of the goods and lands 
of Katherine Read of co. Gloucester, detected for recusancy. Palace 
of Westminster, 16 May, 9 James 1. 
Sign Manual Signet \\pp. (129 62) 

Expenses of Henry, Prince of Wales 
1611, May 20. — Moneys of all natures paid to and for the Prince 

since Easter 1610 until this 20th of May 1611, viz.: 

His household expenses at 1000 1 per mensem from 6000 1 

Easter 1610 until Michaelmas following, 

His household expenses since Michaelmas 1610 

until this 20th of May, 1611, 11200 1 

His rents at Michaelmas 1610, 6918 1 

His robes for midsummer, 700 1 1 

His privy purse then due, 300' 31849 1 

Surplusage of his robes for a 7, 72 1 [sic?] 

His robes at his Creation, 131 1 1 

His extraordinaries, 1000 1 

His barriers over and above 986[*] formerly paid, 

besides the Wardrobe, 1 109 1 

Fireworks at his Creation, 1300 1 

Officers of arms at his Creation, 22 1 1 

Graving of his seals, 102 1 
Rewards to divers particular persons employed 

in his mask and barriers, 81 7 1 

Endorsed: "Besides 94 1 remaining of his Highness's rents for which 
there is yet no warrant, and 2800 1 for his barriers." \p. (129 63) 

The Privy Council to Lord Treasurer Salisbury 
1611, May 21. — Warrant to grant licence, according to his Majesty's 
letters of 8 June, 1609, to Lysagh Conor, gent, one of the undertakers, 
to transport into Ireland 20 kine, 3 bulls, 6 mares, 5 horses, 20 sheep, 
6 rams and 6 swine, without paying custom or other duties. 21 May, 
1611. 
Six signatures \p. (129 64) 

The King to Lord Treasurer Salisbury 
1611, June 4.— Warrant to allow Sir William Anstruther, knt, to 
transport out of England into Scotland for his own use, without paying 
any custom, the following parcels of plate, viz., one basin and ewer of 



301 

silver, two stoups, four bowls, two salts, one sugar box and spoon, 
two candlesticks and twelve spoons, weighing in all 261 1 ounces. 
Palace of Westminster, 4 June, 9 James 1 . 
Sign Manual % p. (129 65) 

James Burrell to Thomas Wilson 
1611, June 6. — Sends him by Thomas Anderson, the master of the 
ship who traffics to Berwick, "4 salmond souced, in a cage". Thanks 
him for his favours. Doubts not Wilson will use the best means he can 
in his behalf, for his business with the Lord Treasurer. Berwick, 6 June, 
1611. 
Holograph \p. (86 77) 

The King to Lord Treasurer Salisbury 
1611, June 6. — By our letters patents bearing date the 6th day of 
March in the eighth year of our reign, we have given unto Sir Thomas 
Mounson, knt., the office of Master of our Armoury within the Tower of 
London, as also in our galleries at Greenwich, immediately after the 
decease of Sir Henry Lee, late Master. Forasmuch as we are now given 
to understand Sir Henry Lee is lately deceased, by means whereof the 
same office is descended to Sir Thomas Mounson, we let you wit our 
pleasure is that you forthwith appoint trusty persons to make a true 
and perfect view and remain of all our armour and other munition or 
habiliments of war now within the Tower of London or any other place 
appertaining to the office of Master of our Armoury, and so much thereof 
as were lately in the custody or keeping of Sir Henry Lee or any other 
person appointed for the purpose to deliver over by books under the 
hands of the commissioners, so by you appointed, into the custody of 
Sir Thomas Mounson; and that the commissioners do likewise in the 
same books under their hands distinguish and certify the old decayed 
and unserviceable armour, munition and habiliments of war of all sorts 
from the good and serviceable, especially such as they find unfit to be 
given in charge or to be kept in our said office. And that you make 
allowances from time to time unto the said commissioners for their diets 
and other charges expended in the said services, to be paid out of the 
Receipt of our Exchequer, as in like services has been accustomed. 
Palace of Westminster, 6 June, 9 James 1. 
Sign Manual Signet Ira. (129 66(1)) 

John Finet to [Viscount Cranborne] 
1611, June 24. — ". . . . greater shame to gather phrases than riches, 
when they are to serve the mind as these the body. I know one of the 
learnedest tongues and judgments of this land that scorned neither 
the pains nor the notes to compile with his own hands for his private 
use a just volume of English elegancies, phrases and synonyms. But 
the amassing of these is nothing without application and exercises, 
which may be performed in framing letters out of imagined subjects to 
and from yourself. 24 June, 1611. 

Holograph Last page only of a letter, the first portion wanting. Endorsed 
in a later hand: "John Finet, governor to Lord Salisbury's son." 
\p. (129 66(2)) 



302 

James Walter to the Earl of Salisbury 
[1611, ? before July] — Complains of having been dispossessed of a 
tenement in the manor of Weston, co. Hereford, by Jane Shelley, 
widow of William Shelley, attainted. Prays for redress. Undated 
lp. (P.1190) 
[See Cal.S.P.Dom., 1611-1618, p.6L] 

[The Earl of Oxford] to the Earl of Salisbury 
[?1611] July 18. — Acknowledging the service the Earl of Salisbury 
has done him, and thanking him for his kindness at all times. 18 July. 
Holograph lp. (197 149) 

Sir Arthur Chichester to [the Earl of Salisbury] 
1611, July 19. — The enclosed to the Council declare what entrance 
I have made into the reformation of abuses done by the priests and 
people in matter of religion and church government in this kingdom : 
now grown so swelling and insufferable that a speedy cure must be put 
in practice, without which the whole land is so corrupted that there 
will be no recovery without loss of blood. Of their boldness in profaning 
the true service of God and maintaining the idolatry of Rome, I cannot 
speak without shame and disgrace to ourselves and the Government. 
I had thought to have laboured no further in that work which brought 
on me so much hate with so little good success among this people; but 
upon receipt of the King's letters of the 26th of April last, at the hands 
of the Bishop of Raphoe, I am taught his pleasure. I enclose copies of 
the letters from his Majesty and the Council. Although I perceive that 
they have great confidence in my care and experience, and leave much 
to my judgment, yet in causes of so great moment it would content me 
better to be absolutely directed than to be left as now I am; for if I 
endeavour not to the full of some of the Bishops' and churchmen's 
expectations, and of the good Protestants here, in matter of reform- 
ation, for the true service of God, and in cutting off or banishing of the 
priests, I doubt I shall be complained of to his Majesty as cold in 
religion and remiss in my duty; for the contents of the Lords' letters 
are private to myself, and that of the King's known to many, so as 
some begin to say that if there be not an amendment of things amiss in 
that kind the fault is in me, for from his Majesty I have directions and 
authority sufficient. 

In that point of ordaining the Bishops to receive the oath of alle- 
giance, and to urge them to subscribe to the Act of Supremacy (which 
latter I take it is only meant of magistrates and men in office), I pray 
to receive further directions; for unless such as shall refuse it be called 
over thither and receive reproof and punishment, we shall be unworthily 
confronted and the cause more and more contemned. 

The Bishops have pressed me for that commission, but upon advice 
with the Lord Chancellor I will make stay of it till I hear again from 
you, which I pray may be speedily. If the moderation, modesty and 
wisdom of the Chancellor had not prevailed with them, they would 
hardly have departed without taking those commissions with them. 
If they shall offer the oath of allegiance, as I wish they may, so as such 



303 

persons as shall refuse it be by just punishment taught their duty, I will 
cause them to make of choice two or three in a city or county, heads or 
ringleaders to the rest. If they take it, many will follow; if they refuse 
it, their hearts are naught, and their correction will be terrors to 
thousands. 

For that point of the King's letters which makes mention of 25 of 
Captain Kingsmell's horse to be appointed to lie near the Bishop of 
Raphoe's lands under the conduct of Sir Rafe Bingley, I think it is not 
intended I should divide them into two companies and increase the 
King's charge, albeit the Bishop so expounds it; but rather that they 
should attend him at convenient times for the defence of his person 
from danger, and lands from oppression and extortion: of which he 
needed not to have complained, for I would have had care of him if he 
had sought me, but think he had no cause: that which he sought being 
rather to gratify Sir Rafe Bingley in respect of some private bargain 
betwixt them than upon other occasion given. This notwithstanding, 
I have appointed the horse with an officer of Captain Kingsmeale's to 
attend him, as he or Bingley shall upon just occasion require them. His 
Majesty's Castle of Dublin, 19 July, 1611. 
Holograph Endorsed: "Lo. Deputy to my Lord." 4pp. (196 41) 

The King to Lord Treasurer Salisbury 
1611, July 24. — Warrant to allow Roger Turlott, merchant stranger, 
to transport to Middelburg in Zeeland four hundred pounds worth of 
his own household plate for his necessary use in those parts, which he 
means to return hither again in a very short time; taking caution of 
him that after a time to be limited he cause the plate to be transported 
hither again either in specie or in value of gold and silver. Palace of 
Westminster, 24 July, 9 James 1 . 
Sign Manual Signet \p. (129 67) 

Sir Arthur Chichester to the Earl of Salisbury 
1611, July 27. — Lord Carew, who landed on the 11th instant, brought 
with him great comfort and encouragement to most of us that labour 
in our master's business so far remote; for the employment of so worthy 
a personage into this kingdom is a notable mark of the King's care of 
his subjects here; and to me an extraordinary favour, that he may 
report things to his Majesty and your Lordships which by pen cannot 
be so well expressed as by relation of a person so noble and judicious; 
who, as you have well noted, will likewise partake with me of the scandal 
and offence which upon the diminution of the King's charge here, and 
raising profit to him, will be cast upon us by such as suffer loss or 
prejudice by it. 

His employment hither consists of three heads ; the abatement of his 
Majesty's charge; the increase of his revenue; and to understand the 
proceeding in the plantation of Ulster. 

For the first, I have laid down how it may be done with best security 
and least offence to the persons whose services are of most use; and am 
heartily glad you so well conceive of the service of this small handful 
of men in peace and war. Surely they are the bit that curbs and keeps 



304 

the isle disposed in awe, and makes the law current, which otherwise 
would be of small power. Besides which, the entertainments given to 
servitors, though greatly diminished, keeps many a brave gentleman and 
soldier in this land, who on occasion will serve for commanders of a 
great army here or elsewhere, without which they would seek prefer- 
ments in other places. 

For the second, we have gathered heads of matters out of which 
profit majr be raised, and what we may do of ourselves I will gladly 
put in execution; that which requires direction from thence we will 
transmit upon his Lordship's return. But I pray you to foresee that 
to bring what is projected for his Majesty's future profit into charge 
in his Exchequer, will for the present require disbursements of money 
as well as men's labours. 

The matter of Custom is the only thing we have dealt with since my 
Lord Carew came over, and we find the opposition of the towns as 
fresh as if they had not been heard there; but their claims having 
received so judicious a sentence as that subscribed by some of the 
judges and King's learned counsel, we have required them to submit, 
and will establish officers in each port town, Longe and Chetame 
having now surrendered their letters patents. It may be that some of 
them will importune you to obtain that which is not fitting. If their 
motions be rejected, I am of opinion they will strive no further; but 
that the four towns of Dublin, Waterford, Gallawaye and Droghedagh 
will forego the benefit of the poundage granted to their freemen, I see 
no likelihood. If they should not, his Majesty may "mete" with them 
by laying an imposition upon them of the like value, to equal them 
with the rest of the kingdom, or by Act of Parliament, to which I 
think we shall get the voices of all other Corporations, for this privilege 
is a hindrance to them and they desire to make their burdens even. 

For the Plantation, his Lordship will be occultatus testis, and to that 
end we intend to begin our journey into Ulster on Monday, the 29th inst . 

Now it remains that I acknowledge the great bond in which I am 
(by the enclosed, among many other favours) perpetually tied to your 
service, which I return unseen by any, other than what I imparted of 
your noble advice to my Lord Carew, which I conceive to be your 
meaning. At his Majesty's Castle of Dublin, 27 July, 1611. 
Holograph Endorsed: "The Lord Deputv of Ireland." S^pp. (196 
43) 

Lord Carew to the Earl of Salisbury 
1611, July 28.— The day I left Holyhead, the 10 of July, I arrived 
at the Head of Hothe about midnight. The next day I presented to the 
Lord Deputy his Majesty's letters, and acquainted him with my 
instructions. The morrow following the letter was read to the Council, 
and I received an oath, wherewith I was well acquainted, of a Council- 
lor. Every day since that time the Lord Deputy, the Treasurer and 
myself (with the help of the King's officers) has been spent in collecting 
into a list all the means left whereby the King's revenue and profits 
may be increased. The heads by which we hope profit may be made 
are above three score, and are committed to sundrj r men's hands to 



305 

consider of while his Lordship and myself are in Ulster, unto which 
province we hope to begin our journey this next week, 29 of July, and 
by the last of August our return is determined. The diminution of the 
army the Lord Deputy is willing enough to obey, and at his return 
from Ulster he will consider it; but until the blow be given no bruit is 
made of it, yet feared by all the men of war who must undergo the loss. 

Although the Lord Deputy be willing (as I said) to obey the King's 
pleasure, yet in the next dispatch unto him, in my poor opinion, it were 
not amiss to remember that particular, and to let him know that his 
Majesty expects at the least the diminution of his charges by 20,000 1 
sterling per annum, which will either cause him to perform what is 
required, or else he will show good cause to the contrary. The reason 
that moves me to write as I do is the overrunning of the list of the army 
which he and I have perused, and although his desire leads him to abate 
that sum, for so much I have told him is at least expected, yet he knows 
not whom to cross. Himself he will not spare in abating his own com- 
panies, nor yet the great officers which may bear diminution, but 
compassion moves him towards such as have deserved well, and not 
able to live but by their pay. Towards this abatement we find a great 
let in patentees, whereof many are in themselves unworthy men, of 
whom no compassion is to be had; yet in regard of the King's grants 
we know not how to ease the King of their needless pays. The best 
means to ease that heavy burden (if their grants cannot be avoided) 
is as they die not to regrant them to others; and the like of pensions. 
Cogan who, as you know, is here employed about the customs, has all 
the assistance he can require. When the Lord Deputy returns out of 
the north the principal men of the maritime towns (and especially those 
of Dublin, Droheda, Waterford and Galway) are commanded to repair 
unto him, and I hope by one mean or other they shall be reduced to 
reason. Longe and Chetham, who were patentees of the customs, have 
submitted themselves to composition, and are to surrender their patent. 

Commissions unto the Vice-Presidents of Munster and Connaught 
are given to inquire in Munster of the defects of the undert